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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655832/serum-magnesium-phosphorus-and-calcium-levels-and-subclinical-calcific-aortic-valve-disease-a-population-based-study
#1
Takashi Hisamatsu, Katsuyuki Miura, Akira Fujiyoshi, Aya Kadota, Naoko Miyagawa, Atsushi Satoh, Maryam Zaid, Takashi Yamamoto, Minoru Horie, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common valve disease. Although micronutrients are known to contribute to cardiovascular disease, the relationship with CAVD remains poorly evaluated. We examined the association of serum levels of magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium with prevalence, incidence, and progression of aortic valve calcification (AVC). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in a population-based sample of Japanese men aged 40-79 years without known cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease at baseline, and quantified AVC from serial computed tomographic images with the Agatston method...
March 22, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653264/helminth-infection-in-mice-improves-insulin-sensitivity-via-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-and-fatty-acid-metabolism
#2
Fernanda Pace, Bruno M Carvalho, Tamires M Zanotto, Andrey Santos, Dioze Guadagnini, Kelly L C Silva, Maria Carolina S Mendes, Guilherme Z Rocha, Silmara M Alegretti, Gustavo A Santos, Rodrigo R Catharino, Rita Paroni, Franco Folli, Mário José A Saad
Intestinal helminths are prevalent in individuals who live in rural areas of developing countries, where obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome are rare. In the present study, we analyzed the modulation of the gut microbiota in mice infected with the helminth Strongyloides venezuelensis, and fed either a standard rodent chow diet or high-fat diet (HFD). To investigate the effects of the microbiota modulation on the metabolism, we analyzed the expression of tight-junction proteins present in the gut epithelium, inflammatory markers in the serum and tissue and quantified glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity and resistance...
April 10, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652937/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-12-months-postpartum-and-child-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior-at-three-years
#3
Dawn Kingston, Heather Kehler, Marie-Paule Austin, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Abdul Wajid, Lydia Vermeyden, Karen Benzies, Stephanie Brown, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Giallo
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652599/risk-factors-for-new-hypothyroidism-during-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-therapy-in-advanced-nonthyroidal-cancer-patients
#4
Melissa G Lechner, Chirag M Vyas, Ole-Petter R Hamnvik, Erik K Alexander, P Reed Larsen, Toni K Choueiri, Trevor E Angell
BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction during tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) cancer treatment is common, but predisposing risk factors have not been determined. Recommendations for monitoring patients treated with one or multiple TKI and in conjunction with other relevant cancer therapies could be improved. The study objective was to assess the risk factors for new thyroid dysfunction in TKI-treated previously euthyroid cancer patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with advanced nonthyroidal cancer treated with TKI from 2000 to 2017, having available thyroid function tests showing initial euthyroid status, excluding patients with preexisting thyroid disease or lack of follow-up thyroid function tests...
April 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652597/hypothyroidism-during-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-therapy-is-associated-with-longer-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-nonthyroidal-cancers
#5
Melissa G Lechner, Chirag M Vyas, Ole-Petter R Hamnvik, Erik K Alexander, P Reed Larsen, Toni K Choueiri, Trevor E Angell
BACKGROUND: Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-induced thyroid dysfunction is recognized as a common adverse effect of treatment, but the importance of incident hypothyroidism during TKI therapy remains unclear. This study analyzed the prognostic significance of hypothyroidism during TKI therapy in cancer patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of adult patients with advanced nonthyroidal cancer treated with TKI and available thyroid function testing at three affiliated academic hospitals from 2000 to 2017...
April 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651813/contralateral-adrenal-width-predicts-the-duration-of-prolonged-post-surgical-steroid-replacement-for-subclinical-cushing-syndrome
#6
Masahiro Sugiura, Yusuke Imamura, Koji Kawamura, Satoshi Yamamoto, Tomokazu Sazuka, Kazuyoshi Nakamura, Shinichi Sakamoto, Hidekazu Nagano, Hisashi Koide, Tomoaki Tanaka, Takashi Imamoto, Akira Komiya, Tomohiko Ichikawa
OBJECTIVES: To identify pre-treatment factors affecting the duration of post-surgical steroid replacement in patients undergoing adrenalectomy for subclinical Cushing syndrome. METHODS: The present retrospective analysis included 64 patients who underwent unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy for subclinical Cushing syndrome. Adrenal tumor and contralateral adrenal sizes together with various clinical factors were studied in association with the duration of post-surgical steroid replacement...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651214/homeostatic-model-assessment-insulin-resistance-homa-ir-2-in-mild-subclinical-hypothyroid-subjects
#7
Shreejita Sengupta, T Jaseem, Jayachidambaram Ambalavanan, Anupama Hegde
Despite various studies with conflicting results, the effect of thyroid hormones on lipids and insulin levels in dysthyroidism is of great interest. This case control study was aimed to perceive the existence of IR and dyslipidemia in mild subclinical hypothyroid subjects (TSH ≤ 9.9 µIU/ml) as compared to their age and gender matched euthyroid controls. Basic demographic information like height, weight was recorded. Serum samples of all the subjects were assayed for thyroid profile, lipid profile, blood glucose, HbA1C and insulin...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650603/top-studies-relevant-to-primary-care-practice
#8
REVIEW
Danielle Perry, Michael R Kolber, Christina Korownyk, Adrienne J Lindblad, Jamil Ramji, Joey Ton, G Michael Allan
OBJECTIVE: To summarize 10 high-quality studies from 2017 that have strong relevance to primary care practice. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Study selection involved routine literature surveillance by a group of primary care health professionals. This included screening abstracts of important journals and Evidence Alerts, as well as searching the American College of Physicians Journal Club. MAIN MESSAGE: Topics of the 2017 articles include whether treating subclinical hypothyroidism improves outcomes or symptoms; whether evolocumab reduces cardiovascular disease as well as low-density lipoprotein levels; whether lifestyle interventions reduce medication use in patients with diabetes; whether vitamin D prevents cardiovascular disease, cancer, or upper respiratory tract infections; whether canagliflozin reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; how corticosteroid injections affect knee osteoarthritis; whether drained abscesses benefit from antibiotic treatment; whether patients with diabetes benefit from bariatric surgery; whether exenatide reduces clinical events in patients with diabetes; and whether tympanostomy tubes affect outcomes in recurrent acute otitis media or chronic otitis media...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650434/importance-of-three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-in-the-assessment-of-left-atrial-and-ventricular-dysfunction-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#9
Henrique Guedes, Nuno Moreno, Rui Pontes Dos Santos, Leonor Marques, Daniel Seabra, Adriana Pereira, Aurora Andrade, Paula Pinto
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a multisystem disease in which cardiac involvement is common. The aim of this study was to identify early changes in left atrial (LA) mechanics and left ventricular (LV) systolic function in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 using three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE). METHODS: This observational study included 25 patients with DM1 and 25 healthy volunteers. We assessed LA and LV global strain parameters using 3D-STE...
April 9, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650038/a-lifelong-study-of-a-pack-rhodesian-ridgeback-dogs-reveals-subclinical-and-clinical-tick-borne-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-infections-with-possible-reinfection-or-persistence
#10
Emil Hovius, Arnout de Bruin, Leo Schouls, Joppe Hovius, Niels Dekker, Hein Sprong
BACKGROUND: Various tick-borne infections often occur without specific clinical signs and are therefore notoriously hard to diagnose separately in veterinary practice. Longitudinal studies over multiple tick seasons performing clinical, serological and molecular investigations in parallel, may elucidate the relationship between infection and disease. In this regard, six related Rhodesian Ridgeback dogs living as a pack became subject of lifetime studies due to ongoing tick infestations and recurring clinical problems...
April 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650032/biosecurity-and-animal-disease-management-in-organic-and-conventional-swedish-dairy-herds-a-questionnaire-study
#11
Ulf Emanuelson, Karin Sjöström, Nils Fall
BACKGROUND: Good animal health is a notion that is germane to organic dairy production, and it is expected that such herds would pay significant attention on the health of their animals. However, it is not known if the applied animal disease management is actually more adequate in organic dairy cattle herds than in conventional dairy herds. A questionnaire study on biosecurity and animal disease management activities was therefore conducted among Swedish farmers with organic and conventional dairy cattle herds...
April 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649013/eeg-patterns-in-patients-with-calcified-neurocysticercosis-with-or-without-hippocampal-atrophy
#12
Naoum P Issa, Mark J Sedler, Victor J Del Brutto, Elizabeth Darsan, Lucía Milla, Jessica Montes, Mauricio Zambrano, Oscar H Del Brutto
PURPOSE: To assess whether hippocampal atrophy develops in conjunction with clinical or subclinical epileptiform or encephalopathic activity in subjects with neurocysticercosis (NCC). METHODS: Using a population-based and nested case-control study design, scalp EEGs and brain MRIs were performed in Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years, who have imaging-confirmed NCC (case patients), as well as in age- and sex-matched NCC-free control subjects. RESULTS: Sixty-two case patients and 62 control subjects were included...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648692/multimodality-imaging-for-evaluation-of-chest-pain-using-strain-analysis-at-rest-and-peak-exercise
#13
Mohamad Jihad Mansour, Wael AlJaroudi, Omar Hamoui, Sarah Chaaban, Elie Chammas
BACKGROUND: Exercise stress echocardiography (SE) is commonly used for diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD). The use of quantitative echocardiographic measures such as strain imaging is expected to improve the sensitivity of conventional SE which relies on the visual diagnosis of wall-motion abnormalities (WMAs). This study is set to demonstrate the added value of resting and exercise strain analysis to detect underlying microangiopathy and inducible myocardial ischemia during a resting and SE in comparison with the results of coronary computed tomographic angiogram (CCTA)...
April 12, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648468/in-healthy-normotensive-subjects-age-and-blood-pressure-better-predict-subclinical-vascular-and-cardiac-organ-damage-than-atherosclerosis-biomarkers
#14
Alessandro Maloberti, Francesca Farina, Marco Carbonaro, Enrico Piccinelli, Ilaria Bassi, Francesco Pansera, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia, Paola Palestini, Cristina Giannattasio
PURPOSE: Only few studies evaluated biomarkers useful for defining the cardiovascular risk of a subject in a pre-clinical condition (i.e. healthy subjects). In this context we sought to determine the relationships of Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), P-Selectin, Tissue Inhibitors Metalloproteinases type 1 (TIMP-1) and Cystatin-C with subclinical Target Organ Damage (TOD) in normotensive and normoglycemic subjects without known cardiovascular and kidney diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 480 blood donors participated at the present analysis...
April 12, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645394/cicatricial-alopecia
#15
Varvara Kanti, Joachim Röwert-Huber, Annika Vogt, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
In the classification of the North American Hair Research Society, primary cicatricial alopecias (PCA) are divided into four groups according to their prominent inflammatory infiltrate: PCAs with lymphocytic, neutrophilic, mixed or nonspecific cell inflammation pattern. The hair loss can begin subclinically and progress slowly so that the exact onset of the disease is often difficult to determine. The diagnosis is often delayed. While most forms of cicatricial alopecia can be clearly diagnosed based on clinical presentation in the acute disease stage, diagnosis can be challenging in the subacute, early or late disease stages...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644934/management-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-pregnancy-a-comment-from-the-italian-society-of-endocrinology-sie-and-the-italian-thyroid-association-ait-to-the-2017-ata-guidelines-the-italian-way
#16
Mario Rotondi, Luca Chiovato, Furio Pacini, Luigi Bartalena, Paolo Vitti
The 2017 ATA Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and the Postpartum were published six years after the previous ones. They provide comprehensive clinical recommendations for the whole spectrum of thyroid diseases as well as for optimal iodine intake during pregnancy, post-partum and lactation. The present position statement mainly regards the recommended flow-chart for therapeutic decision making in pregnant women being diagnosed with subclinical hypothyroidism. The major biochemical and clinical situations and the corresponding therapeutic indications will be commented...
April 12, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644487/therapeutic-use-of-carbohydrate-restricted-diets-in-an-autistic-child-a-case-report-of-clinical-and-18fdg-pet-findings
#17
Iwona Żarnowska, Beata Chrapko, Grażyna Gwizda, Anna Nocuń, Krystyna Mitosek-Szewczyk, Maciej Gasior
The ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that has been used successfully in the treatment of refractory epilepsies for almost 100 years. There has been accumulating evidence to show that the KD may provide a therapeutic benefit in autism spectrum disorders, albeit by a yet-unknown mechanism. We report a case of a 6-year-old patient with high-functioning autism and subclinical epileptic discharges who responded poorly to several behavioural and psychopharmacological treatments...
April 11, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643681/mismatch-in-brain-perfusion-and-metabolism-detected-with-99m-tc-hexamethyl-propylene-amine-oxime-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-and-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-moyamoya-disease
#18
Justo Serrano Vicente, Luis Fernández Prudencio, José Rafael Infante Torre, Juan Ignacio Rayo Madrid
We report a 47-year-old woman who developed an ischemic stroke with diplopia and dysarthria. Emergency computed tomography (CT) showed no pathological findings, and magnetic resonance (MR) showed mild ischemic-degenerative lesions. MR angiography and angiogram showed severe stenosis of both internal carotid and main intracranial arteries with plenty collateral vessels with "puff of smoke" suggesting a moyamoya disease (MMD). Brain perfusion single-photon emission CT showed global diminished perfusion in the brain lobes and a marked relative hyperperfusion in the cerebellum...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643525/-association-between-chronic-periodontitis-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-of-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-shijingshan-community-of-beijing
#19
Y Liu, Q X Luan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between periodontal disease and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older adults in Shijingshan community of Beijing. METHODS: In 2005-2010, a total of 830 middle-aged and older adults were recruited from Shijingshan community of Beijing, who were divided into two groups by severity of periodontitis. A questionnaire, periodontal examination, blood biochemical examination, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), including common carotid artery (CCA-IMT), internal carotid artery (ICA-IMT) and carotid bifurcation (CB-IMT), were measured of each subject...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643295/prevalence-and-etiology-of-mastitis-in-dairy-cattle-in-el-oro-province-ecuador
#20
Said Amer, Fernando Lenin Aguilar Gálvez, Yasuhiro Fukuda, Chika Tada, Ivan Ludeña Jimenez, Wunster Favian Maza Valle, Yutaka Nakai
This study described the occurrence of clinical and subclinical forms of mastitis in 250 cattle from 5 dairy farms around the cities of Santa Rosa and Machala, El Oro Province, Ecuador. Clinical mastitis (CM) was determined based on obvious changes in milk (mild), signs of inflammation in the udder (moderate), and/or generalized clinical symptoms (severe). Subclinical mastitis (SCM) was assessed using the California mastitis test. CM and SCM were detected in 30 (12.0%) and 150 (60%) of the 250 tested cattle, respectively...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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