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The year in cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#1
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909765/cardiac-masses-experience-from-a-turkish-tertiary-center-of-cardiology
#2
C Gecmen, G G Gecmen, M Kahyaoglu, B Omar, S Izci, A Kalayci, C Y Karabay, S Coban, O Candan, E Yanik, I A Izgi, N O Barisik
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac masses comprise a category that includes benign, malignant, and nontumoral mass lesions. The present study aims to share the findings relating to cardiac masses observed at our tertiary cardiology hospital in Turkey. METHODS: The records of patients who presented with cardiac masses and underwent surgery at our institute between 2006 and 2015, and whose tissue samples were sent to a pathology laboratory, were retrospectively reviewed in a consecutive manner...
December 1, 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909542/which-factors-influence-resident-physicians-to-prescribe-noacs-to-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Zardasht Oqab Md Frcpc, William F McIntyre Md Frcpc, Wilma M Hopman Ma, Adrian Baranchuk Md Facc Frcp
The Canadian Cardiovascular Society and the European Society of Cardiology recommend the use of non-vitamin K antagonists (NOAC) in preference to warfarin for stroke prevention in most patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to identify factors that predict selection of a NOAC by resident physicians when faced with patients with non-valvular AF. A web-based survey was distributed to residents across Canada to learn the attitudes and behaviours regarding stroke, bleeding risk and choices of therapy in different clinical scenarios involving the same patient and one additional co-morbidity...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908447/prevalence-of-comorbidities-and-the-prognostic-value-of-the-profund-index-in-a-hospital-cardiology-unit
#4
M A López-Garrido, I Antequera Martín-Portugués, V M Becerra-Muñoz, H N Orellana-Figueroa, F J Sánchez-Lora, L Morcillo-Hidalgo, M F Jiménez-Navarro, J J Gómez-Doblas, E de Teresa-Galván, J M García-Pinilla
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to understand the prevalence of comorbidities and the usefulness of the PROFUND index for the prognostic stratification of patients with comorbidities in a hospital cardiology unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We consecutively analysed all patients hospitalized in 2012 in the department of cardiology. We recorded the comorbidities, length of stay, hospital mortality, Charlson indices and PROFUND indices. In the patients with comorbidities, we also recorded the readmissions and mortality during a 1-year follow-up...
November 28, 2016: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907270/a-year-in-pediatric-cardiology-and-the-future
#5
EDITORIAL
Douglas S Moodie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906915/the-value-of-ct-cardiac-angiography-and-ct-calcium-score-testing-in-a-modern-cardiology-service-in-new-zealand-a-report-of-a-single-centre-eight-year-experience-from-5-237-outpatient-procedures
#6
Chris Ellis, Greg Gamble, Colin Edwards, Niels van Pelt, Ruvin Gabriel, Boris Lowe, Jonathan Christiansen, Andrew To, Helen Winch, Mark Osborne, John Ormiston, Malcolm Legget
BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic (CT) cardiac angiography is of increasing value in several areas of patient management in cardiology. We assessed the ability of CT cardiac angiography to effectively 'rule out' severe coronary stenoses in patients presenting with 'atypical' symptoms and/or an equivocal stress test, which offers a new approach to the management of coronary artery disease. We also examined the use of the CT calcium score test in cardiovascular (CVS) risk assessment. METHODS: From a large single centre (Mercy Hospital) in Auckland, using a prospectively acquired, comprehensive database, we audited the entire eight-year experience of 5,169 patients (7/8/06 to 31/1/14) who underwent 5,237 64-slice computed tomographic (CT) cardiac angiogram or CT calcium score tests (GE Lightspeed scanner)...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904839/noncardiac-thoracic-surgery-in-abidjan-from-1977-to-2015
#7
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904523/the-role-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-the-detection-of-vulnerable-atherosclerotic-plaques
#8
Martin Horvath, Petr Hajek, Cyril Stechovsky, Jakub Honek, Miloslav Spacek, Josef Veselka
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Most acute coronary syndromes are caused by a rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque which can be characterized by a lipid-rich necrotic core with an overlying thin fibrous cap. Many vulnerable plaques can cause angiographically mild stenoses due to positive remodelling, which is why the extent of coronary artery disease may be seriously underestimated. In recent years, we have witnessed a paradigm shift in interventional cardiology...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901331/clinical-indices-and-biomarkers-for-perioperative-cardiac-risk-stratification-an-update
#9
Radmilo J Janković, Danica Z Marković, Dušan T Sokolović, Ivana Zdravković, Massimiliano Sorbello
European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/ European Society of Anesthesiology (ESA) highlighted that anesthesiologist has a leading role in perioperative cardiovascular assessment and management in the year of 2014. During cardiovascular assessment one can rely on cooperation of multi-disciplinary specialists like: other anesthesiologists, cardiologists and surgeons. For the purpose of precise systematization and decision making the Lee score or NSQUIP database can be used besides the traditionally used ASA score...
November 30, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899858/weight-management-belief-is-the-leading-influential-factor-of-weight-monitoring-compliance-in-congestive-heart-failure-patients
#10
Min-Xia Lu, Yan-Yun Zhang, Jun-Fang Jiang, Yang Ju, Qing Wu, Xin Zhao, Xiao-Hua Wang
BACKGROUND: Daily weight monitoring is frequently recommended as a part of heart failure self-management to prevent exacerbations. This study is to identify factors that influence weight monitoring compliance of congestive heart failure patients at baseline and after a 1-year weight management (WM) program. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of an investigative study and a randomized controlled study. A general information questionnaire assessed patient demographics and clinical variables such as medicine use and diagnoses, and the weight management scale evaluated their WM abilities...
November 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899745/exploring-provider-reactions-to-decision-aid-distribution-and-shared-decision-making-lessons-from-two-specialties
#11
Clarissa Hsu, David T Liss, Dominick L Frosch, Emily O Westbrook, David Arterburn
BACKGROUND: A critical component of shared decision making (SDM) is the role played by health care providers in distributing decision aids (DAs) and initiating SDM conversations. Existing literature indicates that decisions about designing and implementing DAs must take provider perspectives into account. However, little is known about how differences in provider attitudes across specialties may impact DA implementation and how provider attitudes may shift after DA implementation. Group Health's Decision Aid Implementation project was carried out in six specialties using 12 video-based DAs for preference-sensitive conditions; this study focused on two of the six specialties...
January 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895877/unexplained-cardiac-arrest-after-near-drowning-in-a-young-experienced-swimmer-insight-from-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Cesare Mantini, Giancarlo Messalli, Leonardo Paloscia, Domenico Mastrodicasa, Marco Francone, Marco Mascellanti, Alberto D'Alleva, Antonio Raffaele Cotroneo
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is a well-established noninvasive imaging modality in clinical cardiology. Its ability to provide tissue characterization make it well suited for the study of patients with cardiac diseases. We describe a multi-modality imaging evaluation of a 45-year-old man who experienced a near drowning event during swimming. We underline the unique capability of tissue characterization provided by cMRI, which allowed detection of subtle, clinically unrecognizable myocardial damage for understanding the causes of sudden cardiac arrest and also showed the small damages caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893455/patient-radiation-doses-in-paediatric-interventional-cardiology-procedures-a-review
#13
R W Harbron, S Dreuil, M-O Bernier, M S Pearce, I Thierry-Chef, C-L Chapple, H Baysson
A large number of investigations into the radiation doses from x-ray guided interventional cardiology procedures in children have been carried out in recent years. A review was conducted of these studies, gathering data on kerma area product (P KA), fluoroscopic screening time (FT), air kerma, and estimates of effective dose and organ doses. The majority of studies focus on P KA and FT with no estimation of dose to the patient. A greater than ten-fold variation in average P KA was found between different studies, even where data were stratified by patient age or weight...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885253/-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-population-aged-16-to-90-years-old-in-the-valencia-region-spain-2010
#14
Lourdes Zubeldia Lauzurica, Joan Quiles Izquierdo, Jordi Mañes Vinuesa, Josep Redón Más
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is an important risk factor in terms of mortality attributable and the main modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. The aim of the study is to estimate the degree of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in population of Valencia Region and identify predictors that explain the lack of proper control. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based study in 413 men and 415 women between 16 and 90 years participants in Nutrition Survey of Valencia held in 2010...
November 25, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884949/control-of-blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-moroccan-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-hypertension-a-3-month-observational-study-in-primary-care
#15
Mohamed Alami, Mustapha El Hattaoui, Mehdi Seqat, Jamaa Sadik, Aicha Aouad, Mohammed Benghanem Gharbi
BACKGROUND: Control of blood pressure and reduction of cardiovascular risk factors are mandatory in patients with hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of patients with controlled hypertension and to describe the cardiovascular risk profile in hypertensive patients followed by general practitioners (GPs) in Morocco. METHODS: This national, observational, multicentre, prospective, longitudinal study of patients with newly diagnosed hypertension was carried out between September 2011 and December 2011...
November 24, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884420/referral-for-specialist-follow-up-and-its-association-with-post-discharge-mortality-among-patients-with-systolic-heart-failure-from-the-national-heart-failure-audit-for-england-and-wales
#16
Connor A Emdin, Allan J Hsiao, Amit Kiran, Nathalie Conrad, Gholamreza Salimi-Khorshidi, Mark Woodward, Simon G Anderson, Hamid Mohseni, John J V McMurray, John G F Cleland, Henry Dargie, Suzanna Hardman, Theresa McDonagh, Kazem Rahimi
For patients admitted with worsening heart failure (HF), early follow-up after discharge is recommended. Whether outcomes can be improved when follow-up is done by cardiologists is uncertain. We aimed to determine the association between cardiology follow-up and risk of death for patients with HF discharged from hospital. Using data from the National Heart Failure Audit (England and Wales), we investigated the effect of referral to cardiology follow-up on 30-day and 1-year mortality in 68,772 patients with HF and a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction discharged from 185 hospitals from 2007 to 2013...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883972/rheumatic-heart-disease-in-a-developing-country-incidence-and-trend-monastir-tunisia-2000-2013
#17
Asma Sriha Belguith, Afifa Koubaa Abdelkafi, Sana El Mhamdi, Manel Ben Fredj, Hela Abroug, Arwa Ben Salah, Inès Bouanene, Fahima Hassine, Amal Amara, Sana Bhiri, Abdelkarim Derbel, Habib Gamra, Faouzi Maatouk, Mohamed Soussi Soltani
BACKGROUND: The penicillin therapy of β hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis has aided in the decrease of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in developing countries. Tunisia is an endemic area, however, and incidence of RHD is weakly documented. We aimed at establishing the standardized incidence rate (SIR) of RHD in Monastir governorate and at determining RHD prevalence among hospitalized patients in two cardiology departments. METHODS: From the regional register of Monastir Hospital morbidity, we have selected newly diagnosed patients with RHD, residents of Monastir, and hospitalized to the 2 cardiology departments between 2000 and 2013 (2001 not included)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881912/assessing-the-feasibility-and-quality-of-shared-decision-making-in-china-evaluating-a-clinical-encounter-intervention-for-chinese-patients
#18
Rongchong Huang, Xiantao Song, Jian Wu, Wei Huang, Aaron L Leppin, Michael R Gionfriddo, Yongxian Liu, Kasey R Boehmer, Henry H Ting, Victor M Montori
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using the Statin Choice decision aid to have discussions about starting a statin medication for cardiovascular risk reduction in Chinese patients with stable coronary artery diseases. METHODS: A prospective, pilot study of the Statin Choice decision aid in two teaching hospitals in Northern China was conducted. A total of seven clinicians were enrolled and underwent a 12-hour, group-based, in-person training on shared decision making (SDM) and the Statin Choice decision aid...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881564/heart-failure-stages-among-older-adults-in-the-community-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#19
Amil M Shah, Brian Claggett, Laura R Loehr, Patricia P Chang, Kunihiro Matsushita, Dalane Kitzman, Suma H Konety, Anna Kucharska-Newton, Carla A Sueta, Thomas H Mosley, Jacqueline D Wright, Josef Coresh, Gerardo Heiss, Aaron R Folsom, Scott D Solomon
BACKGROUND: -Although HF disproportionately affects older adults, little data exist regarding the prevalence of American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association heart failure (HF) stages among older individuals in the community. Additionally, the role of contemporary measures of longitudinal strain (LS) and diastolic dysfunction in defining HF stages is unclear. METHODS: -HF stages were classified in 6,118 participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study (age 67 - 91 years) at the fifth study visit as follows: stage A (asymptomatic with HF risk factors but no cardiac structural or functional abnormalities), B (asymptomatic with structural abnormalities, defined as left ventricular hypertrophy, dilation or dysfunction, or significant valvular disease), C1 (clinical HF without prior hospitalization), and C2 (clinical HF with prior hospitalization)...
November 23, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881009/late-cardiac-effect-of-anthracycline-therapy-in-physically-active-breast-cancer-survivors-a-prospective-study
#20
A C Nagy, P GulAcsi-BArdos, Z CserEp, L Hangody, T Forster
The late-onset cardiotoxic effect of anthracycline is known, however the early detection and prevention of subclinical myocardial damage has not been fully understood yet. Besides medical therapy regular physical activities may also play a role in the prevention and reduction of side effects of chemotherapy. The aim of our present study was to detect the effect of regular physical activities on the diastolic function and on the symptoms of late heart failure in case of anthracycline chemotherapy. The prospective study included 55 female patients (age 31-65 year, average 49...
November 24, 2016: Neoplasma
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