keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drug Treatment Review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929212/pharmacological-therapies-for-management-of-opium-withdrawal
#1
REVIEW
Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Jaleh Gholami, Laura Amato, Leila Hoseinie, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic therapies for management of heroin withdrawal have been studied and reviewed widely. Opium dependence is generally associated with less severe dependence and milder withdrawal symptoms than heroin. The evidence on withdrawal management of heroin might therefore not be exactly applicable for opium. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of various pharmacologic therapies for the management of the acute phase of opium withdrawal...
June 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929192/effect-of-antioxidant-vitamins-as-adjuvant-therapy-for-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-systematic-review-study
#2
REVIEW
Iman Ibrahim, Anthony Zeitouni, Sabrina Daniela da Silva
IMPORTANCE: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an otological emergency of unknown etiology. Recent reports showed that antioxidant drugs can benefit patients with SSNHL. This study attempted to evaluate the effect of adding antioxidant vitamins as an adjuvant therapy alongside with corticosteroids. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the 3 major antioxidant vitamins (A, C, and E) as an adjuvant therapy, administered with corticosteroids, for the treatment of SSNHL in adult patients (≥18 years)...
June 22, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928618/medication-patterns-and-fertility-rates-in-a-cohort-of-anabolic-steroid-users
#3
Ross A Avant, Cameron M Charchenko, Manaf Alom, Mary E Westerman, Francisco Maldonado, Tanner Miest, Landon Trost
Background: To describe self-reported medication patterns and fertility rates in a population of anabolic steroid (AS) users. Methods: We reviewed data from an online survey of AS users and identified a sub-group who had attempted to achieve a pregnancy with their partners while using AS. The online survey consisted of questions addressing demographics, AS use, ancillary medications, and fertility outcomes. Results: A total of 97 men (of 231 total respondents) had attempted to achieve a pregnancy while taking AS and comprise the current cohort...
May 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928522/relevance-of-nutritional-support-and-early-rehabilitation-in-hospitalized-patients-with-copd
#4
REVIEW
Ghislaine Gayan-Ramirez
Exacerbation of COPD is associated with a worsening of lung function and symptoms, and a serious loss in functional status and health related quality of life. It also represents the major cause for emergency hospitalization in COPD patients which places the patient at risk for developing further muscle weakness. Actually, loss of muscle function developed fast and continued to decrease over time during hospitalization and may be further compromised when disease deterioration would require the use of ventilator support...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928493/aptamers-novelty-tools-for-cancer-biology
#5
REVIEW
Ricardo L Pereira, Isis C Nascimento, Ana P Santos, Isabella E Y Ogusuku, Claudiana Lameu, Günter Mayer, Henning Ulrich
Although the term 'cancer' was still over two thousand years away of being coined, the first known cases of the disease date back to about 3000BC, in ancient Egypt. Five thousand years later, still lacking a cure, it has become one of the leading causes of death, killing over half a dozen million people yearly. So far, monoclonal antibodies are the most successful immune-therapy tools when it comes to fighting cancer. The number of clinical trials that use them has been increasing steadily during the past few years, especially since the Food and Drug Administration greenlit the use of the first immune-checkpoint blockade antibodies...
June 1, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928492/liquid-biopsy-in-pancreatic-cancer-the-beginning-of-a-new-era
#6
REVIEW
Dipesh Kumar Yadav, Xueli Bai, Rajesh Kumar Yadav, Alina Singh, Guogang Li, Tao Ma, Wei Chen, Tingbo Liang
With dismal survival rate pancreatic cancer remains one of the most aggressive and devastating malignancy. Predominantly, due to the absence of a dependable methodology for early identification and limited therapeutic options for advanced disease. However, it takes over 17 years to develop pancreatic cancer from initiation of mutation to metastatic cancer; therefore, if diagnosed early; it may increase overall survival dramatically, thus, providing a window of opportunity for early detection. Recently, genomic expression analysis defined 4 subtypes of pancreatic cancer based on mutated genes...
June 1, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928383/research-progress-on-common-adverse-events-caused-by-targeted-therapy-for-colorectal-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Bo Zhang, Chenyan Fang, Dehou Deng, Liang Xia
As targeted drug therapy is increasingly applied in the treatment of colon cancer, understanding and managing the adverse reactions of patients is becoming increasingly important. The present review examines the mechanisms of and adverse reactions to the most commonly used targeted drugs for colon cancer, and discusses methods of coping with these adverse reactions. Approved targeted drugs for metastatic colon cancer include monoclonal antibodies targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), including bevacizumab, ziv-aflibercept and regorafenib, and monoclonal antibodies targeting epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR), including cetuximab and panitumumab...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928263/prolactin-producing-pituitary-carcinoma-hypopituitarism-and-graves-disease-report-of-a-challenging-case-and-literature-review
#8
Rita Bettencourt-Silva, Josué Pereira, Sandra Belo, Daniela Magalhães, Joana Queirós, Davide Carvalho
Introduction: The diagnosis of pituitary carcinoma is very rare, requires the evidence of metastatic disease, and has a poor overall survival. Malignant prolactinoma frequently requires dopamine agonist therapy, pituitary surgery, radiotherapy, and even chemotherapy. Case description: A 19-year-old female presented with galactorrhea, primary amenorrhea, and left hemianopsia. Complementary study detected hyperprolactinemia and a pituitary macroadenoma with cavernous sinus invasion and suprasellar growth...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928161/the-role-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-the-management-of-upper-gastrointestinal-disorders
#9
Muhammad Ali Khan, Colin W Howden
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been in use since the early 1990s and play a crucial role in the management of a number of conditions affecting the upper gastrointestinal tract, including gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett esophagus, eosinophilic esophagitis, and dyspepsia. PPIs also play an important role in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection and in the prevention of upper gastrointestinal tract ulcers and bleeding among patients taking antiplatelet therapy and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
March 2018: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927715/personalized-herbal-medicine-a-roadmap-for-convergence-of-herbal-and-precision-medicine-biomarker-innovations
#10
Nicholas Ekow Thomford, Kevin Dzobo, Emile Chimusa, Kerstin Andrae-Marobela, Shadreck Chirikure, Ambroise Wonkam, Collet Dandara
While drugs remain the cornerstone of medicine, herbal medicine is an important comedication worldwide. Thus, precision medicine ought to face this clinical reality and develop "companion diagnostics" for drugs as well as herbal medicines. Yet, many are in denial with respect to the extent of use of traditional/herbal medicines, overlooking that a considerable number of contemporary therapeutic drugs trace their discovery from herbal medicines. This expert review underscores that absent such appropriate attention on both classical drug therapy and herbal medicines, precision medicine biomarkers will likely not stand the full test of clinical practice while patients continue to use both drugs and herbal medicines and, yet the biomarker research and applications focus only (or mostly) on drug therapy...
June 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927691/a-survey-of-payer-perspectives-on-cannabis-use-disorder
#11
Andrew M Kiselica, Amy Duhig, Ivan Montoya, Phil Skolnick, Jennifer Floyd, Cigi Byars
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use disorder (CUD) as described/defined in DSM 5, is characterized by impaired control of marijuana use and related personal, health, and legal consequences. CUD is a serious public health problem, affecting nearly 6 million individuals in the United States. There are no FDA approved medications to treat this disorder. The lack of available treatment options contributes to uncertainties by drug sponsors about formulary and reimbursement decision-making for CUD pharmacotherapies...
June 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927512/treatment-of-acquired-reactive-perforating-dermatosis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Judit Lukács, Sibylle Schliemann, Peter Elsner
Reactive perforating dermatosis is a rare chronic skin disease defined by the transepidermal elimination of collagen and/or elastin. In the acquired form in adults, it is frequently associated with diseases such as diabetes and chronic renal failure. No systematic reviews of treatment options are available for this disease. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize all reported treatment options for acquired reactive perforating dermatosis (ARPD). This is a systematic review based on a MEDLINE search of articles in English and German from 1990 to 2016...
June 21, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927498/tacrolimus-ointment-for-the-treatment-of-adult-and-pediatric-atopic-dermatitis-review-on-safety-and-benefits
#13
REVIEW
Mamitaro Ohtsuki, Hiroshi Morimoto, Hidemi Nakagawa
Atopic dermatitis (AD) requires long-term management, mainly with topical anti-inflammatory agents. Topical corticosteroids (TCS) and tacrolimus ointment (TAC-O) are recommended as first-line treatments for AD. However, the long-term use of TCS is limited by cutaneous adverse events such as skin atrophy. For TAC-O, Japanese and US labelings were updated in 2003 and 2006, respectively, to include a boxed warning about a theoretical risk of skin cancer and lymphoma in patients treated with topical calcineurin inhibitors...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926935/bacteria-bones-and-stones-managing-complications-of-short-bowel-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Erika Johnson, Long Vu, Laura E Matarese
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) occurs in patients who have had extensive resection. The primary physiologic consequence is malabsorption, resulting in fluid and electrolyte abnormalities and malnutrition. Nutrient digestion, absorption, and assimilation may also be diminished by disturbances in the production of bile acids and digestive enzymes. Small bowel dilation, dysmotility, loss of ileocecal valve, and anatomical changes combined with acid suppression and antimotility drugs increase the risk of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, further contributing to malabsorption...
June 21, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926816/natural-polyphenols-effects-on-protein-aggregates-in-alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-prion-like-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Aline Freyssin, Guylène Page, Bernard Fauconneau, Agnès Rioux Bilan
Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases are the most common neurodegenerative diseases. They are characterized by protein aggregates and so can be considered as prion-like disease. The major components of these deposits are amyloid peptide and tau for Alzheimer's disease, α-synuclein and synphilin-1 for Parkinson's disease. Drugs currently proposed to treat these pathologies do not prevent neurodegenerative processes and are mainly symptomatic therapies. Molecules inducing inhibition of aggregation or disaggregation of these proteins could have beneficial effects, especially if they have other beneficial effects for these diseases...
June 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926556/optimal-bronchodilation-for-copd-patients-are-all-long-acting-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-agonist-long-acting-muscarinic-antagonists-the-same
#16
REVIEW
Marc Miravitlles, Seungjae Baek, Vatsal Vithlani, Rahul Lad
Bronchodilators provide improvements in lung function and reductions in symptoms and exacerbations, and are the mainstay of pharmacological management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease strategy recommends the use of a combination of long-acting β₂-agonist/long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LABA/LAMA) as the first-line treatment option in the majority of symptomatic patients with COPD. This review provides an indirect comparison of available LABA/LAMA fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) through discussion of important efficacy and safety data from the key literature, with the objective of providing physicians with a framework for informed decision-making...
June 19, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926543/factors-associated-with-persistent-sputum-positivity-at-the-end-of-the-second-month-of-tuberculosis-treatment-in-lithuania
#17
Saulius Diktanas, Edita Vasiliauskiene, Katazyna Polubenko, Edvardas Danila, Indre Celedinaite, Evelina Boreikaite, Kipras Misiunas
BACKGROUND: Non-conversion of sputum smear and culture prolongs the infectivity of the patient and has been associated with unfavorable outcomes. We aimed to evaluate factors associated with persistent sputum positivity at the end of two months of treatment of new case pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: Data of 87 human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients with culture-positive drug-susceptible pulmonary TB admitted to local university hospital between September 2015 and September 2016 were reviewed...
June 19, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926527/vacuolar-atpase-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-and-mediator-of-treatment-resistance-in-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Bradleigh Whitton, Haruko Okamoto, Graham Packham, Simon J Crabb
Vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) is an ATP-dependent H+ -transporter that pumps protons across intracellular and plasma membranes. It consists of a large multi-subunit protein complex and influences a wide range of cellular processes. This review focuses on emerging evidence for the roles for V-ATPase in cancer. This includes how V-ATPase dysregulation contributes to cancer growth, metastasis, invasion and proliferation, and the potential link between V-ATPase and the development of drug resistance.
June 21, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926350/neprilysin-inhibitors-filling-a-gap-in-heart-failure-management-albeit-amidst-controversy-and-at-a-significant-cost
#19
REVIEW
Antonis S Manolis, Theodora A Manolis, Antonis A Manolis, Helen Melita
Dual angiotensin and neprilysin inhibition using the combination drug sacubitril-valsartan has ushered in a new era in the treatment of heart failure (HF). The randomized controlled PARADIGM-HF trial, which randomized 8399 patients with HF to enalapril or sacubitril-valsartan, showed a 20% reduction in mortality and HF hospitalization with the new drug. This has been heralded as a step toward filling a crucial gap in HF management by providing strong evidence that combined inhibition of the angiotensin receptor and neprilysin is superior to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system alone in stable patients with chronic HF as it negates the deleterious effects of angiotensin while concomitantly augmenting the beneficial effects of the endogenous natriuretic peptide system...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926309/role-of-prostaglandins-in-tumor-microenvironment
#20
Koji Kobayashi, Keisuke Omori, Takahisa Murata
Tumor tissue is composed of tumor cells and surrounding non-tumor endothelial and immune cells, collectively known as the tumor microenvironment. Tumor cells manipulate tumor microenvironment to obtain sufficient oxygen and nutrient supply, and evade anti-tumor immunosurveillance. Various types of signaling molecules, including cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, and lipid mediators, are secreted, which co-operate to make up the complex tumor microenvironment. Prostaglandins, cyclooxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid, are abundantly produced in tumor tissues...
June 20, 2018: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
keyword
keyword
8932
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"