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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931249/tailored-approach-to-sleep-health-education-tashe-study-protocol-for-a-web-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Natasha J Williams, Rebecca Robbins, David Rapoport, John P Allegrante, Alwyn Cohall, Gbenga Ogedgebe, Girardin Jean-Louis
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder that disproportionately affects African Americans (hereafter referred to as blacks). Moreover, blacks may underutilize sleep services including overnight polysomnography. Thus, OSA among blacks may go undiagnosed and untreated, which has significant health consequences, including hypertension, diabetes, cognitive impairment, and daytime sleepiness. DESIGN AND METHODS: This two-arm randomized controlled trial will assign 200 participants to a culturally and linguistically tailored web-based sleep educational platform...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927259/association-between-recognition-and-help-seeking-preferences-and-stigma-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#2
L Picco, E Abdin, S Pang, J A Vaingankar, A Jeyagurunathan, S A Chong, M Subramaniam
AIMS: The ability to recognise a mental illness has important implications as it can aid in timely and appropriate help-seeking, and ultimately improve outcomes for people with mental illness. This study aims to explore the association between recognition and help-seeking preferences and stigmatising attitudes, for alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach. METHODS: This was a population-based, cross-sectional survey conducted among Singapore Residents (n = 3006) aged 18-65 years...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922896/improving-health-literacy-in-patients-with-diabetes
#3
Sharon A Watts, Carl Stevenson, Margaret Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921632/access-to-healthcare-services-during-incarceration-among-female-inmates
#4
Rabia Ahmed, Cybele Angel, Rebecca Martel, Diane Pyne, Louanne Keenan
Purpose Incarcerated women have a disproportionate burden of infectious and chronic disease, in addition to substance use disorder and mental health illness, when compared to the general population ( Binswanger et al., 2009 ; Fazel et al., 2006 ; Fuentes, 2013; Kouyoumdjian et al., 2012 ). Women often enter the correctional system in poor health, making incarceration an opportunity to address health issues. The purpose of this paper is to explore the barriers to accessing health services that female inmates face during incarceration, the consequences to their health, and implications for correctional health services delivery...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918849/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-conceptualizations-an-exploratory-study-of-elementary-school-aged-children
#5
Krishna Bhagat, Donna E Howard, Linda Aldoory
Analyzing children's conceptualizations of health and body and health literacy will significantly add understanding to how problematic health attitudes and behaviors may take root (Driessnack, Chung, Perkhounkova, & Hein, 2014). The knowledge gained from such an assessment can be applied towards communication contexts that aim to promote children's health literacy and their well-being. With increased health literacy, children can actively participate in decision-making regarding their own health and can understand why healthy behaviors are important to adult health (Borzekowski, 2009)...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916381/readability-analysis-of-online-resources-related-to-lung-cancer
#6
Kathleen D Weiss, Christina R Vargas, Olivia A Ho, Danielle J Chuang, Jonathan Weiss, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients seeking health information commonly use the Internet as the first source for material. Studies show that well-informed patients have increased involvement, satisfaction, and healthcare outcomes. As one-third of Americans have only basic or below basic health literacy, the National Institutes of Health and American Medical Association recommend patient-directed health resources be written at a sixth-grade reading level. This study evaluates the readability of commonly accessed online resources on lung cancer...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914735/parents-with-high-levels-of-communicative-and-critical-health-literacy-are-less-likely-to-vaccinate-their-children
#7
Anat Amit Aharon, Haim Nehama, Shmuel Rishpon, Orna Baron-Epel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between parents' health literacy and decision-making regarding child vaccinations. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 731 parents of children aged 3-4 years. Functional, communicative, and critical health literacy (HL), knowledge, beliefs, reliability of the vaccine's information resources, and vaccine's attitudes were measured. Attitudes included three types: pro-vaccine attitudes, anti-vaccine attitudes, and attitudes regarding mandatory vaccination...
November 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#8
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910258/the-role-of-individual-and-personality-factors-in-controlling-risky-behaviours-related-to-aids-proposing-a-causal-model
#9
Mansour Rezaei, Ali Zakiei, Soheyla Reshadat, Seyed Ramin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Investigating previous studies show that personality traits have an important role in controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS; therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between AIDS health literacy, personality traits and mental health and controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS through self-efficacy. METHODS: The statistical population includes all the young people in western provinces of Iran, 2015. Data analysis was carried out for a sample of 756 participants (59% female)...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908542/health-literacy-and-the-perception-of-risk-in-a-breast-cancer-family-history-clinic
#10
E J Rutherford, J Kelly, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Cotter, A Butt, M J O'Sullivan, F O Connell, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an essential component of medical practice, and especially so in procedural based specialties which entail varying degrees of risk. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and as such is the focus of extensive research and significant media attention. Despite this, considerable misperception exists regarding the risk of developing breast cancer. AIMS: This study aims to examine the accuracy of risk perception of women attending a breast cancer family history clinic, and to explore the relationship between risk perception accuracy and health literacy...
November 28, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900817/community-based-participatory-research-an-innovative-approach-for-improving-perioperative-care-of-underserved-children
#11
Alvina Rosales, Michelle A Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N Kain
Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR-based structured meetings...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894460/the-mediation-effect-of-health-literacy-between-subjective-social-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#12
Huijing Zou, Yuxia Chen, Wenjie Fang, Yanting Zhang, Xiuzhen Fan
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms are prevalent and cause adverse outcomes in heart failure. Previous studies have linked depressive symptoms with socioeconomic status. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study aimed to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and depressive symptoms, and to examine whether access to healthcare, health literacy and social support mediated this relationship in patients with heart failure. METHODS: Cross-sectional design was used to study 321 patients with heart failure recruited from a general hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894219/exposure-to-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-information-and-impact-on-health-literacy-a-qualitative-study-among-newly-arrived-refugee-women-in-sweden
#13
Pia Svensson, Katarina Carlzén, Anette Agardh
In Sweden, migrants have poorer sexual and reproductive health compared to the general population. Health literacy, in the form of the cognitive and social skills enabling access to health promoting activities, is often poorer among migrants, partly due to language and cultural barriers. Culturally sensitive health education provides a strategy for enhancing health literacy. Since 2012, specially trained civic and health communicators have provided sexual and reproductive health and rights information to newly arrived refugees in Skåne, Sweden...
November 29, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893919/health-literacy-competencies-for-registered-nurses-an-e-delphi-study
#14
Coleen E Toronto
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine's landmark report, Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion, recommends that health professionals be trained to effectively communicate with patients with limited health literacy. Nurse-specific competencies that explicitly address the needs of patients with low health literacy are lacking. METHOD: A national group of nurse health literacy experts (N = 41) participated in a three-round e-Delphi study to identify essential health literacy competencies for RNs in any work setting...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893796/attitudes-to-mental-illness-and-its-demographic-correlates-among-general-population-in-singapore
#15
Qi Yuan, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Saleha Shafie, Jenny Tay, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes to mental illness could influence how the public interact with, provide opportunities for, and help people with mental illness. AIMS: This study aims to explore the underlying factors of the Attitudes to Mental Illness questionnaire among the general population in Singapore and the socio-demographic correlates of each factor. METHODS: From March 2014 to April 2015, a nation-wide cross-sectional survey on mental health literacy with 3,006 participants was conducted in Singapore...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885247/effects-of-web-based-stress-and-depression-literacy-intervention-on-improving-work-engagement-among-workers-with-low-work-engagement-an-analysis-of-secondary-outcome-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami, Kanami Tsuno, Masao Tsuchiya, Kyoko Shimada, Katsuyuki Namba, Akihito Shimazu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to examine the effects of a psychoeducational information website on improving work engagement among individual workers with low work engagement, where work engagement was measured as a secondary outcome. METHODS: Participants were recruited from registered members of a web survey site in Japan. Participants who fulfilled the eligibility criteria were randomly allocated to intervention or control groups...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883306/lessons-from-a-transgender-patient-for-health-care-professionals
#17
Ryan K Sallans
It is not uncommon for transgender patients to avoid sharing information about their identity and medical history with health care professionals, due to past negative experiences within health care settings. Professionals who show sensitivity to the topic and express care about health record documentation can increase a transgender patient's trust. There are many opportunities to increase transgender health literacy, including consultation, conferences, webinars, books, and articles focused on transgender health care...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881122/using-wechat-official-accounts-to-improve-malaria-health-literacy-among-chinese-expatriates-in-niger-an-intervention-study
#18
Wei Li, Le Qiang Han, Yan Jun Guo, Jing Sun
BACKGROUND: Malaria is the main health risk for Chinese expatriates working in Niger. Health education is a recommended intervention for prevention of malaria among non-immune travellers and expatriate workers. It is urgent to develop an effective and feasible way for these populations to obtain information about the prevention and treatment of malaria. METHODS: An individually randomized, unblinded, controlled trial was used to evaluate the effectiveness of using WeChat official accounts for health education to improve malaria health literacy among Chinese expatriates in Niger...
November 24, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878674/dispensing-physicians-asymmetric-information-supplier-induced-demand-evidence-from-the-swiss-health-survey
#19
Stefan Meyer
In this paper, we apply a two-part model to estimate the effect of health literacy on the demand for physician visits under different institutional settings. Using a constructed measure of health information, we find evidence for supplier-induced demand in some parts of Switzerland. While the level of health information is uncorrelated with the likelihood of visiting a physician (contact decision), the conditional number of visits (frequency decision) depends on the individual's information status and the regulation of physician drug dispensing...
September 2016: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877025/medication-knowledge-of-patients-hospitalized-for-heart-failure-at-admission-and-after-discharge
#20
Florian Custodis, Franziska Rohlehr, Angelika Wachter, Michael Böhm, Martin Schulz, Ulrich Laufs
BACKGROUND: A substantial aspect of health literacy is the knowledge of prescribed medication. In chronic heart failure, incomplete intake of prescribed drugs (medication non-adherence) is inversely associated with clinical prognosis. Therefore, we assessed medication knowledge in a cohort of patients with decompensated heart failure at hospital admission and after discharge in a prospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients presenting at the emergency department with acute decompensated heart failure were included (mean age 78...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
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