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Protein lysosomal lipase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914259/deprotection-induced-morphology-transition-and-immuno-activation-of-glyco-vesicles-a-strategy-of-smart-delivery-polymersomes
#1
Wenjing Qi, Yufei Zhang, Jue Wang, Guoqing Tao, Libin Wu, Zdravko Kochovski, Hongjian Gao, Guosong Chen, Ming Jiang
We proposed the deprotection-induced block copolymer self-assembly (DISA), that is, the deprotection of hydroxyl groups resulted in in situ self-assembly of glycopolymers. In the previous studies, block copolymers soluble in common organic solvents were employed as the starting material. In this paper, by using the protected glyco-block containing pre-assembled glyco-vesicles in water as the starting material, we moved forward and made two exceeding achievements. Firstly, we have observed a deprotection-induced morphology transition trigged by alkali in water...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802621/emerging-concepts-of-ganglioside-metabolism
#2
REVIEW
Roger Sandhoff, Konrad Sandhoff
Gangliosides (GGs) are sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids (GSLs) and major membrane components enriched on cellular surfaces. Biosynthesis of mammalian GGs starts at the cytosolic leaflet of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes with the formation of their hydrophobic ceramide anchors. After intracellular ceramide transfer to Golgi and trans-Golgi network (TGN) membranes, anabolism of GGs, as well as of other GSLs, is catalyzed by membrane-spanning glycosyltransferases (GTs) along the secretory pathway...
May 26, 2018: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778561/severe-xanthomatosis-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#3
Sumayah Aljenedil, Isabelle Ruel, Kevin Watters, Jacques Genest
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic lipoprotein disorder characterized by elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, (tendinous xanthomas, xanthelasmas, and premature arcus corneus) and early onset atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Familial hypercholesterolemia is caused by mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor, apolipoprotein B or proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes. Rare mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor adapter protein 1, APOE p...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599133/lal-lysosomal-acid-lipase-promotes-reverse-cholesterol-transport-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Kristin L Bowden, Joshua A Dubland, Teddy Chan, You-Hai Xu, Gregory A Grabowski, Hong Du, Gordon A Francis
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of LAL (lysosomal acid lipase) in macrophage cholesterol efflux and whole-body reverse cholesterol transport. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Immortalized peritoneal macrophages from lal-/- mice showed reduced expression of ABCA1 (ATP-binding cassette transporter A1) and ABCG1 (ATP-binding cassette transporter G1), reduced production of the regulatory oxysterol 27-hydroxycholesterol, and impaired suppression of cholesterol synthesis on exposure to acetylated low-density lipoprotein when compared with lal+/+ macrophages...
May 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475941/genetic-disruption-of-multiple-%C3%AE-1-2-mannosidases-generates-mammalian-cells-producing-recombinant-proteins-with-high-mannose-type-n-glycans
#5
Ze-Cheng Jin, Toshihiko Kitajima, Weijie Dong, Yi-Fan Huang, Wei-Wei Ren, Feng Guan, Yasunori Chiba, Xiao-Dong Gao, Morihisa Fujita
Recombinant therapeutic proteins are becoming very important pharmaceutical agents for treating intractable diseases. Most biopharmaceutical proteins are produced in mammalian cells because this ensures correct folding and glycosylation for protein stability and function. However, protein production in mammalian cells has several drawbacks, including heterogeneity of glycans attached to the produced protein. In this study, we established cell lines with high-mannose-type N -linked, low-complexity glycans. We first knocked out two genes encoding Golgi mannosidases ( MAN1A1 and MAN1A2 ) in HEK293 cells...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374495/long-term-substrate-reduction-therapy-with-ezetimibe-alone-or-associated-with-statins-in-three-adult-patients-with-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency
#6
Maja Di Rocco, Livia Pisciotta, Annalisa Madeo, Marta Bertamino, Stefano Bertolini
BACKGROUND: Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency is an autosomal recessive metabolic disease with a wide range of severity from Wolman Disease to Cholesterol Ester Storage Disease. Recently enzyme replacement therapy with sebelipase alpha has been approved by drug agencies for treatment of this lysosomal disease. Ezetimibe is an azetidine derivative which blocks Niemann Pick C1-Like 1 Protein; as its consequence, plasmatic concentration of low density lipoproteins and other apoB-containing lipoproteins, that are the substrate of lysosomal acid lipase, are decreased...
January 27, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924047/endothelial-rab7-gtpase-mediates-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-in-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficient-mice
#7
Ting Zhao, Xinchun Ding, Cong Yan, Hong Du
Tumors depend on their microenvironment for sustained growth, invasion, and metastasis. In this environment, endothelial cells (ECs) are an important stromal cell type interacting with malignant cells to facilitate tumor angiogenesis and cancer cell extravasation. Of note, lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) deficiency facilitates melanoma growth and metastasis. ECs from LAL-deficient ( lal -/- ) mice possess enhanced proliferation, migration, and permeability of inflammatory cells by activating the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882870/crispr-cas9-mediated-gene-editing-in-human-ipsc-derived-macrophage-reveals-lysosomal-acid-lipase-function-in-human-macrophages-brief-report
#8
Hanrui Zhang, Jianting Shi, Melanie A Hachet, Chenyi Xue, Robert C Bauer, Hongfeng Jiang, Wenjun Li, Junichiro Tohyama, John Millar, Jeffrey Billheimer, Michael C Phillips, Babak Razani, Daniel J Rader, Muredach P Reilly
OBJECTIVE: To gain mechanistic insights into the role of LIPA (lipase A), the gene encoding LAL (lysosomal acid lipase) protein, in human macrophages. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We used CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)/Cas9 (CRISPR-associated protein 9) technology to knock out LIPA in human induced pluripotent stem cells and then differentiate to macrophage (human-induced pluripotent stem cells-derived macrophage [IPSDM]) to explore the human macrophage LIPA loss-of-function phenotypes...
November 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860124/quantitative-analysis-of-the-proteome-response-to-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-hdaci-vorinostat-in-niemann-pick-type-c1-disease
#9
Kanagaraj Subramanian, Navin Rauniyar, Mathieu Lavalleé-Adam, John R Yates, William E Balch
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is an inherited, progressive neurodegenerative disorder principally caused by mutations in the NPC1 gene. NPC disease is characterized by the accumulation of unesterified cholesterol in the late endosomes (LE) and lysosomes (Ly) (LE/Ly). Vorinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), restores cholesterol homeostasis in fibroblasts derived from NPC patients; however, the exact mechanism by which Vorinostat restores cholesterol level is not known yet. In this study, we performed comparative proteomic profiling of the response of NPC1(I1061T) fibroblasts to Vorinostat...
November 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642584/molecular-switching-system-using-glycosylphosphatidylinositol-to-select-cells-highly-expressing-recombinant-proteins
#10
Emmanuel Matabaro, Zeng'an He, Yi-Shi Liu, Hui-Jie Zhang, Xiao-Dong Gao, Morihisa Fujita
Although many pharmaceutical proteins are produced in mammalian cells, there remains a challenge to select cell lines that express recombinant proteins with high productivity. Since most biopharmaceutical proteins are secreted by cells into the medium, it is difficult to select cell lines that produce large amounts of the target protein. To address this issue, a new protein expression system using the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor was developed. PGAP2 is involved in processing GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) during transport...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415797/rab7-gtpase-controls-lipid-metabolic-signaling-in-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells
#11
Xinchun Ding, Wenjing Zhang, Ting Zhao, Cong Yan, Hong Du
Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) is a critical neutral lipid metabolic enzyme that regulates metabolic reprogramming in myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) through over-activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Affymetrix GeneChip microarray analysis of MDSCs from LAL deficient mouse (lal-/-) revealed upregulation of Rab7 GTPase protein, which belongs to a superfamily of small-molecular-weight GTPase known to regulate intracellular membrane trafficking from early to late endosomes and lysosomes. Here, the physical protein-protein interaction between Rab7 GTPase and mTOR has been detected by co-immunoprecipitation in the cell extract of wild type HD1A and lal-/- MDSC-like HD1B myeloid cell lines...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321238/association-of-non-synonymous-variants-in-wipf3-and-lipa-genes-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-an-autopsy-study
#12
Yuko Maeda, Noriko Sato, Makiko Naka-Mieno, Seijiro Mori, Tomio Arai, Masashi Tanaka, Masaaki Muramatsu, Motoji Sawabe
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a multifactorial disease with strong genetic components. Various genetic loci have been associated with clinical AAA, but few studies have investigated pathological AAA, an intermediate phenotype of the disease. METHODS: We examined 2263 consecutive autopsies of older Japanese subjects from a study on geriatric diseases in Japanese individuals (The JG-SNP study). The presence of AAA was determined with a pathological diagnosis during autopsy...
December 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279971/coronary-artery-disease-associated-lipa-coding-variant-rs1051338-reduces-lysosomal-acid-lipase-levels-and-activity-in-lysosomes
#13
Gavin E Morris, Peter S Braund, Jasbir S Moore, Nilesh J Samani, Veryan Codd, Tom R Webb
OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies have linked variants at chromosome 10q23 with increased coronary artery disease risk. The disease-associated variants fall in LIPA, which encodes lysosomal acid lipase (LAL), the enzyme responsible for lysosomal cholesteryl ester hydrolysis. Loss-of-function mutations in LIPA result in accelerated atherosclerosis. Surprisingly, the coronary artery disease variants are associated with increased LIPA expression in some cell types. In this study, we address this apparent contradiction...
June 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997605/role-of-myeloperoxidase-oxidants-in-the-modulation-of-cellular-lysosomal-enzyme-function-a-contributing-factor-to-macrophage-dysfunction-in-atherosclerosis
#14
Fahd O Ismael, Tessa J Barrett, Diba Sheipouri, Bronwyn E Brown, Michael J Davies, Clare L Hawkins
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is the major source of lipid within atherosclerotic lesions. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is present in lesions and forms the reactive oxidants hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN). These oxidants modify LDL and have been strongly linked with the development of atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined the effect of HOCl, HOSCN and LDL pre-treated with these oxidants on the function of lysosomal enzymes responsible for protein catabolism and lipid hydrolysis in murine macrophage-like J774A...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799810/novel-treatment-options-for-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-critical-appraisal-of-sebelipase-alfa
#15
REVIEW
Kim Su, Emma Donaldson, Reena Sharma
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is a rare disorder of cholesterol metabolism with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The absence or deficiency of the LAL enzyme gives rise to pathological accumulation of cholesterol esters in various tissues. A severe LAL-D phenotype manifesting in infancy is associated with adrenal calcification and liver and gastrointestinal involvement with characteristic early mortality. LAL-D presenting in childhood and adulthood is associated with hepatomegaly, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and premature atherosclerosis...
2016: Application of Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662254/lysosomal-lipases-plrp2-and-lpla2-process-mycobacterial-multi-acylated-lipids-and-generate-t-cell-stimulatory-antigens
#16
Martine Gilleron, Marco Lepore, Emilie Layre, Diane Cala-De Paepe, Naila Mebarek, James A Shayman, Stéphane Canaan, Lucia Mori, Frédéric Carrière, Germain Puzo, Gennaro De Libero
Complex antigens require processing within antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to form T cell stimulatory complexes with CD1 antigen-presenting molecules. It remains unknown whether lipids with multi-acylated moieties also necessitate digestion by lipases to become capable of binding CD1 molecules and stimulate T cells. Here, we show that the mycobacterial tetra-acylated glycolipid antigens phosphatidyl-myo-inositol mannosides (PIM) are digested to di-acylated forms by pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 (PLRP2) and lysosomal phospholipase A2 (LPLA2) within APCs...
September 22, 2016: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646002/cell-surface-cd36-protein-in-monocyte-macrophage-contributes-to-phagocytosis-during-the-resolution-phase-of-ischemic-stroke-in-mice
#17
Moon-Sook Woo, Jiwon Yang, Cesar Beltran, Sunghee Cho
Infiltrating monocyte-derived macrophages (M-MΦ) influence stroke-induced brain injury. Although the inflammatory nature of M-MΦ in acute stroke has been well documented, their role during the resolution phase of stroke is less clear. With emerging evidence for the involvement of scavenger receptors in innate immunity, this study addresses an M-MΦ CD36 role in mediating phagocytosis during the recovery phase of stroke. Stroke increases CD36 and TSP-1/2 mRNA levels in the ipsilateral hemisphere at acute (3-day (d)) and recovery (7d) periods...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341145/telemetric-control-of-peripheral-lipophagy-by-hypothalamic-autophagy
#18
Nuria Martinez-Lopez, Rajat Singh
Autophagy maintains cellular quality control by degrading organelles, and cytosolic proteins and their aggregates in lysosomes. Autophagy also degrades lipid droplets (LD) through a process termed lipophagy. During lipophagy, LD are sequestered within autophagosomes and degraded by lysosomal acid lipases to generate free fatty acids that are β-oxidized for energy. Lipophagy was discovered in hepatocytes, and since then has been shown to function in diverse cell types. Whether lipophagy degrades LD in the major fat storing cell-the adipocyte-remained unclear...
August 2, 2016: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319346/the-processing-and-presentation-of-lipids-and-glycolipids-to-the-immune-system
#19
REVIEW
Vincent F Vartabedian, Paul B Savage, Luc Teyton
The recognition of CD1-lipid complexes by T cells was discovered 20 years ago and has since been an emerging and expanding field of investigation. Unlike protein antigens, which are presented on MHC class I and II molecules, lipids can only be presented by CD1 molecules, a unique family of MHC-like proteins whose singularity is a hydrophobic antigen-binding groove. The processing and loading of lipid antigens inside this groove of CD1 molecules require localization to endosomal and lysosomal subcellular compartments and their acidic pHs...
July 2016: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153842/lysosomal-acid-lipase-regulates-vldl-synthesis-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice
#20
Branislav Radović, Nemanja Vujić, Christina Leopold, Stefanie Schlager, Madeleine Goeritzer, Jay V Patankar, Melanie Korbelius, Dagmar Kolb, Julia Reindl, Martin Wegscheider, Tamara Tomin, Ruth Birner-Gruenberger, Matthias Schittmayer, Lukas Groschner, Christoph Magnes, Clemens Diwoky, Saša Frank, Ernst Steyrer, Hong Du, Wolfgang F Graier, Tobias Madl, Dagmar Kratky
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) hydrolyses cholesteryl esters and triacylglycerols (TG) within lysosomes to mobilise NEFA and cholesterol. Since LAL-deficient (Lal (-/-) ) mice suffer from progressive loss of adipose tissue and severe accumulation of lipids in hepatic lysosomes, we hypothesised that LAL deficiency triggers alternative energy pathway(s). METHODS: We studied metabolic adaptations in Lal (-/-) mice. RESULTS: Despite loss of adipose tissue, Lal (-/-) mice show enhanced glucose clearance during insulin and glucose tolerance tests and have increased uptake of [(3)H]2-deoxy-D-glucose into skeletal muscle compared with wild-type mice...
August 2016: Diabetologia
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