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Junwei Li, Isabel Barranco, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Manuel F Molina, Emilio A Martinez, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, Inmaculada Parrilla, Jordi Roca
Boar ejaculates are ejected in fractions with a specific composition in terms of sperm numbers and seminal plasma (SP), which is reflected in the varying sperm cryotolerance observed among different fractions. As boar sperm are particularly sensitive to oxidative stress, this study evaluated the role of SP antioxidants in the observed differences in sperm cryotolerance among ejaculate fractions. Ten ejaculates from five boars were manually collected in fractions: the first 10 mL of the sperm-rich fraction (SRF), the rest of the SRF and the post-SRF...
October 31, 2017: Theriogenology
Claudia M Asensio, Alejandro J Paredes, Maria P Martin, Daniel A Allemandi, Valeria Nepote, Nelson R Grosso
Release kinetics of the volatile compounds of oregano EO microcapsules and the relation with the antioxidant activity were studied. Different wall material (WM) to core (C) ratios (1:1 and 2:1; WM:C), addition of colloidal silicon dioxide (CSD); and different storage conditions: 23 °C (room temperature; R) and 4 °C (fridge temperature; F) were evaluated for 90 d. Volatile compounds, total phenolic content (TPC), free radical scavenging activity (FRSA), and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) were measured...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Food Science
Monika Dvořáková, Eva Rollerová, Soňa Scsuková, Alžbeta Bujňáková Mlynarčíková, Lucia Laubertová, Ingrid Žitňanová
Our goal was to evaluate the potential health risk of the polymeric NP, poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactic acid) (PEG-b-PLA), from the view of redox imbalance of the organism in two different life stages. Female Wistar rats were neonatally administered intraperitoneally with PEG-b-PLA NPs [20 mg/kg of b.w. (PEG20) or 40 (PEG40) mg/kg of b.w.] from postnatal day 4 (PND4) to PND7. We measured antioxidant capacity (TEAC), level of protein carbonyls and lipoperoxides in plasma, activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in hemolysates of infantile (sacrificed on PND17) and adult (sacrificed after PND176) rats...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Wantida Chaiyana, Chanun Punyoyai, Suvimol Somwongin, Pimporn Leelapornpisid, Kornkanok Ingkaninan, Neti Waranuch, Jukkarin Srivilai, Natthawut Thitipramote, Wudtichai Wisuitiprot, Roswitha Schuster, Helmut Viernstein, Monika Mueller
This study aims to investigate the biological activities related to hair loss of Equisetum debile extracts, including 5α-reductase inhibition, interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion reduction, and anti-oxidation. E. debile extracts were obtained by maceration in various solvents. Crude extract (CE) was obtained by maceration in 95% ethanol. Chlorophyll-free extract (CF) was the CE which of the chlorophyll has been removed by electrocoagulation. Hexane extract (HE), ethyl acetate extract (EA), and ethanolic extract (ET) were fraction extracts obtained from maceration in hexane, ethyl acetate, and 95% ethanol, respectively...
October 10, 2017: Nutrients
Daria Giacomini, Rosario Musumeci, Paola Galletti, Giulia Martelli, Lorenzo Assennato, Gianni Sacchetti, Alessandra Guerrini, Enrico Calaresu, Marianna Martinelli, Clementina Cocuzza
Antimicrobial resistance is one of the major and growing concerns in hospital- and community acquired infections, and new antimicrobial agents are therefore urgently required. It was reported that oxidative stress could contribute to the selection of resistant bacterial strains, since reactive oxygen species (ROS) revealed to be an essential driving force. In the present work 4-alkylidene-azetidinones, a new class of antibacterial agents, were functionalized with phytochemical polyphenolic acids such as protocatechuic, piperonyl, caffeic, ferulic, or sinapic acids and investigated as dual target antibacterial-antioxidant compounds...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Hsiao-Fen Wang, Kuang-Hway Yih, Chao-Hsun Yang, Keh-Feng Huang
This study analyzed 26 commercially available essential oils and their major chemical components to determine their antioxidant activity levels by measuring their total phenolic content (TPC), reducing power (RP), β-carotene bleaching (BCB) activity, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical scavenging (DFRS) ability. The clove bud and thyme borneol essential oils had the highest RP, BCB activity levels, and TPC values among the 26 commercial essential oils...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Backki Kim, Sunmin Woo, Mi-Jung Kim, Soon-Wook Kwon, Joohyun Lee, Sang Hyun Sung, Hee-Jong Koh
Flavonoids are naturally occurring phenolic compounds with potential health-promoting activities. Although anthocyanins and phenolic acids in coloured rice have been investigated, few studies have focused on flavonoids. Herein, we analysed flavonoids in a yellow grain rice mutant using UHPLC-DAD-ESI-Q-TOF-MS, and identified 19 flavonoids by comparing retention times and accurate mass measurements. Among them, six flavonoids, isoorientin, isoorientin 2″-O-glucoside, vitexin 2″-O-glucoside, isovitexin, isoscoparin 2″-O-glucoside and isoscoparin, were isolated and fully identified from the yellow grain rice mutant, and the levels were significantly higher than wild-type, with isoorientin particularly abundant in mutant embryo...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Dhanaji M Ghadage, Parthraj R Kshirsagar, Sandeep R Pai, Jaykumar J Chavan
The study aimed to evaluate extraction efficiency, detection and quantification of phytochemicals, minerals and antioxidative capacity of different parts of Salacia chinensis L. Continuous shaking extraction, steam bath assisted extraction, ultrasonic extraction and microwave assisted extraction with varied time intervals were employed for extraction of phenolics, flavonoids, and antioxidants. Preliminary screening revealed the presence of wide array of metabolites along with carbohydrates and starch. Steam bath assisted extraction for 10 min exposure was found most suitable for extraction phenolics (46...
December 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Cecilia I Oviedo-Solís, Cuauhtémoc Sandoval-Salazar, Edmundo Lozoya-Gloria, Genaro A Maldonado-Aguilera, Herlinda Aguilar-Zavala, Vicente Beltrán-Campos, Victoriano Pérez-Vázquez, Joel Ramírez-Emiliano
Flavonoids and polyphenols from the strawberry and other fruits have been proposed to reduce the oxidative stress produced by the obesity and her complications. Moreover, it has been proposed that irradiation with UV-C to strawberry may increase the antioxidant capacity of this fruit. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of the UV-C on antioxidant capacity of strawberry in vitro and in vivo. Strawberry slices were irradiated with ultraviolet light-C (UV-C) at 1.2 W/m(2)/16.5 min; then, the power antioxidant was isolated from the nonirradiated and irradiated strawberry slices into an organic phase, which was lyophilized to finally producing a nonirradiated strawberry extract (NSE) and UV-irradiated strawberry extract (UViSE) powder...
September 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
Muriel Henrion, Mathieu Servaes, Frank Thielecke, Vincenzo Fogliano
The QUENCHER method is a time and cost-saving extraction-free procedure measuring in vitro antioxidant capacity which appears highly relevant from an industrial perspective. However, grinding and exact weighting of material may be considered as critical points and were addressed in the present paper. Increasing sample weight at constant ABTS volume reduced TEAC values up to 50%. Working at higher ABTS radical concentration than recommended furthermore increased the TEAC values by 30%. Both weight and ABTS concentration effect could yet be predicted using a general model built on refined wheat (adjusted R2: 0...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Md Jiaur Rahman, Adriano Costa de Camargo, Fereidoon Shahidi
Phenolic compounds in oilseeds occur in the free, esterified and insoluble-bound forms and serve as natural antioxidants by preventing food oxidation as well as oxidative stress and various disorders in the body. In this work, free, esterified and insoluble-bound phenolics were extracted from defatted camelina and sophia seeds. Samples were evaluated for their total contents of phenolics (TPC), flavonoids (TFC) and proanthocyanidins (PC) as well as the antioxidant activity of their various phenolic fractions...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Milena Masullo, Antonietta Cerulli, Angela Mari, Carla Clisiane de Souza Santos, Cosimo Pizza, Sonia Piacente
The Italian "Nocciola di Giffoni", also known as "Tonda di Giffoni", a labelled Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) product, represents an important economic resource for the Italian market. The methanol (MeOH) extract of "Tonda di Giffoni" shells has been investigated for the phenolic content, assayed by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, and for the antioxidant activity by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) assays. In order to achieve deeper insight into the chemical composition of the shells of hazelnut "Nocciola di Giffoni" and to highlight the occurrence of biologically active compounds, a phytochemical investigation was carried out...
November 2017: Food Research International
Marwa Bannour, Boutheina Fellah, Gabriele Rocchetti, Samira Ashi-Smiti, Dirk W Lachenmeier, Luigi Lucini, Ayda Khadhri
The comprehensive phenolic fingerprint of Calligonum azel Maire plant fractions, collected from the Tunisian Desert, have been assessed for the first time as a source of natural antioxidants. Total phenolic content (TPC), Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) in scavenging DPPH, ABTS(+) and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) were determined. C. azel Maire showed a relevant content in phenolic compounds, which are related to the antioxidant activity. The flowers presented the highest antioxidant capacity against DPPH free radicals, while the leaves showed the highest scavenging capacity against ABTS...
November 2017: Food Research International
Esra Kaya, Necati Barış Tuncel, Neşe Yılmaz Tuncel
The aim of this study was to understand the effects of different ultrasound conditions on dietary fiber, phytic acid, total phenolics content, water and oil binding capacity, antioxidant capacity and phenolic acid composition of hull from green and red lentils (Lens culinaris), faba bean (Vicia faba), and pea (Pisum sativum). The highest and the lowest total dietary fiber content was observed in red lentil and faba bean hulls, respectively. Insoluble dietary fiber contents of the untreated pulse hulls were above 66% regardless of the pulse type...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ya Li, Sha Li, Sheng-Jun Lin, Jiao-Jiao Zhang, Cai-Ning Zhao, Hua-Bin Li
Our previous study reported that the fruit of Gordonia axillaris , an edible wild fruit, possessed strong antioxidant activity. In this study, a microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) method was established to extract antioxidants from the fruit of Gordonia axillaris . The influence of five parameters, including ethanol concentration, solvent/material ratio, extraction time, extraction temperature and microwave power, was investigated by single-factor experiments. Three factors, namely ethanol concentration, solvent/material ratio, extraction time, were found to exert a major influence on extraction efficacy, and were further studied by response surface methodology to investigate their interactions...
September 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bienvenida Gilbert-López, Almudena Barranco, Miguel Herrero, Alejandro Cifuentes, Elena Ibáñez
Two novel extraction techniques, pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and microwave-assisted solvent extraction (MAE) have been evaluated for the recovery of bioactive compounds from Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Microalga P. tricornutum is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as EPA, and has a high content of the carotenoid fucoxanthin, which is a valuable pigment with several biological activities. Cells were disrupted at high pressure and then freeze-dried as a previous step to extraction. Additionally, only green solvents as water and ethanol (EtOH) - and mixtures of them - were used...
September 2017: Food Research International
Lieselot Decroix, Cajsa Tonoli, Danusa Dias Soares, Amandine Descat, Marie-José Drittij-Reijnders, Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast, Wilhelm Stahl, Elsa Heyman, Romain Meeusen
BACKGROUND: Cocoa flavanols (CF) can stimulate vasodilation by improved nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities. This study aimed to examine whether acute CF intake can affect exercise-induced changes in antioxidant capacity, oxidative stress, inflammation and NO production, as well as exercise performance and recovery in well-trained cyclists. METHODS: Twelve well-trained male cyclists (mean ± SD age, VO2max: 30 ± 3 years, 63...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Ismael Galván, Virginia Moraleda, Ignacio Otero, Ernesto Álvarez, Ângela Inácio
Pheomelanin contributes to the pigmentation phenotype of animals by producing orange and light brown colours in the integument. However, pheomelanin synthesis in melanocytes requires consumption of glutathione (GSH), the most important intracellular antioxidant. Therefore, a genetic control favouring the production of large amounts of pheomelanin for pigmentation may lead to physiological costs under environmental conditions that promote oxidative stress. We investigated this possibility in the context of breeding coloniality, a reproductive strategy that may affect oxidative stress...
October 2017: Molecular Ecology
Mitsuo Miyazawa, Yoshinori Asakawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Paulina Gonzalez, Kristof Pota, Lara Su Turan, Viviana C P da Costa, Giridhar Akkaraju, Kayla N Green
Metal-ion misregulation and oxidative stress continue to be components of the continually evolving hypothesis describing the molecular origins of Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, these features are viable targets for synthetic chemists to explore through hybridizations of metal-binding ligands and antioxidant units. To date, the metal-binding unit in potential therapeutic small molecules has largely been inspired by clioquinol with the exception of a handful of heterocyclic small molecules and open-chain systems...
August 22, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
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