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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719770/household-exposure-to-livestock-and-health-in-the-chililab-hdss-cohort-vietnam
#1
Sinh Dang-Xuan, Lauren E MacDonald, Janna M Schurer, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Phuc Pham-Duc
In Vietnam, pigs and poultry are predominantly produced by small-scale farmers, creating challenges for zoonotic disease management. The objective of this study was to characterize practices related to livestock and manure management and to measure association with 3 self-reported health symptoms (coughing, fever, and diarrhea/nausea/vomiting) in a region currently undergoing health transitions. We analyzed cross-sectional survey data collected from a subset (N = 5520) of the Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System cohort in Chi Linh district, Vietnam...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719478/a-review-of-nonfatal-drowning-in-the-pediatric-age-group-a-10-year-experience-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Faisal O Al-Qurashi, Abdullah A Yousef, Abdullah Aljoudi, Saleh M Alzahrani, Nasser Y Al-Jawder, Abdulrahman K Al-Ahmar, Mosab S Al-Majed, Hussam M Abouollo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nonfatal drowning experience, risk factors, intrahospital assessment and postincidental outcomes for children admitted to King Fahd Hospital of the University, AlKhobar, Saudi Arabia, over a 10-year period. METHODS: Children up to the age of 14 years who were admitted with the diagnosis of nonfatal drowning from July 2005 to June 2015 were included. Data regarding demographics, timing, season and location of drowning, presence of an assigned lifeguard, duration of submersion and transport to hospital, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, initial Glasgow Coma Scale, temperature, pH, blood sugar level, total hospital stay, and discharge status were extrapolated, and their effects on the patient's outcome analyzed...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719421/lifelong-estradiol-exposure-and-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-during-the-transition-to-menopause-and-postmenopause
#3
Wendy K Marsh, Joyce T Bromberger, Sybil L Crawford, Katherine Leung, Howard M Kravitz, John F Randolph, Hadine Joffe, Claudio N Soares
OBJECTIVE: Depression risk increases during the menopausal transition (MT) and initial postmenopausal years-both times of significant fluctuations of estrogen. Research to date provides limited support for the hypothesis that estrogen fluctuations play a role in the greater susceptibility to midlife depression. Importantly, not all women report depressive symptoms during the MT, and recent reports suggest that duration of exposure to estradiol throughout the adult years may also play a role in vulnerability to depression...
July 17, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719364/is-there-a-link-between-self-perceived-stress-and-physical-activity-levels-in-scottish-adolescents
#4
Joe Cowley, John Kiely, Dave Collins
Purpose Accumulating life stress is a driving factor underlying the most pervasive, incapacitating health conditions in 21st century, First World societies. The most widely supported strategy, for remediating the negative health consequences of elevated life stress, is physical activity (PA). Evidence also suggests accumulating life stress impedes PA uptake. Thus, ironically, persistently elevated life stress not only negatively impacts multiple dimensions of health, simultaneously it may also reduce likelihood of participation in the most effective remediating strategy, PA...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719317/climate-influence-on-emerging-risk-areas-for-rift-valley-fever-epidemics-in-tanzania
#5
Clement N Mweya, Leonard E G Mboera, Sharadhuli I Kimera
Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a climate-related arboviral infection of animals and humans. Climate is thought to represent a threat toward emerging risk areas for RVF epidemics globally. The objective of this study was to evaluate influence of climate on distribution of suitable breeding habitats for Culex pipiens complex, potential mosquito vector responsible for transmission and distribution of disease epidemics risk areas in Tanzania. We used ecological niche models to estimate potential distribution of disease risk areas based on vectors and disease co-occurrence data approach...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719289/what-is-a-hotspot-anyway
#6
Justin Lessler, Andrew S Azman, Heather S McKay, Sean M Moore
AbstractThe importance of spatial clusters, or "hotspots," in infectious disease epidemiology has been increasingly recognized, and targeting hotspots is often seen as an important component of disease-control strategies. However, the precise meaning of "hotspot" varies widely in current research and policy documents. Hotspots have been variously described as areas of elevated incidence or prevalence, higher transmission efficiency or risk, or higher probability of disease emergence. This ambiguity has led to confusion and may result in mistaken inferences regarding the best way to target interventions...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719226/learned-helplessness-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-african-american-females
#7
Laura Pittiglio
Research involving adolescent and young African American (AA) females has demonstrated that they face uncontrollable obstacles which can interfere with the negotiation of safer sexual behaviors. If these obstacles are perceived as uncontrollable, then these females may be at risk for the development of Learned Helplessness (LH). As the LH model predicts, if these obstacles are believed not to be in their control, it may lead to deficits in motivational or cognitive decision-making, deficits that could certainly influence their sexual risk taking behaviors...
July 18, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718712/comparison-of-domains-of-self-reported-physical-activity-between-kenyan-adult-urban-slum-dwellers-and-national-estimates
#8
Hilde E Groot, Stella K Muthuri
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) - largely the result of modifiable behavioral risks such as physical inactivity that gradually develop into physiological risks - are a main cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Kenya, a nationally representative STEPwise survey of risk factors for NCDs established that 10.8% of Kenyans accumulated low levels of total physical activity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of our analyses was to compare domains of self-reported physical activity in two Nairobi slums to national estimates...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718506/felbamate-as-an-add-on-therapy-for-refractory-partial-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Li Li Shi, JianCheng Dong, HengJian Ni, JinSong Geng, Taixiang Wu
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 7, 2014) on 'Felbamate as an add-on therapy for refractory epilepsy'. Epilepsy is a chronic and disabling neurologic disorder, affecting approximately 1% of the population. Up to 30% of people with epilepsy have seizures that are resistant to currently available drugs. Felbamate is one of the second-generation antiepileptic drugs and we have assessed its effects as an add-on therapy to standard drugs in this review...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718048/joint-effects-of-gwas-snps-in-coagulation-system-confer-risk-to-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#10
Yanyan Cao, Min Tian, Qin Fang, Zheng Wen, Wei Wang, Hu Ding, Dao Wen Wang
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with coagulation system, including hemostatic factors and hematological phenotypes. However, few articles described the relationships between these SNPs and the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. The aim of our study was to evaluate the roles of these SNPs as risk factors and survival predictors for hemorrhagic stroke. Thirteen SNPs from GWAS in coagulation system were genotyped in a Chinese Han population including 1000 patients with hemorrhagic stroke (intracerebral hemorrhage, ICH = 743; subarachnoid hemorrhage, SAH = 257) and 1044 population-based controls...
July 17, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717806/vitamin-d-status-and-the-risk-of-recurrent-stroke-and-mortality-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-data-from-a-24-month-follow-up-study-in-china
#11
H Qiu, M Wang, D Mi, J Zhao, W Tu, Q Liu
PURPOSE: In this study, we determined serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] levels in serum, and investigated their associations with risk of recurrent stroke and mortality in a 24-month follow up study in Chinese patients with first-ever ischemic stroke. METHODS: In this preplanned post hoc analysis, serum levels of 25(OH) D and NIH stroke scale (NIHSS) were measured at the time of admission in a cohort of patients with ischemic stroke. We used logistic regression model to assess the relationship between 25(OH) D levels and risk recurrent stroke or mortality...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717750/fear-of-treatments-surpasses-demographic-and-socioeconomic-factors-in-affecting-patients-with-breast-cancer-in-urban-south-africa
#12
Sarah Rayne, Kathryn Schnippel, Cynthia Firnhaber, Kathryne Wright, Deirdre Kruger, Carol-Ann Benn
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer in women in South Africa, and often patients present late. There is little understanding of the psychosocial stresses affecting women with breast cancer in Africa. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 263 patients with breast cancer at two sites (one government and one private facility) in Johannesburg. Self-reported levels of fear were recorded on summative scales and their relationship to demographic variables assessed through univariable and multivariable modified Poisson regression...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717517/knowledge-mapping-visualization-analysis-of-the-military-health-and-medicine-papers-published-in-the-web-of-science-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years
#13
Xuan-Ming Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Xu Luo, Hai-Tao Guo, Li-Qun Zhang, Ji-Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: Military medicine is a research field that seeks to solve the medical problems that occur in modern war conditions based on public medicine theory. METHODS: We explore the main research topics of military health and medical research in the web of science™ core collection (WoSCC) from 2007 to 2016, and the goal of this work is to serve as a reference for orientation and development in military health and medicine. Based on CiteSpace III, a reference co-citation analysis is performed for 7921 papers published in the WoSCC from 2007 to 2016...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717383/what-influences-feeding-decisions-for-hiv-exposed-infants-in-rural-kenya
#14
Helen M Nabwera, Joyline Jepkosgei, Kelly W Muraya, Amin S Hassan, Catherine S Molyneux, Rehema Ali, Andrew M Prentice, James A Berkley, Martha K Mwangome
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding in the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) poses unique challenges to mothers and healthcare workers in balancing the perceived risks of HIV transmission and nutritional requirements. We aimed to describe the decision-making processes around infant feeding at a rural HIV clinic in Kenya. METHODS: We used a qualitative study design. Between March and August 2011, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 9) and focus group discussions (n = 10) with purposively selected hospital and community respondents at Kilifi County Hospital, Kenya...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717382/neurological-soft-signs-in-tunisian-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis-and-relation-with-cannabis-use
#15
Ahmed Mhalla, Bochra Ben Mohamed, Christoph U Correll, Badii Amamou, Anouar Mechri, Lotfi Gaha
BACKGROUND: Neurological soft signs (NSS) are minor non-localizing neurological abnormalities that are conceptualized as neurodevelopmental markers that mediate the biological risk for psychosis. We aimed to explore the relationship between NSS and cannabis use, an environmental risk factor of psychosis. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in consecutively admitted patients hospitalized for first-episode psychosis. NSS were assessed by the NSS scale (23 items exploring motor coordination, motor integrative function, sensory integration, involuntary movements or posture, quality of lateralization)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717107/human-plasma-and-urinary-metabolic-profiles-of-trimethylamine-and-trimethylamine-n-oxide-extrapolated-using-a-simple-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-model
#16
Makiko Shimizu, Hiroshi Yamazaki
Trimethylamine, a dietary- and medicinal carnitine-derived amine, is extensively metabolized by liver to non-malodorous trimethylamine N-oxide. Although trimethylamine and trimethylamine N-oxide under daily dietary consumption or carnitine treatment are generally regarded as nontoxic, they have been, and remain, of toxicological and clinical interest because of their potential association with atherosclerosis. The aim of the current study was to model the pharmacokinetics of trimethylamine after oral administration of trimethylamine in humans and compare the results with reported measured values...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716532/multivariate-analyses-of-peripheral-blood-leukocyte-transcripts-distinguish-alzheimer-s-parkinson-s-control-and-those-at-risk-for-developing-alzheimer-s
#17
Elaine Delvaux, Diego Mastroeni, Jennifer Nolz, Nienwen Chow, Marwan Sabbagh, Richard J Caselli, Eric M Reiman, Frederick J Marshall, Paul D Coleman
The need for a reliable, simple, and inexpensive blood test for Alzheimer's disease (AD) suitable for use in a primary care setting is widely recognized. This has led to a large number of publications describing blood tests for AD, which have, for the most part, not been replicable. We have chosen to examine transcripts expressed by the cellular, leukocyte compartment of blood. We have used hypothesis-based cDNA arrays and quantitative PCR to quantify the expression of selected sets of genes followed by multivariate analyses in multiple independent samples...
June 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716506/how-to-prevent-burnout-in-cardiologists-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-gaps-and-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Maria Panagioti, Keith Geraghty, Judith Johnson
Burnout is rising in all physicians, and cardiologists are not an exemption. Cardiology is a very popular specialty among medical students as it is associated with outstanding training standards and high prestige and income. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence on consequences, causes, and evidence-based interventions for burnout with a view toward recommending the best strategies for promoting wellness in cardiologists. Only a handful of studies have examined burnout specifically in cardiologists...
July 4, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716236/abnormal-glucose-regulation-hypoglycemic-treatment-during-hospitalization-and-prognosis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#19
Zhengbao Zhu, Jingyuan Yang, Chongke Zhong, Tan Xu, Aili Wang, Xiaoqing Bu, Yanbo Peng, Hao Peng, Tian Xu, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Yingxian Sun, Jing Chen, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: To examine the effect of abnormal glucose regulation on prognosis and whether hypoglycemic treatment during hospitalization improves prognosis in acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 3882 acute ischemic stroke patients with an elevated systolic blood pressure between 140mmHg and 220mmHg were included in the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke (CATIS). The primary outcome was a combination of death and major disability (modified Rankin Scale score≥3) at 3months after stroke...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716217/comparison-of-all-19-published-prognostic-scores-for-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#20
Jarno Satopää, Satu Mustanoja, Atte Meretoja, Jukka Putaala, Markku Kaste, Mika Niemelä, Turgut Tatlisumak, Daniel Strbian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We evaluated the accuracy of 19 published prognostic scores to find the best tool for predicting mortality after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A retrospective single-center analysis of consecutive patients with ICH (n=1013). After excluding patients with missing data (n=131), we analyzed 882 patients for 3-month (primary outcome), in-hospital, and 12-month mortality. We analyzed the strength of the individual score components and calculated the c-statistics, Youden index, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive value (NPV and PPV) for the scores...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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