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R M Kamenova-Totzeva, A V Totzev, R M Kotova, G R Ivanova-Teneva
This study presents the results of 222Rn in 24 sources of mineral water, 54 samples from different captured natural springs and drillings. 222Rn determination was performed by direct measurement using Alpha Guard with Aqua Kit. The results for the TDS, anions (F-, Cl-, SO42-), cations (Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+), pH and temperature of the investigated mineral waters were correlated with radon content by statistical software tool IBM SPSS. In the paper are shown the results of investigated correlations between the 222Rn content and gross alpha activity, gross beta activity and specific activity of 226Ra...
June 19, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Ying J Wong
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Zetoc, ISI Web of Knowledge, US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for ongoing trials up to June 2016.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials, split-mouth trials and cluster-randomised trials comparing laser ablation to drill removal of caries with no restriction in language or participants' age...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Akira Ijiri, Fumio Inagaki, Yusuke Kubo, Rishi R Adhikari, Shohei Hattori, Tatsuhiko Hoshino, Hiroyuki Imachi, Shinsuke Kawagucci, Yuki Morono, Yoko Ohtomo, Shuhei Ono, Sanae Sakai, Ken Takai, Tomohiro Toki, David T Wang, Marcos Y Yoshinaga, Gail L Arnold, Juichiro Ashi, David H Case, Tomas Feseker, Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, Yojiro Ikegawa, Minoru Ikehara, Jens Kallmeyer, Hidenori Kumagai, Mark A Lever, Sumito Morita, Ko-Ichi Nakamura, Yuki Nakamura, Manabu Nishizawa, Victoria J Orphan, Hans Røy, Frauke Schmidt, Atsushi Tani, Wataru Tanikawa, Takeshi Terada, Hitoshi Tomaru, Takeshi Tsuji, Urumu Tsunogai, Yasuhiko T Yamaguchi, Naohiro Yoshida
Microbial life inhabiting subseafloor sediments plays an important role in Earth's carbon cycle. However, the impact of geodynamic processes on the distributions and carbon-cycling activities of subseafloor life remains poorly constrained. We explore a submarine mud volcano of the Nankai accretionary complex by drilling down to 200 m below the summit. Stable isotopic compositions of water and carbon compounds, including clumped methane isotopologues, suggest that ~90% of methane is microbially produced at 16° to 30°C and 300 to 900 m below seafloor, corresponding to the basin bottom, where fluids in the accretionary prism are supplied via megasplay faults...
June 2018: Science Advances
Emilija Stojanović, Nikola Aksović, Nenad Stojiljković, Ratko Stanković, Aaron T Scanlan, Zoran Milanović
Stojanović, E, Aksović, N, Stojiljković, N, Stanković, R, Scanlan, AT, and Milanović, Z. Reliability, usefulness, and factorial validity of change-of-direction speed tests in adolescent basketball players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purposes of this study were to (1) determine the reliability, usefulness, and factorial validity of change-of-direction speed (CODS) tests in adolescent basketball players and (2) evaluate positional differences in test performances. Elite, adolescent male basketball players (n = 53; 17...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Samantha J Wojda, Seth W Donahue
Delayed healing and/or non-union occur in approximately 5-10% of the fractures that occur annually in the United States. Segmental bone loss increases the probability of non-union. Though grafting can be an effective treatment for segmental bone loss, autografting is limited for large defects since a limited amount of bone is available for harvest. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a key regulator of calcium homeostasis in the body and plays an important role in bone metabolism. Presently PTH is FDA approved for use as an anabolic treatment for osteoporosis...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
S Hinton, O Schroeder, H Aceto, S Berkowitz, D Levine
BACKGROUND: Castration is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in the horse. Complication rate and types of complications associated with use of the Henderson equine castrating instrument have not been determined. OBJECTIVE: To determine the complication rate and type of complications encountered when using the Henderson equine castrating instrument in equine ambulatory practice. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records of horses undergoing routine castration using the Henderson drill were identified and evaluated for the occurrence of complications...
June 21, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Samer Amhaz-Escanlar, Alberto Jorge-Mora, Teresa Jorge-Mora, Manuel Febrero-Bande, Maximo-Alberto Diez-Ulloa
PURPOSE: Lateral mass screws combined with rods are the standard method for posterior cervical spine subaxial fixation. Several techniques have been described, among which the most used are Roy Camille, Magerl, Anderson and An. All of them are based on tridimensional angles. Reliability of freehand angle estimation remains poorly investigated. We propose a new technique based on on-site spatial references and compare it with previously described ones assessing screw length and neurovascular potential complications...
June 20, 2018: European Spine Journal
María Cañadas, Miguel-Ángel Gómez, Javier García-Rubio, Sergio J Ibáñez
Scientific literature has stated the presence of various stages in athletes sportive development, with different objectives in each one of them. This should lead coaches to different training plans according to the athlete's formation stage. The aim of this study was to analyse training plans and identify differences in basketball objectives according to formative stages (U'12 and U'14) in boys and girls. A total of 1,976 training tasks were collected and analysed, for a total of four teams (girls and boys of U'12 and U'14 categories) during an entire season...
June 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
John H Trefry, Jerry M Neff
Impacts from oil exploration, development and production in the Beaufort Sea, Alaska, are assessed using concentrations of metals in sediments collected during 2014-15, combined with a large dataset for 1985-2006. Concentrations of 7 (1980 s) or 17 (1999-2015) metals in 423 surface sediments from 134 stations, plus 563 samples from 30 cores were highly variable, primarily as a function of sediment granulometry with naturally greater metal concentrations in fine-grained, Al-rich sediment. Metals versus Al correlation plots were used to normalize metal concentrations and identify values significantly above background...
June 19, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Hua-Shui Liu, Sheng-Jun Duan, Shi-Dong Liu, Feng-Shuang Jia, Li-Ming Zhu, Min-Cen Liu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the combination of robot-assisted percutaneous screw placement and pelvic internal fixator (INFIX) for minimally invasive treatment of unstable anterior and posterior pelvic ring injuries. METHODS: From September 2016 to June 2017, twenty-four patients with unstable anterior and posterior pelvic ring injuries were treated with TiRobot-assisted percutaneous sacroiliac cannulated screw fixation on the posterior pelvic ring combined with robot-assisted pedicle screw placement in the anterior inferior iliac spine along with INFIX on the anterior pelvic ring...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
E Barth-Naftilan, J Sohng, J E Saiers
Concern persists over the potential for unconventional oil and gas development to contaminate groundwater with methane and other chemicals. These concerns motivated our 2-year prospective study of groundwater quality within the Marcellus Shale. We installed eight multilevel monitoring wells within bedrock aquifers of a 25-km2 area targeted for shale gas development (SGD). Twenty-four isolated intervals within these wells were sampled monthly over 2 years and groundwater pressures were recorded before, during, and after seven shale gas wells were drilled, hydraulically fractured, and placed into production...
June 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mustafa Özer, Hamza Özer, Hakan Selek, Gül Baltacı, Gülcan Harput, Anıl Taşkesen, Mehmet Çetinkaya
Background/aim: This study aimed to compare radiological and functional outcomes of patients who had single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with autologous hamstring tendon grafts using transtibial (TT) versus anteromedial (AM) femoral tunnel drilling techniques. Materials and methods: Sixty patients who had been operated on between 2010 and 2013 were enrolled in this study. Tunnel positions and widenings in the femur and tibia were evaluated with radiographs, arthrometric measurements with a Rolimeter arthrometer (Aircast, Summit, NJ, USA), stability assessment with Lachman and reverse pivot shift tests, and functional assessment with the International Knee Documentation Committee and Tegner and Lysholm scoring systems...
June 14, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Shane Malone, Marian Earls, Aidan Shovlin, Anthony Eddy, Nick Winkelman
Malone, S, Earls, M, Shovlin, A, Eddy, A, and Winkleman, N. Match-play running performance and exercise intensity in elite international women's rugby sevens. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim of the current investigation was to describe the running and physiological performance demands of elite women's rugby sevens match-play. Twenty-seven (n = 27) rugby seven's players (24.4 ± 2.1 years; 168 ± 7.1 cm; 67.9 ± 4.3 kg) were recruited for the current investigation. Across the observational period, 36 games were analyzed; during these games, players wore global positioning system technology (10-Hz, Statsports Viper Pod; STATSports, Newry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom) and heart rate monitors (Polar Team System, Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland)...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Oliver R L Farley, Josh L Secomb, Ellen R Raymond, Lina E Lundgren, Brendon K Ferrier, Chris R Abbiss, Jeremy M Sheppard
Farley, ORL, Secomb, JL, Raymond, ER, Lundgren, LE, Ferrier, BK, Abbiss, CR, and Sheppard, JM. Workloads of competitive surfing: work-to-relief ratios, surf-break demands, and updated analysis. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The study provides an in-depth descriptive and quantitative time-motion analysis of competitive surfing, using Global Positioning System (GPS) units and video synchronization, which serves to extend upon the results of Farley, Harris, and Kilding (Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26, 7 [2012])...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jinxin Yang, Zhendong Zhang, Hui Cheng, Kai Xiao, Dianzhong Luo, Hong Zhang
AIM: To investigate the incidence, risk factors, and the last follow-up recovery status of sciatic and femoral nerve injury among patients who received Bernese peri-acetabular osteotomy (PAO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical file of 643 consecutive patients who received PAO from June 2012 to June 2016 was retrospectively reviewed. The number of nerve injury patients was calculated and the causes of injury were recorded. RESULTS: The sciatic or femoral nerve injury occurred in eight patients (1...
June 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Mohamed A Imam, James Holton, Abdel Na Hassan, Ahmed Matthana
Background: The importance of the syndesmosis in ankle stability is well recognized. Numerous means of fixation have been described for syndesmotic injuries including the suture button technique. Significant cost limits the use the commercially available options. We, therefore, designed a cheap and readily available alternative construct. We aim to assess the results of using a novel suture-button construct in treatment of syndesmotic ankle injuries. Methods: Fifty-two patients (34 males and 18 females) fulfilled our inclusion/exclusion criteria...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Remy Tang, Conall Murtagh, Giles Warrington, Tim Cable, Oliver Morgan, Andrew O'Boyle, Darren Burgess, Ryland Morgans, Barry Drust
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence that different frequencies of deceleration and acceleration actions had on the physiological demands in professional soccer players. Thirteen players were monitored via microelectromechanical devices during shuttle running protocols which involved one, three, or seven 180 degree directional changes. Heart rate exertion (HRE) (1.1 ± 0.7) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) (5 ± 1) were significantly higher for the protocol which included seven directional changes when compared to the protocols which included one (HRE 0...
April 24, 2018: Sports
H Khan, K Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Amanda P Napp, José Evandro S Pereira, Jorge S Oliveira, Rita C B Silva-Portela, Lucymara F Agnez-Lima, Maria C R Peralba, Fátima M Bento, Luciane M P Passaglia, Claudia E Thompson, Marilene H Vainstein
The oil drilling process generates large volumes of waste with inadequate treatments. Here, oil drilling waste (ODW) microbial communities demonstrate different hydrocarbon degradative abilities when exposed to distinct nutrient enrichments as revealed by comparative metagenomics. The ODW was enriched in Luria Broth (LBE) and Potato Dextrose (PDE) media to examine the structure and functional variations of microbial consortia. Two metagenomes were sequenced on Ion Torrent platform and analyzed using MG-RAST...
June 11, 2018: Chemosphere
Claudia Sosa-Montes de Oca, Gert J de Lange, Francisca Martínez-Ruiz, Francisco J Rodríguez-Tovar
A high-resolution analysis of the distribution of major and trace elements across the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary (KPgB) in the distal section of Agost (SE Spain) was performed. The KPgB sediments were drilled to recover a 22 cm-long core; the lower 5 cm corresponding to the uppermost Maastrichtian and the upper 17 cm to the lowermost Danian. The unconsolidated sediments were resin-embedded under O2 -free conditions, cut and polished. Laser Ablation-Inductivity Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analyses were conducted at 10 µm increments and a laser-beam of 80 µm...
June 2018: Data in Brief
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