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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812611/divergent-demographic-strategies-of-plants-in-variable-environments
#1
Jenni L McDonald, Miguel Franco, Stuart Townley, Thomas H G Ezard, Kim Jelbert, Dave J Hodgson
One of the best-supported patterns in life history evolution is that organisms cope with environmental fluctuations by buffering their most important vital rates against them. This demographic buffering hypothesis is evidenced by a tendency for temporal variation in rates of survival and reproduction to correlate negatively with their contribution to fitness. Here, we show that widespread evidence for demographic buffering can be artefactual, resulting from natural relationships between the mean and variance of vital rates...
January 13, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812455/prognostic-factors-for-change-in-self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-in-spondyloarthritis-patients-data-from-the-population-based-spascania-cohort-from-southern-sweden
#2
Jjl Meesters, S Bergman, E Haglund, Lth Jacobsson, I F Petersson, A Bremander
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety and depression symptoms are more common in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) than in the general population. This study describes prognostic factors for change in self-reported anxiety and depression over 2 years in a well-defined SpA cohort. METHOD: In 2009, 3716 adult patients from the SpAScania cohort received a postal questionnaire to assess quality of life (QoL) and physical and mental functioning. A follow-up survey was performed in 2011...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#3
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812280/effect-of-missing-inter-beat-interval-data-on-heart-rate-variability-analysis-using-wrist-worn-wearables
#4
Hyun Jae Baek, JaeWook Shin
Most of the wrist-worn devices on the market provide a continuous heart rate measurement function using photoplethysmography, but have not yet provided a function to measure the continuous heart rate variability (HRV) using beat-to-beat pulse interval. The reason for such is the difficulty of measuring a continuous pulse interval during movement using a wearable device because of the nature of photoplethysmography, which is susceptible to motion noise. This study investigated the effect of missing heart beat interval data on the HRV analysis in cases where pulse interval cannot be measured because of movement noise...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812209/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-chronic-widespread-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Wai Chung Yong, Anawin Sanguankeo, Sikarin Upala
Chronic non-specific widespread pain (CWP) including fibromyalgia (FMS) is characterized by widespread pain, reduced pain threshold, and multiple tender points on examination, causing disability and decreased quality of life. Vitamin D has been proposed as an associated factor in CWP. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the benefit of vitamin D supplementation in the management of CWP. A comprehensive search of the CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase databases was performed from inception through January 2017. The inclusion criterion was the randomized clinical trials' evaluating the effects of vitamin D treatment in adult subjects with CWP or FMS...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811936/real-life-management-of-patients-with-retinal-vein-occlusion-using-i-macula-web-platform
#6
Massimo Nicolò, Monica Bonetto, Raffaella Rosa, Donatella Musetti, Maria Musolino, Carlo Enrico Traverso, Mauro Giacomini
AIM: Real-life evaluation in the management of patients affected by macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational study using the I-Macula Web platform. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients (37 eyes; 15 females and 20 male) affected by RVO were analysed. At 12 months, there was a statistically significant improvement of best-corrected visual acuity (p = 0.0235) and central macular thickness (p < 0...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811927/premature-deaths-among-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-after-discharge-from-long-term-hospitalisation-in-japan-a-naturalistic-observation-during-a-24-year-period
#7
Shinsuke Kondo, Yousuke Kumakura, Akiko Kanehara, Daisuke Nagato, Taro Ueda, Tsuneo Matsuoka, Yukiko Tao, Kiyoto Kasai
BACKGROUND: Premature death in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) in countries without nationally collected data, including Japan, is structurally underreported. AIMS: To elucidate excess mortality among individuals with SMI in Japan. METHOD: We retrospectively investigated all deaths among users of a non-clinical community-based mental health service provider in suburban Tokyo from 1992 to 2015. RESULTS: During the study period, 45 individuals died among 254 qualified registrants...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811190/how-to-quench-your-thirst-the-effect-of-water-based-products-varying-in-temperature-and-texture-flavour-and-sugar-content-on-thirst
#8
L van Belzen, E M Postma, S Boesveldt
The sensation of thirst plays an important role in the consumption of water or other fluids to rehydrate the body in order to keep bodily functions working properly. An increase in saliva secretion, wetting the mouth by ingestion of liquids, and cooling and sour components in products can alleviate this sensation already before absorption of fluids by the body. This study aimed to investigate the thirst-quenching ability of water-based products differing in temperature and texture (cold solids and cool liquids), flavour (flavoured and non-flavoured) and sugar content in two consecutive experiments...
August 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811177/prospective-associations-between-peer-teasing-in-childhood-and-young-men-s-obesity
#9
David C R Kerr, Gianluca Gini
OBJECTIVE: Being teased and otherwise victimised by peers during childhood increases risk for obesity. However, few prospective studies have considered whether risk extends to adulthood. We tested whether being teased in childhood predicted higher body mass index (BMI) and increased odds of obesity in early adulthood in a community sample of American males. METHOD: Boys (n=206) were classified as victims of peer teasing or non-victims (n=55 and 151, respectively) based on mother, father, and teacher reports at ages 10-12 years...
August 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810904/antiarrhythmic-drug-therapy-among-patients-presenting-to-emergency-department-with-symptomatic-atrial-fibrillation-a-prospective-nationwide-cohort
#10
Tero Penttilä, Heikki Mäkynen, Juha Hartikainen, Harri Hyppölä, Timo Lauri, Mika Lehto, Juha Lund, M J Pekka Raatikainen
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that causes numerous visits to emergency departments (ED). The aim of the FinFib2 study was to evaluate whether treatment of patients with AF in ED is consistent with the contemporary European Society of Cardiology (ESC) management guidelines. Here we report the results of antiarrhythmic drug therapy (AAD) in ED. METHODS: All patients within the two-week study period whose primary reason for the ED visit was symptomatic AF were included into this prospective multicentre study...
August 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810503/two-is-a-perfect-number-patient-doctor-relationship-and-patient-attachment-style-in-palliative-care
#11
Iwona Zaporowska-Stachowiak, Katarzyna Stachowiak, Katarzyna Stachnik
We tested the association between the palliative patient's attachment style and the patient-doctor relationship, by means of Revised Adult Attachment Scale and a self-designed, patient-doctor relationship questionnaire. The study included 110 (52 M, 58 F) cancer, hospice patients, aged 36-80 years. We observed 54 percent of secure, 18 percent of dismissive, 9 percent of preoccupied, and 19 percent of fearful styles. Securely attached patients developed significantly ( p < .05) better relationships with doctors than insecure patients...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810438/patients-with-limited-communication-in-end-of-life-situations-initial-psychometric-properties-of-a-discomfort-observation-scale
#12
Ana Lucila Soto-Rubio, José Manuel Tomás Miguel, Marián Pérez-Marín, Pilar Barreto Martín
This work presents an observational scale which takes into account different observable indicators of discomfort of patients in end-of-life situations with difficulties in communicating due to cognitive impairment, fatigue or sedation and provides details of its validation. In all, 71 adults participated. Model fit was adequate ( χ(2)(27) = 43.28, p = .024, comparative fit index = .975, root mean square error of approximation = .092 and confidence interval 90% (.033-.140)). Alpha coefficient was ...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810436/employment-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-meta-analytic-review-of-psychological-correlates
#13
Diana S Dorstyn, Rachel M Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Rebecca Haub
The association between employment and psychological health in adults with multiple sclerosis was examined ( N = 33 studies). Standardised mean differences (Hedges' g) between those employed and those not in the workforce were calculated. Employed peers reported significantly greater quality of life and mood, cited fewer work and multiple sclerosis-related difficulties and were more likely to adopt problem-focused coping strategies, considered to be more effective in managing specific stressors. These data are consistent with the positive by-products of maintaining work with multiple sclerosis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810417/outdoor-group-activity-depression-and-subjective-well-being-among-retirees-of-china-the-mediating-role-of-meaning-in-life
#14
Zhen Zhang
This study examined the effect of outdoor group activity on mental health and the potential mediating effect of meaning in life. Participants were 559 retired people. A self-developed questionnaire measured outdoor group activity; the Meaning in Life Scale, the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale, and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression assessed meaning in life, subjective well-being, and depression, respectively. Results indicated outdoor group activity significantly predicted subjective well-being and depression; meaning in life fully mediated the relationship between outdoor group activity and subjective well-being and partially mediated the relationship between outdoor group activity and depression...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809995/efficacy-and-safety-of-apremilast-in-patients-with-moderate-plaque-psoriasis-with-lower-bsa-week-16-results-from-the-unveil-study
#15
Bruce Strober, Jerry Bagel, Mark Lebwohl, Linda Stein Gold, J Mark Jackson, Rongdean Chen, Joana Goncalves, Eugenia Levi, Kristina Callis Duffin
<p>INTRODUCTION: Many options are available for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Patients with moderate disease, however, are often undertreated and do not achieve satisfactory clearance. UNVEIL (NCT02425826) assessed efficacy and safety of apremilast in patients with chronic moderate plaque psoriasis.</p> <p>METHODS: Patients with psoriasis body surface area (BSA) 5% to 10% and static Physician's Global Assessment (sPGA) score of 3 (moderate) without prior exposure to systemics were randomized (2:1) to apremilast 30 mg twice daily or placebo for 16 weeks...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809939/a-cross-sectional-study-comparing-lateral-and-diagonal-maximum-weight-shift-in-people-with-stroke-and-healthy-controls-and-the-correlation-with-balance-gait-and-fear-of-falling
#16
Margaretha M van Dijk, Sarah Meyer, Solveig Sandstad, Evelyne Wiskerke, Rhea Thuwis, Chesny Vandekerckhove, Charlotte Myny, Nitesh Ghosh, Hilde Beyens, Eddy Dejaeger, Geert Verheyden
Impaired balance is common post stroke and can be assessed by means of force-platforms measuring center of pressure (COP) displacements during static standing, or more dynamically during lateral maximum weight shift (MWS). However, activities of daily life also include diagonal MWS and since force platforms are nowadays commercially available, investigating lateral and diagonal MWS in a clinical setting might be feasible and clinically relevant. We investigated lateral and diagonal MWS while standing in patients with stroke (PwS) and healthy controls (HC), evaluated MWS towards the affected and the non-affected side for PwS and correlated MWS with measures of balance, gait and fear of falling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809752/association-of-obesity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#17
Silva Hovsepian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Aryan Madady, Morteza Mansourian, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the role of different ethnical, cultural and geographical factors in health related quality of life (HRQOL) as well as the perception of different populations regarding various weight disorders, we aimed to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQOL in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the Weight Disorders Survey of the CASPIAN-IV study. During this study, students aged 6-18 years from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran were selected...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809640/-treatment-of-displaced-patellar-fractures-with-multiple-circular-cerclage
#18
Z Tříska, J Urban, P Látal, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study aims to conduct a mid-term evaluation of results of the treatment of patellar fractures with multiple circular cerclage. MATERIAL AND METHODS The retrospective clinical study with its own group of patients who underwent surgery in our centre in the period from 2008 to 2014. The study included a total of 29 patients with displaced patellar fractures treated with multiple circular cerclage. The available radiographic documentation was assessed and the quality of perioperative reposition, fracture healing, loss of reposition and potential failure of osteosynthesis material was considered...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809624/spinal-orthoses-the-crucial-role-of-comfort-on-compliance-of-wearing-monocentric-prospective-pilot-study-of-randomized-cross-over-design
#19
G W Herget, S Patermann, P C Strohm, J Zwingmann, P Eichelberger, N P Südkamp, A Hirschmüller
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Various spine disorders are regularly treated by orthoses, and success of treatment depends on wearing these devices. In this study we examined the compliance, wear comfort, subjective stabilization and side effects associated with spinal orthoses using an individualized questionnaire and the Compact Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12). MATERIAL AND METHODS In this prospective pilot study of randomized cross-over design, twelve healthy volunteers with a mean age of 31.2 years wore three different types of orthoses, each for one week: A hyperextension brace (HB), a custom-made semirigid orthosis (SO) and a custom-made rigid orthosis (RO)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809389/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-telephone-based-support-for-the-management-of-pressure-ulcers-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-india-and-bangladesh
#20
M Arora, L A Harvey, J V Glinsky, H S Chhabra, M S Hossain, N Arumugam, P K Bedi, I D Cameron, A J Hayes
OBJECTIVE: To determine from a societal perspective the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of telephone-based support for management of pressure ulcers. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis of a randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary centre in India and Bangladesh. METHODS: An economic evaluation was conducted alongside a randomised clinical trial comparing 12 weeks of telephone-based support (intervention group) with usual care (control group)...
August 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
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