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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793150/exploring-the-victimization%C3%A2-early-substance-misuse-relationship-in-search-of-moderating-and-mediating-effects
#1
Glenn D Walters, Dorothy L Espelage
This study was designed to address two research questions. The first research question asked whether physical abuse victimization at the hands of parents/guardians, bullying victimization at the hands of peers, and the abuse x bullying interaction encouraged early involvement in substance misuse. The second research question inquired as to whether the victimization‒substance misuse relationship was mediated by variables proposed by various theories and research studies-specifically, cognitive impulsivity, negative affect, and low self-esteem...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793025/simultaneous-immobilization-of-borate-arsenate-and-silicate-from-geothermal-water-derived-from-mining-activity-by-co-precipitation-with-hydroxyapatite
#2
Keiko Sasaki, Yoshikazu Hayashi, Kenta Toshiyuki, Binglin Guo
The treatment of the geothermal water discharged through mining activity is a critical issue because the rate of discharge is 12,000 m3 per day and the discharge contains high concentrations of borate (>20 mg/L) and arsenate (ca. 0.4 mg/L) as well as silicate and carbonate. The simultaneous reduction of borate and arsenate concentrations to acceptable levels was successfully performed by co-precipitation with hydroxyapatite (HAp). Although the coexisting high concentrations of carbonate act as a disturbing element, the co-precipitation equilibrium of borate was shifted to lower values by adjusting the P/Ca molar ratio, and the removal rate of borate was accelerated by using Al3+ additives, resulting in the efficient reduction of borate within 1 h...
May 16, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793014/calf-muscle-oxygen-saturation-during-six-minute-walk-test-and-its-relationship-with-walking-impairment-in-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease
#3
Aluísio Andrade-Lima, Gabriel G Cucato, Wagner J R Domingues, Antônio H Germano-Soares, Bruno R Cavalcante, Marilia A Correia, Glauco F Saes, Nelson Wolosker, Andrew W Gardner, Antônio E Zerati, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
OBJECTIVE: Impaired microcirculation is associated with poor walking capacity in symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients during treadmill test, however, this test does not simulate the efforts of daily walking of these patients. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the microcirculation responses during six-minute walk test (6MWT) and to analyze the relationship between microcirculation indicators and walking impairment in symptomatic PAD patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were included (mean age = 67...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792873/effect-of-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-and-protective-factors-on-cognitive-trajectories-in-subjective-memory-complainers
#4
Stefan J Teipel, Enrica Cavedo, Simone Lista, Marie-Odile Habert, Marie-Claude Potier, Michel J Grothe, Stephane Epelbaum, Luisa Sambati, Geoffroy Gagliardi, Nicola Toschi, Michael Greicius, Bruno Dubois, Harald Hampel
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive change in people at risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) such as subjective memory complainers is highly variable across individuals. METHODS: We used latent class growth modeling to identify distinct classes of nonlinear trajectories of cognitive change over 2 years follow-up from 265 subjective memory complainers individuals (age 70 years and older) of the INSIGHT-preAD cohort. We determined the effect of cortical amyloid load, hippocampus and basal forebrain volumes, and education on the cognitive trajectory classes...
May 21, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792778/does-iron-supplementation-improve-performance-in-iron-deficient-nonanemic-athletes
#5
Amity Rubeor, Carmen Goojha, Jeffrey Manning, Jordan White
CONTEXT: Supplementing iron-deficient nonanemic (IDNA) athletes with iron to improve performance is a trend in endurance sports. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the benefits of iron on performance, identify a ferritin level cutoff in IDNA athletes, and determine which iron supplementation regimens are most effective. DATA SOURCES: A search of the PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, ERIC, and Cochrane databases was performed in 2014 including all articles. Citations of pertinent review articles were also searched...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792727/added-value-of-including-entire-brain-on-body-imaging-with-fdg-pet-mri
#6
Ana M Franceschi, Robert Matthews, Lev Bangiyev, Nand Relan, Ammar Chaudhry, Dinko Franceschi
OBJECTIVE: FDG PET/MRI examination of the body is routinely performed from the skull base to the mid thigh. Many types of brain abnormalities potentially could be detected on PET/MRI if the head was included. The objective of this study was therefore to identify and characterize brain findings incidentally detected on PET/MRI of the body with the head included. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified 269 patients with FDG PET/MRI whole-body scans that included the head...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792723/-experimental-promotion-of-liver-regeneration-after-portal-vein-branch-ligation
#7
V Liška, V Třeška, H Mírka, O Vyčítal, J Brůha, L Haidingerová, J Beneš, Z Tonar, R Pálek, J Rosendorf
INTRODUCTION: Portal vein embolization or ligation (PVE/PVL) is part of most multi-stage liver procedures in the case of low future liver remnant volume (FLRV). PVE initiates compensatory hypertrophy of non-occluded liver parenchyma. This hypertrophy is stimulated by an increased volume of portal blood in the non-occluded veins. PVE results in adequate FLRV growth necessary for resection only in 63-96% patients. The aim of this publication is to summarize the possibilities of influencing liver regeneration after PVE/PVL in an experiment using cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6), a monoclonal antibody against TGF-β1 (MAB TGF-β1) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792683/top-down-deep-sequencing-of-ubiquitin-using-two-dimensional-mass-spectrometry
#8
Federico Floris, Lionel Chiron, Alice Lynch, Mark P Barrow, Marc-André Delsuc, Peter B O'Connor
Two-dimensional Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (2D FT-ICR MS or 2D MS) allows data independent fragmentation of all ions in a sample, and correlation of fragment ions to their precursors without isolation prior to fragmentation. Developments in computer capabilities and implementations in FTMS over of the last decade have allowed the technique to become a useful analytical tool for bottom-up proteomics (BUP), and more recently in top-down protein analysis (TDP). In this work, a new method of TDP is developed using two-dimensional mass spectrometry, called MS/2D FT-ICR MS or MS/2DMS...
May 24, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792666/chemical-evolution-in-silicon-graphite-composite-anodes-investigated-by-vibrational-spectroscopy
#9
Rose E Ruther, Kevin A Hays, Seong Jin An, Jianlin Li, David L Wood, Jagjit Nanda
Silicon-graphite composites are under development for the next generation of high-capacity lithium-ion anodes, and vibrational spectroscopy is a powerful tool to identify the different mechanisms that contribute to performance loss. With alloy anodes, the underlying causes of cell failure are significantly different in half-cells with lithium metal counter electrodes compared to full cells with standard cathodes. However, most studies which take advantage of vibrational spectroscopy have only examined half-cells...
May 24, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792470/the-science-of-teamwork-progress-reflections-and-the-road-ahead
#10
Eduardo Salas, Denise L Reyes, Susan H McDaniel
We need teams in nearly every aspect of our lives (e.g., hospitals, schools, flight decks, nuclear power plants, oil rigs, the military, and corporate offices). Nearly a century of psychological science has uncovered extensive knowledge about team-related processes and outcomes. In this article, we draw from the reviews and articles of this special issue to identify 10 key reflections that have arisen in the team literature, briefly summarized here. Team researchers have developed many theories surrounding the multilayered aspects of teams, such that now we have a solid theoretical basis for teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792292/identifying-medication-management-smartphone-app-features-suitable-for-young-adults-with-developmental-disabilities-delphi-consensus-study
#11
Teresa M Salgado, Alexa Fedrigon, Donna Riccio Omichinski, Michelle A Meade, Karen B Farris
BACKGROUND: Smartphone apps can be a tool to facilitate independent medication management among persons with developmental disabilities. At present, multiple medication management apps exist in the market, but only 1 has been specifically designed for persons with developmental disabilities. Before initiating further app development targeting this population, input from stakeholders including persons with developmental disabilities, caregivers, and professionals regarding the most preferred features should be obtained...
May 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792184/knowledge-of-orthodontic-tooth-movement-through-the-maxillary-sinus-a-systematic-review
#12
Wentian Sun, Kai Xia, Xinqi Huang, Xiao Cen, Qing Liu, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the feasibility, safety and stability of current interventions for moving teeth through the maxillary sinus (MTTMS) by performing a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI and SIGLE were searched without a language restriction. The primary outcomes were parameters related to orthodontic treatment, including orthodontic protocols, magnitude of forces, type of tooth movement, duration and rate of tooth movement, and remolding of alveolar bone and the maxillary sinus floor...
May 23, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792183/estimated-intraoperative-blood-loss-correlates-with-postoperative-cardiopulmonary-complications-and-length-of-stay-in-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lung-cancer-lobectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Shuangjiang Li, Kun Zhou, Yutian Lai, Cheng Shen, Yanming Wu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to estimate the influence of estimated intraoperative blood loss (EIBL) on postoperative cardiopulmonary complications (PCCs) in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis on the clinical data of consecutive patients in our institution between April 2015 and February 2016. Demographic differences between PCC group and non-PCC group were initially assessed...
May 23, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792162/overlapping-but-distinct-topology-for-zebrafish-v2r-like-olfactory-receptors-reminiscent-of-odorant-receptor-spatial-expression-zones
#14
Gaurav Ahuja, Vera Reichel, Daniel Kowatschew, Adnan S Syed, Aswani Kumar Kotagiri, Yuichiro Oka, Franco Weth, Sigrun I Korsching
BACKGROUND: The sense of smell is unrivaled in terms of molecular complexity of its input channels. Even zebrafish, a model vertebrate system in many research fields including olfaction, possesses several hundred different olfactory receptor genes, organized in four different gene families. For one of these families, the initially discovered odorant receptors proper, segregation of expression into distinct spatial subdomains within a common sensory surface has been observed both in teleost fish and in mammals...
May 23, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792124/hypersensitivity-to-alemtuzumab-a-safe-and-effective-desensitization-protocol-a-case-report
#15
Diego Gutiérrez-Fernández, Mónica Saldaña-Valderas, Raquel de la Varga-Martínez, Antonio Foncubierta-Fernández, María J Fernández-Anguita, Maria Del C Fernández-Valle, Fermín Medina-Varo
We describe a successful desensitization to alemtuzumab in one patient diagnosed with T-cell prolymphocytic leukaemia. Alemtuzumab treatment was initiated during infusion number 18, the patient showed cutaneous eruption with a miliary pattern, despite premedication with corticosteroids and antihistamines. The eruption returned with successive alemtuzumab infusions (infusions 19, 20 and 21), remained present for longer and was more severe with each infusion. The patient was referred to our Allergy Unit as it was necessary to maintain alemtuzumab treatment...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792101/utility-of-a-novel-elastic-traction-system-in-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-via-breast-approach-initial-experience-with-34-patients
#16
Yi-Jun Lyu, Fang Shen, Hai Zhang, Gao-Xiang Chen
Objective To summarize our experiences in using an elastic traction, space-making technique for endoscopic thyroidectomy via breast approach in the treatment of early-stage differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on patients who underwent endoscopic thyroidectomy via breast approach for thyroid carcinoma in our department. We used our self-developed "mini elastic traction space-maker" in a group of 34 patients; another 45 patients who underwent the procedure with the conventional CO2 insufflation method were enlisted as the control group...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792097/the-effect-of-loneliness-on-depression-a-meta-analysis
#17
Evren Erzen, Özkan Çikrikci
BACKGROUND: Negative emotions, which have a common, chronic and recurrent structure, play a vital role in the development and maintenance of psychopathology. In this study, loneliness as a negative emotion was considered to be a predisposing factor in depression. AIM: The aim of this meta-analysis is to determine the effect of loneliness on depression. METHOD: Initially, a literature scan was performed and all related literature was pooled together ( n = 531)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792060/warfarin-monitoring-with-viscoelastic-haemostatic-assays-thrombin-generation-coagulation-factors-and-correlations-to-owren-and-quick-prothrombin-time
#18
Caroline U Nilsson, Karin Strandberg, Peter Reinstrup
The anticoagulant warfarin is commonly monitored with prothrombin time (PT). Viscoelastic haemostatic assays (VHA) are primarily used in situations of acute bleeding to guide haemostatic therapy. Much research has focused on VHA monitoring of new oral anticoagulants. However, many patients are still anticoagulated with warfarin and effect of warfarin anticoagulation on VHA is uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess warfarin anticoagulation on three different VHA and compare these findings with prothrombin time (PT), coagulation factor analyses and a thrombin generation assay (TGA)...
May 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792059/pitfalls-in-the-diagnosis-of-meningitis-in-neonates-and-young-infants-the-role-of-lumbar-puncture
#19
Luca Bedetti, Lucia Marrozzini, Alessandro Baraldi, Elisabetta Spezia, Lorenzo Iughetti, Laura Lucaccioni, Alberto Berardi
Meningitis occurs frequently in neonates and can lead to a number of acute, severe complications and long-term disabilities. An early diagnosis of neonatal meningitis is essential to reduce mortality and to improve outcomes. Initial clinical signs of meningitis are often subtle and frequently overlap with those of sepsis, and current haematologic tests do not distinguish sepsis from meningitis. Thus, lumbar puncture remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of meningitis in infants, and this procedure is recommended in clinical guidelines...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791984/-the-management-of-common-bile-duct-stones
#20
REVIEW
Chang Hwan Park
Common bile duct (CBD) stone is a relatively frequent disorder with a prevalence of 10-20% in patients with gallstones. This is also associated with serious complications, including obstructive jaundice, acute suppurative cholangitis, and acute pancreatitis. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is the most important for managing CBD stones. According to a recent meta-analysis, endoscopic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography have high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of CBD stones...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
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