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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145553/tumour-boards-in-geriatric-oncology
#1
Tanya Marya Wildes, Anita O'Donovan, Giuseppe Ferdinando Colloca, Kwok-Leung Cheung
Multidisciplinary tumour board is an integral part of cancer treatment planning. Although no definite survival benefits have yet been shown by mostly observational studies, other benefits of multidisciplinary tumour board have been identified. Traditionally the multidisciplinary tumour board involves participation of treating clinicians-medical, radiation and surgical oncologists. They tend to focus on the cancer alone. There is an increasing awareness that the treatment goal for cancer in older adults is not primarily on prolonging survival, with functional preservation and quality of life being particularly important for this population...
November 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145328/endocarditis-due-to-abiotrophia-defectiva-a-biofilm-related-infection-associated-with-the-presence-of-fixed-braces-a-case-report
#2
Victoria Birlutiu, Rares Mircea Birlutiu
RATIONALE: Endocarditis with Abiotrophia defectiva represents 4.3% to 6% of all streptococcal endocarditis. The article presents diagnosis issues and the complexity of the treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a female white patient, aged 26 years, who developed infectious endocarditis caused by A defectiva, in the last trimester of pregnancy, a biofilm-related infection associated with the presence of fixed braces. DIAGNOSES: The diagnosis of infectious endocarditis was confirmed by the cardiac ultrasound examination that revealed a voluminous vegetation on the mitral valve, and acute mitral regurgitation caused by chordae tendinae rupture, and also by isolating Abiotrophia defectiva from two positive blood cultures...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145004/effects-of-primary-care-physician-density-urologist-presence-and-insurance-status-on-stage-of-diagnosis-for-urologic-malignancies
#3
Kristy D Nguyen, Zain Z Hyder, Marshall D Shaw, Sarah B Maness, Michael S Cookson, Sanjay G Patel, Kelly L Stratton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of PCP density, insurance status, and urologist presence on stage of diagnosis for urologic malignancies. Cancer stage at diagnosis is an important outcome predictor. Studies have shown an inverse relationship to primary care physician (PCP) density and insurance coverage with stage of cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Data was obtained from OK2Share, an Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry, for bladder, kidney, and prostate cancer from 2000 to 2010...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144841/eov-editorial-board
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144768/editorial-board-eov
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144164/correlation-between-obesity-and-fat-infiltrated-axillary-lymph-nodes-visualized-on-mammography
#6
Roberta Maria M diFlorio Alexander, Steffen J Haider, Todd MacKenzie, Martha E Goodrich, Julie Weiss, Tracy Onega
OBJECTIVE: Using screening mammography, this study investigated the association between obesity and axillary lymph node (LN) size and morphology. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 188 women who underwent screening mammography at an academic medical center. Length and width of the LN and hilum were measured in the largest, mammographically visible axillary node. The hilo-cortical ratio (HCR) was calculated as the hilar width divided by the cortical width...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143363/utility-of-shear-wave-elastography-for-assessing-allograft-fibrosis-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-pilot-study
#7
Heather M Early, Ellen C Cheang, Jorge M Aguilera, Jonah S W Hirschbein, Ghaneh Fananapazir, Machelle D Wilson, John P McGahan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the utility of ultrasound-based shear wave elastography (SWE) as a noninvasive method to accurately detect and potentially stage the severity of renal allograft fibrosis and assess its user reproducibility. METHODS: In this Institutional Review Board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant prospective study, 70 renal transplant recipients underwent an SWE evaluation of their allograft followed directly by biopsy...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143213/colorectal-surgery-fellowship-improves-in-hospital-mortality-after-colectomy-and-proctectomy-irrespective-of-hospital-and-surgeon-volume
#8
Julia T Saraidaridis, Daniel A Hashimoto, David C Chang, Liliana G Bordeianou, Hiroko Kunitake
BACKGROUND: General surgery residents are increasingly pursuing sub-specialty training in colorectal (CR) surgery. However, the majority of operations performed by CR surgeons are also performed by general surgeons. This study aimed to assess in-hospital mortality stratified by CR training status after adjusting for surgeon and hospital volume. METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative system database was used to identify all patients who underwent colectomy/proctectomy from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2014, in the state of New York...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142866/inferior-alveolar-nerve-cutting-legal-liability-versus-desired-patient-outcomes
#9
Soung Min Kim, Jong Ho Lee
Objectives: Mandibular angle reduction or reduction genioplasty is a routine well-known facial contouring surgery that reduces the width of the lower face resulting in an oval shaped face. During the intraoral resection of the mandibular angle or chin using an oscillating saw, unexpected peripheral nerve damage including inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage could occur. This study analyzed cases of damaged IANs during facial contouring surgery, and asked what the basic standard of care in these medical litigation-involved cases should be...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142487/preliminary-investigations-showing-venous-thromboembolism-recurrence-in-patients-with-residual-venous-obstruction-in-singaporean-population
#10
Ashish Anil Sule, Chaozer Er, Claudia Y X Chong, Han Xin Chin, Tay Jam Chin
This study aims to determine the association of residual venous obstruction (RVO) with recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE). A retrospective cohort study was conducted determining if RVO on ultrasonography is associated with recurrent VTE in a Singaporean population. The subjects were identified from the Vascular Diagnostic Laboratory patients' record of Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH), Singapore between 2008 and 2013. All the patients included had RVO after 3 months of anticoagulation. Data such as age, gender, race, thrombus location, etiology, history of malignancy, thrombophilia screen, treatment duration, and follow-up were recorded for analysis...
December 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142152/indirect-proton-mr-imaging-and-kinetic-analysis-of-17-o-labeled-water-tracer-in-the-brain
#11
Kohsuke Kudo, Taisuke Harada, Hiroyuki Kameda, Ikuko Uwano, Fumio Yamashita, Satomi Higuchi, Kunihiro Yoshioka, Makoto Sasaki
PURPOSE: The feasibility of steady-state sequences for (17)O imaging was evaluated based on a kinetic analysis of the brain parenchyma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this prospective study with written informed consent. Dynamic 2D or 3D steady-state sequences were performed in five and nine participants, respectively, with different parameters using a 3T scanner. During two consecutive dynamic scans, saline was intravenously administered for control purposes in the first scan, and 20% (17)O-labeled water (1 mL/Kg) was administered in the second scan...
November 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141616/contextual-factors-and-clinical-reasoning-differences-in-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-reasoning-in-board-certified-versus-resident-physicians
#12
Elexis McBee, Temple Ratcliffe, Katherine Picho, Lambert Schuwirth, Anthony R Artino, Ana Monica Yepes-Rios, Jennifer Masel, Cees van der Vleuten, Steven J Durning
BACKGROUND: The impact of context on the complex process of clinical reasoning is not well understood. Using situated cognition as the theoretical framework and videos to provide the same contextual "stimulus" to all participants, we examined the relationship between specific contextual factors on diagnostic and therapeutic reasoning accuracy in board certified internists versus resident physicians. METHODS: Each participant viewed three videotaped clinical encounters portraying common diagnoses in internal medicine...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141441/correlation-between-heart-size-and-emphysema-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-ct-based-analysis-using-inspiratory-and-expiratory-scans
#13
Hayato Tomita, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Shin Matsuoka, Shoichiro Matsushita, Yasuo Nakajima
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the extent of emphysema and heart size in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using inspiratory and expiratory chest computed tomography (CT). This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and informed consent was waived. We measured lung volume (LV), low attenuation area percent (%LAA; less than or equal to -950 HU), maximum cardiac area, and maximum transverse cardiac diameter on inspiratory/expiratory chest CT in 60 patients with COPD...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140537/using-normal-and-high-pulse-coverage-with-picosecond-laser-treatment-of-wrinkles-and-acne-scarring-long-term-clinical-observations
#14
Christine Dierickx
OBJECTIVE: The picosecond 755 nm alexandrite laser using a diffractive lens array has demonstrated consistent clinical efficacy for improving the appearance of acne scarring and wrinkles amongst other benefits. This small pilot study is to assess the difference, if any, in clinical benefit if a higher than the standard protocol for number of pulses delivered to a tissue area is used compared to the standard protocol guidelines. METHOD: Seven subjects received treatment to one side of the face with a standard protocol number of laser pulses with the other side of the face receiving higher than standard number of pulses from the same 755 nm picosecond laser using an additional diffractive lens array...
November 15, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140529/editorial-board-changes-for-2018
#15
William T Carpenter, Paul D Shepard, Laura M Rowland, Janet L Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140137/v%C3%AC-o2-and-muscle-deoxygenation-kinetics-during-skating-comparison-between-slide-board-and-treadmill-skating
#16
Tatiane Piucco, Rogério Soares, Fernando Diefenthaeler, Guillaume Millet, Juan Murias
PURPOSE: this study aimed to compare the oxygen uptake (V̇O2) kinetics during skating on a treadmill and skating on a slide board and discuss potential mechanisms that might control the V̇O2 kinetics responses during skating. METHODS: breath-by-breath pulmonary V̇O2 and near-infrared spectroscopy-derived muscle deoxygenation ([HHbMb]) were monitored continuously in 12 well-trained young long track speed skaters. On-transient V̇O2 and [HHbMb] responses to skating on a treadmill and skating on a slide board at 80% of the estimated gas exchange threshold were fitted as mono-exponential function...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139620/changing-patterns-in-water-toxicity-associated-with-current-use-pesticides-in-three-california-agriculture-regions
#17
Brian S Anderson, Bryn M Phillips, Jennifer P Voorhees, Xin Deng, Jeff Geraci, Karen Worcester, Ron S Tjeerdema
Regulation of agriculture irrigation water discharges in California is assessed and controlled by its nine Regional Water Quality Control Boards under the jurisdiction of the California State Water Resources Control Board. Each Regional Water Board has developed programs to control pesticides in runoff as part of the waste discharge requirements implemented through each Region's Irrigated Lands Regulatory Program. This study assessed how pesticide use patterns differ in the Imperial (Imperial County), Salinas and Santa Maria (Monterey County) valleys, which host three of California's prime agriculture areas...
November 15, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139137/potential-exposure-and-cancer-risk-from-formaldehyde-emissions-from-installed-chinese-manufactured-laminate-flooring
#18
Patrick Sheehan, Ankur Singhal, Kenneth T Bogen, David MacIntosh, Renee M Kalmes, John McCarthy
Lumber Liquidators (LL) Chinese-manufactured laminate flooring (CLF) has been installed in >400,000 U.S. homes over the last decade. To characterize potential associated formaldehyde exposures and cancer risks, chamber emissions data were collected from 399 new LL CLF, and from LL CLF installed in 899 homes in which measured aggregate indoor formaldehyde concentrations exceeded 100 μg/m(3) from a total of 17,867 homes screened. Data from both sources were combined to characterize LL CLF flooring-associated formaldehyde emissions from new boards and installed boards...
November 15, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139032/radium-biophysics-and-radiobiology-tracing-the-history-of-radiobiology-in-twentieth-century-china
#19
Christine Yi Lai Luk
Radiobiology assesses the biological hazards of exposure to radioactive substances and nuclear radiation. This article explores the history of radiobiology in twentieth-century China by examining the overlapping of radium research and biophysics, from roughly the 1920s Nationalist period to the 1960s Communist period; from the foreign purchase of radium by the Rockefeller Foundation's China Medical Board during the Republican era, to the institutional establishment of radiobiology as a subset of biophysics in the People's Republic...
November 2, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138997/syncopedia-training-a-new-generation-of-syncope-specialists
#20
EDITORIAL
Jelle S Y de Jong, Frederik J de Lange, Nynke van Dijk, Roland D Thijs, Wouter Wieling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
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