keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Irrationality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332026/medicinal-plant-materials-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-neurobiological-aspects
#1
Miłosz Jan Gołyszny, Ewa Obuchowicz
Context • Pathological anxiety, which affects approximately one-third of the world population, is an inadequate, irrational reaction of an organism to the environment and to a potential threat. Despite advancements in pharmacotherapy for anxiety disorders, further studies are still necessary to search for new substances possessing the desired anxiolytic effects, with as few unwanted effects as possible. Objective • This study intended to examine the characteristics of medicinal plant materials that exhibit anxiolytic properties, with a special emphasis on the mechanisms of action of their active ingredients on the systems involved in the pathophysiology of anxiety...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317314/phi-in-physiology-psychology-and-biomechanics-the-golden-ratio-between-myth-and-science
#2
REVIEW
Marco Iosa, Giovanni Morone, Stefano Paolucci
In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the use of the so-called golden ratio (Phi, ϕ), an irrational number with fractal properties, used in artworks since V century BC. and now for modelling complex biological structures and functions. This number, in fact, recursively pops-up in human history, from Ancient Greeks to Renaissance, and to contemporary scientific studies. Nevertheless, recent scientific results often fall between two extremes: those of a priori sceptic researchers accusing the artificial emergence of ϕ in many studies, and those of researchers that find a mystic meaning in the presence of ϕ in human physiology...
January 6, 2018: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304119/validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-irrational-procrastination-scale-ips
#3
Georgina Guilera, Maite Barrios, Eva Penelo, Christopher Morin, Piers Steel, Juana Gómez-Benito
The present study is centered in adapting and validating a Spanish version of the Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS). The sample consists of 365 adults aged 18-77 years (M = 37.70, SD = 12.64). Participants were administered two measures of procrastination, the IPS and the Decisional Procrastination Questionnaire, as well as the Big Five Inventory, and the Satisfaction With Life Scale. First, the factor and replication analysis revealed that the internal structure of the scale is clearly one-dimensional, supporting the idea that IPS seems to measure general procrastination as a single trait...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301289/local-choices-rationality-and-the-contextuality-of-decision-making
#4
Ivo Vlaev
Rational explanation is ubiquitous in psychology and social sciences, ranging from rational analysis, expectancy-value theories, ideal observer models, mental logic to probabilistic frameworks, rational choice theory, and informal "folk psychological" explanation. However, rational explanation appears to be challenged by apparently systematic irrationality observed in psychological experiments, especially in the field of judgement and decision-making (JDM). Here, it is proposed that the experimental results require not that rational explanation should be rejected, but that rational explanation is local, i...
January 2, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231092/test-retest-reliability-of-the-irrational-performance-beliefs-inventory
#5
M J Turner, M J Slater, J Dixon, A Miller
The irrational performance beliefs inventory (iPBI) was developed to measure irrational beliefs within performance domains such as sport, academia, business, and the military. Past research indicates that the iPBI has good construct, concurrent, and predictive validity, but the test-retest reliability of the iPBI has not yet been examined. Therefore, in the present study the iPBI was administered to university sport and exercise students (n = 160) and academy soccer athletes (n = 75) at three-time points...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228528/the-dilemma-of-irrational-antibiotic-and-corticosteroid-prescription-in-iran-how-much-it-can-affect-the-medicine-expenditures
#6
Parisa Mehdizadeh, Nooredin Dopeykar, Mohammad Meskarpour-Amiri, Hediyeh Zekri, Mahmoud Salesi
In recent years the high cost of medicines and the lack of it were one of the major problems in developing countries that despite numerous efforts to solve the root causes of this problem, the issue remains, unfortunately. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the impact of antibiotics and corticosteroids prescription on the medicines expenditures. This was descriptive-analytical study that conducted to assess the function of medical expenditures through prescription letters and analysis the factors affecting medicine expenditures...
October 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202082/assessment-of-the-availability-and-rationality-of-unregistered-fixed-dose-drug-combinations-in-nepal-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#7
Arjun Poudel, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Pranaya Mishra, Subish Palaian
Background: The medications that are registered and available in a country are meant for the prevention and treatment of ailments and diseases. However, a lack of effective regulatory bodies and operative control mechanisms, especially in developing countries, promotes irrational and inappropriate use of medicines. This study aims to evaluate the availability and rationality of unregistered fixed-dose drug combinations (FDCs) in Nepal. Methods: A snowball sampling method with visits to 20 retail pharmacies in each of five major cities in Nepal was used to assess the availability of unregistered FDCs...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200738/in-vitro-bioassay-guided-isolation-of-radioprotective-fractions-from-extracts-of-pinus-koraiensis-bark
#8
Keli Yun, Jian-Hai Bai, ZhenYu Wang
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate radioprotective effect of extracts of Pinus koraiensis bark and its fractions on rat splenocytes by using bioassay-guided isolation in order to obtain the best active fraction. Materials and Methods: P. koraiensis bark was ground and extracted with water, 40% acetone, 95% ethanol. Bio-guided assay was selected as an evaluation method to further fractionate radioprotective component from P. koraiensis bark extract...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197436/a-novel-evidence-based-periodontal-prognosis-model
#9
Troy McGowan, Kelly McGowan, Saso Ivanovski
OBJECTIVE: Patients with periodontal disease and the dental professionals responsible for their care want to know which teeth are expected to respond favorably to periodontal treatment and which teeth are likely to be lost in the short and long term. A number of different periodontal prognosis systems have been previously proposed but do not consider important patient-level factors, such as smoking and diabetic control, in the calculation of the expected outcome and often use subjective measures that introduce potential inaccuracies...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183293/prescribing-patterns-of-rural-family-physicians-a-study-in-kermanshah-province-iran
#10
Fariba Ahmadi, Ehsan Zarei
BACKGROUND: The inappropriate use of drugs due to irrational prescriptions is a common problem in Iran, but there is little evidence of prescription patterns in rural family physicians. This study aimed to explore the prescribing pattern and rational drug use indicators for family physicians using Index of Rational Drug Prescribing (IRDP) in Kermanshah Province, Iran. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 352,399 prescriptions from 184 family physicians in 103 primary health care (PHC) centers were examined...
November 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182938/does-disease-cause-vaccination-disease-outbreaks-and-vaccination-response
#11
Emily Oster
Parental fear of vaccines has limited vaccination rates in the United States. I test whether disease outbreaks increase vaccination using a new dataset of county-level disease and vaccination data. I find that pertussis (whooping cough) outbreaks in a county decrease the share of unvaccinated children entering kindergarten. These responses do not reflect changes in the future disease risk. I argue that these facts are best fit by a model in which individuals are both myopic and irrational. This suggests that better promotion of information about outbreaks could enhance the response...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180978/emotion-regulation-ability-and-resilience-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-from-a-suburban-area
#12
José M Mestre, Juan M Núñez-Lozano, Rocío Gómez-Molinero, Antonio Zayas, Rocío Guil
Earlier research has identified a remarkable number of related factors to resilience during adolescence. Historically, theoretical treatments of resilience have been focused almost exclusively on psychosocial levels of analysis to derive explanatory models. However, there is insufficient understanding of the role of emotion regulation explaining competent functioning despite the experience of adversity (resilience), especially during adolescence. This study explores the relationship between both, emotional regulation abilities and strategies, and resilience in a sample of adolescents from suburbs high-schools (Jerez de la Frontera, Spain)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177467/true-pathogen-or-contamination-validation-of-blood-cultures-for-the-diagnosis-of-nosocomial-infections-in-a-developing-country
#13
Indah K Murni, Trevor Duke, Andrew J Daley, Sharon Kinney, Yati Soenarto
Background: Blood culture results are frequently used to guide antibiotic decision-making, but culture contaminants need to be distinguished from true pathogens. Aims: To assess the contamination rate of blood cultures and validate a method to distinguish between true bacteraemia and contamination. Methods: We analysed blood culture results from children who were admitted to the paediatric ICU and paediatric wards at the Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia between December 2010 and February 2013...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163302/irrational-delay-revisited-examining-five-procrastination-scales-in-a-global-sample
#14
Frode Svartdal, Piers Steel
Scales attempting to measure procrastination focus on different facets of the phenomenon, yet they share a common understanding of procrastination as an unnecessary, unwanted, and disadvantageous delay. The present paper examines in a global sample (N = 4,169) five different procrastination scales - Decisional Procrastination Scale (DPS), Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS), Pure Procrastination Scale (PPS), Adult Inventory of Procrastination Scale (AIP), and General Procrastination Scale (GPS), focusing on factor structures and item functioning using Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Item Response Theory...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159891/the-experience-of-sexuality-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#15
M D Gil-Llario, V Morell-Mengual, R Ballester-Arnal, I Díaz-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disability have the same sexual needs as those without any disability, yet their sexuality is often restricted by reluctant attitudes and/or fears based on irrational beliefs. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse different areas of sexuality in adults with mild or moderate intellectual disability. METHOD: The sample consisted of 180 men and 180 women attending occupational centres. All the participants were administered a questionnaire about sexuality adapted to their characteristics...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151319/patients-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-drug-use-a-survey-in-turkish-family-healthcare-centres-and-state-hospitals
#16
Ahmet Akıcı, Salih Mollahaliloğlu, Başak Dönertaş, Şenay Özgülcü, Ali Alkan, Nesrin Filiz Başaran
Background/aim: Irrational drug use is a common problem. This study aimed to evaluate patients' knowledge and habits concerning drug use, and compare them in terms of some sociodemographic characteristics. Materials and methods: A face-to-face questionnaire was given to outpatients from family healthcare centres (FHCs) and state hospitals (SHs) in 12 provinces in Turkey during May 2010. A total of 4470 patients (FHCs: 2209; SHs: 2261) responded to the questionnaire (response rate: 93.1%). Results: Getting prescriptions without a physical examination was common (second place in FHCs; third place in SHs); 51...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149850/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-psychological-distress-positive-mental-health-and-their-predictors-in-medical-students-in-their-clinical-clerkships
#17
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Medical students can experience the transition from theory to clinical clerkships as stressful. Scientific literature on the mental health of clinical clerkship students is scarce and mental health is usually defined as absence of psychological distress without assessing psychological, emotional and social wellbeing, together called 'positive mental health'. This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of psychological distress and positive mental health and explores possible predictors in a Dutch sample of clinical clerkship students...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127137/ethics-of-treatment-interruption-trials-in-hiv-cure-research-addressing-the-conundrum-of-risk-benefit-assessment
#18
Gail E Henderson, Holly L Peay, Eugene Kroon, Rosemary Jean Cadigan, Karen Meagher, Thidarat Jupimai, Adam Gilbertson, Jill Fisher, Nuchanart Q Ormsby, Nitiya Chomchey, Nittaya Phanuphak, Jintanat Ananworanich, Stuart Rennie
Though antiretroviral therapy is the standard of care for people living with HIV, its treatment limitations, burdens, stigma and costs lead to continued interest in HIV cure research. Early-phase cure trials, particularly those that include analytic treatment interruption (ATI), involve uncertain and potentially high risk, with minimal chance of clinical benefit. Some question whether such trials should be offered, given the risk/benefit imbalance, and whether those who choose to participate are acting rationally...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121840/role-of-irrational-beliefs-and-anger-rumination-on-nurses-anger-expression-styles
#19
Eun-Mi Ham, Mi-Jin You
The aim of this study was to identify whether certain cognitive factors, such as irrational beliefs and anger rumination, affect nurses' anger expression styles. A total of 335 nurses employed at four tertiary hospitals in Korea completed surveys between July 29 and September 25, 2015. The surveys included Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale, the Korean Version of the Anger Rumination Scale, and the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-Korean version. Results revealed that higher levels of irrational beliefs and anger rumination were associated with more anger-in and anger-out, and less anger-control expressions...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119961/-the-effectiveness-of-the-improvement-of-health-in-the-schoolchildren-staying-in-a-country-summer-camp
#20
D N Lir, A Ya Perevalov
Organization of recreational activities in the children's camps is inseparable from the assessment of their effectiveness. AIM: The objective of the present study was to estimate the influence of the pastime of the children in a summer camp under the habitual climatic conditions and the resulting improvement of their health status including the body component composition and the functional state of the organism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 44 schoolchildren at the age from 9 to12 years...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
keyword
keyword
89242
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"