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Dacryocystitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903249/management-lacrimal-sac-abscesses-using-lacrimal-probe-and-crawford-silicon-tube
#1
Lin Lin, Li Yang, Xiuming Jin, Yingying Zhao, Fangli Fan
BACKGROUND: Treatment of lacrimal sac abscess of the traditional surgical approach may result in complications from cutaneous fistula formation, damage the sac, cause skin scarring and even have the potential for inducing cicatricial ectropion. We designed a new treatment scheme that is expected to achieve internal drainage with the use of lacrimal probe and crawford silicon tube. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for the management of lacrimal sac abscesses...
November 30, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853012/outcomes-of-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-experience-of-a-fellowship-trainee-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#2
Saurabh Kamal, Mohammad Javed Ali, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
AIM: The study aims to report a single trainee's experience of learning and performing endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (En-DCR). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was a retrospective, interventional case series. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four eyes of fifty patients presenting at a tertiary eye care center over 1 year were included in the study. All cases underwent endoscopic DCR with mitomycin-C and silicone intubation. The parameters studied included demographics, clinical features, intraoperative details, and postoperative ostium evaluation...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817053/magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-pre-operative-evaluation-of-obstructive-epiphora-true-fisp-and-vibe-vs-gadolinium
#3
Francesco Somma, Vincenzo d'Agostino, Fabio Tortora, Nicola Serra, Gerardo Sorrentino, Valeria Piscitelli, Andrea Somma, Mario Gamerra
PURPOSE: To assess unenhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the preoperative evaluation of obstructive epiphora in patients undergoing dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and in particular, to evaluate the efficacy of this technique in the detection of the exact level of obstruction occurring in the naso-lachrymal duct (NLD). The correct identification and characterization of the NLD and its obstructions lead to a more effective surgery, preventing recurrent dacryocystitis after the surgical treatment...
November 5, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803829/complete-vision-loss-following-orbital-cellulitis-secondary-to-acute-dacryocystitis
#4
Margaret L Pfeiffer, Alexander Hacopian, Helen Merritt, Margaret E Phillips, Karina Richani
We present a case of a 50-year-old woman with acute dacryocystitis that was complicated by posterior rupture of the lacrimal sac causing an orbital cellulitis with subsequent visual acuity of no light perception. Upon presentation, she was immediately started on broad-spectrum antibiotics and underwent surgical incision and drainage of the lacrimal sac abscess but never regained vision. There are 4 cases in the literature of permanent severe vision loss from acute dacryocystitis. Prompt diagnosis and close monitoring of acute dacryocystitis are therefore essential to prevent extension into the orbit and possible optic nerve compromise...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766030/lacrimal-duct-occlusion-is-associated-with-infectious-keratitis
#5
Guigang Li, Jingmin Guo, Rong Liu, Weikun Hu, Lingjuan Xu, Juan Wang, Subo Cai, Hong Zhang, Yingting Zhu
Background: To explore the prevalence of lacrimal duct obstruction in patients with infectious keratitis, and the necessity of lacrimal duct dredge in the treatment of human infectious keratitis. Methodology/Principle Findings: The design is prospective, non-control case series. Thirty-one eyes from twenty-eight continuous patients with infectious keratitis were included in this study. The presence/absence of lacrimal duct obstruction was determined by the lacrimal duct irrigation test. The diagnosis of infectious keratitis was made based on clinical manifestations, cornea scraping microscopic examination and bacterial/fungus culture...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754826/clinical-significance-of-routine-lacrimal-sac-biopsy-during-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#6
Zoran Koturović, Miroslav Knežević, Dejan M Rašić
The main purpose of this paper is to provide the information about the incidence and types of pathology of secondary acquired obstructions of the lacrimal excretory outflow system caused by primary lacrimal sac non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions. After a thorough literature search, 17 case-control studies were found and selected, data were extracted and categorized, to evaluate specific lacrimal sac pathology mimicking inflammation. A total of 3865 histopathologically examined lacrimal sac wall biopsy specimens from 3662 patients, taken during dacryocystorhinostomy for clinically presumed primary chronic dacryocystitis, were analyzed...
October 18, 2016: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636242/a-novel-one-stage-obstruction-based-endoscopic-approach-to-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#7
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Mohammad Bagher Abtahi, Hamed Sianati, Nina Mahvidizadeh, Farzad Pakdel, Pedram Bahmani Kashkouli, Parya Abdolalizadeh
PURPOSE: To report 10-year results of a 1-stage, obstruction-based, endoscopic approach in children with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) with and without prior failed probing/intubation. METHODS: In a retrospective study, children with primary CNLDO of >6 months old previously failed probing/intubation, acute dacryocystitis or dacryocele at any age, and at least 6 months follow up. Diagnosis was based on history of tearing and dye disappearance test...
September 15, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630848/role-of-histomorphology-and-chronic-inflammation-score-in-chronic-dacryocystitis
#8
Sudipta Chakrabarti, Senjuti Dasgupta, Manas Banerjee, Debashis Pal
INTRODUCTION: Diseases of lacrimal drainage system account for nearly 3% of visits to eye clinic. Chronic dacryocystitis is a frequently encountered disorder among these patients. Histomorphology of specimens obtained after Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a pertinent indicator of prognostic outcome. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate histopathology of specimens obtained after DCR and to elucidate patterns and score of chronic inflammation encountered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted for a period of one year...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595013/how-important-is-the-etiology-in-the-treatment-of-epiphora
#9
Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Mehmet Atakan, Berna Akova-Budak
Purpose. There are several etiological factors that cause epiphora, and treatment differs according to the cause. We aimed to evaluate the etiology of epiphora and the treatment modalities of the affected patients. Materials and Methods. Data of patients who were referred to ophthalmology clinics for epiphora were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were evaluated for epiphora etiology, treatment modalities, and duration of complaints, after complete ophthalmologic examination. Results. This study consisted of 163 patients with a mean age of 64...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587346/acquired-fistula-of-the-lacrimal-sac-and-laisser-faire-approach-description-of-the-natural-history-of-acquired-fistulas-between-the-lacrimal-sac-and-the-skin-occurring-before-planned-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-dcr-and-without-any-treatment-of-the-fistula
#10
A Pison, J-L Fau, E Racy, B Fayet
INTRODUCTION: The formation of a fistula between the lacrimal sac and the skin is a classic outcome of resistant lacrimal sac abscesses. There is currently no consensus about treatment in such cases. The goal of this study was to describe the natural history of acquired fistulas between the lacrimal sac and the skin, occurring before planned endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and without any treatment of the fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was only descriptive and included patients between 1999 and 2012...
October 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555715/a-surprise-in-the-lacrimal-sac
#11
Nilay Yuksel, Emine Akcay, Aydan Kilicarslan, Umut Ozen, Faruk Ozturk
To present a case with recurrent dacryocystitis as an unusual complication of medial orbital wall fracture repair with cartilage tissue graft. A 20-year-old male had facial trauma and underwent surgery to reconstruct right medial orbital wall fracture. During follow-up, he presented with continuous epiphora, mucopurulent discharge from the right eye. A thorough history taking indicated that medial orbital fracture was reconstructed with postauricular cartilage. We planned a standard external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR)...
July 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543067/a-comparative-study-of-transcanalicular-diode-laser-supported-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-and-non-laser-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy
#12
Gültekin Övet, Yasar Sakarya, Mehmet Şentürk
OBJECTIVE: The primary surgical procedure for nasolacrimal duct obstruction is dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). The purpose of this study was to compare non-laser endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (NL-EnDCR) and transcanalicular diode laser-supported endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (TDLS-EnDCR). MATERIALS AND METHOD: The data of patients who underwent DCR with the diagnosis of epiphora and chronic dacryocystitis between the years 2010 and 2016 were examined retrospectively...
July 12, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534787/primary-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-lacrimal-sac-%C3%A2-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
T N Janakiram, S Sagar, S B Sharma, V Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Lacrimal sac tumors are very rare and are often missed because patients present with features consistent with chronic dacryocystitis. Squamous cell carcinoma is the common-est lacrimal sac malignancy. Although primary mucoepidermoid carcinomas of the lacrimal sac are rare, they are locally aggressive. Furthermore, their proximity to vital structures and the skull base makes them potentially life-threatening. Multidisciplinary management is required, and wide excision followed by chemoradiation is the recommended treatment...
2016: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533513/dacryolithiasis-a-review
#14
Kapil Mishra, Karen Y Hu, Saurabh Kamal, Aleza Andron, Robert C Della Rocca, Mohammad Javed Ali, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
PURPOSE: To review and summarize the clinical features, presentations, diagnostic modalities and management of dacryolithiasis. METHODS: A comprehensive PubMed search of all English articles on dacryolithiasis was reviewed. Although this review primarily relied on articles written in English, non-English-language articles that had abstracts translated into English were also reviewed. Data reviewed included epidemiology, pathogenesis, appearance and composition, clinical features, presentations, diagnostic modalities, management of dacryolithiasis and the implications of incidental dacryoliths found during lacrimal surgery...
August 16, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505272/primary-nonendoscopic-endonasal-versus-delayed-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-acute-dacryocystitis
#15
Saurabh Jain, Anasua Ganguly, Swati Singh, Samir Mohapatra, Devjyoti Tripathy, Suryasnata Rath
PURPOSE: Conventional treatment for acute dacryocystitis consists of medical management followed by elective delayed external dacryocystorhinostomy (EXT-DCR). The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome after primary nonendoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (NEN-DCR) versus conventional treatment in acute dacryocystitis. METHODS: Retrospective chart analysis of all consecutive patients of acute dacryocystitis presenting between 2011 and 2015 was performed...
August 8, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462255/lacrimal-sac-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-with-metastases-to-the-cavernous-sinus-following-dacryocystorhinostomy-treated-with-stereotactic-radiotherapy
#16
Jonathan C P Roos, Bijan Beigi
PURPOSE: We report a very good outcome in a 44-year-old woman in whom cancer was missed as the cause of nasolacrimal duct obstruction and dacryocystitis and which was deemed inoperable after spreading to the cavernous sinus. CASE REPORT: The patient was referred to our unit 12 months following uneventful right dacryocystorhinostomy for nasolacrimal duct obstruction. This had been complicated by the formation of a significant canthal swelling 6 months later, which had been excised at that time...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399840/clinical-and-microbiologic-features-of-dacryocystitis-related-orbital-cellulitis
#17
Edward J Wladis, Roman Shinder, Daniel R LeFebvre, Jason A Sokol, Michelle Boyce
Dacryocystitis-related orbital cellulitis is a relatively rare condition, and large case series of this clinical entity have been reported. This study was undertaken to identify a larger cohort of patients with this ailment, with the intent of defining its clinical and microbiologic features. Case logs from four institutions were reviewed to identify patients that suffered from dacryocystitis-related orbital cellulitis. A retrospective chart review was then performed to identify clinical features, management strategies, microbiologic features, and outcomes...
October 2016: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367270/treatment-of-acute-purulent-dacryocystitis-by-early-bicanalicular-silicone-intubation-safety-efficacy-and-outcomes
#18
Wenjie Wu, Zhiwei Li, Duan Yan, Yong Lin, Nuo Xu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and outcomes of early bicanalicular silicone intubation in the treatment of acute purulent dacryocystitis. METHODS: This prospective interventional case series focused on acute purulent dacryocystitis from February 2010 to March 2014. Of the 21 cases, 16 cases were treated at the Fujian Provincial Hospital, and five cases were treated at the Lianjiang Hospital. Bicanalicular silicone intubation was inserted in the original lacrimal duct within 10 days after abscess decompression by pus aspiration method and systemic antibiotic application...
July 1, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260576/long-term-outcomes-of-cruciate-marsupialization-of-intra-nasal-cysts-in-patients-with-congenital-dacryocele
#19
Mohammad Javed Ali, Swati Singh, Milind N Naik
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of cruciate marsupialization of intranasal cysts associated with congenital dacryocele. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 15 patients of dacryoceles with intranasal cysts who underwent cruciate marsupialization of the medial wall of the cyst. Post-operative follow up for a minimum of 9 months was an inclusion criterion for analysis. Data analyzed include demographics, clinical presentations, previous interventions, associated systemic abnormalities, clinical course following marsupialization and recurrences...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242921/in-vivo-and-cadaver-studies-of-the-canalicular-lacrimal-sac-mucosal-folds
#20
Yongsheng You, Jing Cao, Xiaogang Zhang, Wencan Wu, Tianlin Xiao, Yunhai Tu
Purpose. The study aimed to investigate canalicular/lacrimal sac mucosal folds (CLS-MFs) in vivo and in cadavers in order to explore their functional roles in the lacrimal drainage system. Method. The observations of CLS-MFs in vivo were performed on 16 patients with chronic dacryocystitis after undergoing an endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EE-DCR). The lacrimal sacs and common canaliculi of 19 adult cadavers were dissected. The opening/closing of an orifice and mucosal fold was recorded. All of the specimens were subjected to a histological examination...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
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