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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314420/sport-injuries-of-the-ear-and-temporal-bone
#1
REVIEW
L Mariel Osetinsky, Grant S Hamilton, Matthew L Carlson
In cases of head trauma, the ear should be evaluated in all of its components. A good understanding of otologic and skull base anatomy enables a thorough trauma assessment of this complex anatomic region. Auricular laceration, abrasion, avulsion, hematoma, frostbite, otitis externa, exostosis, tympanic membrane perforation, ossicular discontinuity, perilymphatic fistula, labyrinthine concussion, temporal bone fracture, facial nerve paresis, and sensorineural hearing loss are a few of the more common otologic injuries seen in active patients...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276991/evaluation-of-common-elbow-pathologies-a-focus-on-physical-examination
#2
Joseph Laratta, Jon-Michael Caldwell, Joseph Lombardi, William Levine, Christopher Ahmad
Elbow tendinopathy accounts for the majority of elbow pathology in patients presenting to upper extremity and sports medicine surgeons. With increased participation in overhead sports in an aging population, the incidence of elbow injuries has risen. A comprehensive knowledge of elbow anatomy and biomechanical function of the elbow complex is prerequisite in the assessment of patients with elbow injuries; however, a thorough understanding of alternative and confounding pathologies is essential for accurate diagnosis...
February 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185123/phalanx-fractures-and-dislocations-in-athletes
#3
REVIEW
Franklin Chen, David M Kalainov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Phalangeal fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations in the hand are common injuries. We review the current literature on the diagnosis and treatment of these injuries in the athlete. An understanding of the anatomy and its relationship to the mechanism of injury may help to direct appropriate management. Return to play remains an important concern to the patient-athlete. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings from recently published articles reinforce previously established treatment methods in the management of finger phalangeal fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154888/permanent-knee-sensorimotor-system-changes-following-acl-injury-and-surgery
#4
John Nyland, Collin Gamble, Tiffany Franklin, David N M Caborn
The cruciate ligaments are components of the knee capsuloligamentous system providing vital neurosensory and biomechanical function. Since most historical primary ACL repair attempts were unsuccessful, reconstruction has become the preferred surgery. However, an increased understanding of the efficacy of lesion-site scaffolding, innovative suturing methods and materials, and evolving use of biological healing mediators such as platelet-rich plasma and stem cells has prompted reconsideration of what was once believed to be impossible...
February 2, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125914/sports-injuries-to-the-latissimus-dorsi-and-teres-major
#5
Benjamin F Donohue, Marc G Lubitz, Timothy E Kremchek
Injuries to the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscles, while rare, are debilitating. They are seen in a variety of sports, although disproportionately in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers. There have been 25 case reports and 2 case series published on the nonoperative and operative management of these injuries. Latissimus dorsi and teres major muscle anatomy, function, and common injury patterns are well described in these case reports. Also well detailed are the typical patient presentation, physical examination, and imaging findings...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067737/facial-trauma-in-sports
#6
James Leinhart, James Toldi, Matthew Tennison
Injuries resulting from facial trauma are common in all sports. Athlete-to-athlete contact, falls, and blows from equipment account for the majority of these events. Appropriate knowledge of basic science, relevant anatomy, and clinical skills is required to provide the correct medical care. While true medical emergencies are infrequent, a prompt accurate diagnosis is essential in developing targeted management and return to play options.
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066740/microinstability-of-the-hip-a-previously-unrecognized-pathology
#7
Ioanna Bolia, Jorge Chahla, Renato Locks, Karen Briggs, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: Hip microinstability is an established diagnosis; however, its occurrence is still debated by many physicians. Diagnosis of hip microinstability is often challenging, due to a lack of specific signs or symptoms, and patients may remain undiagnosed for long periods. This may lead to early manifestation of degenerative joint disease. Consequently, careful patient and family history must be obtained and diagnostic imaging should follow. After a thorough clinical evaluation of the patient with suspected hip microinstability, the physician should focus on how to improve symptoms and functionality in daily and sports activities...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051829/apophyseal-and-epiphyseal-knee-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#8
P Persiani, F M Ranaldi, A Formica, M Mariani, O Mazza, M Crostelli, C Villani
OBJECTIVES: In the context of pediatric sports injuries, the epiphyseal and apophyseal knee fractures represent rather peculiar lesions. The most frequently involved anatomical area is the knee. The peculiar function of the physis and the need to preserve their integrity, makes choosing what treatment methods to employ very important. Objective of this study is to assess the kind and the effectiveness of the most suitable treatment in the apophyseal and epiphyseal knee lesions occurring in the adolescents...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050573/relationship-between-the-middle-genicular-artery-and-the-posterior-structures-of-the-knee-a-cadaveric-study
#9
Rogério Teixeira de Carvalho, Leonardo Addêo Ramos, João Victor Novaretti, Leandro Masini Ribeiro, Paulo Roberto de Queiroz Szeles, Sheila Jean McNeill Ingham, Rene Jorge Abdalla
BACKGROUND: The middle genicular artery (MGA) is responsible for the blood supply to the cruciate ligaments and synovial tissue. Traumatic sports injuries and surgical procedures (open and arthroscopic) can cause vascular damage. Little attention has been devoted to establish safe parameters for the MGA. PURPOSE: To investigate the anatomy of the MGA and its relation to the posterior structures of the knees, mainly the posterior capsule and femoral condyles, and to establish safe parameters to avoid harming the MGA...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040320/semimembranosus-tenosynovitis-diagnosis-and-management-of-a-commonly-missed-cause-of-posteromedial-knee-pain
#10
Joel K Melton, Arman Memarzadeh, William H Dunbar, Mervyn J Cross
BACKGROUND: In orthopedic and sports medicine literature there is minimal information regarding accurate diagnosis and the treatment options for tenosynovitis of the distal semimembranosus tendon. After reviewing the literature, the authors question both the etiology and treatment of this condition. Previous descriptions have associated the condition primarily with the endurance athlete but we have noted multiple cases in which this is a condition common to the 'sprinter' as well. There has been very little mention of this condition in recent literature but the most recent complete description of operative treatment for this condition recommends both tendon transfer and concomitant arthroscopy...
December 28, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002644/a-novel-phased-concept-course-for-the-delivery-of-anatomy-and-orthopedics-training-in-medical-education
#11
Stefan Klima, Pierre Hepp, Sabine Löffler, Jon Cornwall, Niels Hammer
Integration of anatomy and clinical teaching is a theoretical ideal, yet there is a worldwide paucity of such amalgamation. These teaching models provide support for medical trainees, an important element in Germany where orthopedic intern numbers have declined and anecdotal evidence suggests disinterest in orthopedics. The aim of the study was to develop an integrated anatomy-surgical course for undergraduate medical training, assess the model developed, and explore how medical students perceive orthopedics as a career...
December 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904789/current-concepts-in-the-treatment-of-patellar-tendinopathy
#12
Mark F Reinking
Patellar tendon pain is a significant problem in athletes who participate in jumping and running sports and can interfere with athletic participation. This clinical commentary reviews patellar tendon anatomy and histopathology, the language used to describe patellar tendon pathology, risk factors for patellar tendinopathy and common interventions used to address patellar tendon pain. Evidence is presented to guide clinicians in their decision-making regarding the treatment of athletes with patellar tendon pain...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904787/biomechanics-and-pathomechanics-of-the-patellofemoral-joint
#13
Janice K Loudon
The patellofemoral joint is a joint that can be an area of concern for athletes of various sports and ages. The joint is somewhat complex with multiple contact points and numerous tissues that attach to the patella. Joint forces are variable and depend on the degree of knee flexion and whether the foot is in contact with the ground. The sports medicine specialist must have a good working knowledge of the anatomy and biomechanics of the patellofemoral joint in order to treat it effectively.
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899721/lisfranc-injuries-in-the-athlete
#14
REVIEW
John S Lewis, Robert B Anderson
Lisfranc injuries to the tarsometatarsal complex of the midfoot have become increasingly recognized in the athletic population. Regardless of mechanism, any injury that results in instability in the midfoot requires operative stabilization to preserve function and enable return to sport. In this manuscript, the anatomy, etiology, prevalence, current treatment modalities, and clinical outcomes of patients who suffer Lisfranc injuries are reviewed, with a special focus on the unique characteristics surrounding such an injury in an athlete...
December 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888844/mr-imaging-of-the-plantar-plate-normal-anatomy-turf-toe-and-other-injuries
#15
REVIEW
Caio Nery, Daniel Baumfeld, Hilary Umans, André F Yamada
The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint complex is a weight-bearing structure important to the biomechanics of the standing position, walking, shoe wearing, and sport participation. Acute dorsiflexion injury of the first MTP joint, "turf toe," is common among American football and soccer players. The first and lesser MTP joint complexes can be affected by degenerative or inflammatory arthritis, infarct, and infection. These conditions can lead to plantar plate disruption. Imaging studies help physicians to properly diagnose and treat this condition...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886829/finger-injuries-in-ball-sports
#16
REVIEW
David T Netscher, Dang T Pham, Kimberly Goldie Staines
Finger injuries are common in athletes playing in professional ball sports. Understanding the intricate anatomy of the digit is necessary to properly diagnose and manage finger injuries. Unrecognized or poorly managed finger injuries can lead to chronic deformities that can affect an athlete's performance. Multiple factors and treatment options should be considered to provide the best functional outcome and rapid return to play for an athlete. This article discusses the mechanism of injury, diagnosis, treatment, and return-to-play recommendations for common finger injuries in ball sports...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871661/single-bundle-anatomic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-surgical-technique-pearls-and-pitfalls
#17
REVIEW
Chaitu S Malempati, Adam V Metzler, Darren L Johnson
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures are some of the most common sports-related injuries. Treatment of these injuries with ACL reconstruction has evolved over the last several decades. Anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction offers an accurate and reproducible method to reproduce native knee anatomy, restore knee kinematics, and ultimately restore function and decrease long-term degenerative effects. The importance of adequate arthroscopic visualization and a thorough understanding of the native anatomic ACL landmarks are discussed in this article...
January 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871655/surgical-indications-and-technique-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-combined-with-lateral-extra-articular-tenodesis-or-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction
#18
REVIEW
Bart Vundelinckx, Benjamin Herman, Alan Getgood, Robert Litchfield
After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, anteroposterior and rotational laxity in the knee causes instability, functional symptoms, and damage to other intra-articular structures. Surgical reconstruction aims to restore the stability in the knee, and to improve function and ability to participate in sports. It also protects cartilage and menisci from secondary injuries. Because of persistent rotational instability after ACL reconstruction, combined intra-articular and extra-articular procedures are more commonly performed...
January 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799568/patient-throughput-in-a-sports-medicine-clinic-with-the-implementation-of-an-athletic-trainer-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Timothy S Nicolello, Forrest Q Pecha, Reed L Omdal, Kurt J Nilsson, Alejandro A Homaechevarria
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic clinics have acquired a multitude of health professionals to improve clinic efficiency. More recently, athletic trainers (ATs) have been utilized to improve clinical efficiency and patient care because of their extensive background in musculoskeletal injuries and anatomy. Improved clinical efficiency allows for increased patient visits, potentially enhancing patient access and downstream revenue via relative value units (RVUs). HYPOTHESIS: The addition of an AT into a sports medicine physician's clinic will increase total patient throughput and overall RVU production...
October 31, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726754/imaging-of-sports-related-injuries-of-the-lower-extremity-in-pediatric-patients
#20
M Cody O'Dell, Diego Jaramillo, Laura Bancroft, Laura Varich, Gregory Logsdon, Sabah Servaes
With increasing participation and intensity of training in youth sports in the United States, the incidence of sports-related injuries is increasing, and the types of injuries are shifting. In this article, the authors review sports injuries of the lower extremity, including both acute and overuse injuries, that are common in or specific to the pediatric population. Common traumatic injuries that occur in individuals of all ages (eg, tears of the acetabular labrum and anterior cruciate ligament) are not addressed, although these occur routinely in pediatric sports...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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