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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057095/-comparison-of-curative-effect-and-prognosis-analysis-of-patients-with-spinal-metastases-treated-by-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-combined-with-postoperative-radiotherapy-and-radiotherapy-alone
#1
X Y Cao, Y S Liu, M X Lei, S B Liu, S G Zhou, Y C Cao, W G Jiang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) combined with postoperative radiotherapy and radiotherapy alone in the treatment of spinal metastatic tumors and to evaluate the prognostic factors for survival. Methods: From December 2011 to December 2015, according to the choice of treatment, patients in group A(60 cases) were treated with PVP combined with postoperative radiotherapy and those in group B(50 cases) underwent radiotherapy alone, age, sex, primary tumor type , and other basic characteristics were analyzed in both groups in department of orthopedics and radiotherapy department, 307 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053812/outcome-of-gastric-cancer-surgery-in-elderly-patients
#2
Min Sung Kim, Sungsoo Kim
PURPOSE: Owing to increased life expectancy, the number of elderly patients with gastric cancer has increased. This study aimed to identify the outcomes of gastric cancer patients aged 80 years or older through comparison of their clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes, and oncologic outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2006 and December 2013, the records of 478 patients who underwent surgery for gastric cancer were retrospectively evaluated...
December 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043659/ideal-cardiovascular-health-is-associated-with-self-rated-health-status-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#3
Marta Manczuk, Georgeta Vaidean, Mahshid Dehghan, Rajesh Vedanthan, Paolo Boffetta, Witold A Zatonski
BACKGROUND: The concept of ideal cardiovascular health emphasizes a more integrative definition of health to include protective biological factors and behaviors but it has not been investigated in relation to individuals' perspectives on their own health. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data of 10,687 participants, age 45-64years, free of cardiovascular diseases. Ideal cardiovascular health was defined according to the American Heart Association criteria (7 metrics assessed at 3 levels: ideal, intermediate, and poor)...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017974/expectations-for-endoscopic-training-during-gynaecological-specialty-training-results-of-a-germany-wide-survey
#4
L Gabriel, E Solomayer, S Schott, A von Heesen, J Radosa, D Wallwiener, S Rimbach, I Juhasz-Böss
Question: Endoscopy is an integral part of surgical gynaecology and is playing an increasingly important role in ensuring adequate gynaecological training in the context of specialty training in general. At present, little is known about the expectations and notions of young junior doctors with respect to endoscopic training. For this reason, junior doctors throughout Germany were surveyed on this topic and asked to share their opinions. Methods: Using an anonymized standardized survey, the following information was elicited: importance of endoscopic training, willingness to take courses, expectations for instructors and the hospital, ideas about the number of required operations, both as a surgical assistant and as a surgeon, as well as satisfaction with the current status of training...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999275/hiv-other-blood-borne-viruses-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-amongst-expatriates-and-travellers-to-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Gemma Crawford, Roanna Lobo, Graham Brown, Chloe Macri, Hannah Smith, Bruce Maycock
In some high-income countries, a proportion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), other blood-borne virus (BBV) or sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses have been reported as acquired overseas in low- and middle-income countries. A review was conducted to explore HIV, other BBV or STI related knowledge, risk behavior and acquisition amongst expatriates and travelers, particularly males, travelling from high to low- and middle-income countries. Seven academic databases were searched for 26 peer reviewed articles that met inclusion criteria...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998024/prevalence-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-a-population-based-cohort-in-the-united-states
#6
Gabriel Maciel, Cynthia S Crowson, Eric L Matteson, Divi Cornec
Objective To report the point prevalence of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) in the first population-based study performed in the United States. Methods Cases of all potential pSS patients living in Olmsted County, Minnesota on January 1, 2015 were retrieved using the Rochester Epidemiology Project resources, and ascertained by manual medical record review. pSS cases were defined according to physician diagnosis. The use of diagnostic tests was assessed and the performance of classification criteria was evaluated...
December 20, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995358/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-affective-and-interpersonal-instability-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#7
Philip S Santangelo, Julian Koenig, Vera Funke, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Michael Kaess
Affective and interpersonal instability, both core features of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), have been suggested to underlie non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is the method of choice when investigating dynamic processes. Previously no study addressed affective and interpersonal instability in daily life of adolescents engaging in NSSI. Female adolescents with NSSI (n = 26) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 20) carried e-diaries on 2 consecutive weekends and were prompted in hourly intervals to rate their momentary affective state and feelings of attachment towards their mother and best friend...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975042/predictive-values-derived-from-lower-wisdom-teeth-developmental-stages-on-orthopantomograms-to-calculate-the-chronological-age-in-adolescence-and-young-adults-as-a-prerequisite-to-obtain-age-adjusted-informed-patient-consent-prior-to-elective-surgical-procedures
#8
Reinhard E Friedrich, Kirsten Schmidt, András Treszl, Jan F Kersten
Introduction: Surgical procedures require informed patient consent, which is mandatory prior to any procedure. These requirements apply in particular to elective surgical procedures. The communication with the patient about the procedure has to be comprehensive and based on mutual understanding. Furthermore, the informed consent has to take into account whether a patient is of legal age. As a result of large-scale migration, there are eventually patients planned for medical procedures, whose chronological age can't be assessed reliably by physical inspection alone...
2016: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968880/exposure-to-the-chinese-famine-of-1959-61-in-early-life-and-current-health-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Chihua Li, L H Lumey
BACKGROUND: Many middle-aged Chinese people have experienced the Great Leap Forward Famine of 1959-61, which could have profound long-term health consequences for exposed birth cohorts. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise reported famine effects on long-term health. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Chinese Wanfang Data, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases up to December, 2015, for health outcomes related to the Chinese famine, with the keywords "China", "famine", "undernutrition", "Chinese famine", "Great Leap Forward", and "Great famine", and the MESH terms "starvation" or "malnutrition" combined with "China" or "Chinese"...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965922/pulmonary-metastasectomy-in-adult-patients-with-synovial-sarcoma-a-single-center-experience
#10
Kanghoon Lee, Moon Chul Kang, Hae Won Lee, Jong Ho Park, Hee Jong Baek, Sung Joon Cho, Dae-Geun Jeon
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the efficacy of pulmonary metastasectomy for synovial sarcoma in adult patients. METHODS: Fifty patients, diagnosed with pulmonary metastasis from June 1990 to August 2010, were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty-eight patients underwent complete pulmonary metastasectomy, and their survival was evaluated. Age, sex, time to metastatic progression, laterality, number of tumors, size of largest nodule, and number of metastasectomies were analyzed as potential prognostic factors...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940711/diagnosis-and-medication-treatment-of-pediatric-hypertension-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
David C Kaelber, Weiwei Liu, Michelle Ross, A Russell Localio, Janeen B Leon, Wilson D Pace, Richard C Wasserman, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hypertension predisposes children to adult hypertension and early markers of cardiovascular disease. No large-scale studies have examined diagnosis and initial medication management of pediatric hypertension and prehypertension. The objective of this study was to evaluate diagnosis and initial medication management of pediatric hypertension and prehypertension in primary care. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study aggregating electronic health record data on >1...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903988/metabolic-syndrome-in-relation-to-risk-of-meningioma
#12
Corinna Seliger, Christoph R Meier, Claudia Becker, Susan S Jick, Martin Proescholdt, Ulrich Bogdahn, Peter Hau, Michael F Leitzmann
BACKGROUND: Meningioma is a frequent primary intracranial tumor, the etiology of which is potentially related to adiposity. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an increasingly common disease characterized by having at least three of the following conditions: central adiposity, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. Only one prior study investigated MetS in relation to meningioma risk and found a positive association between the two. RESULTS: Among 2,027 cases and 20,269 controls, body mass index was positively associated with meningioma (p-value for trend < 0...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903177/follow-up-results-of-brain-metastasis-patients-undergoing-repeat-gamma-knife-radiosurgery
#13
Takao Koiso, Masaaki Yamamoto, Takuya Kawabe, Shinya Watanabe, Yasunori Sato, Yoshinori Higuchi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Akira Matsumura, Hidetoshi Kasuya
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) without upfront whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) has influenced recent treatment recommendations for brain metastasis patients. However, in brain metastasis patients who undergo SRS alone, new brain metastases inevitably appear with relatively high incidences during post-SRS follow-up. However, little is known about the second SRS results. The treatment results of second SRS were retrospectively reviewed, mainly for newly developed or, uncommonly, for recurrent brain metastases in order to reappraise the efficacy of this treatment strategy with a special focus on the maintenance of neurological status and safety...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895976/microscopic-colitis-in-patients-with-mild-duodenal-damage-a-new-clinical-and-pathological-entity-lymphocytic-enterocolitis
#14
Gabriele Antonio Bonagura, Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone, Sharmila Fagoonee, Nicoletta Sapone, Gian Paolo Caviglia, Giorgio Maria Saracco, Marco Astegiano, Rinaldo Pellicano
AIM: To evaluate the potential association between mild duodenal damage and microscopic colitis (MC). METHODS: We retrospectively included 105 consecutive patients with type I Marsh-Oberhuber duodenal damage and negativity for immunoglobulin A anti-endomysium and anti-tissue transglutaminase. The following parameters were analyzed: Sex, age at execution of esophagogastroduodenoscopy, duodenal damage, and number of intraepithelial lymphocytes at biopsies, prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection, age at execution of colonoscopy, macroscopic and microscopic features of colonoscopy, family history of gastrointestinal and autoimmune diseases, smoking habits, biochemical parameters of inflammation and autoimmunity, use of proton pump inhibitors or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, adverse reactions to drugs or foods, pathologies known to be associated with celiac disease or MC, living on a gluten-free diet or on a gluten-low diet for at least 1 mo...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895019/nephrotoxicity-during-vancomycin-therapy-in-combination-with-piperacillin-tazobactam-or-cefepime
#15
W Cliff Rutter, Jessica N Cox, Craig A Martin, Donna R Burgess, David S Burgess
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have demonstrated that vancomycin (VAN) may lead to an increase in acute kidney injury (AKI) when combined with anti-pseudomonal beta-lactams. This study compared the incidence of AKI associated with VAN plus piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) or cefepime (FEP). METHODS: This was a retrospective, matched cohort study at an academic medical center between September 2010 and September 2014 including adult patients receiving TZP-VAN or FEP-VAN for at least 48 hours and without severe chronic or structural kidney disease, dialysis, pregnancy, cystic fibrosis, or hospital transfer...
November 28, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880823/will-gay-sex-seeking-mobile-phone-applications-facilitate-group-sex-a-cross-sectional-online-survey-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#16
Weiming Tang, Songyuan Tang, Yilu Qin, Ye Zhang, Wei Zhang, Chuncheng Liu, Lai Sze Tso, Chongyi Wei, Ligang Yang, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Joseph Tucker
INTRODUCTION: China is amidst a sexual revolution, with changing sexual practices and behaviors. Sex-seeking mobile phone applications (gay apps) that allow multiple people to meet up quickly may facilitate group sex. This study was therefore undertaken to evaluate group sex among Chinese MSM and to better understand factors associated with group sex. METHODS: An online survey was conducted from September-October 2014, collecting data on socio-demographics, sexual behaviors, use of gay apps and occurrence of group sex among Chinese MSM...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869080/the-effect-of-biologically-effective-dose-and-radiation-treatment-schedule-on-overall-survival-in-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#17
John M Stahl, Rudi Ross, Eileen M Harder, Brandon R Mancini, Pamela R Soulos, Steven E Finkelstein, Timothy D Shafman, Arie P Dosoretz, Suzanne B Evans, Zain A Husain, James B Yu, Cary P Gross, Roy H Decker
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of biologically effective dose (BED10) and radiation treatment schedule on overall survival (OS) in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using data from 65 treatment centers in the United States, we retrospectively reviewed the records of T1-2 N0 NSCLC patients undergoing SBRT alone from 2006 to 2014. Biologically relevant covariates, including dose per fraction, number of fractions, and time between fractions, were used to quantify BED10 and radiation treatment schedule...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867547/clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-of-patients-45-years-old-with-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-comparing-to-other-age-groups
#18
Su Yang, Haibo Li, Chunyi Jia, Xiao Ma, Wei Guo, Hecheng Li
BACKGROUND: To analyze the clinicopathological features and prognosis of younger patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). METHODS: A total of 2,601 patients diagnosed with EAC between 1988 and 2011 were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. All patients underwent primary tumor resection and regional lymphadenectomy without preoperative radiotherapy. The patients were into four age groups (<45, 45-59, 60-74, ≥75), with 94, 813, 1,272 and 422 patients in each group respectively...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863357/cardiovascular-health-among-two-ethnic-groups-living-in-the-same-region-a-population-based-study
#19
Michal Benderly, Angela Chetrit, Havi Murad, Kathleen Abu-Saad, Michal Gillon-Keren, Ori Rogowski, Ben-Ami Sela, Hannah Kanety, Dror Harats, Ahmed Atamna, Gershon Alpert, Uri Goldbourt, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici
BACKGROUND: Poor cardiovascular health (CVH) among ethnic/racial minorities, studied primarily in the USA, may reflect lower access to healthcare. We examined factors associated with minority CVH in a setting of universal access to healthcare. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVH behaviors and factors were evaluated in a random population sample (551 Arabs, 553 Jews) stratified by sex, ethnicity and age. More Jews (10%) than Arabs (3%) had 3 ideal health behaviors. Only one participant had all four...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852234/does-size-really-matter-a-sensitivity-analysis-of-number-of-seeds-in-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vancouver-canada
#20
Nathan John Lachowsky, Justin Tyler Sorge, Henry Fisher Raymond, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, Ashleigh Rich, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
BACKGROUND: Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is an increasingly used peer chain-recruitment method to sample "hard-to-reach" populations for whom there are no reliable sampling frames. Implementation success of RDS varies; one potential negative factor being the number of seeds used. METHODS: We conducted a sensitivity analysis on estimates produced using data from an RDS study of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) aged ≥16 years living in Vancouver, Canada...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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