keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Irrationality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904178/topical-steroid-awareness-and-abuse-a-prospective-study-among-dermatology-outpatients
#1
T S Nagesh, A Akhilesh
BACKGROUND: Topical steroids are one of the most commonly abused drugs. There are only a few studies available which have highlighted the severity of this problem in India. However, these studies have concentrated mainly on the topical steroid abuse and its side effects over the face. AIMS: The aim of this study was to know the awareness among the people about various commonly available topical steroids and their combinations irrespective of usage and to know the extent of misuse of these drugs...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851777/moralized-rationality-relying-on-logic-and-evidence-in-the-formation-and-evaluation-of-belief-can-be-seen-as-a-moral-issue
#2
Tomas Ståhl, Maarten P Zaal, Linda J Skitka
In the present article we demonstrate stable individual differences in the extent to which a reliance on logic and evidence in the formation and evaluation of beliefs is perceived as a moral virtue, and a reliance on less rational processes is perceived as a vice. We refer to this individual difference variable as moralized rationality. Eight studies are reported in which an instrument to measure individual differences in moralized rationality is validated. Results show that the Moralized Rationality Scale (MRS) is internally consistent, and captures something distinct from the personal importance people attach to being rational (Studies 1-3)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843792/a-study-of-medication-errors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
Nrupal Patel, Mira Desai, Samdih Shah, Prakruti Patel, Anuradha Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and types of medication errors (MEs), to evaluate occurrence of drug-drug interactions (DDIs), and assess rationality of prescription orders in a tertiary care teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted in General Medicine and Pediatric ward of Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad during October 2012 to January 2014. MEs were categorized as prescription error, dispensing error, and administration error (AE)...
October 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829701/do-weaponless-males-of-the-hermit-crab-pagurus-minutus-give-up-contests-without-escalation-behavior-of-intruders-that-lack-their-major-cheliped-in-male-male-contests
#4
Chiaki I Yasuda, Tsunenori Koga
In dyadic contests, theoretical studies have predicted that weaker contestants are less likely to engage in fights to minimize the cost of aggression. Since the major cheliped of decapod crustaceans is critically important as a weapon, contestants without a major cheliped should be more likely to give up the contests. We therefore examined whether loss of the major cheliped by the hermit crab Pagurus minutus would affect their decision to escalate male-male contests over guarded females. Intruders without a major cheliped showed no difference in the frequency of escalation compared with intact intruders, and the decision to give up was affected by the body size difference between the contestants...
2016: Journal of Ethology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815016/what-is-unrealistic-optimism
#5
Anneli Jefferson, Lisa Bortolotti, Bojana Kuzmanovic
Here we consider the nature of unrealistic optimism and other related positive illusions. We are interested in whether cognitive states that are unrealistically optimistic are belief states, whether they are false, and whether they are epistemically irrational. We also ask to what extent unrealistically optimistic cognitive states are fixed. Based on the classic and recent empirical literature on unrealistic optimism, we offer some preliminary answers to these questions, thereby laying the foundations for answering further questions about unrealistic optimism, such as whether it has biological, psychological, or epistemic benefits...
November 1, 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812523/when-there-is-not-enough-evidence-and-when-evidence-is-not-enough-an-australian-indigenous-smoking-policy-study
#6
Daniel Vujcich, Mike Rayner, Steven Allender, Ray Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: The Indigenous Tobacco Control Initiative and Tackling Indigenous Smoking Measure were both announced by the Australian Government at a time when its rhetoric around the importance of evidence-based policy making was strong. This article will (1) examine how the Rudd Government used evidence in Indigenous tobacco control policy making and (2) explore the facilitators of and barriers to the use of evidence. METHODS: Data were collected through (1) a review of primary documents largely obtained under the Freedom of Information Act 1982 (Commonwealth of Australia) and (2) interviews with senior politicians, senior bureaucrats, government advisors, Indigenous health advocates, and academics...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803699/phylogenetic-insights-into-the-functional-relationship-between-primate-lentiviral-reverse-transcriptase-and-accessory-proteins-vpx-vpr
#7
Yosuke Sakai, Naoya Doi, Yasuyuki Miyazaki, Akio Adachi, Masako Nomaguchi
The efficiency of reverse transcription to synthesize viral DNA in infected cells greatly influences replication kinetics of retroviruses. However, viral replication in non-dividing cells such as resting T cells and terminally differentiated macrophages is potently and kinetically restricted by a host antiviral factor designated SAMHD1 (sterile alpha motif and HD-domain containing protein 1). SAMHD1 reduces cellular deoxynucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) pools and affects viral reverse transcription step. Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) and some simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) have Vpx or Vpr to efficiently degrade SAMHD1...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798755/quality-of-life-psychological-characteristics-and-adjustment-in-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Emilie Cappe, Mélanie Bolduc, Marie-Caroline Rougé, Marie-Claude Saiag, Richard Delorme
PURPOSE: This study investigated quality of life and adjustment mechanisms in parents of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Ninety parents of children with ADHD completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and self-assessment scales to measure their perceived stress, social support, sense of control, coping strategies and quality of life. RESULTS: ADHD in children negatively affected parents' quality of life, especially their psychological well-being and personal fulfillment...
October 31, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778078/development-and-health-keeping-hope-alive-in-the-midst-of-irrationality
#9
Fabián Méndez, Lyda Osorio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763400/vsed-narratives-exploring-complexity
#10
Robert Horowitz, Bernard Sussman, Timothy Quill
In this article three palliative care physicians review narratives about the complicated experience of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED). Despite consensus about its legality, the decision to end life by VSED is emotionally and ethically challenging for patients, family members and clinicians. Each VSED story is unique, and the individual perspectives within a single story may diverge, conflict, and evolve over time. The narratives differ substantially in the range of suffering described, from acute, graphic, physical symptoms to primarily anticipatory and psychological distress...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757736/brief-report-reduced-optimism-bias-in-self-referential-belief-updating-in-high-functioning-autism
#11
Bojana Kuzmanovic, Lionel Rigoux, Kai Vogeley
Previous research has demonstrated irrational asymmetry in belief updating: people tend to take into account good news and neglect bad news. Contradicting formal learning principles, belief updates were on average larger after better-than-expected information than after worse-than-expected information. In the present study, typically developing subjects demonstrated this optimism bias in self-referential judgments. In contrast, adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were significantly less biased when updating self-referential beliefs (each group n = 21, matched for age, gender and IQ)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756968/irrational-fixed-dose-combinations-of-psychotropic-drugs-in-india-cause-of-concern
#12
Madhusudan Singh Solanki, Girish Banwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756301/health-worker-and-policy-maker-perspectives-on-use-of-intramuscular-artesunate-for-pre-referral-and-definitive-treatment-of-severe-malaria-at-health-posts-in-ethiopia
#13
Takele Kefyalew, Zelalem Kebede, Dawit Getachew, David Mukanga, Tessema Awano, Agonafer Tekalegne, Esey Batisso, Wasihun Edossa, Emebet Mekonnen, James Tibenderana, Ebenezer Sheshi Baba, Constance Shumba, Joaniter I Nankabirwa, Prudence Hamade
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends injectable artesunate given either intravenously or by the intramuscular route for definitive treatment for severe malaria and recommends a single intramuscular dose of intramuscular artesunate or intramuscular artemether or intramuscular quinine, in that order of preference as pre-referral treatment when definitive treatment is not possible. Where intramuscular injections are not available, children under 6 years may be administered a single dose of rectal artesunate...
October 18, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751701/suicidal-patients-with-a-do-not-resuscitate-order
#14
Mary P Henman
BACKGROUND: A suicidal person with a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order presents an ethical dilemma to the emergency physician. Many believe that suicide is an irrational action, and therefore, all suicide attempts must be treated. Others believe a DNR order should be respected even in the setting of a suicide attempt. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman with a known terminal illness presented to the emergency department after a suspected suicide attempt. She had a DNR order during her previous hospitalization...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747832/general-practitioners-prescribing-patterns-at-primary-healthcare-centers-in-national-health-insurance-gezira-sudan
#15
Bashir Mohamed Elmahi Yousif, Siripen Supakankunti
BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of medicines is essential for the provision of quality health services, patient safety, and the rational use of health resources. In Sudan, general practitioners (GPs) provide 80 % of insured patients' health services. Pharmaceutical service costs have been increasing since 2010. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to use the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs prescribing indicators to assess prescription quality among GPs in different types of primary healthcare centers (PHCCs) within the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) in Gezira State, Sudan...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738509/irrational-beliefs-predict-pain-discomfort-and-emotional-distress-as-a-result-of-pain-in-patients-with-non-cardiac-chest-pain
#16
Saeid Komasi, Ali Soroush, Mostafa Bahremand, Mozhgan Saeidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703441/rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt-irrational-and-rational-beliefs-and-the-mental-health-of-athletes
#17
Martin J Turner
In this article Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is proposed as a potentially important framework for the understanding and promotion of mental health in athletes. Cognitive-behavioral approaches predominate in the provision of sport psychology, and often form the backbone of psychological skills training for performance enhancement and maintenance. But far from being solely performance-focused, the cognitive-behavioral approach to sport psychology can restore, promote, and maintain mental health. This review article presents REBT (Ellis, 1957), the original cognitive behavioral therapy, as a valuable approach to addressing mental health issues in sport...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694668/what-can-we-learn-about-the-processes-of-regulation-of-tuberculosis-medicines-from-the-experiences-of-health-policy-and-system-actors-in-india-tanzania-and-zambia
#18
Kabir Sheikh, Mukund Uplekar
BACKGROUND: The unregulated availability and irrational use of tuberculosis (TB) medicines is a major issue of public health concern globally. Governments of many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have committed to regulating the quality and availability of TB medicines, but with variable success. Regulation of TB medicines remains an intractable challenge in many settings, but the reasons for this are poorly understood. The objective of this paper is to elaborate processes of regulation of quality and availability of TB medicines in three LMICs - India, Tanzania, and Zambia - and to understand the factors that constrain and enable these processes...
March 9, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688887/assessment-of-who-inrud-core-drug-use-indicators-in-two-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-bahawalpur-punjab-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Muhammad Azeem, Danial Umer, Abdul Rauf, Arslan Rasool, Muhammad Ahsan, Shane Scahill
BACKGROUND: Medicines are a main therapeutic intervention provided within hospitals and their proper use in the outpatient setting is important for patients and the community. The objective of this study was to evaluate drug use patterns in the outpatient departments (OPDs) of two tertiary care hospitals (Bahawal Victoria Hospital and Civil Hospital) in the Bahawalpur district of the Punjab province of Pakistan by employing the standard World Health Organization/International Network of Rational Use of Drugs (WHO/INRUD) drug use indicators...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682415/overcoming-procrastination-one-year-follow-up-and-predictors-of-change-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#20
Alexander Rozental, Erik Forsell, Andreas Svensson, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring
Procrastination is a common self-regulatory failure that can have a negative impact on well-being and performance. However, few clinical trials have been conducted, and no follow-up has ever been performed. The current study therefore aimed to provide evidence for the long-term benefits and investigate predictors of a positive treatment outcome among patients receiving Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT). A total of 150 self-recruited participants were randomized to guided or unguided ICBT. Self-report measures of procrastination, depression, anxiety, and quality of life were distributed at pre-treatment assessment, post-treatment assessment, and one-year follow-up...
September 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
keyword
keyword
89242
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"