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Child acute respiratory infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330009/the-almanach-project-preliminary-results-and-potentiality-from-afghanistan
#1
A Bernasconi, F Crabbé, R Rossi, I Qani, A Vanobberghen, M Raab, S Du Mortier
INTRODUCTION: ALMANACH (ALgorithms for the MANagement of Acute CHildhood illnesses) is an electronic version of IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood Illness) running on tablets. ALMANACH enhances its concept, it integrates well into health staff's daily consultation work and facilitates diagnosis and treatment. ALMANACH informs when to refer a child or to perform a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), recommends the right treatment dosage and synchronizes collected data real time with a Health Management Information System (DHIS2) for epidemiological evaluation and decision making...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315693/nacseld-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-nacseld-aclf-score-predicts-30-day-survival-in-hospitalized-patients-with-cirrhosis
#2
Jacqueline G O'Leary, K Rajender Reddy, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Scott W Biggins, Florence Wong, Michael B Fallon, Ram M Subramanian, Patrick S Kamath, Paul Thuluvath, Hugo E Vargas, Benedict Maliakkal, Puneeta Tandon, Jennifer Lai, Leroy R Thacker, Jasmohan S Bajaj
NACSELD (North American Consortium for the Study of End-Stage Liver Disease) definition of acute-on-chronic liver failure (NACSELD-ACLF) as ≥2 extra-hepatic organ failures has been proposed as a simple bedside tool to assess risk of mortality in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis. We validated NACSELD-ACLF's ability to predict 30-day survival (defined as in-hospital death or hospice discharge) in a separate multicenter prospectively enrolled cohort of both infected and uninfected hospitalized patients with cirrhosis...
January 8, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302319/the-burden-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-associated-acute-lower-respiratory-infections-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Markus Chan, John J Park, Ting Shi, Federico Martinón-Torres, Louis Bont, Harish Nair
Background: Acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRIs) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are a leading cause of hospitalization in infants. Numerous risk factors have been identified in the aetiology of severe RSV-associated ALRI necessitating hospitalisation, including prematurity and congenital heart disease. Down syndrome (DS), a common genetic disorder associated with congenital and dysmorphic features, has recently been identified as an independent risk factor for RSV-associated ALRI requiring hospitalisation; however, the disease burden of RSV-associated ALRI in this population has not yet been established...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276873/a-case-report-of-a-4-year-old-child-with-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-an-evidence-based-approach-to-nutritional-management
#4
Alex Pinto, Anita MacDonald, Esmeralda Cleto, Manuela Ferreira Almeida, Paula Cristina Ramos, Júlio César Rocha
Pinto A, MacDonald A, Cleto E, Almeida MF, Ramos PC, Rocha JC. A case report of a 4-year-old child with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: An evidence based approach to nutritional management. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 189-192. The objective was to describe the nutritional management of a 4-year-old child with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. A 4-year-old male child, African descent, born from non-consanguineous parents presented with a clinical history of frequent respiratory infections, usually treated with antibiotics...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261680/determinants-of-stunting-among-children-aged-6-59-months-at-kindo-didaye-woreda-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study
#5
Bancha Batiro, Tsegaye Demissie, Yoseph Halala, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Stunting is a well-established risk marker of poor child development. Globally in 2017, 155 million children under 5 were estimated to be stunted. While different activities are being done to reduce the burden of stunted growth, the problem is overwhelming in Africa; it was increased by 24%. Therefore, identifying determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 would help to set priorities for action and to the design of stunting reduction plan at a grassroots level. METHODS: The unmatched case-control study was conducted in randomly selected 8 rural kebeles of Kindo Didaye woreda, Ethiopia from February to April, 2016 to identify the determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260224/association-of-broad-vs-narrow-spectrum-antibiotics-with-treatment-failure-adverse-events-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-acute-respiratory-tract-infections
#6
Jeffrey S Gerber, Rachael K Ross, Matthew Bryan, A Russell Localio, Julia E Szymczak, Richard Wasserman, Darlene Barkman, Folasade Odeniyi, Kathryn Conaboy, Louis Bell, Theoklis E Zaoutis, Alexander G Fiks
Importance: Acute respiratory tract infections account for the majority of antibiotic exposure in children, and broad-spectrum antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections is increasing. It is not clear whether broad-spectrum treatment is associated with improved outcomes compared with narrow-spectrum treatment. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of broad-spectrum and narrow-spectrum antibiotic treatment for acute respiratory tract infections in children...
December 19, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247097/which-outcomes-are-important-to-patients-and-families-who-have-experienced-paediatric-acute-respiratory-illness-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-sequential-exploratory-study
#7
Michele P Dyson, Kassi Shave, Allison Gates, Ricardo M Fernandes, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
OBJECTIVES: To identify the outcome priorities of parents of children who had experienced an acute respiratory infection (ARI). DESIGN: This was a two-phase, mixed methods study with a sequential exploratory design. We used a cross-sectional quantitative web-based survey to elicit parents' priorities for paediatric ARI. We then used a discussion moderated via Facebook to elucidate richer descriptions of parents' priorities. SETTING: Survey and discussion data were collected via the internet...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247051/viruses-causing-lower-respiratory-symptoms-in-young-children-findings-from-the-orchid-birth-cohort
#8
Mohinder Sarna, Stephen B Lambert, Theo P Sloots, David M Whiley, Asma Alsaleh, Lebogang Mhango, Seweryn Bialasiewicz, David Wang, Michael D Nissen, Keith Grimwood, Robert S Ware
INTRODUCTION: Viral acute respiratory infections (ARIs) cause substantial child morbidity. Sensitive molecular-based assays aid virus detection, but the clinical significance of positive tests remains uncertain as some viruses may be found in both acutely ill and healthy children. We describe disease-pathogen associations of respiratory viruses and quantify virus-specific attributable risk of ARIs in healthy children during the first 2 years of life. METHODS: One hundred fifty-eight term newborn babies in Brisbane, Australia, were recruited progressively into a longitudinal, community-based, birth cohort study conducted between September 2010 and October 2014...
December 15, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241064/kitchen-pm2-5-concentrations-and-child-acute-lower-respiratory-infection-in-bhaktapur-nepal-the-importance-of-fuel-type
#9
Michael N Bates, Amod K Pokhrel, Ram K Chandyo, Palle Valentiner-Branth, Maria Mathisen, Sudha Basnet, Tor A Strand, Richard T Burnett, Kirk R Smith
BACKGROUND: Globally, solid fuels are used by about 3 billion people for cooking and a smaller number use kerosene. These fuels have been associated with acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in children. Previous work in Bhaktapur, Nepal, showed comparable relationships of biomass and kerosene cooking fuels with ALRI in young children, compared to those using electricity for cooking. We examine the relationship of kitchen PM2.5 concentrations to ALRI in those households. METHODS: ALRI cases and age-matched controls were enrolled from a cohort of children 2-35 months old...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224659/bronchial-artery-embolization-for-the-treatment-of-acute-hemoptysis
#10
M Cody O'Dell, Anne E Gill, C Matthew Hawkins
Massive hemoptysis is a life-threatening condition often defined as coughing up 300-600mL of blood in 24 hours in an adult, or >8mL/kg in 24 hours in a child. Although the definition is controversial, one should view massive hemoptysis as any volume of expectorated blood that can cause respiratory failure. This is because mortality in the setting of hemoptysis is usually associated with asphyxiation, rather than exsanguination. Massive hemoptysis accounts for only about 5% of cases of hemoptysis, but when treated conservatively, has a reported mortality rate between 50% and 85%...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221912/variable-clinical-phenotype-in-two-siblings-with-aicardi-gouti%C3%A3-res-syndrome-type-6-and-a-novel-mutation-in-the-adar-gene
#11
Lisa Schmelzer, Martin Smitka, Christine Wolf, Nadja Lucas, Victoria Tüngler, Gabriele Hahn, Andreas Tzschach, Nataliya Di Donato, Min Ae Lee-Kirsch, Maja von der Hagen
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is a hereditary inflammatory encephalopathy resulting in severe neurological damage in the majority of cases. We report on two siblings with AGS6 due to compound heterozygosity for a known and a novel mutation in the ADAR gene and a strikingly variable phenotype. The first sibling presented at 12 months of age with a subacute encephalopathy following a mild respiratory infection. The child developed a spastic tetraparesis, generalized dystonia and dysarthria. In contrast, the younger sibling presented with an acute episode of neurological impairment in his third year of life, from which he recovered without sequelae within a few weeks...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144416/environmental-risks-associated-with-symptoms-of-acute-respiratory-infection-among-preschool-children-in-north-western-and-south-southern-nigeria-communities
#12
Oluwafunmilade A Adesanya, Chi Chiao
The exposure-disease-stress model places young children in their physical and social contexts and considers the extent and intensity of associational links to symptoms of acute respiratory infection (ARI), taking in to account a range of biological, social, and environment components. This study uses the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey to assess the individual and environmental risks present in the North-Western and South-Southern Nigerian communities and examines their associations with ARI symptoms...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112737/estimation-of-burden-of-influenza-among-under-five-children-in-india-a-meta-analysis
#13
Debjani Ram Purakayastha, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Sobha Broor, Anand Krishnan
Background: We estimated the burden of influenza-related acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) among under-fives in India through meta-analysis. Methodology: We estimated pooled incidence and proportional positivity of laboratory-diagnosed influenza among under-fives using data from observational studies published from 1 January 1961 to 31 December 2016. Death due to influenza was estimated using a multiplier model. Results: Influenza-associated ARI incidence was estimated as 132 per 1000 child-years (115-149)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091168/individual-and-climate-factors-associated-with-acute-respiratory-infection-in-colombian-children
#14
Luz Mery Cárdenas-Cárdenas, Carlos Andrés Castañeda-Orjuela, Pablo Chaparro-Narváez, Fernando De la Hoz-Restrepo
The objective of this study was to examine the association between acute respiratory infection recall (ARI-recall) and individual and environmental factors such as climate, precipitation, and altitude above sea level in Colombian children. A secondary analysis of 11,483 Colombian children, whose mothers were interviewed in the 2010 National Demographic and Health Survey, was carried out. The outcome variable was the mother's or caregiver's ARI-recall. The independent variables were expressed at individual, cluster, and municipal levels...
October 26, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062709/encapsulated-pleural-effusion-due-to-haemophilus-influenzae-biotype-ii-in-a-child-with-trisomy-21-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Masanori Kaneko, Yuki Bando, Tomohiro Fujita, Yoneji Hirose, Eisuke Suganuma, Masahiro Ishii, Takashi Takahashi
Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) can colonize in the upper respiratory tract and cause severe pulmonary infections, especially among immunocompromised children. Herein, we report a case of left encapsulated pleural effusion (EPE) due to Hi in a 24-month-old girl with trisomy 21. She was already vaccinated against Hi type b. The Hi biotype II was isolated from both the blood and aspirated sputum obtained upon admission. Ampicillin/sulbactam 180 mg/kg/day was administered intravenously for 34 days with oxygen supplementation for 4 days...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046200/-readmission-of-children-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-the-first-2-years-of-life-a-clinical-analysis-of-121-cases
#16
Jing-Yi You, Chang Shu, Cai-Hui Gong, Sha Liu, Zhou Fu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of readmitted children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in the first 2 years of life. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 242 children with BPD who were readmitted due to recurrent lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in the first 2 years of life. RESULTS: Among all the 242 children with BPD, 115(47.5%) had wheezing, and the children aged 1-2 years had a significantly higher incidence rate of wheezing than those aged less than 1 year (P<0...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045661/factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-children-5-years-old-in-burkina-faso-evidence-from-the-demographic-and-health-surveys-iv-2010
#17
Ghislain G Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Objective: To assess the factors associated with malnutrition among children <5 years in Burkina Faso. Design: This study was based on secondary analysis of cross-sectional population-based data from Burkina-Faso Demographic Health Surveys 2010. Setting: This study was carried out in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Participants: The participants were 6337 children <5 years and their mothers. Main outcome measures: Demographic characteristics, child nutrition and health status, and maternal and household information were collected...
October 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992328/what-parents-think-about-the-risks-and-benefits-of-antibiotics-for-their-child-s-acute-respiratory-tract-infection
#18
Julia E Szymczak, Sarah B Klieger, Matthew Miller, Alexander G Fiks, Jeffrey S Gerber
Background: Parental pressure is often cited as a reason for why pediatricians overuse antibiotics for children with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI). We sought to capture parent perceptions of antibiotics at the time of their child's presentation with an ARTI. Methods: We conducted semistructured interviews with parents of children who presented with ARTI symptoms to 1 of 4 diverse practices in a large hospital-affiliated network of pediatric primary care practices...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978716/immunization-antibiotic-use-and-pneumococcal-colonization-over-a-15-year-period
#19
Grace M Lee, Ken Kleinman, Stephen Pelton, Marc Lipsitch, Susan S Huang, Matt Lakoma, Maya Dutta-Linn, Melisa Rett, William P Hanage, Jonathan A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Rates of invasive pneumococcal disease have declined since widespread introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) in the United States. We evaluated the impact of immunization status and recent antibiotic use on an individual child's risk of colonization. METHODS: This study extends previously reported data from children <7 years of age seen for well child or acute care visits in Massachusetts communities. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected during 6 surveillance seasons from 2000 to 2014...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973120/costing-essential-services-package-provided-by-a-non-governmental-organization-network-in-bangladesh
#20
Wu Zeng, Yara A Halasa, Marion Cros, Halida Akhter, Allyala Krishna Nandakumar, Donald S Shepard
The health profile of Bangladesh has improved remarkably, yet gaps in delivering quality health care remain. In response to the need for evidence to quantify resources for providing health services in Bangladesh, this study estimates unit costs of providing the essential services package (ESP) in the not-for-profit sector. This study used a stratified sampling approach to select 18 static clinics, which had fixed facilities, from 330 non-profit clinics under Smiling Sun network in Bangladesh. Costs were estimated from the providers' perspective, using both top-down and bottom-up methods, from July 2014 to June 2015...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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