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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046037/vitamin-d-and-asthma-in-clinical-practice-the-impact-on-asthma-control
#1
Giorgio Ciprandi, Fabio Gallo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046026/-influence-of-lifestyle-diet-and-vitamin-d-on-atopy-in-a-population-of-afro-descendant-colombian-children
#2
Luis Carlos Fang-Mercado, Juan Ricardo Urrego-Álvarez, Andrés Ernesto Merlano-Barón, Catherine Meza-Torres, Luz Hernández-Bonfante, Liliana López-Kleine, Javier Marrugo-Cano
BACKGROUND: Allergic conditions have shown an increase in the past few decades. Hygiene, changes in lifestyle, diet and vitamin D have been blamed for this increase. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of environment, diet and vitamin D in atopic diseases in a population of Colombian Afro-descendant children. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study in 200 Afro-descendant children of rural and urban areas from northern Colombia...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045954/-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-as-leading-manifestation-of-methylmalonic-aciduria-clinical-characteristics-and-gene-testing-in-15-cases
#3
X Q Liu, H Yan, J X Qiu, C Y Zhang, J G Qi, X Zhang, H J Xiao, Y L Yang, Y H Chen, J B DU
OBJECTIVE: To deepen our understanding of Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) associated pulmonary hypertension (PH) by analyzing the characteristics of clinical presentation, pulmonary high resolusion CT(HRCT), treatment response and gene mutation. METHODS: This study includes 15 cases of pediatric patients with MMA associated PH diagnosed and treated in Peking University First Hospital pediatric department between May 2012 and May 2016 with symptoms of PH as their leading presentation...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045466/factors-predicting-cardiovascular-events-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-role-of-subclinical-atheromatosis-extent-assessed-by-vascular-ultrasound
#4
José M Valdivielso, Angels Betriu, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, David Arroyo, Marcelino Bermudez-Lopez, Elvira Fernandez
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased incidence of cardiovascular events (CVE). The contribution of subclinical atheromatosis extent, including femoral arteries, to CVE in CKD patients has not been investigated. In this paper, we examine the prognostic value of subclinical atheromatosis extent, assessed as the number of arterial territories with plaque, in predicting the incidence of major and minor CVE. The NEFRONA is a multicenter, prospective cohorts study that recruited 2445 CKD subjects and 559 controls, free from previous cardiovascular disease, in 81 medical centers across Spain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045457/dietary-vitamin-d3-deficiency-exacerbates-sinonasal-inflammation-and-alters-local-25-oh-d3-metabolism
#5
Jennifer K Mulligan, Whitney N Pasquini, William W Carroll, Tucker Williamson, Nicholas Reaves, Kunal J Patel, Elliott Mappus, Rodney J Schlosser, Carl Atkinson
RATIONALE: Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) have been shown to be vitamin D3 (VD3) deficient, which is associated with more severe disease and increased polyp size. To gain mechanistic insights into these observational studies, we examined the impact of VD3 deficiency on inflammation and VD3 metabolism in an Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) mouse model of chronic rhinosinusitis (Af-CRS). METHODS: Balb/c mice were fed control or VD3 deficient diet for 4 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045254/nutritional-interventions-in-sarcopenia-where-do-we-stand
#6
Jean Woo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To document recent evidence regarding the role of nutrition as an intervention for sarcopenia. RECENT FINDINGS: A review of seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) alone on muscle loss in 147 adults showed greater muscle mass gain in the intervention group, but no benefit in muscle strength and physical performance measures. Three other review articles examined nutrition and exercise as combined intervention, and suggest enhancement of benefits of exercise by nutrition supplements (energy, protein, vitamin D)...
October 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045021/reduced-dietary-intake-of-micronutrients-with-antioxidant-properties-negatively-impacts-muscle-health-in-aged-mice
#7
Miriam van Dijk, Francina J Dijk, Anita Hartog, Klaske van Norren, Sjors Verlaan, Ardy van Helvoort, Richard T Jaspers, Yvette Luiking
BACKGROUND: Inadequate intake of micronutrients with antioxidant properties is common among older adults and has been associated with higher risk of frailty, adverse functional outcome, and impaired muscle health. However, a causal relationship is less well known. The aim was to determine in old mice the impact of reduced dietary intake of vitamins A/E/B6/B12/folate, selenium, and zinc on muscle mass, oxidative capacity, strength, and physical activity (PA) over time. METHODS: Twenty-one-month-old male mice were fed either AIN-93-M (control) or a diet low in micronutrients with antioxidant properties (=LOWOX-B: 50% of mouse recommended daily intake of vitamins A, E, B6, and B12, folate, selenium, and zinc) for 4 months...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045002/sufficient-vitamin-k-status-combined-with-sufficient-vitamin-d-status-is-associated-with-better-lower-extremity-function-a-prospective-analysis-of-two-knee-osteoarthritis-cohorts
#8
M Kyla Shea, Richard F Loeser, Timothy E McAlindon, Denise K Houston, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Sarah L Booth
OBJECTIVE: Vitamins K and D are important for the function of vitamin K-dependent proteins in joint tissues. It is unclear if these nutrients are mutually important to functional outcomes related to knee osteoarthritis (OA). We evaluated the association of vitamin K and D sufficiency with lower-extremity function in the Health, Aging Body Composition Knee OA Sub-study (Health ABC) and conducted a replication analysis in an independent cohort, the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). METHODS: In Health ABC (60% female, 75±3 years) baseline nutrient status was measured using circulating vitamin K and 25(OH)D...
October 17, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044707/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-bone-metabolic-markers-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Ashok Kumar Yadav, Vivek Kumar, Vinod Kumar, Debasish Banerjee, Krishan Lal Gupta, Vivekanand Jha
Use of active forms of vitamin D is advocated in CKD patients for treatment of mineral bone disease because of the presumption that native forms of vitamin D would not undergo significant activation to calcitriol, the most active biological form of vitamin D. We present secondary analysis looking at bone turnover in subjects who completed the randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial investigating the effect of cholecalciferol supplementation on vascular function in non-diabetic CKD stage G3-4 and vitamin D ≤20ng/ml [CTRI/2013/05/003648]...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044518/characterization-of-an-olive-flounder-bone-gelatin-zinc-oxide-nanocomposite-film-and-evaluation-of-its-potential-application-in-spinach-packaging
#10
Songee Beak, Hyeri Kim, Kyung Bin Song
Olive flounder bone gelatin (OBG) was used for a film base material in this study. In addition, zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO) were incorporated into the OBG film to prepare a nanocomposite film and to impart antimicrobial activity to it. The tensile strength of the OBG film increased by 6.62 MPa, and water vapor permeability and water solubility decreased by 0.93 × 10(-9) g/m s Pa and 13.79%, respectively, by the addition of ZnO to the OBG film. In particular, the OBG-ZnO film exhibited antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044479/the-strategies-to-reduce-injuries-and-develop-confidence-in-elders-intervention-falls-risk-factor-assessment-and-management-patient-engagement-and-nurse-co-management
#11
David B Reuben, Priscilla Gazarian, Neil Alexander, Katy Araujo, Dorothy Baker, Jonathan F Bean, Chad Boult, Peter Charpentier, Pamela Duncan, Nancy Latham, Rosanne M Leipzig, Lisa M Quintiliani, Thomas Storer, Siobhan McMahon
In response to the epidemic of falls and serious falls-related injuries in older persons, in 2014, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and the National Institute on Aging funded a pragmatic trial, Strategies to Reduce Injuries and Develop confidence in Elders (STRIDE) to compare the effects of a multifactorial intervention with those of an enhanced usual care intervention. The STRIDE multifactorial intervention consists of five major components that registered nurses deliver in the role of falls care managers, co-managing fall risk in partnership with patients and their primary care providers (PCPs)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044032/-the-relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-icelandic-children
#12
Thorunn Hannesdottir, Hannes Hrafnkelsson, Erlingur Johannsson, Emil L Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and known cardiometabolic risk factors among healthy Icelandic children as well as study these connections independent of body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We assessed the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, adiposity measured as BMI and 7 cardiometabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and serum insulin)...
September 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044030/-vitamin-d-for-everyone-editorial
#13
Soffia Jonasdottir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043851/antioxidants-in-the-treatment-of-cancer
#14
Kanthi Athreya, Marin F Xavier
Several clinical trials have produced conflicting results regarding the benefit of antioxidants in cancer therapy thus questioning the incorporation of these substances in standard treatment regimens. Vitamins E and C, selenium, carotenoids, lycopene, soy products, and green tea extract are a few substances with antioxidant properties that have been studied in detail. This article reviews the results generated over the last 20 years through in vitro and in vivo studies in various types of cancers and stages of cancer treatment...
October 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043787/rate-of-lipid-peroxyl-radical-production-during-cellular-homeostasis-unravelled-via-fluorescence-imaging
#15
Lana E Greene, Richard Lincoln, Gonzalo Cosa
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their associated byproducts have been traditionally associated with a range of pathologies. It is now believed however, that at basal levels, these molecules also play a beneficial cellular function in the form of cell signalling and redox regulation. Critical to elucidating their physiological role is the opportunity to visualize and quantify the production of ROS with spatiotemporal accuracy. Armed with a newly developed, extremely sensitive fluorogenic α-tocopherol analogue (H4BPMHC), we report herein the observation of steady concentrations of lipid peroxyl radicals produced in live cell imaging conditions...
October 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043548/comparison-of-short-term-effectiveness-and-postoperative-complications-laparoscopic-gastric-plication-vs-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#16
Mohammad Talebpour, Donya Sadid, Atieh Talebpour, Amirsina Sharifi, Farzad Vaghef Davari
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgeries are the only effective long-term treatment in obese patients. The innovation of laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) raised some questions about its effectiveness compared to traditionally used techniques such as laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). We tried to answer some of these questions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated 70 patients in a randomized clinical trial (IRCT2013123012294N5) from 2012 to 2015. Thirty-five patients were randomly assigned to each LSG or LGP group, using sealed envelope method...
October 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043220/enhancement-of-antioxidant-quality-of-green-leafy-vegetables-upon-different-cooking-method
#17
Afzal Hossain, Mst Afifa Khatun, Mahfuza Islam, Roksana Huque
Antioxidant rich green leafy vegetables including garden spinach leaf, water spinach leaf, Indian spinach leaf, and green leaved amaranth were selected to evaluate the effects of water boiling and oil frying on their total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), reducing power (RP), and antioxidant capacity. The results revealed that there was a significant increase in TPC, TFC, and RP in all the selected vegetables indicating the effectiveness of the cooking process on the antioxidant potential of leafy vegetables...
September 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043214/vitamin-a-improves-hyperglycemia-and-glucose-intolerance-through-regulation-of-intracellular-signaling-pathways-and-glycogen-synthesis-in-wnin-gr-ob-obese-rat-model
#18
Shanmugam M Jeyakumar, Alex Sheril, Ayyalasomayajula Vajreswari
Vitamin A and its metabolites modulate insulin resistance and regulate stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1), which are also known to affect insulin resistance. Here, we tested, whether vitamin A-mediated changes in insulin resistance markers are associated with SCD1 regulation or not. For this purpose, 30-week old male lean and glucose-intolerant obese rats of WNIN/GR-Ob strain were given either a stock or vitamin A-enriched diet, i.e. 2.6 mg or 129 mg vitamin A/kg diet, for 14 weeks. Compared to the stock diet, vitamin A-enriched diet feeding improved hyperglycemia and glucose-clearance rate in obese rats and no such changes were seen in lean rats receiving identical diets...
September 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043081/effects-of-phospho-and-calciotropic-hormones-on-electrolyte-transport-in-the-proximal-tubule
#19
REVIEW
Justin J Lee, Allein Plain, Megan R Beggs, Henrik Dimke, R Todd Alexander
Calcium and phosphate are critical for a myriad of physiological and cellular processes within the organism. Consequently, plasma levels of calcium and phosphate are tightly regulated. This occurs through the combined effects of the phospho- and calciotropic hormones, parathyroid hormone (PTH), active vitamin D 3, and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). The organs central to this are the kidneys, intestine, and bone. In the kidney, the proximal tubule reabsorbs the majority of filtered calcium and phosphate, which amounts to more than 60% and 90%, respectively...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043008/ancestors-dietary-patterns-and-environments-could-drive-positive-selection-in-genes-involved-in-micronutrient-metabolism-the-case-of-cofactor-transporters
#20
Silvia Parolo, Sébastien Lacroix, Jim Kaput, Marie-Pier Scott-Boyer
BACKGROUND: During evolution, humans colonized different ecological niches and adopted a variety of subsistence strategies that gave rise to diverse selective pressures acting across the genome. Environmentally induced selection of vitamin, mineral, or other cofactor transporters could influence micronutrient-requiring molecular reactions and contribute to inter-individual variability in response to foods and nutritional interventions. METHODS: A comprehensive list of genes coding for transporters of cofactors or their precursors was built using data mining procedures from the HGDP dataset and then explored to detect evidence of positive genetic selection...
2017: Genes & Nutrition
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