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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212587/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-females-performing-high-impact-exercises
#1
Magdaléna Hagovska, Ján Švihra, Alena Buková, Agáta Hrobacz, Dana Dračková, Viera Švihrová, Lenka Kraus
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to monitor the prevalence of symptoms of stress (SUI) and mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) in sportswomen performing high-impact exercises. A further objective was to compare the symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) and quality of life in sportswomen. We used the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF), the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q), the Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), short version...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212415/aflatoxin-exposure-during-the-first-36-months-of-life-was-not-associated-with-impaired-growth-in-nepalese-children-an-extension-of-the-mal-ed-study
#2
Nicole J Mitchell, Hui-Husan Hsu, Ram Krishna Chandyo, Binob Shrestha, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Yu-Kang Tu, Yun-Yun Gong, Patricia A Egner, Manjeswori Ulak, John D Groopman, Felicia Wu
Exposure to aflatoxin, a mycotoxin common in many foods, has been associated with child growth impairment in sub-Saharan Africa. To improve our understanding of growth impairment in relation to aflatoxin and other risk factors, we assessed biospecimens collected in Nepalese children at 15, 24, and 36 months of age for aflatoxin exposure. Children (N = 85) enrolled in the Bhaktapur, Nepal MAL-ED study encompassed the cohort analysed in this study. Exposure was assessed through a plasma biomarker of aflatoxin exposure: the AFB1-lysine adduct...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212174/categorizing-and-assessing-negative-symptoms
#3
Paola Bucci, Silvana Galderisi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a review on studies published in the last year relevant to the categorization and assessment of negative symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research supported the validity of the 'deficit/non-deficit schizophrenia' categorization. Few studies confirmed the validity of the category 'persistent negative symptoms', whereas no recent study explored the validity of the category 'predominant negative symptoms'. The two-factor structure of the negative dimension is supported by studies reporting different correlates for the two subdomains: diminished expression and avolition/apathy...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211952/long-term-experience-with-first-generation-implantable-neurostimulation-device-in-central-sleep-apnea-treatment
#4
Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) are associated with shorter survival in patients with heart failure (HF). A novel treatment method for this patient group is unilateral phrenic nerve stimulation by the remedē® system, a transvenously implantable neurostimulation device, which has recently been studied in a large randomized, controlled trial. Previous literature has shown efficacy and safety of the treatment with this first-generation device, but hardly any data is available on long-term clinical parameters, the remedē® device's battery lifetime, device exchangeability, lead position stability, surgical accessibility and manageability...
February 17, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211838/work-satisfaction-burnout-and-gender-based-inequalities-among-ophthalmologists-in-india-a-survey
#5
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Pooja Jain, Aniruddha Agarwal, Vandana Jain
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology is a rapidly evolving branch of medicine and advancing technology has raised the bar of patient expectations and outcomes. However, studies that assess physician stress and satisfaction especially in developing countries are limited in literature. OBJECTIVE: This index study aims at looking at the levels of job satisfaction, burnout and perception of gender disparity among ophthalmologists in India. METHODS: An Internet-based survey was sent out to ophthalmologists...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211758/life-cycle-host-utilization-and-ecological-fitting-for-invasive-lancet-liver-fluke-dicrocoelium-dendriticum-emerging-in-southern-alberta-canada
#6
Bradley van Paridon, John S Gilleard, Douglas D Colwell, Cameron P Goater
The expansion of parasite distributions outside of their native host and geographical ranges has occurred repeatedly over evolutionary time. Contemporary examples include emerging infectious diseases (EID's), many of which pose threats to human, domestic animal, and wildlife populations. Theory predicts that parasites with complex life cycles will be rare as EID's due to constraints imposed by host specialization at each life-cycle stage. In contrast to predictions of this theory, we report 2 new intermediate hosts in the 3-host life cycle of the liver fluke Dicrocoelium dendriticum in Cypress Hills Provincial Park, Alberta, Canada...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211553/the-assessment-of-schizotypy-by-the-o-life-oxford-liverpool-inventory-for-feelings-and-experiences-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-affective-disorders
#7
Daria Dembińska-Krajewska, Janusz Rybakowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess schizotypy by using the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE), in the groups of patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (BD) and unipolar (recurrent) depression (UD). An important element of the study was to compare - in terms of similarity - the results obtained in schizophrenia and BD, and - in terms of differences - the results obtained in BD and UD. METHODS: The study involved 58 patients with schizophrenia (35 men, 23 women, mean age = 34...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211150/genomic-prediction-of-reproduction-traits-for-merino-sheep
#8
S Bolormaa, D J Brown, A A Swan, J H J van der Werf, B J Hayes, H D Daetwyler
Economically important reproduction traits in sheep, such as number of lambs weaned and litter size, are expressed only in females and later in life after most selection decisions are made, which makes them ideal candidates for genomic selection. Accurate genomic predictions would lead to greater genetic gain for these traits by enabling accurate selection of young rams with high genetic merit. The aim of this study was to design and evaluate the accuracy of a genomic prediction method for female reproduction in sheep using daughter trait deviations (DTD) for sires and ewe phenotypes (when individual ewes were genotyped) for three reproduction traits: number of lambs born (NLB), litter size (LSIZE) and number of lambs weaned...
February 17, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211119/cross-sectional-study-of-emergency-department-presentation-triage-categories-at-goondiwindi-hospital-and-their-effect-on-the-treatment-of-acute-emergencies
#9
Ashraf Saleh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the number and proportion of non-acute presentations to a district hospital emergency department in Goondiwindi, a rural Queensland town, both in the treatment of emergency cases and potential barriers patients have in seeing a medical practitioner in the general practice setting. DESIGN: Occasions of service to Goondiwindi Hospital were collated from administrative records according to Australasian Triage Scale categories and analysed by Student's t-test for monthly variations in triage category presentations...
February 17, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211036/unconscious-phantasy-as-a-structural-principle-and-organizer-of-mental-life-the-evolution-of-a-concept-from-freud-to-klein-and-some-of-her-successors
#10
Heinz Weiss
Starting with Freud's discovery of unconscious phantasy as a means of accessing his patients' internal world, the author discusses the evolution of the concept in the work of Melanie Klein and some of her successors. Whereas Freud sees phantasy as a wish fulfilling imagination, dominated by primary process functioning and kept apart from reality testing, Klein understands phantasies as a structural function and organizer of mental life. From their very beginnings they involve object relations and gradually evolve from primitive body-near experiences to images and symbolic representations...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#11
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210862/physical-activity-related-differences-in-body-mass-index-and-patient-reported-quality-of-life-in-socioculturally-diverse-endometrial-cancer-survivors
#12
Amerigo Rossi, Carol Ewing Garber, Gurpreet Kaur, Xiaonan Xue, Gary L Goldberg, Nicole S Nevadunsky
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe physical activity-related differences in body composition, quality of life, and behavioral variables among a socioculturally diverse sample of endometrial cancer survivors. METHODS: Ambulatory, English-speaking endometrial cancer survivors (6 months to 5 years post-treatment), who were residents of Bronx, NY, were recruited to complete questionnaires about physical activity (PA), quality of life (QoL), and psychosocial characteristics...
February 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210811/status-and-perception-of-oral-health-in-6-17-year-old-psychiatric-inpatients-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
I M Schüler, B Bock, R Heinrich-Weltzien, K Bekes, M Rudovsky, Ch Filz, C Ligges
AIM: The following are the aims of the study: assessment of oral health status, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and the effect of oral health care training over OHRQoL in children and adolescents hospitalized with mental disorders. METHODOLOGY: This randomized case controlled prospective interventional study involved 81 child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients (CAP) aged between 6 and 17 years (mean age 10.6 ± 2.4 years), compared to 81 mentally healthy patients attending routine dental examinations (DC group) matched according to age and sex of the CAP group...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210793/a-national-population-based-cohort-study-of-urethral-injection-therapy-for-female-stress-and-mixed-urinary-incontinence-the-danish-urogynaecological-database-2007-2011
#14
Margrethe Foss Hansen, Gunnar Lose, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel, Kim Oren Gradel
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urethral injection therapy (UIT) has been performed since the early 20th century and a variety of agents have been launched. In 2006, polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAGH) was introduced and is now widely used as an agent. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of PAGH based on a national population over a 5-year period (2007-2011) and the influence of patient-related factors, surgeon experience, and department volume. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out based on data from the Danish Urogynaecological Database (DugaBase)...
February 16, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210786/females-younger-patients-and-patients-with-high-bmi-have-the-highest-pre-operative-knee-awareness-measured-using-the-forgotten-joint-score
#15
Dana Li, A Troelsen, L Ingelsrud, H Husted, K Gromov
PURPOSE: The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) is a novel measurement for patients' awareness of their knee in daily life. By identifying factors that could explain pre-operative FJS levels, the clinician could better prioritize and single out patients who would benefit most from TKA. The aim of this study was to identify possible factors that may explain the variance of pre-operative FJS levels and evaluate the relationship between pre-operative FJS and pre-operative Oxford Knee Score (OKS)...
February 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210659/medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-femoral-tunnel-accuracy-relationship-to-disease-specific-quality-of-life
#16
Laurie A Hiemstra, Sarah Kerslake, Mark Lafave
BACKGROUND: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is a procedure aimed to reestablish the checkrein to lateral patellar translation in patients with symptomatic patellofemoral instability. Correct femoral tunnel position is thought to be crucial to successful MPFL reconstruction, but the accuracy of this statement in terms of patient outcomes has not been tested. PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of femoral tunnel placement in an MPFL reconstruction cohort and to determine the correlation between tunnel accuracy and a validated disease-specific, patient-reported quality-of-life outcome measure...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210554/preoperative-psychosocial-characteristics-may-predict-body-image-and-sexuality-two-years-after-risk-reducing-mastectomy-a-prospective-study
#17
Dmytro Unukovych, Hemming Johansson, Yvonne Brandberg
BACKGROUND: Risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) in patients at high risk has become more available and the rates of both bilateral (BRRM) and contralateral (CRRM) procedures are increasing. For women opting for RRM, psychosocial well-being, body image and sexuality are known to be important patient-reported outcomes. The aim of the present study was to investigate baseline health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and emotional distress (anxiety and depression) as predictors of body image and sexuality two years after RRM in women undergoing CRRM and BRRM...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#18
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210404/infraorbital-nerve-decompression-for-infraorbital-neuralgia-causalgia-following-blowout-orbital-fractures-a-case-series
#19
Bijan Beigi, Mazda Beigi, Nuwan Niyadurupola, Manuel Saldana, Nabil El-Hindy, Deepak Gupta
The purpose of this study was to present the management of a series of patients referred with infraorbital nerve paraesthesia that developed after insignificant orbital floor fracture without diplopia or exophthalmos, and that did not require initial surgical repair. This is a retrospective interventional case series. The main outcome and measures were assessment of preoperative symptoms including neuralgia and sensory symptoms; review of periorbital computed tomography (CT) scans; and assessment of postoperative effects of surgery for infraorbital nerve decompression...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210180/normal-values-of-intraocular-pressure-in-full-term-nigerian-newborns
#20
Victoria Ayodeji Olatunji, Dupe Ademola-Popoola, Feyi Grace Adepoju, Omotayo Olukemi Adesiyun
PURPOSE: To determine the normative range of intraocular pressure (IOP) in full-term newborns and possible association with birth parameters during the first week of life. METHODS: This was an observational cross sectional study in which IOP was measured in 1000 eyes of 500 normal full-term newborns using the Perkins applanation tonometer under topical anesthesia. An average of three readings was taken as the IOP value. The relationship between IOP and birth parameters was analyzed...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
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