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General practice Australia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320670/diagnosing-copd-and-supporting-smoking-cessation-in-general-practice-evidence-practice-gaps
#1
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas A Zwar, Grant M Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
OBJECTIVES: To review the accuracy of diagnoses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in primary care in Australia, and to describe smokers' experiences with and preferences for smoking cessation. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients were invited to participate if they were at least 40 years old and had visited participating general practice clinics in Melbourne at least twice during the previous 12 months, reported being current or ex-smokers with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years, or were being managed for COPD...
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314524/current-lung-cancer-screening-practice-amongst-general-practitioners-in-western-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
David Manners, Helen Wilcox, Annette McWilliams, Francesco Piccolo, Helena Liira, Fraser Brims
Lung cancer screening with low dose computed tomography (LDCT) is recommended in the USA and Canada for high-risk smokers but not in Australia. We administered a cross-sectional survey to Western Australian general practitioners (GP). The majority (64/93, 69%) reported requesting a screening chest X-ray (42/93, 45%) and/or LDCT (38/93, 41%) in the past year. LDCT screening was more common if the GP had received education from radiology practices (odds ratio (OR) 2.81, P = 0.03) or if they believed screening is funded by the Medical Benefits Scheme (OR 3...
January 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314438/transnational-comparability-of-advanced-pharmacy-practice-developmental-frameworks-a-country-level-crossover-mapping-study
#3
Arit Udoh, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates, Kirsten Galbraith
BACKGROUND: Previous work by the International Pharmaceutical Federation Education Initiative (FIPEd) demonstrates that even though some country-specific variations occur in pharmacy practice, there exists a set of practice-related competencies that are globally applicable. This study aimed to evaluate the transnational comparability of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society Advanced Pharmacy Framework (RPS-APF, Great Britain) and the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Framework for Australia (APPF)...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310901/why-do-we-not-want-to-recommend-influenza-vaccination-to-young-children-a-qualitative-study-of-australian-parents-and-primary-care-providers
#4
Ruby Biezen, Danilla Grando, Danielle Mazza, Bianca Brijnath
INTRODUCTION: Influenza vaccination has been shown to be safe and effective against influenza and in the prevention of complicating secondary respiratory illnesses. However, its uptake in young children remains low. This study explored the views, attitudes and practices of parents and primary care providers (PCPs) on their knowledge and acceptance of influenza vaccination in children under 5. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional qualitative research design, we conducted 30 in-depth interviews with PCPs (i...
January 5, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299710/follow-up-recommendations-after-diagnosis-of-primary-cutaneous-melanoma-a-population-based-study-in-new-south-wales-australia
#5
Rebecca L Read, Christine M Madronio, Anne E Cust, Chris Goumas, Caroline G Watts, Scott Menzies, Austin M Curtin, Graham Mann, John F Thompson, Rachael L Morton
BACKGROUND: Follow-up practices after diagnosis and treatment of primary cutaneous melanoma vary considerably. We aimed to determine factors associated with recommendations for follow-up setting, frequency, skin surveillance, and concordance with clinical guidelines. METHODS: The population-based Melanoma Patterns of Care study documented clinicians' recommendations for follow-up for 2148 patients diagnosed with primary cutaneous melanoma over a 12-month period (2006/2007) in New South Wales, Australia...
January 3, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288182/implementation-of-a-lung-cancer-multidisciplinary-team-standardised-template-for-reporting-to-general-practitioners-a-mixed-method-study
#6
Nicole M Rankin, Gemma K Collett, Clare M Brown, Tim J Shaw, Kahren M White, Philip J Beale, Lyndal J Trevena, Cleola Anderiesz, David J Barnes
OBJECTIVES: Few interventions have been designed that provide standardised information to primary care clinicians about the diagnostic and treatment recommendations resulting from cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) (tumour board) meetings. This study aimed to develop, implement and evaluate a standardised template for lung cancer MDTs to provide clinical information and treatment recommendations to general practitioners (GPs). Specific objectives were to (1) evaluate template feasibility (acceptability, appropriateness and timeliness) with GPs and (2) document processes of preimplementation, implementation and evaluation within the MDT setting...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285763/gp-practices-as-a-one-stop-shop-how-do-patients-perceive-the-quality-of-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thirty-four-countries
#7
Willemijn L A Schäfer, Wienke G W Boerma, François G Schellevis, Peter P Groenewegen
OBJECTIVE: To contribute to the current knowledge on how a broad range of services offered by general practitioners (GPs) may contribute to the patient perceived quality and, hence, the potential benefits of primary care. STUDY SETTING: Between 2011 and 2013, primary care data were collected among GPs and their patients in 31 European countries, plus Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. In these countries, GPs are the main providers of primary care, mostly specialized in family medicine and working in the ambulatory setting...
December 29, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261177/reproductive-genetic-carrier-screening-for-cystic-fibrosis-fragile-x-syndrome-and-spinal-muscular-atrophy-in-australia-outcomes-of-12-000-tests
#8
Alison Dalton Archibald, Melanie Jane Smith, Trent Burgess, Katrina Louise Scarff, Justine Elliott, Clare Elizabeth Hunt, Caitlin Barns-Jenkins, Chelsea Holt, Karina Sandoval, Vanessa Siva Kumar, Lisa Ward, Emily Caroline Allen, Sarah Valerie Collis, Shannon Cowie, David Francis, Martin B Delatycki, Eppie Mildred Yiu, R John Massie, Mark Domenic Pertile, Desirée du Sart, Damien Bruno, David J Amor
PurposeTo describe our experience of offering simultaneous genetic carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF), fragile X syndrome (FXS), and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).MethodsCarrier screening is offered through general practice, obstetrics, fertility, and genetics settings before or in early pregnancy. Carriers are offered genetic counseling with prenatal/preimplantation genetic diagnosis available to those at increased risk.ResultsScreening of 12,000 individuals revealed 610 carriers (5.08%; 1 in 20): 342 CF, 35 FXS, 241 SMA (8 carriers of 2 conditions), approximately 88% of whom had no family history...
October 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234498/evaluation-of-the-national-return-of-unwanted-medicines-rum-program-in-australia-a-study-protocol
#9
Amanda J Wheeler, Jean Spinks, Emilie Bettington, Fiona Kelly
Background: The National Return of Unwanted Medicines (NatRUM) program in Australia is one of the few nationally coordinated, free-to-consumer schemes to dispose of unwanted medicines globally. This scheme has been in operation since 1996, however, little is known about public awareness of the scheme and its effectiveness in reducing unsafe disposal practices. The study objectives are to undertake a review of (1) the current use of the NatRUM scheme by consumers; and (11) to investigate disposal practices and beliefs of the general population...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233586/does-patients-experience-of-general-practice-affect-the-use-of-emergency-departments-evidence-from-australia
#10
Chun Yee Wong, Jane Hall
AS Emergency Department (ED) attendances have been growing rapidly, various strategies have been employed in Australia to improve access to General Practitioner (GP) care, particularly after normal working hours, in order to reduce the demand for ED. However, there has been little attention paid to the quality of GP care and whether that influences ED attendances. This paper investigates whether ED use is affected by patients' experience of GP care, using the logit model to analyse data from a survey of Australian consumers (1758 individuals)...
December 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220703/referral-to-specialist-physiotherapists-in-the-management-of-whiplash-associated-disorders-perspectives-of-healthcare-practitioners
#11
Aila Nica Bandong, Andrew Leaver, Martin Mackey, Michele Sterling, Joan Kelly, Carrie Ritchie, Trudy Rebbeck
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for whiplash associated disorders (WAD) recommend early referral to specialists (e.g. specialist physiotherapists) of people who are not recovering. This recommendation is a key component of a proposed clinical pathway of care for WAD. OBJECTIVE: To explore healthcare practitioners' opinions about referral to specialist physiotherapists of people with WAD at high risk of non-recovery. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study...
November 22, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194902/metastatic-prostate-cancer-incidence-in-australia-after-amendment-to-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-guidelines
#12
Sabin Smith, Philippe Wolanski
BACKGROUND: To compare the incidence of newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer at an Australian facility pre- and post-publication of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines and subsequent amendment of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Preventive Activities in General Practice guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken by patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer following transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy between 2009 and 2014...
November 30, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187145/-sussing-that-doctor-out-experiences-and-perspectives-of-people-affected-by-hepatitis-c-regarding-engagement-with-private-general-practitioners-in-south-australia-a-qualitative-study
#13
Jane Scarborough, Emma Ruth Miller, Paul Aylward, Jaklin Eliott
BACKGROUND: Australians with chronic hepatitis C (HCV) can access affordable Direct Acting Antiviral (DAA) treatments with high cure rates (>90%), via General Practitioners (GPs). Benefits from this treatment will be maximised if people with HCV readily disclose and engage with private GPs regarding HCV-related issues. Investigating the perceptions and experiences of people affected by HCV with GPs can allow for this pathway to care for HCV to be improved. METHODS: In 2013-2014, 22 purposively sampled participants from South Australia (SA) were interviewed...
November 29, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179811/economic-modelling-of-telehealth-substitution-of-face-to-face-specialist-outpatient-consultations-for-queensland-correctional-facilities
#14
Monica Taylor, Liam J Caffery, Paul A Scuffham, Anthony C Smith
Objective The provision of healthcare services to inmates in correctional facilities is costly and resource-intensive. This study aimed to estimate the costs of transporting prisoners from 11 Queensland correctional facilities to the Princess Alexandra Hospital Secure Unit (PAHSU) in Brisbane for non-urgent specialist outpatient consultations and identify the cost consequences that would result from the substitution of face-to-face visits with telehealth consultations.Methods A 12-month retrospective review of patient activity at the PAHSU was conducted to obtain the number of transfers per correctional facility...
November 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175699/-do-it-yourself-vaccine-rejection-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam
#15
Katie Attwell, Paul R Ward, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa J Rokkas, Julie Leask
In this article, we elucidate a symbiotic relationship between complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and rejection of, or hesitancy towards, vaccination. In Fremantle, Western Australia, and Adelaide, South Australia, we conducted in-depth interviews from September 2013-December 2015 with 29 parents who had refused or delayed some or all of their children's vaccines. Our qualitative analysis found that for many, their do-it-yourself ethic and personal agency was enhanced by self-directed CAM use, alongside (sometimes informal) CAM practitioner instruction...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169365/physician-perspectives-on-the-burden-and-management-of-asthma-in-six-countries-the-global-asthma-physician-survey-gaps
#16
Kenneth R Chapman, David Hinds, Peter Piazza, Chantal Raherison, Michael Gibbs, Timm Greulich, Kenneth Gaalswyk, Jiangtao Lin, Mitsuru Adachi, Kourtney J Davis
BACKGROUND: Despite recognition of asthma as a growing global issue and development of global guidelines, asthma treatment practices vary between countries. Several studies have reported patients' perspectives on asthma control. This study presents physicians' perspectives and strategies for asthma management. METHODS: Physicians seeing ≥4 adult patients with asthma per month in Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, and Japan were surveyed (N=1809; ≈300 per country)...
November 23, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165855/physical-activity-coaching-by-australian-exercise-physiologists-is-cost-effective-for-patients-referred-from-general-practice
#17
Ben Ewald, Fiona Stacey, Natalie Johnson, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Elizabeth Holliday, Wendy Brown, Erica L James
OBJECTIVE: Interventions to promote physical activity for sedentary patients seen in general practice may be a way to reduce the burden of chronic disease. Coaching by an exercise physiologist is publicly funded in Australia, but cost effectiveness has not been documented. METHODS: In a three-arm randomised controlled trial, face-to-face coaching and telephone coaching over 12 weeks were compared with a control group using the outcome of step count for one week at baseline, three months and twelve months...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157371/australian-horse-owners-and-their-biosecurity-practices-in-the-context-of-hendra-virus
#18
Anke K Wiethoelter, Nicole Schembri, Navneet K Dhand, Kate Sawford, Melanie R Taylor, Barbara Moloney, Therese Wright, Nina Kung, Hume E Field, Jenny-Ann L M L Toribio
In recent years, outbreaks of exotic as well as newly emerging infectious diseases have highlighted the importance of biosecurity for the Australian horse industry. As the first potentially fatal zoonosis transmissible from horses to humans in Australia, Hendra virus has emphasised the need to incorporate sound hygiene and general biosecurity practices into day-to-day horse management. Recommended measures are widely publicised, but implementation is at the discretion of the individual owner. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine current levels of biosecurity of horse owners and to identify factors influencing the uptake of practices utilising data from an online survey...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153960/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-electronic-minimum-dataset-for-nursing-team-leader-handover-a-descriptive-survey
#19
Amy J Spooner, Leanne M Aitken, Wendy Chaboyer
INTRODUCTION: There is widespread use of clinical information systems in intensive care units however, the evidence to support electronic handover is limited. OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to assess the barriers and facilitators to use of an electronic minimum dataset for nursing team leader shift-to-shift handover in the intensive care unit prior to its implementation. METHODS: The study was conducted in a 21-bed medical/surgical intensive care unit, specialising in cardiothoracic surgery at a tertiary referral hospital, in Queensland, Australia...
November 15, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153351/choosing-wisely-an-international-and-multimorbid-perspective
#20
Edouard J Battegay, Marcus Cheetham
Some medical diagnostic and therapeutic interventions are non-beneficial or even harmful. The Choosing Wisely campaign has encouraged the generation of "top five" lists of unnecessary low-value services in different specialist areas. In the USA alone, where the campaign was launched, these lists include a total of 450 evidence-based recommendations. Medical scientific societies in further countries such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, England, Switzerland and Germany have since initiated Choosing Wisely campaigns...
November 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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