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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872346/seasonal-variations-in-meeting-physical-activity-recommendations-and-development-of-overweight-during-adolescence
#1
Melanie L Kornides, Eric B Rimm, Jorge E Chavarro, Matthew W Gillman, Bernard Rosner, Alison E Field
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have examined seasonal variation in meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations in association with incident overweight among adolescents. METHODS: We assessed self-reported, season-specific PA among 12,949 adolescents in two US cohorts (Growing Up Today Studies 1 and 2). We examined the relationship between the number of seasons per year that adolescents met the recommended amount of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA), respectively, and the development of incident overweight at the next survey period...
September 5, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859870/the-natural-history-of-erectile-dysfunction-after-prostatic-radiotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, E Charles Osterberg, Gregory P Murphy, Isabel E Allen, Albert Chang, Raymond C Rosen, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) after treatment for prostate cancer with radiotherapy (RT) is well known, and pooled estimates of ED after RT will provide more accurate patient education. AIM: To systematically evaluate the natural history of ED in men with previous erectile function after prostate RT and to determine clinical factors associated with ED. METHODS: We performed a review of the PubMed and Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases in April 2016 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement...
September 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856118/prognostic-value-of-multiple-draining-lymph-node-basins-in-melanoma-a-matched-pair-analysis-based-on-the-john-wayne-cancer-institute-experience
#3
J Harrison Howard, Junko J Ozao-Choy, Jason M Hiles, Myung-Shin Sim, Mark B Faries
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of multiple draining basins is controversial in melanoma because analyses have not adequately controlled for standard prognostic variables. We hypothesized that an analysis based on prognostically matched pairs of patients with multiple versus single drainage basins would clarify any independent role of basin number. STUDY DESIGN: We identified patients in our 40-year prospective database, who underwent preoperative lymphoscintigraphy, intraoperative sentinel node biopsy and wide local excision for cutaneous melanoma...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826627/neurostimulation-for-abdominal-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-adolescents-a-randomised-double-blind-sham-controlled-trial
#4
Katja Kovacic, Keri Hainsworth, Manu Sood, Gisela Chelimsky, Rachel Unteutsch, Melodee Nugent, Pippa Simpson, Adrian Miranda
BACKGROUND: Development of safe and effective therapies for paediatric abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders is needed. A non-invasive, US Food and Drug Administration-cleared device (Neuro-Stim, Innovative Health Solutions, IN, USA) delivers percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation (PENFS) in the external ear to modulate central pain pathways. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of PENFS in adolescents with abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders...
August 18, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801210/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-hand-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-and-cardiovascular-events-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
T Kendzerska, P Jüni, L K King, R Croxford, I Stanaitis, G A Hawker
OBJECTIVE: In this population-based cohort study, we examined the association between the presence of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) and risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. METHOD: A cohort aged ≥55 years recruited from 1996 to 98 was followed through provincial health administrative data to 2014. Demographics, joint complaints and functional limitations were collected. Hip, knee and hand OA were defined using a validated definition. Using Cox-regressions, the relationship between OA and a composite CV outcome (myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, angina, heart failure, revascularization) was assessed controlling for age, body mass index (BMI), sex, pre-existing metabolic factors, comorbidities, income status, primary care exposure and functional limitations...
August 9, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795299/adherence-to-optimal-heart-rate-control-in-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-insight-from-a-survey-of-heart-rate-in-heart-failure-in-sweden-hr-hf-study
#6
M Fu, U Ahrenmark, S Berglund, C J Lindholm, A Lehto, A Månsson Broberg, G Tasevska-Dinevska, G Wikstrom, A Ågard, B Andersson
INTRODUCTION: Despite that heart rate (HR) control is one of the guideline-recommended treatment goals for heart failure (HF) patients, implementation has been painstakingly slow. Therefore, it would be important to identify patients who have not yet achieved their target heart rates and assess possible underlying reasons as to why the target rates are not met. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey of HR in patients with HF in Sweden (HR-HF survey) is an investigator-initiated, prospective, multicenter, observational longitudinal study designed to investigate the state of the art in the control of HR in HF and to explore potential underlying mechanisms for suboptimal HR control with focus on awareness of and adherence to guidelines for HR control among physicians who focus on the contributing role of beta-blockers (BBs)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776494/is-glycogenic-acanthosis-a-predictor-of-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Mustafa Tahtacı, Aylin Demirezer Bolat, Öykü Tayfur Yürekli, Hüseyin Köseoğlu, Murat Başaran, Sevil Özer Sarı, Osman Ersoy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the incidence of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with glycogenic acanthosis (GA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with GA, detected upon endoscopy, and 30 age- and sex-matched control patients without GA were included in this case-control study. Patients with GA were considered group 1 and control group was considered group 2. Anthropometric measurements [height, weight, and waist circumference (WC)], biochemical parameters [fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)], and serum fasting insulin levels were evaluated...
August 4, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776204/efficacy-and-safety-of-argatroban-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-and-extracorporeal-lung-support
#8
Mario Menk, Philipp Briem, Björn Weiss, Martina Gassner, David Schwaiberger, Anton Goldmann, Christian Pille, Steffen Weber-Carstens
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or pumpless extracorporeal lung assist (pECLA) requires effective anticoagulation. Knowledge on the use of argatroban in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) undergoing ECMO or pECLA is limited. Therefore, this study assessed the feasibility, efficacy and safety of argatroban in critically ill ARDS patients undergoing extracorporeal lung support. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included ARDS patients on extracorporeal lung support who received argatroban between 2007 and 2014 in a single ARDS referral center...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775205/therapy-related-hematological-malignancies-after-peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-with-177-lu-dota-octreotate-incidence-course-predicting-factors-in-patients-with-gep-nets
#9
Hendrik Bergsma, Kirsten van Lom, Mark Konijnenberg, Boen Kam, Jaap Teunissen, Wouter de Herder, Eric Krenning, Dik Kwekkeboom
Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) may induce long-term toxicity to the bone marrow (BM). The aim of this study was to analyze persistent dysfunction of the hematopoietic system after PRRT with (177)Lu-DOTATATE in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). Methods: The incidence and course of persistent hematological dysfunction (PHD) was analyzed in 274 (=GEP-NET) out of 367 patients with somatostatin receptor-positive tumors. PHD was defined as diagnosis of Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN), Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) or otherwise unexplained cytopenia (for more than 6 months)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767392/melatonin-suppresses-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-via-lncrna-cps1-it-mediated-hif-1%C3%AE-inactivation
#10
Tong-Hong Wang, Chi-Hao Wu, Chau-Ting Yeh, Shih-Chi Su, Shih-Min Hsia, Kung-Hao Liang, Chin-Chuan Chen, Chuen Hsueh, Chi-Yuan Chen
Melatonin is the primary pineal hormone that relays light/dark cycle information to the circadian system. It was recently reported to exert intrinsic antitumor activity in various cancers. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying the antitumor activity of melatonin are poorly understood. Moreover, a limited number of studies have addressed the role of melatonin in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a major life-threatening malignancy in both sexes in Taiwan. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effects of melatonin in HCC and explored the regulatory mechanisms underlying these effects...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760212/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-rs6265-val66met-polymorphism-is-associated-with-disease-severity-and-incidence-of-cardiovascular-events-in-a-patient-cohort
#11
Rong Jiang, Michael A Babyak, Beverly H Brummett, Elizabeth R Hauser, Svati H Shah, Richard C Becker, Ilene C Siegler, Abanish Singh, Carol Haynes, Megan Chryst-Ladd, Damian M Craig, Redford B Williams
BACKGROUND: The rs6265 (Val66Met) single-nucleotide polymorphism in the BDNF gene has been related to a number of endophenotypes that have in turn been shown to confer risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). To date, however, very few studies have examined the association of the Val66Met single-nucleotide polymorphism with CVD clinical outcomes. METHODS: In a cohort of 5,510 Caucasian patients enrolled in the CATHeterization GENetics (CATHGEN) study at Duke University Hospital between 2001 and 2011, we determined the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and CVD event incidence through up to 11...
August 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750680/primary-tumor-location-as-a-predictor-of-the-benefit-of-palliative-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-with-unresectable-metastasis
#12
Rong-Xin Zhang, Wen-Juan Ma, Yu-Ting Gu, Tian-Qi Zhang, Zhi-Mei Huang, Zhen-Hai Lu, Yang-Kui Gu
BACKGROUND: It is still under debate that whether stage IV colorectal cancer patients with unresectable metastasis can benefit from primary tumor resection, especially for asymptomatic colorectal cancer patients. Retrospective studies have shown controversial results concerning the benefit from surgery. This retrospective study aims to evaluate whether the site of primary tumor is a predictor of palliative resection in asymptomatic stage IV colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: One hundred ninety-four patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer were selected from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center Database in the period between January 2007 and December 2013...
July 27, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749722/association-between-plasma-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-and-the-presence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-predominantly-rural-based-sub-saharan-african-population
#13
Martine Paquette, Yascara Grisel Luna Saavedra, Ann Chamberland, Annik Prat, Dirk Lund Christensen, Fannie Lajeunesse-Trempe, Lydia Kaduka, Nabil G Seidah, Robert Dufour, Alexis Baass
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased dramatically in low- and middle-income countries. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) plays a major role in low-density lipoprotein receptor degradation, but its relationship with metabolic parameters is still poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the association between plasma PCSK9 and metabolic parameters in a Kenyan cohort. METHODS: Total plasma PCSK9 levels were measured in 2016 by an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a polyclonal antibody...
July 27, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742695/does-surgeon-sex-matter-practice-patterns-and-outcomes-of-female-and-male-surgeons
#14
Catherine E Sharoky, Morgan M Sellers, Luke J Keele, Christopher J Wirtalla, Giorgos C Karakousis, Jon B Morris, Rachel R Kelz
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare postoperative outcomes of female surgeons (FS) and male surgeons (MS) within general surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: FS in the workforce are increasing in number. Female physicians provide exceptional care in other specialties. Differences in surgical outcomes of FS and MS have not been examined. METHODS: We linked the AMA Physician Masterfile to discharge claims from New York, Florida, and Pennsylvania (2012 to 2013) to examine practice patterns and to compare surgical outcomes of FS and MS...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741452/young-age-and-male-sex-are-predictors-of-large-volume-central-neck-lymph-node-metastasis-in-clinical-n0-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinomas
#15
Hye-Seon Oh, Suyeon Park, Mijin Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Eyun Song, Tae-Yon Sung, Yu-Mi Lee, Won Gu Kim, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim, Min Ji Jeon
BACKGROUND: Large-volume lymph node metastasis (LNM) is associated with poor clinical outcomes in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) patients. However, sensitivity in the detection of central neck LNM on preoperative neck ultrasonography (US) is believed to be low. The aim of this study is to investigate the preoperative clinical factors associated with large-volume LNM in clinical N0 PTMC patients. METHODS: In all, 2329 clinical N0 PTMC patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with prophylactic central lymph node (LN) dissection were evaluated...
August 17, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740936/comparison-of-height-and-weight-after-12-vs-18-gy-cranial-radiation-therapy-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-all-patients
#16
Albert C Chen, M Fatih Okcu, ZoAnn E Dreyer, Kala Y Kamdar, Rona Y Sonabend, Hilary S Suzawa, Eunji Jo, Arnold C Paulino
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of 12 versus 18 Gy cranial radiation therapy (RT) on height and weight indices among pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Records of children with ALL who were 2 to 14 years old at the time of RT and were treated at a single institution between 2000 and 2011 were reviewed. Patients' height, weight, and body mass index were converted into z-scores using the Centers for Disease Control growth charts to normalize the values to number of standard deviations from the mean...
April 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735779/a-systematic-review-of-variables-associated-with-sleep-paralysis
#17
REVIEW
Dan Denis, Christopher C French, Alice M Gregory
Sleep paralysis is a relatively common but under-researched phenomenon. While the causes are unknown, a number of studies have investigated potential risk factors. In this article, we conducted a systematic review on the available literature regarding variables associated with both the frequency and intensity of sleep paralysis episodes. A total of 42 studies met the inclusion criteria. For each study, sample size, study site, sex and age of participants, sleep paralysis measure, and results of analyses looking at the relationship(s) between sleep paralysis and associated variable(s) were extracted...
June 8, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735592/the-prevalence-and-service-utilisation-associated-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
F Charlson, S Diminic, C Choulamany, D Santomauro, S Raja, H Whiteford
AIMS: An epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the mental and substance use disorders and ascertain patterns of mental health services utilisation in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with the aim of evaluating existing gaps and opportunities in the provision of mental health services. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional, household survey of adults living within Vientiane Capital province, Lao PDR. We collected data on participant demographics, mental and physical health status, family history of mental illness and exposure to potential risk factors...
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713695/robotic-modified-radical-neck-dissection-with-bilateral-axillo-breast-approach
#19
REVIEW
June Young Choi, Kyung Ho Kang
Bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy has been performed since 2008, and the indications of the BABA robotic operation has been widened to the robotic modified radical neck dissection (MRND). The indication for BABA robotic MRND is suspicious lateral neck metastasis of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma, and the contraindication is far advanced carcinoma such as encasement of common carotid artery. Surgical procedures start from flap formation as a routine BABA robotic thyroidectomy and the lateral neck dissection is performed from level IV and Vb to level III and IIA...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710952/indices-of-insulin-resistance-and-glucotoxicity-are-not-associated-with-bipolar-disorder-or-major-depressive-disorder-but-are-differently-associated-with-inflammatory-oxidative-and-nitrosative-biomarkers
#20
Kamila Landucci Bonifácio, Décio Sabbatini Barbosa, Estefânia Gastaldello Moreira, Carine Coneglian de Farias, Luciana Higachi, Alissana Ester Iakmiu Camargo, Janaina Favaro Soares, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Michael Berk, Seetal Dodd, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) is a key factor in diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity and may occur in mood disorders and tobacco use disorder (TUD), where disturbances of immune-inflammatory, oxidative and nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways are important shared pathophysiological pathways. METHODS: This study aimed to a) examine IR and β-cell function as measured by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity and β cell function (HOMA-B) and glucotoxicity (conceptualized as increased glucose levels versus lowered HOMA-B values) in 74 participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder, with and or without MetS and TUD, versus 46 healthy controls, and b) whether IR is associated with IO&NS biomarkers, including nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), C-reactive protein (CRP), haptoglobin (Hp) and uric acid...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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