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Child acute respiratory infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302593/outcomes-in-child-health-exploring-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#1
Michele P Dyson, Kassi Shave, Ricardo M Fernandes, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of technology and its improved accessibility globally, social media is gaining an increasingly important role in health care. Patients are frequently engaging with social media to access information, share content, and interact with others in online health communities. However, the use of social media as a stakeholder engagement strategy has been minimally explored, and effective methods for involving participants in research on the identification of patient-centered outcomes remain unknown...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259853/effectiveness-of-a-cough-management-algorithm-at-the-transitional-phase-from-acute-to-chronic-cough-in-australian-children-aged-15%C3%A2-years-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Keith Grimwood, Maree Toombs, Theo P Sloots, Michael Otim, David Whiley, Jennie Anderson, Sheree Rablin, Paul J Torzillo, Helen Buntain, Anne Connor, Don Adsett, Oon Meng Kar, Anne B Chang
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in Australian children and, if recurrent, are associated with increased risk of chronic pulmonary disorders later in life. Chronic (>4 weeks) cough in children following ARI is associated with decreased quality-of-life scores and increased health and societal economic costs. We will determine whether a validated evidence-based cough algorithm, initiated when chronic cough is first diagnosed after presentation with ARI, improves clinical outcomes in children compared with usual care...
March 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250511/implementation-research-on-community-health-workers-provision-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-rural-liberia
#3
Peter W Luckow, Avi Kenny, Emily White, Madeleine Ballard, Lorenzo Dorr, Kirby Erlandson, Benjamin Grant, Alice Johnson, Breanna Lorenzen, Subarna Mukherjee, E John Ly, Abigail McDaniel, Netus Nowine, Vidiya Sathananthan, Gerald A Sechler, John D Kraemer, Mark J Siedner, Rajesh Panjabi
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the use of essential maternal and child health services in Konobo, Liberia, after implementation of an enhanced community health worker (CHW) programme. METHODS: The Liberian Ministry of Health partnered with Last Mile Health, a nongovernmental organization, to implement a pilot CHW programme with enhanced recruitment, training, supervision and compensation. To assess changes in maternal and child health-care use, we conducted repeated cross-sectional cluster surveys before (2012) and after (2015) programme implementation...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167594/incidences-and-costs-of-illness-for-diarrhea-and-acute-respiratory-infections-for-children-5-years-of-age-in-rural-bangladesh
#4
Amal K Halder, Stephen P Luby, Shamima Akhter, Probir K Ghosh, Richard B Johnston, Leanne Unicomb
Understanding illness costs associated with diarrhea and acute respiratory infections (ARI) could guide prevention and treatment strategies. This study aimed to determine incidence of childhood diarrhea and ARI and costs of homecare, hospitalization, and outpatient treatment by practitioner type in rural Bangladesh. From each of 100 randomly selected population clusters we sampled 17 households with at least one child < 5 years of age. Childhood diarrhea incidence was 3,451 and ARI incidence was 5,849/1,000 child-years...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164028/the-clinical-spectrum-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-in-cameroon-a-hospital-based-study-in-yaounde-cameroon
#5
Andreas Chiabi, Berthe Malangue, Seraphin Nguefack, Félicitée Nguefack Dongmo, Florence Fru, Virginie Takou, Fru Angwafo
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major health problem, and the cause of more than half of childhood deaths in children less than 5 years in developing countries. Globally, 20 million children under 5 years of age are severely malnourished according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In Cameroon, the prevalence of SAM remains high and estimated at 1.9% in 2011 and 1.3% in 2014. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology, clinical aspects and outcome of SAM at the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital (YGOPH)...
January 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111238/age-specific-profiles-of-antibody-responses-against-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#6
Nao Jounai, Megumi Yoshioka, Miyuki Tozuka, Kazue Inoue, Tatsuya Oka, Kazuki Miyaji, Katsuyasu Ishida, Naoki Kawai, Hideyuki Ikematsu, Chiaki Kawakami, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Masaaki Mori, Ken J Ishii, Fumihiko Takeshita
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most prevalent causative agents of lower respiratory tract infections worldwide, especially in infants around 3 to 4months old. Infants at such a young age have maternally-transferred passive antibodies against RSV but do not have active immune systems efficient enough for the control of RSV infection. In order to elucidate age-specific profiles of immune responses against RSV protection, antibody responses were examined by using blood samples in both acute and convalescent phases obtained from child patients and adult patients...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104308/-age-distribution-of-acute-respiratory-infections-caused-by-enteroviruses-in-the-child-population
#7
Jordi Reina, María Cabrerizo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096254/factors-predicting-antibiotic-prescription-and-referral-to-hospital-for-children-with-respiratory-symptoms-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-study-at-out-of-hours-services-in-primary-care
#8
Ingrid Keilegavlen Rebnord, Hogne Sandvik, Anders Batman Mjelle, Steinar Hunskaar
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory infections and fever among children are highly prevalent in primary care. It is challenging to distinguish between viral and bacterial infections. Norway has a relatively low prescription rate of antibiotics, but it is still regarded as too high as the antimicrobial resistance is increasing. The aim of the study was to identify predictors for prescribing antibiotics or referral to hospital among children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled study...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076428/does-measles-vaccination-reduce-the-risk-of-acute-respiratory-infection-ari-and-diarrhea-in-children-a-multi-country-study
#9
Rahul Bawankule, Abhishek Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar, Sadanand Shetye
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and diarrhea occur either as complications or secondary infections in measles affected children. So, the integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) by WHO and UNICEF includes measles vaccination as preventive measure in children. The objective of the study is to examine the effect of measles vaccination on Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and diarrhea in children in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. METHODS: We analyzed data from the most recent rounds of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the selected countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056896/healthcare-seeking-behaviour-of-primary-caregivers-for-acute-otitis-media-in-children-aged-6%C3%A2-months-to-30%C3%A2-months-in-panama-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Iris Villarreal, Rosario Turner, Hyejin Jo, Julie Park, Eric Gemmen, Jean-Yves Pirçon, Maria M Castrejon, William P Hausdorff
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common bacterial childhood infection. However, caregivers with children having mild episodes often do not seek healthcare services, which may lead to an under-appreciation of the disease experienced by the community. The objectives of this survey were to estimate the proportion of primary caregivers who went to a healthcare facility when they suspected that their child aged 6 to <30 months was having an AOM episode during the past 6 months and to assess what factors influenced their decision...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044269/under-five-child-mortality-and-morbidity-associated-with-consanguineous-child-marriage-in-pakistan-retrospective-analysis-using-pakistan-demographic-and-health-surveys-1990-91-2006-07-2012-13
#11
Mudasir Mustafa, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Ashraf Chaudhry, Muazzam Nasrullah
Objective To assess the combined effect of consanguineous and child marriages (CCM) on children health, which has not previously been explored, either globally or locally. Methods We analyzed secondary data from a series of cross-sectional, nationally representative Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys 1990-91, 2006-07, and 2012-13. A total of 5406 mothers with 10,164 children were included in the analysis. Child health was assessed by variables such as history of diarrhea, acute respiratory infection (ARI), ARI with fever, Under-5 child mortality (U5CM) and small-size birth (SSB)...
January 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957376/case-report-of-a-child-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-with-acute-aspergillus-tracheobronchitis-as-a-cause-for-respiratory-failure
#12
Stefanie Gauguet, Kate Madden, Jennifer Wu, Christine Duncan, Gi Soo Lee, Tonya Miller, William C Klingensmith, Sandra K Burchett, Meredith van der Velden
Rapid respiratory failure due to invasive mycosis of the airways is an uncommon presentation of Aspergillus infection, even in immunocompromised patients, and very few pediatric cases have been reported. Patients with Aspergillus tracheobronchitis present with nonspecific symptoms, and radiologic studies are often noninformative, leading to a delay in diagnosis. Prompt initiation of adequate antifungal therapies is of utmost importance to improve outcome. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with chronic myelogenous leukemia who developed respiratory distress 41 days after hematopoietic cell transplantation and rapidly deteriorated despite multiple interventions and treatment modalities...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934581/severe-acute-respiratory-infection-caused-by-swine-influenza-virus-in-a-child-necessitating-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-the-netherlands-october-2016
#13
Pieter L A Fraaij, Enno D Wildschut, Robert J Houmes, Corien M Swaan, Christian J Hoebe, H C C de Jonge, Paulien Tolsma, Isme de Kleer, Suzan D Pas, Bas B Oude Munnink, My V T Phan, Theo M Bestebroer, R Shanty Roosenhoff, Jeroen J A van Kampen, Matthew Cotten, Nancy Beerens, Ron A M Fouchier, Johannes H van den Kerkhof, Aura Timen, Marion P Koopmans
In October 2016, a severe infection with swine influenza A(H1N1) virus of the Eurasian avian lineage occurred in a child with a previous history of eczema in the Netherlands, following contact to pigs. The patient's condition deteriorated rapidly and required life support through extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. After start of oseltamivir treatment and removal of mucus plugs, the patient fully recovered. Monitoring of more than 80 close unprotected contacts revealed no secondary cases.
December 1, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931228/internal-living-environment-and-respiratory-disease-in-children-findings-from-the-growing-up-in-new-zealand-longitudinal-child-cohort-study
#14
Sandar Tin Tin, Alistair Woodward, Rajneeta Saraf, Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Susan M B Morton, Cameron C Grant
BACKGROUND: The incidence of early childhood acute respiratory infections (ARIs) has been associated with aspects of the indoor environment. In recent years, public awareness about some of these environmental issues has increased, including new laws and subsequent changes in occupant behaviours. This New Zealand study investigated current exposures to specific risk factors in the home during the first five years of life and provided updated evidence on the links between the home environment and childhood ARI hospitalisation...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915460/zinc-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-pneumonia-in-children-aged-2-months-to-59-months
#15
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than five years of age. Most deaths occur during infancy and in low-income countries. Daily zinc supplements have been reported to prevent acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and reduce child mortality. This is an update of a review first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of zinc supplementation in the prevention of pneumonia in children aged two to 59 months...
December 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886368/written-information-for-patients-or-parents-of-child-patients-to-reduce-the-use-of-antibiotics-for-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-primary-care
#16
REVIEW
Jack W O'Sullivan, Robert T Harvey, Paul P Glasziou, Amanda McCullough
BACKGROUND: Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are frequently managed in primary care settings. Although many are viral, and there is an increasing problem with antibiotic resistance, antibiotics continue to be prescribed for URTIs. Written patient information may be a simple way to reduce antibiotic use for acute URTIs. OBJECTIVES: To assess if written information for patients (or parents of child patients) reduces the use of antibiotics for acute URTIs in primary care...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876743/-the-possibilities-for-the-rational-pharmacotherapy-of-adenoiditis-in-the-children
#17
E P Karpova, D V Kharina
The available literature data give evidence that viral infection is the main cause underlying the development of inflammatory nasopharyngeal pathology in the children. According to ICD-10, nether acute nor chronic adenoiditis should be considered as a self-consistent nosological entity. Acute adenoiditis is usually regarded as a form of acute nasopharyngitis (J02) or acute respiratory viral infection (J06.9) whereas chronic adenoiditis is commonly referred to as representing other chronic diseases of the tonsils and adenoids (J 35...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861238/complementary-feeding-and-diarrhea-and-respiratory-infection-among-hiv-exposed-tanzanian-infants
#18
Pili Kamenju, Enju Liu, Ellen Hertzmark, Donna Spiegelman, Rodrick R Kisenge, Roland Kupka, Said Aboud, Karim Manji, Christopher Duggan, Wafaie W Fawzi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between complementary feeding and risks of diarrhea and acute respiratory infection (ARI) among HIV-exposed infants aged 6-24 months. DESIGN: We prospectively used an Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) to measure complementary feeding practices (breastfeeding status, food consistency, dietary diversity, food group frequency, and meal frequency). We determined the association of ICFI and each of its components with the risk of diarrhea and ARI...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843833/effect-of-mother-infant-pair-s-latch-on-position-on-child-s-health-a-lesson-for-nursing-care
#19
Harshdeep Joshi, Pushpendra Magon, Sunil Raina
BACKGROUND: Effective breastfeeding is a function of the proper positioning of mother and baby and attachment of child to the mother's breast. Positioning of the baby's body is important for good attachment and successful breastfeeding. The study was planned to assess mother-infant pair latch on position and its impact on health status of the child. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was community-based cross-sectional study conducted among 1267 children between age group of 0-24 months in the urban and rural field practice areas of the Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833453/benign-acute-childhood-myositis-complicating-influenza-b-infection-in-a-boy-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#20
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Joanna Przychodzień, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
INTRODUCTION: Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) is an acute complication of an infection characterized by calf pain, limitation of lower limb mobility, an increase in serum creatine kinase, and a self-limiting course. No reports of BACM in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) can be found in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 5-year-old boy with steroid-sensitive INS presented with fever, leg pain, and problems with walking. Physical examination showed pharyngeal erythema, preserved movements in all joints, and weakness of leg muscles...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
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