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Kang Moon Lee
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, idiopathic inflammatory disease of gastrointestinal tract with waxing and waning clinical course, which may lead to irreversible bowel damage and a loss of bowel function. Cumulative intestinal damage results in complications such as stricture or fistulae, and eventually a large number of IBD patients undergo surgery. Notably, even during remission period (no clinical symptoms), subclinical inflammation often persists and the disease continues to progress. Therefore, the therapeutic target of IBD has been evolving from symptomatic control to mucosal healing to prevent structural intestinal damage...
February 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Özge Öcek, Muhteşem Gedizlioğlu, Aslı Köşkderelioğlu, Pınar Kurceren Ortan, Bora Yüksel, Melih Türe, Feyza Gediz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Agnieszka Żyromska, Bogdan Małkowski, Tomasz Wiśniewski, Karolina Majewska, Joanna Reszke, Roman Makarewicz
OBJECTIVE: Studies examining radiation-induced heart toxicity in breast cancer patients are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to prospectively and quantitatively asses myocardial blood flow (MBF) with, for the first time, 15O-H2O PET/CT as a marker of heart damage in irradiated breast cancer patients. METHODS: Fifteen breast cancer patients receiving intact breast or chest wall irradiation were included in the analysis (six with right-sided and nine with left-sided breast cancer)...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Marta Aguado Lobo, Elena Sierra Gonzalo, José Jiménez-Reyes
Eosinophilic annular erythema (EAE) is an uncommon eosinophilic dermatosis. Clinically it is characterized by recurrent episodes of annular or figurative plaques. The histopathological study shows a perivascular inflammatory infiltrate in the superficial and deep dermis, composed of lymphocytes and eosinophils. It was originally described in children. We report an adult woman who presented with recurrent erythematous annular plaques on the trunk and extremities. A biopsy showed a mainly perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate with numerous eosinophils in the dermis...
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Abbie L Speas, Sarah E Lyles, Kimberly A Wirth, Christine E Fahey, Kelvin Kow, Amandine T Lejeune, Rowan J Milner
OBJECTIVES: To establish the occurrence of increased plasma ammonia concentration after L-asparaginase (L-asp) administration in dogs with high-grade lymphoma or leukemia; to identify risk factors for the development of hyperammonemia after L-asp administration; and to determine occurrence of adverse events related to hyperammonemia. DESIGN: Prospective case controlled study of sequentially enrolled dogs between May 2011 and March 2012. SETTING: A university veterinary teaching hospital...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Chuanjiang Cai, Yezi Kong, Dianjun Wu, Jianguo Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Sergi Segarra, Guadalupe Miró, Ana Montoya, Luis Pardo-Marín, Joan Teichenné, Lluís Ferrer, José Joaquín Cerón
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in clinically healthy dogs can be several times higher than that of clinical disease in endemic areas. Although treatment is not recommended in dogs with subclinical infection, these animals should be managed to prevent disease progression and parasite transmission to human beings or to other dogs. Dietary nucleotides and active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) have been shown to modulate the immune response. A recent study in dogs with clinical leishmaniosis receiving an initial 28-day course of methylglucamine antimoniate showed that six-month administration of a dietary supplement containing nucleotides plus AHCC achieves similar efficacy to allopurinol...
February 21, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Marcia Maria Noya-Rabelo, Carolina The Macedo, Ticiana Larocca, Admilson Machado, Thais Pacheco, Jorge Torreão, Bruno Solano de Freitas Souza, Milena B P Soares, Ricardo Ribeiro-Dos-Santos, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia
BACKGROUND: Previous data has shown that patients in the indeterminate form of Chagas disease may present myocardial fibrosis as shown on through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, there is little information available regarding the degree of severity of myocardial fibrosis in these individuals. This variable has the potential to predict the evolution of Chagas' disease into its cardiac form. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and extent of myocardial fibrosis evaluated using an MRI in patients in the indeterminate form, and to compare it with other forms of the disease...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
M N Alekhin, Z Pickure, A Kalinin, A Lejnieks
The review is dedicated to the new echocardiographic techniques in the assessment of right ventricular (RV) function, such as two-dimensional speckle tracking and determining the RV volume by a three-dimensional model. Subclinical changes in RV function are of great importance for the diagnosis and assessment of prognosis of multiple cardiovascular as well as non-cardiac pathologies. Two-dimensional speckle tracking allows to assess longitudinal strain of the RV myocardium and to detect pathological changes before their clinical manifestations...
September 2017: Kardiologiia
Scott M Nelson, Caroline Haig, Alex McConnachie, Naveed Sattar, Susan M Ring, George D Smith, Debbie A Lawlor, Robert S Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: To determine if first trimester maternal thyroid dysfunction is a critical determinant of child scholastic performance and overall educational attainment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 4615 mother-child pairs with an available first trimester sample (median 10 weeks gestation, interquartile range 8-12). EXPOSURES: Free thyroxine, thyroid stimulating hormone, and thyroid peroxidase antibodies assessed as continuous measures and the seven clinical categories of maternal thyroid function...
February 20, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
R Flore, M A Zocco, M E Ainora, C Fonnesu, A Nesci, A Gasbarrini, F R Ponziani
OBJECTIVE: To quantify non-coronary vascular calcifications (VC) in asymptomatic patients at low-intermediate cardiovascular risk by a new color Doppler ultrasound (DUS)-based score (the carotid, aortic, lower limbs calcium score, CALCs), and to correlate this score with classical parameters associated with cardiovascular risk [carotid intima media thickness (IMT), and arterial stiffness (AS)]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consecutive asymptomatic patients who underwent a screening DUS of non-coronary circulation were evaluated and patients at low-intermediate cardiovascular risk were selected according to Framingham risk score (FRS)...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Marion Fiorentino, Marlène Perignon, Khov Kuong, Chhoun Chamnan, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
E Freiberger
Cognitive abilities and gait with its physical parameters are important for mobility. There is clinically sound evidence that a reduction of gait speed can be seen as an early subclinical indicator of cognitive decline of even higher risk of onset of dementia. The dual-task paradigm is a method in which the older person has to simultaneously solve two different task. It is of utmost importance to identify older persons at risk of falls or onset of dementia. The dual-task paradigm seems to be an important method in this process...
February 19, 2018: Der Internist
Ruriko Seto-Yukimura, Emiko Ogawa, Takashi Hisamatsu, Sayuki Torii, Akihiko Shiino, Kazuhiko Nozaki, Akira Fujiyoshi, Katsuyuki Miura, Yasutaka Nakano, Hirotsugu Ueshima
AIM: We aimed to investigate the association between reduced lung function and cerebral small vessel diseases via cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the cross-sectional study of the general Japanese population. METHODS: We recruited participants aged ≥40 years from the general population of a single city in Japan. We clarified the comorbidities and treatments, smoking habits, second-hand smoke exposure, current alcohol consumption, education level, exercise habits, and occupation...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Natalie Suder Egnot, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Michael H Criqui, Matthew A Allison, Joachim H Ix, Nancy S Jenny, Christina L Wassel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several biomarkers of inflammation and coagulation have been implicated in lower extremity atherosclerosis. We utilized an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to identify distinct factors derived from circulating inflammatory and coagulation biomarkers then examined the associations of these factors with measures of lower extremity subclinical atherosclerosis, including the ankle-brachial index (ABI), common and superficial femoral intima-media thickness (IMT), and atherosclerotic plaque presence, burden, and characteristics...
February 13, 2018: Thrombosis Research
D Caivano, M Rishniw, F Birettoni, V Patata, M E Giorgi, F Porciello
INTRODUCTION: Left atrial (LA) function can provide useful information in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). Recently, we have demonstrated the feasibility of measuring LA longitudinal deformation using speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) to estimate LA function in healthy dogs. Whether LA strain and strain rate variables provide additional information about LA function and clinical cardiac status in dogs with MMVD remains unexplored. ANIMALS: Ninety-six client-owned dogs of different breeds with MMVD were prospectively enrolled...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Felix Bolinski, Annet Kleiboer, Eirini Karyotaki, Judith E Bosmans, Anna-Carlotta Zarski, Kiona K Weisel, David D Ebert, Corinna Jacobi, Pim Cuijpers, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common and co-morbid disorders that affect a significant proportion of students. Innovative prevention strategies targeting both conditions are needed to reduce their health burden and costs. ICare Prevent is such an innovative strategy and contains a transdiagnostic individually tailored Internet-based and mobile-supported intervention. It addresses common risk factors of depression and anxiety as part of a large EU-funded multi-country project* (ICare)...
February 20, 2018: Trials
Katherine H Rogers, Marina T Le, Erin E Buckels, Mikayla Kim, Jeremy C Biesanz
INTRODUCTION: The Dark Tetrad traits (subclinical psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism, and everyday sadism) have interpersonal consequences. At present, however, how these traits are associated with the accuracy and positivity of first impressions is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: The present manuscript addresses three primary questions. First, to what extent are perceiver levels of Dark Tetrad traits associated with differing levels of perceptive accuracy? Second, to what extent are target levels of Dark Tetrad traits associated with differing levels of expressive accuracy? Finally, to what extent can Dark Tetrad traits be differentiated when examining perceptions of and by others? METHODS: In a round-robin design, participants (N = 412) in small groups engaged in brief, naturalistic, unstructured dyadic interactions before providing impressions of their partner...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Personality
Irving O Estevez-Garcia, Selma Gallegos-Nava, Erika Vera-Pérez, Luis H Silveira, Lucio Ventura-Ríos, Gonzalo Vancini, Cristina Hernández-Díaz, Fausto Sánchez-Muñoz, Martha A Ballinas-Verdugo, Marwin Gutierrez, Carlos Pineda, Pedro Rodriguez-Henriquez, Diana Castillo-Martínez, Luis M Amezcua-Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To assess potential associations among serum cytokines and microRNA (miR) levels with ultrasound (US) findings suggestive of urate deposits in chronic asymptomatic hyperuricemia and gout. METHODS: All participants underwent musculoskeletal US and measurements of serum IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IFN-γ, TNF, MCP-1, and ENA-78, as well as miR-146a, miR-155, and miR-223 levels. RESULTS: Thirty individuals with asymptomatic hyperuricemia, 31 normouricemic controls, and 30 gouty patients were included...
February 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Şiho Hidayet, Julide Yağmur, Adil Bayramoğlu, M Hakan Taşolar, Ertuğrul Kurtoğlu, Fatma Özyalın
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative AF (POAF) is the most common cause of morbidity after coronary artery bypass surgery. In this study, we aimed to show the relationship between POAF and N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (NT-pro ANP) levels and the relationship between mechanical functions and left atrial volume measured using preoperative three-dimensional echocardiography (3D ECHO) among patients that will undergo isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in elective conditions...
February 19, 2018: Echocardiography
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