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Adjusted body weight

Indrani Godakanda, Chrishantha Abeysena, Ayesha Lokubalasooriya
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of sedentary behavior during leisure time, physical activity and dietary habits on overweight among school children aged 14-15 years in Kalutara District, Sri Lanka. RESULTS: School based case-control study was conducted during September to November 2013 including 176 overweight children as cases and 704 children with normal weight as controls. Cases were defined as body mass index for age and sex of ≥ +1SD and controls as those in the range of -2SD to +1SD...
March 20, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Bradley Fawver, Jaimie A Roper, Carolina Sarmento, Chris J Hass
We investigated the impact of initial body position on the displacement and velocity of center of pressure adjustments made during gait initiation. Twenty-nine healthy adults (21 ± 1y) initiated forward gait following six seconds of sustained forward posture based on percentage of their forward maximum voluntary lean (0, 5, 10, 20, 50%). Final center of pressure positions for each trial were back-calculated, as a percentage of maximum voluntary lean, using average anteroposterior constant error to the target during the last second of feedback...
March 17, 2018: Human Movement Science
Edilberto Díaz Bonilla, Claudia L Torres Galvis, Rossana Gómez Campos, Miguel de Arruda, Jaime Pacheco Carrillo, Marco Cossio Bolaños
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing concern over the study of physical growth in different regions of the world, although altitude is not considered an adjustment factor. OBJECTIVES: Compare physical growth variables and body mass index (BMI) patterns with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2012 reference data and develop percentiles for children and adolescents. METHODOLOGY: School children living at moderate altitude in Bogotá (Colombia) were studied...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Marita Crivelli, Kaspar Wyss, Leticia Grize, Barbara Matthys, Thomas Aebi, Elisabeth Zemp
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between overweight/obesity and anemia in early childhood in Tajikistan. METHODS: Using a two-stage-cluster sampling, a representative sample of 1342 children (48.7% girls) aged 25-60 months was included in a nationwide survey in Tajikistan in 2009. Weight status was defined by age- and gender-specific body mass index, anemia by hemoglobin < 11 g/dl, according to WHO cut-off values for children, adjusted for altitude...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore if there is a causal association between adolescence sleep problems and overweight/obesity (Ow/Ob) in young adults. METHODS: Youth self-reports were used to explore if adolescence (mean age 13.90 years, SD ±0.32) sleep problems lead to general Ow/Ob, computed from body mass index (n = 1075), or abdominal Ow/Ob, computed from waist circumference and waist to height ratio (n = 1179), in young adults (mean age 20.65 years, SD±0...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Cassandra L Pattinson, Simon S Smith, Sally L Staton, Stewart G Trost, Karen J Thorpe
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between sleep parameters and weight status in a large sample of preschool children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey data from the Effective Early Educational Experiences for children (E4Kids) study were analyzed. PARTICIPANTS: 1111 children aged 3 to 6 years from Queensland and Victoria, Australia. MEASUREMENTS: General linear modeling, with adjustment for significant control variables, assessed the impact of night sleep duration, total sleep duration, napping frequency, sleep timing (onset, offset and midpoint), and severity of sleep problems on standardized body mass index (BMI z score)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Tie-Yuan Zhu, Guo-Hua Fan, Qing Geng, Gan-Jun Kang, Jie Huang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive value of the intraoperative thymofatty specimen weight (TFSW) index on predicting the prognosis of extended thymectomy (ET) for non-thymomatous myasthenia gravis. METHODS: This is a prospective non-interventional study in which patients who underwent ET between January 2012 and June 2015 were enrolled. Resected thymus and surrounding adipose tissues were weighed using an electronic scale intraoperatively and adjusted to the body surface area (BSA) to calculate the TFSW index...
March 14, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Jeremy W Cannon, Lucas P Neff, Heather F Pidcoke, James K Aden, Philip C Spinella, Michael A Johnson, Andrew P Cap, Matthew A Borgman
BACKGROUND: Hemostatic resuscitation principles have significantly changed adult trauma resuscitation over the past decade. Practice patterns in pediatric resuscitation likely have changed as well; however, this evolution has not been quantified. We evaluated pediatric resuscitation practices over time within a combat trauma system. METHODS: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) was queried from 2001-2013 for pediatric patients (<18 years). Patients with burns, drowning, and missing injury severity score (ISS) were excluded...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Dan Wei, Ningning Zheng, Lanyan Zheng, Leting Wang, Liang Song, Luning Sun
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a global epidemic that has great socioeconomic and public health implications. This study reports observed effects of the Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP) in a rat model of MS and explores its underlying mechanisms of action. Methods: A diet-induced rat model of MS was established according to accepted methods, and the rats were randomly divided into two groups: a control group (0.9% NaCl, 100 mg/kg• d) and a SBP-treated group (SBP, 100 mg/kg• d). Systolic blood pressures, fasting blood glucose (FBS) levels, triglyceride (TG) levels, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, body weights, and abdominal perimeters were dynamically monitored and analyzed...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Elke Jeschke, Mustafa Citak, Christian Günster, Andreas M Halder, Karl-Dieter Heller, Jürgen Malzahn, Fritz U Niethard, Peter Schräder, Josef Zacher, Thorsten Gehrke
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) and the risk of postoperative complications, mortality, and revision rates following primary total hip arthroplasty given other potentially confounding patient characteristics in a large cohort study. METHODS: Using nationwide billing data for inpatient hospital treatment of the biggest German healthcare insurance, 131,576 total hip arthroplasties in 124,368 patients between January 2012 and December 2014 were included...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Sérgio Dos Anjos Garnes, Adriana Bottoni, Fernanda Lasakosvitsch, Andrea Bottoni
OBJECTIVE: This study developed an instrument in table format to help determine the energy requirements of patients in adverse situations. The instrument allows for the weekly adjustment of nutrition therapy and energy intake, advocating a new approach to treatment based on clinical observation performed by staff specialized in individualized nutrition therapy. METHODS: The table was elaborated by grouping patients according to the following criteria: criticality, chronicity, and stability of the clinical status...
February 3, 2018: Nutrition
Gabriela Ambrósio, Fernanda N Kaufmann, Luana Manosso, Nicolle Platt, Gabriele Ghisleni, Ana Lúcia S Rodrigues, Débora K Rieger, Manuella P Kaster
This narrative review will present and discuss clinical data from 16 cross-sectional and 6 longitudinal studies examining the relationship between body mass index (BMI), symptoms of depression and peripheral inflammation. Our aim is to determine which of obesity and depression contributes best to the peripheral low-grade inflammation frequently associated to both conditions. Studies including a complete evaluation of inflammatory markers are scarce and high levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are the most consistent findings associated with obesity and symptoms of depression...
March 9, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Hirohisa Endo, Tomotaka Dohi, Jun Shitara, Hideki Wada, Shinichiro Doi, Ryo Naito, Hirokazu Konishi, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Takatoshi Kasai, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: The prognostic long-term impact of body mass index (BMI) on East Asian patients with coronary artery disease remains unclear. METHODS: An observational retrospective cohort study was carried out involving 3571 patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 2000 to 2013. Patients were divided into the following five groups according to baseline BMI: Group 1 (underweight 1, BMI ≤20.0kg/m2 ); Group 2 (underweight 2, BMI=20.1-22...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Hiroki Kitakata, Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Junko Fujino, Naomi Nakano, Ryoma Fukuoka, Shinsuke Yuasa, Yuichiro Maekawa, Keiichi Fukuda
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient perspectives on secondary lifestyle modification and knowledge of 'heart attack' after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary artery disease (CAD). DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: A single university-based hospital centre in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 236 consecutive patients with CAD who underwent PCI completed a questionnaire (age, 67.4±10.1 years; women, 14...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
Alok Kumar Paul, Nuri Gueven, Nikolas Dietis
In current clinical practice, morphine is dosed in older patients based on patient-weight, with different calculations for adjustment. However, at present, neither clinical experience nor the literature offers a clear evidence base for the relationship between antinociception, behavioral effects and morphine administration in older patients. In this study, we compared the nociceptive response of 8 and 24 week old rats after subcutaneous administration of morphine per body weight and analyzed their behavior using an advanced multi-conditioning system...
March 13, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Yan-Chuan Li, Chun-Long Li, Rui Li, Yang Chen, Meng Zhang, Pan-Pan Guo, Dan Shi, Xiao-Ning Ji, Ren-Nan Feng, Chang-Hao Sun
BACKGROUND: It has been established in RCTs that high dose of phytosterols can significantly reduce blood cholesterol. However, it was uncertain whether low dose of phytosterols from daily diets was effective. In this study, we evaluated the associations between dietary phytosterols and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood glucose, serum lipid profiles and prevalence of overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in healthy subjects. METHODS: Four hundred nine men and 503 women aged 18-60 years were included in this study...
March 16, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Arthur M Lee, Rebecca J Scharf, Mark D DeBoer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if food insecurity is an independent risk factor for obesity in U.S. children. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of children participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort 2011. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate longitudinal associations between food security and body mass index (BMI) z-score. All regression models included race/ethnicity, household income, and parental education...
February 5, 2018: Nutrition
Rezvan Salehidoost, Asieh Mansouri, Massoud Amini, Sima Aminorroaya Yamini, Ashraf Aminorroaya
AIMS: The relationship between obesity and mortality rate among diabetic patients is a controversial topic. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between obesity and all-cause mortality risk in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this retrospective database study, 2383 patients with type 2 diabetes, who had been registered in the Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Iran, were enrolled between 1992 and 2010. The mean (SD) of diabetes duration and follow-up period was 15...
March 15, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Olivier Beauchet, Cyrille P Launay, Harmehr Sekhon, Jennifer Gautier, Julia Chabot, Elise J Levinoff, Gilles Allali
BACKGROUND: Assessment of changes in higher levels of gait control with aging is important to better understand age-related gait instability, with the perspective to improve the screening of individuals at risk for falls. The comparison between actual Timed Up and Go test (aTUG) and its imagined version (iTUG) is a simple clinical way to assess age-related changes in gait control. The modulations of iTUG performances by body positions and motor imagery (MI) strategies with normal aging have not been evaluated yet...
2018: PloS One
Sophie Vincent, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea R Spence, Haim A Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and neonatal respiratory-related outcomes among women who underwent an elective cesarean section (CS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s 2009-2013 period linked birth/infant death dataset. Women who had elective CSs at term were categorized by their pre-pregnancy BMI as normal, overweight, obese or morbidly obese...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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