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The year in cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548185/-evaluation-the-american-college-of-cardiology-and-american-heart-association-predictive-score-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#1
Mónica Acevedo, Giovanna Valentino, Verónica Kramer, María José Bustamante, Marcela Adasme, Lorena Orellana, Fernando Baraona, Carlos Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) proposed a new cardiovascular risk (CV) score. AIM: To evaluate the new risk score (ACC/AHA 2013) in a Chilean population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profile and fasting blood glucose levels were measured and a survey about CV risk factors was responded by 3,284 subjects aged 40 to 79 years (38% females), living in urban Santiago...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543956/influence-of-frailty-on-the-quality-of-life-patients-qualified-for-pacemaker-implantation
#2
Agnieszka Mlynarska, Rafal Mlynarski, Krzysztof S Golba
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: An important question is whether frailty syndrome affects the assessment of quality of life or whether frailty syndrome may reduce the benefits of a cardiac pacemaker implantation. BACKGROUND: Frailty syndrome is known risk factor for quality of life evaluation after selected cardiology invasive procedures. DESIGN: The study was designed as single center prospective study. METHODS: The study included 171 patients aged ≥ 60 years who were qualified for pacemaker implantation...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541602/three-dimensional-printing-in-cardiology-current-applications-and-future-challenges
#3
Hongxing Luo, Jarosław Meyer-Szary, Zhongmin Wang, Robert Sabiniewicz, Yuhao Liu
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has attracted a huge interest in recent years. Broadly speaking, it refers to the technology which converts a predesigned virtual model to a touchable object. In clinical medicine, it usually converts a series of two-dimensional medical images acquired through computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or 3D echocardiography into a physical model. Medical 3D printing consists of three main steps: image acquisition, virtual reconstruction and 3D manufacturing. It is a promising tool for preoperative evaluation, medical device design, hemodynamic simulation and medical education, it is also likely to reduce operative risk and increase operative success...
May 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541122/chance-of-surgery-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Carianne L Verheugt, Cuno Spm Uiterwaal, Ilonca Vaartjes, Enno T van der Velde, A C Zomer, Folkert J Meijboom, Petronella G Pieper, Marco C Post, Hubert W Vliegen, Mark G Hazekamp, Diederick E Grobbee, Barbara Jm Mulder
Background Young patients with congenital heart disease reaching adulthood face mandatory transition to adult cardiology. Their new cardiologist needs to assess the chances of major future events such as surgery. Using a large national registry, we assessed if patient characteristics at the age of 18 years could predict the chance of congenital heart surgery in adulthood. Design and methods Of 10,300 patients from the CONCOR national registry, we used general patient characteristics at age 18 years, underlying congenital heart defect, history of complications, and interventions in childhood as potential predictors of congenital heart surgery occurring from age 18 years up to age 40 and 60 years...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540209/myocardial-blood-flow-quantification-for-evaluation-of-coronary-artery-disease-by-computed-tomography
#5
REVIEW
Filippo Cademartiri, Sara Seitun, Alberto Clemente, Ludovico La Grutta, Patrizia Toia, Giuseppe Runza, Massimo Midiri, Erica Maffei
During the last decade coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has become the preeminent non-invasive imaging modality to detect coronary artery disease (CAD) with high accuracy. However, CTA has a limited value in assessing the hemodynamic significance of a given stenosis due to a modest specificity and positive predictive value. In recent years, different CT techniques for detecting myocardial ischemia have emerged, such as CT-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR-CT), transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG), and myocardial CT perfusion (CTP) imaging...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537000/advances-in-clinical-cardiology-2016-a-summary-of-the-key-clinical-trials
#6
REVIEW
Alastair Gray, Conor McQuillan, Ian B A Menown
INTRODUCTION: The findings of many new cardiology clinical trials over the last year have been published or presented at major international meetings. This paper aims to describe and place in context a summary of the key clinical trials in cardiology presented between January and December 2016. METHODS: The authors reviewed clinical trials presented at major cardiology conferences during 2016 including the American College of Cardiology (ACC), European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EuroPCR), European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT), and the American Heart Association (AHA)...
May 23, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534422/psychosocial-risk-factors-in-relation-to-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-coronary-heart-disease-results-from-the-euroaspire-iv-survey-a-registry-from-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#7
Nana Pogosova, Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer, Roland von Känel, Delphine De Smedt, Jan Bruthans, Maryna Dolzhenko
Background Depression and anxiety are established psychosocial risk factors for coronary heart disease. Contemporary data on their prevalence and associations with other risk factors were evaluated as part of the EUROASPIRE IV survey. Design The design of this study was cross-sectional. Methods The study group consisted of 7589 patients from 24 European countries examined at a median of 1.4 years after hospitalisation due to coronary heart disease events. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533839/-epidemiology-of-the-relationship-between-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure
#8
Yassine Ragbaoui, Chafia Chehbouni, Ayoub El Hammiri, Rachida Habbal
Atrial fibrillation and heart failure are diseases which often coexist aggravating prognosis and constituting a major public health problem. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in patients with chronic heart failure and to determine the clinical profile of this group of patients. We conducted a retrospective descriptive study based on the registry of heart failure of the Department of Cardiology at the University Hospital Centre from June 2006 to March 2015. All patients over 18 years of age with chronic heart failure associated with atrial fibrillation were included in the study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533687/pulmonary-hypertension-and-vasculopathy-in-incontinentia-pigmenti-a-case-report
#9
Abduljabbar Alshenqiti, Marwan Nashabat, Hissah AlGhoraibi, Omar Tamimi, Majid Alfadhel
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP; Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome) is a rare, genetic syndrome inherited as an X-linked dominant trait. It primarily affects female infants and is lethal in the majority of males during fetal life. The clinical findings include skin lesions, developmental defects, and defects of the eyes, teeth, skeletal system, and central nervous system. Cardiovascular complications of this disease in general, and pulmonary hypertension in particular, are extremely rare. This report describes the case of a 3-year-old girl with IP complicated by pulmonary arterial hypertension...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531328/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-aha-acc-performance-measures-in-a-myocardial-infarction-system-of-care-in-brazil
#10
Maria Letícia L Lana, Andrea Z Beaton, Luisa C C Brant, Isadora C R S Bozzi, Osias de Magalhães, Luiz Ricardo de A Castro, Francisco César T da Silva Júnior, José Luiz P da Silva, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro, Bruno R Nascimento
Objective: To evaluate compliance with American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) performance measures for adults with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to investigate the factors associated with compliance, in an AMI System of Care in Brazil. Design: Observational longitudinal study. Setting: A high-complexity University Hospital, part of the AMI System of Care implemented in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in 2010. Participants: Of note, 1129 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) admitted to a single center over 36 months (between 2011 and 2014)...
May 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529917/current-guidelines-on-prevention-with-a-focus-on-dyslipidemias
#11
REVIEW
Ian M Graham, Alberico L Catapano, Nathan D Wong
Examination of the current the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines on the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the management of dyslipidemias finds much common ground. Both note that Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is, in most people, the product of a number of risk factors, notably tobacco exposure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inactivity, overweight and diabetes. They stress that risk calculators can help in the assessment of risk in apparently healthy persons...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523862/transatlantic-medical-consultation-and-second-opinion-in-pediatric-cardiology-has-benefit-past-patient-care-a-case-study-in-videoconferencing
#12
Lubica Kovacikova, Martin Zahorec, Peter Skrak, Brian D Hanna, R Lee Vogel
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is a rapidly evolving form of modern information and communication technology used to deliver clinical services and educational activities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to report and analyze our experience with transatlantic consultation via videoconferencing in pediatric cardiology. METHODS: In February, 2013, videoconferencing project was launched between a medium-volume pediatric cardiac center in Bratislava, Slovakia and subspecialty experts from a high-volume pediatric cardiac program at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), USA...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523319/amyloidosis-a-rare-cause-of-refractory-heart-failure-in-a-young-female
#13
Irina Iuliana Costache, Claudia Florida Costea, Mihai Danciu, Victor Vlad Costan, Viviana Aursulesei, Gabriela FlorenŢa Dumitrescu, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Anca Sava
Cardiac amyloidosis may occur in any type of systemic amyloidosis. The clinical picture is often characterized by restrictive cardiomyopathy. We report the case of a 41-year-old female patient admitted to the Department of Cardiology with clinical signs of right heart failure: congested jugular veins, hepatomegaly, peripheral edema, ascites associated with atrial fibrillation, low values of arterial blood pressure and oliguria. Echocardiographic findings were helpful for the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis: enlarged atrial cavities, normal size ventricles, thickened ventricular septum and posterior left ventricle wall with normal left ventricular ejection fraction, mitral and tricuspid regurgitation...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513114/when-cardioversion-may-be-complicated
#14
Marina Leitman, Vladimir Tyomkin, Eli Peleg, Therese Fuchs, Ziad Gabara, Zvi Vered
BACKGROUND: In recent years cardioversion of atrial fibrillation has become a routine procedure, enabling symptomatic functional improvement in most cases. However, some patients develop complications after cardioversion. Identifying these individuals is an important step toward improving patient outcome. OBJECTIVES: To characterize those patients who may not benefit from cardioversion or who may develop complications following cardioversion. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 186 episodes of cardioversion in 163 patients with atrial fibrillation who were admitted to our cardiology department between 2008 and 2013 based on their clinical and echocardiographic data...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511683/acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-admitted-to-a-cardiology-vs-non-cardiology-service-variations-in-treatment-outcome
#15
Deirdre E O'Neill, Danielle A Southern, Colleen M Norris, Blair J O'Neill, Helen J Curran, Michelle M Graham
BACKGROUND: Specialized cardiology services have contributed to reduced mortality in acute coronary syndromes (ACS).  We sought to evaluate the outcomes of ACS patients admitted to non-cardiology services in Southern Alberta. METHODS: Retrospective chart review performed on all troponin-positive patients in the Calgary Health Region identified those diagnosed with ACS by their attending team. Patients admitted to non-cardiology and cardiology services were compared, using linked data from the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) registry and the Strategic Clinical Network for Cardiovascular Health and Stroke...
May 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511325/-feasibility-of-the-2014-european-guidelines-risk-prediction-model-for-sudden-cardiac-death-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-chinese-patients
#16
S H Zhu, Y Li, W Huang, H Jiang, S N Li, L Chen, S Huang, H S Yu, B Xu
Objective: Exploring the feasibility of the 2014 European Society of Cardiology(ESC)guideline's risk prediction model for sudden cardiac death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM Risk-SCD) in Chinese patients. Methods: The study population consisted of a consecutive cohort of 172 Chinese patients with HCM without prior sudden cardiac death (SCD) event who were in patients in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from December 2010 to October 2015.The endpoint event was a composite of SCD and appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy...
May 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509703/pathway-for-the-management-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-atrial-flutter
#17
Eyal Herzog, Edgar Argulian, Steven B Levy, Emad F Aziz
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disturbance encountered in clinical practice, and its prevalence is increasing as the population ages. The American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, and the European Society of Cardiology established guidelines for the management of patients with AF. Atrial flutter (Afl) is less common and is often associated with or preceded by AF or occurs in an isolated pattern. A major limitation of the currently published guidelines for the management of patients with AF and Afl is their complexity, the fact that official guidelines are published separately for each of these arrhythmias, and that they were published several years ago...
June 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508379/-retinal-pigment-epithelial-detachment-in-hyperviscosity-syndrome
#18
V C Müller, N Mihailovic, C R Clemens, F Alten, N Eter
We present a case of a 57-year-old woman who reported bilateral visual impairment since 2 weeks. She had a medical history of congenital, cyanotic heart failure. Funduscopic examination revealed serous retinal detachment on the left side, central subneurosensory detachment on the right side, retinal vessel tortuosity and multiple retinal haemorrhages in the periphery. As blood analysis showed a distinct increase in haemoglobin and haematocrit, hyperviscosity syndrome was suspected to have caused bilateral serous retinal detachment...
May 15, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507742/mark-e-josephson-the-boston-years
#19
Peter Zimetbaum
Mark Josephson came to Beth Israel Hospital from the University of Pennsylvania in 1992, having firmly established a reputation as a master clinician, scientist and educator. He had built one of the premier electrophysiology (EP) services in the world in Pennsylvania and had become Chief of Cardiology there by the age of 35. In those days, Beth Israel was well known for its interventional cardiology and cardiac imaging but had not yet committed to the development of a modern EP section. The buzz surrounding Mark's arrival predicted an outspoken, larger than life and irreverent character who would profoundly change the place...
April 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507235/assessing-the-strength-of-cardiac-and-sympathetic-baroreflex-controls-via-transfer-entropy-during-orthostatic-challenge
#20
Alberto Porta, Andrea Marchi, Vlasta Bari, Beatrice De Maria, Murray Esler, Elisabeth Lambert, Mathias Baumert
The study assesses the strength of the causal relation along baroreflex (BR) in humans during an incremental postural challenge soliciting the BR. Both cardiac BR (cBR) and sympathetic BR (sBR) were characterized via BR sequence approaches from spontaneous fluctuations of heart period (HP), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). A model-based transfer entropy method was applied to quantify the strength of the coupling from SAP to HP and from DAP to MSNA...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
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