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Platelet Rich Blood

Tur-Fu Huang, Chun-Chieh Hsu, Yu-Ju Kuo
Snake venoms affect blood coagulation and platelet function in a complex manner. However, two classes of venom proteins, snaclecs and disintegrins have been shown to specifically target receptors including GPIb, α2β1, GPVI, CLEC-2 and integrins αIIbβ3, αvβ3, α5β1 expressed on platelets, endothelial cells, phagocytes, tumor cells, thus affecting cell-matrices and cell-cell interactions. Here, we focus on disintegrins, a class of low molecular mass Arg-Gly-Asp(RGD)/Lys-Gly-Asp(KGD)-containing, cysteine-rich polypeptide derived from various viper snake venoms...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Alberto de Castro Pochini, Eliane Antonioli, Daniella Zanetti Bucci, Luiz Roberto Sardinha, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Mario Ferretti, Benno Ejnisman, Anna Carla Goldberg, Moisés Cohen
Objective: To evaluate growth factors and cytokines in samples of platelet-rich plasma obtained by three different centrifugation methods. Methods: Peripheral blood of six individuals with no hematological diseases, aged 18 to 68 years, was drawn to obtain platelet-rich plasma, using the open method and commercial columns by Medtronic and Biomet. The products obtained with the different types of centrifugation were submitted to laboratory analysis, including pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by flow cytometry assays, the concentration of fibroblast growth factors-2 (FGF-2) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1)...
July 2016: Einstein
Hideo Masuki, Toshimitsu Okudera, Taisuke Watanebe, Masashi Suzuki, Kazuhiko Nishiyama, Hajime Okudera, Koh Nakata, Kohya Uematsu, Chen-Yao Su, Tomoyuki Kawase
BACKGROUND: The development of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) drastically simplified the preparation procedure of platelet-concentrated biomaterials, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and facilitated their clinical application. PRF's clinical effectiveness has often been demonstrated in pre-clinical and clinical studies; however, it is still controversial whether growth factors are significantly concentrated in PRF preparations to facilitate wound healing and tissue regeneration. To address this matter, we performed a comparative study of growth factor contents in PRP and its derivatives, such as advanced PRF (A-PRF) and concentrated growth factors (CGF)...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Mito Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Kawase, Kazuhiro Okuda, Larry F Wolff, Hiromasa Yoshie
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), a platelet-rich plasma (PRP) derivative mainly composed of fibrin networks, has been increasingly demonstrated to be effective in wound healing in clinical and pre-clinical animal studies. However, there has still been a concern that major growth factors may significantly be loss from PRF during its preparation through the slow clotting process. To address this concern, we compared the angiogenic potential of PRF and PRP by standardization of procedures based on volume ratios...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Mehmet Erol Can, Hasan Basri Çakmak, Gamze Dereli Can, Hatice Ünverdi, Yasin Toklu, Sema Hücemenoğlu
Purpose. To investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane on wound healing. Methods. Twenty-four right eyes of 24 New Zealand rabbits equally divided into 2 groups for the study design. After the creation of 5 × 5 mm conjunctival damage, it was secured with PRF membrane, which was generated from the rabbit's whole blood samples in PRF membrane group, whereas damage was left unsutured in the control group. Three animals were sacrificed in each group on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 28th postoperative days...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Roman Štukelj, Karin Schara, Apolonija Bedina-Zavec, Vid Šuštar, Manca Pajnič, Ljubiša Pađen, Judita Lea Krek, Veronika Kralj-Iglič, Anita Mrvar-Brečko, Rado Janša
During harvesting of nanovesicles (NVs) from blood, blood cells and other particles in blood are exposed to mechanical forces which may cause activation of platelets, changes of membrane properties, cell deformation and shedding of membrane fragments. We report on the effect of shear forces imposed upon blood samples during the harvesting process, on the concentration of membrane nanovesicles in isolates from blood. Mathematical models of blood flow through the needle during sampling with vacutubes and with free flow were constructed, starting from the Navier-Stokes formalism...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Peter Rubak, Steen D Kristensen, Anne-Mette Hvas
Immature platelets may contain more platelet enzymes such as cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 than mature platelets. Patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) have a higher fraction of immature platelets and can therefore be utilized as a biological model for investigating COX-1 and COX-2 platelet expression. The aims were to develop flow cytometric assays for platelet COX-1 and COX-2 and to investigate the COX-1 and COX-2 platelet expression, platelet turnover, and platelet glycoproteins in ITP patients (n = 10) compared with healthy individuals (n = 30)...
October 7, 2016: Platelets
Mubin Hosnuter, Cem Aslan, Daghan Isik, Gorkem Caliskan, Banu Arslan, Mustafa Durgun
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is increasingly being used in the treatment of chronic wounds, pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, and in cosmetic medicine; however, the preparation of platelet-rich plasma is both time-consuming and requires invasive intervention. Additional costs are introduced if special equipment is used during preparation. The aim of the present study is to test whether autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) preserves the feature of growth factor release when stored at -20 °C after preparation...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Georgia Karpathiou, Jean-Baptiste Giroult, Fabien Forest, Pierre Fournel, Alessandra Monaya, Marios Froudarakis, Jean Marc Dumollard, Jean Michel Prades, Marie Gavid, Michel Peoc'h
OBJECTIVES: Induction chemotherapy (IC) is occasionally used in head and neck cancer, leading to less extensive surgery and reduced need for irradiation. Factors predicting the response to IC have not been determined. In this study, we investigated the clinical and histopathologic factors that predict the response to IC. METHODS: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas from 81 patients were analyzed; clinical factors, histologic parameters, and expression of p16 and p53 were correlated with response to chemotherapy and prognosis...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Nathan R Brand, Robert O Opoka, Karen E S Hamre, Chandy C John
Lactic acidosis (LA) is a marker for mortality in severe malaria, but the mechanisms that lead to LA in the different types of severe malaria and the extent to which LA-associated mortality differs by type of severe malaria are not well described. We assessed the frequency of LA in children admitted to Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda with cerebral malaria (CM, n = 193) or severe malarial anemia (SMA, n = 216). LA was compared to mortality and measures of parasite biomass and sequestration (P. falciparum histidine-rich protein-2 (PfHRP2) concentration, platelet count), and to a measure of systemic tissue oxygen delivery (hemoglobin level)...
2016: PloS One
Stephanie A Houston, Azizah Ugusman, Sukanya Gnanadesikan, Simon Kennedy
Succinobucol is a phenolic antioxidant with anti-inflammatory and antiplatelet effects. Given the importance of oxidant stress in modulating platelet-platelet and platelet-vessel wall interactions, the aim of this study was to establish if antioxidant activity was responsible for the antiplatelet activity of succinobucol. Platelet aggregation in response to collagen and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) was studied in rabbit whole blood and platelet-rich plasma using impedance aggregometry. The effect of oxidant stress on aggregation, platelet lipid peroxides, and vascular tone was studied by incubating platelets, washed platelets or preconstricted rabbit iliac artery rings respectively with a combination of xanthine and xanthine oxidase (X/XO)...
September 29, 2016: Platelets
Luke Widstrom, Andrew Slattengren
Both approaches reduce pain, but the improvement with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is not clinically meaningful. Autologous blood injections (ABIs) are more effective than corticosteroid injections for reducing pain and disability in patients with tennis elbow in both the short and long term.
September 2016: Journal of Family Practice
Carola Cavallo, Alice Roffi, Brunella Grigolo, Erminia Mariani, Loredana Pratelli, Giulia Merli, Elizaveta Kon, Maurilio Marcacci, Giuseppe Filardo
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is a low-cost procedure to deliver high concentrations of autologous growth factors (GFs). Platelet activation is a crucial step that might influence the availability of bioactive molecules and therefore tissue healing. Activation of PRP from ten voluntary healthy males was performed by adding 10% of CaCl2, 10% of autologous thrombin, 10% of a mixture of CaCl2 + thrombin, and 10% of collagen type I. Blood derivatives were incubated for 15 and 30 minutes and 1, 2, and 24 hours and samples were evaluated for the release of VEGF, TGF-β1, PDGF-AB, IL-1β, and TNF-α...
2016: BioMed Research International
Anthony Jide Afolayan, Olubunmi Abosede Wintola, Gerda Fouche
The acute and subacute toxicity profile of the aerial extract of Monsonia angustifolia in Wistar rats was evaluated. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) 420 guideline was adopted in the acute toxicity testing with a single oral dose of 5000 mg/kg (b.w.). For the 28-day daily oral dosing, the extract was administered at 75, 150, and 300 mg/kg b.w.; 1% ethanol in sterile distilled water was used as control. Clinical toxicity signs were subsequently evaluated. At a single dose of 5000 mg/kg b...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Hojjat Afradi, Yassaman Saghaei, Zohre A Kachoei, Vahid Babaei, Shahram Teimourian
OBJECTIVE: Thalassemia is a heterogeneous group of congenital hemoglobinopathies caused by mutations in the globin gene complex that result in an unbalanced globin synthesis. Unmatched globin chains bind to the cytosolic surface of red blood cell membrane where they cause oxidative damage that might in part be responsible for membrane weakness. The deformability of red blood cells and hypercoagulable state in thalassemic patients have been incriminated in leg ulcer formation, as this might cause ischemia to the skin and consequently friability and ulceration...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Jinjiang Yang, Ying Lu, Ai Guo
Interleukin (IL)-1β-induced chondrocyte apoptosis is associated with the pathogenesis of arthritis. Platelet‑rich plasma (PRP), which is derived from the patient's own blood and contains numerous growth factors, has the potential for arthritis treatment. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the effects of PRP on chondrocyte apoptosis, under IL‑1β‑induced pathological conditions. Chondrocytes isolated from the knee joint of Sprague Dawley rats were used in the present study. Cell viability was determined using the Cell Counting kit‑8 assay, cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry, and the expression of apoptosis‑, anabolism‑ and catabolism-associated genes were detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction; protein expression was detected by western blot analysis...
September 23, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Giuseppe Filardo, Berardo Di Matteo, Elizaveta Kon, Giulia Merli, Maurilio Marcacci
PURPOSE: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is currently the most exploited strategy in the clinical practice to provide a regenerative stimulus for tendon healing. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the available evidence on the treatment of the main tendon disorders where PRP is currently applied. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed on the use of PRP as a treatment for tendinopathies focusing on the following sites: Achilles tendon, patellar tendon, rotator cuff tendons, and lateral elbow tendons...
September 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Erin P Childers, Gregory I Peterson, Alex B Ellenberger, Karen Domino, Gabrielle V Seifert, Matthew L Becker
The competitive absorption of blood plasma components including fibrinogen (FG), bovine serum albumin (BSA), and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on l-valine-based poly(ester urea) (PEU) surfaces were investigated. Using four different PEU polymers, possessing compositionally dependent trends in thermal, mechanical, and critical surface tension measurements, water uptake studies were carried out to determine in vitro behavior of the materials. Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) measurements were used to quantify the adsorption characteristics of PRP onto PEU thin films by coating the surfaces initially with FG or BSA...
October 10, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Nil Guler, Schuharazad Abro, Marty Emanuele, Omer Iqbal, Debra Hoppensteadt, Jawed Fareed
BACKGROUND: Poloxamer-188 (MST-188) is effective in the repair/recovery of damaged cell membranes. MST-188 is a promising agent for protecting blood cell viability. The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis that MST-188 can extend the duration of platelet function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 20 healthy volunteers. MST-188 (10 or 2 mg/mL) containing platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was prepared with 2 procedures. First, PRP prepared from MST-188 added whole blood (WB); second, MST-188 was added to PRP...
September 20, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Krystin Zeller Meidell, Ryan Robinson, Adriana Vieira-de-Abreu, Adam J Gormley, Hamidreza Ghandehari, David W Grainger, Robert A Campbell
Integrin-targeting peptide RGDfK-labeled gold nanorods (GNR) seek to improve hyperthermia targeted to solid tumors by exploiting the known up-regulation of integrin αvβ3 cell membrane proteins on solid tumor vasculature surfaces. Tumor binding specificity might be expected since surrounding tissues and endothelial cells have limited numbers of these receptors. However, RGD peptide binding to many proteins is promiscuous, with known affinity to several families of cell integrin receptors, and also possible binding to platelets after intravenous infusion via a different integrin receptor, αIIbβ3, on platelets...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
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