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Qing-Hui Zhang, Rui-Xing Yin, Wu-Xian Chen, Xiao-Li Cao, Yu-Ming Chen
Little is known about the association of the TIMD4 (T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 4 gene)- HAVCR1 (hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1) variants and lipid metabolism, the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke (IS). The present study aimed to determine the TIMD4-HAVCR1 variants, their haplotypes and gene-environment interactions on serum lipid levels, the risk of CHD and IS, and the lipid-lowering efficacy of atorvastatin in a southern Chinese Han population. Genotypes of three variants in 622 controls, 579 CHD, and 546 IS patients were determined by the Snapshot technology...
February 28, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Ning-Yin Li, Xiu-Li Li, Xiao-Ping Zhai, Qiong-Ying Wang, Xiao-Wei Zhang, Feng Zhao, Xiao-Feng Wang, Jian-Yun Fan, Feng Bai, Jing Yu
To explore the effect of Mongolia Astragali Radix produced in Longxi of Gansu province in protecting cardiac and nephritic functions of patients of essential hypertension(EH) with metabolic syndrome(MetS). A total of two hundred and twenty-six EH patients with MetS aged above 18 were selected. Patients were randomly divided to control group(adopted conventional medical treatment), Astragali Radix group 1(added Astragali Radix capsules 10 g•d⁻¹ besides conventional medical treatment) and Astragali Radix group 2(added Astragali Radix capsules 5 g•d⁻¹ besides conventional medical treatment)...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Lu Huang, Yongjie Zhang, Chenguang Xu, Xiaomei Gu, Linlin Niu, Jinzhi Wang, Xiaoyu Sun, Xiaoming Bai, Xingtian Xuan, Qubei Li, Chunwei Shi, Bing Yu, Heather Miller, Gangyi Yang, Lisa S Westerberg, Wanli Liu, Wenxia Song, Xiaodong Zhao, Chaohong Liu
As the central hub of the metabolism machinery, the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) has been well studied in lymphocytes. As an obligatory component of mTORC2, the role of Rictor in T cells is well established. However, the role of Rictor in B cells still remains elusive. Rictor is involved in B cell development, especially the peripheral development. However, the role of Rictor on B cell receptor (BCR) signaling as well as the underlying cellular and molecular mechanism is still unknown. This study used B cell-specfic Rictor knockout (KO) mice to investigate how Rictor regulates BCR signaling...
August 2017: PLoS Biology
Ying Wang, Shuai Wang, Yongrui Bao, Tianjiao Li, Xin Chang, Guanlin Yang, Xiansheng Meng
BACKGROUND: Gastric ulcer is a common chronic disease in human digestive system, which is difficult to cure, easy to relapse, and endangers human health seriously. Compared with western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine has a unique advantage in improving the general situation, stablizing medical condition, and with little side effects. Glycyrrhiza known as "king of all the medicine", has a range of pharmacological activities and is commonly used in a variety of proprietary Chinese medicines and formulations...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Pooja Sharma, Dhruba K Bhattacharyya, Jugal Kalita
Advancement in science has tended to improve treatment of fatal diseases such as cancer. A major concern in the area is the spread of cancerous cells, technically refered to as metastasis into other organs beyond the primary organ. Treatment in such a stage of cancer is extremely difficult and usually palliative only. In this study, we focus on finding gene-gene network modules which are functionally similar in nature in the case of breast cancer. These modules extracted during the disease progression stages are analyzed using p-value and their associated pathways...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Lingxiao Cheng, Yuchen Jin, Min Liu, Maomei Ruan, Libo Chen
Redifferentiation therapy with BRAF/MEK inhibitors to facilitate treatment with radioiodine represents a good choice for radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid carcinoma, but recent initial clinical outcomes were modest. MAPK rebound caused by BRAF/MEK inhibitors-induced activation of HER2/HER3 is a resistance mechanism, and combination with HER inhibitor to prevent MAPK rebound may sensitize BRAFV600E-mutant thyroid cancer cells to redifferentiation therapy. To evaluate if inhibiting both BRAF/MEK and HER can produce stronger redifferetiation effect, we tested the effects of BRAF/MEK inhibitor dabrafenib/selumetinib alone or in combination with HER inhibitor lapatinib on the expression and function of iodine- and glucose-handling genes in BRAFV600E-positive BCPAP and K1 cells, using BHP 2-7 cells harboring RET/PTC1 rearrangement as control...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Fei Wang, Jiayao Zhao, Da Liu, Tong Zhao, Zeming Lu, Lin Zhu, Lingling Cao, Jiaxing Yang, Jingji Jin, Yong Cai
Capsaicin (CAP) is the major pungent component of chili pepper and is being evaluated for use against numerous types of tumors. Although CAP is indicated to target multiple signaling pathways, exact mechanisms of how it disturb cancer cell metablism remain obscure. Recent studies revealed Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) serves as a potential target of CAP in cancer cells, indicating a direct regulation of cancer cell histone acetylation by capsaicin. The present study evaluated the effect of CAP on gastric cancer (GC) cell lines to understand the mechanism of cell growth inhibition...
November 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Mieko Kimura
Manganese is a metal that has been known named a Greek word "Magnesia" meaning magnesia nigra from Roman Empire. Manganese provide the wide range of metablic function and the multiple abnomalities from its deficiency or toxicity. In 1931, the essentiality of manganese was demonstrated with the authoritative poor growth and declined reproduction in its deficiency. Manganese deficiency has been recognized in a number of species and its signs are impaired growth, impaired reproduction, ataxia, skeletal abnormalities and disorders in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism...
July 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Wu Li, Jianhua Liu, Umair Ashraf, Gaoke Li, Yuliang Li, Wenjia Lu, Lei Gao, Fuguang Han, Jianguang Hu
γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an endogenous signaling molecule and involved in growth regulations and plant development, however, a little information is available on the consequences of exogenous GABA application on growth, development, and associated physio-biochemical processes in maize. The present study examined the GABA-induced regulations in early growth, net photosynthetic rate, gas exchange, osmoregulation, and enzymatic activities in three maize cultivars, i.e., Yuecainuo 6, Zhengtian 68, and Yuecainuo 2...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Juan Chen, Jun Deng, Yu-yan Zhang, Jian-guo Li, Fei-yu Wu, Hai-tong Wan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Danshensu on the lipid metabolism of hyperlipidemic rats. METHOD: Sixty clean male SD rats were selected. Twelve of them were selected in the basic control group and fed with common foods, and the remaining rats were fed with the high-fat feeds. After the successful modeling, they were randomly divided into the high-fat control group and low dose (10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)), medium dose (20 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) and high dose (40 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) Danshensu (dissolved in saline) groups...
January 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Liquan Wu, Zhou Taohua, Wenbin Gui, Lisen Xu, Juan Li, YanFeng Ding
Heat stress hurts rice, and floral organs are mostly sensitive to heat stress. We aimed to unravel molecular responses to heat stress in rice floral organs using Illumina/Solexa sequencing technology for addressing the increasing concern of globle warming. At meiophase of the pollen mother cell (pulvinus flat), the plants were stressed for 3 d at 38 C, and RNA was extracted from the stressed pistil and stamen for RNA-Seq sequencing to build the heat stress transcriptom library. A total of 7178 defferentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the normal and heat stress libraries were significant, 61% up-regulated and 39% down-regulated...
July 31, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yan-Jin Chen, Yu-Guang Wang, Zeng-Chun Ma, Cheng-Rong Xiao, Hong-Ling Tan, Qian-De Liang, Xiang-Lin Tang, Yong-Hong Zhao, Dong-Gen Wang, Yue Gao
To study the effect of Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) on liver drug metabolic enzyme activity, mRNA and protein expressions in rats. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into nine groups. After administration of the test drugs, their liver microsomes, liver total RNA and total protein were extracted to detect the regulating effect of PNS on liver drug metabolic enzyme activity-related subtype enzymatic activity, mRNA and protein expression by substrate probe, quantitative PCR and Western Blot technology...
October 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ting Yan, Lingling Li, Qinyan Wu, Xiang Gao, Pinjin Hu, Qing He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in body composition between Crohn's disease(CD) patients and healthy subjects as well as the characteristics of human body composition in various types of CD. METHODS: A total of 57 CD patients were prospectively selected from the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University as the study group, while 51 healthy subjects as the control group. Protein content, mineral content, fat content, lean body mass, waist circumference, and hip circumference in the two groups were measured by body composition analyzer...
October 2014: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Masahiro Yamamoto, Toshitsugu Sugimoto
Bone metablism of glucocorticoid-induced osteopororsis (GIO) is characterised by transient increase in bone resorption and persistent suppression of bone formation caused by glucocorticoid. Teriparatide is an ideal drug for GIO, because of antagonistic effect against that pathophysiological conditions. Based on new findings of treatment for GIO around the world, teriparatide was selected as one of alternative drugs of the first line agents for GIO in revised version of the guidelines on the management and treatment of GIO of the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research : 2014 update...
September 2014: Clinical Calcium
F Ortun O, J Arbizu, S Cervera
An F-18-FDG-PET study of a pair of monozygotic twins with recent-onset schizophrenia revealed a higher index of metabolic asymmetry (IA) in the medial and posterior thalamus in both cases. Some questions regarding the influence of neuroleptic treatment and handedness on metablic patterns and the role of the thalamus in schizophrenia are discussed in the light of recent studies.
1998: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Lijing Cai, Jiawen Liu, Lanlin Li, Shaolin Yang, Jian Yang, Qizhi Zhang, Wenxing Peng
OBJECTIVE: To study the pharmacokinetics and brain/plasma concentration ratio of nortriptyline at multiple doses in mice which were pre-treated with physiological saline, piperine and verapamil. METHODS: A total of 216 male Kun Ming mice [(25±3) g] were equally divided into 4 groups randomly. Each group was intragastrically administered physiological saline (B), piperine (170 μg/ kg), piperine (5 mg/kg) and verapamil (5 mg/kg) for 8 days. On the 8th day, 1 h after giving the above drugs, each mice was intraperitoneally injected nortriptyline (13 mg/kg)...
April 2014: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Xiayu Wu, Tianning Zou, Neng Cao, Juan Ni, Weijiang Xu, Tao Zhou, Xu Wang
BACKGROUND: Folate plays a pivotal role in DNA synthesis, repair, methylation and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism. Therefore, alterations in the folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism may lead to abnormal methylation proliferation, increases of tumor/neoplasia and vein thrombosis/cardiovascular risk. The serine hydroxymethyhransferase (SHMT), methionine synthase (MS), methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) and cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) regulate key reactions in the folate and Hcy metabolism...
2014: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
Qing-Wei Ruan, Zhuo-Wei Yu, Yong-Xing Ma
Nonhuman primate rhesus monkey is a ideal model for human aging and aging intervention. Same with human aging, rehesus monkey demonstrates age-related aging and diseases in endocrine, neural, immune and cardiovascular system. Coloric restriction can slow down the primary and secondry aging efficently. The mechanism may be to suppress the oxidative stress-inflammaging-DNA damage by mediating the nutrient sensitive metablic signal pathways, and activate damaged DNA repair. However, the differeces of study design, husbandry and diet composition may differently affect CR against the the primary and secondry effects in a long-lived nonhuman primate...
February 2013: Sheng Li Ke Xue Jin Zhan [Progress in Physiology]
L E Bernstein, J R Helm, J C Rocha, M F Almeida, F Feillet, R M Link, M Gizewska
BACKGROUND: Three international surveys were developed aiming to identify the current nutrition educational tools used in the management of phenylketonuria (PKU) and the perceived effectiveness of these tools by clinicians, parents and patients. METHODS: The first two surveys were distributed through the Metabolic Dietitians ListServe (, and the third survey was distributed by international clinics and the National PKU Alliance website (www...
April 2014: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
B M Chassy, E M Gibson, A Guiffrida
Lac variants ofLactobacillus casei subsp.casei DR1002 (formerly 64H) have been produced using acriflavin, ethidium bromide, mitomycin C, or combinations of these agents. Two successive transfers in the presence of acriflavin and mitomycin C or ethidium bromide and mitomycin C resulted in nearly a 100% loss of lactose fermentation. Cesium chloride-ethidium bromide isopycnic gradient ultracentrifugal analysis of purified lysates demonstrated that the 23-mdal plasmid (pDR101) found inL. casei DR1002 was consistently absent in Lac(-) clones...
1978: Current Microbiology
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