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Child acute respiratory infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594619/managing-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children
#1
Bruce C Schuster, Clare Hoare, Atanu Mukherjee, Siba Prosad Paul
Respiratory tract infections (RTIs), including community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), bronchiolitis, viral-induced wheeze and croup, account for more primary care consultations than any other illness group and are the most likely reason for a parent or carer to contact a health professional. The majority of RTIs in fully immunised children are usually self-limiting. However, in a small percentage of children RTIs may become life threatening and it is crucial that all front-line health professionals are able to recognise and identify these children who are at risk of deterioration...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580865/the-association-between-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-childhood-respiratory-disease-a-review
#2
A Vanker, R P Gie, H J Zar
Childhood respiratory illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality particularly in low and middle-income countries. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is a recognised risk factor for both acute and chronic respiratory illness. Areas covered: The aim of this paper was to review the epidemiology of ETS exposure and impact on respiratory health in children. We conducted a search of 3 electronic databases of publications on ETS and childhood respiratory illness from 1990-2015. Key findings were that up to 70% of children are exposed to ETS globally, but under-reporting may mask the true prevalence...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543426/predictors-and-pathways-of-language-and-motor-development-in-four-prospective-cohorts-of-young-children-in-ghana-malawi-and-burkina-faso
#3
Elizabeth L Prado, Souheila Abbeddou, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Mary Arimond, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, Jaden Bendabenda, Kenneth H Brown, Sonja Y Hess, Emma Kortekangas, Anna Lartey, Kenneth Maleta, Brietta M Oaks, Eugenia Ocansey, Harriet Okronipa, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Anna Pulakka, Jérôme W Somé, Christine P Stewart, Robert C Stewart, Stephen A Vosti, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Kathryn G Dewey
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews have identified 44 risk factors for poor early child development (ECD) in low- and middle-income countries. Further understanding of their relative influence and pathways is needed to inform the design of interventions targeting ECD. METHODS: We conducted path analyses of factors associated with 18-month language and motor development in four prospective cohorts of children who participated in trials conducted as part of the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS) Project in Ghana (n = 1,023), Malawi (n = 675 and 1,385), and Burkina Faso (n = 1,122)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#4
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539413/unconditional-cash-transfers-do-not-prevent-children-s-undernutrition-in-the-moderate-acute-malnutrition-out-mam-out-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#5
Freddy Houngbe, Audrey Tonguet-Papucci, Chiara Altare, Myriam Ait-Aissa, Jean-François Huneau, Lieven Huybregts, Patrick Kolsteren
Background: Limited evidence is available on the impact that unconditional cash transfer (UCT) programs can have on child nutrition, particularly in West Africa, where child undernutrition is still a public health challenge.Objective: This study examined the impact of a multiannual, seasonal UCT program to reduce the occurrence of wasting (weight-for-height, midupper arm circumference), stunting (height-for-age), and morbidity among children <36 mo old in Tapoa Province, in the eastern region of Burkina Faso...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500864/identification-of-human-bocavirus-type-4-in-a-child-asymptomatic-for-respiratory-tract-infection-and-acute-gastroenteritis-goi%C3%A3-nia-goi%C3%A3-s-brazil
#6
Teresinha Teixeira de Sousa, Tâmera Nunes Vieira Almeida, Fabíola Souza Fiaccadori, Menira Souza, Kareem Rady Badr, Divina das Dôres de Paula Cardoso
Human Bocavirus (HBoV) has been identified from feces and respiratory samples from cases of both acute gastroenteritis and respiratory illness as well as in asymptomatic individuals. The aim of this study was to detect and characterize HBoV from fecal samples collected from hospitalized children aged less than five years old with no symptoms of respiratory tract infection (RTI) or acute gastroenteritis (AGE). The study involved 119 children and one fecal sample was collected from each participant between 2014 and 2015...
May 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490554/feasibility-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-within-consultation-intervention-to-reduce-antibiotic-prescribing-for-children-presenting-to-primary-care-with-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-and-cough
#7
Peter S Blair, Sophie Turnbull, Jenny Ingram, Niamh Redmond, Patricia Jane Lucas, Christie Cabral, Sandra Hollinghurst, Padraig Dixon, Tim Peters, Jeremy Horwood, Paul Little, Nick A Francis, Anna Gilbertson, Catherine Jameson, Alastair D Hay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate recruitment and retention, data collection methods and the acceptability of a 'within-consultation' complex intervention designed to reduce antibiotic prescribing. DESIGN: Primary care feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 32 general practices in South West England recruiting children from October 2014 to April 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Children (aged 3 months to <12 years) with acute cough and respiratory tract infection (RTI)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420349/grey-literature-in-systematic-reviews-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-contribution-of-non-english-reports-unpublished-studies-and-dissertations-to-the-results-of-meta-analyses-in-child-relevant-reviews
#8
Lisa Hartling, Robin Featherstone, Megan Nuspl, Kassi Shave, Donna M Dryden, Ben Vandermeer
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) are an important source of information about healthcare interventions. A key component of a well-conducted SR is a comprehensive literature search. There is limited evidence on the contribution of non-English reports, unpublished studies, and dissertations and their impact on results of meta-analyses. METHODS: Our sample included SRs from three Cochrane Review Groups: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Infectious Diseases (ID), Developmental Psychosocial and Learning Problems (DPLP) (n = 129)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412073/pediatric-acute-flaccid-paralysis-enterovirus-d68-associated-anterior-myelitis
#9
James A Yoder, Michael Lloyd, Luke Zabrocki, Jonathan Auten
BACKGROUND: Enteroviral infections can cause acute flaccid paralysis secondary to anterior myelitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is important in the diagnosis of this potentially devastating pediatric disease. Before the 2014 outbreak of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68), the virus was considered a relatively benign disease. CASE REPORT: A fully immunized 8-year-old boy was brought to the emergency department complaining of a cough, headache, neck pain, and right arm pain and weakness...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409830/magnesium-for-treating-sickle-cell-disease
#10
REVIEW
Nan Nitra Than, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Senthil K Palaniappan, Adinegara Bl Abas, Lucia De Franceschi
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is an autosomal recessive inherited haemoglobinopathy which causes painful vaso-occlusive crises due to sickle red blood cell dehydration. Vaso-occlusive crises are common painful events responsible for a variety of clinical complications; overall mortality is increased and life expectancy decreased compared to the general population. Experimental studies suggest that intravenous magnesium has proven to be well-tolerated in individuals hospitalised for the immediate relief of acute (sudden onset) painful crisis and has the potential to decrease the length of hospital stay...
April 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408931/drug-induced-pneumonitis-secondary-to-treatment-with-paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-and-dasabuvir-viekira-pak%C3%A2-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-case-report-of-an-unexpected-life-threatening-adverse-reaction
#11
Shih Yea Sylvia Wu, Bridget Faire, Edward Gane
VIEKIRA PAK (ritonavir-boosted paritaprevir/ombitasvir and dasabuvir) is an approved treatment for compensated patients with genotype 1 (GT1) chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This oral regimen has minimal adverse effects and is well tolerated. Cure rates are 97% in patients infected with HCV GT 1a and 99% in those with HCV GT 1b. We report the first case of life-threatening allergic pneumonitis associated with VIEKIRA PAK. This unexpected serious adverse event occurred in a 68-year-old Chinese female with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C and Child-Pugh A cirrhosis...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351976/comparing-nonpharmaceutical-interventions-for-containing-emerging-epidemics
#12
Corey M Peak, Lauren M Childs, Yonatan H Grad, Caroline O Buckee
Strategies for containing an emerging infectious disease outbreak must be nonpharmaceutical when drugs or vaccines for the pathogen do not yet exist or are unavailable. The success of these nonpharmaceutical strategies will depend on not only the effectiveness of isolation measures but also the epidemiological characteristics of the infection. However, there is currently no systematic framework to assess the relationship between different containment strategies and the natural history and epidemiological dynamics of the pathogen...
April 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302593/outcomes-in-child-health-exploring-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#13
Michele P Dyson, Kassi Shave, Ricardo M Fernandes, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of technology and its improved accessibility globally, social media is gaining an increasingly important role in health care. Patients are frequently engaging with social media to access information, share content, and interact with others in online health communities. However, the use of social media as a stakeholder engagement strategy has been minimally explored, and effective methods for involving participants in research on the identification of patient-centered outcomes remain unknown...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259853/effectiveness-of-a-cough-management-algorithm-at-the-transitional-phase-from-acute-to-chronic-cough-in-australian-children-aged-15%C3%A2-years-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Keith Grimwood, Maree Toombs, Theo P Sloots, Michael Otim, David Whiley, Jennie Anderson, Sheree Rablin, Paul J Torzillo, Helen Buntain, Anne Connor, Don Adsett, Oon Meng Kar, Anne B Chang
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in Australian children and, if recurrent, are associated with increased risk of chronic pulmonary disorders later in life. Chronic (>4 weeks) cough in children following ARI is associated with decreased quality-of-life scores and increased health and societal economic costs. We will determine whether a validated evidence-based cough algorithm, initiated when chronic cough is first diagnosed after presentation with ARI, improves clinical outcomes in children compared with usual care...
March 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250511/implementation-research-on-community-health-workers-provision-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-rural-liberia
#15
Peter W Luckow, Avi Kenny, Emily White, Madeleine Ballard, Lorenzo Dorr, Kirby Erlandson, Benjamin Grant, Alice Johnson, Breanna Lorenzen, Subarna Mukherjee, E John Ly, Abigail McDaniel, Netus Nowine, Vidiya Sathananthan, Gerald A Sechler, John D Kraemer, Mark J Siedner, Rajesh Panjabi
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the use of essential maternal and child health services in Konobo, Liberia, after implementation of an enhanced community health worker (CHW) programme. METHODS: The Liberian Ministry of Health partnered with Last Mile Health, a nongovernmental organization, to implement a pilot CHW programme with enhanced recruitment, training, supervision and compensation. To assess changes in maternal and child health-care use, we conducted repeated cross-sectional cluster surveys before (2012) and after (2015) programme implementation...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167594/incidences-and-costs-of-illness-for-diarrhea-and-acute-respiratory-infections-for-children-5-years-of-age-in-rural-bangladesh
#16
Amal K Halder, Stephen P Luby, Shamima Akhter, Probir K Ghosh, Richard B Johnston, Leanne Unicomb
AbstractUnderstanding illness costs associated with diarrhea and acute respiratory infections (ARI) could guide prevention and treatment strategies. This study aimed to determine incidence of childhood diarrhea and ARI and costs of homecare, hospitalization, and outpatient treatment by practitioner type in rural Bangladesh. From each of 100 randomly selected population clusters we sampled 17 households with at least one child < 5 years of age. Childhood diarrhea incidence was 3,451 and ARI incidence was 5,849/1,000 child-years...
April 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164028/the-clinical-spectrum-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-in-cameroon-a-hospital-based-study-in-yaounde-cameroon
#17
Andreas Chiabi, Berthe Malangue, Seraphin Nguefack, Félicitée Nguefack Dongmo, Florence Fru, Virginie Takou, Fru Angwafo
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major health problem, and the cause of more than half of childhood deaths in children less than 5 years in developing countries. Globally, 20 million children under 5 years of age are severely malnourished according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In Cameroon, the prevalence of SAM remains high and estimated at 1.9% in 2011 and 1.3% in 2014. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology, clinical aspects and outcome of SAM at the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital (YGOPH)...
January 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111238/age-specific-profiles-of-antibody-responses-against-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#18
Nao Jounai, Megumi Yoshioka, Miyuki Tozuka, Kazue Inoue, Tatsuya Oka, Kazuki Miyaji, Katsuyasu Ishida, Naoki Kawai, Hideyuki Ikematsu, Chiaki Kawakami, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Masaaki Mori, Ken J Ishii, Fumihiko Takeshita
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most prevalent causative agents of lower respiratory tract infections worldwide, especially in infants around 3 to 4months old. Infants at such a young age have maternally-transferred passive antibodies against RSV but do not have active immune systems efficient enough for the control of RSV infection. In order to elucidate age-specific profiles of immune responses against RSV protection, antibody responses were examined by using blood samples in both acute and convalescent phases obtained from child patients and adult patients...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104308/-age-distribution-of-acute-respiratory-infections-caused-by-enteroviruses-in-the-child-population
#19
Jordi Reina, María Cabrerizo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096254/factors-predicting-antibiotic-prescription-and-referral-to-hospital-for-children-with-respiratory-symptoms-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-study-at-out-of-hours-services-in-primary-care
#20
Ingrid Keilegavlen Rebnord, Hogne Sandvik, Anders Batman Mjelle, Steinar Hunskaar
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory infections and fever among children are highly prevalent in primary care. It is challenging to distinguish between viral and bacterial infections. Norway has a relatively low prescription rate of antibiotics, but it is still regarded as too high as the antimicrobial resistance is increasing. The aim of the study was to identify predictors for prescribing antibiotics or referral to hospital among children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled study...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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