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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340679/effect-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-vs-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-on-weight-loss-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-the-sm-boss-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Ralph Peterli, Bettina Karin Wölnerhanssen, Thomas Peters, Diana Vetter, Dino Kröll, Yves Borbély, Bernd Schultes, Christoph Beglinger, Jürgen Drewe, Marc Schiesser, Philipp Nett, Marco Bueter
Importance: Sleeve gastrectomy is increasingly used in the treatment of morbid obesity, but its long-term outcome vs the standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure is unknown. Objective: To determine whether there are differences between sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in terms of weight loss, changes in comorbidities, increase in quality of life, and adverse events. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Swiss Multicenter Bypass or Sleeve Study (SM-BOSS), a 2-group randomized trial, was conducted from January 2007 until November 2011 (last follow-up in March 2017)...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340677/association-of-bariatric-surgery-using-laparoscopic-banding-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-vs-usual-care-obesity-management-with-all-cause-mortality
#2
Orna Reges, Philip Greenland, Dror Dicker, Morton Leibowitz, Moshe Hoshen, Ilan Gofer, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Ran D Balicer
Importance: Bariatric surgery is an effective and safe approach for weight loss and short-term improvement in metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, studies have been limited in most settings by lack of a nonsurgical group, losses to follow-up, missing data, and small sample sizes in clinical trials and observational studies. Objective: To assess the association of 3 common types of bariatric surgery compared with nonsurgical treatment with mortality and other clinical outcomes among obese patients...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340629/development-of-a-set-of-mesh-based-and-age-dependent-chinese-phantoms-and-application-for-ct-dose-calculations
#3
Yifei Pi, Tianyu Liu, X George Xu
Phantoms for organ dose calculations are essential in radiation protection dosimetry. This article describes the development of a set of mesh-based and age-dependent phantoms for Chinese populations using reference data recommended by the Chinese government and by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Existing mesh-based RPI adult male (RPI-AM) and RPI adult female (RPI-AF) phantoms were deformed to form new phantoms according to anatomical data for the height and weight of Chinese individuals of 5 years old male, 5 years old female, 10 years old male, 10 years old female,15 years old male, 15 years old female, adult male and adult female-named USTC-5 M, USTC-5F, USTC-10M, USTC-10F, USTC-15M, USTC-15F, USTC-AM and USTC-AF, respectively...
January 11, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340320/association-of-a-low-protein-diet-with-slower-progression-of-ckd
#4
Marie Metzger, Wen Lun Yuan, Jean-Philippe Haymann, Martin Flamant, Pascal Houillier, Eric Thervet, Jean-Jacques Boffa, François Vrtovsnik, Marc Froissart, Lise Bankir, Denis Fouque, Bénédicte Stengel
Introduction: Reducing protein intake is recommended for slowing chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, but assessment of its true effectiveness is sparse. Methods: Using the Maroni formula, we assessed dietary protein intake (DPI) from 24-hour urinary urea excretion in 1594 patients (67% men and 33% women) with CKD, 784 of whom also had 7-day food records. Cause-specific hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals for the competing risks of DPI-associated end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or death were estimated in 1412 patients with baseline glomerular filtration rate ≥15 ml/min per 1...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339829/associations-of-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-with-pregnancy-complications-in-project-viva
#5
Aarohee P Fulay, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Wei Perng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to improve cardiometabolic outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Little is known regarding the impact of this diet on health during pregnancy. The objective of this research is to examine associations of adherence to the DASH diet with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and other pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted analyses with data that came from 1760 women in Project Viva, a Boston-area longitudinal cohort recruited in early pregnancy 1999-2002...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338731/effective-nationwide-school-based-participatory-extramural-program-on-adolescent-body-mass-index-health-knowledge-and-behaviors
#6
Moonseong Heo, Camille C Jimenez, Jean Lim, Carmen R Isasi, Arthur E Blank, David W Lounsbury, Lynn Fredericks, Michelle Bouchard, Myles S Faith, Judith Wylie
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a major public health concern. Open to all high school students regardless of weight status, HealthCorps is a nationwide program offering a comprehensive high school-based participatory educational program to indirectly address obesity. We tested a hypothesis that the HealthCorps program would decrease BMI z-scores among overweight or obese students, and reduce obesity rates, and evaluated its effects on health knowledge and behaviors. METHODS: HealthCorps aimed to improve student knowledge and behaviors regarding nutrition quality, physical activity, sleep, breakfast intake, and mental resilience...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334960/arsenic-exposure-and-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-among-u-s-adolescents-and-adults-an-association-modified-by-race-ethnicity-nhanes-2005-2014
#7
Jennifer K Frediani, Eric A Naioti, Miriam B Vos, Janet Figueroa, Carmen J Marsit, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: While associated with obesity, the cause of the rapid rise in prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children, which is highest among Hispanics, is not well understood. Animal experiments have demonstrated that arsenic exposure contributes to liver injury. Our objective was to examine the association between arsenic exposure and NAFLD in humans and to determine if race/ethnicity modifies the association. METHODS: Urinary inorganic arsenic concentrations among those ≥12 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2014 were used to assess the cross-sectional association with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, a marker of liver dysfunction...
January 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333378/associations-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-dietary-consumptions-psychological-symptoms-and-obesity-in-korean-adults
#8
Bori Kang, Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
Sleep pattern disruptions have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study was performed to investigate the association between sleep quality and sleep duration with dietary consumption, psychological factors, and obesity in Korean adults. A total of 288 Korean men and women who visited a public health center were included in this study. Data on general characteristics, health-related habits, psychological symptoms, dietary intake, and sleep patterns (including quality and duration) were collected using self-report questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332860/impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-on-body-mass-index-weight-and-height-of-infants-and-toddlers-an-infant-survey
#9
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Hiroko Matsubara, Mami Ishikuro, Masahiro Kikuya, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Susumu Yokoya, Noriko Kato, Toshiaki Tanaka, Shoichi Chida, Atsushi Ono, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Soichiro Tanaka, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shigeo Kure, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The body mass index (BMI) of preschool children from 4 years of age through primary school has increased since the Great East Japan Earthquake, but that of children aged under 3 years has not been studied. This study evaluated how the anthropometrics of younger children changed following the earthquake. METHODS: Height and weight data of children living in northeast Japan were collected from 3-, 6-, 18-, and 42-month child health examinations. We compared the changes in BMI, weight, and height among infants affected by the earthquake between their 3- and 6-month health examinations, toddlers affected at 21-30 months of age (affected groups), and children who experienced the earthquake after their 42-month child health examination (unaffected group)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332685/sleep-patterns-in-children-differ-by-ethnicity-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-analyses-using-actigraphy
#10
Tevita F W Vaipuna, Sheila M Williams, Victoria L Farmer, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Rosalina Richards, Barbara C Galland, Lisa Te Morenga, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether sleep patterns (duration, timing, efficiency) differ by ethnicity. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Dunedin, New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 939 children (48% male) aged 4-12 years (572 European, 181 Māori, 111 Pacific, 75 Asian). MEASUREMENTS: All measurements were obtained at months 0, 12, and 24. Anthropometry was obtained using standard techniques, and parents completed questionnaires assessing demographics, dietary intake, and television habits of children...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332421/comparison-of-two-weight-based-desmopressin-dosing-strategies-for-spontaneous-bleeding
#11
Miguel J Franquiz, Michelle C Hines, Siu Yan Amy Yeung
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of desmopressin are appropriate for adjusted body weight-based dosing, particularly in obese patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe desmopressin dosing strategies, with emphasis on hemostatic outcomes among patients without preexisting bleeding disorders. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study of patients who received intravenous weight-based desmopressin for a hemostatic indication...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332108/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-high-blood-pressure-among-obese-children-in-the-western-region-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Abdulmoein E Al-Agha, Areej O Mahjoub
To evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on high blood pressure among obese children and adolescents in western region, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from 306 (female: 140, male: 166) child, between August 2016 and March 2017. A questioner was filled by health professionals at ambulatory pediatric clinic followed by waist-hip circumference, height, weight, and blood pressure measurement. Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were adjusted to gender, height, and age...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332012/classical-adiponectin-leptin-resistin-and-new-chemerin-vaspin-omentin-adipocytokines-in-patients-with-prediabetes
#13
Antoaneta Gateva, Yavor Assyov, Adelina Tsakova, Zdravko Kamenov
Background In the last decade, there has been an increased interest toward fat tissue as an endocrine organ that secretes many cytokines and bioactive mediators that play a role in insulin sensitivity, inflammation, coagulation and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate classical (adiponectin, leptin, resistin) and new (chemerin, vaspin, omentin) adipocytokine levels in subjects with prediabetes [impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)] and obese subjects with normoglycemia...
January 15, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331300/cigarette-smoking-and-hip-volumetric-bone-mineral-density-and-cortical-volume-loss-in-older-adults-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#14
Elisa A Marques, Martine Elbejjani, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Thomas Lang, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tamara B Harris
This study aimed to explore the relationships of several indicators of cigarette smoking habits (smoking status, pack-years, age at smoking initiation and smoking cessation) with quantitative computed tomographic (QCT)-derived proximal femur bone measures (trabecular vBMD, integral vBMD and the ratio of cortical to total tissue volume (cvol/ivol)) and with subsequent change in these measures over the next five years. A total of 2673 older adults (55.9% women), aged 66-92 years at baseline from the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility (AGES)-Reykjavik Study, who had two QCT scans of the hip were studied...
January 10, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331034/effects-of-in-situ-selenium-exposure-and-maternal-transfer-on-survival-and-deformities-of-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-fry
#15
Sean M Covington, Rami B Naddy, Alan L Prouty, Steven A Werner, Mark Dunn Lewis
Offspring of wild adult brown trout exposed to a range of selenium (Se) concentrations were reared in a laboratory setting to primarily assess effects on survival and deformities. Maternal whole body Se concentrations ranged from 4.7 to 22.6 mg/kg dry weight (dw) for wild fish. Corresponding Se concentrations in embryos ranged from 6.2 to 40.3 mg/kg dw. Significant relationships were found between embryo and whole-body tissue concentrations. Increasing egg Se concentrations were correlated with decreasing survival; however, hatch success was not significantly correlated with increasing embryo Se...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330196/higher-prevalence-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-prostate-cancer-in-patients-with-diabetes
#16
Stefan Zoltán Lutz, Tilman Todenhöfer, Robert Wagner, Jörg Hennenlotter, Jana Marlene Ferchl, Marcus Oliver Scharpf, Peter Martus, Harald Staiger, Andreas Fritsche, Arnulf Stenzl, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Martin Heni
Extract: Prostate cancer (PCa) and type 2 diabetes mellitus are under the most frequent diseases in men with a tremendous impact on morbidity and mortality (Giovannucci, et al. 2010). Incidence of many common types of cancer is known to be higher in diabetes (Giovannucci et al. 2010). However, studies reported that incidence of PCa is not increased in men with type 2 diabetes, some studies even found reduced prevalence (Kasper, et al. 2009). In contrast, PCa survival is markedly reduced in patients with coincident type 2 diabetes (Chen, et al...
January 12, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#17
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329773/total-energy-expenditure-and-body-composition-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#18
Michele Polfuss, Kathleen J Sawin, Paula E Papanek, Linda Bandini, Bethany Forseth, Andrea Moosreiner, Kimberley Zvara, Dale A Schoeller
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence is increased in children with developmental disabilities, specifically in children with spina bifida and Down syndrome. Energy expenditure, a critical aspect of weight management, has been extensively studied in the typically developing population, but not adequately studied in children with developmental disabilities. OBJECTIVE: Determine energy expenditure, fat-free mass and body fat percentile and the impact of these findings on recommended caloric intake in children with spina bifida and Down syndrome...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329466/association-between-body-weight-change-before-and-after-delivery-and-development-of-nonmetabolic-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#19
Zhao Ya, Zeng Yue, Liu Dan, Lin Neng-Bo, Luo Yi, Miao Ying, Wan Qin
The aim of the work was to investigate the association between body weight change before and after delivery and development of nonmetabolic syndrome in Chinese females aged ≥40 years. We selected 789 participants without metabolic syndrome randomly from a baseline survey performed in Luzhou, China in 2011. We took the group with decreasing or no increasing body mass index difference during a pregnancy as "R-Body Mass Index 1" (n=286) and divided the group with increasing body mass index difference during a pregnancy into "R-Body Mass Index 2" (n=254) and "R-Body Mass Index 3" (n=249) based upon P50...
January 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326182/variations-in-childbirth-interventions-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#20
Anna Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, Ank de Jonge, Thomas van den Akker, Katrien Beeckman, Annick Bogaerts, Monalisa Barros, Patricia Janssen, Lorena Binfa, Eva Rydahl, Lucy Frith, Mechthild Gross, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Deirdre Daly, Jean Calleja-Agius, Patricia Gillen, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Eugene Declercq
INTRODUCTION: There are growing concerns about the increase in rates of commonly used childbirth interventions. When indicated, childbirth interventions are crucial for preventing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but their routine use in healthy women and children leads to avoidable maternal and neonatal harm. Establishing ideal rates of interventions can be challenging. This study aims to describe the range of variations in the use of commonly used childbirth interventions in high-income countries around the world, and in outcomes in nulliparous and multiparous women...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
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