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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917660/phytochemical-investigations-on-artemisia-alba-turra-growing-in-the-north-east-of-italy
#1
Gregorio Peron, Valeria Baldan, Stefania Sut, Marta Faggian, Lorenzo Roccabruna, Daniele Zanini, Paolo Manzini, Filippo Maggi, Stefano Dall'Acqua
Artemisia alba Turra (Asteraceae) is an Euro-Mediterranean plant used in Veneto (North-East of Italy) as traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. A. alba is a taxonomically problematic species, characterised by common polymorphism leading to a quite high variability in secondary metabolites content. Nonetheless, the phytochemical knowledge on its phytoconstituents, especially non-volatile components, is limited. In the present paper, the phytochemical composition of a tincture obtained from the aerial parts of A...
December 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904935/incidence-of-reoperation-and-wound-dehiscence-in-patients-treated-for-peroneal-tendon-dislocations-comparison-between-osteotomy-versus-soft-tissue-procedures
#2
Youichi Yasui, Khushdeep S Vig, Ichiro Tonogai, Chun Wai Hung, Christopher D Murawski, Masato Takao, Hirotaka Kawano, John G Kennedy
PURPOSES: There is a lack of substantial clinical evidence endorsing the clinical outcomes of osteotomy for peroneal tendon dislocations. The aim of this study was to compare the post-operative reoperation rates following osteotomy techniques and soft tissues procedures using large database in order to investigate the efficacy of bony techniques. METHODS: Patients who underwent osteotomy and soft tissue procedures for peroneal tendon dislocations were identified and subsequently analysed using the United Healthcare Orthopedic and the Medicare datasets (PearlDiver Patient Record Database, PearlDiver Technologies Inc...
November 30, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903576/first-reported-case-of-peroneal-tenosynovitis-caused-by-coccidioides-immitis-successfully-treated-with-fluconazole
#3
Aneela Majeed, Waqas Ullah, Auon Abbas Hamadani, Anca Georgescu
Coccidioidomycosis is an insidious infection caused by Coccidioides spp (C. immitis and C. posadasii). Disseminated disease occasionally involves tendon sheaths and synovium of the joints leading to tenosynovitis. Here, we describe the case of a 72-year-old woman from southern Arizona, who presented with right ankle pain, redness and swelling for 2 months. Her serum IgG was positive for C. immitis on complement fixation, and her MRI of the right ankle joint showed extensive tenosynovitis of the right peroneal tendons, and subtalar joint effusions with associated synovitis...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857502/comparison-of-closing-wedge-and-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomies-for-medial-compartment-osteoarthritis-of-knee-in-asian-population-mid-term-follow-up
#4
Sanjay Agarwala, Anshul Sobti, Siddhant Naik, Sameer Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: Valgus high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a well-established treatment option for patients with early osteoarthritis of the medial compartment of the knee. It is achievable with either open-wedge or closed-wedge technique. The aim of the study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcomes following HTO done with open- and closed-wedge techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups of patients undergoing HTO and fixation with locking plates were compared...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842673/mr-imaging-as-a-problem-solving-tool-in-posterior-ankle-pain-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Gloria N L Wong, Tien Jin Tan
Posterior ankle pain is a cause of chronic pain and disability, afflicting a wide range of individuals. While proper identification of the cause is essential for timely and adequate treatment, identifying the cause and excluding mimickers is often challenging for the physician due to the complex nature of the joint. In addition, pathology that can cause posterior ankle pain may occur on their own or in co-existence. Clinical conditions that can present as posterior ankle pain include: posterior ankle impingement, Achilles tendon pathology, medial flexor tendon pathology, peroneal pathology, retrocalcaneal bursitis, posterior subtalar tarsal coalition, sinus tarsi, and tarsal tunnel syndrome...
December 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815969/residual-pulmonary-vascular-obstruction-and-recurrence-after-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-single-center-cohort-study
#6
Benjamin Planquette, Alexis Ferré, Julien Peron, Amandine Vial-Dupuy, Jean Pastre, Gisèle Mourin, Joseph Emmerich, Marie-Anne Collignon, Guy Meyer, Olivier Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: Up to 50% of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) present lung perfusion defects after six months of anticoagulant treatment, suggesting residual pulmonary vascular obstruction (RPVO). The risk of recurrence in patients with RPVO remains unknown. The present study aims to assess the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with RPVO after a first symptomatic episode of PE. METHODS: Consecutive patients who survived a first objectively proven acute PE, treated for at least three months with anticoagulants, were included and followed prospectively...
October 29, 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815955/permanent-motor-function-loss-by-delayed-treatment-of-peroneal-intraneural-ganglion
#7
Yasushi Oshima, Joseph F Fetto
The low incidence of intraneural ganglion makes it difficult to diagnose and treat before it becomes serious nerve damage. This case describes a 69-year-old female, who suffered from the right drop foot and was diagnosed as a peroneal intraneural ganglion. Resection of the mass relieved the pain; however, motor function was not recovered. Early diagnosis and nerve decompression are essential for the peroneal intraneural ganglion before critical nerve symptoms.
November 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815335/removal-of-osteoid-osteoma-of-the-calcaneus-using-subtalar-arthroscopy
#8
Andrija Jurina, Damjan Dimnjaković, Tomislav Smoljanović, Ivan Bojanić
: Intra-articular calcaneal osteoid osteoma is a very rare condition and the diagnosis as well as the treatment is extremely challenging. We report a case of a 19-year-old male with intra-articular osteoid osteoma of the calcaneus, initially treated for peroneal tenosynovitis with unsatisfactory results. Thorough diagnostic procedure revealed the superolateral location of a calcaneal osteoid osteoma, near the sinus tarsi. A cherry-red elevated lesion typical of an osteoid osteoma nidus was completely removed arthroscopically using the anterolateral portal and the middle portal for subtalar arthroscopy...
November 4, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813094/outcomes-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-are-determined-in-multidisciplinary-team-meetings
#9
Bérénice Charriere, Fabrice Muscari, Charlotte Maulat, Barbara Bournet, Delphine Bonnet, Christophe Bureau, Philippe Otal, Jean-Marie Peron, Bertrand Suc
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze overall survival (OS) rates for the three curative treatments of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on an intention-to-treat (ITT) basis. METHODS: Cohort study based on data from a multidisciplinary team meeting (MDT) dedicated to HCC. From 2006 to 2013, we included every patient with newly diagnosed HCC, for whom curative treatment (liver transplantation (LT), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), surgical resection (SR)) was decided upon...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793622/tibioperoneal-occlusive-disease-a-review-of-below-the-knee-endovascular-therapy-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#10
Kathryn B Muir, Patrick R Cook, Maxwell R Sirkin, Gilbert Aidinian
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Tibioperoneal occlusive disease is one of the most difficult disease processes to successfully treat. Previous studies have attempted to address the outcomes of tibial interventions in this patient population; however, the majority of these study cohorts are composed of patients who have undergone concomitant aortoiliac or femoral procedures. Our objective was to present the outcomes of patients treated with endovascular intervention for isolated below-the-knee atherosclerotic disease causing critical limb ischemia (CLI)...
October 25, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775047/repetitive-electroacupuncture-attenuates-cold-induced-hypertension-through-enkephalin-in-the-rostral-ventral-lateral-medulla
#11
Min Li, Stephanie C Tjen-A-Looi, Zhi-Ling Guo, John C Longhurst
Acupuncture lowers blood pressure (BP) in hypertension, but mechanisms underlying its action are unclear. To simulate clinical studies, we performed electroacupuncture (EA) in unanesthetized rats with cold-induced hypertension (CIH) induced by six weeks of cold exposure (6 °C). EA (0.1 - 0.4 mA, 2 Hz) was applied at ST36-37 acupoints overlying the deep peroneal nerve for 30 min twice weekly for five weeks while sham-EA was conducted with the same procedures as EA except for no electrical stimulation...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768064/applications-of-in-vivo-functional-testing-of-the-rat-tibialis-anterior-for-evaluating-tissue-engineered-skeletal-muscle-repair
#12
Ellen L Mintz, Juliana A Passipieri, Daniel Y Lovell, George J Christ
Despite the regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle, permanent functional and/or cosmetic deficits (e.g., volumetric muscle loss (VML) resulting from traumatic injury, disease and various congenital, genetic and acquired conditions are quite common. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine technologies have enormous potential to provide a therapeutic solution. However, utilization of biologically relevant animal models in combination with longitudinal assessments of pertinent functional measures are critical to the development of improved regenerative therapeutics for treatment of VML-like injuries...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765912/an-assessment-of-the-benefit-risk-balance-of-folfirinox-in-metastatic-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#13
Julien Péron, Pascal Roy, Thierry Conroy, Françoise Desseigne, Marc Ychou, Sophie Gourgou-Bourgade, Trevor Stanbury, Laurent Roche, Brice Ozenne, Marc Buyse
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess the benefit-risk balance of FOLFIRINOX versus gemcitabine in patients with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: We used generalized pairwise comparisons. This statistical method permits the simultaneous analysis of several prioritized outcome measures. The first priority outcome was survival time (OS). Differences in OS that exceeded two months were considered clinically relevant. The second priority outcome was toxicity...
October 19, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752755/methylglyoxal-treatment-in-lactating-mothers-leads-to-type-2-diabetes-phenotype-in-male-rat-offspring-at-adulthood
#14
Flávio Andrade Francisco, Luiz Felipe Barella, Sandra da Silva Silveira, Lucas Paulo Jacinto Saavedra, Kelly Valério Prates, Vander Silva Alves, Claudinéia Conationi da Silva Franco, Rosiane Aparecida Miranda, Tatiane Aparecida Ribeiro, Laize Peron Tófolo, Ananda Malta, Elaine Vieira, Kesia Palma-Rigo, Audrei Pavanello, Isabela Peixoto Martins, Veridiana Mota Moreira, Júlio Cezar de Oliveira, Paulo Cezar de Freitas Mathias, Rodrigo Mello Gomes
PURPOSE: Environmental and nutritional disorders during perinatal period cause metabolic dysfunction in the progeny and impair human health. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are primarily produced during metabolism of excess blood glucose, which is observed in diabetes. Methylglyoxal (MG) is a precursor for the generation of endogenous AGEs, which disturbs the metabolism. This work aimed to investigate whether the maternal MG treatment during lactation programs the progeny to metabolic dysfunction later in life...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738506/reduction-in-mechanical-allodynia-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-patients-with-ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-treatment-of-the-superficial-peroneal-nerve
#15
Won Soek Chae, Sang Hyun Kim, Sung Hwan Cho, Joon Ho Lee, Mi Sun Lee
The superficial peroneal nerve is vulnerable to damage from ankle sprain injuries and fractures as well as surgery to this region. And it is also one of the most commonly involved nerves in complex regional pain syndrome type II in the foot and ankle region. We report two cases of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment of superficial peroneal nerve for reduction of allodynia in CRPS patients.
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737323/thyroxine-increases-serca2-and-ryr2-gene-expression-in-heart-failure-rats-with-euthyroid-sick-syndrome
#16
Fábio V G Campanha, Denise Perone, Dijon H S de Campos, Renata de A M Luvizotto, Maria T De Síbio, Miriane de Oliveira, Regiane M C Olimpio, Fernanda C F Moretto, Carlos R Padovani, Gláucia M F S Mazeto, Antonio C Cicogna, Célia R Nogueira
Objective: The current study was aimed at analyzing sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (Serca2) and ryanodine receptor type 2 (Ryr2) gene expression in rats subjected to surgery that induced HF and were subsequently treated with T4 using physiological doses. Materials and methods: HF was induced in 18 male Wistar rats by clipping the ascending thoracic aorta to generate aortic stenosis (HFS group), while the control group (9-sham) underwent thoracotomy. After 21 weeks, the HFS group was subdivided into two subgroups...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723505/tibialis-anterior-muscle-herniation-with-superficial-peroneal-nerve-involvement-ultrasound-role-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
Ilaria Paolasso, Chiara Cambise, Daniele Coraci, Filippo M Del Tedesco, Carmen Erra, Eduardo Fernandez, Luca Padua
Ultrasound is helpful to identify nerve suffering cause. We report a case of pain at leg associated with burning paresthesia. Ultrasound found tibialis muscle herniation, close to superficial fibular nerve. The morphological alteration was supposed to be the cause of symptoms. Neurolysis, based on ultrasonographic findings, allowed symptoms relief.
October 6, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717931/problems-and-challenges-in-the-early-period-of-rehabilitating-patients-with-severe-hypothermia-treated-using-ecmo-support
#18
Dominika Batycka-Stachnik, Agnieszka Piwoda, Tomasz Darocha, Malgorzata Spiewak, Sylweriusz Kosinski, Anna Jarosz, Hubert Hymczak, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Galazkowski, Jacek Piatek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Rafal Drwila
: The objectives: To show and discuss the most frequent functional problems encountered in patients who underwent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment after severe hypothermia and point out appropriate physiotherapy procedures used in order to diminish the effects of hypothermia on the human organism. It is necessary to look for effective physiotherapeutic solutions, especially that the number of scientific publications on the subject is very limited. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis Setting: Severe Accidental Hypothermia Center ( medical intensive care unit of a university hospital) Patients or participants: Nineteen patients who were qualified for ECMO in Severe Accidental Hypothermia Center Intervention: At least three times a day rehabilitation session (physiotherapeutic procedures adequate to patient problems) and interventions in case of emergency...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703826/entrapment-of-common-peroneal-nerve-by-surgical-suture-following-distal-biceps-femoris-tendon-repair
#19
Aki Fukuda, Akinobu Nishimura, Shigeto Nakazora, Ko Kato, Akihiro Sudo
We describe entrapment of the common peroneal nerve by a suture after surgical repair of the distal biceps femoris tendon. Complete rupture of the distal biceps femoris tendon of a 16-year-old male athlete was surgically repaired. Postoperative common peroneal nerve palsy was evident, but conservative treatment did not cause any neurological improvement. Reexploration revealed that the common peroneal nerve was entrapped by the surgical suture. Complete removal of the suture and external neurolysis significantly improved the palsy...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701714/the-therapeutic-effect-of-pancreatic-kininogenase-on-treatment-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Y-P Jin, X-F Su, H-Q Li, J-D Wu, B Ding, R Sun, T Shan, L Ye, J-H Ma
Background: To determine the therapeutic efficacy and cost-effective of pancreatic kininogenase (PKase) on treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) compared with Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: 104 patients with DPN receiving standard glucose control therapy were randomly assigned into 3 groups: Group-A received PKase treatment, Group-B received PGE1 treatment, and Group-C received only standard glucose control therapy. Michigan neuropathy screening instrument (MNSI) score, neurophysiology examination, and nerve conduction velocity were measured...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
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