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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904789/current-concepts-in-the-treatment-of-patellar-tendinopathy
#1
Mark F Reinking
: Patellar tendon pain is a significant problem in athletes who participate in jumping and running sports and can interfere with athletic participation. This clinical commentary reviews patellar tendon anatomy and histopathology, the language used to describe patellar tendon pathology, risk factors for patellar tendinopathy and common interventions used to address patellar tendon pain. Evidence is presented to guide clinicians in their decision-making regarding the treatment of athletes with patellar tendon pain...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904787/biomechanics-and-pathomechanics-of-the-patellofemoral-joint
#2
Janice K Loudon
The patellofemoral joint is a joint that can be an area of concern for athletes of various sports and ages. The joint is somewhat complex with multiple contact points and numerous tissues that attach to the patella. Joint forces are variable and depend on the degree of knee flexion and whether the foot is in contact with the ground. The sports medicine specialist must have a good working knowledge of the anatomy and biomechanics of the patellofemoral joint in order to treat it effectively.
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899721/lisfranc-injuries-in-the-athlete
#3
REVIEW
John S Lewis, Robert B Anderson
: Lisfranc injuries to the tarsometatarsal complex of the midfoot have become increasingly recognized in the athletic population. Regardless of mechanism, any injury that results in instability in the midfoot requires operative stabilization to preserve function and enable return to sport. In this manuscript, the anatomy, etiology, prevalence, current treatment modalities, and clinical outcomes of patients who suffer Lisfranc injuries are reviewed, with a special focus on the unique characteristics surrounding such an injury in an athlete...
December 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888844/mr-imaging-of-the-plantar-plate-normal-anatomy-turf-toe-and-other-injuries
#4
REVIEW
Caio Nery, Daniel Baumfeld, Hilary Umans, André F Yamada
The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint complex is a weight-bearing structure important to the biomechanics of the standing position, walking, shoe wearing, and sport participation. Acute dorsiflexion injury of the first MTP joint, "turf toe," is common among American football and soccer players. The first and lesser MTP joint complexes can be affected by degenerative or inflammatory arthritis, infarct, and infection. These conditions can lead to plantar plate disruption. Imaging studies help physicians to properly diagnose and treat this condition...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886829/finger-injuries-in-ball-sports
#5
REVIEW
David T Netscher, Dang T Pham, Kimberly Goldie Staines
Finger injuries are common in athletes playing in professional ball sports. Understanding the intricate anatomy of the digit is necessary to properly diagnose and manage finger injuries. Unrecognized or poorly managed finger injuries can lead to chronic deformities that can affect an athlete's performance. Multiple factors and treatment options should be considered to provide the best functional outcome and rapid return to play for an athlete. This article discusses the mechanism of injury, diagnosis, treatment, and return-to-play recommendations for common finger injuries in ball sports...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871661/single-bundle-anatomic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-surgical-technique-pearls-and-pitfalls
#6
REVIEW
Chaitu S Malempati, Adam V Metzler, Darren L Johnson
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures are some of the most common sports-related injuries. Treatment of these injuries with ACL reconstruction has evolved over the last several decades. Anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction offers an accurate and reproducible method to reproduce native knee anatomy, restore knee kinematics, and ultimately restore function and decrease long-term degenerative effects. The importance of adequate arthroscopic visualization and a thorough understanding of the native anatomic ACL landmarks are discussed in this article...
January 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871655/surgical-indications-and-technique-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-combined-with-lateral-extra-articular-tenodesis-or-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction
#7
REVIEW
Bart Vundelinckx, Benjamin Herman, Alan Getgood, Robert Litchfield
After anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, anteroposterior and rotational laxity in the knee causes instability, functional symptoms, and damage to other intra-articular structures. Surgical reconstruction aims to restore the stability in the knee, and to improve function and ability to participate in sports. It also protects cartilage and menisci from secondary injuries. Because of persistent rotational instability after ACL reconstruction, combined intra-articular and extra-articular procedures are more commonly performed...
January 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799568/patient-throughput-in-a-sports-medicine-clinic-with-the-implementation-of-an-athletic-trainer-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
Timothy S Nicolello, Forrest Q Pecha, Reed L Omdal, Kurt J Nilsson, Alejandro A Homaechevarria
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic clinics have acquired a multitude of health professionals to improve clinic efficiency. More recently, athletic trainers (ATs) have been utilized to improve clinical efficiency and patient care because of their extensive background in musculoskeletal injuries and anatomy. Improved clinical efficiency allows for increased patient visits, potentially enhancing patient access and downstream revenue via relative value units (RVUs). HYPOTHESIS: The addition of an AT into a sports medicine physician's clinic will increase total patient throughput and overall RVU production...
October 31, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726754/imaging-of-sports-related-injuries-of-the-lower-extremity-in-pediatric-patients
#9
M Cody O'Dell, Diego Jaramillo, Laura Bancroft, Laura Varich, Gregory Logsdon, Sabah Servaes
With increasing participation and intensity of training in youth sports in the United States, the incidence of sports-related injuries is increasing, and the types of injuries are shifting. In this article, the authors review sports injuries of the lower extremity, including both acute and overuse injuries, that are common in or specific to the pediatric population. Common traumatic injuries that occur in individuals of all ages (eg, tears of the acetabular labrum and anterior cruciate ligament) are not addressed, although these occur routinely in pediatric sports...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726744/sports-injuries-about-the-hip-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#10
Tarek M Hegazi, Jeffrey A Belair, Eoghan J McCarthy, Johannes B Roedl, William B Morrison
Injuries of the hip and surrounding structures represent a complex and commonly encountered scenario in athletes, with improper diagnosis serving as a cause of delayed return to play or progression to a more serious injury. As such, radiologists play an essential role in guiding management of athletic injuries. Familiarity with hip anatomy and the advantages and limitations of various imaging modalities is of paramount importance for accurate and timely diagnosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is often the modality of choice for evaluating many of the injuries discussed, although preliminary evaluation with conventional radiography and use of other imaging modalities such as ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and bone scintigraphy may be supplementary or preferred in certain situations...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724861/morphologic-analysis-of-the-proximal-tibia-after-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-for-proper-plate-fitting
#11
Oui Sik Yoo, Yong Seuk Lee, Myung Chul Lee, Jae Hong Park, Jae Won Kim, Doo Hoon Sun
BACKGROUND: After open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), the proximal fragment resembles the anatomy of the proximal tibia that is aligned in the anterior-posterior direction and the distal fragment resembles the anatomy of the mid shaft that is aligned in the proximal-distal direction. In addition, the medial portion of the proximal fragment becomes aligned medially and the medial portion of the distal fragment, laterally, depending on the magnitude of the posterior opening gap. Therefore, there would be a mismatch between the post-correction bony surface and the previous pre-contoured plate geometry...
October 10, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706276/understanding-athletic-pubalgia-a-review
#12
Brian Cohen, Dominic Kleinhenz, Jonathan Schiller, Ramin Tabaddor
Athletic Pubalgia, more commonly known as sports hernia, is defined as chronic lower abdominal and groin pain without the presence of a true hernia. It is increasingly recognized in athletes as a source of groin pain and is often associated with other pathology. A comprehensive approach to the physical exam and a strong understanding of hip and pelvic anatomy are critical in making the appropriate diagnosis. Various management options are available. We review the basic anatomy, patholophysiology, diagnostic approach and treatment of athletic pubalgia as well as discuss associated conditions such as femoroacetabular impingement...
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643766/imaging-of-athletic-injuries-of-knee-ligaments-and-menisci-sports-imaging-series
#13
Ali M Naraghi, Lawrence M White
Acute knee injuries are a common source of morbidity in athletes and if overlooked may result in chronic functional impairment. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the knee has become the most commonly performed musculoskeletal MR examination and is an indispensable tool in the appropriate management of the injured athlete. Meniscal and ligamentous tearing are the most frequent indications for surgical intervention in sports injuries and an understanding of the anatomy, biomechanics, mechanisms of injury, and patterns of injury are all critical to accurate diagnosis and appropriate management...
October 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623865/modification-of-distal-tibiofibular-relationship-after-a-mild-syndesmotic-injury
#14
Marie-Lyne Nault, Laurence Gascon, Jonah Hébert-Davies, Stéphane Leduc, G Yves Laflamme, Dennis Kramer
BACKGROUND: The hypothesis of this study is that a sprain or tear of 1 or more of the 3 syndesmotic ligaments will result in a significant change in the osseous anatomy relationship when comparing injured to uninjured syndesmosis. Our secondary objective was to determine whether injuries to the syndesmosis as diagnosed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be found using static imaging. METHODS: This is a descriptive radiological study of ankle MRI reports over a 12-year period, from 2 different institutions, and divided in two groups: normal and injured syndesmotic ligaments...
September 13, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604531/physeal-fractures-about-the-knee
#15
REVIEW
Rhianna M Little, Matthew D Milewski
While some fractures may be managed similarly in adults and children, physeal fractures are uniquely limited to the pediatric population and require special consideration. Although physeal fractures about the knee are relatively rare, they are occurring more frequently due to increasing youth participation in sports and high-energy recreational activities. The evaluation and management of distal femoral and proximal tibial physeal fractures are similar to one another, but fractures of the tibial spine and tibial tubercle are approached somewhat differently...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530740/inferior-glenohumeral-ligament-ighl-complex-anatomy-injuries-imaging-features-and-treatment-options
#16
Giovanni J Passanante, Matthew R Skalski, Dakshesh B Patel, Eric A White, Aaron J Schein, Christopher J Gottsegen, George R Matcuk
The inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) complex is comprised of three components supporting the inferior aspect of the shoulder. It consists of an anterior band, a posterior band, and an interposed axillary pouch. Injuries to the IGHL complex have a unifying clinical history of traumatic shoulder injury, which are often sports or fall-related, with the biomechanical mechanism, positioning of the arm, and individual patient factors determining the specific component of the ligamentous complex that is injured, the location of the injury of those components, and the degree of bone involvement...
August 16, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494058/differential-diagnosis-and-intervention-of-proximal-median-nerve-entrapment-a-resident-s-case-problem
#17
Marcus R Bair, Michael T Gross, Jennifer R Cooke, Carla H Hill
Study Design Resident's case problem. Background Entrapment neuropathies represent a diagnostic challenge and require a comprehensive understanding of the nerve's path and the anatomical structures that may cause compression of the nerve. This resident's case problem details the evaluation and differential diagnosis process for median nerve entrapment resulting from forceful and repetitive pronation/supination motions. Diagnosis Median nerve compression syndromes include pronator syndrome, anterior interosseous nerve syndrome, and carpal tunnel syndrome...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429958/injury-patterns-in-patients-presenting-with-a-recurrent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear-following-primary-reconstruction
#18
Bryan T H Koh, Andrew A Sayampanathan, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Hwei Chi Chong, Hwee-Chye Andrew Tan
BACKGROUND: An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft rupture or a primary ACL injury in the contralateral knee is one of the greatest concerns of patients following primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Our study describes the epidemiology and presence of concomitant meniscal injuries of patients with a graft rupture following primary ACLR or a primary rupture of the contralateral ACL following primary ACLR of the ipsilateral knee. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 42 patients who underwent a second ACLR...
June 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421747/jam-injuries-of-the-finger-diagnosis-and-management-of-injuries-to-the-interphalangeal-joints-across-multiple-sports-and-levels-of-experience
#19
Katherine H Carruthers, Martin Skie, Margaret Jain
CONTEXT: Jam injuries of the finger are frequently encountered in general orthopaedic and sports medicine practice. The finger joints in particular are very susceptible to traumatic injury, but in the absence of severe deformity, digital trauma is often downplayed in the hopes of a more rapid return to game play. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Articles published from 1966 to 2015 were reviewed to capture historical and current views on the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of jam injuries in athletes...
September 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385681/surgical-technique-trends-in-primary-acl-reconstruction-from-2007-to-2014
#20
Lisa Tibor, Priscilla H Chan, Tadashi T Funahashi, Ronald Wyatt, Gregory B Maletis, Maria C S Inacio
BACKGROUND: The surgical technique for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has evolved as a result of improved understanding of ligament biomechanics, anatomy, device development, and failed reconstructions. Studies on surgical technique preferences have been limited to surgeon surveys, which are subject to selection and recall bias. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ACL reconstruction surgical technique and yearly revision rate trends in a community-based setting...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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