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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145284/effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Jenny H Kang, Quang A Le
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has proved to be an effective strategy in treating obesity. However, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of 3 most common bariatric surgery procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB), reported inconsistent results. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to synthesize evidence of effectiveness of the 3 common bariatric procedures from relevant RCTs. METHODS: The present study was a systematic review and network meta-analysis of RCTs...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134298/case-report-of-successful-medical-management-of-progressive-gastric-band-penetration-to-perforation-after-band-insertion-at-bariatric-surgery-documentation-by-12-serial-egds-during-50%C3%A2-months-of-observation
#2
Andrew M Aneese, Sung K Yang, Mitchell S Cappell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114413/perioperative-factors-affecting-ambulatory-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding
#3
Mirsad Dupanovic, Ron Krebill, Iris Dupanovic, John Nachtigal, Melissa Rockford, Walter Orr
Objective: Morbidly obese patients are traditionally hospitalised following bariatric surgery. However, laparoscopic-adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is amenable for ambulatory care. We hypothesised that the majority of patients can receive an ambulatory LAGB and that both surgical and anaesthetic perioperative factors will significantly affect non-ambulatory LAGB outcomes. Methods: Medical records of 201 consecutive LAGB patients performed at the University of Kansas Medical Centre during a 3-y period were reviewed...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110192/endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-laparoscopic-band-for-weight-loss-how-do-they-compare
#4
Aleksey A Novikov, Cheguevara Afaneh, Monica Saumoy, Viviana Parra, Alpana Shukla, Gregory F Dakin, Alfons Pomp, Enad Dawod, Shawn Shah, Louis J Aronne, Reem Z Sharaiha
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is a novel endobariatric procedure. Initial studies demonstrated an association of ESG with weight loss and improvement of obesity-related comorbidities. Our aim was to compare ESG to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). METHODS: We included 278 obese (BMI > 30) patients who underwent ESG (n = 91), LSG (n = 120), or LAGB (n = 67) at our tertiary care academic center...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110128/endoscopic-treatments-for-portal-hypertension
#5
REVIEW
Gin-Ho Lo
Acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage is a dreaded complication of portal hypertension. Its management has evolved rapidly in recent years. Endoscopic therapy is often employed to arrest bleeding varices as well as to prevent early rebleeding. The combination of vasoconstrictor and endoscopic therapy is superior to vasoconstrictor or endoscopic therapy alone for control of acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage. After control of acute variceal bleeding, combination of banding ligation and beta-blockers is generally recommended to prevent variceal rebleeding...
November 7, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110056/efficacy-and-safety-of-balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-of-gastric-varices-with-lauromacrogol-foam-sclerotherapy-initial-experience
#6
Xuefeng Luo, Huaiyuan Ma, Jiaze Yu, Ying Zhao, Xiaoze Wang, Li Yang
PURPOSE: Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) is a widely-accepted treatment for gastric varices (GVs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BRTO with lauromacrogol foam sclerotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2014 and June 2015, 32 patients were treated with lauromacrogol foam. Lauromacrogol foam was made using a combination of agents, with a 2:1:1 ratio of room air: lauromacrogol: contrast media...
November 6, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103072/upper-gastrointestinal-function-in-morbidly-obese-adolescents-before-and-6%C3%A2-months-after-gastric-banding
#7
M Singendonk, S Kritas, T Omari, C Feinle-Bisset, A J Page, C L Frisby, S J Kentish, L Ferris, L McCall, L Kow, J Chisholm, S Khurana
BACKGROUND: The effects of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) placement on upper gastrointestinal tract function in obese adolescents are unknown. Therefore, our aim was to determine the short-term effects of LAGB on esophageal motility, gastroesophageal reflux, gastric emptying, appetite-regulatory hormones, and perceptions of post-prandial hunger and fullness. METHODS: This study was part of a prospective cohort study (March 2009-December 2015) in one tertiary referral hospital...
November 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103071/medium-to-long-term-outcomes-of-gastric-banding-in-adolescents-a-single-center-study-of-97-consecutive-patients
#8
Paul-Noël Dumont, Marie-Cécile Blanchet, Benoît Gignoux, Yann Matussière, Vincent Frering
Morbid obesity in adolescents has been treated effectively with laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). We prospectively studied 97 consecutive obese adolescents undergoing LAGB over the course of 10 years. The average patient age at surgery was 17.2 ± 0.7 years; mean body mass index, 44.9 ± 6.1 kg/m(2). Excluding those lost to follow-up (n = 21), respective mean total weight loss and excess weight loss were 20.0 ± 16.6 and 46.6 ± 39.5% (n = 76, 78.4%). An ascending trend line showed a significant positive correlation between excess weight loss and follow-up duration (mean 56...
November 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101719/revisional-gastric-bypass-for-failed-restrictive-procedures-comparison-of-single-anastomosis-mini-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#9
Owaid M Almalki, Wei-Jei Lee, Jung-Chien Chen, Kong-Han Ser, Yi-Chih Lee, Shu-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND: Ten to 50% of patients who received restrictive bariatric operations may require reoperation for unsatisfactory weight loss or weight regain. Failed restrictive procedures are usually managed with conversion to another bariatric procedure with a favor of conversion to laparoscopic gastric bypass. Our aim is to evaluate two different bypass techniques, laparoscopic RY gastric bypass (RYGB) versus single-anastomosis (mini-) gastric bypass (SAGB) as a revision option (R-RYGB and R-SAGB) for failed restrictive bariatric operations...
November 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099778/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-tertiary-united-kingdom-children-s-hospital-experience
#10
Omar Nasher, David Devadason, Richard J Stewart
The aim of this study was to review the aetiology, presentation and management of these patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) at a tertiary children's unit in the United Kingdom. This was a retrospective single-institution study on children (<16 years) who presented with acute UGIB over a period of 5 years using known International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes. A total of 32 children (17 males, 15 females) were identified with a total median age at presentation of 5.5 years. The majority (24/32) of patients presented as an emergency...
November 3, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095195/safety-of-revision-sleeve-gastrectomy-compared-to-roux-y-gastric-bypass-after-failed-gastric-banding-analysis-of-the-mbsaqip
#11
Michał R Janik, Tomasz G Rogula, Rami R Mustafa, Adel Alhaj Saleh, Leena Khaitan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the safety of revisional surgery to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) compared to laparoscopic Roux-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) after failed laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). BACKGROUND: The number of reoperations after failed gastric banding rapidly increased in the United States during the last several years. A common approach is band removal with conversion to another weight loss procedure such as gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy in a single procedure...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095025/four-decades-of-bariatric-surgery-in-a-community-hospital-of-spain
#12
Aniceto Baltasar, Rafael Bou, Marcelo Bengochea, Carlos Serra, Lirios Ferri, Nieves Pérez, Francisco Arlandis, Rosa Martínez, Luis Cipagauta
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgical practice changes in the community setting may be under-reported. We present the developments in a Spanish bariatric surgical practice in the community setting of Alcoy from its origin in 1977 through the present. METHODS: Bariatric surgical techniques employed in a country community setting over the course of nearly four decades were reviewed retrospectively and qualitatively. RESULTS: Surgeons and medical professionals from Alcoy, Spain were involved in the evolution of bariatric surgery patient management and surgical technique from 1977s through 2017...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079384/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-glycemic-and-lipid-metabolism-surgical-complication-and-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Lin Qi, Yan Guo, Chao-Qian Liu, Zhi-Ping Huang, Yuan Sheng, Da-Jin Zou
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescents is associated with numerous health risks and co-morbidities, including type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia. Bariatric surgery on adolescents induces weight loss, but little is known about metabolic effects of these operations. OBJECTIVE: To explore weight loss and metabolic effects of bariatric surgery on young people. SETTING: A systematic review and meta-analysis. University Hospital, China. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched for relevant studies up to July 2017...
September 19, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076010/patient-characteristics-procedural-and-safety-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-england-a-retrospective-cohort-study-2006-2012
#14
Sun Sun, Oleg Borisenko, Tim Spelman, Ahmed R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study is to analyze procedural and safety outcomes associated with bariatric surgery and describe the characteristics of patients undertaking bariatric procedures in England between April 2006 and March 2012. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients in England diagnosed with obesity and undergoing bariatric surgery as a primary procedure in NHS-funded sites between April 2006 and March 2012 using data sourced from the Hospital Episode Statistics dataset...
October 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067938/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-outcomes-of-a-case-matched-comparison-of-primary-versus-revisional-surgery
#15
Pradeep K Chowbey, Vandana Soni, Nimisha Subhashchandra Kantharia, Rajesh Khullar, Anil Sharma, Manish Baijal
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are popular bariatric procedures. Certain complications may necessitate revision. Adverse outcomes are reported after revisional bariatric surgery. We compared patients undergoing revisional versus primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was retrospective comparative 1:1 case-matched analysis of revisional LRYGB Group A versus primary LRYGB (pLRYGB/Group B)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063974/is-mini-gastric-bypass-a-rational-approach-for-type-2-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Reem Abou Ghazaleh, Matthieu Bruzzi, Karen Bertrand, Leila M'harzi, Franck Zinzindohoue, Richard Douard, Anne Berger, Sébastien Czernichow, Claire Carette, Jean-Marc Chevallier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Morbid obesity and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are both major public health problems. Bariatric surgery is a proven and effective treatment for these conditions; laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is currently the gold-standard treatment. One-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is described as a simpler, safer, and non-inferior alternative to RYGB to treat morbid obesity. Concerning T2DM, experts of the OAGB procedure report promising metabolic results with good long-term remission of T2DM; however, heterogeneity within the literature prompted us to analyze this issue...
October 24, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055669/impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-analysis-2004-2012
#17
Thomas R McCarty, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Andrew Lange, Lamia Haque, Basile Njei
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery in eligible morbidly obese individuals may improve liver steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis; however, population-based data on the clinical benefits of bariatric surgery in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between bariatric surgery and clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with NAFLD. SETTING: United States inpatient care database...
September 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054704/comment-on-single-stage-conversion-from-adjustable-gastric-banding-to-sleeve-gastrectomy-or-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-an-analysis-of-4875-patients
#18
EDITORIAL
Lawrence E Tabone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053709/changes-in-utilization-and-peri-operative-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-large-u-s-hospital-database-2011-2014
#19
Lu Zhang, John Scott, Lu Shi, Khoa Truong, Qingwei Hu, Joseph A Ewing, Liwei Chen
BACKGROUND: With the epidemic of morbid obesity, bariatric surgery has been accepted as one of the most effective treatments of obesity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate recent changes in the utilization of bariatric surgery, patients and hospital characteristics, and in-hospital complications in a nationwide hospital database in the United States. SETTING: This is a secondary data analysis of the Premier Perspective database. METHODS: ICD-9 codes were used to identify bariatric surgeries performed between 2011 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047049/comparison-of-imaging-modalities-for-detecting-complications-in-bariatric-surgery
#20
Sergio Susmallian, Eduard Folb, Royi Barnea, Asnat Raziel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of routine fluoroscopic swallowing study (FSS) imaging 24 h after surgery and computed tomography (CT) on demand based on clinical data, in diagnosing complications after bariatric surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study includes 9386 patients that underwent bariatric surgery. A total of 3241 (34.53%) patients underwent FSS imaging following the surgical procedure, and 106 (1.13%) patients underwent CT...
October 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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