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Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Rolf Quam, Nohemi Sala, Morgane Bardey, James C Ohman, Antoine Balzeau
The La Ferrassie 1 (LF1) skeleton, discovered over a century ago, is one of the most important Neandertal individuals both for its completeness and due to the role it has played historically in the interpretation of Neandertal anatomy and lifeways. Here we present new skeletal remains from this individual, which include a complete right middle ear ossicular chain (malleus, incus, and stapes), three vertebral fragments, and two costal remains. Additionally, the study of the skeleton has allowed us to identify new pathological lesions, including a congenital variant in the atlas, a greenstick fracture of the left clavicle, and a lesion in a mid-thoracic rib of unknown etiology...
April 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
Badi Aldosari, Jean-Marc Thomassin
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate our experience with endoscopic repair of ossicular discontinuity at the incudostapedial joint, with or without an intact stapes suprastructure, and present our hearing results. We classify results based on the causative pathology, the type of ossiculoplasty, and type of lesion. We demonstrate the ability to endoscopically place a total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP), measuring 4.25 mm, between the stapes footplate and the incus remnant to reestablish ossicular continuity...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Alexander Sevy, Moises Arriaga
Since the original carved Teflon stapes over vein graft, stapedectomy prostheses have undergone evolution. Prostheses shapes, materials, and surgical techniques for placement have reflected advances in biomaterials and surgical tools. The variability in prostheses has reflected alternative techniques of stapedectomy and stapedotomy and differing strategies for attachment to the incus. Although many iterations of stapes prostheses have been proposed, excellent results can be achieved with various prostheses designed to rest on tissue grafts in stapedectomy techniques or pass through the footplate in stapedotomy techniques when used by surgeons experienced with technique details specific to the selected prosthesis...
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Es-Hak Bedri, Miriam Redleaf
OBJECTIVES: In Ethiopia, 2-stage operations with middle ear prostheses are economically unfavorable. We hypothesized that single-stage autologous ossiculoplasty results in acceptable tympanic membrane (TM) and hearing improvements in a setting of limited resources. METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight patients (197 ears) who underwent 1-stage autologous ossiculoplasty for ossicular dysfunction are presented. All but 14 of these ears also had perforations of the TM...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Shangyuan Jiang, Rong Z Gan
The incudostapedial joint (ISJ) is a synovial joint connecting the incus and stapes in the middle ear. Mechanical properties of the ISJ directly affect sound transmission from the tympanic membrane to the cochlea. However, how ISJ properties change with frequency has not been investigated. In this paper, we report the dynamic properties of the human ISJ measured in eight samples using a dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA) for frequencies from 1 to 80 Hz at three temperatures of 5, 25 and 37 °C. The frequency-temperature superposition (FTS) principle was used to extrapolate the results to 8 kHz...
February 22, 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
Julia A Schultz, Irina Ruf, Thomas Martin
Middle ear ossicles (malleus, incus, stapes) are known for few multituberculate taxa, and three different stapedial morphotypes have been suggested: (i) slender, columelliform and microperforate, (ii) robust and rod-like, and (iii) bicrural. Reinvestigation of Upper Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) mammalian petrosals from the Guimarota coal mine in central Portugal (Western Europe) revealed an asymmetric bicrural stapes (ABS) in the paulchoffatiid Pseudobolodon oreas The middle ear ossicles displaced inside the osseous vestibule were detected by a µCT analysis...
February 28, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Meeta Bathla, Hiren Doshi, Atul Kansara
Role of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) of temporal bone is established in cases of atticoantral chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) with intracranial complications. Routine use of HRCT in management of patients of atticoantral CSOM without intracranial complications has been an issue of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the routine use of HRCT of temporal bone in such cases. This study was a prospective study done at LG hospital, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad to evaluate and compare the temporal bone findings in HRCT and intraoperative findings in 100 patients with atticoantral CSOM...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Suresh Kumar, Kanak Yadav, Tarun Ojha, Abhishek Sharma, Amit Singhal, Saurabh Gakhar
Chronic suppurative otitis media, with and without cholesteatoma, frequently results in disruption of the ossicular chain. The present study was designed to compare the outcome using autologous ossicle and titanium prosthesis in two groups of suitable patients presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media for middle ear reconstructive surgeries. A prospective study done from July 2012 to December 2013, at Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Sitapura, Jaipur (Rajasthan). The target group included patients with chronic suppurative otitis media admitted and planned for reconstructive middle ear surgery...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Pierre Guarino, Filippo Fabbri, Elio Maria Cunsolo, Livio Presutti, Lukas Anschuetz
PURPOSE: To describe the in vivo vascularization of middle ear by an endoscopic point of view, particularly focusing on the medial wall of tympanic cavity and incudostapedial region (ISR). STUDY DESIGN: Case series with surgical videos review and anatomical description. METHODS: 48 videos from exclusive endoscopic middle ear surgery performed at the University Hospital of Modena from November 2015 to July 2017 were reviewed. Data about anatomy of vessels, and blood flow direction (BFD) were collected in an appropriate database for further analyses...
February 10, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Alicia M Quesnel, Reuven Ishai, Michael J McKenna
Otosclerosis is pathologically characterized by abnormal bony remodeling, which includes bone resorption, new bone deposition, and vascular proliferation in the temporal bone. Sensorineural hearing loss in otosclerosis is associated with extension of otosclerosis to the cochlear endosteum and deposition of collagen throughout the spiral ligament. Persistent or recurrent conductive hearing loss after stapedectomy has been associated with incomplete footplate fenestration, poor incus-prosthesis connection, and incus resorption in temporal bone specimens...
February 2, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Suphi Bulğurcu, Bünyamin Dikilitaş, İbrahim Çukurova
Objective: Chronic otitis media most commonly causes an ossicular chain defect in incus. Different materials can be used for repair of this defect. In this study, the hydroxyapatite prosthesis, used for repair of the incus defect, was compared with the incus interposition. Methods: Between 2010 and 2016, 27 female and 16 male patients who underwent ossiculoplasty due to an incus defect were studied retrospectively. Patients' hearing results at the sixth month were compared...
June 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Ricardo Bartel, Francesc Cruellas, Miriam Hamdan, Xavier Gonzalez-Compta, Enric Cisa, Ivan Domenech, Manel Manos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare hearing improvements in the air-bone gap (ABG) after type III tympanoplasties, comparing between incus transposition (IT) and partial ossicular replacement prosthesis (PORP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publications in English were searched in PUBMED database and were systematically reviewed. A total of 14 articles were included, obtaining 1055 patients, 614 for the IT group and 441 for the PORP group. Preoperative ABG, postoperative ABG, dB gain and ABG closure rate were compared...
January 21, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Sameer A Alvi, Joel W Jones, Jim Lin
OBJECTIVES: To describe a unique case of bilateral dehiscence of the malleus and incus heads into the middle fossa making contact with the temporal lobes, along with its clinical implications. METHODS: An analysis of a patient case and review of pertinent literature were performed. RESULTS: A patient with a history of right-sided mastoidectomy for cholesteatoma was evaluated for persistent conductive hearing loss. On computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the patient had a complete dehiscence of the tegmen tympani on the right, with ossicular heads being located above the floor of the middle cranial fossa...
March 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Zoran Djinović, Robert Pavelka, Miloš Tomić, Georg Sprinzl, Hanns Plenk, Udo Losert, Helga Bergmeister, Roberto Plasenzotti
The main obstacle in realization of a totally implantable hearing aid is a lack of reliable implantable microphone. In this paper we have described a potentially miniature fiber-optic vibrometer based on a modified Michelson interferometer, designed to serve as a middle-ear microphone for totally implantable cochlear- or middle-ear hearing aids. A model of the sensing system was used for in-vitro and in-vivo investigation of acoustical response of sheep's middle-ear ossicles. Surgical and implantation procedure of introducing the sensing optical fiber into the middle-ear and its aiming at the incus was investigated and described here in detail...
December 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Bradley J Sinclair, Adrian R Plant
Seven new species of Dolichocephala Macquart from Thailand are described (D. bicolor sp. nov., D. curvata sp. nov., D. immaculata sp. nov., D. incus sp. nov., D. longicerca sp. nov., D. srisukai sp. nov., D. thailandensis sp. nov.). A key to species is provided, distributions mapped and phenology and biogeography discussed.
November 30, 2017: Zootaxa
Piyush Tripathi, Shivani Nautiyal
Both type of CSOM, tubotympanic which is considered safe as well as atticoantral which is considered unsafe may lead to erosion of the ossicular chain. Discontinuity of the ossicular chain is typically confirmed only during an operation. Knowing before surgery whether the patient has an ossicular discontinuity is important because it allows the surgeon to know the possibility of performing an ossiculoplasty and obtaining patient consent. The aims is to (1) study the incidence of incus necrosis in safe and unsafe CSOM...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Jae Joon Han, Jihye Rhee, Jae-Jin Song, Ja-Won Koo, Byung Yoon Choi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the subjective satisfaction after incus vibroplasty and to determine predictive factors affecting patient satisfaction in sensorineural hearing loss. DESIGN: A retrospective review of audiological data and an additional survey about subjective satisfaction after surgery were performed in 14 patients who underwent incus vibroplasty surgery. A numeric rating scale reflecting the degree of satisfaction after incus vibroplasty, compared with experiences using a conventional hearing aid, was used...
February 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Ryo Karakawa, Mitsunaga Narushima, Shinya Ogishima, Hisako Hara, Shotaro Karino, Takuya Iida, Akinobu Kakigi, Isao Koshima
The complex reconstruction of nerves and soft tissue in the head and neck region is still challenging, especially in cases requiring external auditory canal reconstruction with facial nerve reconstruction. We report a case of left facial schwannoma extending into the external auditory canal beyond the tympanic membrane with facial paralysis in which the reconstruction of both the facial nerve and external auditory canal was successfully performed using an anterolateral thigh flap as a super-thin full-thickness skin flap, including vascularized lateral femoral cutaneous nerve...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Jeremy Wales, Kilian Gladiné, Paul Van de Heyning, Vedat Topsakal, Magnus von Unge, Joris Dirckx
Ossicular fixation through otosclerosis, chronic otitis media and other pathologies, especially tympanosclerosis, are treated by surgery if hearing aids fail as an alternative. However, the best hearing outcome is often based on knowledge of the degree and location of the fixation. Objective methods to quantify the degree and position of the fixation are largely lacking. Laser vibrometry is a known method to detect ossicular fixation but clinical applicability remains limited. A new method, minimally invasive laser vibrometry (MIVIB), is presented to quantify ossicle mobility using laser vibrometry measurement through the ear canal after elevating the tympanic membrane, thus making the method feasible in minimally invasive explorative surgery...
January 2018: Hearing Research
Ivo Dobrev, Jae Hoon Sim, Baktash Aqtashi, Alexander M Huber, Thomas Linder, Christof Röösli
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative quantification of the ossicle mobility could provide valuable feedback for the current status of the patient's conductive hearing. However, current methods for evaluation of middle ear mobility are mostly limited to the surgeon's subjective impression through manual palpation of the ossicles. This study investigates how middle ear transfer function is affected by stapes quasi-static stiffness of the ossicular chain. The stiffness of the middle ear is induced by a) using a novel fiber-optic 3-axis force sensor to quantify the quasi-static stiffness of the middle ear, and b) by artificial reduction of stapes mobility due to drying of the middle ear...
November 10, 2017: Hearing Research
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