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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444157/risk-of-congenital-syphilis-following-treatment-of-maternal-syphilis-results-of-a-congenital-syphilis-control-program-in-china
#1
Fu-Chang Hong, Xiao-Bing Wu, Fan Yang, Li-Na Lan, Yang Guan, Chun-Lai Zhang, Tie-Jian Feng, Ying-Zhou Yang, Yue-Ping Yin, Wei-Ye Yu, Xiang-Sheng Chen
Background.: Early screening for syphilis among pregnant women and the effective treatment of maternal syphilis is fundamental to prevent congenital syphilis (CS). Methods.: We obtained data from the Shenzhen Program for Prevention of Congenital Syphilis (SPPCS) and estimated incidence rates of CS among infants born to syphilis-seropositive women treated with different regimens or untreated for maternal syphilis. Results.: 4746 matched cases of syphilis-seropositive mothers and their infants were included for analyses and 162 infants were diagnosed with CS, providing an overall incidence of 3...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443187/treatment-with-penicillin-g-and-hydrocortisone-reduces-als-associated-symptoms-a-case-series-of-three-patients
#2
Bert Tuk, Harmen Jousma, Pieter J Gaillard
Three male Caucasian patients with ALS were admitted to the hospital due to progressive dysphagia and dysarthria. During two 21-day courses of penicillin G and hydrocortisone, these patients' dysphagia and dysarthria resolved. The patient's other ALS-associated symptoms also improved, including respiratory function, coordination, walking, and muscle strength. This is the first report of a treatment with a protocol for treating dysphagia, dysarthria, respiratory depression and other ALS-related symptoms. Furthermore, the observations are consistent with the recent hypothesis that the successful treatment of ALS symptoms with this treatment course in six patients with syphilitic ALS was not directly due to the treatment of syphilis; but that the administered penicillin G and/or hydrocortisone treated these patients' ALS symptoms due the off-target pharmacological activity of penicillin G and/or hydrocortisone...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442816/secondary-syphilis-an-unusual-presentation
#3
Piyush Kumar, Anupam Das, Avijit Mondal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442814/syphilis-incognito-resurgence-of-the-covert-devil-keeping-the-eyes-open
#4
Ankita Srivastava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442813/acral-pebbles-a-novel-manifestation-of-partially-treated-syphilis
#5
Vijay Zawar, Tarang Goyal
Atypical manifestations in syphilis are known and pose a diagnostic dilemma. Early suspicion, timely investigations, diagnosis, and treatment, is the key to successful management. We report a patient of secondary syphilis, who presented as genital ulcer and small pebbles like eruptions on the palmar aspect of his fingers.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442809/co-infection-of-syphilis-and-hepatitis-b-with-carcinoma-penis-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-male
#6
Balaji Govindan, Kalaivani Subramanian, Maduravasagam Karunakaran
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections have a high probability of co-infections with Syphilis and hepatitis B virus since they share the common routes of transmission. We report a 41-year-old HIV male (on antiretroviral therapy for the past 6 years) admitted for a complaint of penile ulcer for 2 months. Serology for syphilis and hepatitis B were positive. Skin biopsy of the penile ulcer confirmed squamous cell carcinoma. Henceforth, the patient was referred to oncology department for further management...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442804/clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-patients-attending-suraksha-clinic-of-tertiary-care-hospital-of-north-india
#7
H S Banger, Anisha Sethi, Sita Malhotra, Suresh Kumar Malhotra, Tejinder Kaur
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a global health problem. Trends of STIs vary from place to place depending on various epidemiological factors prevailing in that respective geographic area. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to find the pattern and prevalence of different STIs out of total STI clinic attendees, to identify any change in the trend of STIs, various epidemiological factors, and behavior of individual diseases...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442802/study-of-prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-condom-use-among-male-to-female-transgender-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-chennai
#8
Subhash Dasarathan, S Kalaivani
CONTEXT: A "Transgender" person is one who dresses as, desires to be, has undergone surgery to become or identifies with opposite sex. They have a higher risk of sexually transmitted infection (STI) due to a combination of biological and social reasons. They have risky sexual behaviors but low-risk perception. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of STI/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in transgender (TG) and association with condom use. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study of 82 male-to-female TGs attending our sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic from 2011 to 2014 was undertaken...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434128/aspects-on-the-history-of-transmission-and-favor-of-distribution-of-viruses-by-iatrogenic-action-perhaps-an-example-of-a-paradigm-of-the-worldwide-spread-of-hiv
#9
REVIEW
Lutz G Gürtler, Josef Eberle
Transmission of infectious agents might be associated with iatrogenic actions of charitable help in health care. An example is the vaccination against yellow fever in USA that transmitted hepatitis B virus. Another example is injections of praziquantel for treatment and cure of schistosomiasis in Central and Northern Africa, with a focus in Egypt that has spread hepatitis C virus. There is no indication that human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 was spread by injection treatment for African trypanosomiasis, syphilis and treponematosis, but these treatments might have contributed to the early spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in Central Africa...
April 22, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#10
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428838/a-national-strategic-plan-for-reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-israel-by-the-year-2025
#11
Daniel Chemtob, Dan Gandacu, Zohar Mor, Itamar Grotto, Emilia Anis, Elliot Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: There is on ongoing debate in the literature regarding the real burden of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) in Western countries and the proper strategies needed to estimate and to prevent them. Our purpose is to present an evidence-based national strategic plan for STI prevention in Israel through assessing the current burden of illness, leading international preventive strategies, and practical policymaking experience. METHODS: Epidemiologic and health policy data on STIs were analyzed from various sources: a) systematic national surveillance data for the years 2002-2014; b) the international scientific literature (published between 2002-16; keywords: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) (or STI) AND prevention AND intervention AND gonorrhea OR chlamydia OR syphilis; c) internal Ministry of Health (MOH) analyses and reports, and d) expert opinion...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426680/echocardiographic-findings-in-infants-with-presumed-congenital-zika-syndrome-retrospective-case-series-study
#12
Danielle Di Cavalcanti, Lucas V Alves, Geraldo J Furtado, Cleusa C Santos, Fabiana G Feitosa, Maria C Ribeiro, Paulo Menge, Izabelle M Lira, Joao G Alves
OBJECTIVE: To report the echocardiographic evaluation of 103 infants with presumed congenital Zika syndrome. METHODS: An observational retrospective study was performed at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Recife, Brazil. 103 infants with presumed congenital Zika syndrome. All infants had microcephaly and head computed tomography findings compatible with congenital Zika syndrome. Zika IgM antibody was detected in cerebrospinal fluid samples of 23 infants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424971/high-frequency-of-illegal-drug-use-influences-condom-use-among-female-transgender-sex-workers-in-argentina-impact-on-hiv-and-syphilis-infections
#13
María M Avila, María S Dos Ramos Farías, Lucía Fazzi, Marcela Romero, Elena Reynaga, Rubén Marone, María A Pando
The high prevalence of HIV and syphilis found among female transgender sex workers (FTSWs) in Argentina calls for the study of factors leading to negative health consequences. Given the particular characteristics observed in this population (high marginalization, school dropout, and low adherence to healthcare services), we explored the association of several socio-demographic characteristics with syphilis and HIV infections, and the determinants of condom use. This study revealed that FTSWs from Argentina were exposed to several risk factors decreasing thus their ability to negotiate condom use and leading to increased risk for transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
April 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422012/syphilis-an-ancient-disease-in-a-modern-era
#14
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419214/the-evidence-that-increased-syphilis-testing-controls-syphilis-is-compelling-what-is-needed-to-act
#15
Jeffrey D Klausner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419198/increased-syphilis-testing-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-greater-detection-of-asymptomatic-early-syphilis-and-relative-reduction-in-secondary-syphilis
#16
Eric P F Chow, Denton Callander, Christopher K Fairley, Lei Zhang, Basil Donovan, Rebecca Guy, David A Lewis, Margaret Hellard, Phillip Read, Alison Ward, Marcus Y Chen
Background: Syphilis rates have increased markedly among men who have sex with men (MSM) in many countries. This study examined trends in syphilis testing and detection of early syphilis among MSM in Australia. Methods: Serial cross-sectional analyses on syphilis testing and diagnoses among MSM attending a national sentinel network of 46 sexual health clinics in Australia between 2007 and 2014. Results: There were 359,313 clinic visits included in the analysis, with 32% of clinic visits for HIV-positive MSM...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418539/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-colombia-and-venezuela
#17
Juan B Yepez, Felipe A Murati, Michele Pettito, Carlos F Peñaranda, Jazmin de Yepez, Gladys Maestre, J Fernando Arevalo
Importance: The ocular manifestations and sequelae of Zika virus infection are not well known. Recently, the World Health Organization changed the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency and designated the viral outbreak and related microcephaly clusters as a long-term program of work. This change indicates the urgent need to evaluate and document ophthalmic manifestations in patients for timely management of this disease. In addition, confirmation whether the public health problem in Brazil extends to other regions in South America is needed...
April 13, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418316/amoxicillin-and-ceftriaxone-as-treatment-alternatives-to-penicillin-for-maternal-syphilis
#18
Yuichi Katanami, Takehiro Hashimoto, Saho Takaya, Kei Yamamoto, Satoshi Kutsuna, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Shuzo Kanagawa, Norio Ohmagari
There is no proven alternative to penicillin for treatment of maternal syphilis. We report 2 case-patients with maternal syphilis who were successfully treated without penicillin. We used amoxicillin and probenecid for the first case-patient and amoxicillin, probenecid, and ceftriaxone for the second case-patient.
May 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414665/a-case-of-early-neurosyphilis
#19
M Walker, R Wisler, J Simmons, A Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Neurosyphilis is an infection of the central nervous system by Treponema pallidum, which can occur after the initial syphilis infection. Although commonly associated with late stage disease, patients with early neurosyphilis may present with acute syphilitic meningitis, meningovascular syphilis, or uveitis. CASE: A 28 year old man with a past medical history of HIV (CD4 364);, and recent diagnosis of uveitis presented to the Emergency Department with a positive RPR result...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413094/-pachymeningitis
#20
O Fain, A Mekinian
Pachymeningitis is a fibrosing and inflammatory process, which involves the dura mater. Some pachymeningitis are cranial and induce headaches and cranial nerve palsies. Others are spinal and responsible for nerve roots or spinal cord compression. MRI shows contrast enhancement thickening of the dura mater. Etiologies are infectious (syphilis, tuberculosis, etc.) or inflammatory (sarcoidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, IgG4-related disease, idiopathic). Corticosteroids are the main treatment. The use of immunosuppressive drugs or rituximab is yet to be determined and probably adapted to each etiology...
April 13, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
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