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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731925/thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-postoperative-pain-management-after-renal-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Maja Copik, Szymon Bialka, Andrzej Daszkiewicz, Hanna Misiolek
BACKGROUND: Thoracic paravertebral block (ThPVB) combined with general anaesthesia is used in thoracic and general surgery. It provides effective analgesia, reduces surgical stress response and the incidence of chronic postoperative pain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of ThPVB in reducing opioid requirements and decreasing the intensity of pain after renal surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomised, open label study. SETTING: A single university hospital...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727381/nephrometry-scores-and-perioperative-outcomes-following-robotic-partial-nephrectomy
#2
Renato B Corradi, Emily A Vertosick, Daniel P Nguyen, Antoni Vilaseca, Daniel D Sjoberg, Nicole Benfante, Lucas N Nogueira, Massimiliano Spaliviero, Karim A Touijer, Paul Russo, Jonathan A Coleman
OBJECTIVES: Based on imaging features, nephrometry scoring systems have been conceived to create a standardized and reproducible way to characterize renal tumor anatomy. However, less is known about which of these individual measures are important with regard to clinically relevant perioperative outcomes such as ischemia time (IT), estimated blood loss (EBL), length of hospital stay (LOS), and change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after robotic partial nephrectomy (PN)...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719609/renal-function-following-xenon-anesthesia-for-partial-nephrectomy-an-explorative-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Ana Stevanovic, Patrick Schaefer, Mark Coburn, Rolf Rossaint, Christian Stoppe, Peter Boor, David Pfister, Axel Heidenreich, Hildegard Christ, Martin Hellmich, Astrid V Fahlenkamp
BACKGROUND: Perioperative preservation of renal function has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality in kidney surgery. Nephroprotective effects of the anesthetic xenon on ischemia-reperfusion injury were found in several experimental studies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore whether xenon anesthesia can reduce renal damage in humans undergoing partial nephrectomy and to gather pilot data of possible nephroprotection in these patients. DESIGN: A prospective randomized, single-blinded, controlled study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716561/influence-of-renal-biopsy-results-on-the-management-of-small-kidney-cancers-in-older-patients-results-from-a-population-based-cohort
#4
Marc A Bjurlin, Elena B Elkin, Coral L Atoria, Paul Russo, Samir S Taneja, William C Huang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Small kidney cancers are a heterogeneous group with varying malignant potential. Pathologic information obtained from a renal biopsy may guide decision-making for small kidney cancers. We sought to assess the effect of pathologic information from renal biopsy on the nonsurgical management of small kidney cancers in a population-based cohort of patients over 65 years of age. METHODS: In the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare dataset, we identified patients ≥66 years diagnosed with a kidney cancer<4cm between 2002 and 2011...
July 14, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704481/renal-auto-transplantation-promotes-cortical-microvascular-network-remodeling-in-a-preclinical-porcine-model
#5
Souleymane Maïga, Geraldine Allain, Thierry Hauet, Jerome Roumy, Edouard Baulier, Michel Scepi, Manuel Dierick, Luc Van Hoorebeke, Patrick Hannaert, Franck Guy, Frederic Favreau
The vascular network is a major target of ischemia-reperfusion, but has been poorly investigated in renal transplantation. The aim of this study was to characterize the remodeling of the renal vascular network that follows ischemia-reperfusion along with the most highly affected cortex section in a preclinical renal transplantation model. There were two experimental groups. The first was a grafted kidney group consisting of large white pigs for which the left kidney was harvested, cold flushed, preserved for 24 h in the University of Wisconsin's preservation solution, and then auto-transplanted (n = 5); the right kidney was removed to mimic the situation of human kidney transplantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701891/comprehensive-analysis-of-factors-affecting-post-partial-nephrectomy-renal-global-function
#6
Takehiro Sejima, Tetsuya Yumioka, Noriya Yamaguchi, Hideto Iwamoto, Toshihiko Masago, Shuichi Morizane, Masashi Honda, Atsushi Takenaka
BACKGROUND: To explore new factors that are predictive of post-partial nephrectomy (PN) renal global function, we analyzed various clinico-pathological factors with a special focus on renal volume measured via three-dimensional imaging technology and histopathological parameters in non-neoplastic parenchyma. METHODS: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and computed tomography (CT) scan were examined pre- and 6 months. post-operatively in 52 patients treated by PN...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664237/surgical-and-minimally-invasive-therapies-for-the-management-of-the-small-renal-mass
#7
REVIEW
John Withington, Joana B Neves, Ravi Barod
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article aims to summarise recent developments in surgical and minimally invasive therapies in the management of small renal masses (SRMs). RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of the small renal mass is increasing. Standard management of the SRM is partial nephrectomy. More recently, use of ablative techniques to manage the SRM has been increasing and an exciting array of technical advances is currently being made in the field. Nephron-sparing surgery looks set to become more financially viable with the advent of newer robotic platforms and, potentially, even less invasive with the evaluation of single-port access...
August 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656359/comparison-of-retroperitoneal-and-transperitoneal-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-for-pentafecta-perioperative-and-renal-functional-outcomes
#8
Sean P Stroup, Zachary A Hamilton, Michael T Marshall, Hak J Lee, Sean W Berquist, Abd-Elrahman S Hassan, Alp T Beksac, Charles A Field, Aaron Bloch, Fang Wan, Michelle L McDonald, Nishant D Patel, James O L'Esperance, Ithaar H Derweesh
BACKGROUND: We compared quality outcomes between transperitoneal (TRPN) and retroperitoneal robotic partial nephrectomy (RRPN). METHODS: Two-center retrospective analysis of TRPN and RRPN from 10/2009 to 10/2015. Perioperative/renal function outcomes were analyzed. Primary endpoint was Pentafecta, a composite measure of quality [negative margin, no 30-day complication, ischemia time ≤25 min, return of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to >90% from baseline at last follow-up, and no chronic kidney disease upstaging]...
June 27, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652124/ureterocalicostomy-for-reconstruction-of-complicated-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-adults-long-term-outcome-factors-predicting-its-failure-in-contemporary-cohort
#9
Devarshi Srivastava, Sanjoy K Sureka, Priyank Yadav, Ankur Bansal, Shashikant Gupta, Rakesh Kapoor, M S Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Ureterocalicostomy (UC) is a well-established treatment option for patients with recurrent ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with postoperative fibrosis and a relatively inaccessible renal pelvis. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcome of UC and factors predicting its failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data of 72 patients who underwent open or laparoscopic UC from 2000 to 2014. Variables that may affect the outcomes of UC were assessed with regard to primary pathology, age, serum creatinine, preoperative renal size (<15 cm and > 15 cm), renal cortical thickness (<5mm and >5 mm), grade of hydronephrosis and preoperative renal function (GFR < or >20 ml/min)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624829/preoperative-c-reactive-protein-values-as-a-potential-component-in-outcome-prediction-models-of-metastasized-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-receiving-cytoreductive-nephrectomy
#10
Charis Kalogirou, Philipp Mulfinger, Ioannis Sokolakis, Markus Krebs, Hubert Kübler, Hubertus Riedmiller, Daniel Vergho
PURPOSE: To validate preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as a prognostic marker for survival in a metastasized renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patient cohort receiving cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: By chart review, 146 mRCC patients receiving CN at our tertiary referral centre from 1997 to 2015 were identified retrospectively. All relevant clinicopathological features including laboratory parameters were collected and correlated to overall survival, progression-free survival and cancer-specific survival (CSS)...
June 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623071/overall-survival-in-swedish-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-treated-in-the-period-2002-to-2012-update-of-the-rencomp-study-with-subgroup-analysis-of-the-synchronous-metastatic-and-elderly-populations
#11
Magnus Lindskog, Thomas Wahlgren, Rickard Sandin, Jan Kowalski, Maria Jakobsson, Sven Lundstam, Börje Ljungberg, Ulrika Harmenberg
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study investigated overall survival (OS) and factors influencing OS in Swedish patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) during the pre- (2002-2005), early (2006-2008), and late (2009-2012) targeted therapy (TT) era. METHODS: Three national Swedish registries identified patients with mRCC. Median OS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox proportional hazards regression...
June 13, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604288/laparoendoscopic-single-site-nephrectomy-for-hemodialysis-patients-with-dialysis-related-renal-tumors
#12
Kohei Takei, Mutsushi Yamasaki, Satoki Abe, Naoyuki Yamanaka, Shinya Sejiyama, Takahiro Narimatsu, Shinro Hata, Tadamasa Shibuya, Kenichi Hirai, Tadasuke Ando, Toshitaka Shin, Kenichi Mori, Yasuhiro Sumino, Takeo Nomura, Fuminori Sato, Toshiro Terachi, Hiromitsu Mimata
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) nephrectomy in hemodialysis patients, we compared outcomes between LESS nephrectomy and conventional laparoendoscopic nephrectomy in hemodialysis patients with dialysis-related renal tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 16 hemodialysis patients who underwent LESS nephrectomy (LESS-N; n = 8) or conventional laparoendoscopic nephrectomy (C-N; n = 8) between November 2003 and July 2012 were retrospectively evaluated...
June 12, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588626/clinical-and-paraclinical-evaluation-of-partial-nephrectomy-using-laparoscopy-and-open-surgery-in-dogs-new-suturing-technique
#13
E Shariati, J Bakhtiari, A Khalaj, M Molazem, E Shariati, A Niasari-Naslaji
Partial nephrectomy, using open surgery or laparoscopy, is a standard surgical approach to treat renal disorders. The objective of this study was to compare and evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy using figure eight ligation technique. Mixed-breed dogs were randomly dedicated for partial nephrectomy using laparoscopy (n=6) and open surgery (n=6). During 30 days after operation, clinical, hematological and ultrasonographic findings, intra- and post-operative complications, operation and ischemia times, urine analysis and incision length were recorded...
2017: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583563/impact-of-the-ratio-of-visceral-to-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-in-donor-nephrectomy-patients
#14
H H Lee, S K Kang, Y E Yoon, K H Huh, M S Kim, S I Kim, Y S Kim, W K Han
OBJECTIVE: It was reported that a metabolic syndrome affected the remaining renal function after living donor nephrectomy. However, the measurement of waist circumference is unclear because it cannot distinguish between visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). We investigate the clinical correlation between body adipose tissue and renal function recovery after living donor nephrectomy. METHODS: From July 2013 to February 2015, 75 living kidney donors were enrolled...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583543/laparoscopy-assisted-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-for-living-donor-pancreas-transplantation
#15
S Date, H Noguchi, K Kaku, K Kurihara, Y Miyasaka, Y Okabe, U Nakamura, T Ohtsuka, M Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Living pancreas transplantation plays an important role in the treatment of patients with severe type 1 diabetes. However, pancreatectomy is very invasive for the donor, and less-invasive surgical procedures are needed. Although some reports have described hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery for distal pancreatectomy in living-donor operations, less-invasive laparoscopy-assisted (LA) procedures are expected to increase the donor pool. We herein report the outcomes of four cases of LA spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (Warshaw technique [WT]) in living pancreas donors...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579684/decision-making-thermal-ablation-options-for-small-renal-masses
#16
REVIEW
Colin J McCarthy, Debra A Gervais
Renal cell carcinoma is a relatively common tumor, with an estimated 63,000 new cases being diagnosed in the United States in 2016. Surgery, be it with partial or total nephrectomy, is considered the mainstay of treatment for many patients. However, those patients with small renal masses, typically less than 3 to 4 cm in size who are deemed unsuitable for surgery, may be suitable for percutaneous thermal ablation. We review the various treatment modalities, including radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, and cryoablation; discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method; and review the latest data concerning the performance of the various ablative modalities compared with each other, and compared with surgery...
June 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554756/metanephric-stromal-tumor-with-a-rare-incidence-of-squamous-epithelium-a-case-report-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#17
Jia Wang, Wenjie Jin, Xiangru Wu
Metanephric stromal tumor (MST) of the kidney, a rare benign pediatric neoplasm recognized for less than 20 years, is not widely known. The authors describe a case of MST with rare squamous epithelium in a 14-month-old female. A renal mass was discovered during her fetal period. After her birth, computerized tomography revealed that the mass was localized in the inferior pole of her left kidney. She then underwent nephrectomy. The tumor was an unencapsulated but well-defined mass with a white, solid and firm cut surface and had dimensions of 4cm×3...
March 21, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550770/laparoscopic-versus-open-radical-nephrectomy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Gang Liu, Yulei Ma, Shouhua Wang, Xiancheng Han, Dianjun Gao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to summarize and quantify the current evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) compared with open radical nephrectomy (ORN) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a meta-analysis. METHODS: Data were collected by searching Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect for reports published up to September 26, 2016. Studies that reported data on comparisons of therapeutic efficacy of LRN and ORN were included...
May 24, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549821/effect-of-median-household-income-on-surgical-approach-and-survival-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#19
Jacob Katsnelson, Rebecca J Barnes, Hunaiz A Patel, Daphne Monie, Theodor Kaufman, Nicholas J Hellenthal
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether median household income (MHI) independently predicts surgical approach (partial vs. radical nephrectomy) and survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: The U.S. Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Database (1988-2011) was queried to examine kidney cancer cases and linked to the Area Health Resources File. We correlated surgical approach and survival, both overall and cancer-specific, with tumor stage, age, race, sex, and income data...
May 23, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532200/spinal-analgesia-improves-surgical-outcome-after-open-nephrectomy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Mascha Thurm, Britt-Inger Kröger Dahlin, Ola Winsö, Börje Ljungberg
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether more effective perioperative analgesia can be part of a multimodal approach to minimizing morbidity and improving postoperative management after the open surgical approaches frequently used in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The aim of the study was to determine whether spinal anesthesia with clonidine can enhance postoperative analgesia, speed up mobilization and reduce the length of hospital stay (LOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 135 patients with RCC were randomized, in addition to general anesthesia, to receive either spinal analgesia with clonidine or epidural analgesia, stratified to surgical technique...
May 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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