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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161535/effect-of-dedicated-lactation-support-services-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#1
Sharareh Gharib, Molly Fletcher, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Beatrice E Lechner
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with major benefits for high-risk infants born prematurely, yet this population faces significant challenges to breastfeeding. Lactation services provide successful interventions, yet the impact of lactation services on breastfeeding outcomes in preterm infants is understudied. Research aim: The provision of full-time lactation support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) will improve quantitative breastfeeding measures in premature infants...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161528/changes-in-speech-language-pathology-students-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-during-a-pediatric-dysphagia-course
#2
Jamie Mahurin-Smith
BACKGROUND: Speech-language pathologists provide infant feeding assessment and intervention; their training in breastfeeding management is highly variable. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate student attitudes toward breastfeeding and self-identified factors in attitude change. METHODS: Before and after their course in pediatric dysphagia, two cohorts of graduate students in speech-language pathology ( N = 36) completed an assignment designed to capture qualitative and quantitative data on changes in their attitudes toward breastfeeding...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143594/the-gene-smart-study-method-study-design-and-preliminary-findings
#3
REVIEW
Xu Yan, Nir Eynon, Ioannis D Papadimitriou, Jujiao Kuang, Fiona Munson, Oren Tirosh, Lannie O'Keefe, Lyn R Griffiths, Kevin J Ashton, Nuala Byrne, Yannis P Pitsiladis, David J Bishop
The gene SMART (genes and the Skeletal Muscle Adaptive Response to Training) Study aims to identify genetic variants that predict the response to both a single session of High-Intensity Interval Exercise (HIIE) and to four weeks of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). While the training and testing centre is located at Victoria University, Melbourne, three other centres have been launched at Bond University, Queensland University of Technology, Australia, and the University of Brighton, UK. Currently 39 participants have already completed the study and the overall aim is to recruit 200 moderately-trained, healthy Caucasians participants (all males 18-45 y, BMI < 30)...
November 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132414/effect-of-frenotomy-on-breastfeeding-variables-in-infants-with-ankyloglossia-tongue-tie-a-prospective-before-and-after-cohort-study
#4
Kathryn Muldoon, Louise Gallagher, Denise McGuinness, Valerie Smith
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) and its clinical impact on breastfeeding, including the benefits, or otherwise, of tongue-tie release (frenotomy). As exclusive breastfeeding rates in Ireland are already considerably low (46% on discharge home from the maternity unit following birth in 2014), it is imperative to protect and support breastfeeding, including identifying the associated effects that frenotomy might have on breastfeeding variables. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associated effects of frenotomy on breastfeeding variables in infants with ankyloglossia...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101865/maternal-and-paternal-experiences-and-satisfaction-with-a-co-parenting-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-canada
#5
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Long-standing suboptimal breastfeeding rates suggest the design of interventions to assist parents in meeting international recommendations is warranted. Targeting both parents is necessary given research that indicates partner support for breastfeeding increases initiation, duration and exclusivity. The objective of this study was to determine maternal and paternal satisfaction with the intervention they received while participating in a co-parenting breastfeeding support trial...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064280/prevalence-and-trends-in-donor-milk-use-in-the-well-baby-nursery-a-survey-of-northeast-united-states-birth-hospitals
#6
Mandy Brown Belfort, Kaitlin Drouin, Jennifer F Riley, Katherine E Gregory, Barbara L Philipp, Margaret G Parker, Sarbattama Sen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pasteurized donor human milk ("donor milk") is an alternative to formula for supplementation of breastfed infants. We conducted a survey to determine (1) prevalence, trends, and hospital-level correlates of donor milk use for healthy newborns in the northeast United States and (2) clinician knowledge and opinions regarding this practice. METHODS: We conducted parallel surveys of clinicians (88% nurse and/or lactation consultant) at (1) all birth hospitals in Massachusetts (MA) and (2) all birth hospitals served by a northeast United States milk bank...
October 24, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984530/development-and-evaluation-of-a-lactation-rotation-for-a-pediatric-residency-program
#7
Jennifer B Albert, Jody Heinrichs-Breen, Frank W Belmonte
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians promote and help manage breastfeeding. However, research has shown that they are not adequately prepared. To address this gap, a 2-week mandatory lactation rotation program was developed for first-year pediatric residents. Research aim: The aim of the study was to provide a lactation education program and to measure the residents' knowledge and perceived confidence regarding breastfeeding. METHODS: This longitudinal self-report pretest/posttest study was conducted with a convenience sample of 45 first-year pediatric residents...
November 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858104/oral-and-maxillofacial-non-hodgkin-lymphomas-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#8
Da Deng, Ying Wang, Weisong Liu, Yong Qian
RATIONALE: Lymphomas take up about 14% of all head-neck malignancies, out of which 97% are non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). The clinical courses, treatment responses, and prognoses of NHLs vary with different subtypes and anatomic sites. In the Chinese population (including the Taiwanese), head-neck NHLs are often seen with the tonsils, nasal cavity, nasal sinus, and the nasopharynx. However, oral NHLs are relatively rare. Delay of diagnosis is also often seen in clinical practice. Thus, we present 4 cases with delayed diagnosis of oral maxillofacial NHLs and discuss their clinical manifestations so as to draw a clue that can remind the doctors to take biopsies in time...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839512/relationship-between-capillary-refill-time-at-triage-and-abnormal-clinical-condition-a-prospective-study
#9
Claudia M Sansone, Fabiano Prendin, Greta Giordano, Paola Casati, Anne Destrebecq, Stefano Terzoni
BACKGROUND: Capillary refill time has been studied in literature as a perfusion indicator. Two pilot studies have proposed possible reference values in healthy adults. No data exist regarding capillary refill time as an indicator of abnormal clinical conditions in adults, which might be of help for triage nurses. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to assess if any relationships existed, between altered capillary refill time and abnormal clinical conditions in the emergency department...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#10
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813179/clinical-internships-for-the-next-generation-of-international-board-certified-lactation-consultants
#11
Vergie Hughes, Phyllis Kombol, Kathleen Donovan, Deborah Albert, Felisha Floyd, Angela Love-Zaranka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793196/licensure-of-the-international-board-certified-lactation-consultant-a-national-necessity-in-the-united-states
#12
Marsha Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780089/short-communication-prevalence-of-digital-dermatitis-in-canadian-dairy-cattle-classified-as-high-average-or-low-antibody-and-cell-mediated-immune-responders
#13
S L Cartwright, F Malchiodi, K Thompson-Crispi, F Miglior, B A Mallard
Lameness is a major animal welfare issue affecting Canadian dairy producers, and it can lead to production, reproduction, and health problems in dairy cattle herds. Although several different lesions affect dairy cattle hooves, studies show that digital dermatitis is the most common lesion identified in Canadian dairy herds. It has also been shown that dairy cattle classified as having high immune response (IR) have lower incidence of disease compared with those animals with average and low IR; therefore, it has been hypothesized that IR plays a role in preventing infectious hoof lesions...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759264/breastfeeding-education-and-support-services-provided-to-family-medicine-and-obstetrics-gynecology-residents
#14
Elizabeth Rodriguez Lien, Karen Shattuck
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding education is known to be insufficient in pediatric (PEDS) training and is, in part, responsible for suboptimal rates of breastfeeding. No recent studies about the level of education provided to family medicine (FM) and obstetrics-gynecology (OB) residency trainees are available. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate breastfeeding education and support services provided to FM and OB residents in the United States. The results were compared with a 2011 study of PEDS residents...
November 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719785/2017-international-lactation-consultant-association%C3%A2-conference-knowledge-diversity-equity
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719783/making-sense-of-studies-that-claim-benefits-of-frenotomy-in-the-absence-of-classic-tongue-tie
#16
Pamela Douglas
By performing an in-depth analysis of one high profile example, this article aims to help breastfeeding support professionals understand the methodological flaws that characterize recent studies claiming to show the efficacy of frenotomy for the diagnoses of posterior tongue-tie and upper lip-tie. The example study does not address definitional confusion or control for the effects of the passage of time. It does not consider the effects of caring attention, validation, and lactation consultant support. It also does not consider the extensive research over the past three decades that has established that reflux in the first 6 months of life is benign, even though increased reflux frequency may correlate with unsettled infant behavior...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710905/administration-of-fortifier-by-finger-feeder-during-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants
#17
Margarita Thanhaeuser, Alexandra Kreissl, Claudia Lindtner, Sophia Brandstetter, Angelika Berger, Nadja Haiden
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptance, adherence, and feasibility of fortifier administration by finger feeder during breastfeeding and to determine weight, length, and head circumference gains after discharge for preterm infants. DESIGN: Observational pilot study. SETTING: A Level III NICU and its outpatient clinic in Vienna, Austria. PARTICIPANTS: Infants born at younger than 34 weeks gestation were included. METHODS: Mothers were screened in a tertiary NICU and trained by certified lactation consultants to administer fortifier with a finger feeder during breastfeeding...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709079/breastfeeding-initiation-duration-and-exclusivity-in-mothers-with-epilepsy-from-south-west-china
#18
Nanya Hao, Han Jiang, Mengqian Wu, Tianying Pan, Bo Yan, Jie Liu, Jie Mu, Wenyu Liu, Jinmei Li, Terence J O'Brien, Zhibin Chen, Frank Vajda, Dong Zhou
PURPOSES: 1) To study the breastfeeding initiation, duration and exclusivity rates, and common reasons for early weaning in Chinese mothers with epilepsy (MWE); 2) To identify potential perinatal breastfeeding correlations with selected sociodemographic and clinical factors. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 281 MWE attending hospitals in South-west China from February 2014 to July 2015. Data about breastfeeding behaviors, sociodemographic, obstetric, and epileptic variables were collected...
September 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704470/mammary-candidiasis-a-medical-condition-without-scientific-evidence
#19
Esther Jiménez, Rebeca Arroyo, Nivia Cárdenas, María Marín, Pilar Serrano, Leonides Fernández, Juan M Rodríguez
Many physicians, midwives and lactation consultants still believe that yeasts (particularly Candida spp.) play an important role as an agent of nipple and breast pain despite the absolute absence of scientific proofs to establish such association. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate the microorganisms involved in sore nipples and/or painful "shooting" breastfeeding by using a variety of microscopy techniques, as well as culture-dependent and-independent identification methods. Initially, 60 women (30 diagnosed as suffering "mammary candidiasis" and 30 with no painful breastfeeding) were recruited to elucidate the role of their pumps on the milk microbial profiles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692728/effect-of-a-baby-led-approach-to-complementary-feeding-on-infant-growth-and-overweight-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rachael W Taylor, Sheila M Williams, Louise J Fangupo, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Lisa Daniels, Elizabeth A Fleming, Jenny McArthur, Brittany Morison, Liz Williams Erickson, Rhondda S Davies, Sabina Bacchus, Sonya L Cameron, Anne-Louise M Heath
Importance: Baby-led approaches to complementary feeding, which promote self-feeding of all nonliquid foods are proposed to improve energy self-regulation and lower obesity risk. However, to date, no randomized clinical trials have studied this proposition. Objective: To determine whether a baby-led approach to complementary feeding results in a lower body mass index (BMI) than traditional spoon-feeding. Design, Setting, and Participants: The 2-year Baby-Led Introduction to Solids (BLISS) randomized clinical trial recruited 206 women (168 [81...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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