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hypertension randomized controlled trial 2016

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904156/effects-of-calcium-channel-blocker-benidipine-based-combination-therapy-on-target-blood-pressure-control-and-cardiovascular-outcome-a-sub-analysis-of-the-cope-trial
#1
Seiji Umemoto, Toshio Ogihara, Masunori Matsuzaki, Hiromi Rakugi, Yasuo Ohashi, Takao Saruta
We compared three benidipine-based regimens-that is, benidipine plus angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), β-blocker (BB) or thiazide-and found that the benidipine-BB combination was less beneficial in reducing the risk of stroke than the benidipine-thiazide combination. This sub-analysis sought to compare the effects of reaching a target blood pressure (BP) (<140/90 mm Hg) on the cardiovascular outcomes among the three benidipine-based treatment groups in the Combination Therapy of Hypertension to Prevent Cardiovascular Events trial...
December 1, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881110/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Swarna Gaddam, Sameer K Gunukula, James W Lohr, Pradeep Arora
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) continue to rise worldwide. Increasing age, diabetes, hypertension, and cigarette smoking are well-recognized risk factors for CKD. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation leading to airway obstruction and parenchymal lung destruction. Due to some of the common pathogenic mechanisms, COPD has been associated with increased prevalence of CKD. METHODS: Systematic review of medical literature reporting the incidence and prevalence of CKD in patients with COPD using the Cochrane Collaboration Methodology, and conduct meta-analysis to study the cumulative effect of the eligible studies...
November 24, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855099/cluster-randomised-feasibility-trial-to-improve-the-control-of-hypertension-in-rural-india-chiri-a-study-protocol
#4
Michaela A Riddell, Rohina Joshi, Brian Oldenburg, Clara Chow, K R Thankappan, Ajay Mahal, Nihal Thomas, Velandai K Srikanth, Roger G Evans, Kartik Kalyanram, Kamakshi Kartik, Pallab K Maulik, Simin Arabshahi, R P Varma, Rama K Guggilla, Oduru Suresh, G K Mini, Fabrizio D'Esposito, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Mohammed Alim, Amanda G Thrift
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is emerging in rural populations of India. Barriers to diagnosis and treatment of hypertension may differ regionally according to economic development. Our main objectives are to estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in 3 diverse regions of rural India; identify barriers to diagnosis and treatment in each setting and evaluate the feasibility of a community-based intervention to improve control of hypertension. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study includes 4 main activities: (1) assessment of risk factors, quality of life, socioeconomic position and barriers to changes in lifestyle behaviours in ∼14 500 participants; (2) focus group discussions with individuals with hypertension and indepth interviews with healthcare providers, to identify barriers to control of hypertension; (3) use of a medicines-availability survey to determine the availability, affordability and accessibility of medicines and (4) trial of an intervention provided by Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), comprising group-based education and support for individuals with hypertension to self-manage blood pressure...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769282/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-the-bpmap-blood-pressure-management-application-and-usual-care-in-self-management-of-primary-hypertension-and-adherence-to-treatment-in-patients-aged-30-60-years-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mahnaz Ashoorkhani, Ali Bozorgi, Reza Majdzadeh, Hamed Hosseini, Ali Yoonessi, Ali Ramezankhani, Hassan Eftekhar
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most important and well-known risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, in spite of effective treatments, adherence to the regular use of drugs and other nondrug treatments, such as lifestyle improvement, is often poor. This study evaluates the effectiveness of an educational, supportive intervention - in the form of a Blood Pressure Management Application (BPMAP) - on self-management in patients with primary hypertension on controlling the determinant factors of hypertension, and on adherence to treatment...
October 21, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754167/sy-12-3-are-ras-inhibitors-necessary-for-all-patients-with-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Shokei Kim-Mitsuyama
There is accumulating evidence that RAS inhibitors not only reduce blood pressure, but also exert pleiotropic effects, including a renoprotective effect, amelioration of insulin resistance, reduction in onset of diabetes, and suppression of cardiovascular remodelling,. However, the definite benefit of RAS inhibition in treatment of hypertension with CKD or DM is not conclusive. We previously performed the OlmeSartan and Calcium Antagonists Randomized (OSCAR) study comparing the preventive effect of high-dose ARB therapy versus ARB plus CCB combination therapy on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in 1164 Japanese elderly hypertensive patients with baseline type 2 diabetes and/or CVD (Am J Med (2012))...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753854/db-01-3-treatment-target-of-systolic-blood-pressure-in-diabetes-may-differ-according-to-ethnicity-pro
#7
Kazuomi Kario
Asians have specific characteristics of hypertension and related cardiovascular disease. Stroke is more common than coronary artery disease in Eastern Asian countries, while the coronary artery disease is more common than stroke in Western countries. The association slope between higher blood pressure (BP) and the risk of cardiovascular events is steeper in Asians than in Caucasians. This may partly explained by the recent result demonstrating that the morning BP surge in Asians is more extended (Hoshide, Kario, Parati et al...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751846/safety-and-efficacy-of-regorafenib-in-patients-with-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcoma-regosarc-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#8
Olivier Mir, Thomas Brodowicz, Antoine Italiano, Jennifer Wallet, Jean-Yves Blay, François Bertucci, Christine Chevreau, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Emmanuelle Bompas, Sébastien Salas, Christophe Perrin, Corinne Delcambre, Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, Maud Toulmonde, Sarah Dumont, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Stéphanie Clisant, Sophie Taieb, Cécile Guillemet, Maria Rios, Olivier Collard, Laurence Bozec, Didier Cupissol, Esma Saada-Bouzid, Christine Lemaignan, Wolfgang Eisterer, Nicolas Isambert, Loïc Chaigneau, Axel Le Cesne, Nicolas Penel
BACKGROUND: Regorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with proven activity in refractory gastrointestinal stromal tumours and chemotherapy-refractory advanced colorectal cancers. We assessed this agent's efficacy and safety in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcomas previously treated with anthracycline. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, phase 2 trial undertaken in France and Austria, we enrolled patients aged 18 years and older with advanced soft tissue sarcomas who had received previous doxorubicin or other anthracycline treatment...
October 14, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748190/an-umbrella-review-of-nuts-intake-and-risk-of-cardiovascualr-disease
#9
Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Benjamin Missbach, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Nuts have been an indispensable component of the human diet for hundreds because of their unique nutrient composition and are thought to play a beneficial part in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent, validity and presence of evidence for studies investigating the impact of nuts intake on biomarkers of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular events, we performed an umbrella review of all published meta-analyses synthesizing data from both observational studies and randomized controlled trials...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733770/effects-of-milk-proteins-on-blood-pressure-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#10
Khemayanto Hidayat, Hong-Zhen Du, Jing Yang, Guo-Chong Chen, Zheng Zhang, Zeng-Ning Li, Li-Qiang Qin
Certain foods or their components are widely used in the prevention and/or management of cardiovascular disease. Milk proteins have been suggested to have hypotensive properties. A number of clinical trials have been carried out to evaluate the effect of milk proteins from whole foods and supplements on blood pressure (BP). However, the effect of milk proteins on BP is not well understood. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized control trials to provide insight into and robust evidence concerning the overall impact of milk proteins on BP...
October 13, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721264/meta-analysis-of-therapeutic-effects-and-the-risks-of-hypertension-and-hyperglycemia-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-who-were-receiving-antiangiogenic-drugs
#11
Lingling Chang, Ying An, Shuling Yang, Xiaosu Zhang
PURPOSE: A meta-analysis of published data was conducted to investigate the therapeutic effects in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who were receiving antiangiogenic drugs. METHODS: A computerized search through electronic databases, including PubMed (until February 2016), was performed to obtain eligible randomized controlled trials that compared the effectiveness of antiangiogenic with control groups (everolimus, placebo, and interferon [IFN] alfa) in patients with RCC...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687553/efficacy-and-safety-of-bevacizumab-combined-with-fluoropyrimidine-monotherapy-for-unfit-or-older-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Carmine Pinto, Lorenzo Antonuzzo, Luca Porcu, Giuseppe Aprile, Evaristo Maiello, Gianluca Masi, Fausto Petrelli, Mario Scartozzi, Valter Torri, Sandro Barni
BACKGROUND: Whether bevacizumab represents a feasible option for the first-line treatment of unfit and elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) remains controversial. The present systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety data of bevacizumab combined with first-line fluoropyrimidine monochemotherapy for these complex patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the published data was conducted through May 31, 2016...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680390/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-central-hemodynamic-response-to-exercise-in-patients-with-transient-ischaemic-attack-and-minor-stroke
#13
J Faulkner, Y-C Tzeng, D Lambrick, B Woolley, P D Allan, T O'Donnell, J Lanford, L Wong, L Stoner
Early exercise engagement elicits meaningful changes in peripheral blood pressure in patients diagnosed with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke. However, central hemodynamic markers may provide clinicians with important diagnostic and prognostic information beyond that provided by peripheral blood pressure readings. The purpose of this single-centre, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial was to determine the effect of a 12-week aerobic exercise intervention on central and peripheral hemodynamic variables in patients with TIA or minor stroke...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646144/intranasal-tetracaine-and-oxymetazoline-a-newly-approved-drug-formulation-that-provides-maxillary-dental-anesthesia-without-needles
#14
Elliot V Hersh, Mana Saraghi, Paul A Moore
BACKGROUND: An intranasal formulation of 3% tetracaine and 0.05% oxymetazoline (Kovanaze) received FDA approval on 29 June 2016. This formulation appears to provide sufficient local anesthesia to perform routine dental restorative (filling) procedures in maxillary teeth from second premolar forward. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the efficacy, pharmacokinetics and tolerability of 3% tetracaine plus 0.05% oxymetazoline when administered intranasally...
October 3, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643122/sy-12-3-are-ras-inhibitors-necessary-for-all-patients-with-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Shokei Kim-Mitsuyama
There is accumulating evidence that RAS inhibitors not only reduce blood pressure, but also exert pleiotropic effects, including a renoprotective effect, amelioration of insulin resistance, reduction in onset of diabetes, and suppression of cardiovascular remodelling,. However, the definite benefit of RAS inhibition in treatment of hypertension with CKD or DM is not conclusive. We previously performed the OlmeSartan and Calcium Antagonists Randomized (OSCAR) study comparing the preventive effect of high-dose ARB therapy versus ARB plus CCB combination therapy on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in 1164 Japanese elderly hypertensive patients with baseline type 2 diabetes and/or CVD (Am J Med (2012))...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643091/db-01-3-treatment-target-of-systolic-blood-pressure-in-diabetes-may-differ-according-to-ethnicity-pro
#16
Kazuomi Kario
Asians have specific characteristics of hypertension and related cardiovascular disease. Stroke is more common than coronary artery disease in Eastern Asian countries, while the coronary artery disease is more common than stroke in Western countries. The association slope between higher blood pressure (BP) and the risk of cardiovascular events is steeper in Asians than in Caucasians. This may partly explained by the recent result demonstrating that the morning BP surge in Asians is more extended (Hoshide, Kario, Parati et al...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615023/comparative-effectiveness-of-pharmacological-interventions-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#17
Snigdha Jain, Rohan Khera, Saket Girotra, David Badesch, Zhen Wang, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Amy Blevins, Gregory A Schmidt, Siddharth Singh, Alicia K Gerke
BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis to examine comparative efficacy and tolerability of pharmacological interventions for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane register, EMBASE, CINAHL and clinicaltrials.gov were searched (January 1, 1990 - March 3, 2016). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of approved pharmacological agents - endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA), phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE5i), oral/inhaled and intravenous/subcutaneous prostanoids, riociguat, and selexipag, alone or in combination for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) reporting at least one efficacy outcome were selected...
September 8, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611234/intravenous-versus-inhalational-techniques-for-rapid-emergence-from-anaesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-brain-tumour-surgery
#18
Hemanshu Prabhakar, Gyaninder Pal Singh, Charu Mahajan, Indu Kapoor, Mani Kalaivani, Vidhu Anand
BACKGROUND: Brain tumour surgery usually is carried out with the patient under general anaesthesia. Over past years, both intravenous and inhalational anaesthetic agents have been used, but the superiority of one agent over the other is a topic of ongoing debate. Early and rapid emergence from anaesthesia is desirable for most neurosurgical patients. With the availability of newer intravenous and inhalational anaesthetic agents, all of which have inherent advantages and disadvantages, we remain uncertain as to which technique may result in more rapid early recovery from anaesthesia...
September 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570142/effect-of-integrated-traditional-chinese-and-western-medicine-therapy-for-acute-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis
#19
Shangyu Xu, Qiongyi Pang, Zhongxiao Lin, Nu Zhang
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is an important public health problem associated with high mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of integrated traditional Chinese (TCM) and Western medicine (WM) therapy for acute hypertensive ICH. Randomized controlled trials were searched in PubMed, Medline, Embase, Wanfang and CNKI database published between January 2000 and June 2016. Our results showed that integrated TCM and WM therapy appeared to be able to improve the clinical effect for patients with acute hypertensive ICH...
August 28, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557333/evaluation-of-wet-cupping-therapy-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#20
Abdullah M N Al Bedah, Mohamed K M Khalil, Paul Posadzki, Imen Sohaibani, Tamer Shaaban Aboushanab, Meshari AlQaed, Gazzaffi I M Ali
BACKGROUND: Wet cupping is a widely used traditional therapy in many countries, which justifies a continuous scientific evaluation of its efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review to critically evaluate and update the available evidence of wet cupping in traditional and complementary medicine. METHODS: Ten electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2016. Included studies were randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that evaluated wet cupping against any type of control interventions in patients with any clinical condition, as well as healthy individuals...
October 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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