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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149473/exploring-communication-during-the-journey-from-noticing-bodily-changes-to-a-diagnosis-of-endometrial-cancer
#1
Catherine Cook, Margaret Brunton, Tepora Pukepuke, Ai Ling Tan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand women's perspectives about the trajectory from first bodily changes to diagnosis. BACKGROUND: With endometrial cancer, as with all gynaecological cancers, early diagnosis is key to successful outcomes. However, women do not always seek clinical advice early. Previously, this gap has been referred to as a 'delay', blamed on fear or refusal to acknowledge symptoms. METHODS: A qualitative research project which involved face-to-face interviews with 16 women who had presented with symptoms of endometrial cancer...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143222/quantitative-analysis-of-the-level-of-readability-of-online-emergency-radiology-based-patient-education-resources
#2
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141639/tobacco-use-and-health-insurance-literacy-among-vulnerable-populations-implications-for-health-reform
#3
Robert T Braun, Yaniv Hanoch, Andrew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), millions of Americans have been enrolling in the health insurance marketplaces. Nearly 20% of them are tobacco users. As part of the ACA, tobacco users may face up to 50% higher premiums that are not eligible for tax credits. Tobacco users, along with the uninsured and racial/ethnic minorities targeted by ACA coverage expansions, are among those most likely to suffer from low health literacy - a key ingredient in the ability to understand, compare, choose, and use coverage, referred to as health insurance literacy...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140448/internal-locus-of-control-health-literacy-and-health-an-israeli-cultural-perspective
#4
Orna Baron-Epel, Diane Levin-Zamir, Vicki Cohen, Asher Elhayany
The association between health literacy (HL) and health outcomes, including self-perceived health (SPH) has been well documented. Yet the complexity of this association is not yet completely clear. Drawing on the Health Literacy Scale (HLS) study in Israel, we examined the association between HL, Internal Health Locus of Control (IHLOC) and SPH among Jews and Arabs. A face-to-face survey was conducted among 242 Arabs and 358 Jews. The questionnaire measured SPH, IHLOC and two measures of HL: a European HLScale (HLS-EU-16) and the Hebrew/Arabic Health Literacy Test (H/AHLT), based on the Short Test Of Functional Health Literacy in Adults...
November 13, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139185/mental-health-literacy-a-cross-cultural-study-of-american-and-chinese-bachelor-of-nursing-students
#5
Wei Liu, Ya-Min Li, Ying Peng
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students in the US and China have reported inadequate preparedness for practice in mental health nursing. It is important to investigate nursing students' mental health literacy levels for a better understanding of their practice readiness in mental health field upon completion of their education. AIM: This study was aimed at developing an understanding of American and Chinese nursing students' mental health literacy regarding the effectiveness of specific interventions for managing depression and schizophrenia...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139070/mobile-health-application-and-e-health-literacy-opportunities-and-concerns-for-cancer-patients-and-caregivers
#6
Hyunmin Kim, Joy V Goldsmith, Soham Sengupta, Asos Mahmood, M Paige Powell, Jay Bhatt, Cyril F Chang, Soumitra S Bhuyan
Health literacy is critical for cancer patients as they must understand complex procedures or treatment options. Caregivers' health literacy also plays a crucial role in caring for cancer patients. Low health literacy is associated with low adherence to medications, poor health status, and increased health care costs. There is a growing interest in the use of mobile health applications (apps) to improve health literacy. Mobile health apps can empower underserved cancer patients and their caregivers by providing features or functionalities to enhance interactive patient-provider communication and to understand medical information more readily...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138204/health-literacy-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol-to-assess-the-health-literacy-level-in-a-population-based-sample-and-to-validate-health-literacy-measures-in-the-italian-language
#7
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Maddalena Grazzini, Sarah Mantwill, Virginia Vettori, Vieri Lastrucci, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini, Alessandro Bussotti, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy (HL) concerns the knowledge and competences necessary for people to meet complex health demands. The aims of this study are to assess the level of HL in a sample using the Italian version of the Newest Vital Sign and the association of HL and selected antecedents with health outcomes, and to develop and validate the Italian version of the three Brief Health Literacy Screeners, two subjective numeracy items and the short form and the short-short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137562/beware-the-educational-fix-limitations-of-efforts-to-promote-mental-health-literacy
#8
Patrick Corrigan
Public health professionals seek to promote health literacy through education. In the mental health arena, such approaches have included teaching primary care gatekeepers to screen for early identification of suicide risk and teaching members of the general public to engage peers in need of mental health treatment and guide them into evidence-based care. Educational positivism is the belief that this pedagogic enterprise is unlimited, leading to a "more is better" approach. Despite its promise, however, educational approaches may have muted effects...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135623/patient-ethnicity-predicts-poor-health-access-and-gaps-in-perception-of-personal-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#9
Yeunjung Kim, Kathryn Hogan, Gail D'Onofrio, Sharon Chekijian, Basmah Safdar
BACKGROUND: Focus of health literacy campaigns has centered around raising awareness. It is unknown whether awareness of coronary artery disease risk factors accurately reflects personalization of one's own cardiovascular risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in consecutive patients presenting with chest pain admitted to an observation unit of a tertiary care hospital. A 32-item questionnaire in English or Spanish examined knowledge of coronary artery disease risk factors...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134297/community-based-efforts-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-women-living-in-vulnerable-communities
#10
Laurie Lachance, R Patrick Kelly, Margaret Wilkin, Jodi Burke, Sandra Waddell
Social determinants of health likely play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes for women in vulnerable communities. Adult African American women diagnosed with or at-risk for diabetes in Inkster, Michigan (n = 113) and a group of demographically similar women in Flint, Michigan (n = 48) participated in programs aimed at increasing diabetes-related self-management behaviors through peer coaching, health literacy training, and social support. Participants completed surveys to measure changes in health, health behaviors, health literacy, and social support...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133284/the-association-of-health-literacy-and-electronic-health-literacy-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-caregiving-perceptions-among-carers-of-people-with-dementia-research-protocol-for-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#11
Areti Efthymiou, Nicos Middleton, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, electronic health (eHealth) literacy has attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the self-management of patients with chronic diseases and the quality and cost of care. It is estimated that 80% of people with chronic diseases are cared for at home by a family member, friend, or relative. Informal carers are susceptible to physical and mental health problems, as well as social and financial hardships. Nevertheless, there seems to be a research gap in terms of carers' needs, skills, and available resources in the age of new technologies, with the vital role of eHealth literacy of the carers remaining unexplored...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#12
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130048/is-health-education-at-university-associated-with-students-health-literacy-evidence-from-cross-sectional-study-applying-hls-eu-q
#13
Saulius Sukys, Vida Janina Cesnaitiene, Zbigniew Marcin Ossowsky
Background: Despite the large number of studies assessing health literacy, little research has been conducted with young adults. Since health literacy is related to the setting in which health information is provided, our study aim was to measure health literacy competencies in a sample of university students and to evaluate the relationships between these competencies and their university health education. Methods: A total of 912 university students (aged 18-24 years) completed the 47-item European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129449/health-literacy-and-its-correlates-in-informal-caregivers-of-adults-with-memory-loss
#14
Yun Jiang, Susan M Sereika, Jennifer H Lingler, Lisa K Tamres, Judith A Erlen
This secondary analysis examined health literacy among informal caregivers of community-dwelling older adults with memory loss and assessed correlates of caregiver health literacy using the Abilities, Skills and Knowledge Model. Caregiver health literacy (n = 91) was assessed by the Newest Vital Sign. Limited health literacy presented in 38.5% caregivers, with significantly low document literacy. Health literacy was associated bivariately with age, education, global cognitive function, executive function, and working memory (all ps < 0...
November 9, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129000/health-literacy-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#15
Rosario Caruso, Arianna Magon, Irene Baroni, Federica Dellafiore, Cristina Arrigoni, Francesco Pittella, Davide Ausili
Aim To summarize, critically review, and interpret the evidence related to the systematic reviews on health literacy (HL) amongst type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The methodology for this study consisted of a systematic review of systematic reviews, using the PRISMA statement and flowchart to select studies, and searching on PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane. The search covered the period between January 2006 and June 2016. Results From the 115 identified record by the queries, only six systematic reviews were included, following a quality evaluation using AMSTAR...
November 11, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128304/symptoms-of-mental-illness-and-their-impact-on-managing-type-2-diabetes-in-adults
#16
Adriana Cimo, Carolyn S Dewa
OBJECTIVES: People with mental illnesses are more likely to experience diabetes-related complications that can reduce life expectancy by 10 to 15 years. Diabetes management and outcomes can be improved when lifestyle interventions addressing healthful eating habits and physical activity use content tailored to the learning needs of individuals or groups. Understanding the challenges that prevent adherence to diabetes recommendations can start to inform the design of tailored diabetes education care...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128237/medication-management-in-minnesota-schools-the-need-for-school-nurse-pharmacist-partnerships
#17
Meg M Little, Sara Eischens, Mary Jo Martin, Susan Nokleby, Laura C Palombi, Cynthia Van Kirk, Jayme van Risseghem, Ya-Feng Wen, Jennifer Koziol Wozniak, Erika Yoney, Randall Seifert
BACKGROUND: Pharmacist participation in school medication management (MM) is minimal. School nurses are responsible for increasingly complex medication administration and management in schools. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to 1) assess the MM needs of school nurses in Minnesota, and 2) determine if and how interprofessional partnerships between nurses and pharmacists might optimize MM for students. METHODS: Researchers from the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, School Nurse Organization of Minnesota, and Minnesota Department of Health conducted a 32-item online survey of school nurses...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125435/health-literacy-among-medically-underserved-the-role-of-demographic-factors-social-influence-and-religious-beliefs
#18
Shannon M Christy, Clement K Gwede, Steven K Sutton, Enmanuel Chavarria, Stacy N Davis, Rania Abdulla, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade
The current study examined the sociodemographic and psychosocial variables that predicted being at risk for low health literacy among a population of racially and ethnically diverse patients accessing primary care services at community-based clinics. Participants (N = 416) were aged 50-75 years, currently not up-to-date with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, at average CRC risk, and enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at promoting CRC screening. Participants completed a baseline interview that assessed health literacy as measured by Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Revised, sociodemographic factors, and psychosocial variables (e...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125323/examining-the-effects-of-mtv-s-16-and-pregnant-on-adolescent-girls-sexual-health-the-implications-of-character-affinity-pregnancy-risk-factors-and-health-literacy-on-message-effectiveness
#19
Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Hillary Pennell, Kyung Bo Kim
Health communication strategies to decrease teen pregnancies include the employment of entertainment-education (E-E), which involves embedding health messages in an entertainment media vehicle that is relatable and attractive to the intended audience. MTV's 16 and Pregnant is an example of such an effort as an E-E documentary-style reality show that aimed to reduce the U.S. teen pregnancy rate. A pretest-posttest experiment was conducted with 147 adolescent girls (ages 14-18) to investigate the effectiveness of 16 and Pregnant on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions to avoid teen pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125269/direct-oral-anticoagulants-use-in-elderly-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-state-of-evidence
#20
Giulia Benedetti, Matteo Neccia, Luciano Agati
Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) increases the risk of stroke by three- to five-fold, especially in elderly patients, creating a huge burden on medical system as well as a negative impact on patients lives. Balancing efficacy and bleeding risk is a challenge when considering anticoagulation therapy in elderly patients, because of their frequent high risk of both stroke and bleeding. Real world data reveal the underuse of anticoagulation in the elderly, especially due to physicians' fear of bleeding, often neglecting the thromboembolic risk...
November 10, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
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