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liver disease physician

Jan Steffel, Peter Verhamme, Tatjana S Potpara, Pierre Albaladejo, Matthias Antz, Lien Desteghe, Karl Georg Haeusler, Jonas Oldgren, Holger Reinecke, Vanessa Roldan-Schilling, Nigel Rowell, Peter Sinnaeve, Ronan Collins, A John Camm, Hein Heidbüchel
The current manuscript is the Executive Summary of the second update to the original Practical Guide, published in 2013. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and have emerged as the preferred choice, particularly in patients newly started on anticoagulation. Both physicians and patients are becoming more accustomed to the use of these drugs in clinical practice. However, many unresolved questions on how to optimally use these agents in specific clinical situations remain...
March 19, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Jan Steffel, Peter Verhamme, Tatjana S Potpara, Pierre Albaladejo, Matthias Antz, Lien Desteghe, Karl Georg Haeusler, Jonas Oldgren, Holger Reinecke, Vanessa Roldan-Schilling, Nigel Rowell, Peter Sinnaeve, Ronan Collins, A John Camm, Hein Heidbüchel
The current manuscript is the second update of the original Practical Guide, published in 2013 [Heidbuchel et al. European Heart Rhythm Association Practical Guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Europace 2013;15:625-651; Heidbuchel et al. Updated European Heart Rhythm Association Practical Guide on the use of non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Europace 2015;17:1467-1507]. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and have emerged as the preferred choice, particularly in patients newly started on anticoagulation...
March 17, 2018: European Heart Journal
A C Jemilohun, O G Adewoye
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare cause of chronic liver disease (CLD). It presents with varied clinical features from acute hepatitis to CLDs like chronic viral hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease, making it difficult to diagnose in the absence of a high index of suspicion and adequate laboratory support. Autoantibody-mediated hepatocyte injury is the major feature of AIH. We present a 44 year old woman with recurrent jaundice, ascites, splenomegaly, coagulopathy, negative chronic viral hepatitis screening, elevated IgG and positive anti-smooth muscle antibody...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Narjeet S Khurmi, Yu-Hui Chang, D Eric Steidley, Andrew L Singer, Winston R Hewitt, Kunam S Reddy, Adyr A Moss, Amit K Mathur
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of post-liver transplant death, and variable care patterns may affect outcomes. We aimed to describe epidemiology and outcomes of inpatient CVD care across U.S. hospitals. METHODS: Using a merged dataset from the 2002-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample and the American Hospital Association Annual Survey, we evaluated liver transplant patients admitted primarily with myocardial infarction (MI), stroke (CVA), congestive heart failure (CHF), dysrhythmias, cardiac arrest (CA), or malignant hypertension...
March 15, 2018: Liver Transplantation
Lisa B VanWagner, Fasiha Kanwal
With the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) followed by the physician payment reform, there is an urgent need to better understand the complex relationships between structure (including incentives), processes, and outcomes of health care and, based on this understanding, identify interventions that can ensure delivery of high value care to patients with liver disease. As hepatologists, how do we systematically address these issues and ensure that we provide high-value care to our patients? These factors combine in the burgeoning field of health services research...
March 14, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
James M West
Anesthesiologists have clearly established their place in the history of medical ethics. Our involvement goes back to 1966 when Henri Beecher published his landmark paper on research and informed consent. Participation in the ethics of transplantation is no less important than our previous work. Organ transplant has been life saving for many but also has given rise to many misunderstandings not just from the public but also among our own colleagues. These include methods of allocation and donation, the role that affluence may play in receiving an organ, the definition of death and donation after circulatory death...
March 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Z Hashemizadeh, S A Malek-Hosseini, P Badiee
Background: Patients with hepatic diseases are treated with numerous drugs metabolized by cytochrome P450. Objective: To evaluate the frequencies of CYP2C19 variant alleles (*2, *3, and *17), genotypes, and phenotypes, and the relationship between the frequency of these alleles and the underlying hepatic diseases among patients with advanced liver diseases who were candidates for liver transplantation. Methods: The Study was conducted on 120 patients suffering from various hepatic disorders, candidates for liver transplantation, and 52 healthy volunteers...
2018: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
Frank Ursin, Florian Steger
INTRODUCTION:  Gallstones are rarely mentioned in the medical texts of antiquity. The physician, Alexander of Tralles mentions-for the first time-stones in the gallbladder as a possible cause for obstructive jaundice. This designation is found in his textbook on medicine under the heading "obstruction of the liver". Based on that observation, we describe the ancient history of hepatic obstruction and investigate the connection with the rare reference of gallstones in the medical texts of antiquity...
March 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
E Bernichon, E Daguenet, C Molla, J Cornillon, C Lejeune, F Casteillo, D Guyotat, E Tavernier
AIM: SOS/VOD is a relevant clinical syndrome that usually appears early after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The purpose of this article was to report a case series of SOS/VOD in non-susceptible patients and draw physicians' attention to the plausible relationship between liver injury and oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, preceding autologous transplantation. METHODS: In this study, we report a case series of SOS/VOD in 4 lymphoma patients following autologous transplantation...
March 5, 2018: Current Research in Translational Medicine
Naïk Vietti Violi, Rafael Duran, Boris Guiu, Jean-Pierre Cercueil, Christophe Aubé, Antonia Digklia, Isabelle Pache, Pierre Deltenre, Jean-François Knebel, Alban Denys
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation is the recommended treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have lesions smaller than 3 cm and are therefore not candidates for surgery. Microwave ablation is a more recent technique with certain theoretical advantages that have not yet been confirmed clinically. We aimed to compare the efficacy of both techniques in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma lesions of 4 cm or smaller. METHODS: We did a randomised controlled, single-blinded phase 2 trial at four tertiary university centres in France and Switzerland...
March 1, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Tchernev
BACKGROUND: Porokeratosis is characterised by one or more atrophic patches surrounded by a distinctive peripheral keratotic ridge, typically found on sun-exposed areas, with several clinical variants and typical histological findings. Despite ultraviolet radiation, varies antibody - related autoimmune disease treated with systemic steroids and other immunosuppressive conditions such as chronic liver disease, HIV and organ transplantations have been implicated in its etiopathology. CASE REPORT: We present a case of porokeratosis, associated with idiopathic thrombocytopenia in 74 - year old, otherwise healthy male patient, as we discuss the previously reported associated disorders...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Eberhard Lurz, Claudia Quammie, Michael Englesbe, Estella M Alonso, Henry C Lin, Evelyn K Hsu, Katryn N Furuya, Nitika A Gupta, Veena L Venkat, James F Daniel, Mike A Leonis, Tamir Miloh, Grzegorz W Telega, Jason Yap, Jerome Menendez, Linda S Book, Ryan W Himes, Shikha S Sundaram, Rulan Parekh, Chris Sonnenday, John Bucuvalas, Vicky L Ng, Binita M Kamath
OBJECTIVE: To assess frailty, a measure of physiologic declines in multiple organ systems, in children with chronic liver disease using a novel pediatric frailty tool. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective cross-sectional multicenter study at 17 liver transplantation (LT) centers. 71 children (5-17 years of age), 36 with compensated chronic liver disease (CCLD) and 35 with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and listed for LT, were assessed for frailty using validated pediatric tools to assess the 5 classic Fried Frailty Criteria-slowness, weakness, exhaustion, diminished physical activity, and shrinkage...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Gábor Horváth, Zsuzsanna Gerlei, Judit Gervain, Gabriella Lengyel, Mihály Makara, Alajos Pár, László Rókusz, Ferenc Szalay, István Tornai, Klára Werling, Béla Hunyady
Diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis D virus infection mean for the patient to be able to maintain working capacity, to increase quality of life, to prevent cancer, and to prolong life expectancy, while the society benefits from eliminating the chances of further transmission of the viruses, and decreasing the overall costs of serious complications. The guideline delineates the treatment algorithms from 22 September 2017 set by a consensus meeting of physicians involved in the treatment of these diseases...
February 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Béla Hunyady, Zsuzsanna Gerlei, Judit Gervain, Gábor Horváth, Gabriella Lengyel, Alajos Pár, Zoltán Péter, László Rókusz, Ferenc Schneider, Ferenc Szalay, István Tornai, Klára Werling, Mihály Makara
The treatment of hepatitis C is based on a national consensus guideline updated six-monthly according to local availability and affordability of approved therapies through a transparent allocation system in Hungary. This updated guideline incorporates some special new aspects, including recommendations for screening, diagnostics, use and allocation of novel direct acting antiviral agents. The indication of therapy in patients with no contraindication is based on the demonstration of viral replication with consequent inflammation and/or fibrosis in the liver...
February 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Frédéric Lapostolle, Virginie Siguret, Anne-Céline Martin, Claire Pailleret, Bernard Vigué, Yves Zerbib, Karim Tazarourte
The recent emergence of 'non-VKA' oral anticoagulants may have led to some forgetting that vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are by far the most widely prescribed oral anticoagulants worldwide. Consequently, we decided to summarize the information available on them. This paper presents the problems facing emergency physicians confronted with patients on VKAs in 10 points, from pharmacological data to emergency management. Vitamin K antagonists remain preferable in many situations including in the elderly, in patients with extreme body weights, severe chronic kidney or liver disease or valvular heart disease, and in patients taking VKAs with well-controlled international normalized ratios (INRs)...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Shahid Husain
Since ancient times, opioids have been used clinically and abused recreationally. In the early stages (about 1,000 AD) of opium history, an Arab physician, Avicenna, administered opioids to control diarrhea and eye diseases. 1 Opioids have very strong pain relieving properties and they also regulate numerous cellular responses. Opioid receptors are expressed throughout the body, including the nervous system, heart, lungs, liver, gastrointestinal tract, and retina. 2-6 Delta opioid receptors (DORs) are a very attractive target from the perspective of both receptor function and their therapeutic potential...
January 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Jinzhou Zhu, Mingqing He, Yong Zhang, Tingxin Li, Yuping Liu, Zhiye Xu, Weichang Chen
Various noninvasive algorithms have been developed for predicting the presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The evaluation of the indexes' diagnostic performance has been reported in Europe and Asia over the past decade; however, external validation of them in China is rare. This study was aimed to evaluate various indexes for NAFLD in western China. It was a retrospective cross-sectional study, using data from a large-scale health check-up project at Sichuan provincial hospital. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of eight indexes, including the fatty liver index (FLI), the hepatic steatosis index, lipid accumulation product and etc...
February 9, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Erin K Spengler, Lawrence G Hunsicker, Sanam Zarei, M Bridget Zimmerman, Michael D Voigt
Physicians often exclude patients with a model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score ≥ 18 from a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure due to the concern for higher risk of death. We aimed to determine if TIPS increased the risk of death in these patients. We analyzed the interaction between TIPS and MELD in 106 patients with TIPS and 79 with intractable ascites without TIPS. We performed Cox proportional hazard regression, including both TIPS and MELD as time-dependent covariates together with their interaction, to calculate the impact of TIPS on the risk of death associated with a high MELD score...
July 2017: Hepatology communications
Keiko Hayashi, Mina Waraya, Takeyoshi Habiro, Satoshi Hosoya, Kouich Yamamoto, Norihiko Sengoku, Kazushige Hayakawa, Madoka Inukai, Masahiko Watanabe
The patient was a 51-year-old woman with a mass in the left breast.At the first presentation, she had abdominal distension and liver dysfunction.Mammography showed a category 5 mass in the left breast and a category 4, unstructured region in the right breast.Pathological examination revealed bilateral, invasive ductal carcinomas.Stage II B disease(clinical T2N1M0)was diagnosed in the left breast, and Stage I disease(clinical T1N0M0)was diagnosed in the right breast.Computed tomography revealed a massive uterine myoma compressing the inferior vena cava...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sajida Perveen, Muhammad Shahbaz, Karim Keshavjee, Aziz Guergachi
Prevention and diagnosis of NAFLD is an ongoing area of interest in the healthcare community. Screening is complicated by the fact that the accuracy of noninvasive testing lacks specificity and sensitivity to make and stage the diagnosis. Currently no non-invasive ATP III criteria based prediction method is available to diagnose NAFLD risk. Firstly, the objective of this research is to develop machine learning based method in order to identify individuals at an increased risk of developing NAFLD using risk factors of ATP III clinical criteria updated in 2005 for Metabolic Syndrome (MetS)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
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