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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738666/influence-of-kitesurf-equipment-on-injury-rates
#1
Sebastian F Baumbach, Tanja Stawinski, Daniel Schmitz, Carsten Schoeneberg, Marcus Jäger, Christian Wedemeyer, Max D Kauther
BACKGROUND: Various injuries in kitesurfing (KS) have been reported so far. The aim of this study was to validate the effect of different kite designs and safety equipment on the injury rate compared to older studies. METHODS: A retrospective epidemiological study based on an anonymous face-to-face survey was conducted amongst active kitesurfers. The questionnaire consisted of 66 questions focusing on the equipment used, injury rates, overuse injuries and gender differences...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737984/evaluating-the-training-responsibilities-and-practices-of-p-t-committee-members-and-nonmember-contributors
#2
Ryan Rodriguez, Brett J Kelly, Mary Moody
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees are responsible for managing drug formularies in numerous health care settings. Although pharmacy practice and health care organizations provide general recommendations of responsibilities and skills for members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees, the study investigators hypothesized that there is diversity in the training, responsibilities, and practices of these members and contributors. OBJECTIVE: To describe the training, responsibilities, and practices of members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees in a variety of health care settings, using an online survey...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737968/pattern-of-tumor-shrinkage-during-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-is-associated-with-prognosis-in-low-grade-luminal-early-breast-cancer
#3
Ippei Fukada, Kazuhiro Araki, Kokoro Kobayashi, Tomoko Shibayama, Shunji Takahashi, Naoya Gomi, Yumi Kokubu, Katsunori Oikado, Rie Horii, Futoshi Akiyama, Takuji Iwase, Shinji Ohno, Kiyohiko Hatake, Naohiro Sata, Yoshinori Ito
Purpose To evaluate the association between tumor shrinkage patterns shown with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and prognosis in patients with low-grade luminal breast cancer. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and informed consent was obtained from all subjects. The low-grade luminal breast cancer was defined as hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative with nuclear grades 1 or 2...
July 24, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737285/role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-lymphoma-of-the-pancreas-a-clinicopathological-study-of-nine-cases
#4
S Sadaf, A Loya, N Akhtar, M A Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided-fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is an established first-line procedure in the management of solid and cystic pancreatic masses. Lymphoma is an uncommon diagnosis in EUS-FNA of the pancreas, and it is more common for such a diagnosis to be because of secondary involvement of the pancreas by a lymphoproliferative disorder than for this to represent isolated primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL). We present the clinical, EUS and cytological features of these lesions...
July 24, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736770/classification-of-helpful-comments-on-online-suicide-watch-forums
#5
Ramakanth Kavuluru, Amanda G Williams, María Ramos-Morales, Laura Haye, Tara Holaday, Julie Cerel
Among social media websites, Reddit has emerged as a widely used online message board for focused mental health topics including depression, addiction, and suicide watch (SW). In particular, the SW community/subreddit has nearly 40,000 subscribers and 13 human moderators who monitor for abusive comments among other things. Given comments on posts from users expressing suicidal thoughts can be written from any part of the world at any time, moderating in a timely manner can be tedious. Furthermore, Reddit's default comment ranking does not involve aspects that relate to the "helpfulness" of a comment from a suicide prevention (SP) perspective...
October 2016: ACM-BCB: ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736576/the-impact-of-considering-land-intensification-and-updated-data-on-biofuels-land-use-change-and-emissions-estimates
#6
Farzad Taheripour, Xin Zhao, Wallace E Tyner
BACKGROUND: The GTAP model has been used to estimate biofuel policy induced land use changes and consequent GHG emissions for more than a decade. This paper reviews the history of the model and database modifications and improvements that have occurred over that period. In particular, the paper covers in greater detail the move from the 2004 to the 2011 database, and the inclusion of cropland intensification in the modeling structure. RESULTS: The results show that all the changes in the global economy and agricultural sectors cause biofuels induced land use changes and associated emissions can be quite different using the 2011 database versus 2004...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736455/using-kaizen-to-improve-employee-well-being-results-from-two-organizational-intervention-studies
#7
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina M Nielsen, Terese Stenfors-Hayes, Henna Hasson
Participatory intervention approaches that are embedded in existing organizational structures may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizational interventions, but concrete tools are lacking. In the present article, we use a realist evaluation approach to explore the role of kaizen, a lean tool for participatory continuous improvement, in improving employee well-being in two cluster-randomized, controlled participatory intervention studies. Case 1 is from the Danish Postal Service, where kaizen boards were used to implement action plans...
August 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736408/a-culture-of-understanding-reflections-and-suggestions-from-a-genomics-research-community-board
#8
Benjamin Kaplan, Carolyn Caddle-Steele, Gregory Chisholm, Warria A Esmond, Kadija Ferryman, Melvin Gertner, Crispin Goytia, Diane Hauser, Lynne D Richardson, Mimsie Robinson, Carol R Horowitz
There has been limited community engagement in the burgeoning field of genomics research. In the wake of a new discovery of genetic variants that increase the risk of kidney failure and are almost unique to people of African ancestry, community and clinical leaders in Harlem, New York, formed a community board to inform the direction of related research. The board advised all aspects of a study to assess the impact of testing for these genetic variants at primary care sites that serve diverse populations, including explaining genetic risk to participants...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736284/adam-a-breathing-phantom-for-lung-sbrt-quality-assurance
#9
Stefania Pallotta, Silvia Calusi, Leonardo Foggi, Riccardo Lisci, Laura Masi, Livia Marrazzo, Cinzia Talamonti, Lorenzo Livi, Gabriele Simontacchi
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy treatment of moving lesions is a challenging task in which different strategies can be used to adequately treat the tumor while sparing the surrounding tissue. The complexity of these strategies requires accurate and appropriate quality assurance tests. For this purpose, ADAM (Anthropomorphic Dynamic breAthing Model), a new phantom which simulates realistic patient breathing, was developed aiming to test the image quality and dose delivery in lung cancer treatments...
July 20, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735719/treatment-with-chemotherapy-and-cognitive-functioning-among-older-adult-cancer-survivors
#10
Ruth T Morin, Elizabeth Midlarsky
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether treatment of cancer with chemotherapy, when compared to surgery and radiation, differentially affects cognitive functioning among older adults. DESIGN: Data were examined prospectively from two years prior to cancer diagnosis to four years after cancer diagnosis. Distinct classes of cognitive functioning were identified using latent class growth analysis techniques (LCGA). Treatment type was assessed as a predictor of class membership...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735571/ethics-review-in-compassionate-use
#11
Jan Borysowski, Hans-Jörg Ehni, Andrzej Górski
BACKGROUND: Compassionate use is the use of unapproved drugs outside of clinical trials. So far, compassionate use regulations have been introduced in the US, Canada, many European countries, Australia and Brazil, and treatment on a compassionate use basis may be performed in Japan and China. However, there are important differences between relevant regulations in individual countries, particularly that approval by a research ethics committee (institutional review board) is a requirement for compassionate use in some countries (e...
July 24, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735277/join-the-editorial-board
#12
EDITORIAL
Carl Heneghan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735275/tobacco-price-boards-as-a-promotional-strategy-a-longitudinal-observational-study-in-australian-retailers
#13
Megan Bayly, Michelle Scollo, Sarah White, Kylie Lindorff, Melanie Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Price boards in tobacco retailers are one of the few forms of tobacco promotion remaining in Australia. This study aimed to examine how these boards were used to promote products over a period of rapidly rising taxes. METHODS: Observations were made in a panel of 350 stores in Melbourne, Australia, in November of 2013 (just before) and in 2014 and 2015 (after 12.5% increases in tobacco duty). Fieldworkers unobtrusively noted the presence and characteristics of price boards, and the brand name, size and price of the product at the top of each board...
July 22, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734264/a-small-scale-portable-method-for-extracting-microplastics-from-marine-sediments
#14
Rachel L Coppock, Matthew Cole, Penelope K Lindeque, Ana M Queirós, Tamara S Galloway
Microplastics (plastic particles, 0.1 μm-5 mm in size) are widespread marine pollutants, accumulating in benthic sediments and shorelines the world over. To gain a clearer understanding of microplastic availability to marine life, and the risks they pose to the health of benthic communities, ecological processes and food security, it is important to obtain accurate measures of microplastic abundance in marine sediments. To date, methods for extracting microplastics from marine sediments have been disadvantaged by complexity, expense, low extraction efficiencies and incompatibility with very fine sediments...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734181/evaluating-a-nursing-erasmus-exchange-experience-reflections-on-the-use-and-value-of-the-nominal-group-technique-for-evaluation
#15
Sheila Cunningham
This paper discusses the use of Nominal Group Technique (NGT) for European nursing exchange evaluation at one university. The NGT is a semi-quantitative evaluation method derived from the Delphi method popular in the 1970s and 1980s. The NGT was modified from the traditional version retaining the structured cycles and but adding a broader group discussion. The NGT had been used for 2 successive years but required analysis and evaluation itself for credibility and 'fit' for purpose which is presented here. It aimed to explore nursing students' exchange experiences and aid programme development futures exchanges and closure from exchange...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733854/process-evaluation-of-a-clinical-trial-to-test-school-support-as-hiv-prevention-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya
#16
Denise Dion Hallfors, Hyunsan Cho, Shane Hartman, Isabella Mbai, Carolyne Atieno Ouma, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
Orphaned adolescents are a large and vulnerable population in sub-Saharan Africa, at higher risk for HIV than non-orphans. Yet prevention of new infection is critical for adolescents since they are less likely than adults to enter and remain in treatment and are the only age group with rising AIDS death rates. We report process evaluation for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing support to stay in school (tuition, uniform, nurse visits) as an HIV prevention strategy for orphaned Kenyan adolescents. The RCT found no intervention effect on HIV/HSV-2 biomarker outcomes...
July 21, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733441/molecular-screening-for-cancer-treatment-optimization-moscato-01-in-pediatric-patients-a-single-institutional-prospective-molecular-stratification-trial
#17
Anne Catherine Harttrampf, Ludovic Lacroix, Marc Deloger, Frederic Deschamps, Stéphanie Puget, Nathalie Auger, Philippe Vielh, Pascale Varlet, Zsofia Balogh, Samuel Abbou, Adrien Allorant, Dominique Valteau-Couanet, Sabine Sarnacki, Louise Galmiche, Guillaume Meurice, Véronique Minard-Colin, Jacques Grill, Laurence Brugières, Christelle Dufour, Nathalie Gaspar, Stefan Michiels, Gilles Vassal, Jean-Charles Soria, Birgit Geoerger
This single institutional feasibility study prospectively characterized genomic alterations in recurrent or refractory solid tumors of pediatric patients in order to select a targeted therapy.<br /><br />Experimental Design: Following treatment failure patients with signed consent and aged above 6 months, underwent tumor biopsy or surgical resection of primary or metastatic tumor site.  These newly acquired samples were analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization array, next generation sequencing for 75 target genes, whole exome and RNA sequencing...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733392/editorial-changes
#18
EDITORIAL
Olivier Pourquié, Katherine Brown
Here at Development we are very sad to be saying goodbye to two of our editors: Ottoline Leyser and Geraldine Seydoux. Both Ottoline and Geraldine have been valued members of the editorial team since 2011, and we are hugely grateful for the time and effort they have put in to handling research papers, helping to shape the journal's future plans and, in Ottoline's case, coordinating our 2016 Special Issue on Plant Development. They will both be greatly missed, but will maintain connections with and continue to provide input on the journal as members of our Editorial Advisory Board...
July 21, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733301/a-3d-navigation-template-for-guiding-a-unilateral-lumbar-pedicle-screw-with-contralateral-translaminar-facet-screw-fixation-a-study-protocol-for-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
Zhen-Xuan Shao, Wei He, Shao-Qi He, Sheng-Lei Lin, Zhe-Yu Huang, Hong-Chao Tang, Wen-Fei Ni, Xiang-Yang Wang, Ai-Min Wu
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of lumbar disc degeneration disease has increased in recent years. Lumbar interbody fusion using two unilateral pedicle screws and a translaminar facet screw fixation has advantages of minimal invasiveness and lower costs compared with the traditional methods. Moreover, a method guided by a three-dimensional (3D) navigation template may help us improve the surgical accuracy and the success rate. This is the first randomised study using a 3D navigation template to guide a unilateral lumbar pedicle screw with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733171/are-residents-prepared-for-surgical-cases-implications-in-patient-safety-and-education
#20
Minh-Bao Mundschenk, Elizabeth B Odom, Trina D Ghosh, Grant M Kleiber, Andrew Yee, Kamlesh B Patel, Susan E Mackinnon, Marissa M Tenenbaum, Donald W Buck
OBJECTIVE: In surgical education, the areas of focus and evaluation are skewed toward technical skill and operative knowledge; less emphasized is familiarity with the patient's medical history. The purposes of this study were to characterize how surgical trainees prepare for cases and to determine the comprehensiveness of their preparation. DESIGN: A 27-question survey was created through a web-based software program and distributed to all resident physicians and fellows in the Departments of Surgery, Neurosurgery, and Otolaryngology at our institution...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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