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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055268/early-age-of-e-cigarette-use-onset-mediates-the-association-between-impulsivity-and-e-cigarette-use-frequency-in-youth
#1
Krysten W Bold, Meghan E Morean, Grace Kong, Patricia Simon, Deepa R Camenga, Dana A Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for youth e-cigarette use is critical, given high rates of e-cigarette use and unknown health effects of long-term use. The current study examined whether an early age of onset of e-cigarette use mediates the association between impulsivity and e-cigarette frequency. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data of e-cigarette users (n=927) were collected from 8 high schools in southeastern Connecticut. The sample was 44.7% female (mean age 16...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055168/long-term-safety-of-growth-hormone-a-combined-registry-analysis
#2
Kirstine Stochholm, Wieland Kiess
OBJECTIVES: Preliminary data from the French cohort of the Safety and Appropriateness of Growth hormone treatments in Europe (SAGhE) study raised concerns regarding the safety of recombinant human GH, suggesting that GH may increase mortality and incidence of stroke in patients treated during childhood for GH deficiency or short stature. We evaluated published safety data, focusing on mortality, neoplasms, cerebrovascular events and diabetes across a number of large-scale pharmaceutical company GH registries...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054833/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-disclosure-during-web-based-mental-health-e-screening-versus-paper-based-screening-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Dawn Kingston, Anne Biringer, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Rebecca Giallo, Sarah McDonald, Glenda MacQueen, Lydia Vermeyden, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women's perceptions of the risks and benefits during mental health screening impact their willingness to disclose concerns. Early research in violence screening suggests that such perceptions may vary by mode of screening, whereby women view the anonymity of e-screening as less risky than other approaches. Understanding whether mode of screening influences perceptions of risk and benefit of disclosure is important in screening implementation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the perceptions of pregnant women randomized to a Web-based screening intervention group and a paper-based screening control group on the level of risk and benefit they perceive in disclosing mental health concerns to their prenatal care provider...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054690/removable-rigid-dressings-for-postoperative-management-of-transtibial-amputations-a-review-of-published-evidence
#4
REVIEW
James P Reichmann, Phillip M Stevens, John Rheinstein, Christopher D Kreulen
Forty years of clinical experience and peer reviewed research studies support the use of non-weight bearing removable rigid dressings (RRD) as an effective means of post-operative management of transtibial amputations. We reviewed the published medical evidence regarding the use of RRDs as a postoperative management strategy, culminating in an evidence-based practice recommendation. Published peer reviewed literature on the topic was searched and classified by level of evidence based on the research design utilizing the scale recommended by the PM&R Journal (level I through V)...
October 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054672/optimizing-the-nitrogen-application-rate-for-maize-and-wheat-based-on-yield-and-environment-on-the-northern-china-plain
#5
Yitao Zhang, Hongyuan Wang, Qiuliang Lei, Jiafa Luo, Stuart Lindsey, Jizong Zhang, Limei Zhai, Shuxia Wu, Jingsuo Zhang, Xiaoxia Liu, Tianzhi Ren, Hongbin Liu
Optimizing the nitrogen (N) application rate can increase crop yield while reducing the environmental risks. However, the optimal N rates vary substantially when different targets such as maximum yield or maximum economic benefit are considered. Taking the wheat-maize rotation cropping system on the North China Plain as a case study, we quantified the variation of N application rates when targeting constraints on yield, economic performance, N uptake and N utilization, by conducting field experiments between 2011 and 2013...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054644/legionella-a-threat-to-groundwater-pathogen-transport-in-recharge-basin
#6
Lauren R McBurnett, Nathan T Holt, Absar Alum, Morteza Abbaszadegan
This study elucidates the potential risk posed by Legionella during aquifer recharge practices. Experiments were conducted using pilot-scale column simulating infiltration of bacterial surrogate and pathogen, E. coli and Legionella pneumophila, under central Arizona recharge basin conditions. A column was packed with a loamy sand media collected from a recharge basin and was fitted with six sampling ports at soil depths of 15, 30, 60, 92, 122cm and acclimated for a month with tertiary treated wastewater. Transport of Legionella appeared to be delayed compared to E...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054617/advantages-and-challenges-associated-with-implementing-an-ecosystem-services-approach-to-ecological-risk-assessment-for-chemicals
#7
Lorraine Maltby, Paul J van den Brink, Jack H Faber, Stuart Marshall
The ecosystem services (ES) approach is gaining broad interest in regulatory and policy arenas for use in landscape management and ecological risk assessment. It has the potential to bring greater ecological relevance to the setting of environmental protection goals and to the assessment of the ecological risk posed by chemicals. A workshop, organised under the auspices of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Europe, brought together scientific experts from European regulatory authorities, the chemical industry and academia to discuss and evaluate the challenges associated with implementing an ES approach to chemical ecological risk assessment (ERA)...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054482/the-effectiveness-of-an-obstructive-sleep-apnea-screening-and-treatment-program-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Lucas M Donovan, Michael Rueschman, Jia Weng, Nisha Basu, Katherine A Dudley, Jessie P Bakker, Rui Wang, Suzanne M Bertisch, Sanjay R Patel
AIMS: As recommended by current guidelines, we tested the acceptability and impact of screening patients with type 2 diabetes for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: In a large urban primary care practice, we instituted a telephone-based OSA screening program using a validated tool (STOP-BANG) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients identified as high risk were referred for diagnostic sleep testing, and those diagnosed with OSA were offered positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy...
October 17, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#9
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053978/patterns-of-change-in-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-predict-preterm-birth
#10
Chelsea Doktorchik, Shahirose Premji, Donna Slater, Tyler Williamson, Suzanne Tough, Scott Patten
BACKGROUND: To determine whether changes in anxiety and depression during pregnancy influence the risk of having a preterm birth (PTB), and whether chronic stress modifies this relationship. METHODS: The data source for the current study is the All Our Babies prospective cohort (AOB). Anxiety and depression were measured at 17-24 weeks and again at 32-36 weeks' gestation using the Spielberg State Anxiety Scale and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, respectively...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053977/suicidal-ideation-declines-with-improvement-in-the-subjective-symptoms-of-major-depression
#11
John G Keilp, Steven P Ellis, Marianne Gorlyn, Ainsley K Burke, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Michael F Grunebaum
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation appears to be more strongly associated with subjective rather than neurovegetative symptoms of depression. Effective treatment, then, should produce reductions in suicidal ideation to the degree that these subjective symptoms are alleviated relative to treatment effects on other symptoms. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial comparing paroxetine and bupropion for treatment of depression in patients with either suicidal ideation or past attempt, depression severity and suicidal ideation were assessed weekly during the 8-week study...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053974/depression-as-seen-through-the-eyes-of-rural-chinese-women-implications-for-help-seeking-and-the-future-of-mental-health-care-in-china
#12
Peiyuan Qiu, Eric D Caine, Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Marsha N Wittink
BACKGROUND: As part of a larger epidemiological study of depression among rural Chinese women, we sought to understand their explanatory models of depression. We explored how participants describe depression, to what cause they attribute depression, and what sources of treatment they would recommend. METHODS: Participants first were assessed with the Center for Epidemiological-Depression scale (CES-D), with a cut-point of 16 or greater indicative of depression. The Short Explanatory Model Interview (SEMI), a semi-structured questionnaire, was our primary tool for exploring participants' explanatory models relating to a vignette describing a rural Chinese woman with depression...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053929/characterizing-workforces-exposed-to-current-and-emerging-non-carbonaceous-nanomaterials-in-the-u-s
#13
Kelsey R Babik, Matthew M Dahm, Kevin H Dunn, Kevin L Dunn, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan
OBJECTIVE: Toxicology studies suggest that exposure to certain types of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) may cause adverse health effects, but little is known about the workforce in the United States that produces or uses these materials. In addition, occupational exposure control strategies in this industry are not well characterized. This study identified US ENM manufacturers and users (other than carbon nanotubes and nanofibers, which have been characterized elsewhere), determined workforce size, characterized types and quantities of materials used, occupational exposure control strategies, and the feasibility of occupational ENM exposure studies...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053836/long-term-disability-progression-in-primary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-15-year-study
#14
Maria A Rocca, Maria Pia Sormani, Marco Rovaris, Domenico Caputo, Angelo Ghezzi, Enrico Montanari, Antonio Bertolotto, Alice Laroni, Roberto Bergamaschi, Vittorio Martinelli, Giancarlo Comi, Massimo Filippi
Prognostic markers of primary progressive multiple sclerosis evolution are needed. We investigated the added value of magnetic resonance imaging measures of brain and cervical cord damage in predicting long-term clinical worsening of primary progressive multiple sclerosis compared to simple clinical assessment. In 54 patients, conventional and diffusion tensor brain scans and cervical cord T1-weighted scans were acquired at baseline and after 15 months. Clinical evaluation was performed after 5 and 15 years in 49 patients...
September 27, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053810/associations-between-cellular-aging-markers-and-metabolic-syndrome-findings-from-the-cardia-study
#15
Dóra Révész, Josine E Verhoeven, Martin Picard, Jue Lin, Stephen Sidney, Elissa S Epel, Brenda W J H Penninx, Eli Puterman
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is thought to promote biological aging, which might lead to cardiovascular and aging-related complications. This large-scale study investigated longitudinal relationships between MetS, its components, and cellular aging markers: leukocyte mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) and telomere length (TL). Methods: We included 989 participants from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. MtDNAcn (CARDIA Years 15, 25) and TL (Y15, Y20, Y25) were measured using quantitative PCR...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052928/relationship-between-physical-activity-levels-and-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-adults
#16
Songee Jung, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Masakazu Imaoka, Kazuhiro Harada, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to obtain data from 3191 community-dwelling older Japanese adults aged 70-95 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed using self-reported scores on the Geriatric Depression Scale-15. PA was objectively measured using an accelerometer worn for a maximum of 40 days, and average daily durations of light-intensity PA (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) and step count were calculated...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052742/-triple-arthrodesis-for-correction-of-cavovarus-deformity
#17
REVIEW
A Barg, R Ruiz, B Hintermann
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to correct the underlying cavovarus deformity and to achieve a pain-free and stable hindfoot. INDICATIONS: Rigid neurologic, posttraumatic, congenital, and idiopathic cavovarus deformities. CONTRAINDICATIONS: General surgical or anesthesiological risks, infections, critical soft tissue conditions, neurovascular impairment of the lower extremity, noncompliance, patients with severely reduced bone quality, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, smoking...
October 20, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052709/association-of-prognostic-factors-and-immunosuppressive-treatment-with-long-term-outcomes-in-neurosarcoidosis
#18
Bastien Joubert, Catherine Chapelon-Abric, Lucie Biard, David Saadoun, Sophie Demeret, Didier Dormont, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Patrice Cacoub
Importance: Prognostic factors are lacking in neurosarcoidosis (NS), and the association of immunosuppressive treatments with outcomes are unclear. Objectives: To identify prognostic factors of and analyze the association of immunosuppressive treatment with relapse of NS. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective study, a cohort of 234 patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for NS in a tertiary referral center in Paris, France, from January 1, 1990, through December 31, 2015...
October 9, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052542/wide-area-measurement-system-based-supervision-of-protection-schemes-with-minimum-number-of-phasor-measurement-units
#19
Swaroop Gajare, J Ganeswara Rao, O D Naidu, Ashok Kumar Pradhan
Cascade tripping of power lines triggered by maloperation of zone-3 relays during stressed system conditions, such as load encroachment, power swing and voltage instability, has led to many catastrophic power failures worldwide, including Indian blackouts in 2012. With the introduction of wide-area measurement systems (WAMS) into the grids, real-time monitoring of transmission network condition is possible. A phasor measurement unit (PMU) sends time-synchronized data to a phasor data concentrator, which can provide a control signal to substation devices...
August 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052355/using-the-sapas-to-identify-risk-for-personality-disorders-among-psychiatric-outpatients-in-india-a-feasibility-study
#20
Simeon Innocent, Priyanka Podder, Jai Ranjan Ram, Kirsten Barnicot, Piyal Sen
Personality disorders (PDs) are common among psychiatric outpatients and are associated with increased morbidity and worse treatment outcomes. Epidemiological research conducted among this population in Asian countries is limited, reflecting a significant gap in the current literature. One barrier to this research is the lack of appropriate screening tools. The current research assessed the feasibility of using the SAPAS (Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale) screening tool to identify individuals at high risk of PD in an Indian psychiatric outpatient population and provides an initial estimate of PD prevalence by using a validated diagnostic interview, the ICD-10 International Personality Disorder Examination...
October 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
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