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Writing a Case report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#1
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420844/protein-losing-enteropathy-caused-by-intestinal-or-colonic-lymphangiectasia-complicated-by-sporadic-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-a-report-of-two-cases
#2
Koichi Nishino, Kaku Yoshimi, Tomoyoshi Shibuya, Takuo Hayashi, Keiko Mitani, Etsuko Kobayashi, Masako Ichikawa, Tetsuhiko Asao, Yohei Suzuki, Tadashi Sato, Satomi Shiota, Yuzo Kodama, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Kuniaki Seyama
This report describes two patients with sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis complicated by protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). Imaging studies indicated retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyomas and abnormalities of the adjacent digestive tract. Endoscopic mucosal biopsy revealed colonic lymphangiectasia in one patient; whereas the site in the other patient was intestinal. Treatment with sirolimus led to the complete resolution of PLE within several months; additionally, marked shrinkage was observed in the lymphangioleiomyomas of both cases...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380972/rowland-ghost-suppression-in-high-efficiency-spectrometer-gratings-fabricated-by-e-beam-lithography
#3
Martin Heusinger, Michael Banasch, Uwe D Zeitner
In this paper we report different methods to improve the stray light performance of binary spectrometer gratings fabricated by electron beam lithography. In particular, we report the optimization concerns about spurious stray light peaks, also known as "Rowland ghosts". As already known these Rowland ghosts arise from a non-optimized stitching process of special subareas needed in order to fabricate large area gratings. One approach to reduce the impact of the stitching errors is the technique of "multi-pass-exposure" (MPE)...
March 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369357/general-practitioners-adherence-to-work-up-and-referral-recommendations-in-fertility-care
#4
H W van der Pluijm-Schouten, R P M G Hermens, C F van Heteren, H J Schers, M J Schleedoorn, M Arkenbout, P W Maassen, J A M Kremer, W L D M Nelen
STUDY QUESTION: What is the current guideline adherence by general practitioners (GPs) for work-up and subsequent referral from primary to secondary care for patients suffering from infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Guideline adherence by GPs concerning infertility was 9.2% in couples referred. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Adherence to recommendations can decrease unnecessary referral, diagnostics and treatments, and consequently result in lower expenditures...
March 24, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360503/the-role-of-copy-and-paste-function-in-orthopedic-trauma-progress-notes
#5
Wesley Winn, Irshad A Shakir, Heidi Israel, Lisa K Cannada
INTRODUCTION: The electronic medical record (EMR) is standard in institutions. While there is not concern for legibility of notes and access to charts, there is an ease of copy and paste for daily notes. This may not lead to accurate portrayal of patient's status. Our purpose was to evaluate the use of copy and paste functions in daily notes of patients with injuries at high risk for complications. METHODS: IRB approval was obtained for a retrospective review. Inclusion criteria included patients aged 18 and older treated at our Level 1 Trauma Center after implementation of Epic Systems Corporation, Verona, WI, USA...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#6
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
March 29, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344932/mutation-in-tnxb-gene-causes-moderate-to-severe-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#7
Carolyn S Kaufman, Merlin G Butler
We report a 28-year-old female who presented with severe joint pain, chronic muscle weakness, Raynaud's phenomenon, and hypermobility. She was found to have a 6074A > T nucleotide transition in the TNXB gene causing an amino acid protein change at Asp2025Val classified as likely pathogenic. We add this clinical report to the literature and classical human disease gene catalogs to identify this specific mutation as disease-causing. This gene variant was reported previously in a different 36-year-old patient who shared our patient's symptoms of joint hypermobility, skeletal and joint pain, skin elasticity and musculoskeletal problems, thereby causing a more severe presentation than seen in the hypermobility type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS)...
May 27, 2016: World Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335058/instructions-for-radiological-case-reports
#8
Peter Bannas
Purpose This paper explains the purpose and structure of a radiological case report and provides guidance for radiologists with respect to the writing of a well-structured patient case report. Materials and Methods The current literature and the author's experience as a writer were used to create a manual that describes steps for preparing a radiological case report containing all of the important ingredients for effective communication. Results Case reports are the first line of evidence in documenting clinical observations in the literature...
April 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332861/treatment-of-nightmares-in-psychiatric-inpatients-with-imagery-rehearsal-therapy-an-open-trial-and-case-series
#9
Thomas E Ellis, Katrina A Rufino, Michael R Nadorff
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the utility of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT) for nightmares in an inpatient psychiatric setting. Although IRT enjoys a substantial evidence base for efficacy in various populations, data with psychiatric inpatients are lacking. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 20 adult psychiatric inpatients (11 male, 9 female; mean age=43.4), in an extended stay psychiatric inpatient facility. All participants were diagnosed with multiple, treatment resistant, comorbid conditions, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance-related disorders...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301418/in-the-beginning-there-is-the-introduction-and-your-study-hypothesis
#10
Thomas R Vetter, Edward J Mascha
Writing a manuscript for a medical journal is very akin to writing a newspaper article-albeit a scholarly one. Like any journalist, you have a story to tell. You need to tell your story in a way that is easy to follow and makes a compelling case to the reader. Although recommended since the beginning of the 20th century, the conventional Introduction-Methods-Results-And-Discussion (IMRAD) scientific reporting structure has only been the standard since the 1980s. The Introduction should be focused and succinct in communicating the significance, background, rationale, study aims or objectives, and the primary (and secondary, if appropriate) study hypotheses...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285584/stylistic-features-of-case-reports-as-a-genre-of-medical-discourse
#11
Yuliia Lysanets, Halyna Morokhovets, Olena Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: The present paper discusses the lexical and grammatical peculiarities of English language medical case reports, taking into account their communicative purposes and intentions. METHODS: The objective of the research is to clarify the principal mechanisms of producing an effective English language medical case report and thus to provide recommendations and guidelines for medical professionals who will deal with this genre. The analysis of medical case reports will largely focus on the most significant linguistic peculiarities, such as the use of active and passive voice, the choice of particular verb tenses, and pronouns...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266886/changing-student-attitudes-through-interaction-findings-from-an-interprofessional-workshop
#12
Kathleen Gould, Karen H Day, Andrea T Barton
Healthcare professionals are increasingly expected to work in interprofessional teams. Students therefore need opportunities to learn and practise skills that will allow them to be effective team members when they enter the workforce. This article summarises an interprofessional learning experience for 289 undergraduate and graduate students representing 13 programmes in a College of Health Professions (CHP) at a US public university. The half-day workshop provided an opportunity for participants with no prior interprofessional education to collaborate in a problem-solving case study and to inform students of other professions about their professions...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225850/the-influence-of-morphological-awareness-on-reading-and-writing-a-systematic-review
#13
Ainoã Athaide Macedo Silva, Vanessa de Oliveira Martins-Reis
Purpose: this study aimed to perform a systematic review of national and international studies about the relationship between morphological awareness, reading/writing, reading comprehension, and spelling. Research strategies: a search for national and international literature was carried out using databases Medline (via PubMed) and Portal de Periódicos da Capes (Eric, PsycINFO, LILACS, SciELO) from August to September 2015. Selection criteria: the inclusion criteria were: studies that answered the guiding question and addressed the subject matter established by the descriptors and keywords...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#14
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213909/improving-prescribing-practices-a-pharmacist-led-educational-intervention-for-nurse-practitioner-students
#15
Jennifer A Sabatino, Maria C Pruchnicki, Alexa M Sevin, Elizabeth Barker, Christopher G Green, Kyle Porter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess impact of a pharmacist-led educational intervention on family nurse practitioner (FNP) students' prescribing skills, perception of preparedness to prescribe, and perception of pharmacist as collaborator. METHOD: Prospective pre-post assessment of a 14-week educational intervention in an FNP program in the spring semester of 2014. Students participated in an online module of weekly patient cases and prescriptions emphasizing legal requirements, prescription accuracy, and appropriate therapy...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#16
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#17
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125365/cost-effectiveness-of-pembrolizumab-versus-ipilimumab-in-ipilimumab-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-advanced-melanoma-in-the-united-states
#18
Jingshu Wang, Bartosz Chmielowski, James Pellissier, Ruifeng Xu, Kendall Stevinson, Frank Xiaoqing Liu
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trials have shown that pembrolizumab significantly prolonged progression-free survival and overall survival compared with ipilimumab in ipilimumab-naïve patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. However, there has been no published evidence on the cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab for this indication. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab versus ipilimumab in ipilimumab-naïve patients with unresectable or meta-static melanoma from a U...
February 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109479/therapeutic-use-of-the-hpv-vaccine-in-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-case-report
#19
Christopher Sullivan, Stuart Curtis, Jason Mouzakes
Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) is a condition characterized by recurring squamous papillomas in the aerodigestive tract due to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection. Treatment includes surgical debridement of the lesions often with adjuvant therapy. A newer adjuvant agent being tested is the HPV vaccine. The case report includes a child with RRP who underwent 10 surgeries in a year with an average inter-surgical interval (ISI) of 46 days. The patient then received the scheduled regimen of 3 doses of 9 valent HPV vaccine...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089680/peripheral-retinal-changes-associated-with%C3%A2-age-related-macular-degeneration-in%C3%A2-the-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-report-number-12-by-the%C3%A2-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-optos-peripheral-retina-opera-study-research-group
#20
Amitha Domalpally, Traci E Clemons, Ronald P Danis, SriniVas R Sadda, Catherine A Cukras, Cynthia A Toth, Thomas R Friberg, Emily Y Chew
PURPOSE: To compare rates of peripheral retinal changes in Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2) participants with at least intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with control subjects without intermediate age-related changes (large drusen). DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of clinic-based patients enrolled in AREDS2 and a prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants from prospective studies. METHODS: The 200° pseudocolor and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) images were captured on the Optos 200 Tx Ultrawide-field device (Optos, Dunfermline, Scotland) by centering on the fovea and then steering superiorly and inferiorly...
January 12, 2017: Ophthalmology
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