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Dacryocystitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610847/the-imbalance-of-lymphocyte-subsets-and-cytokines-potential-immunologic-insights-into-the-pathogenesis-of-chronic-dacryocystitis
#1
Xiaoxuan Yang, Lizhen Wang, Lunhao Li, Zhang Yu, Caiwen Xiao
Purpose: To explore the quantitative distributions of different lymphocyte subsets in the lacrimal sac mucosa and identify changes of Th1- and Th2-associated cytokines in the tears of patients with chronic dacryocystitis. Methods: Lacrimal sac mucosal specimens from patients with chronic dacryocystitis were analyzed. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining were performed for pathologic analysis, and immunohistochemical staining was performed for the detection of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, Th1, and Th2 lymphocytes...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564416/primary-lacrimal-canaliculitis-a-clinical-entity-often-misdiagnosed
#2
Manpreet Singh, Natasha Gautam, Aniruddha Agarwal, Manpreet Kaur
Purpose: Primary lacrimal canaliculitis (PLC) is a unique disorder which often gets misdiagnosed by the general as well as speciality-trained ophthalmologists. Elderly patients with history of chronic or recurrent epiphora with discharge, often get mislead towards chronic dacryocystitis. The aim of our report is to discuss the misleading diseases in our PLC patients and to revisit this hidden disease. Methods: The patients of PLC who were previously misdiagnosed were studied...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557891/recognition-and-management-of-acute-dacryocystic-retention
#3
Lindsay A McGrath, Kahmi Satchi, Alan A McNab
PURPOSE: Acute noninfectious dacryocystic retention is an under-recognized condition heralded by painful lacrimal sac swelling, obstruction, and epiphora. This longitudinal chart review aimed to estimate the incidence of this condition in an urban Australian population, while further defining the signs and symptoms of the disease and options for management. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1,593 consecutive patients presenting with acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and epiphora between 1990 and 2015...
August 8, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543202/-radio-wave-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-dacryocystitis
#4
I A Filatova
By improving the existing surgical technologies for dacryocystitis, one enhances the effectiveness of patient rehabilitation. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of radio-wave surgery in the treatment of dacryocystitis and lacrimal sac abscesses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical group consisted of 207 patients ranging in age from 7 to 89 years (the mean age of 41±7.3 years). For 39% of patients this was a repeated treatment, while 9.3% had undergone 4-5 surgical interventions...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523610/nasal-oncocytoma-causing-unilateral-epiphora-in-an-elderly-patient-the-vital-role-of-nasendoscopy
#5
Declan C Murphy, Mohamed Alfiky, Peter Prinsley
Oncocytomas are rare glandular tumours, typically found in salivary glands and kidneys. A 76-year-old man presented to an ophthalmology department after 3 months of persistent right-sided epiphora. Lacrimal syringing and a fluorescein dye test demonstrated an obstruction at the level of the nasolacrimal duct (NLD). Owing to the patient's history of dacryocystitis, endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy was organised. When in theatre however, nasendoscopy identified a polypoid mass at the lateral aspect of the inferior turbinate, obstructing the right NLD opening...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466424/anterior-segment-and-external-ocular-disorders-associated-with-hiv-infections-in-the-era-of-haart-in-chiang-mai-university-hospital-a-prospective-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#6
Tassapol Singalavanija, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Chulaluck Tangmonkongvoragul
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes impairment to the human immune system which leads to immunocompromised conditions, including ocular complications. Several important HIV-associated disorders may involve the anterior segment, ocular surface, and adnexae organ such as dry eye, blepharitis which reduce quality of life of patients. In present, potent antiretroviral therapies HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) has improved the length and quality of life which may lead to an increased prevalence of anterior segment ocular disorders...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373869/-tarsal-kink-pathognomonic-presentation-and-therapy-of-a-rare-congenital-upper-eyelid-malformation
#7
Ulrich Schaudig, Matthias Keserü
BACKGROUND: Presentation of a congenital abnormality that is rare, but follows a distinct course and can be diagnosed and cured promptly if the pathognomonic presentation is recognized. A congenital tarsal kink leads to a malposition of the upper eyelid margin that must not be missed, as it will lead to ulcerative keratitis if it is not treated. CASE PRESENTATION: An otherwise healthy newborn was presented after delivery with forceps with marked unilateral purulent secretion and blepharospasm...
January 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373867/-dacryoendoscopic-surgery-factors-influencing-postoperative-results
#8
Anna Völkerling, Hans-Gert Struck, Kathleen S Kunert, Andrea Schmidt-Pokrzywniak, Miltiadis Fiorentzis, Arne Viestenz, Jens Heichel
BACKGROUND: Dacryoendoscopy (DE) is an established method in lacrimal surgery. Long-term follow-up-analyses of this surgery are of great interest. Here, factors influencing postoperative success rates should be considered to elect suitable patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients having had dacryoendoscopic surgery were included. Using a questionnaire, a prospective follow-up analysis was made. Pre- and intraoperative factors were correlated with treatment success, which was defined as improved epiphora, absence of a second lacrimal surgery and no signs of chronic dacryocystitis (secretion, pain at the lacrimal sac)...
January 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279839/limited-approach-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-of-pediatrics
#9
Seyyed Mostafa Hashemi, Afrooz Eshaghian
Background: Limited spatial nasal cavity in children, make pediatric dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) a difficult surgical procedure. We apply a limited approach to pediatric DCR and follow them for their consequences. Materials and Methods: An experimental study was done in pediatric DCR with limited approach (age < 14-year-old). After written consent, with general anesthesia, with nasal endoscopic surgery, lacrimal bone is exposed and extruded. In contrast with routine procedure, ascending process of maxillary sinus reserve; and marsupialization and wide exposure to lacrimal sac was done only by lacrimal bone defect; and cannulation preserve with temporary silicone tube...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244604/lateral-rhinostomy-for-treatment-of-severe-chronic-rhinosinusitis-in-two-rabbits
#10
Louden Wright, Christoph Mans
CASE DESCRIPTION 2 client-owned rabbits were evaluated for signs of chronic upper respiratory tract disease. CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical signs had been present for 3 weeks and 4 years and included mucopurulent nasal discharge, right-sided maxillary swelling, recurrent dacryocystitis, and intermittent sneezing. One rabbit had been treated with nasolacrimal duct lavage and topical and systemic antimicrobial administration without resolution of clinical signs. Results of CT of the head in both cases indicated severe rhinosinusitis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178851/bacterial-profile-of-ocular-infections-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Hailay Gebreyesus, Ataklti Hailu Atsbaha, Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Muthupandian Saravanan
BACKGROUND: Bacteria are the major contributor of ocular infections worldwide. Ocular infections, if left untreated, can damage the structures of the eye with possible blindness and visual impairments. This work was aimed to review the bacterial profile of ocular infections. METHODS: Literature search was made in different electronic databases; the review was systematically made to get concrete findings. RESULTS: As far as this review, Staphylococcus aureus, Coagulase negative Staphylococci, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the leading isolates in ocular infections...
November 25, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142801/idiopathic-acquired-dacryocystocele-presenting-only-with-epiphora-a-very-rare-case-report
#12
Muhammad Jahanzaib Anwar, Saad A Choudhry, Muhammad Aadil, Ahmer Asif, Atif Ameer
A 42-years-old male presented with left medial canthal swelling, accompanied with only mild epiphora. There was no history of dacryocystitis, mid-facial trauma, surgery, or bloody tears. On examination, there was an immobile, subcutaneous, non-inflammatory mass below the medial canthal tendon. Lacrimal irrigation showed blockade at the nasolacrimal duct. A computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan revealed a non-enhancing, low-density, cystic lesion at the inferomedial margin of the orbit. There were no signs of bony erosion, consistent with idiopathic acquired dacryocystocele...
September 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121183/primary-vs-secondary-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-acute-dacryocystitis-with-lacrimal-sac-abscess-formation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Emmy Y Li, Emily S Wong, Alex C Wong, Hunter K Yuen
Importance: Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EN-DCR) is emerging as the preferred procedure in the management of nasolacrimal duct obstructions. However, its safety and long-term efficacy in the setting of acute dacryocystitis with lacrimal sac abscess have not been well studied. Objective: To compare outcomes of EN-DCR as primary treatment with EN-DCR as a secondary treatment after percutaneous drainage of lacrimal sac abscess in acute dacryocystitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted from October 1, 2012, to October 31, 2015, at a tertiary ophthalmic center...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075016/the-presentation-clinical-features-complications-and-treatment-of-congenital-dacryocystocele
#14
R Davies, W J Watkins, S Kotecha, P Watts
PurposeTo determine the incidence and presenting features of congenital dacryocystocele in the United Kingdom. To report on those cases complicated by dacryocystitis, respiratory compromise, and the treatment undertaken.MethodsA prospective observational study of cases of congenital dacryocystocele presenting in the United Kingdom between September 2014 and October 2015. Infants <3 months of age presenting with a cystic swelling in the medial canthal area were included. Cases were identified via the British Ophthalmology Surveillance Unit (BOSU) reporting system...
October 27, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071273/chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-small-cell-lymphocytic-lymphoma-of-the-lacrimal-sac-a-case-series
#15
Yamini Krishna, Luciane D Irion, Sozan Karim, Aruna Dharmsena, Austin McCormick, Sarah E Coupland
BACKGROUND: Lymphomas of the lacrimal sac are rare, accounting for less than 10% of lacrimal sac malignant tumours. They may present with symptoms typical of secondary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and are thus often misdiagnosed. METHODS: Case series and literature review. RESULTS: Herein we describe 3 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)/small-cell lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) of the lacrimal sac with immunohistochemical and in 1 case molecular confirmation...
September 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039982/botryomycosis-a-surprising-revelation-in-the-lacrimal-sac
#16
Susan Dsouza, Gurudutt M Kamath, Ajay R Kamath, Kausalyakumari Sahoo, Harshita Sharma
A middle aged woman presented to us with a localised well defined swelling of 3 months duration. It was located just below the lower eyelid punctum and was constantly discharging whitish granules. We suspected it to be arising from the lacrimal apparatus and posted the patient for Dacryocystectomy. On the operating table we found a swelling in the region of the lacrimal sac which was later excised. Histopathology revealed Botryomycosis and Chronic Dacryocystitis. Botryomycosis is a rare condition and requires a high index of suspicion to diagnose it...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991514/dacryocystectomy-indications-and-results-at-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-central-saudi-arabia
#17
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Mohammed Dufaileej, Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, Rajiv Khandekar, Silvana A Schellini
PURPOSE: To report indications and success rates of dacryocystectomy (DCT) in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients who underwent DCT at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Saudi Arabia, from 2008 to 2015. Data included patient demographics, symptoms before and after surgery, and complications. Univariate analysis using parametric and non-parametric methods was performed. RESULTS: Forty-seven DCT surgeries were performed over the study period...
October 9, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989288/a-family-of-early-english-oculists-1600-1751-with-a-reappraisal-of-john-thomas-woolhouse-1664-1733-1734
#18
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: John Thomas Woolhouse (1666-1733/1734), who practiced in Paris, was part of a family with 5 generations of English oculists. Some historians have derided him as a "charlatan" and have criticized him for adhering to the old notion that a cataract was a membrane anterior to the lens. METHODS: We reviewed treatises and digital records related to Woolhouse and his family and the handwritten notes of his 1721 lecture series at the Royal Society of Medicine...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985831/immunoglobulin-g4-related-dacryocystitis
#19
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Emiko Takahashi, Kunihiro Nishimura, Hirohiko Kakizaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973285/a-neonate-with-acute-dacryocystitis
#20
Nicholas A Moore, Rao V Chundury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
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