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Child acute respiratory infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886368/written-information-for-patients-or-parents-of-child-patients-to-reduce-the-use-of-antibiotics-for-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-primary-care
#1
REVIEW
Jack W O'Sullivan, Robert T Harvey, Paul P Glasziou, Amanda McCullough
BACKGROUND: Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are frequently managed in primary care settings. Although many are viral, and there is an increasing problem with antibiotic resistance, antibiotics continue to be prescribed for URTIs. Written patient information may be a simple way to reduce antibiotic use for acute URTIs. OBJECTIVES: To assess if written information for patients (or parents of child patients) reduces the use of antibiotics for acute URTIs in primary care...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876743/-the-possibilities-for-the-rational-pharmacotherapy-of-adenoiditis-in-the-children
#2
E P Karpova, D V Kharina
The available literature data give evidence that viral infection is the main cause underlying the development of inflammatory nasopharyngeal pathology in the children. According to ICD-10, nether acute nor chronic adenoiditis should be considered as a self-consistent nosological entity. Acute adenoiditis is usually regarded as a form of acute nasopharyngitis (J02) or acute respiratory viral infection (J06.9) whereas chronic adenoiditis is commonly referred to as representing other chronic diseases of the tonsils and adenoids (J 35...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861238/complementary-feeding-and-diarrhea-and-respiratory-infection-among-hiv-exposed-tanzanian-infants
#3
P Kamenju, E Liu, E Hertzmark, D Spiegelman, R R Kisenge, R Kupka, S Aboud, K P Manji, C Duggan, W W Fawzi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between complementary feeding (CF) and risks of diarrhea and acute respiratory infection (ARI) among HIV-exposed infants aged 6-24 months. DESIGN: We prospectively employed an Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) to measure CF practices (breastfeeding status, food consistency, dietary diversity, food group frequency and meal frequency). We determined the association of ICFI and each of its components with the risk of diarrhea and ARI...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843833/effect-of-mother-infant-pair-s-latch-on-position-on-child-s-health-a-lesson-for-nursing-care
#4
Harshdeep Joshi, Pushpendra Magon, Sunil Raina
BACKGROUND: Effective breastfeeding is a function of the proper positioning of mother and baby and attachment of child to the mother's breast. Positioning of the baby's body is important for good attachment and successful breastfeeding. The study was planned to assess mother-infant pair latch on position and its impact on health status of the child. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was community-based cross-sectional study conducted among 1267 children between age group of 0-24 months in the urban and rural field practice areas of the Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833453/benign-acute-childhood-myositis-complicating-influenza-b-infection-in-a-boy-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#5
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Joanna Przychodzień, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
INTRODUCTION: Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) is an acute complication of an infection characterized by calf pain, limitation of lower limb mobility, an increase in serum creatine kinase, and a self-limiting course. No reports of BACM in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) can be found in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 5-year-old boy with steroid-sensitive INS presented with fever, leg pain, and problems with walking. Physical examination showed pharyngeal erythema, preserved movements in all joints, and weakness of leg muscles...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818376/improving-household-air-drinking-water-and-hygiene-in-rural-peru-a-community-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-integrated-environmental-home-based-intervention-package-to-improve-child-health
#6
S M Hartinger, C F Lanata, J Hattendorf, H Verastegui, A I Gil, J Wolf, D Mäusezahl
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea and acute lower respiratory infections are leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality, which can be prevented by simple low-cost interventions. Integrated strategies can provide additional benefits by addressing multiple health burdens simultaneously. METHODS: We conducted a community-randomized-controlled trial in 51 rural communities in Peru to evaluate whether an environmental home-based intervention package, consisting of improved solid-fuel stoves, kitchen sinks, solar disinfection of drinking water and hygiene promotion, reduces lower respiratory infections, diarrhoeal disease and improves growth in children younger than 36 months...
November 6, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805553/-monoinfection-of-human-metapneumovirus-in-cordoba-first-clinical-and-epidemiological-research-in-children-with-respiratory-infection-in-2011
#7
Pamela Elizabeth Rodriguez, María Pilar Adamo, María Gabriela Paglini, Laura Moreno, Jorge Augusto Camara, Alicia Camara
: Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) RNA virus discovered in 2001, is a pathogen associated with acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children under 5 years; its prevalence ranges from 5-15%. In Córdoba, it is not integrated into the viral research in patients with low IRA (LARI). OBJECTIVE: Detect hMPV in children under 5 years hospitalized for LARI in the Children's Hospital "Santísima Trinidad" of Cordoba (HNC) in 2011 and describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of monoinfecciones without comorbidity...
2016: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754611/estimation-of-influenza-attributable-medically-attended-acute-respiratory-illness-by-influenza-type-subtype-and-age-germany-2001-02-2014-15
#8
Matthias An der Heiden, Udo Buchholz
BACKGROUND: The total burden of influenza in primary care is difficult to assess. The case definition of medically attended "acute respiratory infection" (MAARI) in the German physician sentinel is sensitive, however it requires modelling techniques to derive estimates of disease attributable to influenza. We aimed to examine the impact of type/subtype and age. METHODS: Data on MAARI and virological results of respiratory samples (virological sentinel) were available from 2001/02 until 2014/15...
October 18, 2016: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749571/fatal-systemic-adenoviral-infection-superimposed-on-pulmonary-mucormycosis-in-a-child-with-acute-leukemia-a-case-report
#9
Yu Mi Seo, Seok Hwang-Bo, Seong Koo Kim, Seung Beom Han, Nack-Gyun Chung, Jin Han Kang
BACKGROUND: Although adenovirus (ADV) infection usually causes self-limiting respiratory disorders in immune competent children; severe and systemic ADV infection in children undergoing chemotherapy for leukemia has been continuously reported. Nevertheless, there has been no consensus on risk factors and treatment strategies for severe ADV infection in children undergoing chemotherapy. CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of a 15-year-old boy with a fatal systemic ADV infection...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738052/clinical-and-socioeconomic-burden-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-in-children
#10
Terho Heikkinen, Emilia Ojala, Matti Waris
BACKGROUND:  Vaccines and antivirals against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are being developed, but there are scarce data on the full impact of RSV infection on outpatient children. METHODS:  We analyzed the burden of RSV in a prospective cohort study of children aged ≤13 years during 2 consecutive respiratory seasons in Turku, Finland (2231 child-seasons of follow-up). We examined the children and obtained nasal swabs for the detection of RSV during each respiratory illness...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651176/community-vulnerability-and-symptoms-of-acute-respiratory-infection-among-preschool-age-children-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-malawi-and-nigeria-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys
#11
Chi Chiao
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of the global spread of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa, the impact of the AIDS pandemic has contributed to more than 40 million orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa. The children's vulnerability is hypothesised to increase the risk of acute respiratory infection (ARI), which remains one of the major infectious causes of child mortality and morbidity in this region. This study examines the linkages between children's vulnerability and ARI symptoms, with a focus on the individual as well as community levels...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647492/suboptimal-breastfeeding-in-the-united-states-maternal-and-pediatric-health-outcomes-and-costs
#12
Melissa C Bartick, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Brittany D Green, Briana J Jegier, Arnold G Reinhold, Tarah T Colaizy, Debra L Bogen, Andrew J Schaefer, Alison M Stuebe
The aim of this study was to quantify the excess cases of pediatric and maternal disease, death, and costs attributable to suboptimal breastfeeding rates in the United States. Using the current literature on the associations between breastfeeding and health outcomes for nine pediatric and five maternal diseases, we created Monte Carlo simulations modeling a hypothetical cohort of U.S. women followed from age 15 to age 70 years and their children from birth to age 20 years. We examined disease outcomes using (a) 2012 breastfeeding rates and (b) assuming that 90% of infants were breastfed according to medical recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633921/use-of-extracorporeal-support-in-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-secondary-to-ehrlichiosis
#13
Amy Cheng, Feifei Williams, James Fortenberry, Catherine Preissig, Steven Salinas, Pradip Kamat
Ehrlichiosis, caused by transmission of Ehrlichia chaffeensis to humans through the bite of an infected lone star tick, can lead to secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), a life-threatening condition caused by uncontrolled activation of the cellular immune system. We describe a child with HLH secondary to ehrlichiosis who developed multiorgan failure and was successfully managed with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A 9-year-old boy developed headaches, fever, and sore throat after suspected tick exposure...
September 15, 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616461/multiple-unusual-lung-etiologies-in-a-child-with-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia
#14
Allison Bechtel, Michael Joyce, Christopher J Dudek, John J Sarandria, Chetan Shah, Ali G Saad
Granulomatous lung disease is a rare and perplexing differential in pediatrics. Pulmonary Cryptococcus falls into the differential but is not high on the list, particularly in a non-AIDS patient. Methotrexate (MTX) is a commonly used agent for chemotherapy in oncology and has been documented to cause lung injury in both patients with rheumatologic and oncologic diseases. Our patient had chronic cough and then developed an opportunistic infection resulting in respiratory failure. Lung biopsy showed two underlying unusual diagnoses: MTX lung injury and cryptococcal pneumonia...
September 12, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604708/charting-health-system-reconstruction-in-post-war-liberia-a-comparison-of-rural-vs-remote-healthcare-utilization
#15
Katherine Kentoffio, John D Kraemer, Thomas Griffiths, Avi Kenny, Rajesh Panjabi, G Andrew Sechler, Stephen Selinsky, Mark J Siedner
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing global emphasis on universal healthcare, access to basic primary care for remote populations in post-conflict countries remains a challenge. To better understand health sector recovery in post-conflict Liberia, this paper seeks to evaluate changes in utilization of health services among rural populations across a 5-year time span. METHODS: We assessed trends in healthcare utilization among the national rural population using the Liberian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) from 2007 and 2013...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602017/an-acute-respiratory-infection-of-a-physiologically-anemic-infant-is-a-more-likely-cause-of-sids-than-neurological-prematurity
#16
David T Mage, Maria Luisa Latorre, Alejandro G Jenik, E Maria Donner
INTRODUCTION: The cause of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is perhaps the oldest of unsolved mysteries of medicine, possibly dating back to Exodus in Biblical times when Egyptian children died in their sleep as if from a plague. It occurs when infants die unexpectedly with no sufficient cause of death found in a forensic autopsy, including death scene investigation and review of medical history. That SIDS is an X-linked recessive death from infectious respiratory disease of a physiologically anemic infant and not a simple anomalous cardiac or neurological condition is an extraordinary claim that requires extraordinary evidence...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601385/food-repertoire-histories-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-japan
#17
Koji Tanoue, Tetsuya Takamasu, Kiyoshi Matsui
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Food selectivity is commonly reported in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We aimed to investigate the eating habit histories of children with ASD. METHODS: We analyzed 3-day food records completed by the parents and assessed how many unique foods each child consumed. The parents were also interviewed about their child's diet of complementary foods and estimated number of food repertoires at the ages of 3, 6, 12 and 18 years...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586497/effects-of-health-intervention-programs-and-arsenic-exposure-on-child-mortality-from-acute-lower-respiratory-infections-in-rural-bangladesh
#18
Warren C Jochem, Abdur Razzaque, Elisabeth Dowling Root
BACKGROUND: Respiratory infections continue to be a public health threat, particularly to young children in developing countries. Understanding the geographic patterns of diseases and the role of potential risk factors can help improve future mitigation efforts. Toward this goal, this paper applies a spatial scan statistic combined with a zero-inflated negative-binomial regression to re-examine the impacts of a community-based treatment program on the geographic patterns of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) mortality in an area of rural Bangladesh...
2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581858/rhinovirus-infections-in-the-first-2-years-of-life
#19
Laura Toivonen, Linnea Schuez-Havupalo, Sinikka Karppinen, Tamara Teros-Jaakkola, Maris Rulli, Jussi Mertsola, Matti Waris, Ville Peltola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rhinoviruses frequently cause respiratory infections in young children. We aimed to establish the burden of acute respiratory infections caused by rhinovirus during the first 2 years of life. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort study, we followed 923 children for acute respiratory infections from birth to 2 years of age. Data on respiratory infections were collected by daily symptom diaries, study clinic visits, and from electronic registries...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457790/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-a-polysaccharide-resin-honey-based-cough-syrup-as-compared-to-carbocysteine-syrup-for-children-with-colds-a-randomized-single-blinded-multicenter-study
#20
Herman Avner Cohen, Moshe Hoshen, Shmuel Gur, Arie Bahir, Yoseph Laks, Hannah Blau
BACKGROUND: Available pediatric treatments for acute cough are limited by lack of demonstrated efficacy. The objective of this trial is to compare the effects of a polysaccharide-resin-honey based cough syrup, and carbocysteine syrups on nocturnal and daytime cough associated with childhood upper respiratory tract infections (URIs). METHODS: Using a single-blind randomization design, the study recruited children from 4 general pediatric community clinics. Participants included 150 children aged 2 to 5 years with an URI, nocturnal and daytime cough and illness duration of ≤7 days...
July 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
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