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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679950/morbidity-and-mortality-following-total-hip-replacement-in-dogs
#1
William D Liska, Sarah K Israel
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to determine morbidity and mortality rates in dogs that had undergone a total hip replacement surgery with implantation of either a cemented or a cementless prosthesis (BioMedtrix LLC, Whippany, NJ). METHODS:  The survival time after surgery, the date of death and the cause of death were collated from an ongoing registry maintained on consecutive total hip replacement procedures by a single surgeon. RESULTS:  A review of the 1,864 dogs entered in the total hip replacement registry revealed 642 in which the date of death and cause of death were known...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679898/heart-rate-variability-alterations-in-late-life-depression-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Lydia Brown, Chandan Karmakar, Richard Gray, Ripu Jindal, Terrence Lim, Christina Bryant
OBJECTIVE: There is strong evidence for a bi-directional relationship between heart-health and depression in later life, but the physiological mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. Heart rate variability is one promising factor that might help explain this relationship. We present results of a meta-analysis that considers heart rate variability alterations in older adults with depression. METHODS: Literature search of Embase, PsychInfo and Medline revealed five clinical studies and six observational studies that examined the relationship between heart rate variability and depression in adults with a mean age over 60...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679829/fulfilling-spawning-flow-requirements-for-potamodromous-cyprinids-in-a-restored-river-segment
#3
Isabel Boavida, Joaquim B Jesus, Vítor Pereira, Cátia Santos, Marisa Lopes, Rui M V Cortes
The Baixo Sabor hydroelectric scheme was recently constructed (began operating in 2015), blocking fish migration immediately at the river mouth. As a compensation measure for spawning habitat loss the Vilariça River which confluences with Sabor River, immediately downstream from the Baixo Sabor scheme, was chosen for rehabilitation site as an attempt to replace the spawning grounds lost in Sabor River for the potamodromous cyprinid Iberian barbel (Luciobarbus bocagei). Restoration activities included: placement of submerged weirs with fish ramps to increase the lotic/lentic sequence, bank reinforcement, boulder placement and river water profile increase...
April 18, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679708/the-impact-of-polymers-on-3d-microstructure-and-controlled-release-of-sildenafil-citrate-from-hydrophilic-matrices
#4
Anna Krupa, Zbisław Tabor, Jacek Tarasiuk, Beata Strach, Krzysztof Pociecha, Elżbieta Wyska, Sebastian Wroński, Ewelina Łyszczarz, Renata Jachowicz
Sildenafil citrate has short biological half-life in humans. Thus, matrix tablets of controlled release were designed and prepared by compaction on the basis of hydrophilic polymers, i.e. HPMC, sodium alginate, carbomer, poloxamer and their mixtures. The impact of these polymers on sildenafil release in vitro and its pharmacokinetics in vivo was evaluated. Since drug release rate from hydrophilic matrices can be govern by the porosity of the matrix, the microstructure of tablets was studied using X-ray microcomputed tomography...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679459/exploring-the-meaning-of-home-and-its-implications-for-the-care-of-older-people
#5
Michele Board, Brendan McCormack
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the meaning of home for six baby boomers and consider how this insight can be used when caring for older people in hospital or residential settings. BACKGROUND: Feeling at home is important to help retain a sense of autonomy, security and well-being, but home is a complex concept to understand. The baby boomers are a large cohort entering later life and understanding their sense of home is not only an example of anticipatory gerontology but it could also provide the tools to explore home with the current older population, who may be in a variety of care settings...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679397/development-of-tools-to-measure-dignity-for-older-people-in-acute-hospitals
#6
Marcelle Tauber-Gilmore, Christine Norton, Sue Procter, Trevor Murrells, Gulen Addis, Lesley Baillie, Pauline Velasco, Preet Athwal, Saeema Kayani, Zainab Zahran
BACKGROUND: Dignity is a concept that applies to all patients. Older patients can be particularly vulnerable to experiencing a loss of dignity in hospital. Previous tools developed to measure dignity have been aimed at palliative and end of life care. No tools for measuring dignity in acute hospital care have been reported. OBJECTIVES: To develop tools for measuring patient dignity in acute hospitals. SETTING: A large UK acute hospital. We purposively selected 17 wards where at least 50% of patients are 65 or over...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679216/hospital-based-psychosocial-support-program-for-children-with-all-and-their-families-a-comprehensive-triad-s-perspective
#7
Tanuja Kaushal, Sujata Satapathy, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Sameer Bakhshi, Rajesh Sagar, Savita Sapra
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate potential target areas of intervention and mechanisms for implementation of intervention for children with cancer during the treatment phase. METHODS: Focused group discussion (FGDs) served as a primary source of providing phenomenal perspectives to explore the key objective. Eight focus groups of 45-60 min each were held with 5-9 members in each discussion. The participants were either patients, their caregivers or health care providers...
April 21, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679187/growth-a-journey-from-experience-to-higher-perception-among-iranian-muslim-cpr-survivors
#8
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Masoud Rayyani, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Several studies have been conducted among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survivors. Some studies have shown that positive and negative experiences coexist. Emotional distress and psychopathology in CPR survivors are related to the urgent need to make growth. Understanding the meaning of CPR survivors' lived experiences of growth may facilitate their growth. The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of CPR survivor's lived experiences of growth in southeast Iran. A qualitative design using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used in 12 CPR survivors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678982/purpose-in-life-and-tobacco-use-among-community-dwelling-mothers-of-early-adolescents
#9
Yuko Morimoto, Syudo Yamasaki, Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinya Fujikawa, Sho Kanata, Kaori Endo, Miharu Nakanishi, Stephani L Hatch, Marcus Richards, Kiyoto Kasai, Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVES: The rising prevalence of tobacco use and tobacco-attributable deaths among women is of worldwide concern. In particular, smoking prevention for mothers in early midlife is a significant international public health goal. A higher sense of purpose in life (PIL) is thought to reduce detrimental health behaviours. However, little is known about the association between a sense of PIL and tobacco use. This study investigates this association among community-dwelling mothers of early adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678962/open-label-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-a-brief-letter-from-a-gp-on-unscheduled-medical-contacts-associated-with-the-start-of-the-school-year-the-pleasant-trial
#10
Steven A Julious, Michelle J Horspool, Sarah Davis, Matthew Franklin, W Henry Smithson, Paul Norman, Rebecca M Simpson, Heather Elphick, Oscar Bortolami, Cindy Cooper
BACKGROUND: Asthma is seasonal with peaks in exacerbation rates in school-age children associated with the return to school following the summer vacation. A drop in prescription collection in August is associated with an increase in the number of unscheduled contacts after the school return. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a public health intervention delivered in general practice reduced unscheduled medical contacts in children with asthma. DESIGN: Cluster randomised trial with trial-based economic evaluation...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678900/prevention-of-exacerbations-in-patients-with-stable-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-therapies
#11
Abd Moain Abu Dabrh, Adam T Hill, Claudia C Dobler, Noor Asi, Wigdan H Farah, Qusay Haydour, Zhen Wang, Khalid Benkhadra, Larry J Prokop, Mohammad Hassan Murad
BACKGROUND: Several pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies are used to treat stable bronchiectasis of non-cystic fibrosis (CF) aetiology. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the evidence of the effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options in patients with stable non-CF bronchiectasis with a focus on reducing exacerbations. STUDY SELECTION: Multiple databases were searched through September 2017...
April 20, 2018: BMJ evidence-based medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678865/economic-evaluation-of-quality-improvement-interventions-designed-to-improve-glycemic-control-in-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-weighted-regression-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Teryl K Nuckols, Emmett Keeler, Laura J Anderson, Jonas Green, Sally C Morton, Brian J Doyle, Kanaka Shetty, Aziza Arifkhanova, Marika Booth, Roberta Shanman, Paul Shekelle
OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement (QI) interventions can improve glycemic control, but little is known about their value. We systematically reviewed economic evaluations of QI interventions for glycemic control among adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used English-language studies from high-income countries that evaluated organizational changes and reported program and utilization-related costs, chosen from PubMed, EconLit, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, New York Academy of Medicine's Grey Literature Report, and WorldCat (January 2004 to August 2016)...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678697/intra-cranial-cryptococcoma-clinicopathological-correlation-and-surgical-outcome-a-single-institute-experience
#13
Alok Uppar, A R Prabhu Raj, Subhas Konar, Sandeep K, Dhaval Shukla, Sampath Somanna, B Indira Devi, Yasha C, Nagarathna Chandrashekar
OBJECTIVE: The present case series describes the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with intra cranialcryptococcoma(ICC), the clinic-pathological correlation and the outcomes following surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data were collected from hospital case records and pathological confirmation was done by a neuropathologist. Clinical details, imaging features, and treatment modalities were studied and were correlated with outcomes based on regular follow up...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678409/phototherapy-for-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-and-childhood-eczema-rhinitis-and-wheeze
#14
Elizabeth Huiwen Tham, Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Fabian Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Hugo Van Bever, Bee Wah Lee, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of allergic diseases in childhood may be attributed to influences of early environmental stimuli on fetal and neonatal immune regulation. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is common in the Asian population and up to 20% of infants require phototherapy. We examined the hypothesis that phototherapy for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia modulates the infant's risk of developing eczema, rhinitis and wheeze in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort...
March 24, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678323/weren-t-asked-didn-t-tell-prevalence-of-communication-of-suicidal-ideation-in-suicide-decedents-during-the-last-year-of-life
#15
Tanner J Bommersbach, Megan M Chock, Jennifer L Geske, J Michael Bostwick
OBJECTIVE: To explore what percentage of suicide decedents (SDs) vs controls were assessed for suicidality at medical appointments in the year before death. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, 66 SDs dying in Olmsted County, Minnesota, between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2009, were identified and matched with 141 age- and sex-matched controls. Blinded chart review determined how often providers screened and subjects endorsed suicidal ideation (SI)...
April 17, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678224/evaluation-of-the-mucosal-inflammatory-responses-to-equine-cyathostomins-in-response-to-anthelmintic-treatment
#16
A E Steuer, A T Loynachan, M K Nielsen
Members of Cyathostominae are pervasive parasites of equids that can cause larval cyathostominosis, a potentially life-threatening disease that occurs when a multitude of encysted larvae synchronously excyst from the wall of the large intestine. Moxidectin and fenbendazole are the two current labeled drugs that target the encysted larval stages; however, there is limited knowledge of the local inflammatory response to the larvae and to the two treatments in clinically healthy horses. This study is the first to evaluate the local inflammatory response to cyathostomin larvae and to larvicidal treatment at 2 and 5 weeks post treatment...
May 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678202/using-ryff-s-scales-of-psychological-well-being-in-adolescents-in-mainland-china
#17
Jie Gao, Ros McLellan
BACKGROUND: Psychological well-being in adolescence has always been a focus of public attention and academic research. Ryff's six-factor model of psychological well-being potentially provides a comprehensive theoretical framework for investigating positive functioning of adolescents. However, previous studies reported inconsistent findings of the reliability and validity of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-being (SPWB). The present study aimed to explore whether Ryff's six-factor model of psychological well-being could be applied in Chinese adolescents...
April 20, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678173/the-japan-hospice-and-palliative-evaluation-study-4-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#18
Kento Masukawa, Maho Aoyama, Tatsuya Morita, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
BACKGROUND: Constant evaluation is important for maintaining and improving the quality of end-of-life care. We therefore conduct the fourth Japan Hospice and Palliative Evaluation Study (J-HOPE4) as a continuous evaluation study. In this present paper, we describe the design of J-HOPE4. The main purposes of J-HOPE4 are as follows:1) to evaluate the processes, structures, and outcomes of palliative care acute hospitals, palliative care units, and home hospice services; 2) to examine bereaved family members' self-reported psychosocial conditions, such as grief and depression as bereavement outcomes;3) to provide data to ensure and improve the quality of care provided by participating institutions via feedback based on the results from each institution; and 4) provide clinical and academic information concerning the implications of various issues in palliative care by conducting additional studies...
April 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678168/self-competence-in-death-work-among-health-and-social-care-workers-a-region-wide-survey-in-hong-kong
#19
Johnny T K Cheung, Doreen W H Au, Wallace C H Chan, Jenny H Y Chan, Kenway Ng, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: According to the Quality of Death Index, Hong Kong is lagging behind many other Western and Asian countries in the category of palliative and healthcare. To ensure the provision of high-quality palliative care, it is important to explore the self-competence of health and social care workers in coping with death work including palliative care. This region-wide study aims to assess the level of self-competence with a validated Self-Competence in Death Work Scale (SC-DWS) and examine its correlates...
April 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678136/decreased-quality-of-life-and-societal-impact-of-cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndrome-treated-with-canakinumab-a-questionnaire-based-cohort-study
#20
Catharina M Mulders-Manders, Tim A Kanters, Paul L A van Daele, Esther Hoppenreijs, G Elizabeth Legger, Jan A M van Laar, Anna Simon, Leona Hakkaart-van Roijen
BACKGROUND: Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is a rare disease. Knowledge on the quality of life (QoL) and the disease's societal impact is limited. Canakinumab is used in increasing frequency for the treatment of CAPS. METHODS: Observational study in Dutch CAPS patients. Patients completed questionnaires regarding treatment with canakinumab at baseline and retrospectively. Quality of life was assessed using the EQ-5D-5L in adults and CHQ-PF50 in children...
April 20, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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