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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302309/best-practices-for-chiropractic-care-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-update
#1
Cheryl Hawk, Michael J Schneider, Mitchell Haas, Paul Katz, Paul Dougherty, Brian Gleberzon, Lisa Z Killinger, John Weeks
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to update evidence-based recommendations on the best practices for chiropractic care of older adults. METHODS: The project consisted of a systematic literature review and a consensus process. The following were searched from October 2009 through January 2016: MEDLINE, Index to Chiropractic Literature, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), Alt HealthWatch, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Registry of Controlled Trials...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301070/substance-use-disorders-and-the-risk-of-suicide-mortality-among-men-and-women-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#2
Kipling M Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen, Samantha Louzon, John F McCarthy, Ira R Katz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited information is available regarding links between specific substance use disorders (SUDs) and suicide mortality; however, the preliminary evidence that is available suggests that suicide risk associated with SUDs may differ for men and women. This study aimed to estimate associations between SUDs and suicide for men and women receiving Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. DESIGN: A cohort study using national administrative health records...
March 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291801/early-diagnosis-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia-through-basic-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-development-of-a-new-evaluation-tool
#3
Elise Cornelis, Ellen Gorus, Ingo Beyer, Ivan Bautmans, Patricia De Vriendt
BACKGROUND: Assessment of activities of daily living (ADL) is paramount to determine impairment in everyday functioning and to ensure accurate early diagnosis of neurocognitive disorders. Unfortunately, most common ADL tools are limited in their use in a diagnostic process. This study developed a new evaluation by adopting the items of the Katz Index (basic [b-] ADL) and Lawton Scale (instrumental [i-] ADL), defining them with the terminology of the International Classification of Human Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), adding the scoring system of the ICF, and adding the possibility to identify underlying causes of limitations in ADL...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282653/comparison-of-in-person-versus-telephone-interviews-for-early-syphilis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-king-county-washington-2010-2014
#4
Christine L Heumann, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: The relative effectiveness of in-person versus telephone interviews for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease partner services (PS) is uncertain. METHODS: We compared outcomes of in-person versus telephone PS interviews for early syphilis (ES) and newly diagnosed HIV in King County, Washington from 2010 to 2014. We used multivariable Poisson regression to evaluate indices (number of partners per original patient [OP]) for partners named, notified, tested, diagnosed, and treated (ES only)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281456/insulin-resistance-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-contributing-factors-and-relationship-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#5
Hiurma Sánchez-Pérez, Beatriz Tejera-Segura, Antonia de Vera-González, Alejandra González-Delgado, José Manuel Olmos, José Luis Hernández, Alfonso Corrales, Raquel López-Mejías, Miguel Angel González-Gay, Iván Ferraz-Amaro
OBJECTIVES: Insulin resistance (IR) plays a role in the increased cardiovascular risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. This study aimed to determine the potential association of IR with disease activity, drug exposure and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with SLE. METHODS: This cross-sectional study encompassed 87 non-diabetic SLE patients and 82 sex-matched controls. Insulin and C-peptide serum levels, IR indexes by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2) (both insulin-based: HOMA2-IR, and with C-peptide: HOMA2-IR-C-peptide) and lipid profiles were assessed in patients and controls...
March 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273080/geospatial-distribution-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-and-its-association-with-social-determinants
#6
Clarissa Perez Faria, Graziela Maria Zanini, Gisele Silva Dias, Sidnei da Silva, Marcelo Bessa de Freitas, Ricardo Almendra, Paula Santana, Maria do Céu Sousa
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections remain among the most common infectious diseases worldwide. This study aimed to estimate their prevalence and provide a detailed analysis of geographical distribution of intestinal parasites in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, considering demographic, socio-economic, and epidemiological contextual factors. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The cross-section survey was conducted among individuals attending the Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases (FIOCRUZ, RJ) during the period from April 2012 to February 2015...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267475/impact-of-frailty-on-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#7
Pawel Kleczynski, Artur Dziewierz, Maciej Bagienski, Lukasz Rzeszutko, Danuta Sorysz, Jaroslaw Trebacz, Robert Sobczynski, Marek Tomala, Maciej Stapor, Dariusz Dudek
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the relation between frailty indices and 12-month mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: We included 101 consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis who have undergone TAVI. Frailty indices according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 recommendations (5-m walk test [5MWT] and hand grip strength) as well as other available scales of frailty (Katz index, Elderly Mobility Scale [EMS], Canadian Study of Health and Aging [CSHA] scale, Identification of Seniors at Risk [ISAR] scale) were assessed at baseline...
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259492/predictors-of-patient-reported-outcomes-of-total-joint-arthroplasty-in-a-developing-country
#8
Jennifer Bido, Ying H Yang, Jamie E Collins, Yan Dong, Daniel A Driscoll, Luis A Alcantara, Thomas S Thornhill, Jeffrey N Katz
BACKGROUND: In response to the growing burden of joint disease, developing countries are starting to create their own total joint arthroplasty (TJA) programs. To date, there has been limited research on predictors of TJA outcomes in a developing country. This investigation uses patient-reported outcome measures collected by a medical mission to assess predictors of TJA outcomes in the Dominican Republic. METHODS: Baseline and postoperative information from 156 of the mission's recipients of hip and knee TJA was used...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259425/incidence-associated-factors-and-clinical-impact-of-severe-infections-in-a-large-multicentric-cohort-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Íñigo Rúa-Figueroa, Javier López-Longo, María Galindo-Izquierdo, Jaime Calvo-Alén, Víctor Del Campo, Alejandro Olivé-Marqués, Sabina Pérez-Vicente, Antonio Fernández-Nebro, Mariano Andrés, Celia Erausquin, Eva Tomero, Loreto Horcada, Esther Uriarte, Mercedes Freire, Carlos Montilla, Ana Sánchez-Atrio, Gregorio Santos, Alina Boteanu, Elvira Díez-Álvarez, Javier Narváez, Víctor Martínez-Taboada, Lucía Silva-Fernández, Esther Ruiz-Lucea, José Luis Andreu, José Ángel Hernández-Beriain, Marian Gantes, Blanca Hernández-Cruz, José Pérez-Venegas, Ángela Pecondón-Español, Carlos Marras, Mónica Ibáñez-Barceló, Gema Bonilla, Vicente Torrente, Iván Castellví, Juan José Alegre, Joan Calvet, Jose Luis Marenco, Enrique Raya, Tomás Vázquez, Victor Quevedo, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Manuel Rodríguez-Gómez, Jesús Ibáñez, José M Pego-Reigosa
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of severe infection and investigate the associated factors and clinical impact in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort. METHODS: All patients in the Spanish Rheumatology Society Lupus Registry (RELESSER) who meet ≥4 ACR-97 SLE criteria were retrospectively investigated for severe infections. Patients with and without infections were compared in terms of SLE severity, damage, comorbidities, and demographic characteristics...
January 27, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244554/body-mass-index-and-its-relationship-with-disability-chronic-diseases-and-frailty-in-older-people-a-comparison-of-the-lipschitz-and-who-classifications
#10
F P A S Pessanha, L P Lustosa, J A O Carneiro, K Pfrimer, P G Fassini, N M C Alves, T L Pontes, J C Moriguti, N K C Lima, E Ferriolli
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric parameters are closely associated with the pathophysiology of frailty and with clinic and functional parameters assessed for its diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association of the nutritional status of older people as assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI) and functional disability, self-reported chronic diseases and frailty, comparing the use of two different classifications of BMI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243456/is-frailty-a-relevant-concept-in-sle
#11
Patricia P Katz, James Andrews, Jinoos Yazdany, Gabriela Schmajuk, Laura Trupin, Edward Yelin
OBJECTIVE: In geriatric populations, frailty is associated with poor health outcomes, including mortality. Frailty has not been examined in lupus, although components of the phenotype seem relevant. METHODS: Women with lupus (n=152) participated in research visits in 2008-2009. Frailty was assessed by Fried's frailty phenotype criteria: low weight/unintentional weight loss, slow gait (4-m walk using sex and height criteria), weakness (grip strength using gender and body mass index criteria), exhaustion (2 specific questions) and inactivity (from physical activity questionnaire)...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226049/predictors-for-the-functional-incapacity-of-the-elderly-in-primary-health-care
#12
Lívia Carvalho Pereira, Maria do Livramento Fortes Figueiredo, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Elaine Maria Leite Rangel Andrade, Maria Josefina da Silva, Antonio Francisco Machado Pereira
Objectives: to assess the predictors for the functional incapacity of the elderly in primary health care. Method: cross-sectional study, of which 388 older people participated, conducted in three Primary health care Units, using the Katz index and Lawton's scale. The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Results: regarding the degree of dependency for Basic Activities, 90.2% were less independent for dressing themselves; and for Instrumental Activities, 77...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223787/comparing-the-predictive-accuracy-of-frailty-comorbidity-and-disability-for-mortality-a-1-year-follow-up-in-patients-hospitalized-in-geriatric-wards
#13
Martin Ritt, Julia Isabel Ritt, Cornel Christian Sieber, Karl-Günter Gaßmann
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating and comparing the power of frailty, comorbidity, and disability instruments, together and in parallel, for predicting mortality are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the measures of frailty, comorbidity, and disability in predicting 1-year mortality in geriatric inpatients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND SETTING: A total of 307 inpatients aged ≥65 years in geriatric wards of a general hospital participated in the study...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214668/diabetes-and-disability-in-older-australians-the-australian-diabetes-obesity-and-lifestyle-ausdiab-study
#14
Digsu N Koye, Jonathan E Shaw, Dianna J Magliano
AIMS: To examine the association between diabetes and disability in older Australians and to identify factors that explain this association. METHODS: We analysed data from a subsample of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study (AusDiab) cohort. Disability was measured using the Katz questionnaire in those aged 60years or over and was defined as some difficulty in any of the Katz activities of daily living (ADL) questions. RESULTS: Among 2373 study participants aged 60years or above who had a disability assessment at the third wave of follow-up (2011-12), 255 (11%) reported at least some disability...
February 7, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209495/maternal-obesity-and-major-intraoperative-complications-during-cesarean-delivery
#15
Marcela C Smid, Catherine J Vladutiu, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Kim A Boggess, Tracy A Manuck, David M Stamilio
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated an association between maternal obesity and postoperative complications, but there is a dearth of information about the impact of obesity on intraoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between maternal obesity at delivery and major intraoperative complications during cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the deidentified Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit Cesarean Registry of women with singleton pregnancies...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159513/functional-status-decline-in-older-patients-with-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-after-cancer-treatment-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Doris van Abbema, Arnée van Vuuren, Franchette van den Berkmortel, Marjan van den Akker, Laura Deckx, Frank Buntinx, Roel van Kampen, Els Lambooij, Maaike de Boer, Judith de Vos-Geelen, Vivianne C Tjan-Heijnen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to disentangle the impact of age and that of cancer diagnosis and treatment on functional status (FS) decline in older patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with breast and colorectal cancer aged 50-69years and aged ≥70years who had undergone surgery, and older patients without cancer aged ≥70years were included. FS was assessed at baseline and after 12months follow-up, using the Katz index for activities of daily living (ADL) and the Lawton scale for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143509/a-protective-personal-factor-against-disability-and-dependence-in-the-elderly-an-ordinal-regression-analysis-with-nine-geographically-defined-samples-from-spain
#17
Javier Virues-Ortega, Saturio Vega, Manuel Seijo-Martinez, Pedro Saz, Fernanda Rodriguez, Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Susana Perez de Las Heras, Raimundo Mateos, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernandez, Josep Garre-Olmo, Jordi Gascon, Francisco Jose Garcia-Garcia, Manuel Fernandez-Martinez, Felix Bermejo-Pareja, Alberto Bergareche, Julian Benito-Leon, Jesus de Pedro-Cuesta
BACKGROUND: Sense of Coherence (SOC) is defined as a tendency to perceive life experiences as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. The construct is split in three major domains: Comprehensibility, Manageability, and Meaningfulness. SOC has been associated with successful coping strategies in the face of illness and traumatic events and is a predictor of self-reported and objective health in a variety of contexts. In the present study we aim to evaluate the association of SOC with disability and dependence in Spanish elders...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124275/influence-of-preoperative-therapy-on-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-patients-with-adenocarcinoma-of-the-ampulla-of-vater
#18
Jordan M Cloyd, Huamin Wang, Michael Overman, Jun Zhao, Jason Denbo, Laura Prakash, Michael P Kim, Rachna Shroff, Milind Javle, Gauri R Varadhachary, David Fogelman, Robert A Wolff, Eugene J Koay, Prajnan Das, Anirban Maitra, Thomas A Aloia, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Jason B Fleming, Jeffrey E Lee, Matthew H G Katz
INTRODUCTION: Although preoperative therapy is increasingly administered to patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, the role of preoperative therapy for patients with adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater is undefined. METHODS: All patients with ampullary cancer who were evaluated between 1999 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Differences in clinicopathologic characteristics, perioperative complications, and overall survival were compared between patients who underwent surgery de novo and those who received preoperative therapy before pancreatoduodenectomy...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116570/frailty-and-reduced-physical-function-go-hand-in-hand-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-us-observational-cohort-study
#19
James S Andrews, Laura Trupin, Edward H Yelin, Catherine L Hough, Kenneth E Covinsky, Patricia P Katz
Reduced physical function and health-related quality of life are common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and further studies are needed that examine novel determinates of reduced physical function in RA. This study examines whether frailty, a state of increased vulnerability to stressors, is associated with differences in self-reported physical function among adults with RA. Adults from a longitudinal RA cohort (n = 124) participated in the study. Using an established definition of frailty, individuals with three or more of the following physical deficits were classified as frail: (1) body mass index ≤18...
January 23, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112821/a-pilot-study-on-the-correlation-between-fat-fraction-values-and-glucose-uptake-values-in-supraclavicular-fat-by-simultaneous-pet-mri
#20
Andrew McCallister, Le Zhang, Alex Burant, Laurence Katz, Rosa Tamara Branca
PURPOSE: To assess the spatial correlation between MRI and 18F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) maps of human brown adipose tissue (BAT) and to measure differences in fat fraction (FF) between glucose avid and non-avid regions of the supraclavicular fat depot using a hybrid FDG-PET/MR scanner. METHODS: In 16 healthy volunteers, mean age of 30 and body mass index of 26, FF, R2*, and FDG uptake maps were acquired simultaneously using a hybrid PET/MR system while employing an individualized cooling protocol to maximally stimulate BAT...
January 23, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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