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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912938/comparison-of-endovenous-laser-and-radiofrequency-ablation-in-treating-varices-in-the-same-patient
#1
Orhan Bozoglan, Bulent Mese, Erdinc Eroglu, Hasan Cetin Ekerbiçer, Alptekin Yasim
Introduction: To compare endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in different legs in the same individual in patients with venous insufficiency. Methods: Sixty patients with bilateral saphenous vein insufficiency were included. EVLA or RFA was applied to one of the patient's legs and RFA or EVLA to the other leg. Results: EVLA and RFA complications were hyperemia at 20.7% and 31.0%, ecchymosis at 31.0% and 51.7% and edema at 27.6% and 65.5%, respectively. The rate of recanalization was 6...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893712/single-session-percutaneous-endovascular-mesocaval-shunt-creation-and-balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-for-the-treatment-of-gastric-varices
#2
Ravi Nara Srinivasa, Bill S Majdalany, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, J Matthew Meadows, Jordan Bruce Fenlon, Charles Brewerton, Wael E Saad
In the setting of portal hypertension, the body responds by creating portosystemic venous shunts which may lead to the development of varices. Endoscopic treatment of these varices is often warranted to prevent catastrophic bleeding. During the course of variceal treatment, one or more portosystemic shunts may be sacrificed which may acutely exacerbate portal hypertension and reduce systemic venous return. This report describes percutaneous creation of a mesocaval shunt and balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) in a patient with cavernous transformation of the portal vein...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875380/balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-of-varices-focusing-on-the-portal-hemodynamics-and-the-recent-techniques
#3
REVIEW
Shozo Hirota, Kaoru Kobayashi, Yasukazu Kako, Haruyuki Takaki, Koichiro Yamakado
PURPOSE: To evaluate the recent topics of Ballloon-occluded retrograde trasnvenous obliteration(B-RTO). METHOD: We overviewed the recent scientific papers regarding B-RTO. RESULT: B-RTO is a treatment method for occluding varices retrogradely using a sclerosing agent under balloon occlusion of a major draining vein. It has been recognized as an effective treatment method for gastric varices. Hepatic function reserve is improved and liver volume is increased after B-RTO...
September 5, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860900/portal-vein-stenting-for-delayed-jejunal-varix-bleeding-associated-with-portal-venous-occlusion-after-hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-surgery
#4
Dongho Hyun, Kwang Bo Park, Sung Ki Cho, Hong Suk Park, Sung Wook Shin, Sung Wook Choo, Young Soo Do, In Wook Choo, Dong Wook Choi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to describe portal stenting for postoperative portal occlusion with delayed (≥ 3 months) variceal bleeding in the afferent jejunal loop. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients (age range, 2-79 years; eight men and three women) who underwent portal stenting between April 2009 and December 2015 were included in the study. Preoperative medical history and the postoperative clinical course were reviewed. Characteristics of portal occlusion and details of procedures were also investigated...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856972/elastography-methods-for-the-non-invasive-assessment-of-portal-hypertension
#5
Davide Roccarina, Matteo Rosselli, Joan Genesca, Emmanuel A Tsochatzis
The gold standard to assess the presence and severity of portal hypertension remains the hepatic vein pressure gradient, however the recent development of non-invasive assessment using elastography techniques offers valuable alternatives. In this review, we discuss the diagnostic accuracy and utility of such techniques in patients with portal hypertension due to cirrhosis. Areas covered: A literature search focused on liver and spleen stiffness measurement with different elastographic techniques for the assessment of the presence and severity of portal hypertension and oesophageal varices in people with chronic liver disease...
August 31, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855391/higher-flow-is-present-in-unruptured-arteriovenous-malformations-with-silent-intralesional-microhemorrhages
#6
Xiaolin Chen, Daniel L Cooke, David Saloner, Jeffrey Nelson, Hua Su, Michael T Lawton, Christopher Hess, Tarik Tihan, Yuanli Zhao, Helen Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Silent microhemorrhage (hemosiderin) has been observed in resected brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVM) tissue and may represent a subgroup at increased risk for clinical hemorrhage. Previous studies suggest that ruptured bAVMs have faster flow and shorter mean transit time of contrast in blood vessels than unruptured bAVMs. We hypothesized that flow would be faster in unruptured AVMs with hemosiderin compared with those without hemosiderin. METHODS: We selected unruptured, supratentorial bAVMs >3...
August 30, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843589/hemorrhage-risk-with-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-tips-insertion-at-the-main-portal-vein-bifurcation-with-stent-grafts
#7
A S Griffin, S R Preece, J Ronald, T P Smith, P V Suhocki, C Y Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of major hemorrhage after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) insertion using a stent graft at the main portal vein bifurcation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: TIPS insertion using stent grafts was performed in 215 patients due to non-variceal hemorrhage indications. There were 137 men and 78 women, with a mean age of 57 years±10.6 (SD) (range: 19-90 years). Based on retrospective review of portal venograms, TIPS inserted within 5mm from the portal vein bifurcation were considered "bifurcation TIPS", while those inserted 2cm or greater from the bifurcation were considered intrahepatic...
August 23, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828590/direct-reopening-of-the-occluded-hepatic-veins-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-verification-of-our-operative-method-by-the-perioperative-course-of-esophageal-varices
#8
Yukio Kuniyoshi, Hitoshi Inafuku, Satoshi Yamashiro, Yuya Kise, Takaaki Nagano, Ryoko Arakaki, Tatsuya Maeda, Mizuki Ando, Shotaro Higa
OBJECTIVE: A total of 69 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) were operated by direct approach under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To assess the operative procedure, the perioperative course of esophageal varices (EVs) was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 69 patients, 59 (22 females) were enrolled in this study because they had complete follow-up data for endoscopic evaluation of EVs. Their mean age was 46.3 ± 13.0 years (range 21-73.3 years). EVs were found in 52 patients...
August 21, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792357/management-of-left-renal-vein-compression-in-patients-presenting-left-gonadal-vein-reflux
#9
Javier Leal Monedero, Santiago Zubicoa Ezpeleta, Michel Perrin
Background Compression of left renal vein is an atypical cause of reflux in pelvic veins resulting in pelvic varices that in turn causes frequently lower limb varices in many cases. Methods A monocentric study was undertaken to report the treatment and five-year follow up of patients presenting left renal vein compression. Embolization of refluxive gonadal/pelvic veins was performed generally as the initial procedure. Left renal vein stenting was performed in patients presenting haematuria, severe lumbar pain or persistent pelvic/lower limb varices after embolization...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791885/shunt-preserving-disconnection-of-the-portal-to-systemic-circulation-in-patients-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#10
Osamu Ikeda, Seijiro Inoue, Yoshitaka Tamura, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Hideo Baba, Yukihiro Inomata, Yasuyuki Yamashita
Background Portosystemic shunt obliteration by surgical or interventional radiological techniques can be effective for patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE) although this approach is often associated with accumulation of ascites and/or formation of esophageal varices. Purpose To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of shunt-preserving disconnection of the portosystemic circulation (SPDPS) in patients with HE. Material and Methods Nine patients with HE and a splenorenal shunt were treated by SPDPS: eight underwent selective coil embolization of the splenic vein and one underwent stent-graft closure of the shunt...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791845/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome-single-centre-experiences
#11
Tadeusz A Dorobisz, Jerzy S Garcarek, Jacek Kurcz, Krzysztof Korta, Andrzej T Dorobisz, Przemysław Podgórski, Jan Skóra, Piotr Szyber
BACKGROUND: One of the underestimated causes of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women may be pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) that is defined as the presence of varicose of ovarian and pelvic veins associated with chronic pain in the region of the pelvis. This pain is present longer than 6 months and intensifies with prolonged standing, coitus and menstruation. The disease constitutes a diagnostic as well as therapeutic problem, thus posing a challenge for the clinician. Transcatheter ovarian vein embolization might be a safe and effective option for PCS treatment...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790540/the-effect-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-on-the-occurrence-of-varicose-veins-on-lower-extremities
#12
Goran Talic, Luka Talic, Djurdjica Stevanovic-Papica, Tatjana Nozica-Radulovic, Snjezana Novakovic-Bursac
INTRODUCTION: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional spine deformity with the frontal plane deflexion (side-shift) of the series of vertebra from the midline and with torque deformity of vertebra, ribs, and the entire trunk towards the apex of curve. Chronic venous diseases present a group of pathological conditions caused by the increased venous pressure. The venous pressure may be increased due to genetics, ligament laxity, general obesity, injuries, and changes in biomechanics of spine and lower extremities, etc...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776495/platelet-count-to-splenic-diameter-ratio-and-other-noninvasive-markers-as-predictors-of-esophageal-varices-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#13
Zubia Jamil, Maryam Malik, Asghar Aurangzeb Durrani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopy as a screening modality for esophageal varices is becoming difficult because of its invasiveness, cost, and increased burden of liver cirrhosis. This study aims to determine the diagnostic accuracy of simple and noninvasive markers in detecting esophageal varices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four variables (platelet count, portal vein diameter, splenic diameter, and ratio of platelet count to splenic diameter PC/SD] ratio) were studied in 150 cirrhotic patients...
August 4, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765699/effect-of-initial-stent-position-on-patency-of-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt
#14
Shi-Hua Luo, Jian-Guo Chu, He Huang, Ke-Chun Yao
AIM: To evaluate the effect of initial stent position on transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). METHODS: We studied 425 patients from January 2004 to January 2015 with refractory ascites or variceal bleeding who required TIPS placement. Patients were randomly divided into group A (stent in hepatic vein, n = 57), group B (stent extended to junction of hepatic vein and inferior vena cava, n = 136), group C (stent in left branch of portal vein, n = 83) and group D (stent in main portal vein, n = 149)...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741138/trans-splenic-access-for-portal-venous-interventions-in-children-do-benefits-outweigh-risks
#15
Sheena Pimpalwar, Ponraj Chinnadurai, Alberto Hernandez, Kamlesh Kukreja, Shakeel Siddiqui, Henri Justino
BACKGROUND: The primary concern of trans-splenic access for portal interventions is the risk of life-threatening intraperitoneal bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical indications and efficacy and evaluate the risk factors for intraperitoneal bleeding during trans-splenic portal interventions in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent trans-splenic portal interventions at a tertiary care pediatric institution between March 2011 and April 2017 was performed...
July 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698417/-intravenous-ablation-for-lower-extremity-varices-to-prevent-recurrent-pulmonary-embolism-in-klippel-trenaunay-syndrome-report-of-a-case
#16
Ikutaro Kigawa, Masahiro Aiba, Atsushi Ito
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome( KTS) is a complex congenital anomaly characterized by lower extremity varix and venous malformations, port-wine stains, and soft tissue and bone hypertrophy. We present a case of a 35-year-old man of KTS with pulmonary embolism (PE). The patient was referred to our hospital complaining of the leg pain and sudden onset of dyspnea. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed lower extremity varices, superficial thrombophlebitis and bilateral pulmonary thrombi. No venous malformations except for varicose veins were revealed in the limbs or pelvis...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689938/gonadal-vein-transposition-in-nutcracker-syndrome
#17
Roy Miler, Eric K Shang, Woosup Michael Park
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Nutcracker syndrome, caused by mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein leading to symptoms related to venous hypertension, is an uncommon entity that may require operative intervention. Traditional open transposition of the left renal vein to the vena cava has been shown to have a re-intervention rate of up to 30%, while also having additional morbidity associated with laparotomy. More recently, endovascular stenting has been described in several small series, but have reported stent fracture, thrombosis and migration...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661458/adipokines-in-liver-cirrhosis
#18
REVIEW
Christa Buechler, Elisabeth M Haberl, Lisa Rein-Fischboeck, Charalampos Aslanidis
Liver fibrosis can progress to cirrhosis, which is considered a serious disease. The Child-Pugh score and the model of end-stage liver disease score have been established to assess residual liver function in patients with liver cirrhosis. The development of portal hypertension contributes to ascites, variceal bleeding and further complications in these patients. A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is used to lower portal pressure, which represents a major improvement in the treatment of patients...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651302/useful-endoscopic-ultrasonography-parameters-and-a-predictive-model-for-the-recurrence-of-esophageal-varices-and-bleeding-after-variceal-ligation
#19
Soung Won Jeong, Hye Soo Kim, Sang Gyune Kim, Jeong-Ju Yoo, Jae Young Jang, Sae Hwan Lee, Hong Soo Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Young Seok Kim, Boo Sung Kim
Background/Aims: To identify the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography with a mini-probe (EUM) and to create a predictive model for esophageal variceal (EV) recurrence and bleeding following esophageal variceal ligation (EVL). Methods: A total of 144 patients who received EUM prior to prophylactic EVL and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. EUM findings, EV diameter, paraesophageal vein diameter, and the number of perforating veins were assessed. Results: EV recurrence was observed in 42 patients (29...
June 27, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647634/more-successful-results-with-less-energy-in-endovenous-laser-ablation-treatment-long-term-comparison-of-bare-tip-fiber980nm-laser-and-radial-tip-fiber1470nm-laser-application
#20
Ümit Arslan, Eyüpserhat Çalık, Mehmet Tort, Ziya Yıldız, Ali İhsan Tekin, Hüsnü Kamil Limandal, Mehmet Ali Kaygın, Özgür Dağ, Bilgehan Erkut
BACKGROUND: Varices and venous insufficiency are common and serious health problems in the general population which affect quality of life. Endothermal treatment of the great saphenous vein has become the first line of treatment for superficial venous reflux, and the endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) method has been widely accepted all over the world. In this method, ablation is provided by a laser fiber inserted into the lumen of the vein. Initially, the fibers were 810 nm, but today the fibers are usually 940, 980, or 1470 nm...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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