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diabetes. breastfeeding. hypertension. chronic diseases

Wendy Valdés, Georgia Díaz-Perera, Tania M Espinosa
INTRODUCTION Atherosclerosis is the common underlying cause of cardiovascular diseases; the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. It is a major contributor to disability and poorer quality of life and is costly to health systems, individuals, families and society. Early signs of atherogenesis are manifestations of atherosclerosis and known atherogenic risk factors occurring at young ages and detectable by health professionals. Early detection of such signs in children and adolescents enables actions to prevent short- and long-term complications...
October 2015: MEDICC Review
Colin Binns, MiKyung Lee, Wah Yun Low
Breastfeeding has many health benefits, both in the short term and the longer term, to infants and their mothers. There is an increasing number of studies that report on associations between breastfeeding and long-term protection against chronic disease. Recent research evidence is reviewed in this study, building on previous authoritative reviews. The recent World Health Organization reviews of the short- and long-term benefits of breastfeeding concluded that there was strong evidence for many public health benefits of breastfeeding...
January 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Roya Kelishadi, Sanam Farajian
Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, etc., are the major causes of mortality in the world, notably in low- and middle-income countries. A growing body of evidence suggests that NCDs have a complex etiology resulting from the interaction of genetic factors, gender, age, ethnicity, and the environmental factors. It is well-documented that chronic diseases in adulthood origins in early life. In recent years, much attention has been focused on primordial and primary prevention of NCD risk factors...
2014: Advanced Biomedical Research
Federica Minniti, Pasquale Comberiati, Daniel Munblit, Giorgio L Piacentini, Elisa Antoniazzi, Laura Zanoni, Attilio L Boner, Diego G Peroni
Breast milk and colostrum are the first feeding sources for a child, providing nutrients, growth factors and immunological components, which are crucial for the newborn's correct development and health. Length of exclusive breastfeeding and time of solid foods introduction is a key factor that may influence allergy development. There is an emerging evidence of a relationship between breastfeeding, milk composition and lower risk of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension and allergies. This review examines current evidence regarding humoral and cellular characteristics of breast-milk, and potential role of environment, maternal diet and breastfeeding on the allergy development in children...
March 2014: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
Wieslaw Jedrychowski, Umberto Maugeri, Frederica Perera, Laura Stigter, Jeffrey Jankowski, Maria Butscher, Elzbieta Mroz, Elzbieta Flak, Anita Skarupa, Agata Sowa
In the last decade, the neurologic effects of various air pollutants have been the focus of increasing attention. The main purpose of this study was to assess the potential impact of early childhood exposure to indoor molds on the subsequent cognitive function of 6-year old children. The results of this study are based on the six-year follow-up of 277 babies born at term to mothers participating in a prospective cohort study in Krakow, Poland. The study participants are all non-smoking pregnant women who were free of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension...
October 24, 2011: Physiology & Behavior
(no author information available yet)
Research over the past 20 years has focused on the safety of physical activity during pregnancy. Guidelines for health care providers and pregnant/postpartum women have been developed from the results of these studies. The overwhelming results of most studies have shown few negative effects on the pregnancy of a healthy gravida, but rather, be beneficial to the maternal-fetal unit. Recently, researchers have begun to consider the role of maternal physical activity in a more traditional chronic disease prevention model, for both mother and offspring...
May 2006: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
António Guerra, Carla Rego, Carla Vasconcelos, Diana Silva, Elisabeth Castro, Maria Júlia Guimarães
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiological studies show a strong association between nutritional status at birth and later chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases. These results seem to confirm fetal programming regarding risk factors and future diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and kidney dysfunction. The aim of the present study is to evaluate, in a group of low-birth-weight (LBW) newborns, the influence of nutritional status at birth on blood pressure and lipid profile at school age...
March 2004: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
A O Musaiger
Several rapid assessment surveys were carried out during the period 1988-1991 to determine the food habit of preschool children, adolescent girls and mothers in Muscat (the capital) and southern region in Oman. Data were collected from health centers, hospitals and households. There have been differences in dietary habits between the people in the two regions. These differences were more evident in breastfeeding practices, meal patterns of adolescent girls and food frequency intake of mothers. Geographical location, occupation of inhabitants, cultural and ethnic factors may be responsible for the variation in dietary habits between the two regions...
1996: Nutrition and Health
B L Asselin, R A Lawrence
Breastfeeding for mothers with chronic medical conditions presents important medical decisions for the primary physician. The issues need to be considered in light of the chronic disease, the physiological process of lactation, and the individual Mother for whom breastfeeding is very important. Management plans need to be based on adequate information and coordinated by the mother's physician and the pediatrician.
March 1987: Clinics in Perinatology
R A Lawrence
Breastfeeding is an important opportunity for both mother and infant. There are nutritional, immunologic, infection protection, and psychological reasons to preserve lactation when illness intervenes. The internist will have patients with acute self-limited disease who are breastfeeding and patients with chronic long-term illness who wish to breastfeed their infants. The internist will need to consider the breastfeeding and the infant when planning treatment. The risk of treatment to the infant versus the great benefits of breastfeeding in most cases will support continuing breastfeeding...
May 1989: Medical Clinics of North America
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