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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166489/prevalence-of-syphilis-and-hiv-infection-during-pregnancy-in-incarcerated-women-and-the-incidence-of-congenital-syphilis-in-births-in-prison-in-brazil
#1
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Barbara Ayres, Alexandra Roma Sánchez, Bernard Larouzé
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of syphilis and HIV infection during pregnancy, the mother to child transmission of syphilis and the incidence of congenital syphilis in incarcerated women in Brazil; to compare these rates to those observed in pregnant women outside of jail; and to verify the maternal factors associated with syphilis infection during pregnancy in free and incarcerated women. We used data from two nationwide studies conducted during the period 2011-2014. The Birth in Brazil study included 23,894 free women cared for in 266 hospitals...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166436/factors-associated-with-self-reported-discrimination-against-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-brazil
#2
Laio Magno, Inês Dourado, Luís Augusto V da Silva, Sandra Brignol, Ana Maria de Brito, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Adele Benzaken, Adriana de A Pinho, Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To estimate self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Brazil and to analyze associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 3,859 MSM recruited in 2008-2009 with respondent driven sampling. Data collection conducted in health centers in 10 Brazilian cities. A face-to-face questionnaire was used and rapid HIV and syphilis tests conducted. Aggregated data were weighted and adjusted odds ratio estimated to measure the association between selected factors and self-reported discrimination due to sexual orientation...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163936/quality-of-antenatal-care-service-provision-in-health-facilities-across-sub-saharan-africa-evidence-from-nationally-representative-health-facility-assessments
#3
Mufaro Kanyangarara, Melinda K Munos, Neff Walker
Background: Utilization of antenatal care (ANC) services has increased over the past two decades. Continued gains in maternal and newborn health will require an understanding of both access and quality of ANC services. We linked health facility and household survey data to examine the quality of service provision for five ANC interventions across health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: Using data from 20 nationally representative health facility assessments - the Service Provision Assessment (SPA) and the Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA), we estimated facility level readiness to deliver five ANC interventions: tetanus toxoid vaccine for pregnant women, intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy (IPTp), syphilis detection and treatment in pregnancy, iron supplementation and hypertensive disease case management...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162597/prevalence-and-clinical-profile-of-microcephaly-in-south-america-pre-zika-2005-14-prevalence-and-case-control-study
#4
Iêda M Orioli, Helen Dolk, Jorge S Lopez-Camelo, Daniel Mattos, Fernando A Poletta, Maria G Dutra, Flavia M Carvalho, Eduardo E Castilla
Objective To describe the prevalence and clinical spectrum of microcephaly in South America for the period 2005-14, before the start of the Zika epidemic in 2015, as a baseline for future surveillance as the Zika epidemic spreads and as other infectious causes may emerge in future.Design Prevalence and case-control study.Data sources ECLAMC (Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations) database derived from 107 hospitals in 10 South American countries, 2005 to 2014. Data on microcephaly cases, four non-malformed controls per case, and all hospital births (all births for hospital based prevalence, resident within municipality for population based prevalence)...
November 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160448/availability-of-essential-medicines-in-primary-health-care-of-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#5
Renata Cristina Rezende Macedo do Nascimento, Juliana Álvares, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Isabel Cristina Gomes, Ediná Alves Costa, Silvana Nair Leite, Karen Sarmento Costa, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Francisco de Assis Acurcio
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the availability of tracer medicines in pharmaceutical services in primary health care of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and evaluative study, part of the Pesquisa Nacional Sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). To analyze the availability of medicines, we verified 50 items selected from the Relação Nacional de Medicamentos Essenciais (Rename - National List of Essential Medicines) of 2012...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159593/high-burden-of-hiv-syphilis-and-hsv-2-and-factors-associated-with-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-tanzania-implications-for-early-treatment-of-hiv-and-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep
#6
Lung Vu, Kavita Misra
This paper estimates population-based prevalence of HIV, syphilis, HSV-2 and factors influencing HIV infection using a national sample of 1914 female sex workers (FSWs) in 7 regions in Tanzania. Additionally, HIV incidence was estimated by comparing biological HIV results with self-reported HIV status. The average HIV prevalence among FSWs in all 7 regions was 28%, ranging from 14% in Tabora to 38% in Shinyanga. HIV incidence was found to be 13 per 100 person-years. Syphilis prevalence was 8% with significantly higher burden found in Iringa (11%), Mbeya (13%), and Shinyanga (12%)...
November 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157179/association-between-false-positive-torch-and-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-healthy-pregnant-women
#7
S De Carolis, S Tabacco, F Rizzo, G Perrone, C Garufi, A Botta, S Salvi, P Benedetti Panici, A Lanzone
The present study investigated: (a) the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies and (b) the obstetric outcome in healthy pregnant women showing false-positive TORCH-Toxoplasmosis, Other: syphilis, varicella-zoster, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Herpes infections-results. Data from 23 singleton healthy pregnancies with false-positive TORCH results were collected. Each woman was systematically screened for TORCH IgG and IgM during the pre-conception assessment and/or at the beginning of pregnancy. In the presence of IgM positivity, when indicated (CMV, toxoplasmosis, rubella, herpes simplex virus), IgG avidity was evaluated and, if possible, polymerase chain reaction was performed on an amniotic fluid sample in order to distinguish between primary infection or false positivity...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151198/high-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behavior-among-young-argentine-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Iván C Balán, Timothy Frasca, María A Pando, Rubén O Marone, Victoria Barreda, Curtis Dolezal, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, María M Ávila
In the United States young men who have sex with men have higher rates of substance use, higher HIV incidence, and less frequent HIV testing than their heterosexual counterparts and older MSM. Less is known about comparable populations in Latin America. As part of an epidemiological study, MSM were recruited through Respondent Driven Sampling in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Argentina and answered a computerized behavioral survey. From the total of 500 MSM enrolled, a sub-sample of 233 aged 18-25 was analyzed...
November 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145597/laboratory-testing-of-a-cohort-of-commercially-insured-users-of-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#9
Ya-Lin A Huang, Guoyu Tao, Taraz Samandari, Karen W Hoover
To ensure the health and safety of persons taking antiretroviral medication for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), CDC guidelines recommend initial and follow-up laboratory testing. We assessed the rates of recommended testing using a commercial insurance claims database. Before taking PrEP, 45% of users were tested for HIV, 31% for creatinine, 55% for syphilis, 43% for chlamydia/gonorrhea, and 38% for hepatitis B. By 6 months after PrEP initiation, 38% were tested for HIV, 37% for creatinine, 49% for syphilis, and 39% for chlamydia/gonorrhea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143647/modelling-stillbirth-mortality-reduction-with-the-lives-saved-tool
#10
Hannah Blencowe, Victoria B Chou, Joy E Lawn, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The worldwide burden of stillbirths is large, with an estimated 2.6 million babies stillborn in 2015 including 1.3 million dying during labour. The Every Newborn Action Plan set a stillbirth target of ≤12 per 1000 in all countries by 2030. Planning tools will be essential as countries set policy and plan investment to scale up interventions to meet this target. This paper summarises the approach taken for modelling the impact of scaling-up health interventions on stillbirths in the Lives Saved tool (LiST), and potential future refinements...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143639/linking-household-surveys-and-health-facility-assessments-to-estimate-intervention-coverage-for-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#11
Mufaro Kanyangarara, Victoria B Chou
BACKGROUND: Calls have been made for improved measurement of coverage for maternal, newborn and child health interventions. Recently, methods linking household and health facility surveys have been used to improve estimation of intervention coverage. However, linking methods rely the availability of household and health facility surveys which are temporally matched. Because nationally representative health facility assessments are not yet routinely conducted in many low and middle income countries, estimates of intervention coverage based on linking methods can be produced for only a subset of countries...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141915/laboratory-screening-for-children-entering-foster-care
#12
Mary V Greiner, Sarah J Beal, Katie Nause, Mary Allen Staat, Judith W Dexheimer, Philip V Scribano
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of medical illness detected by laboratory screening in children entering foster care in a single, urban county. METHODS: All children entering foster care in a single county in Ohio were seen at a consultation foster care clinic and had laboratory screening, including testing for infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, and tuberculosis as well as for hemoglobin and lead levels. RESULTS: Over a 3-year period (2012-2015), laboratory screening was performed on 1977 subjects entering foster care in a consultative foster care clinic...
November 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140871/hiv-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#13
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Germana Henry Leyna, Rose Mpembeni, Melkizedeck Thomas Leshabari
INTRODUCTION: Limited studies and differential risk behaviours among men who have sex with men(MSM) in Africa calls for population specific studies. We present results from the largest integrated bio-behavioural survey among MSM in Africa to inform programming. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study utilizing respondent driven sampling to recruit MSM aged 18 and above. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and HIV-related risks were collected and all participants were tested for HIV, Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 (HSV-2), Hepatitis-B Virus (HBV) and Syphilis...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138654/syphilis-and-hiv-infections-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-republic-of-congo
#14
Roch Fabien Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Edith Sophie Bayonne Kombo, Ruth Yengo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Etoka-Beka Mandingha Kosso, Igor Louzolo, Lucette Macosso, Ghislain Dzeret, Angélie Serge Patrick Dzabatou Babeaux, Marie-Francke Puruehnce, Henri Joseph Parra
Introduction: HIV and syphilis during pregnancy remain a public health concern especially in developing countries. Pregnant women attending antenatal clinics sites for the first time between September and December 2011 and who accepted to participate in the study were enrolled. The objective was to estimate the syphilis and HIV infection rate in this population. Methods: A study was conducted in 44 selected ANCs from 12 departments (5 urban and 7 rural). Pregnant women who accepted to participate in the study, attending selected sentinel ANCs sites for the first time between September and December 2011 were enrolled...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136744/-factors-associated-with-syphilis-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shenzhen-2011-2016
#15
Y M Cai, Y J Song, H Liu, F C Hong
Objective: To investigate the factors associated with syphilis/HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) maintaining a single sexual partner in Shenzhen. Methods: Respondent driven sampling and snowball sampling method were used to recruit MSM receiving voluntary counseling and testing in Shenzhen Rainbow clinic from 2011 to 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA: aged 18 years and above; reported having one or more anal sexual partners in the recent 6 months. A total of 3 109 men who have sex with men (MSM) were involved in the study...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136161/trends-and-predictors-of-syphilis-prevalence-in-the-general-population-global-pooled-analyses-of-1103-prevalence-measures-including-136-million-syphilis-tests
#16
Alex Smolak, Jane Rowley, Nico Nagelkerke, Nicholas J Kassebaum, R Matthew Chico, Eline L Korenromp, Laith J Abu-Raddad
Background: This study assessed levels, trends, and associations of observed syphilis prevalence in the general adult population using global pooled analyses. Methods: A standardized database of syphilis prevalence was compiled by pooling systematically-gathered data. Random-effects meta-analyses and meta-regressions were conducted using data from 1990-2016 to estimate pooled measures and assess predictors and trends. Countries were classified by World Health Organization regions...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135519/syphilis-of-the-aerodigestive-tract
#17
Julie Y Tse, May P Chan, Judith A Ferry, Vikram Deshpande, Aliyah R Sohani, Valentina Nardi, Andras Schaffer, Rosalynn M Nazarian, Lawrence R Zukerberg
Syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Treponema pallidum, is increasing in prevalence in the United States. It has been our experience that primary and secondary syphilis of the aerodigestive tract can afflict a large age spectrum with varied clinical and histopathologic findings, which can lead to diagnostic problems and frequent misdiagnosis. In this study, we describe the histopathologic patterns of syphilis of the aerodigestive tract to expand awareness of its varied appearance...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133821/incidence-of-asymptomatic-neurosyphilis-in-serofast-chinese-syphilis-patients
#18
Sheng Nan Cai, Jing Long, Chen Chen, Gang Wan, Wen Hui Lun
More new diagnosed syphilis cases were reported in china, the incidence and relevant factors of asymptomatic neurosyphilis (ANS) in serofast syphilis patients were unclear. Clinical and laboratory data of 402 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) negative, serofast syphilis patients, who underwent lumbar puncture at the Peking University Ditan Teaching Hospital between September 2008 and August 2016, were collected. Incidence of ANS was verified and the relevant factors were further analyzed. According to the ANS criteria, 139 (34...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133803/microbial-diversity-of-genital-ulcers-of-hsv-2-seropositive-women
#19
Supriya D Mehta, Ashish K Pradhan, Stefan J Green, Ankur Naqib, Elijah Odoyo-June, Charlotte A Gaydos, Sheila Barry, Alan Landay, Robert C Bailey
We measured the microbial community structure of genital ulcers in women. Swabs from clinically detected ulcers were tested for HSV-2 and Treponema pallidum by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). HSV-2 and T. pallidum were detected by serum antibody testing. Microbial community structure was characterized by high-throughput 16 s rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Multiple group testing and Elastic net and Lasso regressions identified taxa associated with differences in factors of interest. Among 49 ulcer specimens from 49 HSV-2 seropositive women, by PCR HSV-2 was recovered from 28 (57%) specimens and T...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133639/comparison-of-seropositivity-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hepatitis-b-virus-hepatitis-c-virus-and-syphilis-among-hospital-cornea-retrieval-programme-donors-versus-voluntary-cornea-donors-at-a-large-eye-bank-in-eastern-india
#20
Soham Basak, Samar K Basak, Bani Biswas
PURPOSE: To compare the serology profile of donors from Hospital Cornea Retrieval Programme-donors (HCRP-D) and voluntary cornea donors (VC-D) from a large eye bank in Eastern India. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of donor details from January 2011 to December 2016. Donor demographics, cause of death, and serology reports were compiled. Postmortem blood was tested for human immunodeficiency virus 1 and 2 (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and syphilis using government-approved kits as per the National Programme for Control of Blindness Standards of Eye Banking...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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