keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Personality theory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213768/factors-related-to-self-care-in-heart-failure-patients-according-to-the-middle-range-theory-of-self-care-of-chronic-illness-a-literature-update
#1
REVIEW
Tiny Jaarsma, Jan Cameron, Barbara Riegel, Anna Stromberg
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: As described in the theory of self-care in chronic illness, there is a wide range of factors that can influence self-care behavior. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the recent heart failure literature on these related factors in order to provide an overview on which factors might be suitable to be considered to make self-care interventions more successful. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies in heart failure patients confirm that factors described in the theory of self-care of chronic illness are relevant for heart failure patients...
February 17, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213343/checking-questionable-entry-of-personally-identifiable-information-encrypted-by-one-way-hash-transformation
#2
Xianlai Chen, Yang C Fann, Matthew McAuliffe, David Vismer, Rong Yang
BACKGROUND: As one of the several effective solutions for personal privacy protection, a global unique identifier (GUID) is linked with hash codes that are generated from combinations of personally identifiable information (PII) by a one-way hash algorithm. On the GUID server, no PII is permitted to be stored, and only GUID and hash codes are allowed. The quality of PII entry is critical to the GUID system. OBJECTIVE: The goal of our study was to explore a method of checking questionable entry of PII in this context without using or sending any portion of PII while registering a subject...
February 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210964/exploring-partners-experiences-in-living-with-patients-who-undergo-bariatric-surgery
#3
Anna Wallwork, Lynn Tremblay, Monica Chi, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is effective in assisting persons with severe obesity in achieving significant weight loss and improved health; however, success depends on one's lifelong commitment to lifestyle modifications post-operatively. Life partners can be essential to the success of bariatric patients as they can serve as a primary resource to patients and healthcare teams. This study aimed to explore bariatric patients' partner's experiences in order to help inform clinical practice in bariatric care to better address patient and partner needs...
February 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209122/effects-and-meanings-of-a-person-centred-and-health-promoting-intervention-in-home-care-services-a-study-protocol-of-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Karin Bölenius, Kristina Lämås, Per-Olof Sandman, David Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: The literature indicates that current home care service are largely task oriented with limited focus on the involvement of the older people themselves, and studies show that lack of involvement might reduce older people's quality of life. Person-centred care has been shown to improve the satisfaction with care and quality of life in older people cared for in hospitals and nursing homes, with limited published evidence about the effects and meanings of person-centred interventions in home care services for older people...
February 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208593/context-sensing-system-analysis-for-privacy-preservation-based-on-game-theory
#5
Shengling Wang, Luyun Li, Weiman Sun, Junqi Guo, Rongfang Bie, Kai Lin
In a context sensing system in which a sensor-equipped mobile phone runs an unreliable context-aware application, the application can infer the user's contexts, based on which it provides personalized services. However, the application may sell the user's contexts to some malicious adversaries to earn extra profits, which will hinder its widespread use. In the real world, the actions of the user, the application and the adversary in the context sensing system affect each other, so that their payoffs are constrained mutually...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202407/epilepsy-monitoring-the-patients-views-a-qualitative-study-based-on-kolcaba-s-comfort-theory
#6
Andrea Egger-Rainer, Eugen Trinka, Julia Höfler, Anna Maria Dieplinger
PURPOSE: The aim of this qualitative study was to determine which perception of personal comfort patients name in the context of their hospitalization in an Austrian Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU). METHODS: Problem-centred interviews with twelve inpatients were conducted. Data analyses were done according to Mayring's qualitative content analyses following the technique of structuring-deductive category assignment. RESULTS: Patients experienced different kinds of comfort along with their hospitalization in the EMU...
February 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199713/neural-mechanisms-underlying-affective-theory-of-mind-in-violent-antisocial-personality-disorder-and-or-schizophrenia
#7
Boris Schiffer, Christina Pawliczek, Bernhard W Müller, Jens Wiltfang, Martin Brüne, Michael Forsting, Elke R Gizewski, Norbert Leygraf, Sheilagh Hodgins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199429/-emotional-processing-theory-and-prolonged-exposure-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Rafael Kichic, Noelí D'Alessio
Prolonged exposure therapy is a first-line treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. In this article we discuss the theoretical underpinnings and underlying mechanisms of PE, its efficacy and safety. We briefly describe the procedures involved in PE with special emphasis in imaginal exposure. Also, we present examples of efforts to integrate evidence-based treatments that concurrently target PTSD and borderline personality disorder. Next, we review efforts made to adapt the intervention to Hispanics. Finally, obstacles for disseminating and implementing PE are discussed...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199427/-attachment-trauma-and-dissociation-the-genesis-of-the-dissociated-personality
#9
Ricardo E Cortese
In the present work we will deepen on the dissociative identity disorder (DID) and in the main current explanatory theory doomed to elucidate its genesis. The latter implies the interweaving of the notions of trauma, dissociation and attachment, relying on the psychoanalytic traditions and cognitive behavioral, generating an integrated perspective that transfigures the way how it was dealt with clinically and therapeutically this disorder. Under the perspective of the latter, the DID appears insert in the framework of the dissociative disorders of the personality, the same as the borderline organization, and in turn related to those dissociative disorders acquired in adulthood, which includes the post-traumatic stress disorder and some somatization disorders and conversion, which suggests the existence of an extended spectrum of dissociative disorders...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196569/reflections-on-an-innovative-approach-to-studying-abroad-in-nursing
#10
Nancy Napolitano, Karen V Duhamel
Nursing students are largely excluded from travel-abroad studies because of demanding curricula, lack of time, and cost. A poll was conducted and distributed to bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) and master of science in nursing (MSN) students who participated in 8-day observational trips. Questions were framed around the themes of cultural awareness, global health care perspective, translating theory into practice, and personal and professional growth. The results were compared with traditional long-term study-abroad outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196550/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-last-year-major-depression-in-adulthood-a-highly-heritable-stable-liability-but-strong-environmental-effects-on-1-year-prevalence
#11
K S Kendler, C O Gardner
BACKGROUND: This study seeks to clarify the contribution of temporally stable and occasion-specific genetic and environmental influences on risk for major depression (MD). METHOD: Our sample was 2153 members of female-female twin pairs from the Virginia Twin Registry. We examined four personal interview waves conducted over an 8-year period with MD in the last year defined by DSM-IV criteria. We fitted a structural equation model to the data using classic Mx. The model included genetic and environmental risk factors for a latent, stable vulnerability to MD and for episodes in each of the four waves...
February 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193192/taking-care-of-oneself-by-regaining-control-a-key-to-continue-living-four-to-five-decades-after-a-suicide-attempt-in-severe-depression
#12
Lisa Crona, Margaretha Stenmarker, Agneta Öjehagen, Ulrika Hallberg, Louise Brådvik
BACKGROUND: Depression is a strong risk factor for suicide and suicide attempt. Several studies have examined the pathway to suicide attempt, but few studies have considered aspects important for overcoming being suicidal. The aim of the present study was to examine personal strategies to continue living after a suicide attempt. METHODS: A qualitative grounded theory approach was used. Thirteen former inpatients diagnosed with severe depression (1956-1969) participated in a follow-up 42-56 years after their last suicide attempt, which occurred between the ages of 21 and 45...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192495/is-your-dog-empathic-developing-a-dog-emotional-reactivity-survey
#13
Flóra Szánthó, Ádám Miklósi, Enikő Kubinyi
Dogs' seemingly empathic behaviour attracts general and scientific attention alike. Behaviour tests are usually not sufficiently realistic to evoke empathic-like behaviour; therefore we decided to ask owners about their experiences with their dogs in emotionally loaded situations. Owners from Hungary (N = 591) and from Germany (N = 2283) were asked to rate their level of agreement on a 1-5 Likert scale with statements about the reactivity of their dogs to their emotions and to other dogs' behaviour. We created two scales with satisfactory internal reliability: reactivity to the owner's emotion and reactivity to other dogs' behaviour...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192005/does-real-time-variability-in-inhibitory-control-drive-snacking-behavior-an-intensive-longitudinal-study
#14
Daniel J H Powell, David McMinn, Julia L Allan
OBJECTIVE: Laboratory eating studies and cross-sectional surveys indicate individuals with inefficient executive function (EF) consume more unhealthy snacks than others. However, the importance of EF in determining snacking behavior in the "real world" has not been established. Contemporary behavioral and self-control theories posit EF as a dynamic resource fluctuating over time. Consequently, a test of the relevance of EF to behavior within individuals is required. This study tested within- and between-person effects of real-time variability in objectively measured inhibitory control (a core facet of EF) on subsequent snacking behavior in daily life...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191593/learning-from-a-contemporary-history-of-immunology
#15
REVIEW
Melvin Cohn
This essay is a selected aspect of the history of contemporary immunology seen from a "what can we learn" point of view. It is limited to the ideas and experiments from which we might draw a take-home message. The emphasis is on the convoluted pathway that was actually used by immunologists to arrive at understanding compared to the direct pathway that could have been used given the knowledge at that time. It takes the reader through the instructionist era of the 1940s to the present by stressing the elements of thinking most conducive to the arrival at a default understanding of the intact immune system...
February 13, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190944/when-task-conflict-becomes-personal-the-impact-of-perceived-team-performance
#16
Hannes Guenter, Hetty van Emmerik, Bert Schreurs, Tom Kuypers, Ad van Iterson, Guy Notelaers
Although potentially beneficial, task conflict may threaten teams because it often leads to relationship conflict. Prior research has identified a set of interpersonal factors (e.g., team communication, team trust) that help attenuate this association. The purpose of this article is to provide an alternative perspective that focuses on the moderating role of performance-related factors (i.e., perceived team performance). Using social identity theory, we build a model that predicts how task conflict associates with growth in relationship conflict and how perceived team performance influences this association...
October 2016: Small Group Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188190/identifying-educational-needs-of-the-multidisciplinary-cancer-team-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-breast-cancer
#17
Priya Wanchoo, Chris Larrison, Carol Rosenberg, Naomi Ko, Cynthia Cantril, Naomi Moeller, Ruchit Parikh, Ana-Marija Djordjevic
Background: Rapid advancements in the field of metastatic breast cancer (mBC) add to the complexity of managing patients with this disease. An educational needs assessment of multidisciplinary mBC clinicians was executed to identify practice performance gaps and recommend educational strategies aimed at closing these gaps. Methods: To ensure a collection of reliable data for assessment, a systematic process was used to design, develop, and validate the tools that were used. This grounded theory approach included assessment and confirmation by clinical experts and validation testing within the target audiences...
February 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187336/establishing-a-clinically-relevant-cutoff-to-the-dependency-scale-from-the-dimensional-clinical-personality-inventory
#18
Lucas de F Carvalho, Giselle Pianowski, Nelson H Filho
The Clinical Dimensional Personality Inventory (IDCP) is a 163-item self-report tool developed for the assessment of 12 dimensions of personality pathology. One of the scales comprising the instrument-the Dependency scale-is intended to provide psychometric information on traits closely related to the Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD). In the present study, we used both Item Response Theory modeling and Receiver Operating Characteristic curve analysis to establishing a clinically meaningful cutoff for the IDCP Dependency Scale...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186071/complex-clinical-communication-practices-how-do-information-receivers-assimilate-and-act-upon-information-for-patient-care
#19
Ming Chao Wong, Kwang Chien Yee, Paul Turner
Improving clinical communication is imperative to improving the quality and safety of patient care. Significant efforts have been made to improve clinical communication and patient safety, guided by the mantra of "the right information, to the right person, in the right place, at the right time". The design and implementation of information communication technologies (ICTs) has been considered as one of the major developments in improving patient care. Clinical communication in today's clinical practice is complex and involves multi-disciplinary teams using different types of media for information transfer...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185398/reconciling-conceptualizations-of-relationships-and-person-centred-care-for-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-in-acute-care-settings
#20
Carole Rushton, David Edvardsson
Relationships are central to enacting person-centred care of the older person with cognitive impairment. A fuller understanding of relationships and the role they play facilitating wellness and preserving personhood is critical if we are to unleash the productive potential of nursing research and person-centred care. In this article, we target the acute care setting because much of the work about relationships and older people with cognitive impairment has tended to focus on relationships in long-term care...
February 10, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
keyword
keyword
89173
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"