keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pnemonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26220641/bacteria-etiological-agents-causing-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-and-their-resistance-patterns
#1
Salman Khan, Singh Priti, Sachan Ankit
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infections (LTRIs) are among the most common infectious diseases with potential life-threatening complications. METHODS: The study consisted of 426 patients with suspected LTRIs from mid and far western region of Nepal between September 2011 and July 2014. The specimens were collected and processed according to the standard microbiological methods at the Central Laboratory of Microbiology of Nepalgunj Medical College, Nepal. RESULTS: Among the isolated Gram-positive organisms, Streptococcus pneumonia (n = 30, 51...
2015: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26046018/phenotypic-and-molecular-characterization-of-plasmid-mediated-ampc-among-clinical-isolates-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-different-hospitals-in-tehran
#2
Leila Azimi, Gholamreza Erajiyan, Malihe Talebi, Parviz Owlia, Mahsa Bina, Ali Shojaie, Abdolaziz Rastegar Lari
INTRODUCTION: Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the main opportunistic pathogens which can cause different types of infections. Production of beta-lactamases like AmpC and ESBL mostly lead to beta-lactam resistance in these Gram-Negative bacteria. The aim of this study was the detection of AmpC-producing K. pneumoniae in clinical isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and three isolates of K. pneumoniae were identified. Double disc method including cefoxitin with cefepime and using boronic acid with cloxacillin were performed as two phenotypic methods for detection of AmpC...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25880996/bacteriological-profile-and-drug-susceptibility-patterns-in-dacryocystitis-patients-attending-gondar-university-teaching-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#3
Yared Assefa, Feleke Moges, Mengistu Endris, Banchamlak Zereay, Bemnet Amare, Damtew Bekele, Solomon Tesfaye, Andargachew Mulu, Yeshambel Belyhun
BACKGROUND: Bacterial pathogens isolated from dacryocystitis patients are diverse and complex in terms of their distribution, prevalence, and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. The clinical importance of microbial causes of dacryocystitis and pattern of drug resistance has not been reported in northwest Ethiopia. Moreover, the management of dacryocystitis is based on only clinical observation Therefore, this study attempted to identify and define clinical and microbiological characteristics of microbial agents of dacryocystitis and its antibiotic susceptibility patterns...
2015: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25451048/macrolide-resistant-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-adults-in-zhejiang-china
#4
Zibo Zhou, Xiangzhi Li, Xiaojian Chen, Fangjun Luo, Changwang Pan, Xiaoping Zheng, Feng Tan
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a major pathogen causing community-acquired pneumoniae (CAP), which is generally treated with macrolides. In recent years, however, although macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae has been reported frequently, particularly in China, very little is known about the prevalence of macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae infection in adults. In this study, we survey the macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae in adults in Zhejiang province and characterize the mechanisms of resistance to macrolide. Six hundred fifty throat swab samples were collected from adult patients with CAP from January 2012 to August 2014...
February 2015: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25440141/usefulness-of-pericardial-and-pleural-fluids-for-the-postmortem-diagnosis-of-sepsis
#5
Cristian Palmiere, Coraline Egger
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postmortem distributions of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) and soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) levels in postmortem serum from femoral blood, pericardial fluid and pleural fluid in a series of sepsis-related fatalities (12 subjects) and control cases (20 subjects) that underwent medico-legal investigations. Our aim was to assess the diagnostic potential of the results obtained from pericardial and pleural fluid analysis in identifying sepsis-related deaths...
November 2014: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25134376/the-evaluation-of-serum-surfactant-protein-d-sp-d-levels-as-a-biomarker-of-lung-injury-in-tuberculosis-and-different-lung-diseases
#6
Aygül Güzel, Adil Karadağ, Ali Okuyucu, Hasan Alaçam, Yasemin Küçük
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the predictive powers of serum surfactant protein D (SP-D) levels as a biomarker of lung damage in tuberculosis and lung diseases. METHODS: This study prospectively included 137 subjects who applied to our hospital. We measured serum SP-D levels from patients with active tuberculosis (TB) (n = 35), chronic obstructive disease (COPD) patients experiencing acute exacerbations (n = 30), patients with pneumonia (n = 45), and control subjects (n = 27)...
2014: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23897522/prevalence-of-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-in-silchar-medical-college-assam-india-and-its-antimicrobial-susceptibility-profile
#7
Indu Sharma, Deepjyoti Paul
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to know the rate of prevalence of community acquired UTI infections in both males and females, Assam, North-East India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 50 μl of urine sample from each of the subjects was streaked on cystine lactose electrolyte-deficient agar medium. The plates were incubated overnight at 37°C. Pure, isolated colonies of each type was separately cultured and characterized. The susceptibility of the clinical isolates to routinely prescribed antibiotics in the hospital was performed against various antibiotics...
November 2012: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23439779/disseminated-candidiasis-18-years-after-renal-transplantation
#8
K Bismay, A Mathew, R Rajesh, G Kurian, V N Unni, R D Kavita, S Sreehari
Although mucocutaneous candidiasis is a common infection in renal transplant recipients, disseminated candidiasis is rare. Candida pnemonia causing miliary mottling on X-ray chest with the central nervous system involvement is still rarer. We report an unusual case with disseminated candidiasis that presented 18 years after renal transplantation and improved on conventional antifungal therapy; the relevant literature is reviewed.
November 2012: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23199484/antimicrobial-peptides-containing-unnatural-amino-acid-exhibit-potent-bactericidal-activity-against-eskape-pathogens
#9
R P Hicks, J J Abercrombie, R K Wong, K P Leung
A series of 36 synthetic antimicrobial peptides containing unnatural amino acids were screened to determine their effectiveness to treat Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pnemoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species (ESKAPE) pathogens, which are known to commonly infect chronic wounds. The primary amino acid sequences of these peptides incorporate either three or six dipeptide units consisting of the unnatural amino acids Tetrahydroisoquinolinecarboxylic acid (Tic) and Octahydroindolecarboxylic acid (Oic)...
January 1, 2013: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22898285/-ndm-1-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-mainland-china
#10
Ming-Xiang Zou, Jing-Min Wu, Jun Li, Qing-Ya Dou, Rong-Rong Zhou, Yuan Huang, Wen-En Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) gene of Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) emerging in Hunan, and its relationship to antibiotic resistance. METHODS: The clinical strain was isolated from a sputum sample of a child with severe pnemonia and toxic myocarditis who was admitted into a general hospital of Hunan Province. VITEK-2 compact instrument was used for bacterial identification and antibiotic susceptibility test...
August 2012: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22647818/preliminary-study-on-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-enicostemma-littorale-using-different-solvents
#11
Pitchamuthu Abirami, Muthiah Gomathinayagam, Rajaram Panneerselvam
OBJECTIVE: To study the antimicrobial activity of Enicostemma littorale (E. littorale) using different solvents. METHODS: Chloroform, methanol and acetone extracts of different parts of E. littorale (leaf, stem and root) were evaluated for antimicrobial activity using disc diffusion method against some gram-negative species such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pnemoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi and gram-positive species Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis and two fugal species viz...
July 2012: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22557191/preliminary-phytochemical-and-antimicrobial-activites-on-the-leaves-of-naringi-crenulata-roxb
#12
K V Latha, K Arumugasamy, K Manonmani
Ethanolic extract of Naringi crenulata or liminonia crenulata leaves was investigated for Phytochemical and Antimicrobial activities. The macroscopic characteristics of leaves, physical constant values, extractive values, behavior on treatment with different chemical reagents of the powdered leaves. Naringi crenulata were studied to fix some pharmacognostical parameters and preliminary phytochemical studies on ethanolic extracts of the leaves were also performed. Antimicrobial activities against two bacterial strains - Bacillus subtilis, Klebsilla pnemoniae and two fungal strains Aspergillus niger, Mucor sp...
October 2005: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22557005/antimicrobial-potency-of-the-leaf-stalk-extract-of-curcuma-longa-linn
#13
R Mazumder, T Mendiratta, S C Mondal, A Mazumder
The methanolic extract of the leaf-stalk of curcuma longa LINN, was tested for its minimum Inhibitor concentration (MIC) against Gram positive-staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtilis, klebsiella pnemoniae, bacillus cereus, streptococcus pneumoniae, Lactobacillus arabinosus and gram negative E.coli, shigella dysenteriae, shigella sonnei, shigella boydii, salmonella typhimurium, proteus mirabilis, and Vibrio cholerae strains, further, the ones of inhibition produced by the crude extract against four selected bacterial strains were measured and compared with those produced by the standard antibiotic ciprofloxacin against the same bacterial strains...
July 2000: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22370013/isolation-of-ndm-1-producing-klebsiella-pnemoniae-in-ireland-july-2011
#14
H McDermott, D Morris, E McArdle, G O'Mahony, S Kelly, M Cormican, R Cunney
We report the identification of New Delhi metallo-betalactamase 1 (NDM-1)-producing Klebsiella pnemoniae in Ireland. The organism was resistant to multiple antibiotic classes, including carbapenems, and PCR and sequencing confirmed the presence of the blaNDM-1 gene, carried on a 98 kb plasmid. The organism was isolated from an infant, who was born in India and moved to Ireland at the age of four months. This is the first reported isolation of an NDM-1-producing Enterobacteriaceae strain in Ireland.
2012: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22041607/mucositis-conjunctivitis-but-no-rash-the-atypical-stevens-johnson-syndrome
#15
D C R McGouran, T Petterson, J M McLaren, M P Wolbinski
The Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) classically involves a rash, conjunctivitis and mucositis. We describe the case of a young adult male with isolated mucositis and conjunctivitis . Previous rare reports of severe SJS like syndromes without a rash are confined to children, usually with mycoplasma pnemoniae infection.(1) Terminology for this syndrome includes - "Stevens-Johnson Syndrome without skin lesions", or "Atypical Stevens - Johnson Syndrome".(2) This case highlights the importance of maintaining an open mind when a "full house" of clinical features is absent...
2011: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20931081/essential-oil-constituents-of-illicium-griffithii-and-its-antimicrobial-activity
#16
A Saraswathy, R Shakila, S Mercy Lavanya, A Arunmozhidevi
The essential oil of the fruit of Illicium griffithii Hook f. et Thoms. was extracted using Clevenger's apparatus. Forty-one compounds were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). 4-Methyl-6-(2-propenyl)-1,3-benzodioxole was characterized as the major constituent, followed by linalool amongst the volatile constituents. The essential oil was found to be effective against Aspergillus niger, Penicillium spp. and Saccharomyces cerevisiae and possessed considerable activity against Staphylococcus aureus and was inactive against Klebsiella pnemoniae, Pseudomonas aureginosae, Proteus vulgaris and Escherichia coli...
July 2010: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20697174/prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistance-among-gram-negative-isolates-in-an-adult-intensive-care-unit-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Sameera M Al Johani, Javed Akhter, Hanan Balkhy, Ayman El-Saed, Mousaad Younan, Ziad Memish
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients in the ICU have encountered an increasing emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. We examined patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility in gram-negative isolates to commonly used drugs in an adult ICU at a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out of gram-negative isolates from the adult ICU of King Fahad National Guard Hospital (KFNGH) between 2004 and 2009. Organisms were identified and tested by an automated identification and susceptibility system, and the antibiotic susceptibility testing was confirmed by the disk diffusion method...
September 2010: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19572314/metabolism-in-1-3-propanediol-fed-batch-fermentation-by-a-d-lactate-deficient-mutant-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#18
Yun-Zhen Xu, Ni-Ni Guo, Zong-Ming Zheng, Xian-Jin Ou, Hong-Juan Liu, De-Hua Liu
Klebsiella pneumoniae HR526, a new isolated 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) producer, exhibited great productivity. However, the accumulation of lactate in the late-exponential phase remained an obstacle of 1,3-PD industrial scale production. Hereby, mutants lacking D-lactate pathway were constructed by knocking out the ldhA gene encoding fermentative D-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) of HR526. The mutant K. pneumoniae LDH526 with the lowest LDH activity was studied in aerobic fed-batch fermentation. In experiments using pure glycerol as feedstock, the 1,3-PD concentrations, conversion, and productivity increased from 95...
December 1, 2009: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19293998/insights-from-streptococcus-pneumoniae-glucose-kinase-structural-model
#19
Chaitanya Mulakayala, Babajan Nawaz Banaganapalli, C M Anuradha, Suresh Kumar Chitta
Streptococcus pneumonia is the common cause of sepsis and meningitis. Emergence of multiple antibiotic resistant strains in the community-acquired bacterium is catastrophic. Glucose kinase (GLK) is a regulatory enzyme capable of adding phosphate group to glucose in the first step of streptomycin biosynthesis. The activity of glucose kinase was regulated by the Carbon Catabolite Repression (CCR) system. Therefore, it is important to establish the structure-function relation of GLK in S. pneumoniae. However, a solved structure for S...
2009: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19143975/drug-resistant-pneumococci-in-children-with-acute-lower-respiratory-infections-in-vietnam
#20
Kiwao Watanabe, Dang Duc Anh, Phan Le Thanh Huong, Nguyen Thu Nguyet, Nguyen Thu Hien Anh, Ngo Thi Thi, Nguyen Tien Dung, Doan Mai Phuong, Olivia S Rusizoka, Tsuyoshi Nagatake, Hiroshi Watanabe, Kazunori Oishi
BACKGROUND: Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI), primarily pneumonia, are the leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age. Most of these deaths occur in Africa and southeast Asia. Increasing rates of drug resistance in pneumococcal strains emphasize the necessity of prevention of pneumococcal vaccines. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of drug resistance and the distribution of serotype of pneumococcal strains isolated from pediatric patients with ALRI in Vietnam...
August 2008: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
keyword
keyword
8911
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"