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facial oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067922/-reconstructieve-facial-surgery-in-facial-defects-after-the-surgical-removal-of-malignant-skin-tumours
#1
S Bolouri, F Bierenbroodspot, J Jansma
Because of the enormous and continuing increase in cases of skin cancer in the Netherlands, dentists will increasingly see patients with skin cancer. The most common malignant skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. With resection of a skin tumour, the oncological principles should be applied. For the closure of the resulting defect, a choice for the individual patient is made out of numerous techniques. Facial reconstructive surgery aims to restore the face in form and function and to maintain the patient's quality of life...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056870/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-nmdar-antibody-encephalitis-presents-in-atypical-types-and-coexists-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-or-neurosyphilis
#2
Kaiyu Qin, Wenqing Wu, Yuming Huang, Dongmei Xu, Lei Zhang, Bowen Zheng, Meijuan Jiang, Cheng Kou, Junhua Gao, Wurong Li, Jinglin Zhang, Sumei Wang, Yanfei Luan, Chaoling Yan, Dan Xu, Xinmei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by epileptic seizures, psychosis, dyskinesia, consciousness impairments, and autonomic instability. Symptoms are always various. Sometimes it presents in milder or incomplete forms. We report 4 cases of anti-NMDAR encephalitis with incomplete forms, 3 cases of which were accompanied by neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder or neurosyphilis respectively. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old man presented with dysarthria, movement disorder and occasional seizures...
January 5, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049604/evaluating-tumour-after-care-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-insights-into-patients-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
Oliver Bissinger, Andrea Rau, Steffen Koerdt, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Marco Rainer Kesting, Carolin Götz
INTRODUCTION: Tumour aftercare (tac) is an essential tool in oncology. The main aim of these follow ups is to diagnose recurrence and second tumours from the beginning. Tac appointments can create a special environment for patients' further concerns. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate tac of patients diagnosed with OSCC and to investigate their health related quality of life (hrql). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A German questionnaire was created by two maxillo-facial surgeons with several years of tac experience...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027285/acute-rhinosinusitis-in-immunosuppressed-children-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#4
Amit Ritter, Salvador Fischer, Eitan Yaniv, Tuvia Hadar, Ethan Soudry, Daniel Shai, Dror Gilony, Gideon Bachar
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive therapy places pediatric patients at risk of developing life-threatening sinonasal infections. Diagnosis and treatment is challenging owing to nonspecific signs and symptoms. The aim of the study was to present our department's experience with the surgical management of acute rhinosinusitis in immunosuppressed children. METHODS: The records of all children with a hematologic or oncologic disease who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for acute rhinosinusitis from January 2005 to May 2014 were reviewed...
December 23, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997063/investigation-of-arguments-against-properly-indicated-extracapsular-dissection-in-the-parotid-gland
#5
Konstantinos Mantsopoulos, Claudia Scherl, Heinrich Iro
BACKGROUND: The ideal extent of surgical intervention for benign parotid tumors remains a matter of controversy. The purpose of this study was to examine the existing arguments against extracapsular dissection and present our experience over the last 16 years. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was carried out on the records of all patients who underwent extracapsular dissection for benign parotid tumors at a tertiary referral center between 2000 and 2015. RESULTS: A total of 1359 cases were included in the study...
December 20, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958596/lipofilling-as-refinement-procedure-in-maxillo-mandibular-malformations
#6
D Cervelli, G Gasparini, A Moro, S Pelo, E Foresta, F Grussu, G D'Amato, P De Angelis, G Saponaro
Maxillo-mandibular asymmetry has numerous aetiologies: congenital, traumatic, iatrogenic and post-oncologic. Patients with congenital dentofacial malformations are generally submitted to orthognathic surgery and/or additional procedures (genioplasty, alloplastic implants) with satisfactory results. However, despite achieving skeletal symmetry, noticeable facial asymmetry may persist.This study was performed in 45 patients (29 women and 16 men) operated between December 2012 and June 2014. All patients were affected by maxilla-mandibular asymmetry and underwent orthognatic surgery for hard tissue correction of the deformity...
October 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894610/-reconstruction-of-proximal-nasal-defect-after-deep-carcinological-resection-interest-to-combine-titane-mesh-with-fat-grafting
#7
R Aimard, C Lalloué, C Ho Quoc, D Girodet, P Zrounba, E Delay
INTRODUCTION: The mucosal cylindroma or adenoid cystic carcinoma is the second sinonasal non-epithelial malignant tumor frequency argument. Due to the achievement of the nasal mucosa and a late diagnosis reconstructions are often complex. We report the case of a mucous cylindroma recurrence of nasal septum requiring a wide and deep excision of the root of the nose with nasal reconstruction. CASE REPORT: A patient aged 66 years whose history resection two years ago with a mucous adenoid cystic carcinoma of the right side of the nasal septum, had a local recurrence T2NOM0 imposing a wide excision with amputation nasal septum own bones of nose, the anterior portion of the triangular cartilages...
November 25, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881936/autologous-fat-transfer-to-the-subcutaneous-tissue-in-the-context-of-breast-reconstructive-procedures
#8
REVIEW
Pawel Szychta, Marek Zadrozny, Jan Rykala, Lukasz Banasiak, Henryk Witmanowski
Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is an appropriate technique for aesthetic rejuvenation of the face, aesthetic enhancement of hands, correction of the facial appearance in various disorders and constitutes a surgical alternative of treatment of numerous breast deformities ranging from distorting posttraumatic scars, post-eczema lesions, post-burn deformities to partial or total breast reconstruction. Our work is aimed to familiarize dermatologists with the technique of harvesting and implanting the aspirate of adipose cells in patients consulted for deformities of the breast...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817916/orbital-periorbital-plexiform-neurofibromas-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-multidisciplinary-recommendations-for-care
#9
Robert A Avery, James A Katowitz, Michael J Fisher, Gena Heidary, Eva Dombi, Roger J Packer, Brigitte C Widemann
TOPIC: Children and adults with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a common autosomal dominant condition, manifest a variety of ophthalmologic conditions. Plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) involving the eyelid, orbit, periorbital, and facial structures (orbital-periorbital plexiform neurofibroma [OPPN]) can result in significant visual loss in children. Equally important, OPPNs can cause significant alteration in physical appearance secondary to proptosis, ptosis, and facial disfigurement, leading to social embarrassment and decreased self-esteem...
January 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806782/-modified-minimally-invasive-video-assisted-lateral-neck-dissection-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-series-of-130-cases
#10
D G Zhang, L Gao, L Xie, G F He, L Fang, J Chen, Y W Miao, Z Z Wang
Objective: To discuss the feasibility, safety and oncologic completeness of modified minimally invasive video-assisted lateral neck dissection (MIVALND) for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods: Data of 130 patients from Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Medical School, Zhejiang University undergoing MIVALND from January 2013 to September 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 31 male and 99 female patients with the mean age of (39±11) years. The thyroidectomy and central compartment dissection were performed under a direct visual field or video-assisted (VA) approach, lateral neck dissection was performed via the VA approach...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712824/the-evolution-of-complex-microsurgical-midface-reconstruction-a-classification-scheme-and-reconstructive-algorithm
#11
REVIEW
Daniel Alam, Yaseen Ali, Christopher Klem, Daniel Coventry
Orbito-malar reconstruction after oncological resection represents one of the most challenging facial reconstructive procedures. Until the last few decades, rehabilitation was typically prosthesis based with a limited role for surgery. The advent of microsurgical techniques allowed large-volume tissue reconstitution from a distant donor site, revolutionizing the potential approaches to these defects. The authors report a novel surgery-based algorithm and a classification scheme for complete midface reconstruction with a foundation in the Gillies principles of like-to-like reconstruction and with a significant role of computer-aided virtual planning...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555087/role-of-neuroimaging-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-central-nervous-system-involvement-at-diagnosis
#12
Susanna Ranta, Maarit Palomäki, Mette Levinsen, Mervi Taskinen, Jonas Abrahamsson, Karin Mellgren, Riitta Niinimäki, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Mats Heyman, Arja Harila-Saari
BACKGROUND: Each year approximately 200 children and adolescents are diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the five Nordic countries, and 3% of these have central nervous system (CNS) involvement confirmed by leukemic cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or neurological symptoms. We sought to determine the significance of neuraxis imaging in such patients. PROCEDURE: Magnetic resonance images of children aged 1-17.9 with CNS leukemia at diagnosis of ALL were centrally reviewed and clinical data were retrieved from the medical records and the Nordic leukemia registry...
January 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545654/-complex-carcinological-head-and-neck-reconstruction-in-pediatric-surgery
#13
Q Qassemyar, F Kolb
Head and neck reconstruction in pediatric oncology, even if it is based on adult experience, presents important characteristics including age-related growth, the type of tumor and donor sites features. Indications of free flaps are rare but required care that should be codified, taking into account the details specific to context, and not giving place for improvisation as it is important that surgical outcomes must be as simple as possible. The objective of this article is not to present the technical details of free flaps harvesting in children because it is what is certainly the least different with adults...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536497/mucormycosis-of-the-forehead-and-sinuses-in-a-trauma-patient
#14
Pallavi A Kumbla, Nathan Lee, Mary K Kimbrough
Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection in immunocompetent patients. It is not commonly seen in trauma patients who sustain multisystem injuries and are often exposed to numerous infectious sources. A multidisciplinary approach between medical and surgical specialties is crucial to ensuring timely diagnosis and treatment as morbidity and mortality can be high once acquired. In addition to antifungal therapy, radical debridement and reconstruction by plastic surgery is often necessary. Review of the literature shows that there is no definitive reconstructive technique for mucormycosis of the forehead and sinuses because the amount of tissue destruction may be varied in location and depth, therefore requiring varying extents of debridement...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525665/-reconstruction-with-supraclavicular-island-flaps-an-option-in-oncological-treatment-of-head-and-neck-carcinomas
#15
K-L Bruchhage, A Leichtle, B Wollenberg
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of defects after extirpation of head and neck cancer is a highly challenging and complex surgical undertaking. Commonly used techniques, e.g., the radial forearm flap, the anterior lateral thigh flap, or flaps harvested from the chest-deltopectoral or pectoralis major-share numerous disadvantages, such as donor-site morbidity, poor color matching for cutaneous reconstruction, and excessive tissue bulk. The use of a supraclavicular artery island flap is a long-forgotten but increasingly popular option for reconstruction in the head and neck area...
January 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501201/free-anterolateral-thigh-flap-and-masseter-nerve-transfer-for-reconstruction-of-extensive-periauricular-defects-surgical-technique-and-clinical-outcomes
#16
Lara Cristóbal, Sora Linder, Beatriz Lopez, Maria Mani, Andres Rodríguez-Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Radical tumor ablation in the periauricular area often results in extensive soft tissue defects, including facial nerve sacrifice, bone and/or dura defects. Reconstruction of these defects should aim at restoring facial reanimation, wound closure, and facial and neck contours. We present our experience using free anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) in combination with masseter nerve to facial nerve transfer in managing complex defects in the periauricular area. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015 six patients underwent a combined procedure of ALT flap reconstruction and masseter nerve transfer, to reconstruct extensive, post tumor resection, periauricular defects...
August 8, 2016: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452415/facial-mimetic-cosmetic-and-functional-standardized-assessment-of-the-facial-artery-musculomucosal-famm-flap
#17
Nathan Jowett, Tessa A Hadlock, Eyal Sela, Miklos Toth, Rainald Knecht, Balazs B Lörincz
OBJECTIVE: To objectively assess donor site morbidity after harvesting the facial artery musculomucosal flap. Use of the FAMM-flap in oral cavity reconstruction remains sporadic. This case series describes our newly developed standardized assessment of this flap in a floor of mouth (FOM) reconstructive setting. METHODS: Standardized postoperative assessment of the FAMM flap for donor site wound complications, functional, facial mimetic and oncologic outcomes. RESULTS: There were no wound complications...
July 21, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391517/the-freestyle-facial-artery-perforator-flap-for-reconstruction-of-simultaneous-periorbital-and-cheek-defects
#18
Ricardo Horta, Sergio Teixeira, Ricardo Nascimento, Alvaro Silva, Jose Amarante
The reconstruction of defects involving the nasolabial, paranasal, and periorbital regions may be challenging, because they often involve more than one facial aesthetic unit, and can lead to functional problems. An average of 5 facial artery perforators of caliber >0.5 mm can be found above the mandible. A reference point for the location of the most constantly encountered perforator was suggested as being 1.5 cm lateral to the oral commissure, and at its same level in height or slightly inferior to the commissure...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369288/endoscopic-assisted-selective-neck-dissection-via-small-lateral-neck-incision-for-early-stage-t1-2n0m0-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-3-year-follow-up-results
#19
Faya Liang, Song Fan, Ping Han, Qian Cai, Peiliang Lin, Renhui Chen, Shitong Yu, Xiaoming Huang
BACKGROUND: Primary tumors of early-stage (T1-2N0M0) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) can be treated by transoral minimally invasive surgery, but the cervical lymph node lacks corresponding minimally invasive treatment. Therefore, our study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic-assisted selective neck dissection (EASND) via small lateral neck incision in treatment of early-stage HNSCC. METHODS: From May 2008 to April 2012, 29 patients with early-stage HNSCC were enrolled in this retrospective study...
July 1, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300457/innovative-surgical-management-of-the-synovial-chondromatosis-of-temporo-mandibular-joints-highly-conservative-surgical-technique
#20
Franco Ionna, Massimiliano Amantea, Filiberto Mastrangelo, Andrea Ballini, Maria Grazia Maglione, Corrado Aversa, Rossella De Cecio, Daniela Russo, Massimo Marrelli, Marco Tatullo
Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is an uncommon disease characterized by a benign nodular cartilaginous proliferation arising from the joint synovium, bursae, or tendon sheaths. Although the temporomandibular joint is rarely affected by neoplastic lesions, SC is the most common neoplastic lesion of this joint. The treatment of this disease consists in the extraoral surgery with a wide removal of the lesion; in this study, the authors described a more conservative intraoral surgical approach. Patient with SC of temporomandibular joint typically refer a limitation in the mouth opening, together with a persistent not physiological mandibular protrusion and an appearance of a neoformation located at the right preauricular region: the authors reported 1 scholar patient...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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