keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

risk scale

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475135/the-multiplicative-effect-of-combining-alcohol-with-energy-drinks-on-adolescent-gambling
#1
Alessio Vieno, Natale Canale, Roberta Potente, Marco Scalese, Mark D Griffiths, Sabrina Molinaro
PURPOSE: There has been increased concern about the negative effects of adolescents consuming a combination of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED). To date, few studies have focused on AmED use and gambling. The present study analyzed the multiplicative effect of AmED consumption, compared to alcohol alone, on the likelihood of at-risk or problem gambling during adolescence. METHODS: Data from the ESPAD®Italia 2015 study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in a nationally representative sample of students (ages 15 to 19years) were used to examine the association between self-reported AmED use (≥6 times,≥10 times, and ≥20 times during the last month) and self-reported gambling severity...
February 20, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475102/predictors-of-benzodiazepine-use-in-a-transdiagnostic-sample-of-panic-disorder-social-anxiety-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-patients
#2
Luana D Laurito, Carla P Loureiro, Rafaela V Dias, Paula Vigne, Gabriela B de Menezes, Rafael C Freire, Ulrich Stangier, Leonardo F Fontenelle
We investigated the rates of current and past benzodiazepine (BZD) use in a sample of 102 subjects attending specialized anxiety disorder clinics, including panic disorder (PD; N = 36), social anxiety disorder (SAD; N = 28) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; N = 38) patients. Almost 56% of the entire sample was using BZDs at the moment of the assessment, and 74.5% described having used them at some point during their lifetimes. The duration of psychiatric treatment and a lifetime history of PD, but not any other "transdiagnostic" measure of severity (such as the Panic and Agoraphobia Scale, the Social Phobia Inventory, the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-36, and the Beck Inventories) were independent risk factors for current prescription of BZDs...
February 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474934/design-and-statistical-considerations-for-studies-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-single-dose-of-the-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine
#3
Joshua N Sampson, Allan Hildesheim, Rolando Herrero, Paula Gonzalez, Aimee Kreimer, Mitchell H Gail
Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer mortality in women worldwide. Human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 cause about 70% of all cervical cancers. Clinical trials have demonstrated that three doses of either commercially available HPV vaccine, Cervarix or Gardasil, prevent most new HPV 16/18 infections and associated precancerous lesions. Based on evidence of immunological non-inferiority, 2-dose regimens have been licensed for adolescents in the United States, European Union, and elsewhere. However, if a single dose were effective, vaccine costs would be reduced substantially and the logistics of vaccination would be greatly simplified, enabling vaccination programs in developing countries...
February 20, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474848/urology-consultation-and-emergency-department-revisits-for-children-with-urinary-stone-disease
#4
Jane Kurtzman, Lihai Song, Michelle E Ross, Charles D Scales, David I Chu, Gregory E Tasian
PURPOSE: To determine the association between urology consultation and emergency department (ED) revisits for children with urinary stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients ≤18 years-old who presented to an ED in South Carolina with a urinary stone from 1997-2015. The primary exposure was urology consultation during the index ED visit. The primary outcome was a stone-related ED revisit occurring within 180 days of discharge from an index ED visit...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474665/catastrophizing-interferes-with-cognitive-modulation-of-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#5
Laura D Ellingson, Aaron J Stegner, Isaac J Schwabacher, Jacob B Lindheimer, Dane B Cook
Background: Pain modulation is a critical function of the nociceptive system that includes the ability to engage descending pain control systems to maintain a functional balance between facilitation and inhibition of incoming sensory stimuli. Dysfunctional pain modulation is associated with increased risk for chronic pain and is characteristic of fibromyalgia (FM). Catastrophizing is also common in FM. However, its influence on pain modulation is poorly understood. Objective: To determine the role of catastrophizing on central nervous system processing during pain modulation in FM via examining brain responses and pain sensitivity during an attention-distraction paradigm...
February 21, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474657/a-comprehensive-framework-identifying-readmission-risk-factors-using-the-chaid-algorithm-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
SiDiKA Kaya, Gulay Sain Guven, Seda Aydan, Onur Toka
Objective: To identify frequency of readmission after discharge from internal-medicine wards, readmission risk factors, and reasons and costs of readmission. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: A tertiary-care hospital in Turkey. Participants: 2622 adult patients discharged from internal-medicine wards of the hospital between 1 February 2015 and 31 January 2016. Main outcome measures: Thirty day all-cause readmission rates, reasons and costs of readmission...
February 21, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474504/the-first-in-vivo-multiparametric-comparison-of-different-radiation-exposure-biomarkers-in-human-blood
#7
Ales Tichy, Sylwia Kabacik, Grainne O'Brien, Jaroslav Pejchal, Zuzana Sinkorova, Adela Kmochova, Igor Sirak, Andrea Malkova, Caterina Gomila Beltran, Juan Ramon Gonzalez, Jakub Grepl, Matthaeus Majewski, Elizabeth Ainsbury, Lenka Zarybnicka, Jana Vachelova, Alzbeta Zavrelova, Marie Davidkova, Marketa Markova Stastna, Michael Abend, Eileen Pernot, Elisabeth Cardis, Christophe Badie
The increasing risk of acute large-scale radiological/nuclear exposures of population underlines the necessity of developing new, rapid and high throughput biodosimetric tools for estimation of received dose and initial triage. We aimed to compare the induction and persistence of different radiation exposure biomarkers in human peripheral blood in vivo. Blood samples of patients with indicated radiotherapy (RT) undergoing partial body irradiation (PBI) were obtained soon before the first treatment and then after 24 h, 48 h, and 5 weeks; i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474501/risk-assessment-and-hba1c-measurement-in-norwegian-community-pharmacies-to-identify-people-with-undiagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-feasibility-study
#8
Aslaug Johanne Risøy, Reidun Lisbet Skeide Kjome, Sverre Sandberg, Una Ørvim Sølvik
OBJECTIVES: Determine the feasibility of using a diabetes risk assessment tool followed by HbA1c-measurement in a community-pharmacy setting in Norway. METHODS: In this longitudinal study two pharmacists in each of three community pharmacies were trained to perform risk assessments, HbA1c-measurements and counselling. Pharmacy customers who were > 18 years old and could understand and speak Norwegian or English were recruited in the pharmacies during a two-months-period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474487/empirical-relationships-between-tree-fall-and-landscape-level-amounts-of-logging-and-fire
#9
David B Lindenmayer, Wade Blanchard, David Blair, Lachlan McBurney, John Stein, Sam C Banks
Large old trees are critically important keystone structures in forest ecosystems globally. Populations of these trees are also in rapid decline in many forest ecosystems, making it important to quantify the factors that influence their dynamics at different spatial scales. Large old trees often occur in forest landscapes also subject to fire and logging. However, the effects on the risk of collapse of large old trees of the amount of logging and fire in the surrounding landscape are not well understood. Using an 18-year study in the Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans) forests of the Central Highlands of Victoria, we quantify relationships between the probability of collapse of large old hollow-bearing trees at a site and the amount of logging and the amount of fire in the surrounding landscape...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474439/the-zoonotic-potential-of-clostridium-difficile-from-small-companion-animals-and-their-owners
#10
Denise Rabold, Werner Espelage, Muna Abu Sin, Tim Eckmanns, Alexander Schneeberg, Heinrich Neubauer, Nadine Möbius, Katja Hille, Lothar H Wieler, Christian Seyboldt, Antina Lübke-Becker
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in humans range from asymptomatic carriage to life-threatening intestinal disease. Findings on C. difficile in various animal species and an overlap in ribotypes (RTs) suggest potential zoonotic transmission. However, the impact of animals for human CDI remains unclear. METHODS: In a large-scale survey we collected 1,447 fecal samples to determine the occurrence of C. difficile in small companion animals (dogs and cats) and their owners and to assess potential epidemiological links within the community...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474299/descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-dmek-under-previous-dmek-for-secondary-endothelial-graft-failure
#11
Jorge L Alió Del Barrio, Alfredo Vega-Estrada, Jorge L Alió
PURPOSE: To describe an alternative treatment option for secondary Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) graft failure, using a second DMEK graft without primary graft removal ("DMEK under DMEK"). METHODS: A 72-year-old patient with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy in the left eye underwent an 8.25-mm second DMEK under an 8.5-mm failed DMEK because of previous graft rejection and subsequent secondary failure. RESULTS: Corrected distance visual acuity improved from 0...
February 22, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474293/predicting-pain-levels-following-vaginal-reconstructive-surgery-who-is-at-highest-risk
#12
Abigail Shatkin-Margolis, Catrina C Crisp, Christopher Morrison, Rachel N Pauls
OBJECTIVES: An ability to anticipate individuals at increased risk of postoperative pain would improve coordination of care and patient satisfaction. We sought to describe predictive factors of postoperative pain following vaginal reconstructive surgery. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved, retrospective study used previously collected data from research performed at 1 center from 2009 to 2015. Eligible trials enrolled subjects undergoing vaginal reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474173/possibility-of-database-research-as-a-means-of-pharmacovigilance-in-japan-based-on-a-comparison-with-sertraline-postmarketing-surveillance
#13
Yoko Hirano, Yuko Asami, Kazuhiko Kuribayashi, Shigeru Kitazaki, Yuji Yamamoto, Yoko Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: Many pharmacoepidemiologic studies using large-scale databases have recently been utilized to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs in Western countries. In Japan, however, conventional methodology has been applied to postmarketing surveillance (PMS) to collect safety and effectiveness information on new drugs to meet regulatory requirements. Conventional PMS entails enormous costs and resources despite being an uncontrolled observational study method. This study is aimed at examining the possibility of database research as a more efficient pharmacovigilance approach by comparing a health care claims database and PMS with regard to the characteristics and safety profiles of sertraline-prescribed patients...
June 20, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474129/reliability-validity-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-the-mini-bestest-in-greek-participants-with-chronic-stroke
#14
Sofia I Lampropoulou, Evdokia Billis, Ingrid A Gedikoglou, Christina Michailidou, Alexander V Nowicky, Dimitra Skrinou, Fotini Michailidi, Danae Chandrinou, Margarita Meligoni
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the psychometric characteristics of reliability, validity and ability to detect change of a newly developed balance assessment tool, the Mini-BESTest, in Greek patients with stroke. DESIGN: A prospective, observational design study with test-retest measures was conducted. METHODS: A convenience sample of 21 Greek patients with chronic stroke (14 male, 7 female; age of 63 ± 16 years) was recruited...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474007/predictors-and-moderators-of-relapse-in-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#15
Beth D Kennard, Taryn L Mayes, Zohra Chahal, Paul A Nakonezny, Alexandra Moorehead, Graham J Emslie
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors and moderators of relapse during continuation treatment among depressed youth randomly assigned to fluoxetine or placebo. METHODS: Potential predictors and moderators of relapse that were identified by a literature review were examined in 102 youth (aged 7-18 years), diagnosed with major depressive disorder as defined by DSM-IV criteria, who were considered responders after 12 weeks of fluoxetine treatment (acute phase). This randomized controlled trial was conducted from June 2000 through October 2005...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473960/breast-specific-factors-determine-cosmetic-outcome-and-patient-satisfaction-after-breast-conserving-therapy-results-from-the-randomized-cobalt-study
#16
José H Volders, Vera L Negenborn, Max H Haloua, Nicole M A Krekel, Katarzyna Jóźwiak, Sybren Meijer, Petrousjka M van den Tol
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To identify breast-specific factors and the role of tumor, treatment, and patient-related items in influencing patient opinion on cosmesis and satisfaction after breast-conserving therapy (BCT). METHODS: Data from the randomized COBALT study was used. At 3, 12, and 36 months, 128 patients with T1-T2 breast cancer completed a questionnaire on breast-specific factors and overall cosmetic outcome and patient satisfaction, using a 4-point Likert scale...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473941/targeted-geriatric-assessment-for-fast-paced-healthcare-settings-development-validity-and-reliability
#17
Márlon J R Aliberti, Daniel Apolinario, Claudia K Suemoto, Juliana A Melo, Sileno Q Fortes-Filho, Marcos D Saraiva, Carolina B Trindade, Kenneth E Covinsky, Wilson Jacob-Filho
OBJECTIVES: To develop and examine the validity and reliability of a targeted geriatric assessment (TaGA) for busy healthcare settings. DESIGN: The TaGA was developed through the consensus of experts (Delphi technique), and we investigated its construct validity and reliability in a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric day hospital specializing in acute care in Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N = 534) aged 79...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473394/-introduction-heavy-rainfall-in-may-2016-caused-large-scale-flooding-of-the-seine-and-its-tributaries-analysis-of-this-unusual-event-showed-that-it-could-recur-on-an-even-larger-scale-the-sanitary-consequences-were-less-frequently-assessed-in-this-analysis
#18
Laurène Dufayet, Chantal Médernach, Clément Bassi, Robert Garnier, Jérôme Langrand
INTRODUCTION: Heavy rainfall in May 2016 caused large-scale flooding of the Seine and its tributaries. Analysis of this unusual event showed that it could recur on an even larger scale. The sanitary consequences were less frequently assessed in this analysis, particularly the risk of accidental collective carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning caused by the use of combustion engine drainage pumps. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of acute accidental carbon monoxide exposure observed in the Ile-de-France region, related to the use of drainage pumps in spring and summer 2016 and notified to the Ile-de-France CO poisoning surveillance network...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473245/does-training-people-to-administer-take-home-naloxone-increase-their-knowledge-evidence-from-australian-programs
#19
Paul M Dietze, Bridget Draper, Anna Olsen, Karen J Chronister, Ingrid van Beek, Nicholas Lintzeris, Robyn Dwyer, Marina Nelson, Simon Lenton
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Take-home naloxone (THN) programs have been operating in Australia since 2012 in a variety of settings. We examine whether THN programs were effective in increasing knowledge about opioid overdose and appropriate responses in program participants. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were obtained from pre- and post-training questionnaires administered as part of the early evaluations of THN naloxone programs operated in Sydney (n = 67), Melbourne (n = 280), Perth (n = 153) and Canberra (n = 183)...
February 22, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472759/tep-with-long-term-resorbable-mesh-in-patients-with-indirect-inguinal-hernia
#20
Fernando Ruiz-Jasbon, Kristina Ticehurst, Jukka Ahonen, Jonny Norrby, Marie-Lois Ivarsson
Background and Objectives: The role of long-term degradable implants in reducing the risk of chronic postoperative pain after inguinal hernia repair is still unclear. A pilot study using a synthetic long-term resorbable mesh in Lichtenstein repair showed good results regarding pain and discomfort in patients with indirect inguinal hernia (IH) without recurrences, but higher recurrence rate in patients with direct inguinal hernia (DH). The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of pain and early recurrence in patients with LIH surgically treated with the TEP technique using a long-term degradable mesh...
January 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
keyword
keyword
89302
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"