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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806366/african-american-veterans-storytelling-a-multisite-randomized-trial-to-improve-hypertension
#1
Thomas K Houston, Gemmae M Fix, Stephanie L Shimada, Judith A Long, Howard S Gordon, Charlene Pope, Julie Volkman, Jeroan J Allison, Kathryn DeLaughter, Michelle Orner, Barbara G Bokhour
BACKGROUND: Disparities in hypertension control persist for African American Veterans. OBJECTIVE: To enhance cultural relevance of hypertension control self-management education, in a multisite, stratified randomized trial, we tested an interactive Veteran-to-Veteran storytelling digital video disk (DVD) intervention created with Veteran partners, versus an education-only DVD comparison. METHODS: At 3 VA facilities, African American Veterans with uncontrolled hypertension were randomized to storytelling DVD intervention or didactic comparison DVD and followed for 6 months...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805154/mental-health-literacy-stigma-and-perception-of-causation-of-mental-illness-among-chinese-people-in-taiwan
#2
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Shu-Man Pan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been performed to explore mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes towards mental illness and their relationships with causal beliefs about mental illness among Chinese people in Taiwan. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes of Taiwanese Chinese with those found among Australian and Japanese participants in other studies and to explore how mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes relate to different perceptions of causes of mental illness...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800559/assessment-of-health-literacy-among-outpatient-clinics-attendees-at-ain-shams-university-hospitals-egypt-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
R Almaleh, Y Helmy, E Farhat, H Hasan, A Abdelhafez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of conducting this study is to measure health literacy (HL) and to investigate the factors associated with inadequate HL in a sample of outpatient clinics attendees (i.e. patients and companions) at Ain Shams University (ASU) Hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: It is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study was conducted on 805 attendees of the outpatient clinics at El-Demerdash University Hospital of ASU Hospitals. The Arabic versions of the Swedish Functional Health Literacy Scale and the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire-short version-were used to assess HL...
August 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800268/asthma-management-experiences-of-australians-who-are-native-arabic-speakers
#4
Reem Alzayer, Betty Chaar, Iman Basheti, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the asthma management experiences of people with asthma within the Arabic-speaking community in Australia. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews guided by a schedule of questions were conducted with 25 Arabic-speaking women with asthma/carer of a child with asthma, recruited from medical practices and community centers in Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: Twenty-five Arabic-speaking participants with asthma or caring for those with asthma were interviewed...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799072/cervical-cancer-literacy-in-women-of-reproductive-age-and-its-related-factors
#5
Maryam Bazaz, Parvin Shahry, Sayed Mahmood Latifi, Marzieh Araban
Cancer health literacy, which is the ability to search, understand, and use health information to make appropriate health decisions, plays an important role in the use of preventative and screening information. The present study aims to evaluate cervical cancer health literacy in women of reproductive age and its related factors. In this cross-sectional study, 231 women of reproductive age who referred to health centers of Khuzestan Province, Iran, were selected via convenience sampling. A valid and reliable measure was employed to collect information about various dimensions of cervical cancer health literacy, including having access to, reading, understanding, appraising, using, and communicating it...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795936/relationship-of-health-literacy-of-heart-failure-patients-and-their-family-members-on-heart-failure-knowledge-and-self-care
#6
Jia-Rong Wu, Carolyn M Reilly, James Holland, Melinda Higgins, Patricia C Clark, Sandra B Dunbar
We explored the relationships among patients' and family members' (FMs) health literacy, heart failure (HF) knowledge, and self-care behaviors using baseline data from HF patients and their FMs ( N = 113 pairs) in a trial of a self-care intervention. Measures included Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine, Atlanta HF Knowledge Test, a heart failure Medication Adherence Scale, and sodium intake (24-hr urine and 3-day food record). Patients with low health literacy (LHL) were more likely to have lower HF knowledge ( p < ...
February 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793846/health-literacy-and-written-communication-in-skilled-nursing-subacute-facilities
#7
Christopher Galati, Rachel Adams, Kay Graham, Katharyn Reynolds, Julia Zametin
Health literacy is a concern for older adults. Low health literacy can lead to adverse health outcomes; therefore, practitioners should address health literacy with clients. There is limited research addressing occupational therapy (OT) practitioners' knowledge of health literacy and its implementation in written communication in skilled nursing facility (SNF)/subacute settings. Researchers explored practitioners' knowledge and current practices when using written communication with older adult clients in skilled nursing and subacute settings...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793368/suitability-of-asthma-education-materials-for-school-age-children-implications-for-health-literacy
#8
Yu-Fen Tzeng, Bih-Shya Gau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the suitability of asthma education materials for school-age children with asthma and elucidated how these children used their health-literacy abilities to identify whether the materials can be accepted, comprehended, and applied. BACKGROUND: Effective asthma self-management education is influenced by the suitability of materials and an individual's health literacy. DESIGN: A mixed-method research design was developed using quantitative and qualitative surveys...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793120/functional-health-literacy-and-adherence-to-the-medication-in-older-adults-integrative-review
#9
Nidia Farias Fernandes Martins, Daiane Porto Gautério Abreu, Bárbara Tarouco da Silva, Deisa Salyse Dos Reis Cabral Semedo, Marlene Teda Pelzer, Fabiana Souza Ienczak
Objective: to characterize the national and international scientific production on the relationship of Functional Health Literacy and the adherence to the medication in older adults. Method: integrative review of literature, searching the following online databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO); Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS); Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE); and Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), in June 2016...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782004/second-flexner-century-the-democratization-of-medical-knowledge-repurposing-a-general-pathology-course-into-multigrade-level-gateway-courses
#10
Ronald S Weinstein, Amy L Waer, John B Weinstein, Margaret M Briehl, Michael J Holcomb, Kristine A Erps, Angelette L Holtrust, Julie M Tomkins, Gail P Barker, Elizabeth A Krupinski
Starting in 1910, the "Flexner Revolution" in medical education catalyzed the transformation of the US medical education enterprise from a proprietary medical school dominated system into a university-based medical school system. In the 21st century, what we refer to as the "Second Flexner Century" shifts focus from the education of medical students to the education of the general population in the "4 health literacies." Compared with the remarkable success of the first Flexner Revolution, retrofitting medical science education into the US general population today, starting with K-12 students, is a more daunting task...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780127/challenging-mental-health-related-stigma-in-china-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-i-interventions-among-the-general-public
#11
REVIEW
Ziyan Xu, Nicolas Rüsch, Fangfang Huang, Markus Kösters
Mental illness stigma is widely endorsed by the general public in China. Evidence-based anti-stigma interventions to reduce public stigma are needed. However, most studies on the efficacy of anti-stigma interventions took place in Western countries and existing Chinese studies were often not included in recent systematic reviews. This review evaluates the efficacy of anti-stigma interventions among the general population in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau. Eight databases in English and Chinese were searched for randomized and non-randomized controlled trials...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779512/patients-views-on-the-use-of-an-option-grid-for-knee-osteoarthritis-in-physiotherapy-clinical-encounters-an-interview-study
#12
Katharine Kinsey, Jill Firth, Glyn Elwyn, Adrian Edwards, Katherine Brain, Katy Marrin, Alan Nye, Fiona Wood
BACKGROUND: Patient decision support tools have been developed as a means of providing accurate and accessible information in order for patients to make informed decisions about their care. Option Grids(™) are a type of decision support tool specifically designed to be used during clinical encounters. OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' views of the Option Grid encounter tool used in clinical consultations with physiotherapists, in comparison with usual care, within a patient population who are likely to be disadvantaged by age and low health literacy...
August 4, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771769/first-order-vs-second-order-structural-validity-of-the-health-literacy-scale-in-patients-with-diabetes
#13
Eun-Hyun Lee, Young Whee Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the structural validity of the Health Literacy Scale (HLS) in Korean patients with diabetes based on the previously reported first-order three-factor and two-factor models and a newly proposed second-order model, to identify which model best represents the structure of the Korean version of the HLS (HLS-K). METHODS: The HLS was translated from Japanese into Korean using a translation and back-translation technique...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770190/-ebinyo-the-practice-of-infant-oral-mutilation-in-uganda
#14
REVIEW
Margaret N Wandera, Betsy Kasumba
Infant oral mutilation (IOM) is a traditional method of extracting un-erupted teeth practiced in several Sub-Saharan African countries including Uganda. This practice is referred to as "ebinyo" by Bantu-speaking Ethnic groups, though it has several terms depending on cultural group and researcher. The un-erupted tooth is gouged out as a cure for medical symptoms in infants that include high fevers and diarrhea. The spreading of IOM practice in African populations is blamed on poor health literacy with regard to the common childhood illnesses...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766973/assessment-of-mental-health-literacy-among-perinatal-hispanic-adolescents
#15
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
According to the United States (U.S.) Census Bureau, Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the U.S. As such, Hispanic females have the highest birth rate (35 per 1000) among adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 years. Despite high fertility rates, there is limited mental health information among Hispanic adolescents during the perinatal period. Perinatal depression is a major concern as it poses health risks for both the mother and infant. Adverse outcomes such as preterm birth, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment may result from perinatal depression...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765136/internet-based-support-for-self-management-strategies-for-people-with-copd-protocol-for-a-controlled-pragmatic-pilot-trial-of-effectiveness-and-a-process-evaluation-in-primary-healthcare
#16
André Nyberg, Karin Wadell, Helena Lindgren, Malin Tistad
INTRODUCTION: The use of adequate self-management strategies for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reduces healthcare use, improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after acute exacerbations. However, not many people with COPD receive support that promotes the use of such strategies and therefore new methods to facilitate and promote the use of self-management strategies are highly warranted. This pilot trial aims to evaluate the feasibility of the study design and study procedures considering effectiveness of the novel intervention, the COPD-web...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764699/development-of-the-organisational-health-literacy-responsiveness-org-hlr-framework-in-collaboration-with-health-and-social-services-professionals
#17
Anita Trezona, Sarity Dodson, Richard H Osborne
BACKGROUND: The health literacy skills required by individuals to interact effectively with health services depends on the complexity of those services, and the demands they place on people. Public health and social service organisations have a responsibility to provide services and information in ways that promote equitable access and engagement, that are responsive to diverse needs and preferences, and support people to participate in decisions regarding their health and wellbeing. The aim of this study was to develop a conceptual framework describing the characteristics of health literacy responsive organisations...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762548/health-literacy-cognition-and-urinary-incontinence-among-geriatric-inpatients-discharged-to-skilled-nursing-facilities
#18
Joshua A Cohn, Avantika S Shah, Kathryn M Goggins, Sandra F Simmons, Sunil Kripalani, Roger R Dmochowski, John F Schnelle, William Stuart Reynolds
AIMS: To investigate the association between health literacy and cognition and nursing and patient-reported incontinence in a geriatric inpatient population transitioning to skilled nursing facilities (SNF). METHODS: Health literacy, depression, and cognition were assessed via the Brief Health Literacy Screen (BHLS), Geriatric Depression Scale 5-item (GDS) and Brief Interview for Mental Status (BIMS), respectively. Multivariable logistic regression assessed the association between BHLS score and incontinence by: (1) nursing-reported urinary incontinence during hospitalization; and (2) patient self-reported "bladder accidents" in the post-enrollment study interview...
August 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759329/health-literacy-and-informed-consent-materials-designed-for-documentation-not-comprehension-of-health-research
#19
Vanessa Watts Simonds, Eva Marie Garroutte, Dedra Buchwald
Minority populations with health disparities are underrepresented in research designed to address those disparities. One way to improve minority representation is to use community-based participatory methods to overcome barriers to research participation, beginning with the informed consent process. Relevant barriers to participation include lack of individual or community awareness or acceptance of research processes and purposes. These barriers are associated with limited health literacy. To inform recommendations for an improved consent process, we examined 97 consent documents and 10 associated Institutional Review Board websites to determine their health literacy demands and degree of adherence to principles of community-based research...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757904/the-relationships-among-socio-demographics-perceived-health-and-happiness
#20
Robert Weech-Maldonado, Michael J Miller, Justin C Lord
This article explores explore the relationships among socio-demographics, perceived health, and happiness in a patient population of 221 adults recruited from 39 primary care practices in Alabama. We also explored whether the relationship between socio-demographics and happiness is mediated by perceived health. The dependent variable, happiness, was dichotomized as happy versus unhappy. Independent variables or correlates of happiness included race (Black or White), age (< 65 vs. 65 and older), gender (male vs...
June 2017: Applied Research in Quality of Life
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