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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792883/plasma-n-glycan-signatures-associate-with-features-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#1
Florent Clerc, Mislav Novokmet, Viktoria Dotz, Karli R Reiding, Noortje de Haan, Guinevere S M Kammeijer, Hans Dalebout, Marco R Bladergroen, Frano Vukovic, Erdmann Rapp, Stephan R Targan, Gildardo Barron, Natalia Manetti, Anna Latiano, Dermot P B McGovern, Vito Annese, Gordan Lauc, Manfred Wuhrer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Biomarkers are needed for early detection of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) or to predict patient outcomes. Glycosylation is a common and complex post-translational modification of proteins that affects their structure and activity. We compared plasma N-glycosylation profiles between patients with CD or UC and healthy individuals (controls). METHODS: We analyzed the total plasma N-glycomes of 2635 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases and 996 controls by mass spectrometry with a linkage-specific sialic acid derivatization technique...
May 21, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792296/-it-s-totally-okay-to-be-sad-but-never-lose-hope-content-analysis-of-infertility-related-videos-on-youtube-in-relation-to-viewer-preferences
#2
Margot Kelly-Hedrick, Paul H Grunberg, Felicia Brochu, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Infertility patients frequently use the internet to find fertility-related information and support from people in similar circumstances. YouTube is increasingly used as a source of health-related information and may influence health decision making. There have been no studies examining the content of infertility-related videos on YouTube. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe the content of highly viewed videos on YouTube related to infertility and (2) identify video characteristics that relate to viewer preference...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786658/melatonin-as-a-therapy-for-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review-of-published-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Nicole Osier, Emily McGreevy, Lan Pham, Ava Puccio, Dianxu Ren, Yvette P Conley, Sheila Alexander, C Edward Dixon
Melatonin (MEL) is a hormone that is produced in the brain and is known to bind to MEL-specific receptors on neuronal membranes in several brain regions. MEL's documented neuroprotective properties, low toxicity, and ability to cross the blood-brain-barrier have led to its evaluation for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), a condition for which there are currently no Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved therapies. The purpose of this manuscript is to summarize the evidence surrounding the use of melatonin after TBI, as well as identify existing gaps and future directions...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770100/lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-quebec-re-emergence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
C A Boutin, S Venne, M Fiset, C Fortin, D Murphy, A Severini, C Martineau, J Longtin, A C Labbé
Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes L1 , L2 and L3 . This LGV is associated with significant morbidity and increased risk of HIV transmission. While fewer than two cases per year were reported in Quebec before 2005, LGV emerged in 2005-2006 with 69 cases, followed by a period of low incidence (2007-2012), and subsequent re-emergence since 2013. Objectives: To describe the incidence of LGV in Quebec and the characteristics of the affected population, including demographics and risk factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatments and reinfection rates...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768277/the-brief-sexual-symptom-checklist-as-a-screening-tool-for-sex-related-problems-in-the-primary-care-setting-focus-on-erectile-dysfunction
#5
Javier Romero Otero, Borja García Gómez, José Medina Polo, Esther García Rojo, Eduardo García Cruz, Francois Peinado, Raquel Sopeña Sutil, Giorgio Bozzini, Alfredo Rodríguez Antolín
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of the Brief Sexual Symptom Checklist for men (BSSC-M) questionnaire in General Practitioner's (GP) consults in Spain. METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted in Spain among men ≥50 years, visiting a GP for any reason, and being able to answer self-administered questionnaires. Patients receiving medicines for erectile dysfunction (ED) and those with poor functional status were excluded. Sexual satisfaction was assessed by the BSSC-M, ED by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM), and quality of life (QoL) using a 5-point Likert scale...
May 16, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762449/time-to-procedure-nuclear-imaging-and-clinicopathological-characteristics-as-predictive-factors-for-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-in-cutaneous-melanoma-a-single-center-analysis
#6
Ljiljana Jaukovic, Milica Rajović, Lidija Kandolf Sekulovic, Marija Radulovic, Nenad Stepic, Zeljko Mijuskovic, Nenad Petrov, Boris Ajdinovic
OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a widely accepted staging procedure for cutaneous melanoma patients who are at risk of clinically occult nodal metastases. Numerous predictive factors for regional lymph node metastases have been identified; however, few have been found to be reproducibly significant. Also, the role of blue dye in identification was questioned in recent trials. Time to procedure was also found to be predictive of SLN positivity, but this was not confirmed in other studies...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754981/dialysis-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-have-significantly-increased-odds-of-perioperative-adverse-events-independent-of-demographic-and-comorbidity-factors
#7
Taylor D Ottesen, Cheryl K Zogg, Monique S Haynes, Rohil Malpani, Kirthi S Bellamkonda, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dialysis-dependent patients is growing, and an increasing number of these patients are being considered for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Studies assessing the preoperative risk associated with TKA in this population are limited to institutional cohorts with small sample sizes or national inpatient databases that lack follow-up data. METHODS: The 2006-2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program databases were queried for adult patients undergoing elective TKA...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731671/the-level-of-observed-physical-movement-accompanying-periodic-limb-movements-measured-in-a-clinical-sleep-population
#8
Robert G Hooper
Study objectives: Periodic limb movements (PLMs) are routinely measured during polysomnogram (PSG) testing. During the early years of sleep testing, physical movements were identified and over time, consensus ultimately led to the current definitions of movement disorders including criteria used to measure PLMs on PSG testing. There has been considerable debate about the clinical importance of the PLMs measured during PSG testing. Over the last decade, the author has observed significant variations in the actual visible physical movements observed with a PLM event...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703703/assessing-the-utility-of-the-spinal-instability-neoplastic-score-sins-to-predict-fracture-after-conventional-radiation-therapy-rt-for-spinal-metastases
#9
Diana D Shi, Lauren M Hertan, Tai Chung Lam, Sonia Skamene, John H Chi, Michael Groff, Charles H Cho, Marco L Ferrone, Mitchel Harris, Yu-Hui Chen, Tracy A Balboni
PURPOSE: Assessing the stability of spinal metastases is critical for making treatment decisions. The spinal instability neoplastic score (SINS) was developed by the Spine Oncology Study Group to categorize tumor-related lesions; however, data describing its utility in predicting fractures in patients with spinal metastases are limited. The purpose of this study is to assess the validity of SINS in predicting new or worsening fracture after radiation therapy (RT) to spine metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients treated with conventional RT alone (median total dose, 30 Gy; range, 8-47 Gy; median number of fractions, 10; range, 1-25) for spinal metastasis at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center from 2006 to 2013...
February 13, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703161/survival-and-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-melanoma-brain-metastasis-in-the-era-of-checkpoint-inhibitors-and-targeted-therapies
#10
Elham Vosoughi, Jee Min Lee, James R Miller, Mehdi Nosrati, David R Minor, Roy Abendroth, John W Lee, Brian T Andrews, Lewis Z Leng, Max Wu, Stanley P Leong, Mohammed Kashani-Sabet, Kevin B Kim
BACKGROUND: Melanoma brain metastasis is associated with an extremely poor prognosis, with a median overall survival of 4-5 months. Since 2011, the overall survival of patients with stage IV melanoma has been significantly improved with the advent of new targeted therapies and checkpoint inhibitors. We analyze the survival outcomes of patients diagnosed with brain metastasis after the introduction of these novel drugs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of our melanoma center database and identified 79 patients with brain metastasis between 2011 and 2015...
April 27, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699575/sex-differences-in-relationships-between-metabolic-syndrome-components-and-factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-adults-living-in-the-community-a-cross-sectional-study-in-taiwan
#11
Cheng-Chieh Liu, Hsiao-Ting Chang, Shu-Chiung Chiang, Harn-Shen Chen, Ming-Hwai Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a widespread condition with important effects on public health, in general. There is a lack of relevant research on possible sex differences in the relationship between MetS and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and also the sex differences in factors associated with HRQoL. The aims of this study were to identify: 1) whether women exhibit greater negative impacts on physical domain HRQoL from MetS compared with men; 2) whether women exhibit greater mental domain impacts compared with men; and 3) whether factors associated with HRQoL scores are different for men and women...
April 27, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661347/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-microvascular-and-macrovascular-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-mellitus
#12
Mei-Yueh Lee, Pi-Jung Hsiao, Jiun-Chi Huang, Wei-Hao Hsu, Szu-Chia Chen, Shyi-Jang Shin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is high. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MetS and micro- and macrovascular disease in patients with diabetes and the associated risk factors. METHODS: The study enrolled 1,986 (854 men and 1,132 women) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from outpatient clinics. MetS was defined according to the Adult Treatment Panel III for Asians...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650561/meta-analysis-of-airway-epithelia-gene-expression-in-asthma
#13
Yi-Hsuan Tsai, Joel S Parker, Ivana V Yang, Samir N P Kelada
Differential gene expression in the airway epithelium of asthmatics vs. controls has been reported in several studies. However, there is no consensus on which genes are reproducibly affected in asthma. We sought to identify a consensus list of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) using a meta-analysis approach.We identified eight studies with data that met defined inclusion criteria. In total, these studies were comprised of 355 cases and 193 controls and involved sampling of either bronchial or nasal epithelium...
April 12, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649281/classification-for-long-term-survival-in-oligometastatic-patients-treated-with-ablative-radiotherapy-a-multi-institutional-pooled-analysis
#14
Julian C Hong, Diandra N Ayala-Peacock, Jason Lee, A William Blackstock, Paul Okunieff, Max W Sung, Ralph R Weichselbaum, Johnny Kao, James J Urbanic, Michael T Milano, Steven J Chmura, Joseph K Salama
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is increasingly used to treat oligometastatic patients. We sought to identify prognostic criteria in oligometastatic patients undergoing definitive hypofractionated image-guided radiotherapy (HIGRT). METHODS: Exclusively extracranial oligometastatic patients treated with HIGRT were pooled. Characteristics including age, sex, primary tumor type, interval to metastatic diagnosis, number of treated metastases and organs, metastatic site, prior systemic therapy for primary tumor treatment, prior definitive metastasis-directed therapy, and systemic therapy for metastasis associated with overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and treated metastasis control (TMC) were assessed by the Cox proportional hazards method...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608022/ivermectin-and-permethrin-for-treating-scabies
#15
REVIEW
Stefanie Rosumeck, Alexander Nast, Corinna Dressler
BACKGROUND: Scabies is an intensely itchy parasitic infection of the skin. It occurs worldwide, but is particularly problematic in areas of poor sanitation, overcrowding, and social disruption. In recent years, permethrin and ivermectin have become the most relevant treatment options for scabies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of topical permethrin and topical or systemic ivermectin for scabies in people of all ages. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to 25 April 2017: the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, and IndMED...
April 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607817/lung-cancer-epidemiology-among-the-bahraini-population-1998-2011
#16
Najat Mohamed Abulfateh, Randah R Hamadeh, Majida Fikree
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries among males and the third among females. It is the commonest cancer among Bahraini males accounting for 16.9% of all cancers and the third in Bahraini females contributing to 5.8 % of all female cancers. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of lung cancer among the Bahraini population during the period 1998-2011. METHODS: All Bahraini registered lung cancer cases in the national cancer registry from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2011 were included in the study...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603111/perceived-social-norms-about-oral-prep-use-differences-between-african-american-latino-and-white-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-texas
#17
Phillip W Schnarrs, Danielle Gordon, Ryan Martin-Valenzuela, Thankam Sunil, Adolph J Delgado, David Glidden, Jeffrey T Parsons, Joe McAdams
Correct and consistent condom use has been the primary method of HIV prevention until the FDA approve the use of PrEP in 2012. While strong evidence existing regarding the efficacy of PrEP, uptake has remained slower than anticipated. While work is underway to better understand the factors impacting uptake, the majority of this work as been focused on white gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) living in metropolitan regions of the coastal U.S. The current study used a community-based framework to assess perceived social norms through a elicitation survey...
March 30, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600907/posterior-approach-single-level-apical-spinal-osteotomy-in-pediatric-patients-for-severe-rigid-kyphoscoliosis-long-term-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes
#18
Ankit Patel, Sameer Ruparel, Tarun Dusad, Gaurav Mehta, Vishal Kundnani
OBJECTIVE Spinal osteotomy in pediatric patients is challenging due to various factors. For correction of severe rigid kyphoscoliosis in children, numerous techniques with anterior or posterior or combined approaches, as well as multilevel osteotomies, have been described. These techniques are associated with prolonged operative times and large amounts of blood loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologically confirmed efficacy of a modification of the apical spinal osteotomy (ASO) technique-posterior-only single-level asymmetric closing osteotomy-in pediatric patients with severe rigid kyphoscoliosis...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587522/surgical-treatment-of-pulmonary-metastasis-report-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#19
Waleed Saleh, Abdullah AlShammari, Jumana Sarraj, Omniyah AlAshgar, Mohamed Hussein Ahmed, Khaled AlKattan
Objective This retrospective analysis aimed to determine the factors influencing prognosis in adult patients who presented to our thoracic surgery service with lung metastases and were eligible for pulmonary metastasectomy. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the data of 296 patients who underwent resection of 575 lung metastases from January 2000 to January 2016. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed based on age, sex, histology of the primary tumor, disease-free interval, number and size of metastases...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569965/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-cervical-lymph-node-metastases-in-patients-with-sporadic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma
#20
Weina Fan, Cheng Xiao, Fusheng Wu
Objective Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is classified as either sporadic or inherited. This study was performed to analyze the risk factors for cervical lymph node metastases and predict the indication for prophylactic lateral neck dissection in patients with sporadic MTC. Methods Sixty-five patients with sporadic MTC were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate analysis with the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis were applied to identify the clinicopathological features (sex, age, tumor size, number of tumor foci, capsule or vascular invasion, and others) associated with cervical lymph node metastases...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
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