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pediatric emergency medicine journal

Alejandro J Lopez, Justin K Scheer, Nader S Dahdaleh, Alpesh A Patel, Zachary A Smith
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The available literature on interspinous rigid fixation/fusion devices (IFD) was systematically reviewed to explore the devices' efficacy and complication profile. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The clinical application of new spinal technologies may proceed without well-established evidence, as is the case with IFDs. IFDs are plate-like devices that are attached to the lateral aspects of 2 adjacent spinous processes to promote rigidity at that segment...
July 19, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Daniel Hansen, Aditya Vedantam, Valentina BriceƱo, Sandi K Lam, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE The emphasis on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes is increasing, along with an emphasis on evidence-based medicine. However, there is a notable paucity of validated HRQOL instruments for the pediatric population. Furthermore, no standardization or consensus currently exists concerning which HRQOL outcome measures ought to be used in pediatric neurosurgery. The authors wished to identify HRQOL outcomes used in pediatric neurosurgery research over the past 10 years, their frequency, and usage trends...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Muhammad Waseem, Harrison Uffer, Elaine Josephson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and compare the 100 articles published in Pediatric Emergency Care (PEC) from its inception in 1985 to date that are most often cited. METHODS: Three online citation indices, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar, were examined to identify the 100 top cited articles from PEC. Mean citation numbers were used to rank the studies, due to differences in the results among the 3 citation indexes. Median citation number, country of origin, study topic within the field of pediatric emergency medicine, and year of publication were compiled, compared, and analyzed...
May 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Neha H Shah, Hai Jung H Rhim, Jennifer Maniscalco, Karen Wilson, Caroline Rassbach
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) fellowship programs have grown rapidly over the last 20 years and have varied in duration and content. In an effort to standardize training in the absence of a single accrediting body, PHM fellowship directors now meet annually to discuss strategies for standardizing and enhancing training. OBJECTIVES: To explore similarities and differences in curricular structure among PHM fellowship programs in an effort to inform future curriculum standardization efforts...
May 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
John V Ashurst, Michael Galuska
CONTEXT: With the recent merger of the American Osteopathic Association and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, new standards may be established for scholarly activity criteria and designation for each specialty. OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of osteopathic physicians on editorial boards in general and specialty medical journals and to compare the participation of osteopathic vs allopathic physicians and other health care researchers in editorial activities...
February 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Kavita Parikh, Matt Hall, Anne J Blaschke, Carlos G Grijalva, Thomas V Brogan, Mark I Neuman, Derek J Williams, Jeffrey S Gerber, Adam L Hersh, Samir S Shah
BACKGROUND: National guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children were published in 2011. These guidelines discourage most diagnostic testing for outpatients, as well as repeat testing for hospitalized patients who are improving. We sought to evaluate the temporal trends in diagnostic testing associated with guideline implementation among children with CAP. METHODS: Children 1 to 18 years old who were discharged with pneumonia after emergency department (ED) evaluation or hospitalization from January 1, 2008 to June 30, 2014 at any of 32 children's hospitals participating in the Pediatric Health Information System were included...
May 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Paul L Aronson, Derek J Williams, Cary Thurm, Joel S Tieder, Elizabeth R Alpern, Lise E Nigrovic, Amanda C Schondelmeyer, Fran Balamuth, Angela L Myers, Russell J McCulloh, Evaline A Alessandrini, Samir S Shah, Whitney L Browning, Katie L Hayes, Elana A Feldman, Mark I Neuman
BACKGROUND: Administrative data can be used to determine optimal management of febrile infants and aid clinical practice guideline development. OBJECTIVE: Determine the most accurate International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis coding strategies for identification of febrile infants. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Eight emergency departments in the Pediatric Health Information System...
December 2015: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Waqas Shuaib, Javier N Acevedo, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Luis J Santiago, Theodore J Gaeta
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to identify trends and examine the characteristics of the top 100 cited articles in emergency medicine (EM) journals. METHODS: Scopus Library database was queried to determine the citations of the top 100 EM articles. A second database (Google Scholar) was used to gather the following information: number of authors, publication year, journal name, impact factor, country of origin, and article type (original article, review article, conference paper, or editorial)...
August 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nir Samuel, Ivan P Steiner, Itai Shavit
OBJECTIVES: Injury is a common cause of acute pain in children. The objective of this study was to analyze the available evidence in prehospital pain management of injured children. METHODS: The Patient/Population, Intervention, Comparator, and Outcome question was as follows: "In pediatric patients requiring prehospital analgesia for traumatic injuries, what is the level of evidence (LOE) available for the safety and efficacy of pharmacologic interventions?" The electronic databases MEDLINE/PUBMED, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched to identify all the relevant articles published in electronic journals, books, and scientific Web sites over the last 20 years...
March 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Heather L Crouse, Paul C Mullan, Charles G Macias, Deborah C Hsu, Joan E Shook, Paul E Sirbaugh, Gordon E Schutze, Susan B Torrey
OBJECTIVES: To describe the creation of the first known combined Pediatric Emergency Medicine-Global Health (PEM-GH) fellowship for graduates of pediatric or emergency medicine residency programs. METHODS: We detail the necessary infrastructure for a successfully combined PEM-GH fellowship including goals, objectives, curriculum, timeline, and funding. The fellowship is jointly supported by the department of pediatrics, section of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM), and the hospital...
March 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Klaus Rose
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of childhood cancer is no longer an automatic death sentence, but it has not lost all of its horror. Drugs, surgery, radiation, and clinical trials have advanced our capacity to handle these cancers, but pediatric cancers still face challenges. Pediatric pharmaceutical legislation was introduced in the United States in 1997 and has triggered many clinical trials that have helped us better understand what drugs do to a child's body and vice versa. Following the US precedence, the European Union introduced its own legislation...
February 1, 2014: Clinical Therapeutics
Roger Zemek, Martin H Osmond, Nick Barrowman
INTRODUCTION: Persistent postconcussive symptoms (PCSs) is the persistence of somatic, cognitive, physical, psychological and/or behavioural changes lasting more than 1 month following concussion. Persistent concussion impacts the quality of life through impaired cognition, memory and attention affecting school performance, mood and social engagement. No large epidemiological studies have determined the true prevalence of persistent concussion symptoms. Validated, easy-to-use prognosticators do not exist for clinicians to identify children at highest risk...
2013: BMJ Open
A I Alsharif, Y M Al-Khaldi
OBJECTIVES: Assess the attitude and practice of Primary Health Care (PHC) physicians in Aseer region, their educational needs and recommendations to establish a continuing medical education program (CMEP) to address these needs. METHODS: This study was carried out during the first half of 1999 in Aseer region, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all PHC physicians in Aseer region. The questionnaire explored socio-demographic characteristics, scientific background, the attitude towards CME, the current method for medical updating, the barriers to CME, and the topics requested for a future CMEP...
September 2001: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Helen Barrett Fromme, Shari A Whicker, John D Mahan, Teri Lee Turner
BACKGROUND: While most would agree that utilizing the literature to enhance individual educational practice and/or institutional success is the ideal method for improving medical education, methods to focus attention on the most relevant and valuable information have been heretofore lacking in the pediatric medical education literature. METHODS: We performed a review of the medical education literature for the year 2010. Utilizing a similar strategy employed by others in Internal Medicine, we selected 12 high-yield education journals and manually reviewed the table of contents to select titles that would have grassroots applicability for medical educators...
2012: Medical Education Online
Lori Wiener, Denice Grady McConnell, Lauren Latella, Erica Ludi
OBJECTIVE: A growing multicultural society presents healthcare providers with a difficult task of providing appropriate care for individuals who have different life experiences, beliefs, value systems, religions, languages, and notions of healthcare. This is especially vital when end-of-life care is needed during childhood. There is a dearth of literature addressing cultural considerations in the pediatric palliative care field. As members of a specific culture often do not ascribe to the same religious traditions, the purpose of this article was to explore and review how culture and religion informs and shapes pediatric palliative care...
February 2013: Palliative & Supportive Care
Jonathan Castillo, Linda M Goldenhar, Raymond C Baker, Robert S Kahn, Thomas G Dewitt
BACKGROUND: Resident interest in global health care training is growing and has been shown to have a positive effect on participants' clinical skills and cultural competency. In addition, it is associated with career choices in primary care, public health, and in the service of underserved populations. The purpose of this study was to explore, through reflective practice, how participation in a formal global health training program influences pediatric residents' perspectives when caring for diverse patient populations...
September 2010: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Ching-Hsing Lee, Chia-Pang Shih, Yu-Che Chang, Chung-Hsien Chaou
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medicine (EM) is a young but rapidly growing field. An evaluation of academic performance and the growing impact of EM journals would help to elucidate the increase in the number of EM scientific studies. The authors used the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) database to investigate the scientific achievements of EM journals in the past 10 years. METHODS: This was a literature review study. All data were collected from the JCR database. Journals listed in the EM category from 2000 to 2009 were included...
August 2011: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
John Aker
The use of a cuffed endotracheal tube (ET) has been discouraged in children up to 8 years of age. Recent literature suggests that this age-old argument is empirical rather than scientifically based. This AANA Journal course will examine the history of pediatric endotracheal intubation, suggested methods for choosing the appropriately sized ET emerging literature describing the advantages and disadvantages of the use of the cuffed ET in young children, and potential clinical problems that develop with the use of the currently available, manufactured, cuffed pediatric ETs...
August 2008: AANA Journal
Sascha C A T Verbruggen, Koen F M Joosten, Leticia Castillo, Johannes B van Goudoever
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hyperglycemia is a major risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality in the intensive care unit. Insulin therapy has emerged in adult intensive care units and several pediatric studies are currently being conducted. This review discusses hyperglycemia and the effects of insulin on metabolic and non-metabolic pathways, with a focus on pediatric critical illness. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed by using the following keywords and limits (("hyperglycemia"[MeSH terms] or ("insulin resistance"[MeSH major topic]) and ("critical care"[MeSH terms] or "critical illness"[MeSH terms])) in different combinations with ("metabolism"[MeSH terms] or "metabolic networks and pathways"[MeSH terms]) and ("outcome"[all fields]) and ("infant"[MeSH terms] or "child"[MeSH terms] or "adolescent"[MeSH terms])...
December 2007: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
J L Arnold, G Dickinson, M C Tsai, D Han
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current level of development of emergency medicine (EM) systems in the world. DESIGN: Survey of EM professionals from 36 countries during a 90-day period from Aug. 25 to Nov. 24, 1998. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six EM professionals from 36 countries and 6 continents completed the survey. Thirty-five (97%) were physicians, of whom 25 (69%) gave presentations at 1 of 4 international EM conferences during the study period...
April 2001: CJEM
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