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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918883/pseudoparalysis-of-parrot-a-diagnostic-aid-in-congenital-syphilis
#1
Annelyse Araújo Pereira, Sandra Márcia Castro, Ranielly Ribeiro Venturini, Fernanda Oliveira César, Patricia Marques Fortes, Paulo Sucasas Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906089/alopecia-as-unique-clue-to-syphilis-in-a-patient
#2
Laura Atzori, Laura Mantovani, Roberta Satta, Caterina Ferreli
Alopecia is an uncommon manifestation of syphilis, simulating other common forms of hair-loss, but representing a crucial complaint for the patient, who might by converse have not noticed other signs and symptoms of the disease. Esthetic issues undervaluation might prolong illness, and postpone appropriate treatment. A 42-year-old patient, HIV negative, presented with a 2-month history of progressive generalized thinning of the hairs and small non-scarring irregular alopecia patches of the parietal-occipital areas of the scalp...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904807/the-return-of-a-former-foe-syphilis-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome-as-a-cause-of-acute-stroke
#3
Daniela Noakes, Katherine Evans, Rohan Pathansali
This article highlights a rare complication of syphilis infection and the importance of including syphilis and antiphospholipid antibody testing in the acute stroke screen..
September 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903736/factors-associated-with-syphilis-treatment-failure-and-reinfection-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-shenzhen-china
#4
Zhenzhou Luo, Lin Zhu, Yi Ding, Jun Yuan, Wu Li, Qiuhong Wu, Lishan Tian, Li Zhang, Guomao Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ma, Zhongwei Chen, Tubao Yang, Tiejian Feng, Min Zhang
BACKGROUND: The treatment failure and reinfection rates among syphilis patients are high, and relevant studies in China are limited. The aim of this study was to detect the rates of treatment failure and reinfection after syphilis treatment and to explore the potential associated factors. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study in a sexually transmitted disease clinic, the Department of Dermatology and Venereology in Nanshan Center for Chronic Disease Control...
September 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899886/brainstem-encephalitis-and-acute-polyneuropathy-associated-with-hepatitis-e-infection
#5
Omar Jabbar Salim, Amy Davidson, Kathy Li, John Paul Leach, Craig Heath
A 59-year-old man presented with feverish illness. His Glasgow Coma Scale was 15, had reduced visual acuity in the left eye with partial left ptosis and mild left hemiparesis with an extensor left plantar. Over 48 hours, he accrued multiple cranial nerves palsies and progressed to a flaccid paralysis necessitating admission to an intensive care unit.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) study showed 20 lymphocytes and raised protein. Viral and bacterial PCRs were negative. Samples for Lyme, blood-borne viruses, syphilis and autoantibodies were also negative...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893207/hepatitis-b-virus-and-hiv-co-infection-among-pregnant-women-in-rwanda
#6
Mwumvaneza Mutagoma, Helene Balisanga, Samuel S Malamba, Dieudonné Sebuhoro, Eric Remera, David J Riedel, Steve Kanters, Sabin Nsanzimana
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects people worldwide but the local burden especially in pregnant women and their new born babies is unknown. In Rwanda HIV-infected individuals who are also infected with HBV are supposed to be initiated on ART immediately. HBV is easily transmitted from mother to child during delivery. We sought to estimate the prevalence of chronic HBV infection among pregnant women attending ante-natal clinic (ANC) in Rwanda and to determine factors associated with HBV and HIV co-infection...
September 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889773/sensitivity-of-npcr-for-four-types-of-membrane-protein-dna-and-of-two-pairs-of-primers-for-tpp47-dna-of-treponema-pallidum-in-whole-blood-of-congenital-syphilis-newborns
#7
Yafei Guan, Rong Ding, Yequn Zhou, Xiaoqin Chen, Xiaolin Miao, Ye Zhang, Dan Luo, Shudong Cui
BACKGROUND: Problems exist in congenital syphilis (CS) diagnosis and no single test can be used to diagnose CS. OBJECTIVE: To know whether there exit differences of nPCR sensitivity among four membrane protein DNA and of nPCR between two pairs of primers for Tpp47. METHODS: We collected 30 CS patients as study group, and 20 cases admitted to hospital for other reasons as control group. The blood samples from newborns were left of blood for other examination, not special for the study...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887247/rare-presentation-of-a-syphilitic-aneurysm-of-the-infra-renal-aorta-with-contained-rupture
#8
Gautham Chitragari, Anne T Laux, Taylor D Hicks, Mark G Davies, Georges M Haidar
We report, to our knowledge, the first case of a rare syphilitic infra-renal aorto-uni-iliac aneurysm with contained rupture that presented with mid-epigastric abdominal pain. Review of the patient's medical history revealed untreated syphilis and poorly treated congestive heart failure. Given his comorbidities, the patient was treated with an emergent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). His 30-day post-operative recovery period was uneventful and follow up imaging revealed complete resolution of the aneurysms...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886021/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-strains-of-treponema-pallidum-subsp-pertenue-from-ghana-africa-identical-genome-sequences-in-samples-isolated-more-than-7-years-apart
#9
Michal Strouhal, Lenka Mikalová, Pavla Havlíčková, Paolo Tenti, Darina Čejková, Ivan Rychlík, Sylvia Bruisten, David Šmajs
BACKGROUND: Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue (TPE) is the causative agent of yaws, a multi-stage disease, endemic in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, Oceania, and South America. To date, four TPE strains have been completely sequenced including three TPE strains of human origin (Samoa D, CDC-2, and Gauthier) and one TPE strain (Fribourg-Blanc) isolated from a baboon. All TPE strains are highly similar to T. pallidum subsp. pallidum (TPA) strains. The mutation rate in syphilis and related treponemes has not been experimentally determined yet...
September 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878003/evaluation-of-the-lumipulse%C3%A2-g-tp-n-chemiluminescent-immunoassay-as-a-syphilis-screening-test
#10
Daniel A Ortiz, Michael J Loeffelholz
A syphilis diagnosis is often aided by the detection of treponemal and non-treponemal antibodies. Automated treponemal antibody detection systems enable high-volume clinical laboratories to perform syphilis screening at a faster pace with lower labor costs. The Lumipulse G TP-N chemiluminescent immunoassay is an automated system that qualitatively detects IgG and IgM antibodies against Treponema pallidum antigens in human serum and plasma. To assess performance characteristics and workflow efficiency, the Lumipulse G TP-N assay was compared to the Bioplex 2200 Syphilis IgG multiplex flow immunoassay...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876421/secondary-syphilis-the-great-imitator-can-t-be-forgotten
#11
Clarissa Prieto Herman Reinehr, Célia Luiza Petersen Vitello Kalil, Vinícius Prieto Herman Reinehr
Syphilis is an infection caused by Treponema pallidum, mainly transmitted by sexual contact. Since 2001, primary and secondary syphilis rates started to rise, with an epidemic resurgence. The authors describe an exuberant case of secondary syphilis, presenting with annular and lichen planus-like lesions, as well as one mucocutaneous lesion. Physicians must be aware of syphilis in daily practice, since the vast spectrum of its cutaneous manifestations is rising worldwide.
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876321/provider-adherence-to-syphilis-testing-recommendations-for-women-delivering-a-stillbirth
#12
Chirag G Patel, Jill S Huppert, Guoyu Tao
OBJECTIVE: To assess overall adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommended guidelines for syphilis testing among women who delivered a stillbirth and compare it with other tests recommended for stillbirth evaluation. METHODS: We used MarketScan claims data with 40 million commercially insured and 8 million Medicaid enrollees annually to estimate prenatal care and follow-up testing among women who had stillbirths between January 1, 2013, and December 24, 2013...
June 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876318/the-annual-economic-burden-of-syphilis-an-estimation-of-direct-productivity-and-intangible-costs-for-syphilis-in-guangdong-initiative-for-comprehensive-control-of-syphilis-sites
#13
Yaming Zou, Yu Liao, Fengying Liu, Lei Chen, Hongcheng Shen, Shujie Huang, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang, Yuantao Hao
BACKGROUND: Syphilis has continuously posed a great challenge to China. However, very little data existed regarding the cost of syphilis. Taking Guangdong Initiative for Comprehensive Control of Syphilis area as the research site, we aimed to comprehensively measure the annual economic burden of syphilis from a societal perspective. METHODS: Newly diagnosed and follow-up outpatient cases were investigated by questionnaire. Reported tertiary syphilis cases and medical institutions cost were both collected...
June 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876311/human-immunodeficiency-virus-status-differentially-associated-with-genital-and-anal-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Han-Zhu Qian, Yifei Hu, James G Carlucci, Lu Yin, Xiangwei Li, Anna R Giuliano, Dongliang Li, Lei Gao, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund
BACKGROUND: Little is known about human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and genotypes when considering both anatomic site and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status among men who have sex with men (MSM) in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM in Beijing, China. HIV serostatus was determined, and genital and anal HPV genotyping were performed from respective swabs. RESULTS: Of 1155 MSM, 817 (70...
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876305/sexually-transmitted-disease-testing-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-room-for-improvement
#15
Bonnie B Dean, Mia Scott, Rachel Hart, Linda Battalora, Richard M Novak, Marcus D Durham, John T Brooks, Kate Buchacz
BACKGROUND: In the United States, sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing is recommended at least annually for sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM). We evaluated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) providers' STI testing practices and frequency of positive test results. METHODS: We analyzed data from HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) participants who, from 2007 to 2014, completed a confidential survey about risk behaviors. Using medical records data, we assessed the frequency of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis testing and positive results during the year after the survey for MSM who reported sex without a condom in the prior 6 months...
July 11, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876300/what-is-the-role-of-paired-rapid-plasma-reagin-testing-simultaneous-testing-of-acute-and-convalescent-samples-in-the-diagnosis-of-repeat-syphilis-and-the-follow-up-of-syphilis
#16
Chris R Kenyon, Kara Krista Osbak, Marjan Van Esbroek, Lutgarde Lynen, Tania Crucitti
BACKGROUND: Repeat syphilis is playing an increasing role in syphilis transmission in several populations. The assessment of repeat syphilis and response to treatment depends on accurately measuring intraindividual changes in non-treponemal tests. For a 0- to 6-month delta rapid plasma reagin (RPR) to be determined by routine individual RPR testing, samples are tested 6 months apart with differences in reagent batches, environmental conditions, and observers all leading to measurement errors...
July 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876296/neighborhood-health-care-access-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-women-in-the-southern-united-states-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-analysis
#17
Danielle F Haley, Andrew Edmonds, Nadya Belenky, DeMarc A Hickson, Catalina Ramirez, Gina M Wingood, Hector Bolivar, Elizabeth Golub, Adaora A Adimora
INTRODUCTION: The United States has experienced an increase in reportable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) while simultaneously experiencing a decline in safety net services for STI testing and treatment. This multilevel study assessed relationships between neighborhood-level access to health care and STIs among a predominantly Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-seropositive cohort of women living in the south. METHODS: This cross-sectional multilevel analysis included baseline data from HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study sites in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina between 2013 and 2015 (N = 666)...
August 2, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876294/reported-cases-of-neurosyphilis-among-early-syphilis-cases-united-states-2009-to-2015
#18
Alex de Voux, Sarah Kidd, Elizabeth A Torrone
The surveillance of neurosyphilis, an uncommon but severe consequence of syphilis, is complex; surveillance classification of neurosyphilis requires a lumbar puncture and cerebrospinal fluid analysis. We examined the prevalence of reported neurosyphilis among primary, secondary, and early latent syphilis cases reported in the United States from 2009 to 2015. Overall, the prevalence of reported neurosyphilis from 2009 to 2015 was low (0.84%); however, this is likely an underestimate of the true burden in the United States...
August 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876293/the-spatial-association-between-federally-qualified-health-centers-and-county-level-reported-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-spatial-regression-approach
#19
Kwame Owusu-Edusei, Thomas L Gift, Jami S Leichliter, Raul A Romaguera
BACKGROUND: The number of categorical sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics is declining in the United States. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) have the potential to supplement the needed sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. In this study, we describe the spatial distribution of FQHC sites and determine if reported county-level nonviral STI morbidity were associated with having FQHC(s) using spatial regression techniques. METHODS: We extracted map data from the Health Resources and Services Administration data warehouse on FQHCs (ie, geocoded health care service delivery [HCSD] sites) and extracted county-level data on the reported rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea and, primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis (2008-2012) from surveillance data...
August 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876292/cerebral-syphilitic-gumma-can-arise-within-months-of-reinfection-a-case-of-histologically-proven-treponema-pallidum-strain-type-14b-f-infection-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positivity
#20
Yusuke Koizumi, Takeya Watabe, Yasunori Ota, Shu-Ichi Nakayama, Nobuhiro Asai, Mao Hagihara, Yuka Yamagishi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Toyonori Tsuzuki, Masakazu Takayasu, Makoto Ohnishi, Hiroshige Mikamo
A 44-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus positivity developed cerebral gumma 6 months after appropriate therapy for secondary syphilis. It was surgically resected and histologically, Treponema pallidum (14b/f, a relatively rare strain type) was proven. A complete set of modern techniques was performed to depict rare complication of this classic disease.
August 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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