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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181667/water-usage-in-the-gaza-strip-recommendations-from-a-literature-review-and-consultations-with-experts
#1
Emily MacDonald, Bernardo Guzman Herrador, Susanne Hyllestad, Vidar Lund, Karin Nygård, Line Vold, Mohamed Lafi, Walaa Ammar, Bjørn Iversen
Water quality in the Gaza Strip has been severely compromised due to increasing salinity, contamination with pollutants, and lack of adequate treatment options. To provide the population of the Gaza Strip with advice on how to mitigate health risks from water we developed recommendations on using water from different sources for different purposes (such as for consumption, hygiene, amenities, and irrigation) based on a literature review and consultation with experts. Specific advice was developed for several vulnerable groups, including infants, children, pregnant or lactating women, and elderly people...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168053/breastfeeding-supports-and-services-in-rural-hawaii-perspectives-of-community-healthcare-workers
#2
Jeanie L Flood
Background. In the state of Hawaii, breastfeeding initiation rates are higher than the national average but fall below target rates for duration. Accessing breastfeeding support services is challenging for mothers living in rural areas of the state. Healthcare workers (HCWs) working with mothers and infants are in a key position to encourage and support breastfeeding efforts. The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of a Hawaiian community's (specifically Hilo, Hawai'i) breastfeeding service and support issues...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135480/workplace-lactation-support-in-milwaukee-county-5-years-after-the-affordable-care-act
#3
Tyler Lennon, Earnestine Willis
BACKGROUND: Workplace lactation support has become increasingly important because returning to work is associated with discontinuing breastfeeding and women in the workforce are increasing. Research aim: This study examined workplace lactation support among Milwaukee County businesses 5 years after implementation of the Affordable Care Act's Break Time for Nursing Mothers provision. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of Milwaukee County businesses was conducted in the summer of 2015 that inquired about workplace policies, lactation spaces, and other lactation resources offered...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110842/biomarkers-in-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department-after-exposure-to-acrylonitrile-in-a-major-railway-incident-involving-bulk-chemical-material
#4
Sebastiaan Colenbie, Walter Buylaert, Christophe Stove, Ellen Deschepper, Koenraad Vandewoude, Tom De Smedt, Michael Bader, Thomas Göen, An Van Nieuwenhuyse, Peter De Paepe
BACKGROUND: A railway incident with victims of exposure to the cyanogenic substance acrylonitrile (ACN). AIMS: We retrospectively (i)built an inventory of the clinical characteristics of individuals admitted to surrounding emergency departments (ED's) and (ii)studied the correlation between N-2-cyanoethylvaline (CEV), a biomarker used in a population study for evaluating exposure to ACN, with lactate and thiocyanate (SCN), biomarkers determined during emergency care...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099047/factors-influencing-the-breastfeeding-practices-of-young-mothers-living-in-a-maternity-shelter
#5
Rosann Edwards, Wendy E Peterson, Joy Noel-Weiss, Cathryn Shearer Fortier
BACKGROUND: Young mothers have the lowest breastfeeding rates in Canada. Young mothers and their infants who access maternity shelters are especially at risk for poor outcomes, some of which breastfeeding may help to mitigate, yet little is known of the breastfeeding practices of this population. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to answer the research question, "What factors influence the breastfeeding practices of young mothers who live or have lived in a maternity shelter?" METHODS: The study was conducted using interpretive description methodology and inductive content analysis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030366/nicu-nurses-and-lactation-based-support-and-care
#6
Elizabeth Froh, Katherine Dahlmeier, Diane L Spatz
BACKGROUND: The provision of human milk and breastfeeding is essential in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population. However, recent national research has demonstrated very low percentages of NICU nurses providing lactation-based support and care to patients and families, and less than half of all NICUs have an International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) on staff. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe how NICU bedside nurses are providing lactation-based support and care during their shifts and the frequency of that support...
December 27, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027445/efficacy-of-an-osteopathic-treatment-coupled-with-lactation-consultations-for-infants-biomechanical-sucking-difficulties
#7
Juliette Herzhaft-Le Roy, Marianne Xhignesse, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Despite well-known recommendations from national and international bodies including the World Health Organization, few mothers achieve the goal of breastfeeding exclusively for 6 months. Half of mothers stop breastfeeding due to biomechanical issues in the first month, despite increasing support from lactation consultants. Osteopaths worldwide work with these babies, but there is little empirical evidence for this type of treatment. Research aim: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of an osteopathic treatment coupled with usual lactation consultations on infants' ability to latch...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009330/failure-to-initiate-breastfeeding-among-high-risk-obstetrical-patients-who-intended-to-breastfeed
#8
L Cordero, R Oza-Frank, M Moore-Clingenpeel, M B Landon, C A Nankervis
BACKGROUND: In the US, at the time of discharge from the hospital, 79% of women had initiated breastfeeding. Intention to breastfeed is a strong predictor of breastfeeding initiation; however, we reported initiation failure in 45% of women with pregestational diabetes who intended to breastfeed. Information regarding intention and initiation among women with other high risk obstetrical conditions (HROB) remains scarce. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain demographic and clinical factors associated with breastfeeding initiation failure among women with HROB conditions who intended to breastfeed...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005135/psychopharmacotherapy-in-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#9
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Antonio Simone Laganà, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Veronica Currò, Gianluca Pandolfo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Antonio Bruno
Importance: Fifteen percent to 20% of pregnant women suffer from mental disorders, and 86% of them are not treated due to potential teratogenic risks for the fetus. Several drugs seem to be safe during pregnancy but knowledge regarding risks of antenatal exposure to drugs is still limited. Objective: The aim of this article is to provide a review of literature, data, and a clinical guideline concerning the treatment and management of mental disorders during pregnancy and lactation...
December 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922724/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-for-increasing-breastfeeding-duration
#10
REVIEW
Pisake Lumbiganon, Ruth Martis, Malinee Laopaiboon, Mario R Festin, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is well recognised as the best food source for infants. The impact of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education on the duration of BF has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education for increasing BF initiation and duration. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register on 1 March 2016, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to 1 March 2016) and Scopus (January 1985 to 1 March 2016)...
6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895700/intervention-based-on-basnef-model-increases-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sheler Ahmadi, Farideh Kazemi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Parisa Parsa, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the effect of a consultation model, Beliefs, Attitudes, Subjective Norms and Enabling Factors (BASNEF), and the counselling steps using GATHER-Greet clients, Ask clients about themselves, Tell clients about their choices, Help clients choose, Explain what to do, and Return for follow-up-on the continuation rates of exclusive breastfeeding in mothers of premature infants. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial carried out on 124 mothers with premature infants hospitalized in Fatemieh Hospital, city of Hamadan, in 2014...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895489/health-provider-experiences-with-galactagogues-to-support-breastfeeding-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Alessandra N Bazzano, Lisa Littrell, Amelia Brandt, Shelley Thibeau, Kamala Thriemer, Katherine P Theall
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding for infants up to 6 months is widely recommended, yet breastfeeding rates are relatively low in the US. The most common reason women stop breastfeeding early is a perceived insufficiency of milk. Galactagogues are herbal and pharmaceutical products that can help increase milk supply; however, data on their efficacy and safety is limited. Lactation consultants, obstetricians, and other health providers are an important point of contact for breastfeeding women experiencing challenges with lactation...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893295/medical-directors-of-breastfeeding-programs-at-academic-medical-centers-duties-and-challenges
#13
Casey B Rosen-Carole
INTRODUCTION: An emerging trend in Academic Medical Centers (AMCs) is to coordinate breastfeeding care, research, and trainee education through "medical director" positions. Little is known about their duties, supports, and challenges. OBJECTIVE: To determine the duties and challenges of directors of breastfeeding medicine in AMCs. METHODS: A survey was distributed four times over a 3-month period to three listservs with a total of 860 members...
November 28, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856993/a-review-of-worksite-lactation-accommodations
#14
Elizabeth Dianne Hilliard
The purpose of this review was to examine workplace lactation accommodations, and their association with breastfeeding duration, and identify strategies occupational health professionals can use to promote lactation improvements. This study included literature published from 1985 through 2015 and listed in PubMed and CINAHL. Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), 11 articles were identified for review. Presence of a corporate lactation program, on-site child care, and return to work/telephone lactation consultation were consistently associated with breastfeeding at 6 months...
January 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827287/-domperidone-to-promote-lactation
#15
N van Paassen, A M van der Starre, L M Hanff, S C Yap, T Roorda Wierenga, M J Vermeulen
- Breast milk is the best diet for all newborns, especially premature newborns.- In case of insufficient production of breast milk, feeding and extraction techniques should be optimized first, preferably supported by a lactation consultant. When supportive measures fail, domperidone to promote milk production can be considered.- The risk of side effects in newborns is negligible. The risk of maternal arrhythmias associated with QTc prolongation is low as long as domperidone is prescribed in low doses (10 mg tds)...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783141/emergency-abdominal-surgery-in-the-elderly-can-we-predict-mortality
#16
Anna E Sharrock, Jenny McLachlan, Robert Chambers, Ian S Bailey, James Kirkby-Bott
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom population is ageing. Half of patients requiring an emergency laparotomy are aged over 70, 20 % die within 30 days, and less than half receive good care. Frailty and delay in management are associated with poor surgical outcomes. P-POSSUM risk scoring is widely accepted, but its validity in patients aged over 70 undergoing emergency laparotomy is unclear. AIMS: To assess if P-POSSUM risk stratification reliably predicts inpatient mortality in this group and establish whether those who died within 30 days received delayed care...
February 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644007/the-impact-of-hospital-resources-and-availability-of-professional-lactation-support-on-maternity-care-results-of-breastfeeding-surveys-2009-2014
#17
Barbara A Dennison, Trang Nguyen, Deborah J Gregg, Wei Fan, Changning Xu
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides maternal and infant health benefits. Maternity care practices encompassed in the 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are positively associated with improved breastfeeding outcomes. This study assessed changes in maternity care practices and lactation support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2009, 2011, and 2014, New York (NY) hospitals providing maternity care services were surveyed to assess the implementation of 9 of the 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding, professional lactation support, distribution of formula and discharge packs, and patient and hospital barriers to breastfeeding success...
September 19, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630748/engagement-with-and-outcomes-of-a-midwifery-led-intervention-group-for-pregnant-women-of-high-body-mass-index
#18
Sarah R Chwah, Amanda Reilly, Beverley Hall, Anthony J O'Sullivan, Amanda Henry
AIMS: To compare pregnancy care, maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with Body Mass Index (BMI) >30 enrolled in a Weight Intervention Group versus other models of antenatal care. METHODS: Retrospective, case-control study of mothers with BMI >30 managed with a specialised programme versus age-matched women enrolled in standard models of care. RESULTS: One thousand, one hundred and fifteen of 9954 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies, had a BMI >30, of whom 9...
September 2016: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623793/safety-of-mebendazole-use-during-lactation-a-case-series-report
#19
Nour Karra, Rana Cohen, Maya Berlin, Natalie Dinavitser, Gideon Koren, Matitiahu Berkovitch
INTRODUCTION: Mebendazole is an effective drug widely used in the treatment of parasitic infections. Although theoretically considered as safe during lactation, no studies have evaluated its potential adverse effects in infants of breastfeeding mothers. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the safety of mebendazole in infants of lactating women treated with the drug. METHODS: Women referred for consultation regarding mebendazole use were invited to participate in the study...
September 2016: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610443/overcoming-challenges-faced-by-breastfeeding-mothers
#20
Lisa H Amir, Anita Bearzatto
BACKGROUND: Women who are breastfeeding often consult their general practitioner (GP) with concerns about nipple and breast pain, or the adequacy of their milk supply. Common concerns for their breastfed infant include slow weight gain, 'fussiness' with breastfeeding and 'funny stools'. OBJECTIVE: This article offers suggestions for clinicians to support breastfeeding women and their infants. DISCUSSION: Good attachment to the breast is important to reduce nipple pain and trauma, and to ensure adequate breast drainage and ongoing milk supply...
August 2016: Australian Family Physician
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