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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441599/transport-and-attenuation-of-salmonella-enterica-fecal-indicator-bacteria-and-a-poultry-litter-marker-gene-are-correlated-in-soil-columns
#1
Sirisha Mantha, Angela Anderson, Saraswati Poudel Acharya, Valerie J Harwood, Jennifer Weidhaas
Millions of tons of fecal-contaminated poultry litter are applied to U.S. agricultural fields annually. Precipitation and irrigation facilitate transport of fecal-derived pathogens and fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) to groundwater. The goal of this study was to compare transport of pathogens, FIB, and a microbial source tracking marker gene for poultry litter (LA35) in a simulated soil-to-groundwater system. Nine laboratory soil columns containing four different soil types were used to evaluate microbial transport to groundwater via infiltration...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441382/hedgehog-signalling-pathway-orchestrates-angiogenesis-in-triple-negative-breast-cancers
#2
Concetta Di Mauro, Roberta Rosa, Valentina D'Amato, Paola Ciciola, Alberto Servetto, Roberta Marciano, Roberta Clara Orsini, Luigi Formisano, Sandro De Falco, Valeria Cicatiello, Maurizio Di Bonito, Monica Cantile, Francesca Collina, Angela Chambery, Bianca Maria Veneziani, Sabino De Placido, Roberto Bianco
BACKGROUND: Several evidences suggest a marked angiogenic dependency in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) tumorigenesis and a potential sensitivity to anti-angiogenic agents. Herein, the putative role of Hedgehog (Hh) pathway in regulating TNBC-dependent angiogenesis was investigated. METHODS: Expression and regulation of the Hh pathway transcription factor glioma-associated oncogene homolog1 protein (GLI1) were studied on the endothelial compartment and on TNBC-initiated angiogenesis...
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441367/imaging-management-of-breast-density-a-controversial-risk-factor-for-breast-cancer
#3
Shannon Falcon, Angela Williams, Jared Weinfurtner, Jennifer S Drukteinis
BACKGROUND: Breast density is well recognized as an independent risk factor for the development of breast cancer. However, the magnitude of risk is controversial. As the public becomes increasingly aware of breast density as a risk factor, legislation and notification laws in relation to breast density have become common throughout the United States. Awareness of breast density as a risk factor for breast cancer presents new challenges for the clinician in the approach to the management and screening of women with dense breasts...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440872/lay-health-educators-and-print-materials-for-the-promotion-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-korean-americans-a-randomized-comparative-effectiveness-study
#4
Angela M Jo, Tung T Nguyen, Susan Stewart, Min J Sung, Ginny Gildengorin, Janice Y Tsoh, Elisa K Tong, Penny Lo, Charlene Cuaresma, Angela Sy, Hy Lam, Ching Wong, Matthew Jeong, Moon S Chen, Marjorie Kagawa-Singer
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer among Korean American men and women. Although CRC screening is effective in reducing the burden of this disease, studies have shown that Korean Americans have low screening rates. METHODS: The authors conducted a 2-arm cluster randomized controlled trial comparing a brochure (print) with a brochure and lay health educator (LHE) outreach (print + LHE) in increasing CRC screening rates among Korean American individuals...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440857/the-anterior-complex-a-visual-mnemonic-to-aid-in-identification-of-normal-structures
#5
Angela C Ranzini
The anterior complex of the fetal brain is a group of structures that are important to evaluate during the routine anatomic survey to exclude several serious brain malformations. These structures include the cavum septum pellucidum, anterior horns, interhemispheric fissure, callosal sulcus, and corpus callosum. The relationship between these structures is easily remembered with the presented visual cartoon. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2017.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440771/interference-of-hb-d-los-angeles-on-the-measurement-of-glycated-hemoglobin-a-case-report
#6
Pedro José Pinés Corrales, Rosalina Martínez López, Antonio González Cabrera, Pilar Ibáñez Navarro, Ángela Vicente Albiñana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440759/utility-of-elastography-in-thyroid-nodules-with-indeterminate-cytology
#7
Antonio Ríos, Jose Manuel Rodríguez, Angela Cepero, Antonio Miguel Hernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440542/menstrual-and-reproductive-factors-and-lung-cancer-risk-a-pooled-analysis-from-the-international-lung-cancer-consortium-ilcco
#8
Soumaya Ben Khedher, Monica Neri, Alexandra Papadopoulos, David C Christiani, Nancy Diao, Curtis C Harris, Susan Olivo-Marston, Ann G Schwartz, Michele Cote, Anita Koushik, Jack Siemiatycki, Maria Teresa Landi, Rayjean J Hung, John McLaughlin, Eric J Duell, Angeline S Andrew, Irene Orlow, Bernard J Park, Hermann Brenner, Kai-Uwe Saum, Angela C Pesatori, Isabelle Stücker
Many clinical features of lung cancer are different in women and men. Sex steroid hormones exert effects in non-reproductive organs, such as the lungs. The association between menstrual and childbearing factors and the risk of lung cancer among women is still debated. We performed a pooled analysis of eight studies contributing to the International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO; 4,386 cases and 4,177 controls). Pooled associations between menstrual or reproductive factors and lung cancer were estimated using multivariable unconditional logistic regression...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440012/image-defined-risk-factors-in-unresectable-neuroblastoma-siopen-study-on-incidence-chemotherapy-induced-variation-and-impact-on-surgical-outcomes
#9
Stefano Avanzini, Luca Pio, Giovanni Erminio, Claudio Granata, Keith Holmes, Marion Gambart, Piero Buffa, Victoria Castel, Dominique Valteau Couanet, Alberto Garaventa, Angela Pistorio, Giovanni Cecchetto, Giuseppe Martucciello, Girolamo Mattioli, Sabine Sarnacki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of image-defined risk factor (IDRF) modification after chemotherapy on surgical outcomes, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) among patients enrolled in the European Unresectable Neuroblastoma (EUNB) study. METHODS: IDRFs were assigned according to the corresponding surgical risk factors list reported in the database. Surgical outcomes, EFS, and OS were related to IDRF modification with chemotherapy. The predictive value of preoperative IDRF for surgical outcomes was analyzed...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439985/the-utility-of-mass-fix-to-detect-and-monitor-monoclonal-proteins-in-the-clinic
#10
Paolo Milani, David L Murray, David R Barnidge, Mindy C Kohlhagen, John R Mills, Giampaolo Merlini, Surendra Dasari, Angela Dispenzieri
The detection and quantification of monoclonal-proteins (M-proteins) are necessary for the diagnosis and evaluation of response in plasma cell dyscrasias. Immunoglobulin enrichment-coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass-spectrometry (MASS-FIX) is a simple and inexpensive method to identify M-proteins, but its clinical generalizability has not yet been elucidated. We compared MASS-FIX to protein electrophoresis (PEL), serum/urine immunofixation-electrophoresis (IFE) and quantitative serum free-light chain (FLC) for the identification of M-proteins in different clinical diagnoses...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439946/efficacy-and-safety-of-twice-vs-once-daily-dosing-of-lisinopril-for-hypertension
#11
Tiffany Tsai, Miranda E Kroehl, Steven M Smith, Angela M Thompson, Isabella Y Dai, Katy E Trinkley
This retrospective cohort study compared administration of lisinopril twice daily and once daily for hypertension. Data were collected from an ambulatory electronic health record between 2011 and 2014. Patients previously receiving lisinopril 20 mg were placed into the once-daily cohort if changed to 40 mg once daily or into the twice-daily cohort if changed to 20 mg twice daily. Efficacy outcome measures were change in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure and achievement of blood pressure control (<140/90 mm Hg)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439218/pediatric-reference-intervals-for-biochemical-markers-gaps-and-challenges-recent-national-initiatives-and-future-perspectives
#12
Houman Tahmasebi, Victoria Higgins, Angela W S Fung, Dorothy Truong, Nicole M A White-Al Habeeb, Khosrow Adeli
Reference intervals provide valuable information to medical practitioners in their interpretation of quantitative laboratory test results, and are critical in the assessment of patient health and in clinical decision-making. The reference interval serves as a health-associated benchmark with which to compare an individual test result. While the concept of reference intervals and their utility appear straightforward, the process of establishing accurate and reliable reference intervals is considerably complex and involved...
March 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438827/implementing-a-pharmacist-consultation-model-for-multimodal-insulin-therapy
#13
Angela Hodges, James Hall, Esther Castellanos, Edward Laue, Tammy Ellis, LaDonna Oelschlaeger
PURPOSE: The implementation of pharmacist-managed insulin dosing for selected hospitalized patients under a multimodal insulin protocol (MMIP) is described. SUMMARY: Hyperglycemia has been linked to increased thrombosis, decreased wound healing, and decreased immune response. Current recommendations support the use of multimodal (basal-bolus) insulin therapy in noncritically ill inpatients. As part of a systemwide quality-improvement initiative to improve glycemic management, the pharmacy department of a community hospital initiated a service to provide protocol-directed insulin dosing for selected patients under a pharmacist consultation model...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438794/intraductal-oncocytic-papillary-neoplasm-a-benign-hepatic-cystic-neoplasm
#14
Angela Tong, Gregory Veillette, Alexandra Budhai, Anthony Gilet
A 61-year-old Asian man presented with severe right upper quadrant pain which had been worsening for several months. Laboratory results indicated elevated aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase. The subsequent ultrasound, CT and MRI showed a large cystic mass with solid components and severe intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal dilatation. The mass was resected and pathology showed a well-demarcated mucinous cystic lesion with polygonal cells containing ovoid nuclei and abundant pink oncocytic cytoplasm...
April 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438275/psychophysical-health-status-of-breast-cancer-survivors-and-effects-of-12-weeks-of-aerobic-training
#15
Andrea Di Blasio, Teresa Morano, Ettore Cianchetti, Sabina Gallina, Ines Bucci, Serena Di Santo, Camilla Tinari, Francesco Di Donato, Pascal Izzicupo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Alessandra Cimini, Giorgio Napolitano
The aim of this study was to analyse the health status of breast cancer survivors and the effects of 12 weeks of aerobic training. Twenty-three breast cancer survivors (51.71 ± 3.17 years) and 23 healthy women (50.73 ± 2.97 years) were investigated for body composition, daily physical activity, quality of life, salivary cortisol, and DHEA-S. Breast cancer survivors were then aerobically trained for 12 weeks. Breast cancer survivors have a worse psychophysical health than healthy women. Aerobic training increased salivary DHEA-S, aerobic fitness, self-reported health, and nocturnal sleeping time and reduced salivary cortisol in breast cancer survivors...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438129/severe-type-1-upgrading-leprosy-reaction-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-a-paradoxical-manifestation-associated-with-deficiency-of-antigen-specific-regulatory-t-cells
#16
Ana Paula Vieira, Maria Angela Bianconcini Trindade, Flávio Jota de Paula, Neusa Yurico Sakai-Valente, Alberto José da Silva Duarte, Francine Brambate Carvalhinho Lemos, Gil Benard
BACKGROUND: Due to its chronic subclinical course and large spectrum of manifestations, leprosy often represents a diagnostic challenge. Even with proper anti-mycobacteria treatment, leprosy follow up remains challenging: almost half of leprosy patients may develop reaction episodes. Leprosy is an infrequent complication of solid organ transplant recipients. This case report illustrates the challenges in diagnosing and managing leprosy and its reactional states in a transplant recipient...
April 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437679/nodal-recurrence-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-incidence-and-proposed-risk-factors
#17
REVIEW
Krista C J Wink, Angela van Baardwijk, Esther G C Troost, Dirk De Ruysscher
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is an alternative to surgery for patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are inoperable due to comorbid disease or who refuse surgery. SBRT results in an excellent local control rate of more than 90%, which is comparable to surgery, while short and long-term overall toxicity is low. Surgically treated patients are often more extensively staged pre-operatively, e.g. with endobronchial ultrasound and/or mediastinoscopy, and typically undergo intra-operative lymph node dissection or sampling...
April 12, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437624/immune-response-to-salmonella-infections-in-vaccinated-and-non-vaccinated-turkeys
#18
Martina Hesse, Andreas Stamm, Angela Berndt, Gerhard Glünder, Rita Weber
Vaccination has been widely used to reduce the Salmonella burden in poultry and subsequently the transmission to humans. Concerning turkey, there is little knowledge on the immune response to colonization and invasion by Salmonella species or about efficacy of vaccination and involved immune mechanisms. In the present study, turkeys were vaccinated at the day of hatch and infected with Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) or Enteritidis (SE) field strains three weeks later. A control group was kept uninfected. After challenge infection, bacterial counts in the cecal content, liver and spleen were determined 7 and 14days post infection...
April 6, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437455/effect-of-a-probiotic-beverage-consumption-enterococcus-faecium-crl-183-and-bifidobacterium-longum-atcc-15707-in-rats-with-chemically-induced-colitis
#19
Larissa Sbaglia Celiberto, Raquel Bedani, Naiara Naiana Dejani, Alexandra Ivo de Medeiros, José Antonio Sampaio Zuanon, Luis Carlos Spolidorio, Maria Angela Tallarico Adorno, Maria Bernadete Amâncio Varesche, Fábio Carrilho Galvão, Sandro Roberto Valentini, Graciela Font de Valdez, Elizeu Antonio Rossi, Daniela Cardoso Umbelino Cavallini
BACKGROUND: Some probiotic strains have the potential to assist in relieving the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease. The impact of daily ingestion of a soy-based product fermented by Enterococcus faecium CRL 183 and Lactobacillus helveticus 416 with the addition of Bifidobacterium longum ATCC 15707 on chemically induced colitis has been investigated thereof within a period of 30 days. METHODS: Colitis was induced by dextran sulfate sodium. The animals were randomly assigned into five groups: Group C: negative control; Group CL: positive control; Group CLF: DSS with the fermented product; Group CLP: DSS with the non-fermented product (placebo); Group CLS: DSS with sulfasalazine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437435/infective-respiratory-syncytial-virus-is-present-in-human-cord-blood-samples-and-most-prevalent-during-winter-months
#20
Angela Mary Fonceca, Abha Chopra, Avram Levy, Paul Stanton Noakes, Matthew Wee-Peng Poh, Natasha Leanne Bear, Susan Prescott, Mark Lloyd Everard
BACKGROUND: Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) remains the most common cause of severe lower respiratory tract disease amongst infants, and continues to cause annual epidemics of respiratory disease every winter worldwide. Demonstrating placental transmission of viable RSV in human samples is a major paradigm shift in respiratory routes considered likely for RSV transmission. METHODS: Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used to identify RSV present in cord blood mononucleocytes (CBM)...
2017: PloS One
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