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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820706/high-prevalence-of-treponema-pallidum-infection-in-brazilian-prisoners
#1
Maisa Estopa Correa, Julio Croda, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta de Castro, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira, Maurício Antonio Pompilio, Ronaldo Omizolo de Souza, Júlio Henrique Ferreira de Sá Queiroz, Kesia Esther da Silva, Albert L Ko, Simone Simionatto
The number of new syphilis cases in Brazil has risen alarmingly in recent years. However, there is limited data regarding syphilis prevalence in the Brazilian prison population. To facilitate the development of effective interventions, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Treponema pallidum infection, active syphilis, and associated risk factors among Brazilian prisoners. We administered a questionnaire to a population-based sample of prisoners from 12 prisons in Central-West Brazil and collected sera for syphilis testing, from January to December 2013...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820696/new-surge-of-syphilis-among-patients-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-martinique-in-2015
#2
Alain Putot, Benoît Rozé, Sandrine Pierre-François, Mathilde Pircher, Rosalie Vilain, Charline Miossec, Nicole Desbois, Patrick Hochedez, Karine Guitteaud, Ingrid Laudarin, Sylvie Abel, André Cabié
A syphilis outbreak began in Martinique, French Antilles, in 2004, initially among men who had sex with men (MSM) and who were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The outbreak subsequently affected all groups at risk, leading to a first epidemic peak in 2008. After an initial decrease, the outbreak started growing again in 2014 among patients living with HIV with unprecedented incidence among MSM. Herein, we describe the change in medical and social parameters of the outbreak since 2005.
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#3
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820345/erythema-multiforme-triggered-by-treponema-pallidum-infection-in-an-hiv-infected-patient
#4
Luiz Gfab D'Elia Zanella, Érika F Sampaio, Rute F Lellis
We are currently facing a worldwide epidemic of syphilis. Clinical manifestations that are rarely seen have been encountered, leading the dermatologist to confront unusual clinical conditions in daily practice. Erythema multiforme triggered by syphilis is very rare and is also seldom reported in the literature. We report a case of secondary syphilis in an HIV-positive patient, whose clinical, pathologic and serologic features were consistent with the diagnosis of erythema multiforme triggered by syphilis.
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816862/unilateral-optic-neuritis-and-central-retinal-vasculitis-due-to-ocular-syphilis
#5
Murtaza S Khan, Dulanji K Kuruppu, Tanav A Popli, Ramana S Moorthy, Devin D Mackay
PURPOSE: Report a case of concurrent unilateral optic neuritis and central retinal artery occlusion as the presenting signs of syphilis. METHODS: A case report of a 22-year-old man with progressive unilateral vision loss. RESULTS: With no known previous history of syphilis, genital lesions, or other extraocular manifestations, the patient presented with pain with eye movements and decreased color vision. His vision dramatically worsened after a course of oral steroids...
August 14, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812057/screening-for-syphilis-in-cases-of-suspected-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-infections
#6
Kumara V Nibhanipudi, Kenneth Cody
Background. In all cases of suspected sexually transmitted infections (STIs), it has been routine practice to screen for syphilis with a blood sample. The incidence of syphilis seems to be lower than that of commonly screened STIs. Objective. The objective of our study was to determine whether it is cost-effective to screen for syphilis with serological testing in cases of suspected gonorrhea and chlamydia infections. Hypothesis. Our hypothesis is that it is not cost-effective to screen for syphilis in cases of presumed gonorrhea and chlamydia infections...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809770/uptake-of-home-based-syphilis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-among-male-partners-of-pregnant-women-in-western-kenya
#7
Jennifer Mark, John Kinuthia, Alison C Roxby, Daisy Krakowiak, Alfred Osoti, Barbra A Richardson, Molly Ann Gone, Victor Asila, Saloni Parikh, Carey Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Few men are tested for syphilis or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during their partner's pregnancy, a high-risk period for HIV and syphilis transmission. Offering home-based rapid testing of syphilis to couples during pregnancy can support prevention efforts to reduce transmission of sexually transmitted diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We assessed men's uptake of paired (separate tests, single blood draw) point-of-care syphilis and HIV tests within a randomized controlled trial of pregnant women who received clinic or home partner HIV testing...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807019/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-antenatal-syphilis-screening-and-treatment-for-the-prevention-of-congenital-syphilis-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-and-zambia-results-of-qualitative-formative-research
#8
Dalau Nkamba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Arlette Mavila Kilonga, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Amanda Mabel Berrueta, Agustina Mazzoni, Fernando Althabe, Ezequiel Garcia-Elorrio, Antoniette K Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Pierre M Buekens, Maria Belizan
BACKGROUND: The impact of untreated syphilis during pregnancy on neonatal health remains a major public health threat worldwide. Given the high prevalence of syphilis during pregnancy in Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Preventive Congenital Syphilis Trial (PCS Trial), a cluster randomized trial, was proposed to increase same-day screening and treatment of syphilis during antenatal care visits. To design an accepted and feasible intervention, we conducted a qualitative  formative research...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804674/systematic-differences-in-hiv-syphilis-and-risk-behaviors-among-street-based-and-establishment-based-female-sex-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-of-nepal
#9
Sampurna Kakchapati, Tarun Paudel, Manju Maharjan, Apiradee Lim
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are main drivers of the HIV epidemic in Nepal. The work environment of sex work in Nepal is differentiated into establishment based (e.g. massage parlors, dance restaurants, hotels and lodges) and street based (e.g. streets, parks and markets). The study compares HIV, syphilis and risk behaviours among establishment-based FSWs and street-based FSWs in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional bio-behavioral surveys in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2015 aimed to sample 2093 FSWs using two stage cluster sampling in the Kathmandu valley...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799163/cost-analysis-and-performance-assessment-of-partner-services-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-diseases-new-york-state-2014
#10
Britney L Johnson, James Tesoriero, Wenhui Feng, Feng Qian, Erika G Martin
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the programmatic costs of partner services for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydial infection. STUDY SETTING: New York State and local health departments conducting partner services activities in 2014. STUDY DESIGN: A cost analysis estimated, from the state perspective, total program costs and cost per case assignment, patient interview, partner notification, and disease-specific key performance indicator. DATA COLLECTION: Data came from contracts, a time study of staff effort, and statewide surveillance systems...
August 11, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792374/evaluation-of-an-automated-quantitative-latex-immunoturbidimetric-non-treponemal-assay-for-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-syphilis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Kara Osbak, Said Abdellati, Achilleas Tsoumanis, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Luc Kestens, Tania Crucitti, Chris Kenyon
PURPOSE: We evaluated the Sekure rapid plasma reagin (RPR-S) (Sekisui Diagnostics) automated quantitative latex immunoturbidimetric assay performed on the SK500 clinical chemistry system for clinical appropriateness. METHODOLOGY: Syphilis-infected individuals and controls were recruited into a prospective cohort study conducted at a sexually transmitted infection clinic in Antwerp, Belgium. Sera collected at diagnosis (baseline) and at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-treatment were tested with RPR-S and Macro-Vue RPR card (RPR-C) (Becton Dickinson) assays; RPR-C was considered the reference test...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792076/high-prevalence-of-syphilis-hbv-and-hcv-co-infection-and-low-rate-of-effective-vaccination-against-hepatitis-b-in-hiv-infected-patients-in-west-china-hospital
#12
Tingting Yang, Qixia Chen, Dongdong Li, Tingting Wang, Yu Gou, Bin Wei, Chuanmin Tao
Background and Aims To investigate the epidemiological features and risk factors of HBV, HCV and syphilis infection among HIV-infected patients in West China Hospital. Methods A retrospective study was conducted with HIV-infected patients from 2014 to 2016 in West China hospital, SCU. Serum makers for HBV, HCV and syphilis were detected. Results Among 894 HIV-infected patients, the prevalence of HIV/HBV, HIV/HCV, HIV/syphilis co-infections was 14.4%, 5.7%, and 18.9% respectively. HIV/HBV/HCV, HIV/HCV/syphilis and HIV/HBV/syphilis triple co-infection was 7 (0...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782502/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-consult-series-43-hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-management
#13
Brenna L Hughes, Charlotte M Page, Jeffrey A Kuller
In the United States, 1-2.5% of pregnant women are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), which carries an approximately 5% risk of transmission from mother to infant. HCV can be transmitted to the infant in utero or during the peripartum period, and infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and low birth weight. The purpose of this document is to discuss the current evidence regarding HCV in pregnancy and to provide recommendations on screening, treatment, and management of this disease during pregnancy...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777202/nitrite-inhalant-use-and-hiv-infection-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-2-large-cities-in-china
#14
Xiaofang Wang, Yanqi Li, Zunyou Wu, Zhenzhu Tang, Kathleen H Reilly, Quanxing Nong
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the role that nitrite inhalants play in HIV infection and risky sex behaviors among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: The study consisted of a baseline and a follow-up survey conducted in Beijing and Nanning, China. The baseline study recruited participants through online advertisements and peer referral to complete a questionnaire interview, oral rapid HIV test, and blood HIV and syphilis tests. The follow-up included a questionnaire interview, and optional oral and/or blood HIV testing...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776596/ocular-syphilis-the-re-establishment-of-an-old-disease
#15
J Wells, C Wood, A Sukthankar, N P Jones
PurposeTo present the patient profiles, clinical presentations and visual outcomes in those diagnosed with ocular syphilis, attending a subspecialist uveitis service in northern England over a 15-year period.Patients and methodsRetrospective observational case series of patients presenting between January 2002 and December 2016.ResultsA total of 50 eyes of 34 patients had intraocular inflammation due to syphilis. Of these, 94% were male, and 75% were men who had sex with men. Ten (29%), all male, were HIV-positive...
August 4, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776463/prevalence-and-impact-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-pregnant-women-in-central-ethiopia
#16
Andreas Schönfeld, Torsten Feldt, Tafese B Tufa, Hans M Orth, André Fuchs, Million G Mesfun, Frieder Pfäfflin, Tamara Nordmann, Matthias Breuer, Monika Hampl, Dieter Häussinger
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major global public health issue and omnipresent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase the risk of HIV acquisition. Moreover, STIs and HIV in pregnant women can harm the unborn child. In this study, we systematically investigated the prevalence of HIV, relevant STIs and vaginal group B streptococcus colonization among pregnant women presenting at Asella Teaching Hospital in central Ethiopia and their effect on perinatal mortality. A follow-up was performed six weeks after delivery...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769140/aortic-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-syphilis-related-spinal-pain-and-paraplegia
#17
Daniel Brito de Araujo, Danise Senna Oliveira, Rodrigo Kraft Rovere, Umberto Lopes de Oliveira Filho
The tertiary stage of syphilis is nowadays extremely rare, showing predilection for the cardiovascular and nervous systems. A 57-year-old Caucasian man sought medical assistance due to back pain that evolved to paraplegia of the lower limbs. A thoracic CT scan demonstrated an important aneurysmatic lesion of the descending thoracic aorta causing erosion of the vertebral bodies and VDRL and FTA-abs positivity. Although rare, syphilitic aortitis, the hallmark of cardiovascular syphilis, should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with thoracic aneurysm when in the absence of classic risk factors for atherosclerosis, especially in cases that progress with erosion of vertebral bodies...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768989/the-diagnosis-of-secondary-syphilis-by-gram-and-giemsa-staining
#18
Yoshiyuki Sekikawa, Rentaro Oda, Igen Hongo, Emi Ono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768983/longitudinally-extensive-transverse-myelitis-and-optic-neuropathy-associated-with-syphilitic-meningomyelitis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Rie Tohge, Yuya Shinoto, Makio Takahashi
The incidence of co-infection with Treponema pallidum and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasing in developing and developed countries. The neurological complications of both infections occasionally occur simultaneously during a clinical course. We herein report the case of an HIV carrier with syphilitic meningomyelitis and subclinical optic neuropathy. The patient presumably had latent syphilis and slowly developed longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM). A cerebrospinal fluid examination confirmed the diagnosis of active neurosyphilis based on an elevated T...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768469/novel-outreach-settings-to-enhance-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-awareness-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-hard-to-reach-populations
#20
T Lampejo, R Turner, C Roberts, K Allen, L Watson, L Caverley-Frost, P Scott, E Ostridge, G Cooney, J Hardy, K Nulty, S Day
Despite recent rises in the number of cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as syphilis and gonorrhoea in England and increasing rates of HIV diagnosis among several men who have sex with men populations, many individuals are still not engaging with sexual health services. The John Hunter Clinic for Sexual Health, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London set up outreach clinics at the two world's largest adult lifestyle exhibitions in 2013 and 2015. This was the first time that a sexual health screening and promotion service was available at these large-scale (over 10,000 attendees at each) adult lifestyle events...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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