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Benjamin A Thomas, Vesna Cuplov, Alexandre Bousse, Adriana Mendes, Kris Thielemans, Brian F Hutton, Kjell Erlandsson
Positron emission tomography (PET) images are degraded by a phenomenon known as the partial volume effect (PVE). Approaches have been developed to reduce PVEs, typically through the utilisation of structural information provided by other imaging modalities such as MRI or CT. These methods, known as partial volume correction (PVC) techniques, reduce PVEs by compensating for the effects of the scanner resolution, thereby improving the quantitative accuracy. The PETPVC toolbox described in this paper comprises a suite of methods, both classic and more recent approaches, for the purposes of applying PVC to PET data...
November 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Yang Liu, Saad M Khan, Juexin Wang, Mats Rynge, Yuanxun Zhang, Shuai Zeng, Shiyuan Chen, Joao V Maldonado Dos Santos, Babu Valliyodan, Prasad P Calyam, Nirav Merchant, Henry T Nguyen, Dong Xu, Trupti Joshi
BACKGROUND: With the advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and significant reductions in sequencing costs, it is now possible to sequence large collections of germplasm in crops for detecting genome-scale genetic variations and to apply the knowledge towards improvements in traits. To efficiently facilitate large-scale NGS resequencing data analysis of genomic variations, we have developed "PGen", an integrated and optimized workflow using the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) high-performance computing (HPC) virtual system, iPlant cloud data storage resources and Pegasus workflow management system (Pegasus-WMS)...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Giacomo Janson, Chengxin Zhang, Maria Giulia Prado, Alessandro Paiardini
MOTIVATION: The recently released PyMod GUI integrates many of the individual steps required for protein sequence-structure analysis and homology modeling within the interactive visualization capabilities of PyMOL. Here we describe the improvements introduced into the version 2.0 of PyMod. RESULTS: The original code of PyMod has been completely rewritten and improved in version 2.0 to extend PyMOL with packages such as Clustal Omega, PSIPRED and CAMPO. Integration with the popular web services ESPript and WebLogo is also provided...
October 13, 2016: Bioinformatics
Martin Adam, Heidi Fleischer, Kerstin Thurow
In the past year, automation has become more and more important in the field of elemental and structural chemical analysis to reduce the high degree of manual operation and processing time as well as human errors. Thus, a high number of data points are generated, which requires fast and automated data evaluation. To handle the preprocessed export data from different analytical devices with software from various vendors offering a standardized solution without any programming knowledge should be preferred. In modern laboratories, multiple users will use this software on multiple personal computers with different operating systems (e...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Laboratory Automation
Wei Shen, Shuai Le, Yan Li, Fuquan Hu
FASTA and FASTQ are basic and ubiquitous formats for storing nucleotide and protein sequences. Common manipulations of FASTA/Q file include converting, searching, filtering, deduplication, splitting, shuffling, and sampling. Existing tools only implement some of these manipulations, and not particularly efficiently, and some are only available for certain operating systems. Furthermore, the complicated installation process of required packages and running environments can render these programs less user friendly...
2016: PloS One
Kersten Döring, Björn A Grüning, Kiran K Telukunta, Philippe Thomas, Stefan Günther
Information extraction from biomedical literature is continuously growing in scope and importance. Many tools exist that perform named entity recognition, e.g. of proteins, chemical compounds, and diseases. Furthermore, several approaches deal with the extraction of relations between identified entities. The BioCreative community supports these developments with yearly open challenges, which led to a standardised XML text annotation format called BioC. PubMed provides access to the largest open biomedical literature repository, but there is no unified way of connecting its data to natural language processing tools...
2016: PloS One
Zhenjiang Zech Xu, David H Mathews
RNA secondary structure is often predicted using folding thermodynamics. RNAstructure is a software package that includes structure prediction by free energy minimization, prediction of base pairing probabilities, prediction of structures composed of highly probably base pairs, and prediction of structures with pseudoknots. A user-friendly graphical user interface is provided, and this interface works on Windows, Apple OS X, and Linux. This chapter provides protocols for using RNAstructure for structure prediction...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jorge González-Domínguez, Yongchao Liu, Juan Touriño, Bertil Schmidt
: MSAProbs is a state-of-the-art protein multiple sequence alignment tool based on hidden Markov models. It can achieve high alignment accuracy at the expense of relatively long runtimes for large-scale input datasets. In this work we present MSAProbs-MPI, a distributed-memory parallel version of the multithreaded MSAProbs tool that is able to reduce runtimes by exploiting the compute capabilities of common multicore CPU clusters. Our performance evaluation on a cluster with 32 nodes (each containing two Intel Haswell processors) shows reductions in execution time of over one order of magnitude for typical input datasets...
September 16, 2016: Bioinformatics
Santhilal Subhash, Chandrasekhar Kanduri
BACKGROUND: High-throughput technologies such as ChIP-sequencing, RNA-sequencing, DNA sequencing and quantitative metabolomics generate a huge volume of data. Researchers often rely on functional enrichment tools to interpret the biological significance of the affected genes from these high-throughput studies. However, currently available functional enrichment tools need to be updated frequently to adapt to new entries from the functional database repositories. Hence there is a need for a simplified tool that can perform functional enrichment analysis by using updated information directly from the source databases such as KEGG, Reactome or Gene Ontology etc...
2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Samuel S Shepard, Sarah Meno, Justin Bahl, Malania M Wilson, John Barnes, Elizabeth Neuhaus
BACKGROUND: Deep sequencing makes it possible to observe low-frequency viral variants and sub-populations with greater accuracy and sensitivity than ever before. Existing platforms can be used to multiplex a large number of samples; however, analysis of the resulting data is complex and involves separating barcoded samples and various read manipulation processes ending in final assembly. Many assembly tools were designed with larger genomes and higher fidelity polymerases in mind and do not perform well with reads derived from highly variable viral genomes...
September 5, 2016: BMC Genomics
Vinzent Boerner, Bruce Tier
BACKGROUND: The advent of genomic marker data has triggered the development of various Bayesian algorithms for estimation of marker effects, but software packages implementing these algorithms are not readily available, or are limited to a single algorithm, uni-variate analysis or a limited number of factors. Moreover, script based environments like R may not be able to handle large-scale genomic data or exploit model properties which save computing time or memory (RAM). RESULTS: BESSiE is a software designed for best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) and Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis of linear mixed models allowing for continuous and/or categorical multivariate, repeated and missing observations, various random and fixed factors and large-scale genomic marker data...
2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
I Gregor, A Schönhuth, A C McHardy
MOTIVATION: Gene assembly is an important step in functional analysis of shotgun metagenomic data. Nonetheless, strain aware assembly remains a challenging task, as current assembly tools often fail to distinguish among strain variants or require closely related reference genomes of the studied species to be available. RESULTS: We have developed Snowball, a novel strain aware gene assembler for shotgun metagenomic data that does not require closely related reference genomes to be available...
September 1, 2016: Bioinformatics
Mohammad Shabbir Hasan, Liqing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Insertions and Deletions (Indels) are the most common form of structural variation in human genome. Indels not only contribute to genetic diversity but also cause diseases. Therefore assessing indels in human genome has become an interesting topic to the research community. This increasing interest on indel calling research has resulted into the development of a good number of indel calling tools. However, all of these tools are command line based and require expertise from Computer Science (CS) to execute them which makes it challenging for researchers from non-CS background...
2016: BMC Genomics
Yvette Temate-Tiagueu, Sahar Al Seesi, Meril Mathew, Igor Mandric, Alex Rodriguez, Kayla Bean, Qiong Cheng, Olga Glebova, Ion Măndoiu, Nicole B Lopanik, Alexander Zelikovsky
BACKGROUND: Assessing pathway activity levels is a plausible way to quantify metabolic differences between various conditions. This is usually inferred from microarray expression data. Wide availability of NGS technology has triggered a demand for bioinformatics tools capable of analyzing pathway activity directly from RNA-Seq data. In this paper we introduce XPathway, a set of tools that compares pathway activity analyzing mapping of contigs assembled from RNA-Seq reads to KEGG pathways...
2016: BMC Genomics
Matthias Löbe, Thomas Ganslandt, Lydia Lotzmann, Sebastian Mate, Jan Christoph, Benjamin Baum, Murat Sariyar, Jie Wu, Sebastian Stäubert
Due to the specific needs of biomedical researchers, in-house development of software is widespread. A common problem is to maintain and enhance software after the funded project has ended. Even if many tools are made open source, only a couple of projects manage to attract a user basis large enough to ensure sustainability. Reasons for this include complex installation and configuration of biomedical software as well as an ambiguous terminology of the features provided; all of which make evaluation of software laborious...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Mercedeh Movassagh, Nawaf Alomran, Prakriti Mudvari, Merve Dede, Cem Dede, Kamran Kowsari, Paula Restrepo, Edmund Cauley, Sonali Bahl, Muzi Li, Wesley Waterhouse, Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath
We introduce RNA2DNAlign, a computational framework for quantitative assessment of allele counts across paired RNA and DNA sequencing datasets. RNA2DNAlign is based on quantitation of the relative abundance of variant and reference read counts, followed by binomial tests for genotype and allelic status at SNV positions between compatible sequences. RNA2DNAlign detects positions with differential allele distribution, suggesting asymmetries due to regulatory/structural events. Based on the type of asymmetry, RNA2DNAlign outlines positions likely to be implicated in RNA editing, allele-specific expression or loss, somatic mutagenesis or loss-of-heterozygosity (the first three also in a tumor-specific setting)...
August 30, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Gert-Jan Bekker, Haruki Nakamura, Akira R Kinjo
We have developed a new platform-independent web-based molecular viewer using JavaScript and WebGL. The molecular viewer, Molmil, has been integrated into several services offered by Protein Data Bank Japan and can be easily extended with new functionality by third party developers. Furthermore, the viewer can be used to load files in various formats from the user's local hard drive without uploading the data to a server. Molmil is available for all platforms supporting WebGL (e.g. Windows, Linux, iOS, Android) from http://gjbekker...
2016: Journal of Cheminformatics
S Piotto, L Di Biasi, R Fino, R Parisi, L Sessa, S Concilio
Molecular docking is a computational method employed to estimate the binding between a small ligand (the drug candidate) and a protein receptor that has become a standard part of workflow in drug discovery. Generally, when the binding site is known and a molecule is similar to known ligands, the most popular docking methods are rather accurate in the prediction of the geometry. Unfortunately, when the binding site is unknown, the blind docking analysis requires large computational resources and the results are often not accurate...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Laval Jacquin, Tuong-Vi Cao, Nourollah Ahmadi
One objective of this study was to provide readers with a clear and unified understanding of parametric statistical and kernel methods, used for genomic prediction, and to compare some of these in the context of rice breeding for quantitative traits. Furthermore, another objective was to provide a simple and user-friendly R package, named KRMM, which allows users to perform RKHS regression with several kernels. After introducing the concept of regularized empirical risk minimization, the connections between well-known parametric and kernel methods such as Ridge regression [i...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
Georgios Georgiou, Simon J van Heeringen
In this article we describe fluff, a software package that allows for simple exploration, clustering and visualization of high-throughput sequencing data mapped to a reference genome. The package contains three command-line tools to generate publication-quality figures in an uncomplicated manner using sensible defaults. Genome-wide data can be aggregated, clustered and visualized in a heatmap, according to different clustering methods. This includes a predefined setting to identify dynamic clusters between different conditions or developmental stages...
2016: PeerJ
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