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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624011/peroneal-tendon-pathology-pre-and-post-operative-high-resolution-us-and-mr-imaging
#1
REVIEW
Yogesh Kumar, Ali Alian, Shivani Ahlawat, Dane K Wukich, Avneesh Chhabra
Peroneal tendon pathology is an important cause of lateral ankle pain and instability. Typical peroneal tendon disorders include tendinitis, tenosynovitis, partial and full thickness tendon tears, peroneal retinacular injuries, and tendon subluxations and dislocations. Surgery is usually indicated when conservative treatment fails. Familiarity with the peroneal tendon surgeries and expected postoperative imaging findings is essential for accurate assessment and to avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Cross-sectional imaging, especially ultrasound and MRI provide accurate pre-operative and post-operative evaluation of the peroneal tendon pathology...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595477/positive-effects-of-plantar-vibration-training-for-the-treatment-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-pilot-study
#2
Katerina Stambolieva, Dorina Petrova, Mariya Irikeva
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of 8-week low-frequency plantar vibration training on patients with sensorimotor diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients took part in the investigation. RESULTS: An increase of the nerve conductive velocity of soral and peroneal nerves of feet, increased postural stability, and disappearance of the pain and tingling were observed. CONCLUSION: The obtained results provide evidence for beneficial effects of 8-week plantar vibration training in patients with DPN...
June 9, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594508/lateral-ankle-instability-and-peroneal-tendon-pathology
#3
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton, Richard D Ferkel
Surgeons should understand the anatomic, vascular, biomechanical, and predisposing factors related to lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries, including peroneal tendinitis and tenosynovitis, peroneal tendon tears and ruptures, as well as peroneal tendon subluxation and dislocation. Surgeons should understand the treatment options and recommendations for patients who have lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries from the perspective of a sports medicine foot and ankle specialist...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589159/demographics-and-injuries-associated-with-knee-dislocation-a-prospective-review-of-303-patients
#4
Gilbert Moatshe, Grant J Dornan, Sverre Løken, Tom C Ludvigsen, Robert F LaPrade, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Information on the incidence, injury mechanisms, ligament injury patterns, and associated injuries of knee dislocations is lacking in the literature. There is a need to characterize ligament injury patterns and associated injuries in knee dislocations to avoid missing common associated diagnoses and to plan surgical treatment. PURPOSE: To evaluate patient demographics, ligament injury patterns and associated injury patterns, and associated injuries in patients with knee dislocation...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589006/modifying-the-interagency-emergency-health-kit-to-include-treatment-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-natural-disasters-and-complex-emergencies-the-missing-clinical-operational-and-humanitarian-perspectives
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580257/posterior-surgical-approach-to-the-knee
#6
Scott C Faucett, James Gannon, Jorge Chahla, Marcio B Ferrari, Robert F LaPrade
Posterior knee approaches are reliable techniques to address the treatment of various pathologies of the posterior region of the knee, including Baker cyst excision, tibial plateau fracture fixation, posterior cruciate ligament avulsions and inlay reconstructions, femoral condyle cartilage procedures, posterior meniscal repair and loose body removal among others. Surgery in the posterior knee region can be challenging because of the presence of neurovascular structures including the tibial nerve, popliteal artery and vein, and common peroneal nerve; thus, it is less commonly performed...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574139/visual-outcomes-following-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-for-corneal-endothelial-dysfunction
#7
Oualid Guechi, Louis Lhuillier, Naila Houmad, Christophe Goetz, Nadia Ouamara, Jean Marc Perone
OBJECTIVE: To assess objective and subjective visual outcomes achieved by patients with corneal endothelial dysfunction who have undergone surgical treatment with Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). METHODS: A total of 40 eyes of 36 patients with corneal endothelial dysfunction underwent DSAEK. All were followed up for 1 year. Visual acuity (VA; logMAR), mean endothelial cell density (MCD; via noncontact specular microscopy), and topography assessment were performed at baseline (preoperatively)...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567230/secondary-chondrosarcoma-from-an-osteochondroma-of-the-proximal-tibia-involving-the-fibula
#8
Hwan Seong Cho, Ilkyu Han, Han-Soo Kim
There are few reports on the surgical treatment of secondary malignancy arising from an osteochondroma on the lateral side of the proximal tibia. From March 2008 to December 2011, 3 patients were treated for a secondary chondrosarcoma from an osteochondroma of the proximal tibia involving the fibula. The operative procedure can be summed up as follows: (1) resection of the tumor including the fibula; (2) preservation of the peroneal nerve and the fibular head; and (3) arthrodesis of the proximal tibiofibular joint...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559742/assessment-of-grape-plum-and-orange-synthetic-food-flavourings-using-in-vivo-acute-toxicity-tests
#9
Ila Monize Sousa Sales, Janaína Sousa Barbosa, Fabelina Karollyne Silva Dos Santos, Felipe Cavalcanti Carneiro da Silva, Paulo Michel Pinheiro Ferreira, João Marcelo de Castro E Sousa, Ana Paula Peron
The present study evaluates the acute toxicity of synthetic grape, plum and orange flavourings in root meristem cells of Allium cepa at the doses of 3.5, 7.0 and 14.0 mL/kg and exposure times of 24 and 48 h, and in bone marrow erythrocytes of mice treated orally for seven days with 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0 and 10.0 mL/kg of flavouring. The results of the plant test showed that grape, plum and orange flavourings, at both exposure times, inhibited cell division and promoted the formation of a significant number of micronuclei and mitotic spindle changes...
March 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557145/salvage-surgery-for-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinomas-a-retrospective-study-from-2005-to-2013
#10
Pierre Philouze, Julien Péron, Marc Poupart, Kevin Pujo, Guillaume Buiret, Philippe Céruse
BACKGROUND: In the case of a locoregional recurrence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, the curative standard of care is surgery. Our main purpose of this study was to determine the preoperative prognostic factors that would allow us to select the patients on whom we could expect good results with salvage surgery. METHODS: We conducted a monocentric retrospective study from 2005 to 2013. It included all patients treated for a recurrence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma with surgery...
May 30, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552042/t2-mapping-of-peroneal-tendons-using-clinically-relevant-subregions-in-an-asymptomatic-population
#11
Katharine J Wilson, Rachel K Surowiec, Nicholas S Johnson, Carly A Lockard, Thomas O Clanton, Charles P Ho
BACKGROUND: Peroneal tendon evaluation is particularly demanding using current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques because of their curving path around the lateral malleolus. Quantifiable, objective data on the health of the peroneal tendons could be useful for improving diagnosis of tendon pathology and tracking post-treatment responses. The purpose of this study was to establish a method and normative T2-star (T2*) values for the peroneal tendons in a screened asymptomatic cohort using clinically reproducible subregions, providing a baseline for comparison with peroneal tendon pathology...
June 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541269/immediate-loading-of-tantalum-based-implants-in-fresh-extraction-sockets-in-patient-with-sjogren-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Cristian Peron, Fawad Javed, Georgios E Romanos
PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to demonstrate treatment of a clinical case using implants in conjunction with immediate loading in a patient with Sjogren syndrome (SS) and to present the current status of knowledge about this type of patients with dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This article describes a 62-year-old woman patient with SS and partially edentulous maxilla who was rehabilitated with 5 immediately loaded tantalum-based dental implants (TBDIs) placed in fresh extraction sockets...
May 22, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540318/retromalleolar-groove-deepening-in-recurrent-peroneal-tendon-dislocation-technique-tip
#13
Pim A D van Dijk, Bryan G Vopat, Daniel Guss, Alastair Younger, Christopher W DiGiovanni
Peroneal tendon dislocations are most prevalent in the active and athletic population, so accurate diagnosis and management are essential for optimal return of function. Although many nonoperative and surgical management options have been described, the optimal treatment method continues to be debated. In this technique article, a modified retromalleolar groove-deepening technique is described for addressing all anatomic variations of the posterior distal fibula and retromalleolar groove without unduly disturbing the important anatomic facets meant for retention in this region...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537353/low-ankle-sprains-a-current-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Anthony J Scillia, Todd P Pierce, Kimona Issa, Craig Wright, John J Callaghan, Anthony Festa, Vincent K McInerney
LLow ankle sprains are common injuries in young athletes. Hence, it is imperative that low ankle sprains are diagnosed and treated quickly and effectively. We reviewed the: (1) anatomy; (2) imaging; (3) physical exam findings; and (4) treatment modalities regarding these injuries. Plain radiographs are standard of care and routine MRI is not recommended for suspected sprains. However, physical exam findings often may guide management decisions. The majority of patients diagnosed with low ankle sprains are treated with a one- to two-week immobilization period with physical therapy focused on peroneal proprioception and strength...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528338/chronic-glibenclamide-treatment-attenuates-walker-256-tumour-growth-in-prediabetic-obese-rats
#15
Claudinéia Conationi da Silva Franco, Carina Previate, Kátia Gama de Barros Machado, Silvano Piovan, Rosiane Aparecida Miranda, Kelly Valério Prates, Veridiana Mota Moreira, Júlio Cezar de Oliveira, Luiz Felipe Barella, Rodrigo Mello Gomes, Flávio Andrade Francisco, Isabela Peixoto Martins, Audrei Pavanello, Tatiane Aparecida Ribeiro, Laize Peron Tófolo, Ananda Malta, Aline Amenencia de Souza, Vander Silva Alves, Sandra da Silva Silveira, Maria Raquel Marçal Natali, Jean Carlos Fernando Besson, Hely de Morais, Helenir Medri de Souza, Juliane Rocha de Sant Anna, Marialba Avezum Alves de Castro Prado, Paulo Cezar de Freitas Mathias
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The sulphonylurea glibenclamide (Gli) is widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In addition to its antidiabetic effects, low incidences of certain types of cancer have been observed in Gli-treated diabetic patients. However, the mechanisms underlying this observation remain unclear. The aim of the present work was to evaluate whether obese adult rats that were chronically treated with an antidiabetic drug, glibenclamide, exhibit resistance to rodent breast carcinoma growth...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506517/fish-oil-supplementation-benefits-the-murine-host-during-the-acute-phase-of-a-parasitic-infection-from-trypanosoma-cruzi
#16
Maria I Lovo-Martins, Aparecida D Malvezi, Rosiane V da Silva, Nágela G Zanluqui, Vera L H Tatakihara, Niels O S Câmara, Ana Paula L de Oliveira, Jean P S Peron, Marli C Martins-Pinge, Kevin L Fritsche, Phileno Pinge-Filho
Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) are known to modulate a variety of immune cell functions. On occasion, this has led to diminished host resistance to certain viral and bacterial infections. Little is known about the impact of n-3 PUFA on host resistance to parasitic infection, however, based on results from a small study conducted more than two decades ago, we hypothesized that providing mice LC n-3 PUFA will diminish host resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasitic pathogen responsible for Chagas disease...
May 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503341/peripheral-and-central-nervous-system-involvement-in-recently-diagnosed-cases-of-hypothyroidism-an-electrophysiological-study
#17
N Gupta, M Arora, R Sharma, K S Arora
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism, one of the most common endocrine disorders, may induce neurological abnormalities at an early stage of the disease. AIM: The study was designed to assess the electrophysiological alterations of some selected variables of nerve conduction, brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs), and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in hypothyroid patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients of newly diagnosed hypothyroidism and an equal number of age-matched controls were selected for the study...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499899/the-wake-promoting-drug-modafinil-prevents-motor-impairment-in-sickness-behavior-induced-by-lps-in-mice-role-for-dopaminergic-d1-receptor
#18
Adriano Zager, Wesley Nogueira Brandão, Rafael Oliveira Margatho, Jean Pierre Peron, Sergio Tufik, Monica Levy Andersen, Birgitte Rahbek Kornum, João Palermo-Neto
The wake-promoting drug Modafinil has been used for many years for treatment of Narcolepsy and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness, due to a dopamine-related psychostimulant action. Recent studies have indicated that Modafinil prevents neuroinflammation in animal models. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Modafinil pretreatment in the Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sickness and depressive-like behaviors. Adult male C57BL/6J mice were pretreated with Vehicle or Modafinil (90mg/Kg) and, 30min later, received a single saline or LPS (2mg/Kg) administration, and were submitted to the open field and elevated plus maze test 2h later...
May 9, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498283/synovial-sarcoma-of-peripheral-nerves-analysis-of-15-cases
#19
John S A Chrisinger, Usama I Salem, Lars-Gunnar Kindblom, Behrang Amini, Magnus Hansson, Jeanne M Meis
Synovial sarcoma of peripheral nerve (SSPN) is rare with only 26 cases reported in English. SSPN is often mistaken for a benign or malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (PNST) by clinicians and pathologists. Fifteen cases of SSPN were retrieved from the pathology files of 3 institutions. All tumors arose in a nerve based on imaging and/or operative findings and the diagnoses were histologically confirmed. Neuropathic symptoms predominated in 11 women and 4 men, 19- to 62-year-old (median, 39 years) with tumors involving the ulnar (5), median (3), peroneal (3) or sciatic (2) nerve, or the L4 or T1 nerve root (2)...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490147/thermal-degradation-kinetics-of-anthocyanins-extracted-from-ju%C3%A3-ara-euterpe-edulis-martius-and-italia-grapes-vitis-vinifera-l-and-the-effect-of-heating-on-the-antioxidant-capacity
#20
D V Peron, S Fraga, F Antelo
The effect of temperature on the degradation of anthocyanins in juçara and "Italia" grape extracts was determined between 50 and 90°C. For both species, thermal degradation followed a first-order kinetic model. The decimal reduction time decreased with increasing temperature, and dependence on the thermodegradable factor was lower at higher temperatures. The anthocyanins from juçara degraded more slowly than those extracted from "Italia" grapes. The activation enthalpy and free energy of inactivation indicated an endothermic reaction, not spontaneous degradation, whereas the activation entropy suggested that the transition state has less structural freedom than that of the reactants...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
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