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Writing a Case report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132360/neoanalysis-a-python-based-toolbox-for-quick-electrophysiological-data-processing-and-analysis
#1
Bo Zhang, Ji Dai, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: In a typical electrophysiological experiment, especially one that includes studying animal behavior, the data collected normally contain spikes, local field potentials, behavioral responses and other associated data. In order to obtain informative results, the data must be analyzed simultaneously with the experimental settings. However, most open-source toolboxes currently available for data analysis were developed to handle only a portion of the data and did not take into account the sorting of experimental conditions...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#2
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109938/a-day-in-the-life-of-a-pharmacovigilance-case-processor
#3
Ritesh Bhangale, Sayali Vaity, Niranjan Kulkarni
Pharmacovigilance (PV) has grown significantly in India in the last couple of decades. The etymological roots for the word "pharmacovigilance" are "Pharmakon" (Greek for drug) and "Vigilare" (Latin for to keep watch). It relies on information gathered from the collection of individual case safety reports and other pharmacoepidemiological data. The PV data processing cycle starts with data collection in computerized systems followed by complete data entry which includes adverse event coding, drug coding, causality and expectedness assessment, narrative writing, quality control, and report submissions followed by data storage and maintenance...
October 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108478/evaluation-of-a-computer-based-prompting-intervention-to-improve-essay-writing-in-undergraduates-with-cognitive-impairment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Alexander K Ledbetter, McKay Moore Sohlberg, Stephen F Fickas, Mark A Horney, Kent McIntosh
This study evaluated a computer-based prompting intervention for improving expository essay writing after acquired brain injury (ABI). Four undergraduate participants aged 18-21 with mild-moderate ABI and impaired fluid cognition at least 6 months post-injury reported difficulty with the writing process after injury. The study employed a non-concurrent multiple probe across participants, in a single-case design. Outcome measures included essay quality scores and number of revisions to writing counted then coded by type using a revision taxonomy...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104158/moderate-salt-restriction-with-or-without-paricalcitol-in-type-2-diabetes-and-losartan-resistant-macroalbuminuria-proceed-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#5
Aneliya Parvanova, Matias Trillini, Manuel A Podestà, Ilian Petrov Iliev, Barbara Ruggiero, Manuela Abbate, Annalisa Perna, Francesco Peraro, Olimpia Diadei, Nadia Rubis, Flavio Gaspari, Fabiola Carrara, Nadia Stucchi, Antonio Belviso, Antonio C Bossi, Roberto Trevisan, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Martin de Borst, Piero Ruggenenti
BACKGROUND: Macroalbuminuria predicts renal and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess the albuminuria-lowering effects of salt restriction, paricalcitol therapy, or both, in this population. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, we recruited adult patients with type 2 diabetes from six diabetology outpatient clinics in northern Italy, with 24 h albuminuria of more than 300 mg despite 100 mg per day losartan therapy, blood pressure of less than 140/90 mm Hg, serum creatinine concentration of less than 2 mg/dL, stable renal function on stable renin-angiotensin system inhibitor therapy with a fixed dose of losartan, parathyroid hormone concentration of 20 pg/mL to <110 pg/mL, serum calcium concentration of less than 9·5 mg/dL, and serum phosphate concentration of less than 5 mg/dL, who had been more than 80% compliant with placebo treatment during a 1 month placebo run-in...
November 2, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097489/treatment-and-outcome-of-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-intravenous-alteplase-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#6
REVIEW
Shadi Yaghi, Joshua Z Willey, Brett Cucchiara, Joshua N Goldstein, Nicole R Gonzales, Pooja Khatri, Louis J Kim, Stephan A Mayer, Kevin N Sheth, Lee H Schwamm
PURPOSE: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) is the most feared complication of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. Treatment of sICH is based on expert opinion and small case series, with the efficacy of such treatments not well established. This document aims to provide an overview of sICH with a focus on pathophysiology and treatment. METHODS: A literature review was performed for randomized trials, prospective and retrospective studies, opinion papers, case series, and case reports on the definitions, epidemiology, risk factors, pathophysiology, treatment, and outcome of sICH...
November 2, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051879/the-destructive-power-of-circumstance-on-concurrent-poliomyelitis-and-osteomyelitis
#7
Delran Anandkumar, Ananthakrishnan Raghupathi, Ragai Gadelrab
INTRODUCTION: The current method in dealing with pediatric hip pathologies is to avoid joint replacement unless absolutely necessary. This decision is typically made on a scientific basis. However, this is not necessarily the correct approach in all cases as demonstrated in the following case report where social issues is an extremely important variable to be considered when deciding on surgical intervention. CASE REPORT: This case report is the first of its kind to highlight the pathology mentioned and the social determinants that were a causative agent in its development...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049705/follow-up-of-a-simple-method-for-aortic-valve-reconstruction-with-fixed-pericardium-in-children
#8
Amir-Reza Hosseinpour, Alejandro Adsuar-Gómez, Antonio González-Calle, Antonio Moruno-Tirado, Francisco García-Angleu, Israel Valverde, Felix Coserria-Sánchez, Begoña Manso-García
In 2013, we published a simple method for aortic valve reconstruction in children using fixed pericardium in this journal. This was not expected to be a durable solution but a temporizing measure in the absence of other solutions, in order to buy time for growth that would allow subsequent prosthetic valve insertion. As such, this was implemented in 3 patients with excellent immediate results, as reported in our original publication. We are now writing to provide longer term information. In 2 cases, a newborn and a 12-year-old boy, the valve calcified heavily at 4 years' follow-up...
July 21, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047386/epoetin-%C3%AE-pegol-continuous-erythropoietin-receptor-activator-cera-is-another-choice-for-the-treatment-of-anemia-in-myelodysplastic-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Hiroshi Naito, Tetsuya Kitamura, Hideki Hattori
BACKGROUND: In most patients, anemia is present when myelodysplastic syndrome is diagnosed. Although darbepoetin α is the first-choice supportive therapy for low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome, half of all patients develop a loss of response to darbepoetin α within 12 months. However, few reports have described supportive therapy after the loss of response to darbepoetin α. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein present a case involving a 65-year-old Japanese woman with low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome whose erythropoiesis-stimulating agent treatment was switched from darbepoetin α to epoetin β pegol (continuous erythropoietin receptor activator) to treat transfusion-dependent anemia...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034486/-everyone-assumes-a-man-to-be-quite-strong-men-masculinity-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-study-approach
#10
Caroline Flurey, Alan White, Karen Rodham, John Kirwan, Robert Noddings, Sarah Hewlett
Current literature has overlooked the impact of chronic illness on masculine identity. We therefore aimed to investigate the impact of rheumatoid arthritis (a long term condition, affecting more women than men) on masculine identity. Six focus groups with 22 men with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (data reported elsewhere) followed by five one-to-one interviews with men (English, mean age: 59 years) sampled to reflect a heterogeneous experience of life with RA based on knowledge gained from the focus groups. Transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis and are presented as individual case studies...
October 15, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026627/marked-peripheral-eosinophilia-due-to-prolonged-administration-of-posaconazole
#11
Maher Alharbi, Rae-Kiran Jhinger, Terence Wuerz, Andrew Walkty
Introduction. Posaconazole is a triazole antifungal that is used in the treatment of a variety of fungal infections, as well as in the management of mucormycosis (on an off-label basis). Eosinophilia associated with exposure to azole antifungals has been described rarely in the literature. Case presentation. A 31-year-old male on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for end-stage renal disease, secondary to diabetic nephropathy, presented to hospital with abdominal pain after a trip to St Lucia. He was taken to the operating room, where the PD catheter was removed and an abdominal-wall abscess was debrided...
June 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931497/use-of-simulation-based-on-an-electronic-health-records-environment-to-evaluate-the-structure-and-accuracy-of-notes-generated-by-medical-scribes-proof-of-concept-study
#12
Robert Pranaat, Vishnu Mohan, Megan O'Reilly, Maxwell Hirsh, Karess McGrath, Gretchen Scholl, Deborah Woodcock, Jeffrey A Gold
BACKGROUND: The increasing adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) has been associated with a number of unintended negative consequences with provider efficiency and job satisfaction. To address this, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of medical scribes to perform many of the required EHR functions. Despite this rapid growth, little has been published on the training or assessment tools to appraise the safety and efficacy of scribe-related EHR activities. Given the number of reports documenting that other professional groups suffer from a number of performance errors in EHR interface and data gathering, scribes likely face similar challenges...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927039/an-unexpected-invasive-hydatidiform-mole-in-a-rudimentary-uterine-horn-a-case-report
#13
Manfei Si, Peng Li, Zeng Yuan, Hui Ma, Baoxia Cui, Beihua Kong
Rudimentary horns of the uterus develop as a result of a partial non-development of one Müllerian duct, a type of congenital uterine anomaly. Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is uncommon and the outcome tends to be poor, with the majority of cases resulting in rupture between 10 and 15 gestational weeks, with significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Regardless of the availability of imagiological procedures and the advances being made in this field, the diagnosis of this type of ectopic pregnancy often only occurs during laparotomy or laparoscopy subsequent to abdominal pain and collapse...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906170/developmental-graphemic-buffer-dysgraphia-in-english-a-single-case-study
#14
Kristina Barisic, Saskia Kohnen, Lyndsey Nickels
A single case study is reported of a 10-year-old, English-speaking boy, L.S., who presented with spelling errors similar to those described in acquired graphemic buffer dysgraphia (GBD). We used this case to evaluate the appropriateness of applying adult cognitive models to the investigation of developmental cognitive disorders. The dual-route model of spelling guided this investigation. L.S. primarily made "letter errors" (deletions, additions, substitutions, transpositions, or a combination of these errors) on words and nonwords and in all input (aural and visual) and output modalities (writing, typing, oral spelling); there was also some evidence of a length effect and U-shaped serial position curve...
September 14, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886926/2017-focused-update-of-the-2016%C3%A2-acc%C3%A2-expert-consensus-decision-pathway-on-the-role-of-non-statin-therapies-for-ldl-cholesterol-lowering-in%C3%A2-the-management-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-task-force
#15
Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Pamela B Morris, Christie M Ballantyne, Kim K Birtcher, David D Daly, Sondra M DePalma, Margo B Minissian, Carl E Orringer, Sidney C Smith
In 2016, the American College of Cardiology published the first expert consensus decision pathway (ECDP) on the role of non-statin therapies for low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol lowering in the management of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. Since the publication of that document, additional evidence and perspectives have emerged from randomized clinical trials and other sources, particularly considering the longer-term efficacy and safety of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors in secondary prevention of ASCVD...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867962/vaccine-research-and-development-tuberculosis-as-a-global-health-threat
#16
REVIEW
Mohammed Maikudi Usman, Salmah Ismail, Teow Chong Teoh
One of the aims of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Millennium Development Goals (MDG) is to reduce the number of cases of tuberculosis (TB) infection by the year 2015. However, 9 million new cases were reported in 2013, with an estimated 480,000 new cases of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) globally. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the most available and currently used candidate vaccine against tuberculosis; it prevents childhood TB, but its effectiveness against pulmonary TB in adults and adolescents is disputed...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863117/rituximab-monotherapy-is-effective-in-treating-orbital-necrobiotic-xanthogranuloma
#17
Oded Sagiv, Sudip D Thakar, Gail Morrell, Michael T Tetzlaff, Bita Esmaeli
The authors report a case of a patient with bilateral orbital necrobiotic xanthogranuloma and no associated systemic paraproteinemia. Orbital biopsy showed strong expression of CD20-positive cells. The patient was treated with systemic rituximab monotherapy, with excellent clinical response and marked regression of the orbital lesions on imaging. At the time of writing, the patient has been treated with bimonthly rituximab maintenance therapy for 22 months and has stable clinical and imaging findings with sustained response to treatment and no reported side effects...
August 23, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853969/the-active-engagement-model-of-applied-ethics-as-a-structure-for-ethical-reflection-in-the-context-of-course-based-service-learning
#18
Kathryn C Nesbit, Gail M Jensen, Clare Delany
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to explore the active engagement model as a tool to illuminate the ethical reflections of student physical therapists in the context of service learning in a developing country. METHODS: The study participants were a convenience sample of six students. The study design is a case report using a phenomenological perspective. Data were collected from students' narrative writing and semi-structured interviews. The steps of the active engagement model provided the structural framework for student responses...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843505/the-clinical-case-validity-values-and-strategies-to-approach-its-writing
#19
J M Mellado, C D Packer
The case report is used to communicate the experience acquired by its authors with a patient. Although its relevance has been doubted, the case report deserves to be vindicated and contextualized. We review the case report's historical tradition, recent evolution and current formats. We describe its utility as a scientific tool, a continuing education resource and an aid to diagnosis. We reflect on the teaching potential its writing entails. Finally, we provide strategies to address the writing of a radiological case report...
August 23, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801086/slowly-progressive-leukodystrophy-in-an-adolescent-male-with-phosphoglycerate-kinase-deficiency
#20
Shimpei Baba, Ayumi Kobayashi, Haruna Yokoyama, Kengo Moriyama, Ayako Kashimada, Jun Oyama, Ayako Owada, Shoichi Oyama, Tomohiro Morio, Masatoshi Takagi
We report the case of an 18-year-old man with a phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) deficiency who had slowly progressive leukodystrophy during adolescence. The patient had a history of severe neonatal jaundice, hemolytic crisis with rhabdomyolysis triggered by febrile viral infections, dysarthria, and intellectual disability during early childhood. Clumsiness in walking and writing became obvious at ∼10years of age. Evaluations performed by us on the 18-year-old patient confirmed the presence of pyramidal tract signs, increased muscle tone, and generalized dystonia...
August 8, 2017: Brain & Development
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