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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926393/trends-in-the-treatment-of-single-and-multilevel-cervical-stenosis-a-review-of-the-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery-database
#1
Alfredo Arrojas, J Benjamin Jackson, Gregory Grabowski
BACKGROUND: In order to identify any changes in the utilization of new and old techniques, we investigated trends in the operative management of cervical stenosis by orthopaedic surgeons applying for board certification. METHODS: We queried the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery database from 1998 to 2013 to identify all of the cervical spine procedures for stenosis that had been performed by candidates taking Part II of the licensing examination. Longitudinal trends were determined for the utilized approach, the individual procedures that had been performed, and whether a motion-preserving technique had been employed...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926370/photon-counting-computed-tomography-for-vascular-imaging-of-the-head-and-neck-first-in-vivo-human-results
#2
Rolf Symons, Daniel S Reich, Mohammadhadi Bagheri, Tyler E Cork, Bernhard Krauss, Stefan Ulzheimer, Steffen Kappler, David A Bluemke, Amir Pourmorteza
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate image quality of a spectral photon-counting detector (PCD) computed tomography (CT) system for evaluation of major arteries of the head and neck compared with conventional single-energy CT scans using energy-integrating detectors (EIDs). METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved study, 16 asymptomatic subjects (7 men) provided informed consent and received both PCD and EID contrast-enhanced CT scans of the head and neck (mean age, 58 years; range, 46-75 years)...
September 18, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926317/congratulations-to-the-2017-editorial-fellows
#3
Mary C Mahoney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925615/new-acs-foundation-board-members-installed
#4
Sarah B Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924613/ligand-induced-twisting-of-nanoplatelets-and-their-self-assembly-into-chiral-ribbons
#5
Santanu Jana, Marta de Frutos, Patrick Davidson, Benjamin Abécassis
The emergence of chirality is a central issue in chemistry, materials science, and biology. In nanoparticle assemblies, chirality has been shown to arise through a few different processes, but chiral organizations composed of plate-like nanoparticles, a class of material under scrutiny due to their wide applicative potential, have not yet been reported. We show that ribbons of stacked board-shaped cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoplatelets (NPLs) twist upon the addition of oleic acid ligand, leading to chiral ribbons that reach several micrometers in length and display a well-defined pitch of ~400 nm...
September 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924574/structural-similarity-index-family-for-image-quality-assessment-in-radiological-images
#6
Gabriel Prieto Renieblas, Agustín Turrero Nogués, Alberto Muñoz González, Nieves Gómez-Leon, Eduardo Guibelalde Del Castillo
The structural similarity index (SSIM) family is a set of metrics that has demonstrated good agreement with human observers in tasks using reference images. These metrics analyze the viewing distance, edge information between the reference and the test images, changed and preserved edges, textures, and structural similarity of the images. Eight metrics based on that family are proposed. This new set of metrics, together with another eight well-known SSIM family metrics, was tested to predict human performance in some specific tasks closely related to the evaluation of radiological medical images...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924293/leiomyoma-of-the-urinary-bladder
#7
Anila Jamshaid, Zeeshan Arshad, Syed Zafar Zaidi
Leiomyoma of urinary bladder is a rare tumour with an incidence of < 0.5% of all the bladder tumours. We report a case of leiomyoma of bladder after taking written and informed consent from a 38 years old female, after obtaining the permission of the institutional review board (IRB). She presented in November 2015, with symptoms of obstructive lower urinary tract for 1 year followed by acute urinary retention. Physical examination was unremarkable. Ultrasound showed well circumscribed polypoidal growth in the bladder with mild hydronephrosis on the left side...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923912/exploiting-drug-addiction-mechanisms-to-select-against-mapki-resistant-melanoma
#8
Aayoung Hong, Gatien Moriceau, Lu Sun, Shirley Lomeli, Marco Piva, Robert Damoiseaux, Sheri L Holmen, Norman E Sharpless, Willy Hugo, Roger S Lo
Melanoma resistant to MAPK inhibitor(s) (MAPKi) displays loss-of-fitness upon experimental MAPKi withdrawal and, clinically, may be re-sensitized to MAPKi therapy after a drug holiday. Here, we uncovered and therapeutically exploited the mechanisms of MAPKi-addiction in MAPKi-resistant MUTBRAF or MUTNRAS melanoma. MAPKi-addiction phenotypes evident upon drug-withdrawal spanned transient cell-cycle slow-down to cell-death responses, the latter of which required a robust p-ERK rebound. Generally, drug withdrawal-induced p-ERK rebound up-regulated p38-FRA1-JUNB-CDKN1A and down-regulated proliferation, but only a robust p-ERK rebound resulted in DNA damage and parthanatos-related cell death...
September 18, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923814/new-method-for-real-time-influenza-surveillance-in-primary-care-a-wisconsin-research-and-education-network-wren-supported-study
#9
Jonathan L Temte, Shari Barlow, Amber Schemmel, Emily Temte, David L Hahn, Erik Reisdorf, Peter Shult, John Tamerius
INTRODUCTION: The goal of public health infectious disease surveillance systems is to provide accurate laboratory results in near-real time. When it comes to influenza surveillance, most current systems are encumbered with inherent delays encountered in the real-life chaos of medical practice. To combat this, we implemented and tested near-real-time surveillance using a rapid influenza detection test (RIDT) coupled with immediate, wireless transmission of results to public health entities...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923808/performance-of-graduating-residents-on-the-american-board-of-family-medicine-certification-examination-2009-2016
#10
James C Puffer, Michael R Peabody, Thomas R O'Neill
In response to growing concern about the declining performance on the American Board of Family Medicine Certification Examination, several strategies were employed to assist program directors with preparing their residents to take the examination. The effect of these efforts seems to have resulted in significant improvement in performance.
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923807/the-american-board-of-family-medicine-new-tools-to-assist-program-directors-and-graduates-achieve-success
#11
Stanley M Kozakowski, Perry A Pugno
In this commentary we review the improvements in the pass rates for first-time American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) Certification Examination test takers in the context of new tools and resources for program directors against the backdrop of a changing accreditation system and increased competition for a relatively fixed number of graduate medical education positions in family medicine. While causality cannot be established between the strategic initiatives of the ABFM and higher pass rates, we can all celebrate the new tools and resources provided to residents and program directors, and the improved performance of family medicine graduates on the certification examination...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923476/evaluation-of-nutrition-support-practices-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#12
Wajdy Abi Saleh, Pierre Bou Khalil, Krystel Ouaijan, Fayez Abillama, Sandra Akiki, Nehmat Ahmad, Lama Mattar
BACKGROUND: Multiple clinical guidelines are available to improve and standardize the delivery of nutrition support. However, recommendations are not being universally applied at the bedside due to challenges of resources and barriers of knowledge. Assessing the current level of nutrition support practice is the first step to understand the barriers and ultimately implement potential strategies to increase guideline adherence and promote quality nutrition support in hospitals. There are no published data concerning the practice of nutrition support in Lebanese hospitals...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923093/effects-of-improved-sanitation-on-diarrheal-reduction-for-children-under-five-in-idiofa-dr-congo-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#13
Seungman Cha, JaeEun Lee, DongSik Seo, Byoung Mann Park, Paul Mansiangi, Kabore Bernard, Guy Jerome Nkay Mulakub-Yazho, Honore Minka Famasulu
BACKGROUND: The lack of safe water and sanitation contributes to the rampancy of diarrhea in many developing countries. METHODS: This study describes the design of a cluster-randomized trial in Idiofa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, seeking evidence of the impact of improved sanitation on diarrhea for children under four. Of the 276 quartiers, 18 quartiers were randomly allocated to the intervention or control arm. Seven hundred and-twenty households were sampled and the youngest under-four child in each household was registered for this study...
September 19, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923026/dementia-and-cognitive-disorder-identified-at-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination-a-study-from-sweden
#14
Anette Ekström, Marianne Kristiansson, Karin Sparring Björkstén
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the relationship between dementia and crime. We conducted a study of persons who got a primary or secondary diagnosis of dementia or cognitive disorder in a forensic psychiatric examination. METHODS: In Sweden, annually about 500 forensic psychiatric examinations are carried out. All cases from 2008 to 2010 with the diagnoses dementia or cognitive disorder were selected from the database of the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine...
September 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922684/-rbc-transfusion-triggers-in-orthopaedic-lower-limb-arthroplasty
#15
Dirk Holten, Peter Zaar, Stefan Kessler
Introduction We implemented a hospital-wide mandatory RBC transfusion trigger checklist based on the haemoglobin level transfusion thresholds recommended by the German federal physicians board. Transfusion triggers, transfusion rates and hospital LOS in orthopaedic lower limb arthroplasty were compared before and after implementation of the transfusion trigger checklist. The goal was to evaluate the effect of this single and easy-to-implement intervention on transfusion rates in orthopaedic lower limb arthroplasty...
September 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922582/relationship-between-optimum-mini-doses-of-glucagon-and-insulin-levels-when-treating-mild-hypoglycaemia-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-simulation-study
#16
Ajenthen Ranjan, Sabrina L Wendt, Signe Schmidt, Sten Madsbad, Jens J Holst, Henrik Madsen, Carsten B Knudsen, John B Jørgensen, Kirsten Nørgaard
Hypoglycaemia remains the main limiting factor in type 1 diabetes management. We developed an insulin-dependent glucagon dosing regimen for treatment of mild hypoglycaemia based on simulations. A validated glucose-insulin-glucagon model was used to describe seven virtual patients with insulin pump-treated type 1 diabetes. In each simulation, one of ten different and individualised subcutaneous insulin boluses was administered to decrease plasma glucose (PG) from 7.0 to ≤3.9 mmol/l. Insulin levels were estimated as ratio of actual to baseline serum insulin concentration (se/ba-insulin), insulin on board (IOB) or percentage of IOB to total daily insulin dose (IOB/TDD)...
September 18, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922307/safe-summers-adapting-evidence-based-injury-prevention-into-a-summer-curriculum
#17
Melody Schaeffer, Claire Cioni, Nicole Kozma, Catherine Rains, Greta Todd
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death for those aged 0 to 19. St. Louis Children's Hospital created Safety Land, a comprehensive injury prevention intervention which is provided during summer months. This program uses a life-size board game to teach safety education to children in ages 5-11. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Safety Land on safety knowledge in children that participated in the intervention. METHODS: St...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922302/resident-knowledge-surgical-skill-and-confidence-in-transobturator-vaginal-tape-placement-the-value-of-a-cadaver-laboratory
#18
Woojin Chong, Keith Downing, Ava Leegant, Erika Banks, Dmitry Fridman, Sherry Downie
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the effect of additional cadaver laboratory use in training obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents on transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) insertion. METHODS: Thirty-four OBGYN residents were randomized into 2 groups (group 1, control; group 2, intervention; 17 in each group). Before and after the interventions, written knowledge and confidence levels were assessed. Both groups received didactic lectures using a bony pelvis and an instructional video on TOT insertion; group 2 participated in a half day cadaver laboratory...
September 15, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922284/improving-program-nclex-pass-rates-strategies-from-one-state-board-of-nursing
#19
Joan Libner, Sandra Kubala
AIM: This article describes the response of the Illinois Board of Nursing to an escalating number of prelicensure nursing programs with low National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) pass rates. The response aligns with stipulations of the Illinois Nurse Practice Act and best practices. BACKGROUND: NCLEX success is crucial to launching the careers of nursing graduates and to maintaining approval status of prelicensure programs by state regulatory bodies. Boards strive to guide programs with low pass rates fairly and consistently...
September 15, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922095/end-of-volume-editorial-board
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
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