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Writing a Case report

Sarah Ackerman
The ethical underpinnings of writing about patients are explored, the question of how best to undertake the writing of case reports being subordinated to a more general question about the ethics of choosing how or whether to write. An unsolvable paradox is encountered here: that we need to write or speak about our clinical work in order to conceptualize and understand the work we are doing, but that in the very gesture of doing so, we are breaking a fundamental bond with the patient. This conundrum is viewed from a number of vantage points...
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Jong Min Kim, Seung Beom Woo, Zeeihn Lee, Sung Jae Heo, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Verbal auditory agnosia is the selective inability to recognize verbal sounds. Patients with this disorder lose the ability to understand language, write from dictation, and repeat words with reserved ability to identify nonverbal sounds. However, to the best of our knowledge, there was no report about verbal auditory agnosia in adult patient with traumatic brain injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: He was able to clearly distinguish between language and nonverbal sounds, and he did not have any difficulty in identifying the environmental sounds...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jaime Rodríguez-Guerra Pedregal, Pablo Gómez-Orellana, Jean-Didier Pierre Maréchal
Electronic Supporting Information (ESI) occupies a fundamental position in the way scientists report their work. It is a key element in lightening the writing of the core manuscript and makes concise communication easier for the authors. Computational chemistry, as all fields related to structural studies of molecules, tends to generate huge amounts of data that should be inserted in the ESI. ESI reports raising from computational chemistry works generally reach tens of sheets long and include 3D depictions, coordinates, energies and other characteristics of the structures involved in the molecular process understudy...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Jaime B Lee, Leora R Cherney
Purpose: Tau-U is a quantitative approach for analyzing single-case experimental design (SCED) data. It combines nonoverlap between phases with intervention phase trend and can correct for a baseline trend (Parker, Vannest, & Davis, 2011). We demonstrate the utility of Tau-U by comparing it with the standardized mean difference approach (Busk & Serlin, 1992) that is widely reported within the aphasia SCED literature. Method: Repeated writing measures from 3 participants with chronic aphasia who received computer-based writing treatment are analyzed visually and quantitatively using both Tau-U and the standardized mean difference approach...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Taryn M Graham, Katrina J Milaney, Cindy L Adams, Melanie J Rock
Previous research has shown that housing insecurity contributes to animal relinquishment and that tenants with dogs face disadvantages in the rental market. Still, little is known about how dog owners navigate rental markets, nor how landlords and property managers perceive dogs and other pets. This case study reports on in-depth interviews with younger tenants with dogs and on open-ended survey responses from landlords and property managers. In their housing searches, tenants with dogs reported feeling powerless in negotiations and feeling discriminated against...
February 27, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Leo L Wang, William W Thomas, Oren Friedman
The use of injectable fillers is increasingly popular as an alternative to surgery for facial cosmetic applications. In this regard, silicone is a versatile biomaterial filler that has been used for these purposes, but its use warrants further investigation, especially since it is not clinically approved for such uses. We describe the use of silicone as a facial injectable filler through a scholarly review of the literature for cases of silicone granuloma formation published from September 2007 through September 2017, and we present various contexts in which this complication has been observed...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Christian Ortega-Loubon, Carlos Culquichicón, Ricardo Correa
Case reports are valuable resources of unusual information that may lead to new research and advances in clinical practice. Many journals and medical databases recognize the time-honored importance of case reports as a valuable source of new ideas and information in clinical medicine. There are published editorials available on the continued importance of open-access case reports in our modern information-flowing world. Writing case reports is an academic duty with an artistic element. Unfortunately, few physicians-in-training receive formal education on what constitutes a publishable case report...
December 19, 2017: Curēus
Yuliia V Lysanets, Olena M Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the prevalence of Latin terms and terminological collocations in the issues of Journal of Medical Case Reports (February 2007-August 2017) and discusses the role of Latin terminology in the contemporary process of writing medical case reports. METHODS: The objective of the research is to study the frequency of using Latin terminology in English-language medical case reports, thus providing relevant guidelines for medical professionals who deal with this genre and drawing their attention to the peculiarities of using Latin in case reports...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
I Garcia-Doval, J Albrecht, C Flohr, J Batchelor, J R Ingram
Case reports and case series remain an important part of journals and are often first to document medical breakthroughs. This article reviews their characteristics, aims and limitations. It provides information on how to increase the validity of the bedside decision-making process that these studies report, using tools such as validated outcomes and split body or n-of-1 trials. A section describing tools to improve writing of case reports and case series provides suggestions for detailed reporting and good evaluation of novelty, validity and relevance...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Henry Sr Kao, Stewart Pw Lam, Tin Tin Kao
Introduction: This study investigated the efficacy of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for the awakening of patients under a vegetative state after stroke. The theories, the instrument, and the treatment protocols were reported. A single case of a severe stroke patient who was in a coma state for 2 years is presented in this study. The objectives were to apply finger writing as a new method to awaken a stroke patient in a coma state and to test the effect of this method in improving the patient's vegetative states over time...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Matthias Griese
Children's interstitial lung diseases (chILD) are increasingly recognised and contain many lung developmental and genetic disorders not yet identified in adult pneumology. Worldwide, several registers have been established. The Australasian Registry Network for Orphan Lung Disease (ARNOLD) has identified problems in estimating rare disease prevalence; focusing on chILD in immunocompetent patients, a period prevalence of 1.5 cases per million children and a mortality rate of 7% were determined. The chILD-EU register highlighted the workload to be covered per patient included and provided protocols for diagnosis and initial treatment, similar to the United States chILD network...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
M Hegemann, N Kroeger, A Stenzl, J Bedke
INTRODUCTION: Paraneoplastic syndromes (PNS) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are important to be recognized by the treating physician, because they may lead to diagnosis of underlying malignant disease. On the other hand, PNS may dominate the clinical picture and can hide the true disorder like a chameleon. When realized, a PNS can be used as a 'neoplastic tumour marker', especially in case of recurrence. Their occurrence can even be linked to prognosis of disease. METHODS: A PubMed search combining the MeSH terms renal cell carcinoma and paraneoplastic syndrome was executed in April 2015...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Nurettin Aktas, Umut Gulacti, Ugur Lok, İrfan Aydin, Tayfun Borta, Murat Celik
Objective: To identify errors in forensic reports and to describe the characteristics of traumatic medico-legal cases presenting to the emergency department (ED) at a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The study includes cases resulting in a forensic report among all traumatic patients presenting to the ED of Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey during a 1-year period. We recorded the demographic characteristics of all the cases, time of presentation to the ED, traumatic characteristics of medico-legal cases, forms of suicide attempt, suspected poisonous substance exposure, the result of follow-up and the type of forensic report...
January 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Ibukunoluwa C Akinboyo, Genevieve M Crane, Lingling Chen, Ravit Arav-Boger
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV), an infection that is endemic in certain parts of Asia, Africa, and South America, has been associated with malignancy and neurological deficits. Here, we describe a pediatric patient with chronic HTLV-I infection who developed complications associated with HTLV-I (ie, adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis). To our knowledge, this presentation in a child has never been described. The patient underwent a bone marrow transplant and, at the time of this writing, was in remission...
January 24, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Agnese Capodieci, Simona Lachina, Cesare Cornoldi
Handwriting is fundamental in school and everyday life situations. Legibility guarantees that writing productions communicate information, and speed is often crucial, especially in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in order to increase the likelihood of their being able to work efficiently and stay on-task during school activities. Preliminary reports have shown an impairment in handwriting of children with ADHD, but evidence is still unclear, especially in the case of speed where research has offered contradictory results...
January 20, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ruo-Hao Wu, Dong-Fang Li, Wen-Ting Tang, Kun-Yin Qiu, Yu Li, Xiong-Yu Liao, Dan-Xia Tang, Li-Jun Qin, Bing-Qing Deng, Xiang-Yang Luo
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect often become more severe when encountered in genetic syndromes. Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a is an inherited metabolic disorder associated with mutations in PMM2 gene and can affect almost all organs. Cardiac abnormalities vary greatly in congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a and congenital heart defects have already been reported, but there is little knowledge about the effect of this inherited disorder on an existing congenital heart defect...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Bing Liu, Gang Lin, Jingwei Liu, Haibo Liu, Xueqian Shang, Jian Li
BACKGROUND: Primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor, which is also known as endodermal sinus tumor, is a rare but lethal neoplasm, and it is a kind of mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumor. The current standard treatment in mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumors is chemotherapy combined with postchemotherapy residual mass resection. We report on seven cases of primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and extended resection. METHODS: We experienced seven cases of primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor between August 2014 and August 2017...
January 10, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Dimitrios Kasselimis, Constantin Potagas, Panagiotis Simos, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Harry Whitaker
We report a right-handed patient with a massive lesion in left perisylvian language cortex, who unexpectedly presented with fluent aphasia with semantic jargon. Language deficits were assessed with a comprehensive battery of language tests. Comprehension, naming, reading, and writing were severely impaired, and verbal expression was moderately fluent with semantic jargon. Although the patient's lesion included brain areas typically essential for motor speech coordination, he was neither nonfluent nor apraxic...
December 25, 2017: Neurocase
David E Shuttleton
This essay considers why the eighteenth century has particular significance for anyone concerned with the cultural forces necessary to render a disease fashionable. A brief overview of a pervasive cult of sensibility addresses the role of popular medical writing, imaginative literature, and spas in circulating a romanticized model of nervous disorders as signs of intellectual and moral superiority. Attention is drawn to the ambiguity in the term "fashionable" implying "popular," but also something that might be contrived; to what extent were Georgian fashionable diseases merely cultural constructs? Here the medicalization of masturbation suggests a limit-case...
2017: Literature and Medicine
Khadijeh Heidarizadeh, Maryam Rassouli, Houman Manoochehri, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Reza Kashef Ghorbanpour
Background and Aim: Recording performed nursery actions is one of the main chores of nurses. The findings have shown that recorded reports are not qualitatively valid. Since electronic reports can be regarded as a base to write reports, this study aims at determining the effect of utilizing electronic nursing reports on the quality of the records. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted with the aim of applying an electronic system of nursing recording in the heart department of Shahid Rahimi Medical Center, Lorestan University of Medical Science...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
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