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Ogulener n.

Fatma Aydinoglu, Nuran Ogulener
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of H2 S-induced relaxation in mouse corpus cavernosal tissue. l-cysteine (10(-6) × 10(-3) mol/L) and exogenous H2 S (NaHS; 10(-6) to 10(-3) mol/L) induced concentration-dependent relaxation. l-cysteine-induced relaxations was reduced by d,l-propargylglycine, a cystathionine gamma lyase (CSE) inhibitor but not influenced by aminooxyacetic acid, a cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) inhibitor. l-cysteine induced relaxations, but not of those of H2 S diminished in endothelium-denuded tissues...
April 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Olcay Ergurhan Kıroğlu, Fatma Aydinoglu, Nuran Oğülener
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether thiols are involved in the nitrergic neurotransmission in mouse duodenum. METHODS: The effects of thiol-modulating agents, ethacrynic acid (100 μM), a non-specific sulfhydryl alkylator, and diamide (100 μM), an alkylating agent that oxidizes protein sulfhydryl groups and depletes intracellular glutathione, on relaxations to nitrergic stimulation (electrical field stimulation, EFS;10 Hz, 25 V, 1 ms, 15 s-train), S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO; 5 μM), S-nitroso-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP; 5 μM), and S-nitrosocysteine (CysNO; 10 μM) were investigated...
2013: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Fatma Aydinoglu, Sakir N Yilmaz, Banu Coskun, Nebile Daglioglu, Nuran Ogulener
The relaxation of cavernous smooth muscle is critical for inducing and maintaining a penile erection. The neurogenic- and endothelium-dependent relaxation of corpus cavernosum smooth muscle and the degenerative effect of subacute ethanol treatment on the endothelial cells of corpus cavernosum was investigated in mice. In the cavernous strips contracted with phenylephrine, electrical field stimulation (EFS), acetylcholine and exogenous nitric oxide (NO) induced relaxations in the control group. Ethanol treatment abolished the endothelium-dependent relaxations induced by acetylcholine but failed to alter the relaxation to EFS and NO...
September 2008: Pharmacological Reports: PR
M Ata Secilmis, Olcay Ergurhan Kiroğlu, Nuran Ogulener
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzymes and ascorbate play a role in the protection of the nitrergic relaxation against superoxide anion inhibition in the mouse duodenum. METHODS: The effects of exogenous SOD, N,No-bis(salicylidene) ethylenediamine chloride (EUK-8; a synthetic cell-permeable mimetic of the manganese SOD [Mn-SOD] and ascorbate on relaxant responses induced by nitrergic nerve stimulation), exogenous nitric oxide (NO), and nitroglycerin were investigated in isolated mouse duodenum tissues...
June 2008: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Yusuf Ergün, Nuran Oğülener
S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) has previously been shown to have a role in ultraviolet (UV) light-elicited relaxations and proposed to account for the photosensitive store in the mouse gastric fundus. Furthermore, the depletion of this photosensitive store and its replenishment via long-term electrical field stimulation were demonstrated in the same tissue. In relation to these results, the aim of the present study was to investigate the putative role of S-nitrosothiols in the restorative effect of long-term electrical field stimulation on the reduced photosensitive store...
August 2005: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Nuran Ogülener, Yusuf Ergün
Mouse gastric fundus strips were relaxed by ultraviolet light (UV) irradiation, exogenous nitric oxide (NO), isoproterenol, S-nitrosoglutathione, S-nitroso-L-cysteine and S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine. Glutathione did not affect relaxations in response to UV irradiation, exogenous NO and isoproterenol while inhibiting that with S-nitrosoglutathione. L-Cysteine inhibited responses to UV irradiation and exogenous NO, but not in the presence of exogenous Cu(2+)/Zn(2+) superoxide dismutase. However, L-cysteine alone or in combination with Cu(2+)/Zn(2+) superoxide dismutase did not affect the relaxations in response to S-nitroso-L-cysteine...
August 30, 2002: European Journal of Pharmacology
Y Ergün, N Oğülener
The involvement of nitric oxide (NO) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) nerve-induced relaxation and the interaction between NO and VIP were investigated in the mouse gastric fundus. N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG; 100 microM) completely inhibited the NANC relaxations induced by electrical stimulation (ES) (0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 Hz; 25 V; 1 ms; 15-s trains). Hemoglobin (20 microM), hydroxocobalamin (100 microM), and 1H-[1,2,4,]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ; 10 microM) diminished ES-induced relaxations, but alpha-chymotrypsin (10 U/ml) and VIP antiserum (1/200 dilution) had no effect on NANC relaxations...
December 2001: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Y Ergün, N Ogülener, A Dikmen
We examined the characteristics of the non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) nerve induced relaxation and the possible interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on the basal tone of the circular muscle of the rat gastric fundus. Electrically induced NANC relaxations were partly inhibited by N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine (100 microM), whereas sodium nitroprusside (SNP; 10 microM) and VIP (5 nM) induced relaxations were not affected. 2-Amino-5,6-dihydro-6-methyl-4H-1,3-thiazine (AMT; 5 microM) also inhibited the responses to electrical stimuli to a similar extent as N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine but not VIP...
September 2001: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
N Oğülener, Y Ergün, N Döndaş, A Dikmen
We investigated whether exogenous nitric oxide (NO) donors have a prejunctional and/or postjunctional inhibitory effect on the nitrergic responses and whether this inhibitory effect was mediated by NO itself and in part, by cyclic GMP in mouse duodenal strips. N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine inhibited relaxations induced by electrical field stimulation of nitrergic nerves, but not those with acidified NaNO2. Furthermore, 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) inhibited both types of relaxations while 2-amino-5,6-dihydro-6-methyl-4H-1,3-thiazine (AMT) and N-ethylmaleimide were ineffective...
June 8, 2001: European Journal of Pharmacology
N Yaktubay, N Ogülener, S Onder, F Baysal
1. In the present study, we investigated the roles of Na+-K+-ATPase and extracellular Na+ or Ca2+ ions in ultraviolet (UV) light-induced photorelaxation of methacholine-contracted mouse isolated gastric fundus in the presence of NaNO2 (50 microM). 2. Ouabain (1-500 microM), sodium vanadate (10 microM to 3 mM) and amiloride (1-100 microM) completely inhibited the photorelaxation in a concentration-dependent manner. 3. Metabolic inhibitors, sodium azide (10-100 microM), 2,4-dinitrophenol (100 microM to 1 mM) and sodium fluoride (100 microM to 1 mM) significantly reduced photorelaxation...
January 1999: General Pharmacology
N Ogülener, E Karabal, F Baysal, A Dikmen
The possible role of nitric oxide (NO) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide on isoprenaline-induced relaxation of the mouse longitudinal gastric fundal strips precontracted with 5.4 x 10(-7) M carbachol was investigated. Isoprenaline (5 x 10(-7) M, 10(-6) M and 5 x 10(-6) M) produced a concentration-dependent relaxations. NG-nitro L-arginine (10(-4) M) partly inhibited isoprenaline-induced relaxation. The inhibitory action of NG-nitro L-arginine was reversed by 4 x 10(-4) M L-arginine but not by 4 x 10(-4) M D-arginine...
October 1995: Acta Medica Okayama
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