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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532528/hepatic-calcifications-in-fetal-population-studied-by-autopsies-in-bogota-colombia
#1
M Olaya-C, S Aldana-M, M Maya-G, F Gil
Fetal hepatic calcifications can be caused by infections, chromosomal disorders, thrombotic events, ischemic hepatic necrosis and subcapsular hematomas among others events. Its features and clinical significance are still not well known. We performed an observational study to describe fetal hepatic calcifications and its association with main clinical and histopathological findings from the fetal autopsy database, between 2007 and 2014. Raw odds ratio analysis was performed. We reviewed 591 fetal autopsies: 14 cases with hepatic calcifications, 102 fetuses with chromosomal disorders; 13 with diagnosis of TORSCH (toxoplasma, rubella, syphilis, cytomegalovirus, herpes virus 1 and 2, and others) and 207 with any abnormality in the umbilical cord (UC)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532388/erratum-to-novel-predictors-of-neurosyphilis-among-hiv-negative-syphilis-patients-with-neurological-symptoms-an-observational-study
#2
Yao Xiao, Man-Li Tong, Li-Li Liu, Li-Rong Lin, Mei-Jun Chen, Hui-Lin Zhang, Wei-Hong Zheng, Shu-Lian Li, Hui-Ling Lin, Zhi-Feng Lin, Hui-Qin Xing, Jian-Jun Niu, Tian-Ci Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525592/neurosyphilis-increases-hiv-associated-central-nervous-system-inflammation-but-does-not-explain-cognitive-impairment-in-hiv-infected-individuals-with-syphilis
#3
Emily L Ho, Clare L Maxwell, Shelia B Dunaway, Sharon K Sahi, Lauren C Tantalo, Sheila A Lukehart, Christina M Marra
Background: HIV-infected individuals with previous syphilis have cognitive impairment. We tested the hypothesis that neurosyphilis causes cognitive impairment in HIV by amplifying HIV-related CNS inflammation. Methods: 132 HIV-infected participants enrolled in a study of CSF abnormalities in syphilis underwent the mental alternation test (MAT), venipuncture and lumbar puncture. CSF concentrations of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) and neurofilament light (NFL) were determined by commercial assays...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523273/novel-treponema-pallidum-recombinant-antigens-for-syphilis-diagnostics-current-status-and-future-prospects
#4
REVIEW
Aleksey Kubanov, Anastassia Runina, Dmitry Deryabin
The recombinant protein technology considerably promoted the development of rapid and accurate treponema-specific laboratory diagnostics of syphilis infection. For the last ten years, the immunodominant recombinant inner membrane lipoproteins are proved to be sensitive and specific antigens for syphilis screening. However, the development of an enlarged T. pallidum antigen panel for diagnostics of early and late syphilis and differentiation of syphilis stages or cured syphilis remains as actual goal of multidisciplinary expertise...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523053/seroprevalence-of-transfusion-transmitted-infections-among-different-blood-group-donors-at-blood-bank-lumhs-hyderabad
#5
Faheem Ahmed Memon, Ikram Din Ujjan, Amir Iqbal Memon, Abdul Rehman Shaikh, Ali Raza Rao, Arshi Naz
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of HBsAg, Anti-HCV, HIV, Syphilis and Malaria in blood donors. METHODS: This is a cross sectional descriptive study, conducted at Blood bank and Transfusion center at Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences (LUMHS) Hyderabad, during the period from January, 2014 to June, 2015. A total of 4683 blood donors were screened for HBsAg, Anti-HCV and HIV on Architect 20001 (manufactured by Abbott), employing chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA)...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521725/hiv-and-syphilis-prevalence-and-associated-risks-in-the-cameroonian-armed-forces
#6
Michael Grillo, Bonnie Robin Tran, Ubald Tamoufe, Cyrille F Djoko, Karen Saylors, Kelly Woodland, Ltc Wangmene, Caroline Macera
BACKGROUND: Continued surveillance of the HIV epidemic is critical to monitor changes in trends and risk behaviors. A 2005 study in the Cameroonian Armed Forces (CAF) found an HIV prevalence of 11.3% among male and female service members. The purpose of the current study is to determine the 5-year change in the HIV prevalence, estimate the prevalence of syphilis, and examine factors associated with infection in the CAF. METHODS: Participants were male and female service members 18 years of age or older who were stationed at one of the 10 military garrisons selected for participation...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521722/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-syphilis-infections-among-military-personnel-in-sierra-leone
#7
Djeneba Audrey Djibo, Foday Sahr, J Allen McCutchan, Sonia Jain, Maria Rosario G Araneta, Stephanie K Brodine, Richard A Shaffer
CONTEXT: HIV and syphilis infections are common in military personnel in sub-Saharan Africa, which impact combat preparedness and increase demands on the military health care system. The prevalence of HIV is estimated at 1.5% among the general population (15-49 years of age) of Sierra Leone, and the estimated syphilis prevalence ranged from 1.5% to 5.2% based on regional studies. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for these two common sexually transmitted infections in the Sierra Leone military personnel...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520614/incidence-of-neurological-disorders-among-hiv-infected-individuals-with-universal-health-care-in-taiwan-2000-through-2010
#8
Yi-Tseng Tsai, Yen-Chin Chen, Chen-Yang Hsieh, Wen-Chien Ko, Nai-Ying Ko
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of and factors associated with neurological disorders in a large Taiwanese cohort of HIV-infected persons with free access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database for the years 2000-2010. METHODS: We identified 13,316 HIV-positive persons from 2000 through 2010. We used direct standardization to calculate age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates based on the 2000 World Health Organization world standard population...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514994/active-syphilis-and-its-association-with-hiv-and-sexual-risk-behaviours-in-a-multicity-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-peru
#9
Lia N Pizzicato, Panagiotis Vagenas, Pedro Gonzales, Javier R Lama, Monica Pun, Jorge Sanchez, Frederick L Altice
Background: Syphilis in Peru is heavily concentrated in men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW). The aim of the present study was to understand the risk factors for active syphilis infection among MSM and TGW in Peru. Methods: Independent correlates suggestive of active syphilis infection were examined to better understand risk factors for syphilis in MSM and TGW, with separate analyses conducted based on location and among TGW. In 2011, 5101 MSM and TGW completed both self-report surveys and HIV and syphilis testing in five Peruvian cities...
May 18, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512403/papulonodular-secondary-syphilis-presenting-as-multiple-distinct-cutaneous-lesions-in-an-hiv-positive-transgender-woman
#10
Kristina Navrazhina, Brienne D Cressey, Kira Minkis
We present the first reported case of papulonodular secondary syphilis in an HIV-positive transgender female. Syphilis is classified into primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary stages, with secondary syphilis having notably diverse cutaneous manifestations. Our patient presented with diverse lesions throughout her body, all pathologically consistent with papulonodular secondary syphilis. Proper identification of the multiple presentations of syphilis is crucial to early diagnosis and treatment. This report seeks to broaden the scope of dermatological manifestations that arise secondary to papulonodular syphilis in HIV-positive patients...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511074/charcot-arthropathy-of-the-knee-after-unsuccessful-spinal-stenosis-surgery-a-case-report
#11
Melih Cıvan, Önder Yazıcıoğlu, Mehmet Çakmak, Turgut Akgül
INTRODUCTION: Charcot arthropathy was first described in 1868 by Jean Martin Charcot as a progressive and destructive joint disease. Diabetes, polyneuropathy, syphilis, syrengomyelia and chronic alcoholism are the main causes of the disease. In this study we present a Charcot arthropathy of the knee seen after unsuccessful spinal stenosis surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report here a case of 62 years old patient with Charcot arthropathy at her left knee developed one year after spinal stenosis surgery...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507975/charcot-fracture-in-the-calcaneus-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#12
Hirokazu Takai, Katsuhiko Kiyota, Nobutake Nakane, Tomoki Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: Only a few reports have described calcaneus fractures after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, in this report, we describe a case of calcaneal avulsion fracture that occurred 5 weeks after a TKA in a relatively young male patient with syphilis. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old man with syphilis had Charcot joint of the right knee. The patient developed severe varus deformity and contracture and experienced severe pain in the knee. TKA was performed to alleviate the pain and improve the patient's gait...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507905/gastric-syphilis
#13
Jianfei Cai, Danian Ji, Jian-Long Guan
Syphilis is a chronic systemic infectious disease. Gastric involvement is uncommon. We report of a 55-year-old female patient with a history of epigastric pain and a diagnosis of Syphilis confirmed by main clinical symptoms, tolulized red unheated serum test(TRUST) and treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay(TPHA). At the same time, we still reported gastric involvement about syphilis in this patient with gastroscopy and pathology.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503303/a-study-on-hiv-syphilis-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-republic-of-congo
#14
Fabien Roch Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Franck Fortuné Mboussou, Edith Sophie Kombo Bayonne, Florian Michael Kouckodila Nzingoula, Louis Regis Dossou-Yovo, Igor Louzolo, Mandingha Kosso Etoka-Beka, Achile Lanzy, Irène Yameogo, Davy Louvouezo, Simon Charles Kobawila, Marie-Francke Puruhence, Henri Joseph Parra
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are considered to be at high risk for transmission of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and are defined as a priority of the national HIV/AIDS response in the Republic of Congo (RoC). However, no data are available regarding STIs in this group. This study aimed to determine the prevalences of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B and C among FSWs in five cities in the country. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2(nd) 2011 to May 15(th) 2012...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500723/self-limited-membranous-glomerulonephritis-due-to-syphilis
#15
Ana R Fernandes, Francisco Gouveia, Marcio S R Viegas, Sofia S Coelho, Elsa Q Soares, Ana S Natário, José C Barreto, José M Vinhas
Syphilis is known as "the great mimic" owing to the wide range of clinical presentations. Primary syphilis usually presents as a highly contagious ulcerated lesion that appears 9-90 days after infection (1). Secondary syphilis manifests after hematogenous and lymphatic dissemination. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 13, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500407/phytochemical-profile-and-free-radical-nitric-oxide-no-scavenging-activity-of-averrhoa-bilimbi-l-fruit-extract
#16
Jagadish Kumar Suluvoy, V M Berlin Grace
Averrhoa bilimbi L. belongs to family Oxalidaceae. Traditionally, people use this plant (root, bark, leaves and fruits) for treating several illnesses include itches, boils, syphilis, whooping cough, hypertension, fever and inflammation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the nitric oxide (NO) scavenging activity and GC-MS analysis of A. bilimbi L. fruit extract. Averrhoa bilimbi L. fruits were collected for the preliminary phytochemical analysis, antioxidant scavenging activity and biologically important compounds were identified by GC-MS analysis...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499407/early-neurosyphilis-presenting-with-facial-palsy-and-an-oral-ulcer-in-a-patient-who-is-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-a-case-report
#17
Evangeline Njiru, Jamil Abdulkadir, Zipporah Kamuren, Gabriel Kigen
BACKGROUND: Neurosyphilis is the tertiary stage of Treponema pallidum infection that involves the central nervous system, which occurs within days or weeks after an initial syphilis infection, especially in immunocompromised patients. The diagnosis of neurosyphilis is quite challenging as it is uncommon and often presents with obscure symptoms since any organ system may be involved. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 40-year-old African man who is human immunodeficiency virus positive with early neurosyphilis who presented with a stiff neck, headache, confusion, restlessness, and a left-sided chest pain; he did not respond to an empiric treatment of ceftriaxone and fluconazole for meningitis, and tramadol for headache...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499291/a-survey-of-25-north-carolina-health-departments-districts-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-current-practices-to-seeking-reimbursement-from-third-party-payers-for-sexually-transmitted-disease-services
#18
Cheryl L Kovar, Susan Carter
BACKGROUND: North Carolina Administrative Code 10A Chapter 41A.0204 (a) states "local health departments shall provide diagnosis, testing, treatment, follow-up, and preventive services for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, … These services shall be provided upon request and at no charge to the patient." Although health departments/districts may bill governmental or nongovernmental insurance providers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, current billing practices are unknown...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499290/molecular-typing-of-syphilis-causing-strains-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-in-antwerp-belgium
#19
Lenka Mikalová, Linda Grillová, Kara Osbak, Michal Strouhal, Chris Kenyon, Tania Crucitti, David Šmajs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and sequencing-based treponeme typing was used to analyze 72 blood samples, collected from human immunodeficiency virus and syphilis co-infected patients during 2014 to 2015 in Antwerp, Belgium. Twenty-nine (40.3%) isolates were polymerase chain reaction positive for Treponema pallidum, and all tested were macrolide-resistant. Four genotypes were identified by sequencing-based typing including two new genotypes, U4NR8 and SU9R8, whereas enhanced Centers for Disease Control and Prevention typing revealed 7 subtypes...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499289/maternal-syphilis-an-independent-risk-factor-for-mother-to-infant-human-immunodeficiency-virus-transmission
#20
Aarti Kinikar, Nikhil Gupte, Jayalakshmi Bhat, Renu Bharadwaj, Vandana Kulkarni, Ramesh Bhosale, Katherine N McIntire, Vidya Mave, Nishi Suryavanshi, Sandesh Patil, Robert Bollinger, Amita Gupta
Syphilis is associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus acquisition and sexual transmission; we examined impact on human immunodeficiency virus mother-to-child transmission among mother-infant pairs enrolled in the India Six-Week Extended-Dose Nevirapine study. Maternal syphilis, diagnosed serologically using Venereal Disease Research Laboratory titer plus Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay, was associated with 2.5-fold greater risk.
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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