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hansen's disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530674/fifteen-new-risk-loci-for-coronary-artery-disease-highlight-arterial-wall-specific-mechanisms
#1
Joanna M M Howson, Wei Zhao, Daniel R Barnes, Weang-Kee Ho, Robin Young, Dirk S Paul, Lindsay L Waite, Daniel F Freitag, Eric B Fauman, Elias L Salfati, Benjamin B Sun, John D Eicher, Andrew D Johnson, Wayne H H Sheu, Sune F Nielsen, Wei-Yu Lin, Praveen Surendran, Anders Malarstig, Jemma B Wilk, Anne Tybjærg-Hansen, Katrine L Rasmussen, Pia R Kamstrup, Panos Deloukas, Jeanette Erdmann, Sekar Kathiresan, Nilesh J Samani, Heribert Schunkert, Hugh Watkins, Ron Do, Daniel J Rader, Julie A Johnson, Stanley L Hazen, Arshed A Quyyumi, John A Spertus, Carl J Pepine, Nora Franceschini, Anne Justice, Alex P Reiner, Steven Buyske, Lucia A Hindorff, Cara L Carty, Kari E North, Charles Kooperberg, Eric Boerwinkle, Kristin Young, Mariaelisa Graff, Ulrike Peters, Devin Absher, Chao A Hsiung, Wen-Jane Lee, Kent D Taylor, Ying-Hsiang Chen, I-Te Lee, Xiuqing Guo, Ren-Hua Chung, Yi-Jen Hung, Jerome I Rotter, Jyh-Ming J Juang, Thomas Quertermous, Tzung-Dau Wang, Asif Rasheed, Philippe Frossard, Dewan S Alam, Abdulla Al Shafi Majumder, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Rajiv Chowdhury, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Themistocles L Assimes, John Danesh, Adam S Butterworth, Danish Saleheen
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although 58 genomic regions have been associated with CAD thus far, most of the heritability is unexplained, indicating that additional susceptibility loci await identification. An efficient discovery strategy may be larger-scale evaluation of promising associations suggested by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Hence, we genotyped 56,309 participants using a targeted gene array derived from earlier GWAS results and performed meta-analysis of results with 194,427 participants previously genotyped, totaling 88,192 CAD cases and 162,544 controls...
May 22, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530527/health-care-costs-associated-with-addition-titration-and-switching-antihypertensive-medications-after-first-line-treatment-results-from-a-commercially-insured-sample
#2
Kalyani B Sonawane Deshmukh, Jingjing Qian, Kimberly B Garza, Bradley M Wright, Peng Zeng, Cecilia M Ganduglia Cazaban, Richard A Hansen
BACKGROUND: Treatment modifications are necessary for addressing issues related to efficacy and tolerance of first-line monotherapy, but they increase the economic burden on patients and their health plans. Understanding the differences in costs between alternative treatment modification strategies, if any, can serve as a guideline for clinical decision making and for designing cost-containment strategies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the health care utilization costs between (a) addition (i...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530057/-hansen-s-disease-in-israel
#3
REVIEW
Leon Gilead, Ruth Wexler
Hansen's disease (HD) is an anthropophylic, infectious, chronic disease, caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The systemic disease, affecting both males and females at any age, involves mainly the skin and the peripheral nerves located in the limbs close to the skin. Traditionally the treatment of HD patients was entrusted to dermatologists. Current drug therapy given at an early stage can prevent many of the complications, and enables patients to go on with life. In 95% of the population there is an innate immunity, which following exposure, enables the development of an effective immune response preventing the development of overt clinical disease...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529413/autologous-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-in-non-healing-trophic-ulcers-in-patients-with-hansen-s-disease
#4
Umashankar Nagaraju, Priya K Sundar, Priyanka Agarwal, Belliappa P Raju, Mahesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Non-healing trophic ulcers in Hansen's disease patients is one of the major causes for disability. It has been shown that autologous platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM) is effective in healing chronic non-healing leg ulcers. AIM: The objective of this study is to demonstrate the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM) in non-healing trophic ulcers in patients treated for Hansen's disease. DESIGN: A prospective study...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522574/single-cell-immune-profiling-by-mass-cytometry-of-newly-diagnosed-chronic-phase-chronic-myeloid-leukaemia-treated-with-nilotinib
#5
Stein-Erik Gullaksen, Jørn Skavland, Sonia Gavasso, Vinko Tosevski, Krzysztof Warzocha, Claudia Dumrese, Augustin Ferrant, Tobias Gedde-Dahl, Andrzej Hellmann, Jeroen Janssen, Boris Labar, Alois Lang, Waleed Majeed, Georgi Mihaylov, Jesper Stentoft, Leif Stenke, Josef Thaler, Noortje Thielen, Gregor Verhoef, Jaroslava Voglova, Gert Ossenkoppele, Andreas Hochhaus, Henrik Hjorth-Hansen, Satu Mustjoki, Sieghart Sopper, Francis Giles, Kimmo Porkka, Dominik Wolf, Bjørn Tore Gjertsen
Monitoring of single cell signal transduction in leukemic cellular subsets has been proposed to provide deeper understanding of disease biology and prognostication, but has so far not been tested in a clinical trial of targeted therapy. We developed a complete mass cytometry analysis pipeline for characterization of intracellular signal transduction patterns in the major leukocyte subsets of chronic phase chronic myeloid leukaemia. Changes in phosphorylated Bcr-Abl1 and its involved signalling pathways were readily identifiable in peripheral blood single cells already within 3 hours of per oral nilotinib dosing...
May 18, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521772/feasibility-and-relevance-of-compound-strain-imaging-in-non-stenotic-arteries-comparison-between-individuals-with-cardiovascular-diseases-and-healthy-controls
#6
Martijn F H Maessen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Ayla Grotens, Maria T E Hopman, Dick H J Thijssen, Hendrik H G Hansen
BACKGROUND: Compound strain imaging is a novel method to noninvasively evaluate arterial wall deformation which has recently shown to enable differentiation between fibrous and (fibro-)atheromatous plaques in patients with severe stenosis. We tested the hypothesis that compound strain imaging is feasible in non-stenotic arteries and provides incremental discriminative power to traditional measures of vascular health (i.e., distensibility coefficient (DC), central pulse wave velocity [cPWV], and intima-media thickness [IMT]) for differentiating between participants with and without a history of cardiovascular diseases (CVD)...
May 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515707/validation-of-repeated-endothelial-function-measurements-using-endopat-in-stroke
#7
Aina S Hansen, Jawad H Butt, Sonja Holm-Yildiz, William Karlsson, Christina Kruuse
BACKGROUND: Decreased endothelial function (EF) may be a prognostic marker for stroke. Measuring pharmacological effects on EF may be of interest in the development of personalized medicine for stroke prevention. In this study, we assessed the reliability of repeated EF measurements using a pulse amplitude tonometry technology in acute stroke patients. Similarly, reliability was tested in healthy subjects devoid of vascular disease to estimate reactivity and reliability in a younger non-stroke population...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513493/inflammatory-choroidal-neovascularization-in-indian-eyes-etiology-clinical-features-and-outcomes-to-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor
#8
Rupak Roy, Kumar Saurabh, Aditya Bansal, Amitabh Kumar, Anindya Kishore Majumdar, Swakshyar Saumya Paul
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study the clinical profile of inflammatory choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and its treatment response to intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab on pro re nata (PRN) basis in Indian eyes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of consecutive patients with inflammatory CNV treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) in a tertiary eye care center in Eastern India between 2009 and 2014...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507849/difference-in-success-treating-proximal-interphalangeal-and-metacarpophalangeal-joints-with-collagenase-results-of-208-treatments
#9
Karina Liv Hansen, Jens Christian Werlinrud, Søren Larsen, Tune Ipsen, Jens Lauritsen
BACKGROUND: Dupuytren disease (DD) is a fibroproliferative disorder of the palmar fasciae causing extension deficit and impaired hand function. Treatment with injection of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) is a nonsurgical treatment method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the difference in efficiency and recurrence at 12-month follow-up when treating metacarpophalangeal (MP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints with CCH. None of the patients had received previous treatments of their condition...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498092/barriers-to-esc-guideline-implementation-results-of-a-survey-from-the-european-council-on-cardiovascular-nursing-and-allied-professions-ccnap
#10
Gabrielle McKee, Mary Kerins, Glenys Hamilton, Tina Hansen, Jeroen Hendriks, Eleni Kletsiou, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Catriona Jennings, Donna Fitzsimons
BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has a comprehensive clinical guideline development programme, relevant for all clinicians. However, implementation of guidelines is not always optimal. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine nurses' and allied professionals' awareness and barriers regarding clinical guideline implementation. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administrated online and in print at EuroHeartCare 2015...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492084/prehospital-triage-of-patients-suffering-severe-dyspnoea-using-n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-the-prebnp-trial-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Morten T Bøtker, Maren T Jørgensen, Carsten Stengaard, Sophie-Charlott Seidenfaden, Mona Tarpgaard, Asger Granfeldt, Tanja Ø Mortensen, Thorbjørn Grøfte, Kristian D Friesgaard, Rikke Mærkedahl, Anette B Pedersen, Simon Lundorff, Troels Martin Hansen, Hans Kirkegaard, Erika F Christensen, Christian J Terkelsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the addition of brain natriuretic peptide measurement to the routine diagnostic work-up by prehospital critical care team physicians improves triage in patients with severe dyspnoea. METHODS: Prehospital critical care team physicians randomly assigned patients older than 18 years with severe dyspnoea to routine diagnostic work-up or diagnostic work-up with incorporated point-of-care N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) measurement...
May 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483820/lung-cancer-in-symptomatic-patients-presenting-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review-of-risk-prediction-tools
#12
Mia Schmidt-Hansen, Sabine Berendse, Willie Hamilton, David R Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths. Around 70% of patients first presenting to specialist care have advanced disease, at which point current treatments have little effect on survival. The issue for primary care is how to recognise patients earlier and investigate appropriately. This requires an assessment of the risk of lung cancer. AIM: The aim of this study was to systematically review the existing risk prediction tools for patients presenting in primary care with symptoms that may indicate lung cancer DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of primary care data...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476940/mechanisms-of-regulation-and-diversification-of-deubiquitylating-enzyme-function
#13
REVIEW
Pawel Leznicki, Yogesh Kulathu
Deubiquitylating (or deubiquitinating) enzymes (DUBs) are proteases that reverse protein ubiquitylation and therefore modulate the outcome of this post-translational modification. DUBs regulate a variety of intracellular processes, including protein turnover, signalling pathways and the DNA damage response. They have also been linked to a number of human diseases, such as cancer, and inflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders. Although we are beginning to better appreciate the role of DUBs in basic cell biology and their importance for human health, there are still many unknowns...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476195/tobacco-smoke-and-ras-mutations-among-latino-and-non-latino-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#14
Maneet Kaur, Adam J de Smith, Steve Selvin, Luoping Zhang, Marc Cunningham, Michelle W Kang, Helen M Hansen, Robert M Cooper, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Joseph L Wiemels, Catherine Metayer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a biologically heterogeneous disease, and mutations in the KRAS and NRAS oncogenes are present at diagnosis in about one-fifth of cases. Ras mutations were previously associated with environmental exposures in leukemias as well as in many other cancer types. This study examined whether Ras mutation could define a unique etiologic group of childhood ALL associated with tobacco smoke, a well-established mutagen and carcinogen...
November 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475456/brigatinib-in-patients-with-crizotinib-refractory-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-randomized-multicenter-phase-ii-trial
#15
Dong-Wan Kim, Marcello Tiseo, Myung-Ju Ahn, Karen L Reckamp, Karin Holmskov Hansen, Sang-We Kim, Rudolf M Huber, Howard L West, Harry J M Groen, Maximilian J Hochmair, Natasha B Leighl, Scott N Gettinger, Corey J Langer, Luis G Paz-Ares Rodríguez, Egbert F Smit, Edward S Kim, William Reichmann, Frank G Haluska, David Kerstein, D Ross Camidge
Purpose Most crizotinib-treated patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene ( ALK)-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (ALK-positive NSCLC) eventually experience disease progression. We evaluated two regimens of brigatinib, an investigational next-generation ALK inhibitor, in crizotinib-refractory ALK-positive NSCLC. Patients and Methods Patients were stratified by brain metastases and best response to crizotinib. They were randomly assigned (1:1) to oral brigatinib 90 mg once daily (arm A) or 180 mg once daily with a 7-day lead-in at 90 mg (180 mg once daily [with lead-in]; arm B)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473425/a-nationwide-non-medical-switch-from-originator-infliximab-to-biosimilar-ct-p13-in-802-patients-with-inflammatory-arthritis-1-year-clinical-outcomes-from-the-danbio-registry
#16
Bente Glintborg, Inge Juul Sørensen, Anne Gitte Loft, Hanne Lindegaard, Asta Linauskas, Oliver Hendricks, Inger Marie Jensen Hansen, Dorte Vendelbo Jensen, Natalia Manilo, Jakob Espesen, Mette Klarlund, Jolanta Grydehøj, Sabine Sparre Dieperink, Salome Kristensen, Jimmi Sloth Olsen, Henrik Nordin, Stavros Chrysidis, Dorte Dalsgaard Pedersen, Michael Veedfald Sørensen, Lis Smedegaard Andersen, Kathrine Lederballe Grøn, Niels Steen Krogh, Lars Pedersen, Merete Lund Hetland
OBJECTIVES: According to guidelines, a nationwide non-medical switch from originator (INX, Remicade) to biosimilar infliximab (Remsima, CT-P13) was conducted in Danish patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA). We investigated disease activity before/after switching and retention rates in the DANBIO registry. METHODS: Disease activities 3 months before and after switch and changes over time were calculated...
May 4, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469448/neurological-deficits-after-long-term-pyrethroid-exposure
#17
Martin Rune Hassan Hansen, Erik Jørs, Flemming Lander, Guido Condarco, Fróði Debes, Noemi Tirado Bustillos, Vivi Schlünssen
Pyrethroid pesticides have been suggested to be a cause of Parkinson disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. To investigate this, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 Bolivian public health vector program spray men, primarily exposed to pyrethroids. Pesticide exposure and central nervous system (CNS) symptoms were determined by a structured interview, whereas neuromotor and neurocognitive performance was assessed using the computerized Behavioral Assessment and Research System and CATSYS system...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467924/fgf21-is-a-sugar-induced-hormone-associated-with-sweet-intake-and-preference-in-humans
#18
Susanna Søberg, Camilla H Sandholt, Naja Z Jespersen, Ulla Toft, Anja L Madsen, Stephanie von Holstein-Rathlou, Trisha J Grevengoed, Karl B Christensen, Wender L P Bredie, Matthew J Potthoff, Thomas P J Solomon, Camilla Scheele, Allan Linneberg, Torben Jørgensen, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Matthew P Gillum, Niels Grarup
The liking and selective ingestion of palatable foods-including sweets-is biologically controlled, and dysfunction of this regulation may promote unhealthy eating, obesity, and disease. The hepatokine fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) reduces sweet consumption in rodents and primates, whereas knockout of Fgf21 increases sugar consumption in mice. To investigate the relevance of these findings in humans, we genotyped variants in the FGF21 locus in participants from the Danish Inter99 cohort (n = 6,514) and examined their relationship with a detailed range of food and ingestive behaviors...
May 2, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462861/long-term-exercise-adherence-after-public-health-training-in-at-risk-adults
#19
Trine Gro Riktrup Hansen Saida, Tina Juul Sørensen, Henning Langberg
OBJECTIVES: Sustainment of healthy exercise behavior is essential in preventing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Few studies have explored long-term exercise adherence after an exercise referral scheme. The objective of this study was to examine 12-month exercise adherence after an exercise intervention program. METHODS: This was a pragmatic follow-up study in at-risk people performed between June 2012 and January 2014. The main outcome measure was self-reported single-item exercise adherence...
April 24, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460486/small-rna-sequencing-reveals-metastasis-related-micrornas-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#20
Iben Daugaard, Morten T Venø, Yan Yan, Tina E Kjeldsen, Philippe Lamy, Henrik Hager, Jørgen Kjems, Lise Lotte Hansen
The majority of lung cancer deaths are caused by metastatic disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression and miRNA dysregulation can contribute to metastatic progression. Here, small RNA sequencing was used to profile the miRNA and piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA) transcriptomes in relation to lung cancer metastasis. RNA-seq was performed using RNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) lung adenocarcinomas (LAC) and brain metastases from 8 patients, and LACs from 8 patients without detectable metastatic disease...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
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