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Child acute respiratory infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500864/identification-of-human-bocavirus-type-4-in-a-child-asymptomatic-for-respiratory-tract-infection-and-acute-gastroenteritis-goi%C3%A3-nia-goi%C3%A3-s-brazil
#1
Teresinha Teixeira de Sousa, Tâmera Nunes Vieira Almeida, Fabíola Souza Fiaccadori, Menira Souza, Kareem Rady Badr, Divina das Dôres de Paula Cardoso
Human Bocavirus (HBoV) has been identified from feces and respiratory samples from cases of both acute gastroenteritis and respiratory illness as well as in asymptomatic individuals. The aim of this study was to detect and characterize HBoV from fecal samples collected from hospitalized children aged less than five years old with no symptoms of respiratory tract infection (RTI) or acute gastroenteritis (AGE). The study involved 119 children and one fecal sample was collected from each participant between 2014 and 2015...
May 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490554/feasibility-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-within-consultation-intervention-to-reduce-antibiotic-prescribing-for-children-presenting-to-primary-care-with-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-and-cough
#2
Peter S Blair, Sophie Turnbull, Jenny Ingram, Niamh Redmond, Patricia Jane Lucas, Christie Cabral, Sandra Hollinghurst, Padraig Dixon, Tim Peters, Jeremy Horwood, Paul Little, Nick A Francis, Anna Gilbertson, Catherine Jameson, Alastair D Hay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate recruitment and retention, data collection methods and the acceptability of a 'within-consultation' complex intervention designed to reduce antibiotic prescribing. DESIGN: Primary care feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 32 general practices in South West England recruiting children from October 2014 to April 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Children (aged 3 months to <12 years) with acute cough and respiratory tract infection (RTI)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420349/grey-literature-in-systematic-reviews-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-contribution-of-non-english-reports-unpublished-studies-and-dissertations-to-the-results-of-meta-analyses-in-child-relevant-reviews
#3
Lisa Hartling, Robin Featherstone, Megan Nuspl, Kassi Shave, Donna M Dryden, Ben Vandermeer
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) are an important source of information about healthcare interventions. A key component of a well-conducted SR is a comprehensive literature search. There is limited evidence on the contribution of non-English reports, unpublished studies, and dissertations and their impact on results of meta-analyses. METHODS: Our sample included SRs from three Cochrane Review Groups: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Infectious Diseases (ID), Developmental Psychosocial and Learning Problems (DPLP) (n = 129)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412073/pediatric-acute-flaccid-paralysis-enterovirus-d68-associated-anterior-myelitis
#4
James A Yoder, Michael Lloyd, Luke Zabrocki, Jonathan Auten
BACKGROUND: Enteroviral infections can cause acute flaccid paralysis secondary to anterior myelitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is important in the diagnosis of this potentially devastating pediatric disease. Before the 2014 outbreak of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68), the virus was considered a relatively benign disease. CASE REPORT: A fully immunized 8-year-old boy was brought to the emergency department complaining of a cough, headache, neck pain, and right arm pain and weakness...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409830/magnesium-for-treating-sickle-cell-disease
#5
REVIEW
Nan Nitra Than, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Senthil K Palaniappan, Adinegara Bl Abas, Lucia De Franceschi
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is an autosomal recessive inherited haemoglobinopathy which causes painful vaso-occlusive crises due to sickle red blood cell dehydration. Vaso-occlusive crises are common painful events responsible for a variety of clinical complications; overall mortality is increased and life expectancy decreased compared to the general population. Experimental studies suggest that intravenous magnesium has proven to be well-tolerated in individuals hospitalised for the immediate relief of acute (sudden onset) painful crisis and has the potential to decrease the length of hospital stay...
April 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408931/drug-induced-pneumonitis-secondary-to-treatment-with-paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-and-dasabuvir-viekira-pak%C3%A2-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-case-report-of-an-unexpected-life-threatening-adverse-reaction
#6
Shih Yea Sylvia Wu, Bridget Faire, Edward Gane
VIEKIRA PAK (ritonavir-boosted paritaprevir/ombitasvir and dasabuvir) is an approved treatment for compensated patients with genotype 1 (GT1) chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This oral regimen has minimal adverse effects and is well tolerated. Cure rates are 97% in patients infected with HCV GT 1a and 99% in those with HCV GT 1b. We report the first case of life-threatening allergic pneumonitis associated with VIEKIRA PAK. This unexpected serious adverse event occurred in a 68-year-old Chinese female with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C and Child-Pugh A cirrhosis...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351976/comparing-nonpharmaceutical-interventions-for-containing-emerging-epidemics
#7
Corey M Peak, Lauren M Childs, Yonatan H Grad, Caroline O Buckee
Strategies for containing an emerging infectious disease outbreak must be nonpharmaceutical when drugs or vaccines for the pathogen do not yet exist or are unavailable. The success of these nonpharmaceutical strategies will depend on not only the effectiveness of isolation measures but also the epidemiological characteristics of the infection. However, there is currently no systematic framework to assess the relationship between different containment strategies and the natural history and epidemiological dynamics of the pathogen...
April 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302593/outcomes-in-child-health-exploring-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#8
Michele P Dyson, Kassi Shave, Ricardo M Fernandes, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of technology and its improved accessibility globally, social media is gaining an increasingly important role in health care. Patients are frequently engaging with social media to access information, share content, and interact with others in online health communities. However, the use of social media as a stakeholder engagement strategy has been minimally explored, and effective methods for involving participants in research on the identification of patient-centered outcomes remain unknown...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259853/effectiveness-of-a-cough-management-algorithm-at-the-transitional-phase-from-acute-to-chronic-cough-in-australian-children-aged-15%C3%A2-years-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Keith Grimwood, Maree Toombs, Theo P Sloots, Michael Otim, David Whiley, Jennie Anderson, Sheree Rablin, Paul J Torzillo, Helen Buntain, Anne Connor, Don Adsett, Oon Meng Kar, Anne B Chang
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in Australian children and, if recurrent, are associated with increased risk of chronic pulmonary disorders later in life. Chronic (>4 weeks) cough in children following ARI is associated with decreased quality-of-life scores and increased health and societal economic costs. We will determine whether a validated evidence-based cough algorithm, initiated when chronic cough is first diagnosed after presentation with ARI, improves clinical outcomes in children compared with usual care...
March 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250511/implementation-research-on-community-health-workers-provision-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-rural-liberia
#10
Peter W Luckow, Avi Kenny, Emily White, Madeleine Ballard, Lorenzo Dorr, Kirby Erlandson, Benjamin Grant, Alice Johnson, Breanna Lorenzen, Subarna Mukherjee, E John Ly, Abigail McDaniel, Netus Nowine, Vidiya Sathananthan, Gerald A Sechler, John D Kraemer, Mark J Siedner, Rajesh Panjabi
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the use of essential maternal and child health services in Konobo, Liberia, after implementation of an enhanced community health worker (CHW) programme. METHODS: The Liberian Ministry of Health partnered with Last Mile Health, a nongovernmental organization, to implement a pilot CHW programme with enhanced recruitment, training, supervision and compensation. To assess changes in maternal and child health-care use, we conducted repeated cross-sectional cluster surveys before (2012) and after (2015) programme implementation...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167594/incidences-and-costs-of-illness-for-diarrhea-and-acute-respiratory-infections-for-children-5-years-of-age-in-rural-bangladesh
#11
Amal K Halder, Stephen P Luby, Shamima Akhter, Probir K Ghosh, Richard B Johnston, Leanne Unicomb
AbstractUnderstanding illness costs associated with diarrhea and acute respiratory infections (ARI) could guide prevention and treatment strategies. This study aimed to determine incidence of childhood diarrhea and ARI and costs of homecare, hospitalization, and outpatient treatment by practitioner type in rural Bangladesh. From each of 100 randomly selected population clusters we sampled 17 households with at least one child < 5 years of age. Childhood diarrhea incidence was 3,451 and ARI incidence was 5,849/1,000 child-years...
April 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164028/the-clinical-spectrum-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-in-cameroon-a-hospital-based-study-in-yaounde-cameroon
#12
Andreas Chiabi, Berthe Malangue, Seraphin Nguefack, Félicitée Nguefack Dongmo, Florence Fru, Virginie Takou, Fru Angwafo
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major health problem, and the cause of more than half of childhood deaths in children less than 5 years in developing countries. Globally, 20 million children under 5 years of age are severely malnourished according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In Cameroon, the prevalence of SAM remains high and estimated at 1.9% in 2011 and 1.3% in 2014. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology, clinical aspects and outcome of SAM at the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital (YGOPH)...
January 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111238/age-specific-profiles-of-antibody-responses-against-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#13
Nao Jounai, Megumi Yoshioka, Miyuki Tozuka, Kazue Inoue, Tatsuya Oka, Kazuki Miyaji, Katsuyasu Ishida, Naoki Kawai, Hideyuki Ikematsu, Chiaki Kawakami, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Masaaki Mori, Ken J Ishii, Fumihiko Takeshita
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most prevalent causative agents of lower respiratory tract infections worldwide, especially in infants around 3 to 4months old. Infants at such a young age have maternally-transferred passive antibodies against RSV but do not have active immune systems efficient enough for the control of RSV infection. In order to elucidate age-specific profiles of immune responses against RSV protection, antibody responses were examined by using blood samples in both acute and convalescent phases obtained from child patients and adult patients...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104308/-age-distribution-of-acute-respiratory-infections-caused-by-enteroviruses-in-the-child-population
#14
Jordi Reina, María Cabrerizo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096254/factors-predicting-antibiotic-prescription-and-referral-to-hospital-for-children-with-respiratory-symptoms-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-study-at-out-of-hours-services-in-primary-care
#15
Ingrid Keilegavlen Rebnord, Hogne Sandvik, Anders Batman Mjelle, Steinar Hunskaar
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory infections and fever among children are highly prevalent in primary care. It is challenging to distinguish between viral and bacterial infections. Norway has a relatively low prescription rate of antibiotics, but it is still regarded as too high as the antimicrobial resistance is increasing. The aim of the study was to identify predictors for prescribing antibiotics or referral to hospital among children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled study...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076428/does-measles-vaccination-reduce-the-risk-of-acute-respiratory-infection-ari-and-diarrhea-in-children-a-multi-country-study
#16
Rahul Bawankule, Abhishek Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar, Sadanand Shetye
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and diarrhea occur either as complications or secondary infections in measles affected children. So, the integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) by WHO and UNICEF includes measles vaccination as preventive measure in children. The objective of the study is to examine the effect of measles vaccination on Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and diarrhea in children in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. METHODS: We analyzed data from the most recent rounds of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the selected countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056896/healthcare-seeking-behaviour-of-primary-caregivers-for-acute-otitis-media-in-children-aged-6%C3%A2-months-to-30%C3%A2-months-in-panama-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Iris Villarreal, Rosario Turner, Hyejin Jo, Julie Park, Eric Gemmen, Jean-Yves Pirçon, Maria M Castrejon, William P Hausdorff
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common bacterial childhood infection. However, caregivers with children having mild episodes often do not seek healthcare services, which may lead to an under-appreciation of the disease experienced by the community. The objectives of this survey were to estimate the proportion of primary caregivers who went to a healthcare facility when they suspected that their child aged 6 to <30 months was having an AOM episode during the past 6 months and to assess what factors influenced their decision...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044269/under-five-child-mortality-and-morbidity-associated-with-consanguineous-child-marriage-in-pakistan-retrospective-analysis-using-pakistan-demographic-and-health-surveys-1990-91-2006-07-2012-13
#18
Mudasir Mustafa, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Ashraf Chaudhry, Muazzam Nasrullah
Objective To assess the combined effect of consanguineous and child marriages (CCM) on children health, which has not previously been explored, either globally or locally. Methods We analyzed secondary data from a series of cross-sectional, nationally representative Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys 1990-91, 2006-07, and 2012-13. A total of 5406 mothers with 10,164 children were included in the analysis. Child health was assessed by variables such as history of diarrhea, acute respiratory infection (ARI), ARI with fever, Under-5 child mortality (U5CM) and small-size birth (SSB)...
January 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957376/case-report-of-a-child-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-with-acute-aspergillus-tracheobronchitis-as-a-cause-for-respiratory-failure
#19
Stefanie Gauguet, Kate Madden, Jennifer Wu, Christine Duncan, Gi Soo Lee, Tonya Miller, William C Klingensmith, Sandra K Burchett, Meredith van der Velden
Rapid respiratory failure due to invasive mycosis of the airways is an uncommon presentation of Aspergillus infection, even in immunocompromised patients, and very few pediatric cases have been reported. Patients with Aspergillus tracheobronchitis present with nonspecific symptoms, and radiologic studies are often noninformative, leading to a delay in diagnosis. Prompt initiation of adequate antifungal therapies is of utmost importance to improve outcome. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with chronic myelogenous leukemia who developed respiratory distress 41 days after hematopoietic cell transplantation and rapidly deteriorated despite multiple interventions and treatment modalities...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934581/severe-acute-respiratory-infection-caused-by-swine-influenza-virus-in-a-child-necessitating-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-the-netherlands-october-2016
#20
Pieter L A Fraaij, Enno D Wildschut, Robert J Houmes, Corien M Swaan, Christian J Hoebe, H C C de Jonge, Paulien Tolsma, Isme de Kleer, Suzan D Pas, Bas B Oude Munnink, My V T Phan, Theo M Bestebroer, R Shanty Roosenhoff, Jeroen J A van Kampen, Matthew Cotten, Nancy Beerens, Ron A M Fouchier, Johannes H van den Kerkhof, Aura Timen, Marion P Koopmans
In October 2016, a severe infection with swine influenza A(H1N1) virus of the Eurasian avian lineage occurred in a child with a previous history of eczema in the Netherlands, following contact to pigs. The patient's condition deteriorated rapidly and required life support through extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. After start of oseltamivir treatment and removal of mucus plugs, the patient fully recovered. Monitoring of more than 80 close unprotected contacts revealed no secondary cases.
December 1, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
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