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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793148/post-traumatic-stress-symptom-development-as-a-function-of-changing-witnessing-in-home-violence-and-changing-peer-post-traumatic-stress-symptom-development-as-a-function-of-changing-witnessing-in-home-violence-and-changing-peer-relationship-quality-evaluating
#1
Aura A Mishra, Sharon L Christ, Laura M Schwab-Reese, Nayantara Nair
In the present study, witnessing in-home violence and peer relationship quality are evaluated as to their relative impact on Post Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among children aged 8 to 17 investigated by child protective services (CPS) for maltreatment exposure. The sample included 2151 children from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II (NSCAW II). Linear growth models were estimated to assess associations between changes in PTS symptoms, witnessing in-home violence, and peer relationship quality over time...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793125/assessment-of-cam-morphology-of-the-hip-with-ultra-sound-imaging-by-physical-therapists-is-reliable-and-valid
#2
Liliane Mandema, Igor Tak, Brigitte Mooij, Ruud Groeneweg, Eric Bakker, Peter van Veldhoven
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome is considered present when a combination of clinical symptoms, signs and morphological features of the hip co-exist. Imaging is increasingly popular in primary health care settings with physical therapists performing ultrasound (US). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy and inter-rater reliability of ultrasound in determining presence of cam morphology. DESIGN: A concurrent validity and inter-rater reliability study...
April 14, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793124/how-to-manage-patellofemoral-pain-understanding-the-multifactorial-nature-and-treatment-options
#3
Simon Lack, Bradley Neal, Danilo De Oliveira Silva, Christian Barton
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most prevalent conditions within sports medicine, orthopaedic and general practice settings. Long-term treatment outcomes are poor, with estimates that more than 50% of people with the condition will report symptoms beyond 5 years following diagnosis. Additionally, emerging evidence indicates that PFP may be on a continuum with patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Consensus of world leading clinicians and academics highlights the potential benefit of delivering tailored interventions, specific to an individual's needs, to improve patient outcome...
April 12, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793099/carbon-monoxide-analysis-method-in-human-blood-by-airtight-gas-syringe-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-ags-gc-ms-relevance-for-postmortem-poisoning-diagnosis
#4
S Oliverio, V Varlet
Carbon monoxide is one of the most abundant toxic air pollutants. Symptoms of a CO intoxication are non-specific, leading to a high number of misdiagnosed CO poisoning cases that are missing in the disease statistics. The chemical nature of the molecule makes it difficult to detect for long periods and at low levels, thus requiring a very accurate and sensitive method. Current methods capable of accurate and sensitive analyses are available, however an inconsistency between results and symptoms are frequently reported...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793049/psychometric-validation-of-the-turkish-nine-item-internet-gaming-disorder-scale-short-form-igds9-sf
#5
Cuneyt Evren, Ercan Dalbudak, Merve Topcu, Nilay Kutlu, Bilge Evren, Halley M Pontes
The main aims of the current study were to test the factor structure, reliability and validity of the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form (IGDS9-SF), a standardized measure to assess symptoms and prevalence of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). In the present study participants were assessed with the IGDS9-SF, nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale (IGDS) and the Young's Internet Addiction Test-Short Form (YIAT-SF). Confirmatory factor analyzes demonstrated that the factor structure (i.e., the dimensional structure) of the IGDS9-SF was satisfactory...
May 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793031/cloning-overexpression-and-purification-of-a-gene-of-unknown-function-of-prophage-loci-from-candidatus-liberibacter-asiaticus-the-destructive-bacterial-pathogen-of-huanglongbing-disease-in-citrus-plants
#6
Duangtip Sudhan, Thamrongjet Puttamuk, Supachai Vuttipongchaikij, Pitak Chuawong
Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening is one of the most destructive diseases affecting citrus industry worldwide. The causal agent in Asia is a phloem-limited, Gram-negative bacterium, 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas). Within the genome of CLas lies prophage regions, classified as Type-A, B, C, and D. In particular, Type-D has been indicated to correlate with the blotchy-mottle symptoms of citrus trees. Here we reported the cloning, overexpression, and purification of the ORF1, an open reading frame from the partial Type-D region of CLas obtained from an infected lime tree (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle)...
May 21, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793015/right-atrial-anomalous-muscle-bundle-presenting-with-acute-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-and-pulmonary-embolism-surgical-management
#7
Jeko M Madjarov, Michael G Katz, Sophia Madjarova, Svetozar Madzharov, Frank R Arko, David W Miller, Francis Robicsek
BACKGROUND: An anomalous muscle bundle crossing the right atrial cavity represents a pathological finding with unproved clinical significance. This congenital anomaly may be difficult to recognize via echocardiography and could be confused with other intra-cavitary lesions. METHODS: We report a case of a 53-year-old female presented to the cardio-vascular service with acute superior vena cava syndrome and sub-massive pulmonary embolism. RESULTS: The patient underwent venography confirming superior vena cava stenosis...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793014/calf-muscle-oxygen-saturation-during-six-minute-walk-test-and-its-relationship-with-walking-impairment-in-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease
#8
Aluísio Andrade-Lima, Gabriel G Cucato, Wagner J R Domingues, Antônio H Germano-Soares, Bruno R Cavalcante, Marilia A Correia, Glauco F Saes, Nelson Wolosker, Andrew W Gardner, Antônio E Zerati, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
OBJECTIVE: Impaired microcirculation is associated with poor walking capacity in symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients during treadmill test, however, this test does not simulate the efforts of daily walking of these patients. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the microcirculation responses during six-minute walk test (6MWT) and to analyze the relationship between microcirculation indicators and walking impairment in symptomatic PAD patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were included (mean age = 67...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792925/change-in-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-and-without-mechanical-symptoms-undergoing-arthroscopic-meniscal-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Kenneth Pihl, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Martin Englund, L Stefan Lohmander, Uffe Jørgensen, Nis Nissen, Jeppe Schjerning, Jonas B Thorlund
OBJECTIVE: Patients with degenerative or traumatic meniscal tears are at high risk of developing knee osteoarthritis. We investigated if younger (≤40 years) and older (>40 years) patients with preoperative mechanical symptoms improved more in patient-reported outcomes after meniscal surgery than those without mechanical symptoms. DESIGN: Patients from Knee Arthroscopy Cohort Southern Denmark (KACS) undergoing arthroscopic surgery for a meniscal tear completed online questionnaires before surgery, and at 12 and 52 weeks follow-up...
May 21, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792890/the-visual-cortex-and-visual-cognition-in-huntington-s-disease-an-overview-of-current-literature
#10
REVIEW
Emma M Coppen, Jeroen van der Grond, Ellen P Hart, Egbert A J F Lakke, Raymund A C Roos
The processing of visual stimuli from retina to higher cortical areas has been extensively studied in the human brain. In Huntington's disease (HD), an inherited neurodegenerative disorder, it is suggested that visual processing deficits are present in addition to more characteristic signs such as motor disturbances, cognitive dysfunction, and behavioral changes. Visual deficits are clinically important because they influence overall cognitive performance and have implications for daily functioning. The aim of this review is to summarize current literature on clinical visual deficits, visual cognitive impairment, and underlying visual cortical changes in HD patients...
May 21, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792889/ros-triggered-degradable-iron-chelating-nanogels-safely-improving-iron-elimination-in-vivo
#11
Zhi Liu, Jing Qiao, Tamas Nagy, May P Xiong
Iron-mediated generation of highly toxic Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) plays a major role in the process leading to iron overload-related diseases. The long-term subcutaneous administration of Deferoxamine (DFO) is currently clinically-approved to improve patient symptoms and survival. However, non-specific toxicity and short circulation times of the drug in humans often leads to poor patient compliance. Herein, thioketal-based ROS-responsive polymeric nanogels containing DFO moieties (rNG-DFO) were designed to chelate iron and to degrade under oxidative stimuli into fragments <10 nm to enhance excretion of iron-bound chelates...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792848/subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-protects-neurons-by-activating-autophagy-via-pp2a-inactivation-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Ting-Ting Du, Ying-Chuan Chen, Yong-Quan Lu, Fan-Gang Meng, Hui Yang, Jian-Guo Zhang
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is an effective therapeutic strategy for alleviating disability in patients with moderate to severe Parkinson's disease (PD). Preclinical studies have shown that stimulation of the rat STN can protect against nigral dopaminergic neuron loss. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. To investigate the molecular basis of the neuroprotective effects of STN stimulation, a rat model of PD was established by unilaterally injecting 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the striatum...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792828/recurrence-of-pericardial-mesothelioma-affecting-the-myocardium-after-pericardial-resection
#13
María Rodríguez, Hari R Mallidi, Annacarolina da Silva, Raphael Bueno
Primary pericardial mesothelioma represents less than 1% of all malignant mesotheliomas1 . These tumors are very rare, difficult to diagnose and with poor response to stablished treatments. Common clinical presentations include constrictive symptoms, cardiac tamponade and cardiac failure. Surgery can be curative in early stages and localized tumors and pericardiectomy and chemotherapy are often used as palliative approaches. Herein we present a case of a 54 years old female who has so far survived 4 years after a primary resection of a pericardial mesothelioma, and was referred with myocardial and aorto- pulmonary window recurrences for further treatment...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792747/interpretation-time-using-a-concurrent-read-computer-aided-detection-system-for-automated-breast-ultrasound-in-breast-cancer-screening-of-women-with-dense-breast-tissue
#14
Yulei Jiang, Marc F Inciardi, Alexandra V Edwards, John Papaioannou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy and interpretation time of screening automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) for women with dense breast tissue without and with use of a recently U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved computer-aided detection (CAD) system for concurrent read. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective observer performance study, 18 radiologists interpreted a cancer-enriched set (i.e., cancer prevalence higher than in the original screening cohort) of 185 screening ABUS studies (52 with and 133 without breast cancer)...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792744/journal-club-extracolonic-findings-at-ct-colonography-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Perry J Pickhardt, Loredana Correale, Lia Morra, Daniele Regge, Cesare Hassan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies on CT colonography (CTC) in which extracolonic findings were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of studies of screening CTC and of CTC to evaluate symptoms (1994-June 2017) was conducted to estimate the rate of extra-colonic findings and associated additional workup recommendations. The primary outcome was potentially important extracolonic findings, defined as CT Colonography Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-RADS) category E4 or as having high clinical importance (if C-RADS was not used)...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792733/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-nurse-led-primary-palliative-care-for-older-adults-with-chronic-conditions-a-pilot-study
#16
Shigeko Seiko Izumi, Basilia Basin, Margo Presley, Jean McCalmont, Jon P Furuno, Brie Noble, Judith G Baggs, J Randall Curtis
BACKGROUND: Many older adults live with serious illness for years before their death. Nurse-led primary palliative care could improve their quality of life and ability to stay in their community. OBJECTIVES: To assess feasibility and acceptability of a nurse-led Transitional Palliative Care (TPC) program for older adults with serious illness. METHODS: The study was a pilot trial of the TPC program in which registered nurses assisted patients with symptom management, communication with care providers, and advance care planning...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792727/added-value-of-including-entire-brain-on-body-imaging-with-fdg-pet-mri
#17
Ana M Franceschi, Robert Matthews, Lev Bangiyev, Nand Relan, Ammar Chaudhry, Dinko Franceschi
OBJECTIVE: FDG PET/MRI examination of the body is routinely performed from the skull base to the mid thigh. Many types of brain abnormalities potentially could be detected on PET/MRI if the head was included. The objective of this study was therefore to identify and characterize brain findings incidentally detected on PET/MRI of the body with the head included. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified 269 patients with FDG PET/MRI whole-body scans that included the head...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792726/i-like-them%C3%A2-will-they-like-me-evidence-for-the-role-of-the-ventrolateral-prefrontal-cortex-during-mismatched-social-appraisals-in-anxious-youth
#18
Ashley R Smith, Eric E Nelson, Brent I Rappaport, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Johanna M Jarcho
OBJECTIVE: Socially anxious adolescents report distress during social decision-making, wherein their favorable view of peers directly conflicts with their expectation to be viewed negatively by peers; a phenomenon we refer to as "mismatch bias." The present study utilizes a novel paradigm with dynamic social stimuli to explore the correlates of mismatch biases in anxious and healthy youth. METHOD: The behavioral and neural correlates of mismatch biases were assessed in healthy (N = 17) and anxious (N = 14) youth during functional MRI...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792586/the-incubation-period-of-hepatitis-e-genotype-1-insights-from-pooled-analyses-of-travellers
#19
A S Azman, I Ciglenecki, C Oeser, B Said, R S Tedder, S Ijaz
Hepatitis E virus genotype 1 (HEV G1) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in Africa and Asia. HEV G1's natural history, including the incubation period, remains poorly understood, hindering surveillance efforts and effective control. Using individual-level data from 85 travel-related HEV G1 cases in England and Wales, we estimate the incubation period distribution using survival analysis methods, which allow for appropriate inference when only time ranges, rather than exact times are known for the exposure to HEV and symptom onset...
May 24, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792585/assessment-in-work-productivity-and-the-relationship-with-cognitive-symptoms-atworc-primary-analysis-from-a-canadian-open-label-study-of-vortioxetine-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-mdd
#20
Pratap Chokka, Joanna Bougie, Emmanouil Rampakakis, Jean Proulx
OBJECTIVE: The Assessment in Work Productivity and the Relationship with Cognitive Symptoms (AtWoRC) study aimed to assess the association between cognitive symptoms and work productivity in gainfully employed patients receiving vortioxetine for a major depressive episode (MDE). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and treated with vortioxetine independently of study enrollment were assessed over 52 weeks at visits that emulated a real-life setting...
May 24, 2018: CNS Spectrums
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