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heart failure randomized controlled trial 2016

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939459/comparative-effectiveness-of-telemonitoring-versus-usual-care-for-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Ji Eun Yun, Jeong-Eun Park, Hyun-Young Park, Hae-Young Lee, Dong Ah Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of telemonitoring (TM) in the management of patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched Ovid-Medline, Ovid-EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials published through April 2016. Outcomes of interest included clinical effectiveness (mortality, hospitalization, and emergency room visits) and patient-reported outcomes. TM was defined as the transmission of individual biological data such as weight, blood pressure, and heart rate...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939458/mind-body-interventions-for-individuals-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials
#2
REVIEW
Zehra Gok Metin, Deborah Ejem, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Yasemin Turkman, Carolina Salvador, Salpy Pamboukian, Marie Bakitas
BACKGROUND: The effects of mind-body interventions (MBIs) (e.g. Tai Chi, yoga, and meditation) for individuals with heart failure (HF) have not been systematically evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of MBIs in HF. We extracted participant characteristics, MBI procedure, outcomes assessed, and main results of English language RCTs before October 2016. We identified 24 RCTs (n=1314 participants) of nine MBI types: Tai Chi (n=7), yoga (n =4), relaxation (n =4), meditation (n=2), acupuncture (n=2), biofeedback (n=2), stress management (n=1), Pilates (n=1) and reflexology (n=1)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935393/the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-self-care-psychological-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ying Jiang, Shefaly Shorey, Betsy Seah, Wanxian Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Wenru Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence to determine the effects of psychological interventions on self-care and psychological and health outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of randomized controlled trials using psychological methods or theory on self-care behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, HRQoL, and physical function. Studies published in English, from January 2006 to December 2016, were considered. We searched published and unpublished studies in the following electronic databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925168/-meta-analysis-of-supplemented-zhenwu-decoction-for-treating-congestive-heart-failure
#4
Yuan-Ping Wang, Jie Xiong, Xia Yan, Xiao-Hui Li, Zi-Qing Luo
The paper was to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of supplemented Zhenwu decoction for treating congestive heart-failure. Three foreign language databases including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase and four Chinese databases including CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Database were retrieved from their establishment to July 2016 for all randomized control trials(RCTs) on supplemented Zhenwu decoction in treatment of congestive heart-failure. The references in the included RCTs were also traced. Literature selection and information extraction was completed and screened by two independent reviewers, and Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898297/effects-and-safety-of-oral-tolvaptan-in-patients-with-congestive-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#5
Mei-Yi Wu, Tzu-Ting Chen, Ying-Chun Chen, Der-Cherng Tarng, Yun-Chun Wu, Hsien-Ho Lin, Yu-Kang Tu
AIMS: Several studies reported treatment benefits of tolvaptan in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the optimal dosage remains unclear. We aimed to compare different dosage of tolvaptan to determine the optimal dosage in terms of the efficacy and safety. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL and ClinicalTrials.gov through Aug 31, 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing tolvaptan of different dosages or to placebo in patients with CHF were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858984/effects-of-blood-pressure-lowering-treatment-on-outcome-incidence-12-effects-in-individuals-with-high-normal-and-normal-blood-pressure-overview-and-meta-analyses-of-randomized-trials
#6
Costas Thomopoulos, Gianfranco Parati, Alberto Zanchetti
BACKGROUND: It is currently unknown whether individuals with SBP/DBP values in the ranges 120-139/80-89 mmHg, usually defined as with prehypertension or high-normal and normal blood pressure (BP), benefit from BP-lowering treatment and whether benefits in these individuals depend on the level of their cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVES: Meta-analyzing all available data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the effects on cardiovascular outcomes of BP-lowering treatment in individuals with normal or high-normal BP values in absence of baseline antihypertensive drugs and free from a recent myocardial infarction, left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840703/-adjuvant-effects-of-zhenyuan-capsule-on-chronic-heart-failure-meta-analysis
#7
Li-Hong Wu, Ye Cao, Wei-Qiong Wang, Li Lu, Xiao-Mei Guo
To systematically review the adjuvant effects of Zhenyuan capsule on improving the cardiac function of patients with chronic heart failure. Databases including PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Data were searched electronically from inception to October 2016 to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about Zhenyuan capsule for adjuvant treatment of chronic heart failure. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies...
July 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830541/cardioprotective-effect-of-platycodon-grandiflorum-in-patients-with-early-breast-cancer-receiving-anthracycline-based-chemotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Wei Hao, Sheng Liu, Yuenong Qin, Chenping Sun, Liying Chen, Chunyu Wu, Yijia Bao
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines, alone or in combination with other drugs, are among the most effective chemotherapeutic agents to treat breast cancer both in the adjuvant and neoadjuvant setting. Unfortunately, anthracycline-associated dose-dependent cardiotoxicity is a limiting factor in clinical use. Extensive efforts have been devoted to identifying strategies to prevent anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. However, most cardioprotective agents have shown little effect in clinical trials...
August 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800093/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-summary-of-the-2016-agency-of-healthcare-research-and-quality-evidence-review
#9
REVIEW
Ethan M Balk, Alice H Lichtenstein
We summarize the 2016 update of the 2004 Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality's evidence review of omega-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The overall findings for the effects of marine oil supplements on intermediate CVD outcomes remain largely unchanged. There is high strength of evidence, based on numerous trials, of no significant effects of marine oils on systolic or diastolic blood pressures, but there are small, yet statistically significant increases in high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790052/dose-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-and-outcomes-in-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis
#10
Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Gregg C Fonarow, Ali Ahmed, Stephen J Greene, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Hassan Khan, Catherine Marti, Mihai Gheorghiade, Javed Butler
BACKGROUND: The association between angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) doses on outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction is uncertain. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dose of ACEI and ARBs on outcomes and drug discontinuation in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: MEDLINE, Ovid SP, and Embase were searched from the inception of these databases till August 2016...
August 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780577/drug-treatment-effects-on-outcomes-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Sean Lee Zheng, Fiona T Chan, Adam A Nabeebaccus, Ajay M Shah, Theresa McDonagh, Darlington O Okonko, Salma Ayis
BACKGROUND: Clinical drug trials in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction have failed to demonstrate improvements in mortality. METHODS: We systematically searched Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomised controlled trials (RCT) assessing pharmacological treatments in patients with heart failure with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction≥40% from January 1996 to May 2016. The primary efficacy outcome was all-cause mortality...
August 5, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735831/wenxin-keli-for-ventricular-premature-complexes-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Min Li, Ruijin Qiu, Guihua Tian, Xiaoyu Zhang, Chengyu Li, Shiqi Chen, Qin Zhang, Hongcai Shang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Wenxin Keli (WXKL) alone or combined with Western medicine in treating ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) with heart failure (HF). METHODS: We searched five databases to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published before May 2016. Two review authors independently searched and screened the literature, extracted the data as well as assessed the methodological quality of the included studies by using criteria from the Cochrane Handbook, and analyzed via using Review Manager 5...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688730/use-of-medical-orders-for-scope-of-treatment-for-heart-failure-patients-during-postacute-care-in-skilled-nursing-facilities
#13
Hillary Lum, Oluyomi Obafemi, Joanna Dukes, Molly Nowels, Kristina Samon, Rebecca S Boxer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with heart failure (HF) who are hospitalized and admitted to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) are at high risk for rehospitalization and death. The care preferences of this high-risk population have not been studied. OBJECTIVES: To describe care preferences of patients with HF admitted to SNFs for rehabilitation based on Medical Orders for Scope of Treatment (MOST) documentation, and evaluate goal-concordant care based on MOST documentation, emergency department (ED) visits, and hospitalization...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665511/home-based-versus-centre-based-cardiac-rehabilitation
#14
REVIEW
Lindsey Anderson, Georgina A Sharp, Rebecca J Norton, Hasnain Dalal, Sarah G Dean, Kate Jolly, Aynsley Cowie, Anna Zawada, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death globally. Traditionally, centre-based cardiac rehabilitation programmes are offered to individuals after cardiac events to aid recovery and prevent further cardiac illness. Home-based cardiac rehabilitation programmes have been introduced in an attempt to widen access and participation. This is an update of a review previously published in 2009 and 2015. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of home-based and supervised centre-based cardiac rehabilitation on mortality and morbidity, exercise-capacity, health-related quality of life, and modifiable cardiac risk factors in patients with heart disease...
June 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638496/effect-of-early-follow-up-after-hospital-discharge-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-or-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#15
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Transitions in care can increase patients' vulnerability to adverse events. In particular, patients admitted for heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) have high rates of readmission and return emergency department visits. Heart failure patients have the highest 30-day readmission rates in Canada, and COPD patients comprise the highest volume of readmissions. Combined, these two conditions account for the largest number of emergency department returns...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633650/effects-of-tolvaptan-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Chunbin Wang, Bo Xiong, Lin Cai
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure, which requires urgent evaluation and treatment, is a leading cause for admission to the emergency department. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of tolvaptan on acute heart failure and compare them with the effects of conventional therapy or placebo. METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trial registry were searched from their starting dates to October 24, 2016. Two authors independently read the trials and extracted related information from the included studies...
June 20, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562533/mirnas-as-biomarkers-for-diagnosis-of-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Hualin Yan, Fan Ma, Yi Zhang, Chuan Wang, Dajian Qiu, Kaiyu Zhou, Yimin Hua, Yifei Li
BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of molecular biology, the kind of mircoRNA (miRNA) has been introduced into emerging role both in cardiac development and pathological procedure. Thus, we conduct this meta-analysis to find out the role of circulating miRNA as a biomarker in detecting heart failure. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and World Health Organization clinical trials registry center to identify relevant studies up to August 2016...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539568/clinical-and-hemodynamic-effects-of-endothelin-receptor-antagonists-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#18
REVIEW
Bo Xiong, Dan Nie, Yin Cao, Yanke Zou, Yuanqing Yao, Jie Tan, Jun Qian, Shunkang Rong, Chunbin Wang, Jing Huang
The clinical benefit of endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA) for the management of heart failure (HF) remains controversial. To examine this question, we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the clinical and hemodynamic effects of ERA in HF patients.We searched the PubMed, Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception to March 20, 2016 to identify the pertinent studies. Risk ratio (RR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were calculated using a fixed or random effect model...
May 31, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526671/telehealth-interventions-to-support-self-management-of-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-metareview-of-diabetes-heart-failure-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Peter Hanlon, Luke Daines, Christine Campbell, Brian McKinstry, David Weller, Hilary Pinnock
BACKGROUND: Self-management support is one mechanism by which telehealth interventions have been proposed to facilitate management of long-term conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this metareview were to (1) assess the impact of telehealth interventions to support self-management on disease control and health care utilization, and (2) identify components of telehealth support and their impact on disease control and the process of self-management. Our goal was to synthesise evidence for telehealth-supported self-management of diabetes (types 1 and 2), heart failure, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cancer to identify components of effective self-management support...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524025/-effect-of-esmolol-on-hemodynamics-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-septic-shock
#20
Shupeng Wang, Min Li, Jun Duan, Li Yi, Xu Huang, Desheng Chen, Gang Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of heart rate control with esmolol on hemodynamics, inflammatory cytokines and clinical outcomes in patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. The patients with septic shock admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from August 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled. After 24 hours of resuscitation and other therapy, they were randomly divided into two groups by sealed envelope...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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