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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918381/assessing-decisional-capacity-for-research-participation-in-psychiatric-patients-and-their-relatives
#1
Donae Elizabeth George, Saumil Dholakia, Prathap Tharyan
A cross-sectional study among adult inpatients with non-organic psychiatric disorders, and among their key relatives, assessed their comprehension and recall of key information in consent forms. It also assessed their capacity to consent to participate in two hypothetical randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with different potential risks and burdens, using structured questionnaires and recorded interviews. Of the 24 participants (12 patient-key relative dyads), seven patients (58%) and three key relatives (25%) were clinically judged to lack the capacity to consent...
August 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916268/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-portugal-results-from-the-first-portuguese-health-examination-survey-insef-2015
#2
Vânia Gaio, Liliana Antunes, Sónia Namorado, Marta Barreto, Ana Gil, Irina Kyslaya, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Ana Santos, Linn Bøhler, Emília Castilho, Patrícia Vargas, Isabel do Carmo, Baltazar Nunes, Carlos Matias Dias
Obesity is recognised as a serious public health issue, due to its associated morbidity and mortality. This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Portuguese population through direct measurements obtained by the 1st National Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015) and to identify its associated sociodemographic factors. INSEF was a nationally representative cross-sectional prevalence study conducted on 4911 Portuguese adults aged 25-74 years, in 2015. Height and weight were measured according to the European Health Examination Survey procedures...
September 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915814/mediation-effects-of-medication-information-processing-and-adherence-on-association-between-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life
#3
Sunmi Song, Seung-Mi Lee, Sunmee Jang, Yoon Jin Lee, Na-Hyun Kim, Hye-Ryoung Sohn, Dong-Churl Suh
BACKGROUND: To examine whether medication related information processing defined as reading of over-the-counter drug labels, understanding prescription instructions, and information seeking-and medication adherence account for the association between health literacy and quality of life, and whether these associations may be moderated by age and gender. METHODS: A sample of 305 adults in South Korea was recruited through a proportional quota sampling to take part in a cross-sectional survey on health literacy, medication-related information processing, medication adherence, and quality of life...
September 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912107/a-short-food-literacy-questionnaire-sflq-for-adults-findings-from-a-swiss-validation-study
#4
Corinna Gréa Krause, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Katrin Sommerhalder, Stefanie Hayoz, Thomas Abel
The short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) was developed to measure a broad range of skills including functional, interactive, and critical elements of FL. This study evaluated SFLQ measurement properties. We used a workplace intervention trial to reduce salt intake in Switzerland to explore the underlying structure of the questionnaire with 350 respondents and identify the ideal number of SFLQ items to capture the different elements of FL. Exploratory factor analysis showed a unidimensional structure of the final 12-item questionnaire...
September 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906188/analysis-of-the-omaha-system-prototype-icons-for-health-literacy-a-global-survey
#5
Yu Jin Kang, Karen A Monsen, Barbara E Martinson, Annika E Stromme, Elizabeth G Weirich, Ryan N Schneider, Emily C Lawrence, Taylor A Maki, Chikako Seebold, Karen S Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902724/validation-of-the-integrated-model-of-health-literacy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#6
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Yi-Jing Huang, Yen Lee, Cheng-Te Chen, Gong-Hong Lin, Ching-Lin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) enables patients with breast cancer to actively participate in health decisions and promote positive health outcomes. The Integrated Model of Health Literacy (IMHL), defined as the personal, situational, and societal/environmental factors that predict the level of HL that can influence health outcomes, incorporates the concepts, determinants, and consequences of HL. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms and completeness of the IMHL in patients with breast cancer...
September 11, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901159/health-information-preferences-of-parents-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#7
Adam M Drent, David C Brousseau, Andrea K Morrison
Parents of children seeking nonurgent care in the emergency department completed surveys concerning media use and preferences for health education material. Results were compiled using descriptive statistics, compared by health literacy level with logistic regression, adjusting for race/ethnicity and income. Semistructured qualitative interviews to elicit reasons for preferences, content preference, and impact of health information were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. Surveys (n = 71) showed that despite equal access to online health information, parents with low health literacy were more likely to use the internet less frequently than daily ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899712/an-empirical-test-of-the-health-empowerment-model-does-patient-empowerment-moderate-the-effect-of-health-literacy-on-health-status
#8
Lilla Náfrádi, Kent Nakamoto, Márta Csabai, Orsolya Papp-Zipernovszky, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVE: The Health Empowerment Model (Schulz & Nakamoto, 2013) advocates that the effects of health literacy and empowerment are intertwined on health outcomes. This study aims to test this assumption in the context of health status as a patient outcome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 302 participants between June and December 2015. The participants' health literacy (using the NVS and S-TOFHLA tests), empowerment and self-reported health status were assessed...
September 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899710/health-literacy-and-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Gabriela Suéllen da Silva Chaves, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Paul Oh
OBJECTIVE: Identify health literacy (HL) screening instruments available to CAD patients; describe the prevalence of low HL; explore the predictors of low HL; and, identify the association between HL, health behaviors, and outcomes among these patients. METHODS: A literature search of electronic databases was conducted for published articles from database inception to February 2017. Eligible articles included the assessment of HL in CAD patients. Health behaviors and outcomes included diet, exercise, smoking, medication use, hospital readmission, knowledge, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychosocial indicators...
September 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#10
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894707/health-literacy-among-visitors-of-district-polyclinics-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#11
Gaukhar Kayupova, Botagoz Turdaliyeva, Kazbek Tulebayev, Tuyen Van Duong, Peter Wushou Chang, Diana Zagulova
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate health literacy levels of patients in Almaty City, Kazakhstan and to identify socio-demographics and socio-economic factors related to their health literacy. METHODS: An international survey instrument HLS-EU-Q developed by the European Health Literacy Consortium was used in a cross-sectional study with 1000 citizens in the Almaty City at the age of 18 and over who visited the out-patient departments in the polyclinics between Feb and Oct 2014...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888502/health-literacy-in-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#12
Elizabeth L Perry, Patricia A Carter, Heather A Becker, Alexandra A Garcia, Michael Mackert, Karen E Johnson
PURPOSE: To evaluate health literacy in a cohort of 75 adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive correlational study included assessment of demographic measures and appraisal of data resulting from completion of the REALM-Teen and Newest Vital Sign (NVS) instruments by 75 Black, non-Hispanic adolescents with SCD. Convenience sampling was utilized. Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of one of the four primary genotypes of SCD and age 10-19years...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886146/association-between-health-literacy-and-patient-experience-of-primary-care-attributes-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#13
Takuya Aoki, Machiko Inoue
Primary care is regarded as a setting that potentially mitigate patient health literacy (HL) related inequalities. However, there is a lack of evidence about influence of patient HL on the patients' perception of quality of primary care. We aimed to examine the association between HL and patient experience of primary care attributes. We conducted a cross-sectional survey, and sent questionnaires to adult residents who were randomly selected from a basic resident register in Yugawara Town, Kanagawa, Japan. We assessed HL using a 14-item Health Literacy Scale (HLS-14) and patient experience of primary care attributes using a Japanese version of Primary Care Assessment Tool (JPCAT), which comprises six domains: first contact, longitudinality, coordination, comprehensiveness (services available), comprehensiveness (services provided), and community orientation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885345/long-term-effectiveness-of-the-diabetes-conversation-map-program-a-prepost-education-intervention-study-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-in-taiwan
#14
Jui-Yu Hung, Pin-Fan Chen, Hanoch Livneh, Yi-Yu Chen, How-Ran Guo, Tzung-Yi Tsai
Health education is compulsory for patients with chronic and life-threatening disease, especially for those with diabetes mellitus (DM). This study aimed to examine the long-term effectiveness of the Diabetes Conversation Map Program (DCMP) among DM patients in Taiwan.A quasi-experimental research design using convenience sampling and nonrandom group assignment was applied to recruit 95 type 2 diabetic subjects from a hospital in Taiwan. In addition to routine care, the experiment group (n = 49) received 7 sessions of DCMP that delivered over 2 months, while the control group (n = 46) received only routine care during the same period...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878436/effect-of-text-messages-to-improve-health-literacy-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#15
Hideki Sugita, Ryoji Shinohara, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Kohta Suzuki, Zentaro Yamagata
It has been suggested that low health literacy (HL) is associated with poor medication adherence. This study aimed to examine the effect of a text message-based HL intervention to promote medication adherence, compared with text messages that only sent medication reminders, in patients with type 2 diabetes. This was a single-center, open-label, randomized (1:1) controlled pilot study. The study period was 6 months. Intervention group was sent HL related text messages, compared to the reminder messages that were sent to the control group...
August 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877842/improving-health-literacy-about-dementia-among-older-chinese-and-vietnamese-australians
#16
Betty Haralambous, Paulene Mackell, Xiaoping Lin, Marcia Fearn, Briony Dow
The number of older people in the population is increasing faster than for any other age group. This population growth, while positive, is associated with increasing incidence of chronic and progressive diseases such as dementia. This requires older people to navigate services that may not be designed to meet their needs. This issue can be further amplified in culturally and linguistically diverse populations who often have limited English language proficiency and limited knowledge of diseases such as dementia...
September 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877636/is-the-newest-vital-sign-a-useful-measure-of-health-literacy-in-hiv-disease
#17
Victoria M Kordovski, Steven Paul Woods, Gunes Avci, Marizela Verduzco, Erin E Morgan
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy is common among persons infected with HIV and has been linked to poor mental and physical health outcomes, but there are no well-validated screening measures of health literacy in this vulnerable clinical population. The present study evaluates the usefulness of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) as a brief measure of health literacy in HIV disease. METHODS: Seventy-eight HIV+ adults were administered the NVS, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), and Single Item Literacy Screener (SILS)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872905/web-based-health-information-seeking-and-ehealth-literacy-among-patients-living-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#18
Michael L Stellefson, Jonathan J Shuster, Beth H Chaney, Samantha R Paige, Julia M Alber, J Don Chaney, P S Sriram
Many people living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) have low general health literacy; however, there is little information available on these patients' eHealth literacy, or their ability to seek, find, understand, and appraise online health information and apply this knowledge to address or solve disease-related health concerns. A nationally representative sample of patients registered in the COPD Foundation's National Research Registry (N = 1,270) was invited to complete a web-based survey to assess socio-demographic (age, gender, marital status, education), health status (generic and lung-specific health-related quality of life), and socio-cognitive (social support, self-efficacy, COPD knowledge) predictors of eHealth literacy, measured using the 8-item eHealth literacy scale (eHEALS)...
September 5, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872732/preferences-related-to-the-use-of-mobile-apps-as-dental-patient-educational-aids-a-pilot-study
#19
Courtney E Bohn, Michelle R McQuistan, Susan C McKernan, Natoshia M Askelson
PURPOSE: Numerous patient education apps have been developed to explain dental treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions and preferences regarding the use of apps in dental settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patient education apps describing fixed partial dentures were demonstrated to participants (N = 25). Questions about each app were asked using a semi-structured interview format to assess participants' opinions about each app's content, images, features, and use...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869793/the-relationship-between-knowledge-health-literacy-and-adherence-among-patients-taking-oral-anticoagulants-for-stroke-thromboprophylaxis-in-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Chanelle A Rolls, Kehinde O Obamiro, Leanne Chalmers, Luke R E Bereznicki
BACKGROUND: Patients' knowledge regarding their oral anticoagulant (OAC) treatment for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), their level of medication adherence and health literacy are known to affect treatment outcomes. However, contemporary data regarding the relationships between these variables are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between anticoagulant knowledge, health literacy and self-reported adherence in patients taking warfarin and the directly acting oral anticoagulants...
September 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
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