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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649231/medications-adherence-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-gaza-strip-palestine
#1
Aymen Elsous, Mahmoud Radwan, Hasnaa Al-Sharif, Ayman Abu Mustafa
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence to anti-diabetic medications among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) seeking medical care in the Gaza Strip, Palestine. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 369 primary care patients with type 2 DM from October to December 2016. Adherence to medications was measured using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4). Socio-demographic and clinical variables, provider-patient relationship, health literacy, and health belief were examined for each patient...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648988/comparing-the-mental-health-literacy-of-chinese-people-in-australia-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-implications-for-mental-health-promotion
#2
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Xiao Yu Zhuang, Ting Kin Ng, Shu-Man Pan, Xuesong He, Ada Poon
Using data of 200, 522, 572, and 287 Chinese from Australia, China, Hong Kong and Taiwan respectively, this study aimed at comparing the mental health literacy of Chinese people from different communities, and between Chinese communities and the Australian general public. The participants were asked questions that assessed their recognition of depression and schizophrenia. Compared with the Australians, much lower percentages of Chinese in the four Chinese communities could correctly identify depression and early schizophrenia...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648551/science-politics-and-communication-the-case-of-community-water-fluoridation-in-the-us
#3
Myron Allukian, Olivia D Carter-Pokras, Barbara F Gooch, Alice M Horowitz, Hiroko Iida, Matt Jacob, Dushanka V Kleinman, Jayanth Kumar, William R Maas, Howard Pollick, R Gary Rozier
Community water fluoridation (CWF) and its effect in reducing the burden of dental caries (tooth decay) is considered one of the 10 public health achievements in the 20th century. In the U.S., three-quarters (74.4%) of people on community water supplies have optimally fluoridated water, and each year approximately 90 communities actively consider starting or discontinuing CWF. CWF exists within the policy environment and includes actions taken by local community councils, health and water boards, and groups; state legislatures and health departments; national regulatory and science agencies; independent science entities; and professional and nonprofit organizations...
May 29, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646519/the-association-of-health-literacy-with-preventable-ed-visits-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Meenakshi P Balakrishnan, Jill Boylston Herndon, Jingnan Zhang, Thomas Payton, Jonathan Shuster, Donna L Carden
BACKGROUND: Policy-makers argue that emergency department (ED) visits for conditions preventable with high-quality outpatient care contribute to waste in the healthcare system. However, access to ambulatory care is uneven, especially for vulnerable populations like minorities, the poor and those with limited health literacy. The impact of limited health literacy on ED visits that are preventable with timely, high-quality ambulatory care is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of health literacy and preventable ED visits...
June 24, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646250/assessing-competence-at-a-higher-level-among-older-adults-development-of-the-japan-science-and-technology-agency-index-of-competence-jst-ic
#5
Hajime Iwasa, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Yuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Shimada, Rika Otsuka, Kazunori Kikuchi, Kumiko Nonaka, Hiroto Yoshida, Hideyo Yoshida, Takao Suzuki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Older adults' ever-improving health and changing lifestyles necessitate the development of a scale that can better measure their competence at a higher level. We developed the Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence (JST-IC) via item analysis and assessed its psychometric properties. METHODS: Participants were 1306 community-dwelling older adults (623 men and 683 women, 74.0 ± 2.8 years old) who completed the 54-item draft JST-IC to determine their level of independence...
June 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645223/decline-in-literacy-and-incident-ad-dementia-among-community-dwelling-older-persons
#6
Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, S Duke Han, Sue Leurgans, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: To quantify longitudinal change in financial and health literacy and examine the associations of declining literacy with incident Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHOD: Data came from 799 participants of an ongoing cohort study. Literacy was measured using a battery of 32 questions. Clinical diagnoses were made annually following uniform structured procedures. The associations of declining literacy with incident AD dementia and MCI were tested using a joint model for longitudinal and time-to-event data...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643671/-health-literacy-and-diabetes-control-in-patients-attending-a-university-outpatient-clinic-in-argentina
#7
Alexander Ariza Bolivar, Martín E Lanteri, Carla Y Cícero, Adriana Pérez, Félix M Puchulu, Raúl Mejía
Health literacy (HL) is a measure of a patient ability to read, understand and to take decisions on medical instructions. Patients with inadequate HL have poorer health outcomes than those with adequate HL. There is little information on HL levels in diabetic patients in Argentina. The aim of this study was to explore the association between HL and glycemic control in diabetic patients from a university hospital in Argentina. HL was assessed with the Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Spanish-speaking Adults (SAHLSA), glycemic control through glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c); 156 patients (58% women) took part in the study...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643399/distributed-health-literacy-among-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-in-portugal-defining-levels-of-awareness-and-support
#8
Liliana Abreu, João Arriscado Nunes, Peter Taylor, Susana Silva
This study embraces a patient-centred and narrative-oriented notion of health literacy, exploring how social networks and personal experiences constitute distributed health literacy (DHL) by mapping out health literacy mediators of each individual and how they enable self-management skills and knowledge of health conditions. Semi-structured interviews with 26 patients with type 2 diabetes were conducted in a Primary Care Center of Porto (Portugal) from October 2014 to December 2015. Data were collected based on McGill Illness Narrative Interview (MINI)...
June 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641166/care-coordination-at-a-pediatric-accountable-care-organization-aco-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Baria Hafeez, Sophia Miller, Anup D Patel, Zachary M Grinspan
OBJECTIVE: Care coordinators may help manage care for children with chronic illness. Their role in pediatric epilepsy care is understudied. We aimed to qualitatively describe the content of a care coordination intervention for children with epilepsy. METHODS: We conducted nine semi-structured interviews and one focus group with care coordinators at a pediatric accountable care organization (ACO) in Ohio. The care coordinators used a modified version of a published care coordination checklist for children with epilepsy (Patel AD, 2014)...
June 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639997/parent-education-is-changing-a-review-of-smartphone-apps
#10
Deborah Winders Davis, M Cynthia Logsdon, Krista Vogt, Jeff Rushton, John Myers, Adrian Lauf, Felicia Hogan
PURPOSE: The purpose was to critique existing parenting apps using established criteria and health literacy guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive methodology was used. METHODS: The Apple App Store was searched using the terms parenting, child health, and infant health. To be included, the apps had to have relevant content (parenting, child health, or infant health), be in English, and contain parent education. After eliminating apps that failed to meet inclusion criteria from the original 203 apps, 46 apps were reviewed...
June 20, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639719/understanding-indigenous-patient-attendance-a-qualitative-study
#11
Stephen Copeland, Josephine Muir, Angus Turner
OBJECTIVE: To better understand Indigenous patient non-attendance at medical specialty appointments by learning from the patients attending their scheduled outreach ophthalmology clinic appointment. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A qualitative study using face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 69 Indigenous Australian ophthalmology patients and 8 clinic workers at one urban and one rural Aboriginal Medical Service (AMS) over the period from April 2015 to November 2015...
June 22, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639525/considerations-when-conducting-e-delphi-research-a-case-study
#12
Coleen Toronto
Background E-Delphi is a way to access a geographically dispersed group of experts. It is similar to other Delphi methods but conducted online. E-research methodologies, such as the e-Delphi method, have yet to undergo significant critical discussion. Aim To highlight some of the challenges nurse researchers may wish to consider when using e-Delphi in their research. Discussion This paper provides details about the author's approach to conducting an e-Delphi study in which a group of health literacy nurse experts (n=41) used an online survey platform to identify and prioritise essential health literacy competencies for registered nurses...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639481/supporting-decision-making-by-a-health-promotion-programme-experiences-of-persons-ageing-in-the-context-of-migration
#13
Emmelie Barenfeld, Susanne Gustafsson, Lars Wallin, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
This study is part of the Promoting Aging Migrants' Capabilities programme that applied person-centred group meetings and one individual home visit to prolong independence in daily activities among people ≥70 years who had migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Western Balkan region. With the purpose to understand programme outcomes, the study aimed to explore the participants' everyday experiences of using health-promoting messages exchanged during the programme. Using a grounded theory approach, 12 persons aged 70-83 years were interviewed six months to one year after their participation in the programme...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639095/knowledge-awareness-and-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-korean-american-parents
#14
Sarah Hyun, Seulgi Lee, William R Ventura, Joseph McMenamin
Hepatitis B (HB) affects 240 million people around the world, and children and young adults make up a large proportion of the infected population. Approximately 1 million people die from HB each year. Despite the seriousness of HB and its complications, many are poorly linked to clinical care. A lack of health literacy may be a critical barrier hindering access to HB care for adults as well as children in these populations. We, therefore, performed a survey to assess the level of knowledge of HB among Korean American parents...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638820/dementia-literacy-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-urban-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Haifeng Zhang, Samantha M Loi, Shu'aijun Zhou, Mei Zhao, Xiaozhen Lv, Jing Wang, Xiao Wang, Nicola Lautenschlager, Xin Yu, Huali Wang
OBJECTIVE: Delay in seeking diagnosis of dementia is common in China. Misinformation and poor knowledge about dementia may contribute to it. The study was designed to explore the nationwide dementia literacy among older adults in urban China and to investigate the factors associated with overall dementia literacy. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a convenience sample of 3,439 community-dwelling old adults aged 60 and over was recruited from 34 cities in 20 provinces between June 20 and August 20, 2014...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638501/the-growing-health-literacy-gap-and-graduate-medical-education
#16
EDITORIAL
Gail M Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636404/examining-the-association-between-health-literacy-and-medication-adherence-among-older-adults
#17
Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Charles Mouton
Health literacy plays a vital role in patients' understanding of their prescribed medication instructions. To inform strategies to assist providers in communicating in a manner that is easily understood by patients, it would be beneficial to determine the relationship between health literacy and the day-to-day aspects of medication adherence. This study identified: 1) differences of health literacy levels in medication adherence; 2) the association between health literacy and medication adherence; and 3) and factors associated with medication adherence score...
June 21, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629857/parents-underestimations-of-child-weight-implications-for-obesity-prevention
#18
Carol J Howe, Gina Alexander, Jada Stevenson
Obesity prevention efforts may be ineffective if parents lack awareness of their children's overweight status. This study examined the factors that predicted parents' underestimation of child weight status. Using a cross sectional design, researchers recruited children and parents in a local children's museum. Parents completed a demographic questionnaire, the Newest Vital Sign, and the Child Body Image Scale. Children's height and weight were measured to calculate child BMI. Random effects modeling examined the association between predictor variables (parent race/ethnicity, income, education, and health literacy, and child BMI percentile, gender, and age) and the dependent variable, parent underestimation of child weight status...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629412/cross-cultural-validation-of-health-literacy-measurement-tools-in-italian-oncology-patients
#19
Paola Zotti, Simone Cocchi, Jerry Polesel, Chiara Cipolat Mis, Donato Bragatto, Silvio Cavuto, Alice Conficconi, Carla Costanzo, Melissa De Giorgi, Christina A Drace, Federica Fiorini, Laura Gangeri, Andrea Lisi, Rosalba Martino, Paola Mosconi, Angelo Paradiso, Valentina Ravaioli, Ivana Truccolo, Paolo De Paoli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristics of four Health Literacy (HL) measurement tools, viz. Newest Vital Sign (NVS), Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (STOFHLA), Single Item Literacy Screener (SILS) and Single question on Self-rated Reading Ability (SrRA) among Italian oncology patients. METHODS: The original version of the tools were translated from the English language into Italian using a standard forward-backward procedure and according to internationally recognized good practices...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629329/personalised-informed-choice-on-evidence-and-controversy-on-mammography-screening-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Anna Roberto, Cinzia Colombo, Giulia Candiani, Livia Giordano, Paola Mantellini, Eugenio Paci, Roberto Satolli, Mario Valenza, Paola Mosconi
BACKGROUND: In Italy women aged 50-69 are invited for a population-based breast cancer (BC) screening. Physicians, policy makers and patients associations agree on the need to inform women about the benefits and harms in order to permit an informed decision. Decision aids (DA) are an effective way to support people in their decisions about health. This trial aims to assess women's informed choices, according to their health literacy and values, on participating or not in BC screening for the first time...
June 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
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