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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414806/cost-effectiveness-of-nurse-led-multifactorial-care-to-prevent-or-postpone-new-disabilities-in-community-living-older-people-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Jacqueline J Suijker, Janet L MacNeil-Vroomen, Marjon van Rijn, Bianca M Buurman, Sophia E de Rooij, Eric P Moll van Charante, Judith E Bosmans
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of nurse-led multifactorial care to prevent or postpone new disabilities in community-living older people in comparison with usual care. METHODS: We conducted cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses alongside a cluster randomized trial with one-year follow-up. Participants were aged ≥ 70 years and at increased risk of functional decline. Participants in the intervention group (n = 1209) received a comprehensive geriatric assessment and individually tailored multifactorial interventions coordinated by a community-care registered nurse with multiple follow-up visits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414066/factors-associated-with-maintenance-of-body-mass-index-in-the-jackson-heart-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-secondary-analysis
#2
Brandon J Auerbach, Ronit Katz, Katherine Tucker, Edward J Boyko, Adam Drewnowski, Alain Bertoni, Patricia Dubbert, DeMarc A Hickson, Adolfo Correa, Bessie A Young
The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship of diet quality, physical activity, and environmental factors with body mass index (BMI) maintenance in African American adults. We analyzed data from 4041 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a prospective cohort study based in Jackson, Mississippi. Exposures were baseline American Heart Association diet quality score, American Heart Association physical activity categories, the built environment, the food environment, and neighborhood safety. The outcome was weight maintenance or loss (no BMI increase ≥1...
April 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398076/refining-low-physical-activity-measurement-improves-frailty-assessment-in-advanced-lung-disease-and-survivors-of-critical-illness
#3
Matthew R Baldwin, Jonathan P Singer, Debbie Huang, Jessica Sell, Wendy C Gonzalez, Lauren Pollack, Mathew S Maurer, Frank F D'Ovidio, Matthew Bacchetta, Joshua R Sonett, Selim M Arcasoy, Lori Shah, Hilary Robbins, Steven R Hays, Jasleen Kukreja, John R Greenland, Rupal J Shah, Lorriana Leard, Matthew Morrell, Cynthia Gries, Patricia P Katz, Jason D Christie, Joshua M Diamond, David J Lederer
RATIONALE: The frail phenotype has gained popularity as a clinically relevant measure in adults with advanced lung disease and critical illness survivors. Since respiratory disease and chronic illness can greatly limit physical activity, the measurement of participation in traditional leisure-time activities as a frailty component may lead to substantial misclassification of frailty in pulmonary and critical care patients. OBJECTIVES: To test and validate replacing the Duke Activities Scale Index (DASI), a simple 12-item questionnaire, for the Minnesota Leisure Time Activities (MLTA), a detailed questionnaire covering 18 leisure time activities, as the measure of low activity in the Fried frailty phenotype instrument (FFP)...
April 11, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393498/the-impact-of-obesity-and-adiposity-on-inflammatory-markers-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Michael D George, Jon T Giles, Patricia P Katz, Bryant R England, Ted R Mikuls, Kaleb Michaud, Alexis R Ogdie-Beatty, Said Ibrahim, Grant W Cannon, Liron Caplan, Brian C Sauer, Joshua F Baker
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) are important disease activity biomarkers in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to determine to what extent obesity biases these biomarkers. METHODS: Body mass index (BMI) associations with CRP and ESR were assessed in two RA cohorts - 1) the cross-sectional Body Composition (BC) cohort (N = 451) including whole-body DXA measures of fat mass index, and 2) the longitudinal Veterans Affairs Rheumatoid Arthritis (VARA) registry (N = 1652), using multivariable models stratified by sex...
April 10, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382734/maternal-super-obesity-and-risk-for-intensive-care-unit-admission-in-the-mfmu-cesarean-registry
#5
Marcela C Smid, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Arthur J Vaught, Catherine J Vladutiu, Kim A Boggess, David M Stamilio
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is risk factor for intensive care unit (ICU) admission in non-pregnant populations. Less is known about maternal obesity and ICU admission risk. The objective of this study was to estimate the association between maternal obesity and ICU admission among women who delivered via cesarean or vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort analysis of women who delivered via VBAC or cesarean in the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit (MFMU) Cesarean Registry...
April 6, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379824/fitwits-tm-leads-to-improved-parental-recognition-of-childhood-obesity-and-plans-to-encourage-change
#6
Bethany A Edwards, Jonathan R Powell, Ann McGaffey, Valerie M P Wislo, Elaine Boron, Frank J D'Amico, Linda Hogan, Kristin Hughes, Ilene Katz Jewell, Diane J Abatemarco
INTRODUCTION: Brief tools are needed to help physicians and parents reach consensus on body mass index (BMI) categories for children and to discuss health-improving behaviors. This study tested the Fitwits(TM) intervention with interactive flashcards and before and- after surveys to improve parents' perceptions of children's BMI status. METHODS: We enrolled 140 parents and their 9- to 12-year-old children presenting for well child care, regardless of BMI status, scheduled with 53 Fitwits-trained physicians...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378429/impact-of-lifestyle-behavior-change-on-glycemic-control-in-youth-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Andrea Kriska, Laure El Ghormli, Kenneth C Copeland, Janine Higgins, Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Lorraine E Levitt Katz, Paula M Trief, Aimee D Wauters, Patrice M Yasuda, Linda M Delahanty
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the feasibility and impact of lifestyle intervention, determined by change in diet and cardiovascular fitness (CRF), on glycemic control in youth who are overweight with type 2 diabetes. This was examined in the Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) clinical trial cohort from across 15 US centers. SUBJECTS: TODAY enrolled 699 youth aged 10 to 17 years with type 2 diabetes <2 years and body mass index ≥85th percentile at baseline...
April 4, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346565/anticholinergic-burden-and-functional-status-in-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#8
V Boccardi, M Baroni, L Paolacci, S Ercolani, A Longo, M Giordano, C Ruggiero, P Mecocci
OBJECTIVE: The use of drugs with intrinsic anticholinergic properties is widespread among old age persons. A growing body of evidences suggest that a high anticholinergic burden is associated with physical and cognitive impairment. However, the association between anticholinergic drug use and functional status is still poorly investigated, particularly among subjects with initial cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining the association between drug-related anticholinergic burden and functional status in cognitively healthy (CH) (n=691), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n=541) or mild Alzheimer's diseases (AD) (n=1127) subjects...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340012/assessment-of-muscle-mass-relative-to-fat-mass-and-associations-with-physical-functioning-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Joshua F Baker, Jon T Giles, David Weber, Mary B Leonard, Babette S Zemel, Jin Long, Said Ibrahim, Patricia P Katz
Objectives.: To determine whether a novel measure of appendicular lean mass relative to fat mass is associated with physical functioning in RA. Methods.: In a cross-sectional design, three independent RA cohorts were retrospectively analysed. Whole-body DXA measures of appendicular lean mass index (ALMI, kg/m 2 ) and fat mass index (FMI, kg/m 2 ) were converted to age, sex and race-specific Z-scores using published National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reference ranges...
February 28, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328630/fluorescein-isothiocyanate-a-novel-application-for-lymphatic-surgery
#10
Lisa Spiguel, Christiana Shaw, Adam Katz, Lifei Guo, Hung-Chi Chen, Bernard T Lee, Dhruv Singhal
The Lymphatic Microsurgical Preventing Healing Approach (LYMPHA) procedure entails performing a lymphovenous bypass (LVB) at the time of axillary lymph node dissection to reduce lymphedema risk. The two most common fluorophores utilized in LVB are blue dye and indocyanine green. We developed a novel application of fluorescein isothiocyanate for intraoperative lymphatic mapping. Our goal is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of fluorescein isothiocyanate for this application. We reviewed a prospectively collected database on breast cancer patients who underwent LYMPHA from March to September 2015...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302309/best-practices-for-chiropractic-care-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-update
#11
Cheryl Hawk, Michael J Schneider, Mitchell Haas, Paul Katz, Paul Dougherty, Brian Gleberzon, Lisa Z Killinger, John Weeks
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to update evidence-based recommendations on the best practices for chiropractic care of older adults. METHODS: The project consisted of a systematic literature review and a consensus process. The following were searched from October 2009 through January 2016: MEDLINE, Index to Chiropractic Literature, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), Alt HealthWatch, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Registry of Controlled Trials...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301070/substance-use-disorders-and-the-risk-of-suicide-mortality-among-men-and-women-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#12
Kipling M Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen, Samantha Louzon, John F McCarthy, Ira R Katz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited information is available regarding links between specific substance use disorders (SUDs) and suicide mortality; however, the preliminary evidence that is available suggests that suicide risk associated with SUDs may differ for men and women. This study aimed to estimate associations between SUDs and suicide for men and women receiving Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. DESIGN: A cohort study using national administrative health records...
March 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291801/early-diagnosis-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia-through-basic-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-development-of-a-new-evaluation-tool
#13
Elise Cornelis, Ellen Gorus, Ingo Beyer, Ivan Bautmans, Patricia De Vriendt
BACKGROUND: Assessment of activities of daily living (ADL) is paramount to determine impairment in everyday functioning and to ensure accurate early diagnosis of neurocognitive disorders. Unfortunately, most common ADL tools are limited in their use in a diagnostic process. This study developed a new evaluation by adopting the items of the Katz Index (basic [b-] ADL) and Lawton Scale (instrumental [i-] ADL), defining them with the terminology of the International Classification of Human Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), adding the scoring system of the ICF, and adding the possibility to identify underlying causes of limitations in ADL...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282653/comparison-of-in-person-versus-telephone-interviews-for-early-syphilis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-king-county-washington-2010-2014
#14
Christine L Heumann, David A Katz, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Lisa E Manhart, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: The relative effectiveness of in-person versus telephone interviews for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease partner services (PS) is uncertain. METHODS: We compared outcomes of in-person versus telephone PS interviews for early syphilis (ES) and newly diagnosed HIV in King County, Washington from 2010 to 2014. We used multivariable Poisson regression to evaluate indices (number of partners per original patient [OP]) for partners named, notified, tested, diagnosed, and treated (ES only)...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281456/insulin-resistance-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-contributing-factors-and-relationship-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#15
Hiurma Sánchez-Pérez, Beatriz Tejera-Segura, Antonia de Vera-González, Alejandra González-Delgado, José Manuel Olmos, José Luis Hernández, Alfonso Corrales, Raquel López-Mejías, Miguel Angel González-Gay, Iván Ferraz-Amaro
OBJECTIVES: Insulin resistance (IR) plays a role in the increased cardiovascular risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. This study aimed to determine the potential association of IR with disease activity, drug exposure and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with SLE. METHODS: This cross-sectional study encompassed 87 non-diabetic SLE patients and 82 sex-matched controls. Insulin and C-peptide serum levels, IR indexes by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2) (both insulin-based: HOMA2-IR, and with C-peptide: HOMA2-IR-C-peptide) and lipid profiles were assessed in patients and controls...
March 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273080/geospatial-distribution-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-and-its-association-with-social-determinants
#16
Clarissa Perez Faria, Graziela Maria Zanini, Gisele Silva Dias, Sidnei da Silva, Marcelo Bessa de Freitas, Ricardo Almendra, Paula Santana, Maria do Céu Sousa
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections remain among the most common infectious diseases worldwide. This study aimed to estimate their prevalence and provide a detailed analysis of geographical distribution of intestinal parasites in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, considering demographic, socio-economic, and epidemiological contextual factors. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The cross-section survey was conducted among individuals attending the Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases (FIOCRUZ, RJ) during the period from April 2012 to February 2015...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267475/impact-of-frailty-on-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#17
Pawel Kleczynski, Artur Dziewierz, Maciej Bagienski, Lukasz Rzeszutko, Danuta Sorysz, Jaroslaw Trebacz, Robert Sobczynski, Marek Tomala, Maciej Stapor, Dariusz Dudek
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the relation between frailty indices and 12-month mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: We included 101 consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis who have undergone TAVI. Frailty indices according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 recommendations (5-m walk test [5MWT] and hand grip strength) as well as other available scales of frailty (Katz index, Elderly Mobility Scale [EMS], Canadian Study of Health and Aging [CSHA] scale, Identification of Seniors at Risk [ISAR] scale) were assessed at baseline...
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259492/predictors-of-patient-reported-outcomes-of-total-joint-arthroplasty-in-a-developing-country
#18
Jennifer Bido, Ying H Yang, Jamie E Collins, Yan Dong, Daniel A Driscoll, Luis A Alcantara, Thomas S Thornhill, Jeffrey N Katz
BACKGROUND: In response to the growing burden of joint disease, developing countries are starting to create their own total joint arthroplasty (TJA) programs. To date, there has been limited research on predictors of TJA outcomes in a developing country. This investigation uses patient-reported outcome measures collected by a medical mission to assess predictors of TJA outcomes in the Dominican Republic. METHODS: Baseline and postoperative information from 156 of the mission's recipients of hip and knee TJA was used...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259425/incidence-associated-factors-and-clinical-impact-of-severe-infections-in-a-large-multicentric-cohort-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Íñigo Rúa-Figueroa, Javier López-Longo, María Galindo-Izquierdo, Jaime Calvo-Alén, Víctor Del Campo, Alejandro Olivé-Marqués, Sabina Pérez-Vicente, Antonio Fernández-Nebro, Mariano Andrés, Celia Erausquin, Eva Tomero, Loreto Horcada, Esther Uriarte, Mercedes Freire, Carlos Montilla, Ana Sánchez-Atrio, Gregorio Santos, Alina Boteanu, Elvira Díez-Álvarez, Javier Narváez, Víctor Martínez-Taboada, Lucía Silva-Fernández, Esther Ruiz-Lucea, José Luis Andreu, José Ángel Hernández-Beriain, Marian Gantes, Blanca Hernández-Cruz, José Pérez-Venegas, Ángela Pecondón-Español, Carlos Marras, Mónica Ibáñez-Barceló, Gema Bonilla, Vicente Torrente, Iván Castellví, Juan José Alegre, Joan Calvet, Jose Luis Marenco, Enrique Raya, Tomás Vázquez, Victor Quevedo, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Manuel Rodríguez-Gómez, Jesús Ibáñez, José M Pego-Reigosa
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of severe infection and investigate the associated factors and clinical impact in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort. METHODS: All patients in the Spanish Rheumatology Society Lupus Registry (RELESSER) who meet ≥4 ACR-97 SLE criteria were retrospectively investigated for severe infections. Patients with and without infections were compared in terms of SLE severity, damage, comorbidities, and demographic characteristics...
January 27, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244554/body-mass-index-and-its-relationship-with-disability-chronic-diseases-and-frailty-in-older-people-a-comparison-of-the-lipschitz-and-who-classifications
#20
F P A S Pessanha, L P Lustosa, J A O Carneiro, K Pfrimer, P G Fassini, N M C Alves, T L Pontes, J C Moriguti, N K C Lima, E Ferriolli
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric parameters are closely associated with the pathophysiology of frailty and with clinic and functional parameters assessed for its diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association of the nutritional status of older people as assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI) and functional disability, self-reported chronic diseases and frailty, comparing the use of two different classifications of BMI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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