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sex differences; anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332165/factors-associated-with-anxiety-about-colonoscopy-the-preparation-the-procedure-and-the-anticipated-findings
#1
L A Shafer, J R Walker, C Waldman, C Yang, V Michaud, C N Bernstein, L Hathout, J Park, J Sisler, G Restall, K Wittmeier, H Singh
BACKGROUND: Previous research has assessed anxiety around colonoscopy procedures, but has not considered anxiety related to different aspects related to the colonoscopy process. AIMS: Before colonoscopy, we assessed anxiety about: bowel preparation, the procedure, and the anticipated results. We evaluated associations between patient characteristics and anxiety in each area. METHODS: An anonymous survey was distributed to patients immediately prior to their outpatient colonoscopy in six hospitals and two ambulatory care centers in Winnipeg, Canada...
January 13, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327213/add-on-treatment-with-curcumin-has-antidepressive-effects-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#2
Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai, Atapol Sughondhabhirom, Siriluck Suppapitiporn, Solaphat Hemrunrojn, André F Carvalho, Michael Maes
Activation of immune-inflammatory and oxidative-nitrosative (IO&NS) stress pathways plays a role in major depression (MDD). Evidence suggests that curcumin (500-1000 mg/day), a polyphenol with strong anti-IO&NS properties, may have efficacy either as monotherapy or as an adjunctive treatment for depression. Further controlled trials with extended treatment periods (> 8 weeks) and higher curcumin doses are warranted. This 12-week study was carried out to examine the effects of adjunctive curcumin for the treatment of MDD...
January 11, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318711/risk-factors-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology-within-the-treatment-seeking-transgender-population-the-role-of-cross-sex-hormone-treatment
#3
Bethany Alice Jones, Emma Haycraft, Walter Pierre Bouman, Nicola Brewin, Laurence Claes, Jon Arcelus
Many transgender people experience high levels of body dissatisfaction, which is one of the numerous factors known to increase vulnerability to eating disorder symptoms in the cisgender (non-trans) population. Cross-sex hormones can alleviate body dissatisfaction so might also alleviate eating disorder symptoms. This study aimed to explore risk factors for eating disorder symptoms in transgender people and the role of cross-sex hormones. Individuals assessed at a national transgender health service were invited to participate (N = 563)...
January 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316846/acute-stress-evokes-sexually-dimorphic-stressor-specific-patterns-of-neural-activation-across-multiple-limbic-brain-regions-in-adult-rats
#4
Ankit Sood, Karina Chaudhari, Vidita A Vaidya
Stress enhances the risk for psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Stress responses vary across sex and may underlie the heightened vulnerability to psychopathology in females. Here, we examined the influence of acute immobilization stress (AIS) and a two-day short-term forced swim stress (FS) on neural activation in multiple cortical and subcortical brain regions, implicated as targets of stress and in the regulation of neuroendocrine stress responses, in male and female rats using Fos as a neural activity marker...
January 10, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315714/brain-abnormalities-in-cognition-anxiety-and-depression-regulatory-regions-in-adolescents-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease
#5
Nancy A Pike, Bhaswati Roy, Ritika Gupta, Sadhana Singh, Mary A Woo, Nancy J Halnon, Alan B Lewis, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Single ventricle heart disease (SVHD) adolescents show cognitive impairments and anxiety and depressive symptoms, indicating the possibility of brain injury in regions that control these functions. However, brain tissue integrity in cognition, anxiety, and depression regulatory sites in SVHD remains unclear. We examined brain tissue changes in SVHD compared to controls using T2-relaxometry procedures, which measure free water content and show tissue injury. METHODS: Proton-density and T2-weighted images, using a 3...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313869/negative-social-acts-and-pain-evidence-of-a-workplace-bullying-and-5-htt-genotype-interaction
#6
Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Einarsen, Johannes Gjerstad
Objectives Long-term exposure to systematic negative acts at work, usually labeled workplace bullying, is a prevalent problem at many workplaces. The adverse effects of such exposure may range from psychological symptoms, such as depression and anxiety to somatic ailments like cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal complaints. In this study, we examined the relationships among exposure to negative acts, genetic variability in the 5-HTT gene SLC6A4 and pain. Methods The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 987 Norwegian employees drawn from the Norwegian Central Employee Register by Statistics Norway...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305532/lrrk2-g2019s-induces-anxiety-depression-like-behavior-prior-to-the-onset-of-motor-dysfunction-with-5-ht1a-receptor-upregulation-in-mice
#7
Juhee Lim, Yeojin Bang, Jong-Hyun Choi, Arum Han, Min-Soo Kwon, Kwang Hyeon Liu, Hyun Jin Choi
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease (PD). The neuropathology of LRRK2 mutation-related PD is indistinguishable from that of idiopathic PD, including increased dopaminergic neurodegeneration and Lewy bodies, but its subtle non-motor phenotypes have not been fully evaluated. In the present study, we examined anxiety/depression-like behaviors and accompanying neurochemical changes in differently aged transgenic (Tg) mice expressing human mutant LRRK2 G2019S...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304074/absolute-lung-size-and-the-sex-difference-in-breathlessness-in-the-general-population
#8
Magnus Ekström, Josefin Sundh, Linus Schiöler, Eva Lindberg, Annika Rosengren, Göran Bergström, Oskar Angerås, Jan Hedner, John Brandberg, Björn Bake, Kjell Torén
BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is associated with major adverse health outcomes and is twice as common in women as men in the general population. We evaluated whether this is related to their lower absolute lung volumes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the population-based Swedish CardioPulmonarybioImage Study (SCAPIS) Pilot, including static spirometry and diffusing capacity (n = 1,013; 49% women). Breathlessness was measured using the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale and analyzed using ordinal logistic regression adjusting for age, pack-years of smoking, body mass index, chronic airway limitation, asthma, chronic bronchitis, depression and anxiety in all models...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298126/women-s-attributions-regarding-why-they-have-difficulty-reaching-orgasm
#9
David L Rowland, Laura M Cempel, Aaron R Tempel
Difficulty reaching orgasm during partnered sex is relatively common among women. Yet the reasons, likely multivariate, are not fully understood. This study identified perceived causes for orgasmic difficulty in 452 women during partnered sex. The most commonly-endorsed reasons were stress/anxiety, insufficient arousal, and lack of time during sex; body image, pain, inadequate lubrication, and medical/medication issues were endorsed less frequently. Distressed and non-distressed women differed on several attributions, including sexual interest, partner perceptions, stress, and adequate time during sex...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294547/-application-of-association-rule-in-mental-health-test-for-employees-in-a-petrochemical-enterprise
#10
L F Zhang, D N Zhang, Z P Wang
Objective: To investigate the occurrence ruleof common psychological abnormalities in petrochemical workers using association rule. Methods: From July to September,2014,the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90)was used for the general survey of mental healthamong all employees in a petrochemical enterprise.The association rule Apriori algorithm was used to analyze the data of SCL-90 and investigate the occurrence rule of psychological abnormalities in petrochemical workers with different sexes,ages,or nationalities...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289534/penile-length-measurement-technique-and-applications
#11
Ethan P Davoudzadeh, Natan P Davoudzadeh, Ezra Margolin, Peter J Stahl, Doron S Stember
INTRODUCTION: Penile size has long been an important fixation in men's lives. On the one hand, a smaller penis has been associated with anxiety and apprehension; on the other hand, a larger penis has generally been related to virility and strength. These perceptions predominate during an erection, when penile size is representative of a man's masculinity. AIM: To assess adult penile length and summarize average penile length assessments from the literature; analyze how various urologic diseases and therapies affect penile length and volume; and review how surgical treatments for Peyronie's disease, penile prosthesis implantation, and radical prostatectomy can affect penile size to appropriately counsel patients seeking such therapies and set realistic goals for patients...
December 27, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284804/anxiety-and-depression-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
Arko Banerjee, Sujit Sarkhel, Rajib Sarkar, Gopal Krishna Dhali
Background: Psychological factors have been prominently implicated in the causation as well as maintenance of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Studies comparing psychiatric morbidity in IBS with healthy controls have reported contrasting findings. The current study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with IBS in comparison to healthy controls and to explore the relationship, if any, of anxiety and depression with various subtypes of IBS. Materials and Methods: Fifty consecutive patients of IBS (diagnosed as per Rome III criteria) between 18 and 65 years of age and fifty age- and sex-matched healthy controls were assessed for the presence of anxiety and depression using Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAMA) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), respectively...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278635/anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-predictor-of-academic-success-of-medical-students-at-the-university-of-mostar
#13
Amra Zalihić, Sabina Mešukić, Bože Sušac, Katarina Knezović, Marko Martinac
Higher education students comprise a particularly vulnerable group for the development of anxiety symptoms and disorders. The aim of our research was to examine the impact of anxiety sensitivity on the success of medical students at the University of Mostar, and to establish the differences between students depending on their sex and the year of study. One hundred students in their first and fifth year of medical school were interviewed using the ASI questionnaire, 7 days prior to their final exams. Here we demonstrate a positive correlation between anxiety sensitivity and academic success...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278602/ethnic-differences-identified-by-pain-sensitivity-questionnaire-correlate-with-clinical-pain-responses
#14
Brooke A Bell, Ruth Ruscheweyh, Bernard Joseph Kelley, Timothy J Ness, Thomas R Vetter, Alethia Baldwin Sellers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire, English version (PSQ-E), is predictive of pain-related responses to experimental stimuli. Ethnic differences have been noted in experimental measures of pain sensation using quantitative sensory testing. The present study sought to determine if the PSQ-E also identified similar ethnic differences. METHODS: Fifty-seven subjects who self-identified as African Americans (AAs) and who were scheduled to undergo a low-back interventional procedure completed the PSQ-E and other questionnaires...
December 22, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277195/it-s-in-the-genes-a-new-marker-for-sex-differences-in-depression-and-anxiety
#15
Maria M Diehl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276043/associations-between-personality-disorder-characteristics-psychological-symptoms-and-sexual-functioning-in-young-women
#16
Andrea Grauvogl, Britt Pelzer, Veerle Radder, Jacques van Lankveld
BACKGROUND: Recently, the etiology of sexual dysfunctions in women has been approached from different angles. In clinical practice and in previous studies, it has been observed that women with sexual problems experience anxiety problems and express more rigid and perfectionistic personality traits than women without these problems. AIM: To investigate whether personality disorder characteristics according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) and psychological symptoms are associated with sexual problems in women...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273429/sex-differences-in-long-term-quality-of-life-after-stroke-influence-of-mood-and-functional-status
#17
F López Espuela, J C Portilla Cuenca, C Leno Díaz, J M Párraga Sánchez, G Gamez-Leyva, I Casado Naranjo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term quality of life (QoL) in patients who have experienced a stroke and to analyse differences in QoL between sexes. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study to gather sociodemographic variables and risk factors; data were also obtained on QoL, mood, and functional status using validated scales. The study was approved by our centre's ethics committee. RESULTS: Our final sample included 124 patients; mean age was 71...
December 19, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260883/the-quality-of-life-of-children-under-chiropractic-care-using-promis-25-results-from-a-practice-based-research-network
#18
Joel Alcantara, Andrea E Lamont, Jeanne Ohm, Junjoe Alcantara
OBJECTIVES: To characterize pediatric chiropractic and assess pediatric quality of life (QoL). DESIGN: A prospective cohort. Setting/Locations: Individual offices within a practice-based research network located throughout the United States. SUBJECTS: A convenience sample of children (8-17 years) under chiropractic care and their parents. EXPOSURE: Chiropractic spinal adjustments and adjunctive therapies. OUTCOME MEASURES: Survey instrument measuring sociodemographic information and correlates from the clinical encounter along with the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-25 to measure QoL (i...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249830/-dna-methylation-signatures-in-panic-disorder
#19
Stella Iurato, Tania Carrillo-Roa, Janine Arloth, Darina Czamara, Laura Diener-Hölzl, Jennifer Lange, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Elisabeth B Binder, Angelika Erhardt
Panic disorder (PD) affects about four million Europeans, with women affected twice as likely as men, causing substantial suffering and high economic costs. The etiopathogenesis of PD remains largely unknown, but both genetic and environmental factors contribute to risk. An epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) was conducted to compare medication-free PD patients (n = 89) with healthy controls (n = 76) stratified by gender. Replication was sought in an independent sample (131 cases, 169 controls) and functional analyses were conducted in a third sample (N = 71)...
December 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#20
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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