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Writing a Case report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301418/in-the-beginning-there-is-the-introduction-and-your-study-hypothesis
#1
Thomas R Vetter, Edward J Mascha
Writing a manuscript for a medical journal is very akin to writing a newspaper article-albeit a scholarly one. Like any journalist, you have a story to tell. You need to tell your story in a way that is easy to follow and makes a compelling case to the reader. Although recommended since the beginning of the 20th century, the conventional Introduction-Methods-Results-And-Discussion (IMRAD) scientific reporting structure has only been the standard since the 1980s. The Introduction should be focused and succinct in communicating the significance, background, rationale, study aims or objectives, and the primary (and secondary, if appropriate) study hypotheses...
March 15, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285584/stylistic-features-of-case-reports-as-a-genre-of-medical-discourse
#2
Yuliia Lysanets, Halyna Morokhovets, Olena Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: The present paper discusses the lexical and grammatical peculiarities of English language medical case reports, taking into account their communicative purposes and intentions. METHODS: The objective of the research is to clarify the principal mechanisms of producing an effective English language medical case report and thus to provide recommendations and guidelines for medical professionals who will deal with this genre. The analysis of medical case reports will largely focus on the most significant linguistic peculiarities, such as the use of active and passive voice, the choice of particular verb tenses, and pronouns...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266886/changing-student-attitudes-through-interaction-findings-from-an-interprofessional-workshop
#3
Kathleen Gould, Karen H Day, Andrea T Barton
Healthcare professionals are increasingly expected to work in interprofessional teams. Students therefore need opportunities to learn and practise skills that will allow them to be effective team members when they enter the workforce. This article summarises an interprofessional learning experience for 289 undergraduate and graduate students representing 13 programmes in a College of Health Professions (CHP) at a US public university. The half-day workshop provided an opportunity for participants with no prior interprofessional education to collaborate in a problem-solving case study and to inform students of other professions about their professions...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225850/the-influence-of-morphological-awareness-on-reading-and-writing-a-systematic-review
#4
Ainoã Athaide Macedo Silva, Vanessa de Oliveira Martins-Reis
Purpose: this study aimed to perform a systematic review of national and international studies about the relationship between morphological awareness, reading/writing, reading comprehension, and spelling. Research strategies: a search for national and international literature was carried out using databases Medline (via PubMed) and Portal de Periódicos da Capes (Eric, PsycINFO, LILACS, SciELO) from August to September 2015. Selection criteria: the inclusion criteria were: studies that answered the guiding question and addressed the subject matter established by the descriptors and keywords...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#5
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213909/improving-prescribing-practices-a-pharmacist-led-educational-intervention-for-nurse-practitioner-students
#6
Jennifer A Sabatino, Maria C Pruchnicki, Alexa M Sevin, Elizabeth Barker, Christopher G Green, Kyle Porter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess impact of a pharmacist-led educational intervention on family nurse practitioner (FNP) students' prescribing skills, perception of preparedness to prescribe, and perception of pharmacist as collaborator. METHOD: Prospective pre-post assessment of a 14-week educational intervention in an FNP program in the spring semester of 2014. Students participated in an online module of weekly patient cases and prescriptions emphasizing legal requirements, prescription accuracy, and appropriate therapy...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#7
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#8
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125365/cost-effectiveness-of-pembrolizumab-versus-ipilimumab-in-ipilimumab-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-advanced-melanoma-in-the-united-states
#9
Jingshu Wang, Bartosz Chmielowski, James Pellissier, Ruifeng Xu, Kendall Stevinson, Frank Xiaoqing Liu
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trials have shown that pembrolizumab significantly prolonged progression-free survival and overall survival compared with ipilimumab in ipilimumab-naïve patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. However, there has been no published evidence on the cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab for this indication. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab versus ipilimumab in ipilimumab-naïve patients with unresectable or meta-static melanoma from a U...
February 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109479/therapeutic-use-of-the-hpv-vaccine-in-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-case-report
#10
Christopher Sullivan, Stuart Curtis, Jason Mouzakes
Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) is a condition characterized by recurring squamous papillomas in the aerodigestive tract due to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection. Treatment includes surgical debridement of the lesions often with adjuvant therapy. A newer adjuvant agent being tested is the HPV vaccine. The case report includes a child with RRP who underwent 10 surgeries in a year with an average inter-surgical interval (ISI) of 46 days. The patient then received the scheduled regimen of 3 doses of 9 valent HPV vaccine...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089680/peripheral-retinal-changes-associated-with%C3%A2-age-related-macular-degeneration-in%C3%A2-the-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-report-number-12-by-the%C3%A2-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-optos-peripheral-retina-opera-study-research-group
#11
Amitha Domalpally, Traci E Clemons, Ronald P Danis, SriniVas R Sadda, Catherine A Cukras, Cynthia A Toth, Thomas R Friberg, Emily Y Chew
PURPOSE: To compare rates of peripheral retinal changes in Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2) participants with at least intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with control subjects without intermediate age-related changes (large drusen). DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of clinic-based patients enrolled in AREDS2 and a prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants from prospective studies. METHODS: The 200° pseudocolor and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) images were captured on the Optos 200 Tx Ultrawide-field device (Optos, Dunfermline, Scotland) by centering on the fovea and then steering superiorly and inferiorly...
January 12, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070723/anorectal-malformations-definitive-surgery-during-adulthood
#12
M P J Lopez, V I Encila, S G Alamo, H J Monroy Iii, M F T Roxas
BACKGROUND: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are rarely seen in adults, since majority of cases are corrected in infancy or childhood. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of patients who underwent definitive surgery to correct their ARM in adulthood, and to discuss the outcomes of surgery (morbidity, mortality, and function). METHODS: This retrospective study included patients 18 years old and above, managed surgically by the Division of Colorectal Surgery at the Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines, Manila, from January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2012...
January 9, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005756/reconstructing-a-giant-frontal-osteoma-with-porex
#13
Seyed Nejat Hosseini, Ali Alizadeh, Afshin Zahedi
Osteomas are the most common benign tumors of the paranasal sinuses. They are usually localized in the frontal sinus. Giant osteomas of the frontal sinuses are very rare but readily extend into the intraorbital or intracranial cavity, causing serious complications. This is a report of a 14 year-old boy with a bulging in frontal area and asymptomatic giant osteoma of the frontal sinuses. He had a history of minor trauma that had a bulging after 3 months. However, he referred to a plastic surgeon after 15 months...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000233/multifocal-sensory-demyelinating-neuropathy-report-of-a-case
#14
Shin J Oh
INTRODUCTION: Multifocal sensory demyelinating neuropathy has not been reported. METHOD: A 42-year-old man with numbness of the left hand for 3 years and of the right hand for 6 months had a pure multifocal sensory neuropathy involving both hands, most prominently affecting 2-point discrimination, number writing, and object recognition in the left hand. Near-nerve needle sensory and mixed nerve conduction studies were performed in the left ulnar nerve. RESULTS: Studies of the left ulnar nerve documented a demyelinating neuropathy characterized by temporal dispersion and marked decrease in the amplitudes of the sensory and mixed compound nerve potentials in the above elbow-axilla segment...
December 21, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984254/considerations-in-writing-about-single-case-experimental-design-studies
#15
Richard L Skolasky
Single-case experimental design (SCED) studies are particularly useful for examining the processes and outcomes of psychological and behavioral studies. Accurate reporting of SCED studies is critical in explaining the study to the reader and allowing replication. This paper outlines important elements that authors should cover when reporting the results of a SCED study. Authors should provide details on the participant, independent and dependent variables under examination, materials and procedures, and data analysis...
2016: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981929/journal-of-the-college-of-physicians-and-surgeons-of-pakistan-five-years-bibliometric-analysis
#16
Saeed Saeed Ullah, Saeed Ullah Jan, Tahir Jan, Hafiz Nafees Ahmad, Muhammad Yahya Jan, Muhammad Abdur Rauf
To conduct the bibliometric analysis of the Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP) from 2012 to 2014. The prime objectives of this report were to determine the number and percentage of articles by year, authorship pattern, gender and geographical affiliation, ranking by subject and citation analysis. A data collection instrument was developed as bibliometric form. The data was analysed using the Microsoft Excel spread sheet. Editorials and letters to editors were excluded. There were 1106 total research documents, including 721 original articles and 385 case reports...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932442/contraceptive-sales-in-the-setting-of-the-zika-virus-epidemic
#17
Luis Bahamondes, Moazzam Ali, Ilza Monteiro, Arlete Fernandes
STUDY QUESTION: Has there been any influence of the Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak on the sales of contraceptive methods in Brazil? SUMMARY ANSWER: Contraceptive sales in the 24 months of evaluation showed little variation and no significant change has been observed since the ZIKV outbreak. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Transmission of ZIKV is primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes; however, sexual transmission has also been described. The association of several birth defects and the ZIKV infection during pregnancy has been established, and it was estimated in Bahia, Brazil that the infection rate could range from 10% to 80%...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932160/successful-short-term-intravenous-treatment-of-disseminated-nocardia-farcinica-infection-with-severe-hyponatremia-after-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report
#18
A L Herzog, C Wanner, K Lopau
BACKGROUND: Nocardia is a genus of gram-positive Actinomycetes that are ubiquitous in decaying organic material, soil, and water. Some Nocardia species can infect humans, mainly by airborne transmission. Several reports describe disseminated infections, which are rare and mostly affect strongly immunocompromised patients because intact T-cell-mediated immunity is the major protective mechanism. CASE REPORT: We report a case of disseminated pulmonary, cerebral, and cutaneous infection with Nocardia farcinica in a 66-year-old kidney transplant recipient treated with low-dose triple immunosuppression...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#19
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881967/the-composer-s-program-note-for-newly-written-classical-music-content-and-intentions
#20
Diana M Blom, Dawn Bennett, Ian Stevenson
In concerts of western classical music the provision of a program note is a widespread practice dating back to the 18th century and still commonly in use. Program notes tend to inform listeners and performers about historical context, composer biographical details, and compositional thinking. However, the scant program note research conducted to date reveals that program notes may not foster understanding or enhance listener enjoyment as previously assumed. In the case of canonic works, performers and listeners may already be familiar with much of the program note information...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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