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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917290/intraoperative-ultrasound-for-peripheral-nerve-applications
#1
REVIEW
Matthew Willsey, Thomas J Wilson, Phillip Troy Henning, Lynda J-S Yang
Offering real-time, high-resolution images via intraoperative ultrasound is advantageous for a variety of peripheral nerve applications. To highlight the advantages of ultrasound, its extraoperative uses are reviewed. The current intraoperative uses, including nerve localization, real-time evaluation of peripheral nerve tumors, and implantation of leads for peripheral nerve stimulation, are reviewed. Although intraoperative peripheral nerve localization has been performed previously using guide wires and surgical dyes, the authors' approach using ultrasound-guided instrument clamps helps guide surgical dissection to the target nerve, which could lead to more timely operations and shorter incisions...
October 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915967/the-concept-of-protective-nerve-stimulation-for-ultrasound-guided-nerve-blocks
#2
Martin Ertmer, Edda Klotz, Jürgen Birnbaum
Regional plexus and nerve blocks are a common technique in modern anesthesia. Since ultrasound machines are available in many departments, the role of nerve stimulation is highly discussed and different approaches to perform the blocks are taken into account. Common technique for electrical nerve stimulation is searching for a stimulating threshold of 0.4-0.5mA using an impulse width of 0.1ms. We present our hypothesis of using all possible information with a new concept of protective nerve stimulation together with first data supporting our theory...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915427/breast-lymphoma-in-a-patient-with-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report-study
#3
Spyridon Marinopoulos, Panagiotis Safioleas, Lamprini Skorda, Eleni Vassilopoulou, Flora Zagouri, Maria Sotiropoulou, Peter Drakakis, Constantine Dimitrakakis
INTRODUCTION: Breast involvement in Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is a rare entity as it accounts for 2.2% of all extranodal lymphomas. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 59-year-old woman was referred to our Breast Unit because of two nodules of the right breast newly discovered during her annual mammography. Moreover, during the physical examination, a red-brown itchy lump of the scalp was discovered. The punch biopsies of the scalp lesion and ultrasound-guided core biopsies of both nodules of the right breast, revealed the presence of diffuse large B-cell Non Hodgkin Lymphoma in all tissue specimen sites...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914043/decrease-in-size-and-activity-of-parathyroid-adenoma-after-ultrasound-guided-biopsy
#4
Cristina Ogrin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913701/complete-heart-block-during-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheterization
#5
EDITORIAL
Iago Jorge, Igor Pietrobom, Aécio Góis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912985/isolated-splenic-cold-abscesses-with-perisplenic-extension-treated-successfully-without-splenectomy
#6
Mohan Khadka, Ravi Pradhan
Splenic tuberculosis (TB) in the form of multiple splenic cold abscesses with perisplenic extensions is a rare disease, especially in an immunocompetent host. It demonstrates diagnostic complexity, which makes identification of the disease difficult. We report a case of an immunocompetent adult male who presented with fever, pain in the left lower chest, decreased appetite, and significant weight loss. On physical examination, he had tenderness in the left lower infra-axillary region and Traube's space dullness without palpable spleen...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912819/large-subcapsular-splenic-hematoma-with-a-large-pancreatic-pseudocyst-was-successfully-treated-with-splenic-arterial-embolization-and-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-drainage-of-pancreatic-pseudocyst
#7
Song Zhang, Fei Liu, Heena Buch, Guifang Xu, Lei Wang
Subcapsular splenic hematoma is a rare complication of pancreatitis. The management for subcapsular splenic hematoma remains controversial. We herein report a case of a large subcapsular splenic hematoma with a large pancreatic pseudocyst, which was successfully treated with splenic arterial embolization and ultrasound- (US-) guided percutaneous drainage of pancreatic pseudocyst, for the first time. A 44-year-old male suffered from recurrent abdominal pain for more than two years. He had previous 3 episodes of pancreatitis...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911946/suboptimal-interobserver-agreement-among-cytopathologists-for-endoscopic-ultrasound-fine-needle-aspirates-of-solid-pancreatic-lesions
#8
Carrie Marshall, Rawad Mounzer, Matt Hall, Violette Simon, Barbara Centeno, Katie Dennis, Jasreman Dhillon, Fang Fan, Laila Khazai, Jason Klapman, Srinadh Komanduri, Xiaoqi Lin, David Lu, Sanjana Mehrotra, V Raman Muthusamy, Ritu Nayar, Ajit Paintal, Jianyu Rao, Sharon Sams, Janak Shah, Rabindra Watson, Amit Rastogi, Sachin Wani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite the widespread use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and the standardization of pancreaticobiliary cytopathologic nomenclature, data on interobserver agreement (IOA) amongst cytopathologists evaluating pancreatic tissue specimens are limited. We aimed to assess IOA among cytopathologists evaluating EUS-FNA specimens of solid pancreatic lesions for overall cytologic diagnosis and quantitative and qualitative parameters using a novel standardized scoring tool and to evaluate predictors of agreement...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910894/-diagnostic-values-of-braf-v600e-mutation-analysis-and-bethesda-system-for-reporting-thyroid-cytopathology-in-thyroid-nodules-with-tirads-4-and-5
#9
Y Han, B W Zhao, S Y Li, J G Lyu, J D Shou, H S Xu, H Y Lou, L L Xu, L Gao, S X Xu, J Zhu
Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacies of BRAF(V600E) testing and Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology (BSRTC) in thyroid nodules with thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TIRADS) category 4 and 5. Methods: A total of 187 thyroid nodules in 187 patients underwent the examinations of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and BRAF(V600E) mutation were analyzed retrospectively. Receive operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to investigate the diagnostic values of both methods and the clinical application of BRAF(V600E) combined with BSRTC was evaluated...
September 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910804/ebus-tbna-can-distinguish-sarcoid-like-side-effect-of-nivolumab-treatment-from-tumor-progression-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Ségolène Lainez, Claire Tissot, Michèle Cottier, Jean-Michel Vergnon
With the expansion of immunotherapy in the treatment of lung cancer, clinicians have to face new clinical pictures and adapt their practice. We report the case of a 69-year-old man diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer using endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) and treated with nivolumab as second-line therapy. After 8 injections of nivolumab, a new CT and PET scan revealed massive growth and increase in metabolism of hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes, whereas the size and metabolism of the left upper lobe lesion were reduced...
September 15, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906265/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-clinical-effectiveness-of-supraclavicular-ultrasound-guided-brachiocephalic-vein-cannulations-in-preterm-infants
#11
Christian Breschan, Gudrun Graf, Robert Jost, Haro Stettner, Georg Feigl, Stefan Neuwersch, Christian Stadik, Markus Koestenberger, Rudolf Likar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the supraclavicular ultrasound-guided cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein in preterm infants. METHODS: The ultrasound probe was placed in the supraclavicular region so as to obtain the optimum sonographic long-axis view of the brachiocephalic vein. By using a strict in-plane approach the brachiocephalic vein was cannulated by advancing a 22- or 24-gauge iv cannula from lateral to medial under the long axis of the ultrasound probe under real-time ultrasound guidance into the vein...
September 13, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905338/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-with-novel-use-of-contrast-enhanced-harmonic-imaging
#12
Kosuke Minaga, Mamoru Takenaka, Ken Kamata, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Masatoshi Kudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904677/-pulmonary-nocardiosis-in-immunocompetent-patients-about-2-cases
#13
Yasmina Rhofir, Rachida Zahraoui, Nabil Tiress, Hicham Naji-Amrani, Mouna Soualhi, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi
Nocardiosis is a rare but severe infection caused by bacteria of the genus nocardia, which belong to the order actinomycetales. If they can affect immunocompetent adult, nocardioses are pathologies affecting the individuals with weakened immune system. Pulmonary involvement is the most common manifestation, its correct management is based on diagnosis, which is often delayed due to non-specific symptoms and inconclusive specimens. We here report two cases of nocardiosis in immunocompetent patients. The first case concerns a 24-year old man with a history of smoking and alcoholism, hospitalized for chest pain and hemoptysis of low abundance evolving for two months, associated with the occurrence of dorsal subcutaneous fistulized abscess...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904498/correlation-of-site-of-embryo-transfer-with-ivf-outcome-analysis-of-743-cycles-from-a-single-center
#14
Neeta Singh, Kusum Lata, Neena Malhotra, P Vanamail
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of site of embryo transfer (ET) on reproductive outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 743 ultrasound-guided ET in fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles from a single center over a period of 4 years was conducted. The distance between the fundal endometrial surface and the air bubble was measured, and accordingly, patients were divided into four groups (≤10 mm; >10 and ≤15 mm; >15 and 20 mm; >20 and <25 mm)...
April 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903972/lactobacillus-the-not-so-friendly-bacteria
#15
Abirami Pararajasingam, Juliet Uwagwu
We present a 65-year-old diabetic patient with a complex liver abscess and bacteraemia from Lactobacillus paracasei The abscess resulted in a prolonged hospital stay due to ongoing sepsis despite ultrasound-guided drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Furthermore, the patient developed several secondary complications including a right-sided pleural effusion, an inferior vena cava thrombus and septic lung emboli. The abscess was eventually managed successfully with a prolonged course of antibiotics and multiple ultrasound-guided drainage procedures...
September 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901951/real-time-non-rigid-target-tracking-for-ultrasound-guided-clinical-interventions
#16
Cornel Zachiu, Mario G Ries, Pascal Ramaekers, Jean-Luc Guey, Chrit T W Moonen, Baudouin Denis de Senneville
Biological motion is a problem for non- or mini-invasive interventions when conducted in mobile/deformable organs due to the targeted pathology moving/deforming with the organ. This may lead to high miss rates and/or incomplete treatment of the pathology. Therefore, real-time tracking of the target anatomy during the intervention would be beneficial for such applications. Since the aforementioned interventions are often conducted under B-mode ultrasound (US) guidance, target tracking can be achieved via image registration, by comparing the acquired US images to a separate image established as positional reference...
September 13, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901582/prospective-evaluation-on-the-effect-of-interobserver-variability-of-digital-rectal-examination-on-the-performance-of-the-rotterdam-prostate-cancer-risk-calculator
#17
Nuno Pereira-Azevedo, Isaac Braga, Jan Fm Verbeek, Luís Osório, Vítor Cavadas, Avelino Fraga, Eduardo Carrasquinho, Eduardo Cardoso de Oliveira, Daan Nieboer, Monique J Roobol
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of agreement between digital rectal examination findings of two urologists and its effect on risk prediction using the digital rectal examination-based Rotterdam Prostate Cancer Risk Calculator. METHODS: The study sample consisted of a prospective cohort of asymptomatic unscreened men with prostate-specific antigen ≤50.0 ng/mL and transrectal ultrasound volume ≤110 mL who underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900553/treatment-of-partial-rotator-cuff-tear-with-ultrasound-guided-platelet-rich-plasma
#18
Vetrivel Chezian Sengodan, Sajith Kurian, Raghupathy Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: The treatment of symptomatic partial rotator cuff tear has presented substantial challenge to orthopaedic surgeons as it can vary from conservative to surgical repair. Researches have established the influence of platelet rich plasma in healing damaged tissue. Currently very few data are available regarding the evidence of clinical and radiological outcome of partial rotator cuff tear treated with ultrasound guided platelet rich plasma injection in English literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 patients with symptomatic partial rotator cuff tears were treated with ultrasound guided platelet rich plasma injection...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899084/comparison-of-liquid-based-cytology-cellprepplus-and-conventional-smears-in-pancreaticobiliary-disease
#19
Myeong Ho Yeon, Hee Seok Jeong, Hee Seung Lee, Jong Soon Jang, Seungho Lee, Soon Man Yoon, Hee Bok Chae, Seon Mee Park, Sei Jin Youn, Joung-Ho Han, Hye-Suk Han, Ho Chang Lee
Background/Aims: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUSFNA) and brushing cytology are used worldwide to diagnose pancreatic and biliary malignant tumors. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) has been developed and it is currently used to overcome the limitations of conventional smears (CS). In this study, the authors aimed to compare the diagnostic value of the CellPrepPlus (CP; Biodyne) LBC method with CS in samples obtained using EUS-FNA and brushing cytology. Methods: This study prospectively enrolled 75 patients with pancreatic or biliary lesions from June 2012 to October 2013...
September 13, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898881/performance-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-the-diagnosis-of-isolated-mediastinal-and-hilar-lymphadenopathy
#20
Chung-Chun Tyan, Tiago Machuca, Kasia Czarnecka, Hyang Mi Ko, Gilda da Cunha Santos, Scott L Boerner, Andrew Pierre, Marcelo Cypel, Tom Waddell, Gail Darling, Marc de Perrot, Shaf Keshavjee, William Geddie, Kazuhiro Yasufuku
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have assessed the diagnostic utility of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the context of a specific disease, few studies have assessed the overall diagnostic yield, sensitivity, and negative predictive value in patients with isolated mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy (IMHL). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the performance of EBUS-TBNA for diagnosing IMHL in a population with a high prevalence of concurrent or preexisting non-pulmonary malignancy...
September 13, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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