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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099295/comparison-of-resource-utilization-and-length-of-hospitalization-between-overweight-and-healthy-weight-pediatric-trauma-patients-presenting-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department-with-moderate-to-severe-injury-a-prospective-study
#2
Theresa Romano, Ioannis Koutroulis, Evan Weiner, Anthony Little, Sabina Singh
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to compare overweight and healthy-weight pediatric trauma patient outcomes, specifically with respect to hospital length of stay and resource utilization. We hypothesized that overweight pediatric trauma patients would have increased hospital length of stay and radiographic study use compared with their healthy-weight counterparts. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, cohort study of pediatric trauma patients aged 2 to 19 years presenting to an urban pediatric emergency department over a period of 1 year...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099107/case-238-spontaneous-pneumothorax-secondary-to-intrapulmonary-necrobiotic-rheumatoid-nodule
#3
Ammar A Chaudhry, Maryam Gul, Abbas A Chaudhry, William Moore
History A 54-year-old white woman with a history of rheumatoid arthritis who was taking glucocorticoids and methotrexate presented to the emergency department in December with worsening shortness of breath and chest heaviness for 1 week. She reported additional symptoms of weakness, headache, and arthralgia primarily involving her bilateral hands, wrist, ankles, and feet. She denied experiencing fevers, syncope or presyncope, focal neurologic deficits, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, unintentional weight loss, or recent trauma...
February 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096873/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-role-of-maltreatment-and-potential-mediators
#4
Yong-Chun Bahk, Seon-Kyeong Jang, Kee-Hong Choi, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is recognized as an important risk factor in suicidal ideation, however it is not fully understood how the different types of childhood maltreatment influence suicidal ideation nor what variables mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and suicidal ideation. This study examined the path from childhood trauma to suicidal ideation, including potential mediators. METHODS: A sample of 211 healthy adults completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Beck scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096009/perceptions-of-dying-well-and-distressing-death-by-acute-care-nurses
#5
Christine A Becker, Greg Wright, Kristen Schmit
AIM: This study aims to identify perceptions of nurses practicing in four adult inpatient units regarding their actions to provide quality end of life care for dying patients, their definitions of dying well, and their symptoms of distress and actions they took for relief. BACKGROUND: Nurses caring for patients who are dying want them to have the best death possible; however, many nurses are not prepared for every death which may occur. METHODS: Qualitative questionnaire data were collected from 49 nurses on four adult inpatient nursing units to analyze nurse perceptions of distressing death and dying well...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093636/non-surgical-treatment-of-pubic-overload-and-groin-pain-in-amateur-football-players-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomised-controlled-study
#6
M Schöberl, L Prantl, O Loose, J Zellner, P Angele, F Zeman, M Spreitzer, M Nerlich, W Krutsch
PURPOSE: The incidence of groin pain in athletes is steadily increasing. Symptomatic pubic overload with groin pain and aseptic osteitis pubis represent well-known and frequently misdiagnosed overuse injuries in athletes. This study investigated the benefits of standardised non-surgical treatment for swift return-to-football. METHODS: In a prospective double-blinded controlled study, 143 amateur football players with groin pain as well as radiological signs and clinical symptoms of pubic overload were analysed for 1 year...
January 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088935/status-of-ocular-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-in-kashan-2011-as-a-sample-of-industrial-city
#7
Mehdi Shaeri, Alireza Moravveji, Mohammad-Reza Fazel, Fatemeh Rangraz Jeddi
PURPOSE: Ocular trauma is the third leading cause of hospitalization in ophthalmology patients, imposing direct and indirect physical and psychological costs on society. This study aims to investigate the status of ocular trauma in hospitalized patients in the industrialized city of Kashan in 2011. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive applied study was conducted in 2012 on patients hospitalized for ocular trauma. Data, including age, gender, occupation, education, timing of admission following accident, location of accident, type of injury, damaging instrument, and type of trauma, were collected using a questionnaire designed by a trained nurse, and analyzed using SPSS-16 software by means of means ± standard deviation, frequency, and percentage for descriptive data and t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Chi-square and Fisher exact test for analysis at significance level of p < 0...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087129/childhood-maltreatment-and-unprotected-sex-among-female-juvenile-offenders-evidence-of-mediation-by-substance-abuse-and-psychological-distress
#8
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Sandra Larson, Aliya Buttar, Lindsey Dermid-Gray
PURPOSE: Research has shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with sexual risk taking among female juvenile offenders; however, the mechanisms by which maltreatment influences sexual risk remain poorly understood. We assessed whether substance abuse, psychological distress, and dating violence mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and unprotected sex. METHODS: Sexually active female juvenile offenders (13-17 years of age) completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews (n = 232)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081306/tracheal-intubation-in-patients-immobilized-by-a-rigid-collar-a-comparison-of-glidescope-and-an-intubating-laryngeal-mask-airway
#9
Semih Özdil, Zehra İpek Arslan Aydın, Zehra Nur Baykara, Kamil Toker, Zeynep Mine Solak
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intubation must be rapidly performed with the utmost care in cervical trauma patients. We present the first comparison of GlideScope and an intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) regarding insertion and intubation times, intubation success rates, mucosal damage, need for optimization maneuvers, effects on hemodynamic changes, and postoperative minor complications in a simulated cervical injury with a Philadelphia cervical collar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethics committee approval and patient consent were obtained and 94 American Society of Anesthesiology physical status I or II patients were enrolled in this study...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077211/the-effect-of-socio-economic-status-on-non-fatal-outcome-after-injury-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
N Kruithof, M A C de Jongh, L de Munter, K W W Lansink, S Polinder
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the number of survivors of injuries has rapidly grown. It has become important to focus more on the determinants of non-fatal outcome. Although socio-economic status (SES) is considered to be a fundamental determinant of health in general, the role of SES as a determinant of non-fatal outcome after injury is largely unknown. METHODS: An online search was conducted in November 2015 using Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Cinahl, Cochrane, Google scholar and PubMed...
January 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075656/intimate-partner-violence-and-5-year-weight-change-in-young-women-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Susan M Mason, Noussaiba Ayour, Suzanne Canney, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and obesity are national public health problems that are potentially associated. We examined the association between IPV exposure and 5-year weight gain in young women. We also examined whether depressive mood conferred additional increases in weight gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analyses were conducted among women in Project EAT, a longitudinal cohort study of weight-related health, which has collected data at three 5-year survey waves: "EAT I" (mean age 15 years), "EAT II" (mean age 19 years), and "EAT III" (mean age 25 years)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074894/characteristics-of-unilateral-tibial-plateau-fractures-among-adult-patients-hospitalized-at-an-orthopaedic-trauma-centre-in-china
#12
Yong Liu, Zhengwen Liao, Lei Shang, Wenhua Huang, Dawei Zhang, Guoxian Pei
The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of unilateral tibial plateau fractures among hospitalized adult patients in Xijing Hospital, to evaluate the accuracy of Schatzker classification system and AO/OTA classification system to tibial plateau fractures. We retrospectively analysed clinical data on 274 patients admitted to Xijing Hospital between September 2006 and August 2015. The patients' demographic characteristics, admission periods and seasons, external causes and fracture types were recorded and summarized...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072649/is-early-definitive-fixation-of-bicondylar-tibial-plateau-fractures-safe-an-observational-cohort-study
#13
Florence Unno, Kelly A Lefaivre, Georg Osterhoff, Pierre Guy, Henry M Broekhuyse, Piotr A Blachut, Peter O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: The optimal treatment protocol for bicondylar plateau fractures remains controversial. Contrary to popular practice which favors a staged protocol in many high-energy fracture patterns, we have used early single-stage open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) to treat these injuries whenever possible. The purpose of this study was to determine the complication rate as well as the functional and radiographic outcomes of this strategy. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort study and prospective data collection...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#14
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070873/animal-models-of-ptsd-a-critical-review
#15
Elizabeth I Flandreau, Mate Toth
The goals of animal research in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include better understanding the neurophysiological etiology of PTSD, identifying potential targets for novel pharmacotherapies, and screening drugs for their potential use as PTSD treatment in humans. Diagnosis of PTSD relies on a patient interview and, as evidenced by changes to the diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5, an adequate description of this disorder in humans is a moving target. Therefore, it may seem insurmountable to model the construct of PTSD in animals such as rodents...
January 10, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069345/patients-perspectives-on-quality-of-life-after-burn
#16
Marianne B Kool, Rinie Geenen, Marthe R Egberts, Hendriët Wanders, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The concept quality of life (QOL) refers to both health-related outcomes and one's skills to reach these outcomes, which is not yet incorporated in the burn-related QOL conceptualisation. The aim of this study was to obtain a comprehensive overview of relevant burn-specific domains of QOL from the patient's perspective and to determine its hierarchical structure. METHODS: Concept mapping was used comprising a focus group (n=6), interviews (n=25), and a card-sorting task (n=24) in burn survivors...
January 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069269/clinical-considerations-for-blunt-laryngotracheal-trauma-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Jeffrey Cheng, Matthew Cooper, Elisabeth Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of blunt pediatric laryngeal and tracheal trauma and development of proposed evaluation and management strategy. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and proposed clinical consideration algorithm. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. REVIEW METHODS: A medical librarian was utilized. RESULTS: 329 titles and abstracts were identified, and 50 reports were included...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#18
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064088/asylum-seekers-alleging-torture-in-their-countries-evaluation-of-a-french-center
#19
Renaud Clément, David Lebossé, Lucia Barrios, Olivier Rodat
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056159/obturator-artery-injury-resulting-in-massive-hemorrhage-from-a-low-energy-pubic-ramus-fracture
#20
Mark K Solarz, Justin M Kistler, Saqib Rehman
Pelvic ring fractures are common in the elderly population and are usually a result of low-energy trauma, such as falls from standing. In most cases, low-energy pelvic ring injuries can be treated with appropriate analgesia and early mobilization. Arterial injury resulting in hemodynamic instability from a low-energy pelvic ring injury is rare but, given the poor compliance of vessels in the elderly population, possible. These patients must be carefully monitored after the initial injury. The purpose of this report is to describe an elderly patient who sustained a superior pubic ramus fracture and arterial injury following a low-energy fall from standing that required angiographic intervention...
January 5, 2017: Orthopedics
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