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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350102/preoperative-clinical-and-sonographic-predictors-for-lateral-cervical-lymph-node-metastases-in-sporadic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma
#1
Hye-Seon Oh, Hyemi Kwon, Eyun Song, MinJi Jeon, Dong Eun Song, Tae Yong Kim, Jeong Hyun Lee, Suck Joon Hong, Won Bae Kim, YoungKee Shong, Jung Hwan Baek, Won Gu Kim
<b><i>Background</i></b> Total thyroidectomy and cervical lymph node (LN) dissection is generally recommended in patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). However, there is no clear evidence for whom to perform prophylactic lateral neck dissection in MTC patients without evident lateral cervical lymph node (LCLN) metastasis in preoperative images. This study evaluated the preoperative features for predicting the LCLN metastasis of MTC. <b><i>Methods</i></b> We included 26 MTC patients with LCLN metastasis at initial surgery (N1b group) and 47 MTC patients without any LN metastasis or recurrence of disease (N0-NED group)...
January 19, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334522/themes-in-literature-related-to-incidence-risk-and-prevention-of-cancer-in-solid-organ-transplantation-recipients-on-immunosuppressive-therapy
#2
Stefanie L Rashti
BACKGROUND: Solid-organ transplants provide a second chance to thousands of critically ill patients with end-organ failure each year. Immunosuppressants are administered to patients to prevent graft rejection of a transplanted organ, such as a heart, kidney, or liver, while placing the recipient at greater risk for infection and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The literature provides evidence of various cancers that have been found to develop in patients' posttransplantation...
January 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331602/a-cross-continental-analysis-of-weight-gain-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-use-during-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-the-international-study-on-physical-illness-in-mentally-ill
#3
Christina Engelke, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Stephanie Peter, Kai G Kahl, Karel Frasch, Jens I Larsen, Graziella G Bickel, Bernhard Bork, Bent A Jacobsen, Signe O Wallenstein-Jensen, Christoph Lauber, Birthe Mogensen, Jørgen A Nielsen, Wulf Rössler, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kristian L Toftegaard, Ulla A Andersen, Richard Uwakwe, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Joachim Cordes
Weight gain among psychiatric inpatients is a widespread phenomenon. This change in body mass index (BMI) can be caused by several factors. Based on recent research, we assume the following factors are related to weight gain during psychiatric inpatient treatment: psychiatric medication, psychiatric diagnosis, sex, age, weight on admission and geographic region of treatment. 876 of originally recruited 2328 patients met the criteria for our analysis. Patients were recruited and examined in mental health care centres in Nigeria (N = 265), Japan (N = 145) and Western-Europe (Denmark, Germany and Switzerland; N = 466)...
December 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326194/association-of-erythrocyte-parameters-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-pearl-river-delta-region-of-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ling Ling Huang, Dong-Mei Dou, Nan Liu, Xiao Xiao Wang, Li-Ying Fu, Xiao Wu, Peixi Wang
OBJECTIVE: Increasing studies have reported that erythrocyte parameters, including red blood cells (RBCs), haematocrit (HCT), haemoglobin (Hb) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW), are associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adults worldwide. However, the association, stratified by sex, remains to be elucidated, particularly in the Pearl River Delta region of China. Therefore, our aim was to explore the association of erythrocyte parameters with MetS, stratified by sex, in the Pearl River Delta region of China...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320584/the-male-aesthetic-patient-facial-anatomy-concepts-of-attractiveness-and-treatment-patterns
#5
Terrence C Keaney, Robert Anolik, André Braz, Michael Eidelman, Joseph A Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Derek H Jones, Vic A Narurkar, Anthony M Rossi, Conor J Gallagher
<p>BACKGROUND: The number of nonsurgical aesthetic procedures performed in men is growing rapidly. However, there are limited data on treatment principles and goals for the male aesthetic patient.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: To review the objective data available on male aging and aesthetics and to synthesize with expert opinion on treatment considerations specific to male patients.</p> <p>METHODS: Expert advisors met to discuss anatomical differences in male versus female facial anatomy related to aging, facial treatment preferences in aesthetically oriented men, and current dosing data for facial injectable treatments in male versus female patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301782/diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-brain-metastasis-from-lung-cancer-correlation-of-mri-parameters-with-the-histologic-type-and-gene-mutation-status
#6
W S Jung, C H Park, C-K Hong, S H Suh, S J Ahn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Development of noninvasive imaging biomarkers indicating the histology and the gene mutation status of brain metastasis from lung cancer is important. We aimed to investigate diffusion-weighted imaging parameters as predictors of the histology and gene mutations of brain metastasis from lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DWI data for 74 patients with brain metastasis from lung cancer were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were first grouped according to the primary tumor histology (adenocarcinoma, small-cell lung cancer, squamous cell carcinoma), and those with adenocarcinoma were further divided into epidermal growth factor receptor (EFGR) mutation-positive and wild type groups...
January 4, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278722/the-association-of-uric-acid-with-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-arterial-hypertension-or-diabetes-in-young-subjects-an-observational-study
#7
Yuan-Yuei Chen, Tung-Wei Kao, Hui-Fang Yang, Cheng-Wai Chou, Chen-Jung Wu, Ching-Huang Lai, Yu-Shan Sun, Chung-Ching Wang, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies are available to shed some light on the association between uric acid (UA) and cardiovascular diseases. However, there have been few studies to support a causal link between UA, metabolic syndrome (MetS), diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) in young subjects. METHODS: From the Health Examination Registration System of Taiwanese military service during the period 2013-2015, there were 46,561 eligible participants who were 20years old or older in our study...
December 23, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277711/western-validation-of-a-novel-gastric-cancer-prognosis-prediction-model-in-us-gastric-cancer-patients
#8
Yanghee Woo, Bryan Goldner, Taeil Son, Kijun Song, Yuman Fong, Woo Jin Hyung
BACKGROUND: A novel prediction model for accurate determination of 5-year overall survival of gastric cancer patients was developed by an international collaborative group (G6+). This prediction model was created using a single institution's database of 11,851 Korean patients and included readily available and clinically relevant factors. Already validated using external East Asian cohorts; its' applicability in the American population was yet to be determined. STUDY DESIGN: Using the SEER dataset, 2014 release, all patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection between 2002 and 2012 were selected...
December 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276162/hpv-unvaccinated-status-and-hpv-sexual-risk-behaviour-are-common-among-canadian-young-adult-women-and-men
#9
Melanie Zimmermann, Taylor Kohut, William A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The current research focuses on sexual risk behaviour among young adult Canadians who have not been vaccinated against HPV. METHODS: Six hundred and forty-six Canadian university undergraduates completed a self-administered survey assessing HPV vaccination status and sexual risk behaviour. RESULTS: Five hundred and thirty-seven participants (154 men and 383 women aged 17-23) who met eligibility criteria were analyzed. 48.5% (n = 185) of female and 89...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275894/ambulatory-surgery-under-local-anesthesia-for-parathyroid-adenoma-feasibility-and-outcome
#10
A Benhami, E Chuffart, N Christou, S Liva-Yonnet, M Mathonnet
The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of ambulatory parathyroid resection performed under local anesthesia (LA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Outpatients undergoing parathyroid adenoma resection by a focused approach under LA were included. Results were evaluated by intraoperative serum parathormone levels (ioPTH) and the balance of phosphate and calcium postoperatively, at 3 months, 1 year and at the point date. The quality of ambulatory care was evaluated by the number of cancelled interventions, the number of patients hospitalized after surgery or during the first postoperative month...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245941/tumor-associated-macrophages-promote-tumor-metastasis-via-the-tgf-%C3%AE-sox9-axis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Shuai Zhang, Dehai Che, Fang Yang, Chunling Chi, Hongxue Meng, Jing Shen, Li Qi, Fang Liu, Liyan Lv, Yue Li, Qingwei Meng, Junning Liu, Lihua Shang, Yan Yu
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), most of which display the immunosuppressive M2 phenotype, affect the tumor microenvironment and promote progression and metastasis in lung carcinoma. In this study, we analyzed clinical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) samples and found that high densities of TAMs were associated with a poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. Moreover, the number of TAMs present correlated positively with expression of sex determining region Y (SRY)-related high mobility group box 9 (SOX9) in NSCLC tissues...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235531/circulating-bone-morphogenetic-protein-9-in-relation-to-metabolic-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance
#12
Xiaohui Xu, Xiaoqiang Li, Gangyi Yang, Ling Li, Wenjing Hu, Lili Zhang, Hua Liu, Hongting Zheng, Minghong Tan, Danping Zhu
Our objective is to determine circulating Bone morphogenetic protein-9(BMP-9) levels in subjects with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and examine the relationship between BMP-9 and conventional markers for MetS and insulin resistance (IR). A total of 362 newly diagnosed patients with MetS along with healthy controls were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Circulating BMP-9 levels were measured by ELISA. Circulating BMP-9 levels were significantly lower in MetS patients compared to those of the healthy controls...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229895/prevalence-and-predictors-of-myocardial-ischemia-by-preoperative-myocardial-perfusion-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-in-patients-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery
#13
Abdelkareem Saleh Al-Oweidi, Hesham Albabtain, Suleiman M Kharabsheh, Peter Kimme, Mahmoud Almustafa, Samer Seder, Mohamed Shoukri, Ahmed L Fathala
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and predictors of myocardial ischemia before noncardiac surgery are unknown. In addition the predictive value of myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) before noncardiac in individual patients is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the prevalence and predictors of myocardial ischemia before noncardiac surgery, and determine the postoperative cardiac outcome based on results of myocardial perfusion SPECT. DESIGN: Retrospective...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219104/adherence-to-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-and-associations-with-social-cognitive-development-among-australian-preschool-children
#14
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart A Vella, Steven J Howard, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: The new Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years recommend that, for preschoolers, a healthy 24-h includes: i) ≥180 min of physical activity, including ≥60 min of energetic play, ii) ≤1 h of sedentary screen time, and iii) 10-13 h of good quality sleep. Using an Australian sample, this study reports the proportion of preschool children meeting these guidelines and investigates associations with social-cognitive development. METHODS: Data from 248 preschool children (mean age = 4...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215166/effectiveness-of-platelet-rich-plasma-therapy-in-wound-healing-of-pilonidal-sinus-surgery-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Shayan Mostafaei, Fatemeh Norooznezhad, Saeed Mohammadi, Amir Hossein Norooznezhad
BACKGROUND: Pilonidal disease (PD) is a chronic situation which may cause pain, discomfort, inflammation, discharges, and inability to do daily routines. Among two main methods of surgery, open healing is preferred by surgeons since it associates with lower risk of recurrence; however, it could complicate the wound condition by delaying the healing process. METHODS: For this meta-analysis, a search in Medline, Embase and Scopus was performed in June 2017 with no restrictions placed on the publication date or languages...
December 7, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201945/the-physiology-of-adolescent-sexual-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#16
Jan Pringle, Kathryn L Mills, John McAteer, Ruth Jepson, Emma Hogg, Neil Anand, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
Objectives: To examine physiological influences of adolescent sexual behaviour, including associated psychosocial factors. Methods: Systematic review. Results: Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria relating to adolescents, physiology and sexual behaviour. We excluded studies relating to abnormal development. Findings highlighted hormonal and gender differences. Females appear to be more influenced by psychosocial aspects, including the effects of peers, than males. Males may be more inclined to engage in unprotected sex with a greater number of partners...
January 2017: Cogent Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189288/clinicopathologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-mesonephric-adenocarcinoma-arising-from-the-uterine-body
#17
Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
Mesonephric adenocarcinoma (MNAC) is a rare tumor of the female genital tract mainly occurring in the uterine cervix. To date, only a few cases of MNAC arising from of the uterine body (UB-MNAC) have been reported. The clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics of UB-MNAC remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the clinical, histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and genetic features of UB-MNAC. In total, 11 cases were included. Six patients developed metastatic disease, most commonly in lungs (5/6)...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183833/uncontrolled-donation-programs-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-an-estimation-of-potential-donors
#18
Jose Maria Navalpotro-Pascual, Alfredo Echarri-Sucunza, Alonso Mateos-Rodríguez, Francisco Peinado-Vallejo, Patricia Fernández Del Valle, Daniel Alonso-Moreno, Carmen Del Pozo-Pérez, María V Mier-Ruiz, Jose Ignacio Ruiz-Azpiazu, José Bravo-Castello, Natalia Martinez-Cuellar, Antonia Sáez-Jiménez, Carmen López-Unanua, Roberto Antón-Ramas, María Del Carmen Escriche-López, Jose Manuel Giraldo-Sebastià, Mª José García-Ochoa, Enrique Martín-Sánchez, Diego Borraz-Clares, Marta Martínez Del Valle, Cristina Carriedo-Scher, Fernando Rosell-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of potential deceased organ donors from out-of- hospital cardiac arrest cases (OHCA) attended by public physician-led emergency medical services in Spain, based on data recorded in the nationwide Spanish OHCA Registry (OHSCAR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed OHSCAR data on deceased OHCA patients in Spain during 13 months (1/10/2013 to 31/10/2014). Variables included age, sex, estimated OHCA time, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) start time and outcome...
November 25, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172648/prevention-of-knee-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-through-the-use-of-neuromuscular-and-proprioceptive-training-an-evidence-based-review
#19
Lucas Dargo, Kelsey J Robinson, Kenneth E Games
Reference/Citation:  Donnell-Fink LA, Klara K, Collins JE, et al. Effectiveness of knee injury and anterior cruciate ligament tear prevention programs: a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2015;10(12)e0144063. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Is neuromuscular and proprioceptive training effective in preventing knee and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries? DATA SOURCES:   The authors searched CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE/EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science databases from 1996 through December 2014 and limited the results to peer-reviewed manuscripts published in English...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151898/validity-of-a-continuous-metabolic-syndrome-score-as-an-index-for-modeling-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#20
Ramin Heshmat, Motahar Heidari, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Armita Mahdavi-Gorab, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Gita Shafiee, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi
Background: The purpose of the present study was to assess the validity of continuous metabolic syndrome score (cMetS) for predicting metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to determine the cutoff values in a representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. Methods: This national study was conducted among 3843 students, aged 7-18 years country during the fifth survey of a national school-based surveillance program. The cMetS was computed by standardizing the residuals of waist circumference, mean arterial blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose by regressing them according to age and sex and aggregating them...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
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