Read by QxMD icon Read

Surgical emergency department

Louise Dunphy, Prashanth Shetty, Rabinder Randhawa, Kharil Amir Rani, Yaw Duodu
A 39-year-old man, born in India but resident in the UK for 10 years, was travelling in America when he became feverish with an altered mentation. He reported a 10-day history of fever, photophobia, headache and fatigue. His medical history included hypothyroidism and migraine. He was a non-smoker, did not consume alcohol and denied a history of drug use. He was transferred to the emergency department. Laboratory investigations confirmed hyponatraemia (sodium 128 mmol/L). A chest radiograph confirmed no focal consolidation...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
B J Laan, S M van den Heiligenberg, M Hemelaar
BACKGROUND: Classical Meigs' syndrome consists of the triad of an ovarian fibroma, ascites and pleural effusion. A characteristic of the syndrome is that the excess fluid is resorbed after surgical resection of the tumour. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year-old woman was admitted to accident and emergency department in a neglected, cachectic and hypothermic condition. A CT scan revealed an ovarian tumour, ascites and a right-sided pleural effusion. The level of the tumour marker CA-125 was also greatly elevated...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Graham Cameron Thompson, Ellen Morrison, Marshall Ross, Helena Liu, Otto G Vanderkooi, Robin Eccles
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of true-positive blood culture results in children presenting to the ED with suspected appendicitis. To describe the current practice of obtaining blood cultures in children with suspected appendicitis. METHODS: We performed a 2-year retrospective health record review of all children aged 2 through 17 years investigated for suspected appendicitis at a tertiary Pediatric Emergency Department. Subjects were identified by searching (a) institutional records for ICD-10-CA coding, (b) diagnostic imaging records of ultrasounds for appendicitis, and (c) surgical database records for nonincidental appendectomies...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Joshua M Abzug, Karan Dua, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick
Phalangeal fractures are the most common type of hand fracture that occurs in the pediatric population and account for the second highest number of emergency department visits for fractures in the United States. The incidence of phalangeal fractures is the highest in children aged 10 to 14 years, which coincides with the time that most children begin playing contact sports. Younger children are more likely to sustain a phalangeal fracture in the home setting as a result of crush and laceration injuries. Salter-Harris type II fractures of the proximal phalanx are the most common type of finger fracture...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Hae-Young Lee, Chan-Soon Park, Sang-Hoon Na, Kyung-Jin Kim, Chan Joo Lee, Sungha Park
A 47-year-old woman was admitted via emergency department due to dyspnea NYHA Fc II-III aggravated for 2 months after upper respiratory infection. Her height and body weight were 161 cm / 67 kg. Initial vital signs were 110/70 mmHg - 112 BPM - 24/min - 36.5°C. Chest PA showed cardiomegaly and pulmonary congestion (Figure 1). B-natriuretic peptide level was markedly increased (2002 pg/mL, normal range ≤ 100 pg/mL). The echocardiographic examination showed severely dilated LV cavity (61/72 mm) and severe LV systolic dysfunction (EF 28%) with normal left ventricular wall thickness (9/11 mm) (Figure 2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Robert P Olympia, Robert Wilkinson, Jennifer Dunnick, Brendan J Dougherty, Debra Zauner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe pediatric emergency department (ED) referrals from urgent care centers and to determine the percentage of referrals considered essential and serious. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted between April 2013 and April 2015 on patients younger than 21 years referred directly to an ED in central Pennsylvania from surrounding urgent care centers. Referrals were considered essential or serious based on investigations/procedures performed or medications/consultations received in the ED...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Tommy Y Kim, Kristin Ratnayake
Minor cervical spine injury is a common cause of pediatric emergency department visits. We present a case of a 10-year-old boy with transient paresthesia after minor cervical trauma found to have a rare cervical spine abnormality requiring surgical fusion. We present and discuss the management options for os odontoideum.
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
James A Meltzer, Sergey Kunkov, Jennifer H Chao, Ee Tein Tay, Jerry P George, David Borukhov, Stephen Alerhand, Prince A Harrison, Jeffrey Hom, Ellen F Crain
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether increased time from emergency department (ED) triage to appendectomy is associated with a greater risk of children developing appendiceal perforation. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study of children younger than 18 years hospitalized with appendicitis. To avoid enrolling patients who had perforated prior to ED arrival, we included only children who had a computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrating nonperforated appendicitis...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Sun Hwa Lee, Seokyong Ryu, Seoung Won Choi, Hye Jin Kim, Tae Kyug Kang, Sung Chan Oh, Suk Jin Cho, Jae Hoon Lee, Euy Suk Chung, Myoung Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection in pregnancy is relatively rare, but it is often fatal. The estimated incidence of aortic dissection in the general population is 2.9 per 100,000 person-years. Early recognition and treatment of aortic dissections are crucial for survival. Whereas the majority of patients who present with aortic dissection are older than 50 years of age and have a history of hypertension, younger patients with connective tissue disease, bicuspid aortic valves, or a family history of aortic dissection are also at increased risk for developing this condition...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Christopher Thom, Mary Warlaumont
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound has an increasing role in characterizing soft-tissue infections and has been described previously in the evaluation of necrotizing fasciitis (NF). The identification of air within the soft tissues can be very suggestive of NF in the correct clinical context. CASE REPORT: A 78-year-old male presented to the emergency department with extensive lower-extremity redness and edema. A point-of-care ultrasound revealed hyperechoic areas within the soft tissues consistent with air, and the patient was taken to surgery and found to have NF...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lyndsey S Benson, Elizabeth A Micks, Carly Ingalls, Sarah W Prager
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between obesity and surgical abortion complications in the outpatient setting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 4,968 women undergoing surgical abortion at a large outpatient clinic network from September 2012 to July 2014. We used log-binomial regression to evaluate body mass index (BMI) as an independent risk factor for first- and second-trimester abortion complications. Body mass index was analyzed as both a continuous and categorical predictor...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Rahul Gujrathi, Kanchan Gupta, Chetan Ravi, Bhujang Pai
BACKGROUND: Sciatica has been classically described as pain in the back and hip with radiation in the leg along the distribution of the sciatic nerve, secondary to compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve. Spinal abnormality being the most common etiology, is one of the most common indications for MRI of the lumbosacral spine. Here we describe imaging findings secondary to a supralevator perianal abscess causing irritation of the sciatic nerve, which was diagnosed on MRI of the lumbosacral spine...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Jiro Kimura, Kenji Okumura, Hideki Katagiri, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Ken Mizokami, Tadao Kubota
INTRODUCTION: Omental hemorrhage results from rupture of the omental vessels. There are many causes of omental hemorrhage including trauma, aneurysm, and vasculitis. Idiopathic omental hemorrhage is a rare cause of an acute abdomen, which is potentially life-threatening. We report a patient with idiopathic omental hemorrhage, which may have been caused by overeating. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old man without a history of trauma, bleeding disorders, or other significant medical history, presented with left upper quadrant pain, which began after overeating the previous evening...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ting-Chia Yeh
BACKGROUND: Duodenum diverticulum is the most common site for diverticular disease of small intestine. Most of duodenal diverticulum are asymptomatic, but complicated or perforated duodenal diverticulum is rare. Nonoperative management is attractive in selected patients, because of higher surgical complications. We suggest the use of a minimally invasive operative method as an alternative approach for the management of complicated duodenal diverticulum, especially when conservative treatment has failed...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Mikael L Soucisse, Kerianne Boulva, Lucas Sideris, Pierre Drolet, Michel Morin, Pierre Dubé
BACKGROUND: As surgical training is evolving and operative exposure is decreasing, new, effective, and experiential learning methods are needed to ensure surgical competency and patient safety. Video coaching is an emerging concept in surgery that needs further investigation. DESIGN: In this randomized controlled trial conducted at a single teaching hospital, participating residents were filmed performing a side-to-side intestinal anastomosis on cadaveric dog bowel for baseline assessment...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
John W Scott, Joaquim M Havens, Lindsey L Wolf, Cheryl K Zogg, John A Rose, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act has the potential to significantly affect access to care for previously uninsured patients in need of emergency general surgical care. Our objective was to determine the relationship between insurance status and disease complexity at presentation among a national sample of emergency general surgical patients. METHODS: Data from the National Emergency Department Sample from 2006-2009 were queried to identify all patients aged 18-64 years old admitted through the emergency department with a primary diagnosis of appendicitis, diverticulitis, inguinal hernia, or bowel obstruction...
October 3, 2016: Surgery
Andrea Fabiani, Massimo Calabrese, Alessandra Filosa, Fabrizio Fioretti, Valentina Maurelli, Michele Scandola, Stefano Noventa, Flavia Tombolini, Francesco Catanzariti, Lucilla Servi, Gabriele Mammana
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Testicular torsion must be diagnosed quickly and accurately. The delay of the diagnosis and the subsequent delay of surgery may lead to loss testicular viability and orchidectomy. Aim of our retrospective evaluation was to define which element should be considered as major support to the clinician in distinguishing spermatic cord torsion from the other diseases mimicking this clinical emergency requiring surgical exploration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all clinical and instrumental data of emergency scrotal exploration performed for acute scrotal pain at two different Urological Department in a 10 year period...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Daniela Alves, Maria Eufémia Calmeiro, Rosa Silva, Hugo Coelho
A 70-year-old man with a history of prostate cancer, previously submitted to surgical castration and trans-urethral resection of the prostate, was admitted to Accident and Emergency department. He had been suffering from osteoarticular and abdominal pain, and recent weight loss. An abdominal and a pelvic CT showed multiple hepatic metastases and a pelvic mass, but his prostate-specific antigen values were low (0.26 n/mL). A biopsy of a hepatic metastasis and of the pelvic mass revealed a small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer, a rare and aggressive androgen-independent form of prostate cancer with a poor prognosis...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Abhishek Shukla, Nitin Shrivastava, Chirom Amit Singh, Brusabhanu Nayak
Background: Zygomycoses are uncommon, frequently fatal diseases caused by fungi of the class Zygomycetes. The majority of human cases are caused by Mucorales (genus-rhizopus, mucor, and absidia) fungi. Renal involvement is uncommon and urine microscopy, pottasium hydroxide mount, and fungal cultures are frequently negative. Case Presentation: A twenty-one-year-old young unmarried lady presented to our emergency department with bilateral flank pain, fever, nausea, and decreased urine output of one-month duration...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Matthew R Moralle, Nicholas D Stekas, Mark C Reilly, Michael S Sirkin, Mark R Adams
INTRODUCTION: Chronic osteomyelitis is a disease that requires fastidious treatment to eliminate. However, when eradication is unable to be achieved through exhaustive modalities of antibiotic therapy and multiple debridements, significant resection of the infected bone and soft tissue must be considered, including amputation. Here we report of a salvage procedure for chronic osteomyelitis of the left tibia by employing a rotationplasty to avoid an above knee amputation and instead provide the patient with a below knee amputation...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"