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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735779/a-systematic-review-of-variables-associated-with-sleep-paralysis
#1
REVIEW
Dan Denis, Christopher C French, Alice M Gregory
Sleep paralysis is a relatively common but under-researched phenomenon. While the causes are unknown, a number of studies have investigated potential risk factors. In this article, we conducted a systematic review on the available literature regarding variables associated with both the frequency and intensity of sleep paralysis episodes. A total of 42 studies met the inclusion criteria. For each study, sample size, study site, sex and age of participants, sleep paralysis measure, and results of analyses looking at the relationship(s) between sleep paralysis and associated variable(s) were extracted...
June 8, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735592/the-prevalence-and-service-utilisation-associated-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
F Charlson, S Diminic, C Choulamany, D Santomauro, S Raja, H Whiteford
AIMS: An epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of the mental and substance use disorders and ascertain patterns of mental health services utilisation in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with the aim of evaluating existing gaps and opportunities in the provision of mental health services. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional, household survey of adults living within Vientiane Capital province, Lao PDR. We collected data on participant demographics, mental and physical health status, family history of mental illness and exposure to potential risk factors...
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713695/robotic-modified-radical-neck-dissection-with-bilateral-axillo-breast-approach
#3
REVIEW
June Young Choi, Kyung Ho Kang
Bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy has been performed since 2008, and the indications of the BABA robotic operation has been widened to the robotic modified radical neck dissection (MRND). The indication for BABA robotic MRND is suspicious lateral neck metastasis of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma, and the contraindication is far advanced carcinoma such as encasement of common carotid artery. Surgical procedures start from flap formation as a routine BABA robotic thyroidectomy and the lateral neck dissection is performed from level IV and Vb to level III and IIA...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710952/indices-of-insulin-resistance-and-glucotoxicity-are-not-associated-with-bipolar-disorder-or-major-depressive-disorder-but-are-differently-associated-with-inflammatory-oxidative-and-nitrosative-biomarkers
#4
Kamila Landucci Bonifácio, Décio Sabbatini Barbosa, Estefânia Gastaldello Moreira, Carine Coneglian de Farias, Luciana Higachi, Alissana Ester Iakmiu Camargo, Janaina Favaro Soares, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Michael Berk, Seetal Dodd, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) is a key factor in diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity and may occur in mood disorders and tobacco use disorder (TUD), where disturbances of immune-inflammatory, oxidative and nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways are important shared pathophysiological pathways. METHODS: This study aimed to a) examine IR and β-cell function as measured by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity and β cell function (HOMA-B) and glucotoxicity (conceptualized as increased glucose levels versus lowered HOMA-B values) in 74 participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder, with and or without MetS and TUD, versus 46 healthy controls, and b) whether IR is associated with IO&NS biomarkers, including nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), C-reactive protein (CRP), haptoglobin (Hp) and uric acid...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705200/the-prognostic-value-of-lymph-node-yield-in-the-earliest-stage-of-colorectal-cancer-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#5
Yara Backes, Sjoerd G Elias, Bibie S Bhoelan, John N Groen, Jeroen van Bergeijk, Tom C J Seerden, Hendrikus J M Pullens, Bernhard W M Spanier, Joost M J Geesing, Koen Kessels, Marjon Kerkhof, Peter D Siersema, Wouter H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, Niels van Lelyveld, Frank H J Wolfhagen, Frank Ter Borg, G Johan A Offerhaus, Miangela M Lacle, Leon M G Moons
BACKGROUND: In patients with stage II colorectal cancer (CRC) the number of surgically retrieved lymph nodes (LNs) is associated with prognosis, resulting in a minimum of 10-12 retrieved LNs being recommended for this stage. Current guidelines do not provide a recommendation regarding LN yield in T1 CRC. Studies evaluating LN yield in T1 CRC suggest that such high LN yields are not feasible in this early stage, and a lower LN yield might be appropriate. We aimed to validate the cut-off of 10 retrieved LNs on risk for recurrent cancer and detection of LN metastasis (LNM) in T1 CRC, and explored whether this number is feasible in clinical practice...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704249/patient-survey-of-referral-from-one-surgeon-to-another-to-reduce-maximum-waiting-time-for-elective-surgery-and-hours-of-overutilized-operating-room-time
#6
Ilana I Logvinov, Franklin Dexter, Elisabeth U Dexter, Sorin J Brull
BACKGROUND: Studies of shared (patient-provider) decision making for elective surgical care have examined both the decision whether to have surgery and patients' understanding of treatment options. We consider shared decision making applied to case scheduling, since implementation would reduce labor costs. METHODS: Study questions were presented in sequence of waiting times, starting with 4 workdays. "Assume the consultant surgeon (ie, the surgeon in charge) you met in clinic did not have time available to do your surgery within the next 4 workdays, but his/her colleague would have had time to do your surgery within the next 4 workdays...
July 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697130/regional-metastatic-behavior-of-nonfunctional-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-impact-of-lymph-node-positivity-on-survival
#7
Zeljka Jutric, Jan Grendar, Helena M Hoen, Sung W Cho, Maria A Cassera, Pippa H Newell, Chet W Hammill, Paul D Hansen, Ronald F Wolf
OBJECTIVES: Literature addressing the significance of lymph node positivity in the management of nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) is conflicting. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was queried for patients who underwent surgical resection of nonfunctional PNETs between 1998 and 2011. Clinical data and overall survival were analyzed using χ and Cox proportional hazards regression. Multiple imputation was used as a comparative analysis because of the high number of patients missing data on tumor grade...
August 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696164/surgical-predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-after-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#8
Christina R Allen, Allen F Anderson, Daniel E Cooper, Thomas M DeBerardino, Warren R Dunn, Amanda K Haas, Laura J Huston, Brett Brick A Lantz, Barton Mann, Sam K Nwosu, Kurt P Spindler, Michael J Stuart, Rick W Wright, John P Albright, Annunziato Ned Amendola, Jack T Andrish, Christopher C Annunziata, Robert A Arciero, Bernard R Bach, Champ L Baker, Arthur R Bartolozzi, Keith M Baumgarten, Jeffery R Bechler, Jeffrey H Berg, Geoffrey A Bernas, Stephen F Brockmeier, Robert H Brophy, Charles A Bush-Joseph, J Brad Butler, John D Campbell, James L Carey, James E Carpenter, Brian J Cole, Jonathan M Cooper, Charles L Cox, R Alexander Creighton, Diane L Dahm, Tal S David, David C Flanigan, Robert W Frederick, Theodore J Ganley, Elizabeth A Garofoli, Charles J Gatt, Steven R Gecha, James Robert Giffin, Sharon L Hame, Jo A Hannafin, Christopher D Harner, Norman Lindsay Harris, Keith S Hechtman, Elliott B Hershman, Rudolf G Hoellrich, Timothy M Hosea, David C Johnson, Timothy S Johnson, Morgan H Jones, Christopher C Kaeding, Ganesh V Kamath, Thomas E Klootwyk, Bruce A Levy, C Benjamin Ma, G Peter Maiers, Robert G Marx, Matthew J Matava, Gregory M Mathien, David R McAllister, Eric C McCarty, Robert G McCormack, Bruce S Miller, Carl W Nissen, Daniel F O'Neill, Brett D Owens, Richard D Parker, Mark L Purnell, Arun J Ramappa, Michael A Rauh, Arthur C Rettig, Jon K Sekiya, Kevin G Shea, Orrin H Sherman, James R Slauterbeck, Matthew V Smith, Jeffrey T Spang, Steven J Svoboda, Timothy N Taft, Joachim J Tenuta, Edwin M Tingstad, Armando F Vidal, Darius G Viskontas, Richard A White, James S Williams, Michelle L Wolcott, Brian R Wolf, James J York
BACKGROUND: Revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been documented to have worse outcomes compared with primary ACL reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: Certain factors under the control of the surgeon at the time of revision surgery can both negatively and positively affect outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Patients undergoing revision ACL reconstruction were identified and prospectively enrolled between 2006 and 2011...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677807/torilis-japonica-extract-fraction-compound-egfr-targeted-inhibition-of-cancer-abnormal-metastasis-in-a549-lung-cancer-cells
#9
Guen Tae Kim, Sang-Yong Kim, Young Min Kim
The number of patients who die from lung cancer is steadily increasing. According to the 2012 statistics, lung cancer accounts for the highest percentage of death from cancer in both sexes. Many research studies found that lung cancer can be caused not only by smoking but by outdoor pollution, and it leads to over-activation of various surface proteins in cancer cells. The over-activity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is implicated as a crucial factor in inducing abnormal metastasis of lung cancer cells...
June 30, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670850/cystic-major-salivary-gland-lesions-utilizing-fine-needle-aspiration-to-optimize-the-clinical-management-of-a-broad-and-diverse-differential-diagnosis
#10
Derek B Allison, Austin M McCuiston, Satomi Kawamoto, David W Eisele, Justin A Bishop, Zahra Maleki
INTRODUCTION: The use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology for the preoperative evaluation of salivary gland lesions is an accepted but, currently, nonstandardized practice. More specifically, cystic major salivary gland lesions are relatively rare and can be very challenging to diagnose on FNA due to low cellularity and an incredibly broad differential diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic utility of preoperative FNA cytology for cystic major salivary gland lesions...
July 3, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667755/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-human-papillomavirus-infections-in-young-female-online-daters
#11
Sharon Ma, Joshua E Stern, Qinghua Feng, James P Hughes, Stephen E Hawes, Rachel L Winer
Risk factors for incident HPV infections are undefined in young women who use internet dating Web sites. From 2010-2012 we followed 18-24-year-old female internet daters (N = 164) triannually for a mean of one year. Women collected and returned self-collected vaginal samples for HPV genotyping and health and behavior questionnaires. We used Kaplan-Meier methods to estimate incidence of clinically-relevant HPV infection (high-risk HPV, HPV-6, or HPV-11) and generalized estimating equations and Firth logistic regression to identify associated risk factors...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656737/fear-of-falling-and-gait-parameters-in-older-adults-with-and-without-fall-history
#12
Keitaro Makino, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: Fear of falling (FOF) is associated with spatial and temporal gait parameters in older adults. FOF is prevalent among older adults, both those with and without fall history. It is still unclear whether the relationships between FOF and gait parameters are affected by fall history. The aim of the present study was to compare gait parameters by the presence of FOF and fall history. METHODS: A total of 3575 older adults (mean age 71.7 years, 49.7% female) met the inclusion criteria for the present study...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654437/self-reported-physical-activity-level-in-student-athletes-at-preparticipation-physical-evaluations
#13
Amy E Valasek, Madison Bieganski, Jana Desrochers, Julie Young
OBJECTIVE: Quantify physical activity in healthy student athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Five Central Ohio schools during mass preparticipation physicals. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred sixty-five children between the ages 10 and 18 years. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Days per week of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), minutes per day of MVPA, and number of activities. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Minutes per week of MVPA...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641638/-change-of-plasma-interleukin-17-level-in-patients-with-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-and-its-clinical-significance
#14
Chun-Xiang Shang, Ji-Cheng Ma, Zheng Nan, Ye Li, Wen-Cai He, Xian-Ying Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of interleukin-17 (IL-17) level in patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma(ENKTL). METHODS: Eighty patients with nasal ENKTL who received radiotherapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy from January 2011 to January 2012 were enrolled in the study. Eighty healthy volunteers were selected as the controls (control group). About 5 ml of peripheral blood was collected from all patients and controls...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609474/effects-of-perceptions-of-care-medical-advice-and-hospital-quality-on-patient-satisfaction-after-primary-total-knee-replacement-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tom Schaal, Tonio Schoenfelder, Joerg Klewer, Joachim Kugler
INTRODUCTION: The increase in the number of patients presenting with osteoarthritis in the past decade has led to a 32% increase in knee replacement surgeries designed to reduce restrictions on patient movement and improve their quality of life. Patient satisfaction is becoming an increasingly important indicator of quality of care. This study was designed to identify predictors of various service components in the treatment process and hospital key performance indicators significantly associated with patient satisfaction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590374/return-to-sport-after-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#16
Travis J Dekker, Jonathan A Godin, Kevin M Dale, William E Garrett, Dean C Taylor, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft failure and contralateral ACL tears are more frequent in children and adolescents than adults. The reasons for higher subsequent injury rates in this population are incompletely understood. METHODS: We analyzed a continuous cohort of patients who were <18 years of age. Subjects underwent isolated, primary ACL reconstruction with autograft between 2006 and January 1, 2014, and had a minimum 2-year follow-up. Return-to-sport characteristics were described, and multivariable Cox regression modeling was used to identify predictors of a second ACL injury...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586263/the-interplay-between-fat-mass-and-fat-distribution-as-determinants-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-is-sex-dependent
#17
Lars Lind, Johan Ärnlöv, Erik Lampa
BACKGROUND: Fat mass and fat distribution are major determinants of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), but the interplay between them has not been thoroughly investigated. In addition, fat mass and fat distribution are generally different in men than in women. We aimed to determine whether the interplay between fat mass and fat distribution regarding MetS and its components is sex-dependent using data from the large-scale population-based sample EpiHealth. METHODS: Occurrence of MetS and its components was determined together with fat mass by bioimpedance in 19,094 participants in the EpiHealth sample [mean age 61 years (SD 8...
June 6, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582824/metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents-and-young-adult-offspring-and-their-parents
#18
Kayoung Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Studies have investigated the associations between parental metabolic syndrome (MetS) and offspring MetS. This study aimed to uncover parental-offspring associations for MetS and its components according to offspring sex and age. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in 1,403 fathers, 1,451 mothers, and 1,532 offspring (340 male and 404 female offspring aged 10-18 years; 283 male and 505 female offspring aged 19-25 years) using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data between 2010 and 2013...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581338/psychiatric-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-the-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#19
Michal Goetz, Antonin Sebela, Marketa Mohaplova, Silvie Ceresnakova, Radek Ptacek, Tomas Novak
OBJECTIVE: To determine current and lifetime psychopathology and assess quality of life (QoL) in offspring of a parent with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: We investigated 43 offspring of bipolar parents (high-risk offspring [HRO]) (mean age 12.5 ± 3.1; range 6.7-17.9 years) and 43 comparison offspring matched for sex, age, and IQ of healthy parents. Lifetime and current presence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5) diagnoses were assessed using Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572698/phosphorylation-of-histone-h2a-x-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-may-be-a-useful-marker-for-monitoring-cardiometabolic-risk-in-nondiabetic-individuals
#20
So Ra Yoon, Juhyun Song, Jong Hwa Lee, Oh Yoen Kim
Phosphorylation of H2A.X (serine 139) in the histone H2A family located in the downstream of the DNA damage kinase signaling cascade is an important indicator of DNA damage. Recently, phosphorylation of H2A.X was proposed as a sensitive biomarker of aging. This study investigated if phosphorylation of H2A.X in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is associated with cardiometabolic risk in nondiabetic individuals. Basic parameters and oxidative stress/inflammatory markers were measured in nondiabetic healthy Koreans (n = 119)...
2017: Disease Markers
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