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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525447/mothers-fathers-sons-and-human-papillomavirus-immunization-practices
#1
Tami Lynn Thomas, Ora L Strickland, Melinda Higgins
Despite the fact that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV-related cancers are on the rise in men, male HPV vaccine series completion is less than 10% in many areas. This study examined parental knowledge of the HPV vaccine and intent to vaccinate their sons. A cross-sectional study of 341 parents of boys was conducted in school settings in rural southeastern Georgia. Mothers were 2.07 times more likely than fathers to vaccinate their sons. Future research directions should include strategies to increase HPV vaccination in both genders and focus on parents' perceived severity and vulnerability of their sons to HPV infection...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511599/teething
#2
Olubunmi Olusola Bankole, Folake Barakat Lawal
Misconceptions about the teething process has led to high infant morbidity and mortality, which was recently experienced in Nigeria due to consumption of an adulterated drug used in the prevention and treatment of teething-related illnesses in infants. It is however, unknown if these misconceptions still persist in a rural town in Nigeria despite oral health awareness campaigns targeted at this. The aim of this study is to assess the beliefs and practices of residents in Igbo Ora, a rural township in Nigeria, regarding the teething process...
January 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504820/using-propensity-score-matching-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-complementary-medicine-on-clinical-and-embryologic-outcomes-of-in-vitro-fertilization
#3
Anat Porat-Katz, Talia Eldar-Geva, Arik Kahane, Ora Paltiel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between using complementary medical therapies (CMTs) and embryologic and clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: The present prospective questionnaire-based cohort study enrolled women aged 18-44 years undergoing their first, second, or third IVF cycle using their own oocytes at a large IVF clinic in Israel between February 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015. Clinical and embryologic data were obtained from patient records and patients completed a self-administered questionnaire that included details of any CMTs used to treat infertility...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495110/women-and-health-in-israel
#4
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash, Rivka Carmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486553/pilot-study-of-a-multi-pronged-intervention-using-social-norms-and-priming-to-improve-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-and-retention-in-care-among-adults-living-with-hiv-in-tanzania
#5
Sandra I McCoy, Carolyn Fahey, Aarthi Rao, Ntuli Kapologwe, Prosper F Njau, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo
BACKGROUND: Interventions incorporating constructs from behavioral economics and psychology have the potential to enhance HIV 'treatment as prevention' (TasP) strategies. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated an intervention to improve antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence based on the concepts of social norms and priming. METHODS: We used tools from marketing research and patient-centered design to develop a combination intervention that included visual feedback about clinic-level retention in care, a self-relevant prime, and useful take-home items with the priming image...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473596/does-antibiotic-treatment-affect-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-fdg-pet-ct-studies-in-patients-with-suspected-infectious-processes
#6
Olga Kagna, Marina Kurash, Nesrin Ghanem-Zouabi, Zohar Keidar, Ora Israel
Fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emmission tomography combined with computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) plays a significant role in the assessment of various infectious processes. Patients with suspected or known sites of infection are often referred for FDG imaging while already receiving antibiotic treatment. Current study assesses whether antibiotic therapy affects the detectability rate of infectious processes by FDG PET/CT. Methods: A 5-year retrospective study of all adult patients who underwent FDG PET/CT in search of a focal source of infection was performed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464876/prenatal-chlorpyrifos-leads-to-autism-like-deficits-in-c57bl6-j-mice
#7
Anat Lan, Michal Kalimian, Benjamin Amram, Ora Kofman
BACKGROUND: Children are at daily risk for exposure to organophosphate insecticides, of which the most common is chlorpyrifos (CPF). Exposure of pregnant women to CPF was linked to decreased birth weight, abnormal reflexes, reduction in IQ, as well as increased maternal reports of signs of pervasive developmental disorder. The aim of current study was to examine the long term effects of prenatal exposure to CPF in C57BL/6 J (B6) mice with specific focus on social and repetitive behavior...
May 2, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462467/the-effect-of-ct-based-attenuation-correction-on-the-automatic-perfusion-score-of-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-using-a-dedicated-cardiac-solid-state-czt-spect-ct
#8
John A Kennedy, Yafim Brodov, Adam L Weinstein, Ora Israel, Alex Frenkel
BACKGROUND: Data regarding cardiac cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT)-specific augmented databases and their impact on CT-based attenuation correction (AC) perfusion scores in myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) were obtained on a multiple-pinhole CZT SPECT/CT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Summed stress (SSS) and rest scores (SRS) were measured using automated software in three independent patient groups: group 1 (n = 80) underwent MPI on both CZT and conventional sodium iodide (NaI) devices, group 2 (n = 80) with low coronary artery disease likelihood and normal MPI provided reference CZT databases; and group 3 (n = 152) served to compare AC and non-AC (NAC) scores on CZT...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430871/cluspro-peptidock-efficient-global-docking-of-peptide-recognition-motifs-using-fft
#9
Kathryn A Porter, Bing Xia, Dmitri Beglov, Tanggis Bohnuud, Nawsad Alam, Ora Schueler-Furman, Dima Kozakov
Summary: We present an approach for the efficient docking of peptide motifs to their free receptor structures. Using a motif based search, we can retrieve structural fragments from the Protein Data Bank (PDB) that are very similar to the peptide's final, bound conformation. We use a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) based docking method to quickly perform global rigid body docking of these fragments to the receptor. According to CAPRI peptide docking criteria, an acceptable conformation can often be found among the top-ranking predictions...
April 18, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417158/incidence-and-predictive-factors-of-internet-addiction-among-chinese-secondary-school-students-in-hong-kong-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Joseph T F Lau, Danielle L Gross, Anise M S Wu, Kit-Man Cheng, Mason M C Lau
PURPOSE: Internet use has global influences on all aspects of life and has become a growing concern. Cross-sectional studies on Internet addiction (IA) have been reported but causality is often unclear. More longitudinal studies are warranted. METHODS: We investigated incidence and predictors of IA conversion among secondary school students. A 12-month longitudinal study was conducted among Hong Kong Chinese Secondary 1-4 students (N = 8286). Using the 26-item Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS; cut-off >63), non-IA cases were identified at baseline...
April 17, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413437/gostag-gene-ontology-subtrees-to-tag-and-annotate-genes-within-a-set
#11
Brian D Bennett, Pierre R Bushel
BACKGROUND: Over-representation analysis (ORA) detects enrichment of genes within biological categories. Gene Ontology (GO) domains are commonly used for gene/gene-product annotation. When ORA is employed, often times there are hundreds of statistically significant GO terms per gene set. Comparing enriched categories between a large number of analyses and identifying the term within the GO hierarchy with the most connections is challenging. Furthermore, ascertaining biological themes representative of the samples can be highly subjective from the interpretation of the enriched categories...
2017: Source Code for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412313/is-trial-of-labor-harmful-in-breech-delivery-a-cohort-comparison-for-breech-and-vertex-presentations
#12
S Adjaoud, R Demailly, S Michel-Semail, T Rakza, L Storme, P Deruelle, C Garabedian, D Subtil
INTRODUCTION: Planned vaginal delivery in breech presentation is accompanied by an excess neonatal risk that has, however, rarely been compared to that of delivery in vertex presentation. Because of the severity of complications that can occur in long-term follow-up, the risk of asphyxia is of particular concern. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess immediate neonatal status after a planned vaginal delivery of fetuses in breech compared with vertex presentation, we planned a retrospective hospital cohort study of singleton term deliveries from 2000 to 2011...
April 13, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401406/the-impact-of-militarism-patriarchy-and-culture-on-israeli-women-s-reproductive-health-and-well-being
#13
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash
PURPOSE: In this paper, we situate and frame Israeli women's reproductive health within the social, historical, political, cultural, and geographical context of Israeli women's lives. METHODS: We used a theoretical review in this paper. RESULTS: Militarism, patriarchy, and cultural values heavily shape and influence Jewish and Arab women's access to and experience of reproductive health when it comes to the imperative to have children, pregnancy, birth, access to contraception and abortion, and other reproductive healthcare services...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390910/genome-wide-snps-resolve-phylogenetic-relationships-in-the-north-american-spruce-budworm-choristoneura-fumiferana-species-complex
#14
J R Dupuis, B M T Brunet, H M Bird, L M Lumley, G Fagua, B Boyle, R Levesque, M Cusson, J A Powell, F A H Sperling
High throughput sequencing technologies have revolutionized the potential to reconcile incongruence between gene and species trees, and numerous approaches have been developed to take advantage of these advances. Genotyping-by-sequencing is becoming a regular tool for gathering phylogenetic data, yet comprehensive evaluations of phylogenetic methods using these data are sparse. Here we use multiple phylogenetic and population genetic methods for genotyping-by-sequencing data to assess species relationships in a group of forest insect pests, the spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) species complex...
April 5, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387800/molecular-characterization-of-chlamydia-pneumoniae-associated-to-atherosclerosis
#15
Loubna El Yazouli, Alexis Criscuolo, Hicham Hejaji, Mohamed Bouaaza, Naima Elmdaghri, Aziz Aroussi Alami, Abderahim Amraoui, Nadia Dakka, Fouzia Radouani
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a respiratory pathogen associated with chronic inflammatory diseases such as asthma and atherosclerosis, and its detection in human carotid and coronary atheroma suggests some support for its involvement in atherogenesis. The main objective of our study was to evaluate the association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and atherosclerosis in Moroccan patients through a case/control approach and detected strain genotyping. A total of 137 cases and 124 controls were enrolled, nested PCR was performed for Chlamydia pneumoniae screening of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of both cases and controls as well as atheroma plaques from 37 cases, and positive samples were subjected to sequencing for genotyping and phylogenetic analysis...
April 6, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374466/post-operative-pain-relief-using-local-infiltration-analgesia-during-open-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#16
J M Hayden, J Oras, O I Karlsson, K G Olausson, S-E Thörn, A Gupta
BACKGROUND: Post-operative pain is common and often severe after open abdominal hysterectomy, and analgesic consumption high. This study assessed the efficacy of local infiltration analgesia (LIA) injected systematically into different tissues during surgery compared with saline on post-operative pain and analgesia. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients were randomized to Group LIA (n = 29) consisting of 156 ml of a mixture of 0.2% ropivacaine + 30 mg ketorolac + 0.5 mg (5 ml) adrenaline, where the drugs were injected systematically in the operating site, around the proximal vagina, the ligaments, in the fascia and subcutaneously, or to saline and intravenous ketorolac, Group C (Control, n = 28), in a double-blind study...
May 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373257/prevalence-and-influencing-factors-of-hepatitis-b-among-a-rural-residential-population-in-zhejiang-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Shigui Yang, Cheng Ding, Yuanxia Cui, Jie Wu, Chengbo Yu, Ping Chen, Kaijin Xu, Min Deng, Yiping Li, Juanjuan Liu, Pei Yin, Wen Ren, Yan Qiu, Qing Cao, Yuqing Zhou, Jun Yao, Bing Ruan, Jingjing Ren, Lanjuan Li
OBJECTIVES: To reveal the prevalence and associated influencing factors of hepatitis B among a rural residential population in Zhejiang, China, in order to help develop specific control strategies. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among a rural residential population in Zhejiang, China. Stratified multistage cluster sampling was utilised in five districts; a structured questionnaire was used to collect the information such as age, gender, education, occupation, living status, and other health related information of the participants by trained local staff; and the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection status of the participants was determined by the chemiluminescence immunoassay test...
April 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369186/multi-infarct-dementia-of-swedish-type-is-caused-by-a-3-utr-mutation-of-col4a1
#18
Maija Siitonen, Anne Börjesson-Hanson, Minna Pöyhönen, Ari Ora, Petra Pasanen, Jose Bras, Silke Kern, Jürgen Kern, Oluf Andersen, Horia Stanescu, Robert Kleta, Marc Baumann, Rajesh Kalaria, Hannu Kalimo, Andy Singleton, John Hardy, Matti Viitanen, Liisa Myllykangas, Rita Guerreiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357891/earliest-memories-in-israeli-kibbutz-upbringing-it-is-parental-engagement-that-makes-a-difference
#19
Ora Aviezer, Efrat Sher-Censor, Tahel Stein-Lahad
Culture and parenting shape the ability to recall early childhood experiences. This research focused on the unique context of upbringing in the Israeli kibbutz and examined how cultural orientation and experiences of parental engagement in Kibbutz and non-Kibbutz settings shaped adults' earliest memories. Participants were 108 women (study 1) and 75 women and men (study 2) who were raised in traditional kibbutz upbringing or in a non-kibbutz family setting. In addition to reporting their earliest memory and age at earliest memory, participants estimated retrospectively the amount of daily time spent in interaction with parents, caregivers, and other children during the time of earliest memory...
March 30, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356267/hemoglobin-inhibits-albumin-uptake-by-proximal-tubule-cells-implications-for-sickle-cell-disease
#20
Megan L Eshbach, Amandeep Kaur, Youssef Rbaibi, Jesus Tejero, Ora A Weisz
Proximal tubule (PT) dysfunction, including tubular proteinuria, is a significant complication in young sickle cell disease (SCD) that can eventually lead to chronic kidney disease. Hemoglobin (Hb) dimers released from red blood cells upon hemolysis are filtered into the kidney and internalized by megalin/cubilin receptors into PT cells. The PT is especially sensitive to heme toxicity, and tubular dysfunction in SCD is thought to result from prolonged exposure to filtered Hb. Here we show that concentrations of Hb predicted to enter the tubule lumen during hemolytic crisis competitively inhibit the uptake of another megalin/cubilin ligand (albumin) by proximal tubule (PT) cells...
March 29, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
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