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Dacryocystitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373869/-tarsal-kink-pathognomonic-presentation-and-therapy-of-a-rare-congenital-upper-eyelid-malformation
#1
Ulrich Schaudig, Matthias Keserü
BACKGROUND: Presentation of a congenital abnormality that is rare, but follows a distinct course and can be diagnosed and cured promptly if the pathognomonic presentation is recognized. A congenital tarsal kink leads to a malposition of the upper eyelid margin that must not be missed, as it will lead to ulcerative keratitis if it is not treated. CASE PRESENTATION: An otherwise healthy newborn was presented after delivery with forceps with marked unilateral purulent secretion and blepharospasm...
January 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373867/-dacryoendoscopic-surgery-factors-influencing-postoperative-results
#2
Anna Völkerling, Hans-Gert Struck, Kathleen S Kunert, Andrea Schmidt-Pokrzywniak, Miltiadis Fiorentzis, Arne Viestenz, Jens Heichel
BACKGROUND: Dacryoendoscopy (DE) is an established method in lacrimal surgery. Long-term follow-up-analyses of this surgery are of great interest. Here, factors influencing postoperative success rates should be considered to elect suitable patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients having had dacryoendoscopic surgery were included. Using a questionnaire, a prospective follow-up analysis was made. Pre- and intraoperative factors were correlated with treatment success, which was defined as improved epiphora, absence of a second lacrimal surgery and no signs of chronic dacryocystitis (secretion, pain at the lacrimal sac)...
January 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279839/limited-approach-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-of-pediatrics
#3
Seyyed Mostafa Hashemi, Afrooz Eshaghian
Background: Limited spatial nasal cavity in children, make pediatric dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) a difficult surgical procedure. We apply a limited approach to pediatric DCR and follow them for their consequences. Materials and Methods: An experimental study was done in pediatric DCR with limited approach (age < 14-year-old). After written consent, with general anesthesia, with nasal endoscopic surgery, lacrimal bone is exposed and extruded. In contrast with routine procedure, ascending process of maxillary sinus reserve; and marsupialization and wide exposure to lacrimal sac was done only by lacrimal bone defect; and cannulation preserve with temporary silicone tube...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244604/lateral-rhinostomy-for-treatment-of-severe-chronic-rhinosinusitis-in-two-rabbits
#4
Louden Wright, Christoph Mans
CASE DESCRIPTION 2 client-owned rabbits were evaluated for signs of chronic upper respiratory tract disease. CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical signs had been present for 3 weeks and 4 years and included mucopurulent nasal discharge, right-sided maxillary swelling, recurrent dacryocystitis, and intermittent sneezing. One rabbit had been treated with nasolacrimal duct lavage and topical and systemic antimicrobial administration without resolution of clinical signs. Results of CT of the head in both cases indicated severe rhinosinusitis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178851/bacterial-profile-of-ocular-infections-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Hailay Gebreyesus, Ataklti Hailu Atsbaha, Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Muthupandian Saravanan
BACKGROUND: Bacteria are the major contributor of ocular infections worldwide. Ocular infections, if left untreated, can damage the structures of the eye with possible blindness and visual impairments. This work was aimed to review the bacterial profile of ocular infections. METHODS: Literature search was made in different electronic databases; the review was systematically made to get concrete findings. RESULTS: As far as this review, Staphylococcus aureus, Coagulase negative Staphylococci, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the leading isolates in ocular infections...
November 25, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142801/idiopathic-acquired-dacryocystocele-presenting-only-with-epiphora-a-very-rare-case-report
#6
Muhammad Jahanzaib Anwar, Saad A Choudhry, Muhammad Aadil, Ahmer Asif, Atif Ameer
A 42-years-old male presented with left medial canthal swelling, accompanied with only mild epiphora. There was no history of dacryocystitis, mid-facial trauma, surgery, or bloody tears. On examination, there was an immobile, subcutaneous, non-inflammatory mass below the medial canthal tendon. Lacrimal irrigation showed blockade at the nasolacrimal duct. A computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan revealed a non-enhancing, low-density, cystic lesion at the inferomedial margin of the orbit. There were no signs of bony erosion, consistent with idiopathic acquired dacryocystocele...
September 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121183/primary-vs-secondary-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-acute-dacryocystitis-with-lacrimal-sac-abscess-formation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Emmy Y Li, Emily S Wong, Alex C Wong, Hunter K Yuen
Importance: Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EN-DCR) is emerging as the preferred procedure in the management of nasolacrimal duct obstructions. However, its safety and long-term efficacy in the setting of acute dacryocystitis with lacrimal sac abscess have not been well studied. Objective: To compare outcomes of EN-DCR as primary treatment with EN-DCR as a secondary treatment after percutaneous drainage of lacrimal sac abscess in acute dacryocystitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted from October 1, 2012, to October 31, 2015, at a tertiary ophthalmic center...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075016/the-presentation-clinical-features-complications-and-treatment-of-congenital-dacryocystocele
#8
R Davies, W J Watkins, S Kotecha, P Watts
PurposeTo determine the incidence and presenting features of congenital dacryocystocele in the United Kingdom. To report on those cases complicated by dacryocystitis, respiratory compromise, and the treatment undertaken.MethodsA prospective observational study of cases of congenital dacryocystocele presenting in the United Kingdom between September 2014 and October 2015. Infants <3 months of age presenting with a cystic swelling in the medial canthal area were included. Cases were identified via the British Ophthalmology Surveillance Unit (BOSU) reporting system...
October 27, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071273/chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-small-cell-lymphocytic-lymphoma-of-the-lacrimal-sac-a-case-series
#9
Yamini Krishna, Luciane D Irion, Sozan Karim, Aruna Dharmsena, Austin McCormick, Sarah E Coupland
BACKGROUND: Lymphomas of the lacrimal sac are rare, accounting for less than 10% of lacrimal sac malignant tumours. They may present with symptoms typical of secondary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and are thus often misdiagnosed. METHODS: Case series and literature review. RESULTS: Herein we describe 3 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)/small-cell lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) of the lacrimal sac with immunohistochemical and in 1 case molecular confirmation...
September 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039982/botryomycosis-a-surprising-revelation-in-the-lacrimal-sac
#10
Susan Dsouza, Gurudutt M Kamath, Ajay R Kamath, Kausalyakumari Sahoo, Harshita Sharma
A middle aged woman presented to us with a localised well defined swelling of 3 months duration. It was located just below the lower eyelid punctum and was constantly discharging whitish granules. We suspected it to be arising from the lacrimal apparatus and posted the patient for Dacryocystectomy. On the operating table we found a swelling in the region of the lacrimal sac which was later excised. Histopathology revealed Botryomycosis and Chronic Dacryocystitis. Botryomycosis is a rare condition and requires a high index of suspicion to diagnose it...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991514/dacryocystectomy-indications-and-results-at-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-central-saudi-arabia
#11
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Mohammed Dufaileej, Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, Rajiv Khandekar, Silvana A Schellini
PURPOSE: To report indications and success rates of dacryocystectomy (DCT) in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients who underwent DCT at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Saudi Arabia, from 2008 to 2015. Data included patient demographics, symptoms before and after surgery, and complications. Univariate analysis using parametric and non-parametric methods was performed. RESULTS: Forty-seven DCT surgeries were performed over the study period...
October 9, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989288/a-family-of-early-english-oculists-1600-1751-with-a-reappraisal-of-john-thomas-woolhouse-1664-1733-1734
#12
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: John Thomas Woolhouse (1666-1733/1734), who practiced in Paris, was part of a family with 5 generations of English oculists. Some historians have derided him as a "charlatan" and have criticized him for adhering to the old notion that a cataract was a membrane anterior to the lens. METHODS: We reviewed treatises and digital records related to Woolhouse and his family and the handwritten notes of his 1721 lecture series at the Royal Society of Medicine...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985831/immunoglobulin-g4-related-dacryocystitis
#13
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Emiko Takahashi, Kunihiro Nishimura, Hirohiko Kakizaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973285/a-neonate-with-acute-dacryocystitis
#14
Nicholas A Moore, Rao V Chundury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969168/clinical-outcome-of-probing-in-infants-with-acute-dacryocystitis-a-prospective-study
#15
Bhawesh Chandra Saha, Rashmi Kumari, Bibhuti Prasanna Sinha
INTRODUCTION: Acute dacryocystitis is an uncommon but serious condition in infants and needs immediate treatment. Although, medical management with systemic antibiotics remains the mainstay of initial treatment, there are recent studies justifying simultaneous Naso Lacrimal Duct (NLD) probing with acceptable success rate. AIM: To assess the success rate of probing in the management of infantile acute dacryocystitis and to analyse the factors affecting it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective interventional study was designed and infants presenting with acute dacryocystitis with or without complications like dacryocystopyocele/ lacrimal abscess/preseptal cellulitis at a Tertiary Eye Care Centre from May 2014 to April 2016 were enrolled...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902722/diagnostic-approach-to-ocular-infections-using-various-techniques-from-conventional-culture-to-next-generation-sequencing-analysis
#16
Hiroshi Eguchi, Fumika Hotta, Tomomi Kuwahara, Haruyuki Imaohji, Chika Miyazaki, Miou Hirose, Shunji Kusaka, Masahiko Fukuda, Yoshikazu Shimomura
Ocular infection is caused by both endogenous (resident) and exogenous (environmental) microbes. As the ocular surface interacts with both outer environment and its own resident microbiota, clinical ocular samples are predicted to contain a diverse set of microorganisms. Microscopy of sample smears is an important step in the diagnostic process of infectious diseases to interpret the culture results. Traditional culture techniques have several limitations in the detection and/or identification of uncharacterized bacteria of environmental origin...
November 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860923/concomitant-orbital-aspergillosis-and-mucormycosis-in-a-17%C3%A2-months-old-immunocompetent-child
#17
Fatima A Habroosh, Habibullah Eatamadi, Rawia M Mohamed
Isolated multiple orbital fungal infection (aspergillosis & mucormycosis) is extremely rare disease in immunocompetent individuals and especially in children. Placement of prosthetic device during the surgery could be one of the risk factors. The presentation is usually masquerading other entities which make early diagnosis a challengeable. This case presenting a 17 months old immunocompetent child who is diagnosed with isolated multiple orbital fungal infection: aspergillosis & mucormycosis. The presentation was mimicking orbital cellulitis and chronic dacryocystitis...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860918/accidentally-diagnosed-transitional-cell-papilloma-of-the-lacrimal-sac
#18
Tarjani Vivek Dave, Dilip Mishra, Ruchi Mittal, Mohammad Javed Ali
Lacrimal sac tumors are extremely rare but can be life threatening. Seventy percent of lacrimal sac tumors are of epithelial origin. Inverted transitional cell papilloma of the lacrimal sac is a rare epithelial sinonasal tumor of benign etiology with local invasion and malignant potential. These lesions may remain undiagnosed or may present with signs and symptoms of dacryocystitis or may transform to transitional cell carcinomas. Most lesions are diagnosed intra-operatively while performing a dacryocystorhinostomy...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832742/ultrasound-parameters-of-normal-lacrimal-sac-and-chronic-dacryocystitis
#19
Marco Antonio de Campos Machado, João Amaro Ferrari Silva, Eduardo Alonso Garcia, Norma Allemann
PURPOSE: To compared the ultrasound findings of the lacrimal sac between subjects with normal lacrimal systems those with chronic dacryocystitis. METHODS: A retrospective study of 10 subjects with a normal lacrimal system (Group 1) and 10 with chronic dacryocystitis (Group 2) diagnosed according to B-mode ultrasound with a 10-MHz transducer and the direct-contact technique (AVISO, Quantel Medical) for lacrimal sac assessment. We analyzed the dimensions, features, and content of the sacs...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830451/bacterial-pathogens-associated-with-external-ocular-infections-alongside-eminent-proportion-of-multidrug-resistant-isolates-at-the-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Ergibnesh Getahun, Baye Gelaw, Abate Assefa, Yared Assefa, Anteneh Amsalu
BACKGROUND: External ocular infection is a public health problem in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of external ocular bacterial infections. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted at the University of Gondar Hospital among patients seeking health services at the Department of Ophthalmology from January to April, 2016. All patients with suspected external ocular infections were examined under slit lamp microscope...
August 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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