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co-habitation sleep

Sergio Garbarino, Paola Lanteri, Paolo Durando, Nicola Magnavita, Walter G Sannita
Sleep disorders are frequent (18%-23%) and constitute a major risk factor for psychiatric, cardiovascular, metabolic or hormonal co-morbidity and mortality. Low social status or income, unemployment, life events such as divorce, negative lifestyle habits, and professional requirements (e.g., shift work) are often associated with sleep problems. Sleep disorders affect the quality of life and impair both professional and non-professional activities. Excessive daytime drowsiness resulting from sleep disorders impairs efficiency and safety at work or on the road, and increases the risk of accidents...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kendra N Krietsch, Casey Lawless, David A Fedele, Christina S McCrae, David M Janicke
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric asthma and overweight/obesity (OV/OB) frequently co-occur and youth with both conditions exhibit poor sleep/bedtime habits. This study assessed differences in week-to-weekend bedtime/wake time variability among OV/OB youth with/without comorbid asthma, and tested whether variability predicted weekday sleep. METHODS: OV/OB youth (n = 142; 28% comorbid asthma; 7-12 years) wore an Accelerometer for 5 days (2 weekend days), providing estimates of week-to-weekend bedtime/wake-time variability, weekday Total Sleep Time (TST), weekday time in bed (TIB), and weekday wake after sleep onset (WASO)...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Helen M Milojevich, Angela F Lukowski
Whereas previous research has indicated that sleep problems tend to co-occur with increased mental health issues in university students, relatively little is known about relations between sleep quality and mental health in university students with generally healthy sleep habits. Understanding relations between sleep and mental health in individuals with generally healthy sleep habits is important because (a) student sleep habits tend to worsen over time and (b) even time-limited experience of sleep problems may have significant implications for the onset of mental health problems...
2016: PloS One
Tony Durkee, Vladimir Carli, Birgitta Floderus, Camilla Wasserman, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit A Balazs, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Paul Corcoran, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Christina W Hoven, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Bogdan Nemes, Vita Postuvan, Pilar A Saiz, Peeter Värnik, Danuta Wasserman
Risk-behaviors are a major contributor to the leading causes of morbidity among adolescents and young people; however, their association with pathological Internet use (PIU) is relatively unexplored, particularly within the European context. The main objective of this study is to investigate the association between risk-behaviors and PIU in European adolescents. This cross-sectional study was conducted within the framework of the FP7 European Union project: Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE)...
March 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Simone Thomas, Kate Lycett, Nicole Papadopoulos, Emma Sciberras, Nicole Rinehart
OBJECTIVE: This study (a) compared behavioral sleep problems in children with comorbid ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with those with ADHD and (b) examined child/family factors associated with sleep problems. METHOD: Cross-sectional study comparison of 392 children with a confirmed ADHD diagnosis (ADHD+ASD, n=93, ADHD, n=299) recruited from 21 peadiatric practises in Victoria, Australia. Data were collected from parents. Key measures included the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)...
December 4, 2015: Journal of Attention Disorders
Ling-Yun Fan, Yu Sun, Huey-Jane Lee, Shu-Chien Yang, Ta-Fu Chen, Ker-Neng Lin, Chung-Chi Lin, Pei-Ning Wang, Li-Yu Tang, Ming-Jang Chiu
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an association between lifestyle and marital status and risk of dementia is limited in Asia. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based cross-sectional survey, participants were selected by computerized random sampling from all 19 counties in Taiwan. A total of 10432 residents were assessed by a door-to-door in-person survey, among whom 7035 were normal and 929 were diagnosed with dementia using the criteria recommended by National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association...
2015: PloS One
Hedley Knewjen Quintana, Max Vikström, Tomas Andersson, Johan Hallqvist, Karin Leander
BACKGROUND: The validity of exposure data collected from proxy respondents of myocardial infarction patients has scarcely been studied. We assessed the level of disagreement between myocardial infarction patients and their spouses with respect to the reporting of the patient´s cardiovascular risk exposures. METHODS: Within the frame of the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program (SHEEP), a case-control study of risk factors of myocardial infarction performed in Stockholm county 1992-1994, a subset of 327 first time myocardial infarction cases aged 45-70 who survived >28 days after the event and who co-habited with a spouse or common-law spouse (proxy) were identified between 1993-04-05 and 1993-12-31...
2015: PloS One
Maria Teresa Ventura, Nicoletta Cassano, Paolo Romita, Michelangelo Vestita, Caterina Foti, Gino Antonio Vena
The guidelines for the management of urticaria in adults and children have been revised and updated recently. However, there are few data in the literature concerning several aspects of this disease in the elderly (e.g., epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical aspects, association with co-morbidities, efficacy and safety profiles of treatments, and management strategies). This is an obvious deficiency in the data, as this disease causes a deterioration in quality of life, affecting the quality of sleep, everyday life habits and activities, and inducing severe disability...
April 2015: Drugs & Aging
C L Srinivasa Murthy, Bhavneet Bharti, Prahbhjot Malhi, Alka Khadwal
OBJECTIVES: To describe the sleep patterns and problems in children aged between 12 and 36 mo of age. METHODS: This cross sectional survey was collected over a span of 1 y in Advanced Pediatric Centre, PGIMER, Chandigarh and crèches of Chandigarh. Children in the age group of 12 to 36 mo were included in study. Children with chronic illness, developmental delay, seizure disorder and lack of consent were excluded. A total of 368 children were enrolled. Main outcome measures were sleep duration over 1 to 3 y of life; sleep behavior at onset, during and waking of sleep and parent reported sleep problems and their predictors...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
E O Sanya, P M Kolo, O O Desalu, O A Bolarinwa, P O Ajiboye, M F Tunde-Ayinmode
BACKGROUND: Available evidences seem to suggest increasing trend in sleep deficit among teenagers worldwide, and there is limited information on this among Nigerian teenagers. This study was carried out to determine the basic sleep schedule and sleep duration among schooling teenagers in Ilorin, Nigeria. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 20 selected public secondary schools in Ilorin, Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to randomly select participating schools...
May 2015: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Kristin P Tully, Diane Holditch-Davis, Debra Brandon
To compare maternal report of planned and practiced home sleep locations of infants born late preterm (34 0/7 to 36 6/7 gestational weeks) with those infants born term (≥37 0/7 gestational weeks) over the first postpartum month. Open-ended semi-structured maternal interviews were conducted in a US hospital following birth and by phone at 1 month postpartum during 2010-2012. Participants were 56 mother-infant dyads: 26 late preterm and 30 term. Most women planned to room share at home with their infants and reported doing so for some or all of the first postpartum month...
July 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Micah O Mazurek, Gregory F Petroski
OBJECTIVES: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk for sleep problems. Previous research suggests that sensory problems and anxiety may be related to the development and maintenance of sleep problems in children with ASD. However, the relationships among these co-occurring conditions have not been previously studied. The current study examined the interrelations of these symptoms in a large well-characterized sample of children and adolescents with ASD. METHODS: The current study examined the relationships among sleep problems, sensory over-responsivity, and anxiety in 1347 children enrolled in the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network...
February 2015: Sleep Medicine
Majid A Almadi, Maitha A Almousa, Amani F Althwainy, Afnan M Altamimi, Hala O Alamoudi, Hiba S Alshamrani, Othman R Alharbi, Nahla A Azzam, Nazia Sadaf, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the general population of the capital city of Riyadh and to assess its association with other factors including age, smoking, body mass index (BMI), asthma, as well as the presence of other co-morbid diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GerdQ) for diagnosing GERD, based on a GerdQ score of 8 or more...
July 2014: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Daryl Efron, Kate Lycett, Emma Sciberras
OBJECTIVE: Sleep problems are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet little is known about sleep medication use in this population. The aim of this study was to describe sleep medication use, as well as associated child and family characteristics in school-aged children with ADHD. METHOD: Sleep medication use was ascertained using a prospective parent-completed seven-night sleep and medication log. Exposure variables included socio-demographic characteristics, total sleep problem severity (Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire), ADHD severity and subtype (ADHD Rating Scale IV), ADHD medication use, internalising and externalising co-morbidities (Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children/Parent version IV) and parent mental health (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale)...
April 2014: Sleep Medicine
Maurice M Ohayon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of insomnia symptoms in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) participants, their association with psychiatric disorders and their impact on health care utilization and quality of life. METHOD: It is a cross-sectional telephone study using a representative sample consisting of 10,854 non-institutionalized individuals aged 15 or over living in Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom. Interviews were managed by the Sleep-EVAL expert system...
July 2014: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Kate Lycett, Emma Sciberras, Fiona K Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
Behavioral sleep problems are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as are internalizing and externalizing comorbidities. The prevalence of these difficulties and the extent to which they co-exist in children with ADHD could inform clinical practice, but remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the association between sleep problems and internalizing and externalizing comorbidities in children with ADHD. Children aged 5-13 years were recruited from 21 pediatric practices across Victoria, Australia (N = 392)...
January 2015: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Anna Johansson, Anita Adamson, Jan Ejdebäck, Ulla Edéll-Gustafsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individualised programme to promote self-care in sleep-activity in patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Recent scientific findings have shown that low physical exercise and stress interfere with coronary artery disease patients' sleep quality and sleep efficiency independent of gender, age and co-morbidity. DESIGN: A randomised pretest-post-test control design. METHODS: Forty-seven patients who had undergone a coronary revascularisation procedure and/or pharmacological treatment three to seven weeks earlier at a general hospital were randomised to either an intervention group or a control group...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Misato Matamura, Mamoru Tochigi, Satoshi Usami, Hiromi Yonehara, Masako Fukushima, Atsushi Nishida, Fumiharu Togo, Tsukasa Sasaki
Several epidemiological studies have indicated that there is a relationship between sleep habits, such as sleep duration, bedtime and bedtime regularity, and mental health status, including depression and anxiety in adolescents. However, it is still to be clarified whether the relationship is direct cause-and-effect or mediated by the influence of genetic and other traits, i.e. quasi-correlation. To examine this issue, we conducted a twin study using a total of 314 data for monozygotic twins from a longitudinal survey of sleep habits and mental health status conducted in a unified junior and senior high school (grades 7-12), located in Tokyo, Japan...
June 2014: Journal of Sleep Research
Maria Esposito, Maria Ruberto, Francesca Gimigliano, Rosa Marotta, Beatrice Gallai, Lucia Parisi, Serena Marianna Lavano, Michele Roccella, Marco Carotenuto
BACKGROUND: Migraine without aura (MoA) is a painful syndrome, particularly in childhood; it is often accompanied by severe impairments, including emotional dysfunction, absenteeism from school, and poor academic performance, as well as issues relating to poor cognitive function, sleep habits, and motor coordination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 71 patients affected by MoA (32 females, 39 males) (mean age: 9.13±1.94 years); the control group consisted of 93 normally developing children (44 females, 49 males) (mean age: 8...
2013: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Margaret Heitkemper, Monica Jarrett, Sang-Eun Jun
PURPOSE: This article provides an update and overview of a nursing research program focused on understanding the pathophysiology and management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: This review includes English language papers from the United States, Europe, and Asia (e.g., South Korea) from 1999 to 2013. We addressed IBS as a health problem, emerging etiologies, diagnostic and treatment approaches and the importance of a biopsychosocial model. RESULTS: IBS is a chronic, functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and alterations in bowel habit (diarrhea, constipation, mixed)...
October 2013: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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