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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223578/generational-influence-on-patient-learning-preferences-in-dermatology
#1
Fan Di Xia, Jasmine Rana, Grace J Young, Shinjita Das, Foorotan Alizadeh, Cara Joyce, Arash Mostaghimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222869/new-generation-cardioverter-defibrillator-lead-with-a-floating-atrial-sensing-dipole-long-term-performance
#2
Erdal Safak, Giuseppe D Ancona, Hilmi Kaplan, Evren Caglayan, Stephan Kische, Alper Öner, Hüseyin Ince, Jasmin Ortak
OBJECTIVES: Study aim is to present the long-term performance of a new generation implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) electrode with floating atrial dipole (Linox S DX, Biotronik). BACKGROUND: The single ICD electrode with a floating dipole in the atrial chamber was introduced about 15 years ago to overcome risk of inappropriate shock. METHODS: After implant, internal ECG data were prospectively collected via tele-monitoring (Home Monitoring, Biotronik)...
December 9, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222006/wrist-accelerometry-for-physical-activity-measurement-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-need-for-individually-calibrated-cut-points
#3
Laura A McCracken, Jasmin K Ma, Christine Voss, Franco H N Chan, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Christopher R West
OBJECTIVE: To create and compare individual and group-based cut-points for wrist-accelerometry that corresponds to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Participants completed a graded treadmill-wheeling test while being assessed for oxygen consumption, wrist-acceleration vector magnitude, and spoke acceleration. Oxygen consumption was converted to SCI metabolic equivalents (SCI METS) and linear regression was applied to determine an individualized vector magnitude cut-point (counts per minute, VM-CPM) corresponding with MVPA (≥3 SCI METS)...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221763/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-epilepsy-and-neurocysticercosis-in-zambia
#4
Anne L Nau, Kabemba E Mwape, Jasmin Wiefek, Kathie Schmidt, Emmanuel Abatih, Pierre Dorny, Nicolas Praet, Clarance Chiluba, Holger Schmidt, Isaac K Phiri, Andrea S Winkler, Sarah Gabriël, Joachim Blocher
Cognitive impairment and quality of life (Qol) are important to assess the burden of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC), which are common but neglected in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aims of this study were to assess cognitive performance and Qol of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Zambia and to explore differences in PWE with and without NCC. In this community based, cross-sectional case-control-study, 47 PWE and 50 healthy controls completed five neuropsychological tests (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test (SRT), Spatial Recall Test (SPART), Test Battery of Attentional Performance (TAP)) and a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of Qol...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221444/genome-wide-association-study-of-coronary-artery-calcified-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-african-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Jasmin Divers, Nicholette D Palmer, Carl D Langefeld, W Mark Brown, Lingyi Lu, Pamela J Hicks, S Carrie Smith, Jianzhao Xu, James G Terry, Thomas C Register, Lynne E Wagenknecht, John S Parks, Lijun Ma, Gary C Chan, Sarah G Buxbaum, Adolfo Correa, Solomon Musani, James G Wilson, Herman A Taylor, Donald W Bowden, John Jeffrey Carr, Barry I Freedman
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcified atherosclerotic plaque (CAC) predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite exposure to more severe conventional CVD risk factors, African Americans (AAs) are less likely to develop CAC, and when they do, have markedly lower levels than European Americans. Genetic factors likely contribute to the observed ethnic differences. To identify genes associated with CAC in AAs with type 2 diabetes (T2D), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed using the Illumina 5 M chip in 691 African American-Diabetes Heart Study participants (AA-DHS), with replication in 205 Jackson Heart Study (JHS) participants with T2D...
December 8, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216751/decreased-viability-and-proliferation-of-chang-conjunctival-epithelial-cells-after-contact-with-ultraviolet-light-irradiated-pollen
#6
Andrea Heidinger, Dieter Franz Rabensteiner, Jasmin Rabensteiner, Petra Kieslinger, Jutta Horwath-Winter, Edith Stabentheiner, Regina Riedl, Andreas Wedrich, Otto Schmut
Context - Contact with pollen is the major reason for the development of allergic symptoms on the ocular surface leading to a significant increase of allergic diseases worldwide. Environmental changes such as increased ultraviolet (UV) radiation and air pollution are discussed as contributory causes for this increase. Objective - We investigated the effect of ultraviolet (UV) light on the histamine content of pollen and examined if an irradiation of pollen affects the viability and proliferation of conjunctival cells...
December 7, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215558/synthesis-of-benzyl-acetate-catalyzed-by-lipase-immobilized-in-nontoxic-chitosan-polyphosphate-beads
#7
Ana D Q Melo, Francisco F M Silva, José C S Dos Santos, Roberto Fernández-Lafuente, Telma L G Lemos, Francisco A Dias Filho
Enzymes serve as biocatalysts for innumerable important reactions, however, their application has limitations, which can in many cases be overcome by using appropriate immobilization strategies. Here, a new support for immobilizing enzymes is proposed. This hybrid organic-inorganic support is composed of chitosan-a natural, nontoxic, biodegradable, and edible biopolymer-and sodium polyphosphate as the inorganic component. Lipase B from Candida antarctica (CALB) was immobilized on microspheres by encapsulation using these polymers...
December 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214437/older-adults-neural-activation-in-the-reward-circuit-is-sensitive-to-face-trustworthiness
#8
Leslie A Zebrowitz, Noreen Ward, Jasmine Boshyan, Angela Gutchess, Nouchine Hadjikhani
We examined older adult (OA) and younger adult (YA) neural sensitivity to face trustworthiness in reward circuit regions, previously found to respond to trustworthiness in YA. Interactions of face trustworthiness with age revealed effects exclusive to OA in the amygdala and caudate, and an effect that was not moderated by age in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC). OA, but not YA, showed a nonlinear amygdala response to face trustworthiness, with significantly stronger activation response to high than to medium trustworthy faces, and no difference between low and medium or high...
December 6, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214362/complete-nucleotide-sequence-of-jasmine-virus-h-a-new-member-of-the-family-tombusviridae
#9
Tao Zhuo, Li-Juan Zhu, Cheng-Cong Lu, Chao-Yang Jiang, Zi-Yin Chen, Guangzhi Zhang, Zong-Hua Wang, Juan Jovel, Yan-Hong Han
Jasmine virus H (JaVH) is a novel virus associated with symptoms of yellow mosaic on jasmine. The JaVH genome is 3,867 nt in length with five open reading frames (ORFs) encoding a 27-kDa protein (ORF 1), an 87-kDa replicase protein (ORF 2), two centrally located movement proteins (ORF 3 and 4), and a 37-kDa capsid protein (ORF 5). Based on genomic and phylogenetic analysis, JaVH is predicted to be a member of the genus Pelarspovirus in the family Tombusviridae.
December 6, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211964/metabolic-costs-of-exposure-to-wastewater-effluent-lead-to-compensatory-adjustments-in-respiratory-physiology-in-bluegill-sunfish
#10
Sherry Du, Erin S McCallum, Maryam Vaseghi-Shanjani, Jasmine A Choi, Theresa R Warriner, Sigal Balshine, Graham R Scott
Municipal wastewater effluent is a major source of aquatic pollution and has potential to impact cellular energy metabolism. However, it is poorly understood whether wastewater exposure impacts whole-animal metabolism and whether this can be accommodated with adjustments in respiratory physiology. We caged bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) for 21 days at two sites downstream (either 50 m or 830 m) from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Survival was reduced in fish caged at both downstream sites compared to an uncontaminated reference site...
December 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209224/na-h-exchanger-3-is-expressed-in-two-distinct-types-of-ionocyte-and-probably-augments-ammonia-excretion-in-one-of-them-in-the-gills-of-the-climbing-perch-exposed-to-seawater
#11
Xiu L Chen, Biyan Zhang, You R Chng, Jasmine L Y Ong, Shit F Chew, Wai P Wong, Siew H Lam, Yuen K Ip
The freshwater climbing perch, Anabas testudineus, is an euryhaline teleost and an obligate air-breather with the ability to actively excrete ammonia. Members of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) family help maintain intracellular pH homeostasis and ionic balance through the electroneutral exchange of Na+ and H+. This study aimed to obtain, from the gills of A. testudineus, the full cDNA coding sequence of nhe3, and to determine the effects of exposure to seawater or 100 mmol l-1 of NH4Cl in fresh water on its mRNA and protein expression levels...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208354/more-than-a-number-perspectives-of-prenatal-care-quality-from-mothers-of-color-and-providers
#12
Sheryl L Coley, Jasmine Y Zapata, Rebecca J Schwei, Glen Ellen Mihalovic, Maya N Matabele, Elizabeth A Jacobs, Cynthie K Anderson
INTRODUCTION: African American mothers and other mothers of historically underserved populations consistently have higher rates of adverse birth outcomes than White mothers. Increasing prenatal care use among these mothers may reduce these disparities. Most prenatal care research focuses on prenatal care adequacy rather than concepts of quality. Even less research examines the dual perspectives of African American mothers and prenatal care providers. In this qualitative study, we compared perceptions of prenatal care quality between African American and mixed race mothers and prenatal care providers...
December 2, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207251/oral-contraceptives-modulate-the-muscle-metaboreflex-in-healthy-young-women
#13
Hanna R Parmar, Jasmin Sears, Yannick Molgat-Seon, Cara L McCulloch, Laura A McCracken, Courtney V Brown, Andrew William Sheel, Paolo B Dominelli
There are known sex-differences in blood pressure regulation. The differences are related to ovarian hormones that influence β-adrenergic receptors and the transduction of muscle sympathetic nerve activity. Oral contraceptives (OC) modulate the ovarian hormonal profile in women and therefore may alter the cardiovascular response. We questioned if OC would alter the absolute pressor response to static exercise and influence the day-to-day variability of the response. Healthy men (n=11) and women (n=19) completed a familiarization day and two experimental testing days...
December 5, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206080/understanding-forensic-psychiatry-in-healthcare-practices-and-collaboration-between-legal-nurse-consultants-and-physicians
#14
Daphne K Sharpe, Jasmine K Hall, Sochima Ochije, Rahn K Bailey
In 2000, the Institute of Medicine stunned many professionals with their published report that noted the vast number of deaths that occur each year in hospitals across the United States which reach as many as 98,000. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that the healthcare arena faces litigious issues regularly, with some specialties budgets being significantly impacted by the cost of maintaining liability insurance. Legal Nurse Consultants and forensic physicians working in tandem but who work independently from treating clinicians can carry out forensic independent medical examinations (IME)...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202957/parental-influences-on-sperm-banking-attempts-among-adolescent-males-newly-diagnosed-with-cancer
#15
James L Klosky, Jessica S Flynn, Vicky Lehmann, Kathryn M Russell, Fang Wang, Robin N Hardin, Jasmine R Eddinger, Hui Zhang, Lauren A-M Schenck, Leslie R Schover
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of parental sociodemographic, communication, and psychological factors on sperm collection attempts among at-risk adolescent males newly diagnosed with cancer. DESIGN: Prospective, single group, observational study design. SETTING: Pediatric oncology centers. PATIENT(S): Parents (N = 144) of 122 newly diagnosed adolescent males at increased risk for infertility secondary to cancer therapy...
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200553/sociodemographic-and-clinical-predictors-of-response-in-manic-episodes-a-naturalistic-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Jasmin Garg, Ajeet Sidana, B S Chavan, Shikha Goel
Background: Response to treatment of a manic episode is dependent on several sociodemographic and clinical factors as reported by researchers from other countries. The prescription of mood stabilizers and/or antipsychotics for manic episode depends on these factors. There is a lack of availability of data from India on this topic. Hence, this study was planned to identify the predictors of pharmacological response. Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients with a diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder current episode manic were enrolled and assessed for sociodemographic variables and clinical variables such as age of onset, family history, comorbidities, index episode, and number of past episodes...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200142/burnout-rates-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-physicians
#17
Jasmine Patterson, Alison Gardner
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a syndrome in which a reduced sense of personal accomplishment, depersonalization, and emotional exhaustion develop in response to prolonged stress. It is well known that physicians suffer high rates of burnout; emergency medicine physicians experience significantly increased rates of burnout, whereas physicians in other specialties, like pediatrics, may be spared. Pediatric emergency medicine physicians are on the frontline of care for the critically ill child, which could put them at high risk for burnout...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196080/outcomes-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-double-hit-and-double-expressor-lymphoma
#18
Alex F Herrera, Scott J Rodig, Joo Y Song, Young Kim, Gabriel K Griffin, Dongyun Yang, Liana Nikolaenko, Matthew Mei, Victoria Bedell, Paola Dal Cin, Christine Pak, Edwin P Alyea, Elizabeth Budde, Robert Chen, Yi-Bin Chen, Wing C Chan, Corey S Cutler, Vincent T Ho, John Koreth, Amrita Krishnan, Joyce L Murata-Collins, Sarah Nikiforow, Joycelynne Palmer, German A Pihan, Raju Pillai, Leslie Popplewell, Steven T Rosen, Tanya Siddiqi, Aliyah R Sohani, Jasmine Zain, Larry W Kwak, Dennis D Weisenburger, David M Weinstock, Robert J Soiffer, Joseph H Antin, Stephen J Forman, Auayporn P Nademanee, Philippe Armand
Double-hit lymphomas (DHL) and double-expressor lymphomas (DEL) are associated with resistance to frontline and salvage immunochemotherapy, as well as autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT). We hypothesized that allogeneic SCT (alloSCT) could overcome the chemoresistance associated with DEL/DHL. We retrospectively studied the impact of DEL/DHL status in a multicenter cohort of patients who underwent alloSCT for relapsed/refractory (rel/ref) aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). 78 patients transplanted at 3 centers in whom tumor tissue was available for immunohistochemistry and FISH were enrolled; 47% had DEL and 13% had DHL...
November 28, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193908/a-detailed-characterization-of-congenital-defects-and-mortality-following-moderate-x-ray-doses-during-neurulation
#19
Kai Craenen, Mieke Verslegers, Jasmine Buset, Sarah Baatout, Lieve Moons, Mohammed Abderrafi Benotmane
BACKGROUND: Both epidemiological and animal studies have previously indicated a link between in utero radiation exposure and birth defects such as microphthalmos, anophthalmos, and exencephaly. However, detailed knowledge on embryonic radiosensitivity during different stages of neurulation is limited, especially in terms of neural tube defect and eye defect development. METHODS: To assess the most radiosensitive stage during neurulation, pregnant C57BL6/J mice were X-irradiated (0...
November 28, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193476/mere-social-knowledge-impacts-children-s-consumption-and-categorization-of-foods
#20
Jasmine M DeJesus, Kristin Shutts, Katherine D Kinzler
How does social information affect the perception of taste early in life? Does mere knowledge of other people's food preferences impact children's own experience when eating? In Experiment 1, 5- and 6-year-old children consumed more of a food described as popular with other children than a food that was described as unpopular with other children, even though the two foods were identical. In Experiment 2, children ate more of a food described as popular with children than a food described as popular with adults...
November 29, 2017: Developmental Science
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