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"health literacy"

E Lenczowski, E Tung-Hahn, J Higareda, C McCormick, T Markoff, M Arffa, E Poon, K Lee, M Alam
Objective: Although dermatologists strive to provide patient education on sun protection and skin cancer, approximately 90% of Americans have limited health literacy skills. Little has been written about the means to best teach all levels of learners to recognize common benign and malignant skin lesions. Earlier work found that with advancing age, adults were less able to identify concerning lesions, thus underscoring the need for accessible education. Methods: We showed subjects a brief video (7th grade level) about common cutaneous growths, reducing the risk of skin cancer, and the importance of early detection...
June 2018: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
Sasha A Fleary, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Patrece Joseph, Karen M Freund
While cancer prevention behaviors have been clearly defined, many people do not engage in these risk-reduction behaviors. Factors such as cancer prevention beliefs and limited health literacy may undermine cancer prevention behavior recommendations. This study explored the relationships between cancer prevention beliefs, health literacy, and cancer prevention behaviors. Data were analyzed from the 2013 Health Information National Trends Survey (n = 1675). Regression analyses for four cancer prevention belief (prevention is not possible, cancer is fatal, there are too many recommendations for prevention, everything causes cancer) statements were modeled, including health literacy and sociodemographic variables as predictors...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Surianti Sukeri, Zawaha Idris, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin, Mohd Nazri Shafei, Norazlin Idris, Rukman Awang Hamat, Tengku Zetty Tengku Jamaluddin, Malina Osman, Zainudin Abdul Wahab, Aziah Daud
This qualitative study aimed to explore the misconceptions, knowledge gaps and constructs of leptospirosis among 72 respondents from rural and urban districts in two states of Malaysia. We conducted focus group discussions and data were examined using thematic analyses. The layman term of 'rat urine disease' contributed the most to the misconceptions regarding leptospirosis. There were gaps in the knowledge among urban and rural respondents in the two states, with the majority of subjects demonstrating a poor understanding of the disease...
2018: PloS One
Christina M Long, Casey Mehrhoff, Eman Abdel-Latief, Megan Rech, Matthew Laubham
OBJECTIVES: Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is a growing problem, and pediatric patients are contributing. In this study, we aimed to determine which factors influence parents or guardians to choose the ED over their primary care physician (PCP). METHODS: A cross-sectional, online survey was administered in an academic hospital pediatric ED from September to October 2017. The 21-question survey was offered to the parents or guardians of pediatric patients triaged as low acuity...
July 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Kazuki Uemura, Minoru Yamada, Hiroshi Okamoto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of active learning education on health literacy, cognitive and physical function, physical activity, and dietary habits in older adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rural community in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (N=84) randomly assigned to a health education intervention group (n=42) or a control group (n=42). INTERVENTION: The intervention group attended a weekly 90-minute active learning program on exercise, diet and nutrition, and cognitive activity for health promotion in older age for 24 weeks...
July 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Fiona Warde, Janet Papadakos, Tina Papadakos, Danielle Rodin, Mohammad Salhia, Meredith Giuliani
This brief report aims to highlight the impact of globalization - the international movement of goods, people, and ideas - on patient-provider communication in medical training and practice, and how the implementation of plain language communication training as a core competency for care providers can mitigate this impact. Globalization influences both patient and provider population diversity, which presents challenges with regard to patient-provider communication, particularly in cases of limited health literacy...
May 2018: Canadian Medical Education Journal
H Wittink, J Oosterhaven
INTRODUCTION: Patient education is a relatively new science within the field of health care. In the past it consisted mainly of the transfer of knowledge and mostly biomedically based advice. Research has shown this to not be effective and sometimes counterproductive. As health care has moved away from applying a traditional paternalistic approach of 'doctor knows best' to a patient-centred care approach, patient education must be tailored to meet persons' individual needs. PURPOSE: The purpose of this master paper is to increase awareness of patients' health literacy levels...
June 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
A Simons, Christopher J Moreland, P Kushalnagar
Background: In the U.S., roughly one-third of adults have hypertension; another third have prehypertension. The prevalence of hypertension in deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users is unknown. We address this gap through a descriptive study for the prevalence of hypertension in the American Deaf community, and discuss future directions to address this issue. Methods: Self-reported data for 1388 ASL-using deaf adults were compared to a secondary data of 2830 English-speaking hearing adults...
July 13, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Olga Maria Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Torsten Michael Bollweg, Kristine Sørensen, Christine Holmberg, Susanne Jordan
Background: In Germany, there are no measurement tools to assess the general health literacy of adolescents. The aim of the study "Measurement of Health Literacy Among Adolescents" (MOHLAA) is to develop such a tool for use among adolescents aged 14-17. The German version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47-GER) served as a blueprint for the development of the tool. The present study examined the extent to which the HLS-EU-Q47-GER can be applied to the measurement of general health literacy in adolescents...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Arianne Shahvisi, Enguday Meskele, Gail Davey
Podoconiosis is a debilitating chronic swelling of the foot and lower leg caused by long-term exposure to irritant red volcanic clay soil in the highland regions of Africa, Central America, and India. In this paper, we consider the human rights violations that cause, and are caused by, podoconiosis in Ethiopia. Specifically, we discuss the way in which the right to an adequate basic standard of living is not met in endemic regions, where the following basic necessities are not readily available: appropriate footwear, health education, and affordable, accessible health care...
June 2018: Health and Human Rights
Maureen Egan, H Shonna Yin, Matthew Greenhawt, Julie Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Mary Guo, Michelle Quensell, Ann Chang, Jill Miyamura, Tetine Sentell
Introduction Comprehension of healthcare terminology across diverse populations is critical to patient education and engagement. Methods Women in Oahu, Hawai'i with a recent delivery were interviewed about their understanding of ten common obstetric terms. Health literacy was assessed by the rapid estimate of adult literacy in medicine (REALM). Multivariable models predicted total terms comprehended by demographic factors. Results Of 269 participants, self-reported primary race was 20.5% Japanese, 19.0% Native Hawaiian, 19...
July 13, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Sarah M Hosking, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Alison Beauchamp, Rachelle Buchbinder, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco
BACKGROUND: The term health literacy refers to the abilities and resources required to find, understand and use health information in managing health. This definition is reflected in the recent development of multidimensional health literacy tools that measure multiple facets of health literacy. The aim of this study was to determine the health literacy profile of a randomly selected, population-based sample of Australian women using a multidimensional tool, the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ)...
July 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Suzanne D Thomas, Sandra C Mobley, Jodi L Hudgins, Donald E Sutherland, Sandra B Inglett, Brittany L Ange
The purpose of the study was to describe conditions and dynamics in the lives of high-risk, low-income, Southern United States prenatal-interconceptional women ( n = 37) in a home visiting program that promoted maternal health literacy progression. In the Life Course Health Development (LCHD) Model, conditions were risk and protective factors that impacted health. Dynamics drove the complex, epigenetic relationships between risk and protective factors. Maternal health literacy promotion helped participants address conditions and dynamics to create positive life changes...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Minsoo Jung
Even though they are important determinants for increasing vaccination rates in advanced and developing nations alike, maternal capacity and decisional authority have not been fully elucidated in diverse countries and cultural spheres. This study examined the effects of South Korean, Chinese, and Japanese mothers' health literacy, self-efficacy, mass media use, and decisional authority on their children's vaccination after adjustment for their socioeconomic statuses. Computer-assisted web interviews were conducted with married women in their 20s-40s of South Korean, Chinese, or Japanese nationality (n = 1,571)...
2018: PloS One
Daniel Thomas Ginat, Gregory Christoforidis
Purpose To determine the health literacy benefit of a printed informational leaflet for patients scheduled to undergo brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Methods and materials A two-page leaflet that provided an overview of MRI and the role of radiologists was prepared and given to outpatients scheduled to undergo brain MRI examinations while in the waiting room. A survey composed mainly of yes/no and Likert scale questions pertaining to the leaflet, as well as patient demographics, was administered to the patients...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Hui-Juan Li, De-Qun Zhou, Yong-Jie Wei
It is important to carry out research on health risks and associated economic losses caused by air pollution using a large sample city in order to control air pollution and improve public health literacy. Using environmental health risk and environmental value assessment methods, the health risks of PM2.5 pollution in 2015, as well as the corresponding economic losses, were estimated in this study using the environmental monitoring data of 62 key cities as samples. The results show that significant impacts due to PM2...
August 8, 2018: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Mehdi Kahouei, Ali Mohammadi, Javad Zarei, Nasrollah Nasr Heidarabadi, Ali Valinejadi
Background: People with poor health literacy are those who have less knowledge about disease management and health promotion behaviors, and generally have poorer health status. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of qualitative components of the health website of Semnan University of Medical Sciences on the students' health literacy. Methods: This study was performed on 529 medical and allied health students in schools affiliated to Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2016-2017...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Yujiro Kuroda, Hajime Iwasa, Masatsugu Orui, Nobuaki Moriyama, Chihiro Nakayama, Seiji Yasumura
Following the accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in March 2011, both experts and the national government provided insufficient information on radiation, leading to widespread distrust in the community. This study aimed at clarifying the association between anxiety about radiation and health literacy among residents in evacuation and non-evacuation areas in Fukushima. A questionnaire survey was sent to randomly sampled residents between August and October 2016, and data from 777 responses (38.9% valid response) were analyzed...
July 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Patrick Dunn, Scott Conard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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